HISTORY OF JESUS IN EGYPT

15650236527013619008052888259795.jpgAccording to Coptic Church is ‘altar’ of Mary in Al-Muharraq Monastery. The site where the Holy Family is believed to have settled for a period of more than six months; and the altar-stone was the bed on which the Infant Saviour lay. So the Al-Muharraq Monastery is located, in the land of Egypt’s exact geographical center. According to Matthew’s Gospel a flight of Holy Family into Egypt to seek refuge as an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said,”Rise, take the child and His mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there. Herod is going to search for the child to destroy him in Matthew 2:13. On their flight, Holy Family fled by night from Bethlehem and so returned when Joseph told in a dream it was safe to take the Saviour back to the land of His nativity. The Holy Family in Egypt in exile from Palestine lived at Matareya, a few miles northeast of Cairo. A fountain and a Sycamore tree they rested under exists as baby Jesus’ miracle. So they left the desert behind and made their way southwards crossing Nile eastern bank, to Matareyah and Ain Shams or ancient  Heliopolis site oldest in history ancient times since Jeremiah 43:13. The district suburb today’s Cairo miles city center.Virgin Mary's tree in MatariyaThe Holy Family avoid pagan areas and looked for places of Jewish settlements. Historical sources reveal Holy Family’s stay at Matareyah. Apocryphal gospel of Matthew, Coptic and Egyptian synaxar details Holy Family places. Matareyah, tree stands today, visited, called ‘Mary’s Tree’ as Family rested in shade. Infant Jesus caused water to flow from spring. He blessed it, drank from it and Mary washed His clothes, poured the washing water on ground and from spot fragrant balsam blossomed. It is used for healing and pain soothing properties of a balm essence prepared in scents of perfumes of holy Chrism. Southwards crossed Nile eastern bank, Matariya and Ain Shams ancient Heliopolis Cairo 10 km city. At Ain Shams large Jewish community, had temple Synagogue of Unias for worship. The Family rested shade of infant Old Cairo in Zeitoun landmarks of a Coptic heritage marking paths Holy Family. It is area called Old Cairo, Misr el Kadima, locations brief visit by Holy Family. The Governor of Fustat enraged their idols  fell at Jesus’ approach sought to kill the Child. Took shelter in the cave Church of Abu Serga St. Sergius built. And they  moved south Maadi to Memphis capital of Egypt. Boarded a sailing boat up Nile to southern Egypt. Historic church built on the spot they embarked dedicated to virgin is “Al Adaweya,” Virgin’s Church “of Ferry.” Maadi, Arabic, “the crossing time.” Stone steps lead down to River’s bank used by Holy Family accessible to pilgrims through the Church courtyard.15650274286609034532649623462935.jpg15650239357008186881934449794928.jpgOn Friday the 3rd of the Coptic month of Baramhat, 12 of March, 1976, a Bible floated along ripples of Nile to bank by the Church opened to Isaiah 19:25 says: “Blessed be Egypt My People.” The Bible is in glass in Sanctuary of in the Church. Sail-boat docked at village of Ashnein El Nassara or Deir el Garnous Monastery of Arganos 10 km west of Ashnein El Nassara near Maghagha. Western wall of church of Virgin deep well provided Holy Family with water needed. Then to a spot Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus,” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa 17 km west town Beni Mazar. To Samalout cross the Nile again to east bank of River Monastery of Virgin near Gabal al Tair east Samalout, thousands of birds. Holy Family rested in cave in ancient Church there. Coptics say Holy Family rested in the shade of the Mountain, Jesus stretched His little Hand to hold the rock about to fall from mountain-side imprint of His palm still visible. The Holy Family passed laurel tree south of Gabal El Tair by Nile from Mountain to Nazlet-ebeid Minia Bridge.The recorded events testify of townsfolk infuriated when their stone statue of a  local idol cracked and fell. They evicted Holy Family from town. A historically recorded incident dating to that period refers to devastation of Qussqam, and Coptic tradition asserts the ruin befell the town was the consequence of the violent rejection of their gentle visitors. The tree bows to worship Jesus passing Tree branches downwards on ground and upwards covered in green leaves called: “al abed” or “Worshipper.” They pass Beni-Hassan, town Al Ashmounein or Hermopolis Magna. Jesus’ Presence triggered idols to crumble as foretold by the prophets of old. So the townsfolk in consequence, turned angry, aggressive, and the Holy Family turned their backs on town and headed southwards. Their idols fell but blessed Al Ashmounein by Dairout Um Nakhla Jesus’ spring water flows. Sailed across Nile 10 km south to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia stone statue of idol cracked and fell so evicted Holy Family from town. Qussqam in Coptic tradition ruin consequence of rejection of Holy Family in land to built “Altar to LORD in midst of the land of Egypt.
15650137815178169806773825198128.jpg15650137416176017490009855160550.jpg15650139764656406210421673527323.jpgContinued southwards, the Holy family passed Fortress of Babylon in Old Cairo, and saw pyramids of Giza. According to tradition there used to be a palm tree at Giza under which Blessed Virgin Mary nursed Baby Jesus. This palm tree in the region bearing fruit. Holy Family moved south, reaching Cairo suburb of Maady district Memphis capital of Egypt. Maadi crossing doorway step by Nile as Joseph acquainted with sailors of Nile boats. So Holy Family taken south to Upper Egypt with the historic church built on spot they embarked.dedicated to the Blessed Mother, ‘Al-Adaweya’.Virgin’s Church ‘of the Ferry.’ Maady, derives from Arabic word means ‘the crossing point. There  stone steps lead down to the River bank used by Holy Family and the pilgrims through Church courtyard. On Friday 3rd of Coptic month of Baramhat 12 March, 1976, Bible floated on ripples of Nile to bank by Church. This opened Isaiah miracle occurred Friday on Nile to bank below the Church. Was opened to Isaiah 19: 25 says, “Blessed be Egypt My People.” Bible in glass in Sanctuary of the Church for all to see. And at Jesus’ entrance in country, all idols of the land of Egypt fell with a crash, shattered and broken upon their faces. Some received cures of leprosy, demoniac deliverance by His word. Route as travelers of Sinai from Palestine to Egypt cross Nile from infanticide fury of King Herod. The Holy Family avoid public paths of passing to cross Sinai. In Egypt, are chronicled by Theophilus, twenty-third Patriarch of Alexandria in 384 – 412 A.D. He testified on eve of sixth of Hator Coptic month of November details Holy Family’s journey to and from was Egypt recorded.

15650129366052547432541554584575.jpg

Apocrypha Infancy Gospel of James says Holy Family fled together with Salome, Mary’s midwife. They made their way through Judaic desert to Jordan valley. Majority of images show their journey travelling in one direction and return to the Holy Family to The Holy Land. Then Holy Family proceeded from Bethlehem to Gaza, to El-Zaraniq Floussiat twenty-eight miles west of al-Arish, near oasis of Ain Hagla to Jordan River. A church honours Holy Family to mark the place where the Holy Family rest. Ain Hagla or Kalamonia means ‘good abode.’ To  northern Sinai reached Farma ancient Pelusium mid – way between al-Arish and present-day Port Said. The Greek monk Epiphanius Hagiopolites eighth century and Western monk Bernard the Wise in 870 AD mention in their writing the Holy Family stopped in the city. The church is dedicated to Mary as an angel gave message to Joseph to leave Egypt to ancient city of Hebron one of the oldest cities of the world of Holy site for Jews, Christians and Muslims is the cave of Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebecca, Jacob, Lea’s resting place bought from Ephron, son of Zohar cave of Machpelah owned at the edge of field. Sell at its full price for a burial place in Genesis 23:9. Holy Family continued journey to Ashkelon where Samson slaughtered Philistines by The Spirit of LORD upon him killed thirty men and despoiled and gave their garments to those who answered his riddle in Judges 14:19. On twenty-fourth day of Coptic month of Bashans to first of June, Coptic Church celebrates entry of Lord Jesus Christ to Land of Egypt. On that day churches pray doxology saying  “Rejoice, Oh Egypt; O, people of Egypt and all Children of Egypt who live in its borders, rejoice lift up your hearts, for the lover of all mankind, He is before the beginning of ages, has come to you.”7

Addeir Al-Moharraq – Al-Qussia – Assiut  is the place they stayed in Assuit known as Al-Qussia or Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. All the places mentioned are significant in the history of Egypt for centuries. The Pope Francis made Egypt the Roman Catholic pilgrimage route to celebrate Jesus, Son of God. Millions retrace the steps of the Holy Family in Egypt on map including numbers of the thirty places associated with their flight map route in Egypt. In various places Holy Family discovered many springs and wells in the area of the Nile delta and valley. And so many villages mention of a palm tree, which offered shade to the Holy Family and nourished them with its fruit as well. In the years between 7 – 4 BC when Gaius Turranius was governor in Egypt, the Holy Family crossed narrow Isthmus of al Qantara where Abraham in Genesis 12:10 Jacob and sons traveled to Egypt. Since creation, famines people of Israel travelled to Egypt freely or sent into the captivity God allowed to correct them to follow God exclusively. Moses was also in Egypt and as part of Garden of Eden is fertile so popular rulers took it over many times fighting battles of conquest.1565023204177488196839903038456.jpg
15648316192607707449909183363327.jpg20190803_193407The Coptic Synaxar calendar of saints records Tal Basta is seventy-two miles northeast of Cairo Egyptian town visited by Holy Family.  Oral traditions say that in Tal-Basta or Basta Jesus made spring well up from ground. and His presence triggered idols to crumble, as foretold by the prophets of old. The townsfolk, in consequence, turned malevolent and aggressive, whereupon the Holy Family turned their backs on the town and headed southwards. Reached Mostorod which later received name Al-Mahmma north west of Cairo. Al-Mahmma means ‘the Bathing place’ a name given to the town because the Virgin Mary bathed yhe Christ Child and washed His clothes there. On their way back into Palestine, the Holy Family stopped once more at Mostorod and caused a spring to gush from earth still flows forth today. There  are many walks credited to baby Jesus’ stay in Egypt still in existence today and used by many people for healing and to quench physical and Spiritual thirst. 15650136314072668717207106597809.jpg15650131602917997655590875821286.jpg15650137058841916118992256363270.jpg15650138379915733734401461513335.jpg15647671716299194124761044331387.jpgTheir flight continued to Belbeis where Mary Tree used by local citizens for the cemetery. The tree was removed in 1850 from the corner of Al-Ansârî Street. The other stories relate to token memorials of Jesus at Meniet Samanoud and Sakha, Burullus. The journey north to Meniet Samanoud is where the local population received them with kindness and good hospitality that earned them a deserved blessing. There is a large granite trough according to local belief used by Mary to knead dough and a water-well Christ Child, Himself, blessed still seen today. A
footprint of Christ child imprinted on a rock is stored to see  by many people in the Coptic Church in Egypt. According to Bishop Zacharias of Sakhâ Holy Family travels from Samanoud to Burullus via Sakha that tradition says Jesus left His footprint on rock. So place called Bikha Isus Pekha Issous or Lysous Footprint of Jesus. The rock is preserved hidden for centuries until 1984 in public in Sakha recorded in document of philus’ vision attested by Coptic practice Christians. 15650135107787450424615441894790.jpg15650135434734516151163585908850.jpg15650135901896726421233761475197.jpgThey journeyed into Wadi el-Natroun  and arrive at Wadi El Natroun Natroun Valley after crossing the Rosetta branch of the Nile to western Delta heading to south into Wadi El-Natroun Al Asqeet in the Western Desert of Egypt. In.earliest decades of Christianity, desert expanse to Wadi El-Natroun site of settlements and later many monasteries. And Jesus blessed desert and future settlements so monks occupy the four Wadi ‘n-Natrun  monasteries. Continued southwards the Holy family passed Fortress of Babylon in.Old Cairo and saw pyramids of Giza. According to tradition there used to be a palm tree at Giza under which Mary nursed Baby Jesus. This palm tree was tree in the region bears fruit eaten.On arrival at Wadi El-Natroun Natroun Valley after crossing the Rosetta branch of the Nile to the western Delta headed south into Wadi El-Natroun called Al Asqeet in Western Desert of Egypt. And on to Al Bahnassa and Samalout went on from there to spot later named Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa some thirteen miles west of town of Beni Mazar. The Blessed Mary took her Son and watched over Him for God gave Him wisdom to teach all, this 
is still true to believers. They went from Bahnassa to Samalout and crossed Nile again from that town to spot on the east bank of the River where the Monastery of Virgin now stands upon Gabal Al-Tair Bird Mountain east of Samalout, south of Meadeyat Beni Khaled. Holy Family rested in cave located inside the ancient Church. Gabal Al-Tair is called Gabal El-kaf Palm Mountain. Coptic tradition say the Holy Family rested in the shade of the mountain, Jesus stretched His little hand rock to stop from mountain side so His imprint of His palm is still visible.

When they resumed their travels, the Holy Family laurel tree a stone’s throw south of Gabal El-Tair, along pathway flanking the Nile and leading from the mountain to Nazlet-Ebeid and the New Minia Bridge of today. That tree bowed to worship Lord Christ as passing. The tree is unique all branches downwards, trailing on the ground, turn upwards again, covered i  cloak of green leaves. They call tree Al-Abed “Worshipper.6

Minya – Sondos Ahmed Continuing their journey through Upper Egypt crossing to west side of the river to Assuit, where they stayed for six months. The longest spent in the place during their journey through Egypt is where Joseph had the dream in which an angel told him that Herod the great was dead and was safe to return to Palestine. After spending more than three years in Egypt the Holy Family started the journey back, taking the same route to Palestine. The place they stayed in Assuit is Al-Qussia, where Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. Once more by crossing the Nile, back to its west bank, the Holy Family traveled southwards to town of Al-Ashmounein or Harmopolis Magna but did not tarry long there. Left behind fallen idols to Dairout Al-Sharif like Al-Ashmounein Greek named Philes and to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia. There exists a story of the warm welcome Holy family refugees moved to the next stop at Meir or Meira west of Qoussia. They found a kind hospitality so the town and people were abundantly blessed. Destination in the land of Egypt is a place they built an Altar to the LORD in the land of Egypt in Gabal Mount Qussqam. The Monastery of Al-Moharraq was built around area where Holy Family remained over six months. Their time spent in the cave in the Coptic era the altar of the Church of Mary and the altar stone was the resting place of the Child Jesus during months He dwelt there. Some refer to it as the Second Bethlehem. It is believed is the spot Al-Moharraq Monastery stands and angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, and said “Arise, take the young Child and His mother and go back to the land of Israel for they are dead all who seek the young Child’s life says Matthew 2:20. The church dedicated to Blessed Mary in Dair al-Moharraq was the first church built in Egypt. It is believed that it was built immediately after St. Mark’s arrival in Egypt around 60 AD. Return route deviated from one they came. It took them to city of Assiut and blessed locations commemorate the Christian buildings of mountaintop convent of the Virgin Mary chastity meditating to God.415647695989351293166802210656252.jpg15647718419366416825063876946834.jpg15647712266209045641125033054206.jpg15647716181057066058634311693047.jpg1564771488438193546246232715775.jpg15647722291825170952994978781330.jpgBiblical history says at the end of it all, they arrived home in Joseph’s old house in small town of Nazareth in Galilee. It’s from the land of Jewish Palestine where message of Christ in fullness of time will be heard. Journey from Bethlehem and a return to Nazareth lasted over three years and covering about 1242.80 miles. They travelled on a donkey and sailboat on Nile. These 25-stop-journeys in Egypt churches and monasteries from Gaza to North Sinai through Wadi Al-Arish and Al-Farama Pelusium southeast in a Nile Delta. They stopped at Al-Basta on their way in a place of monastery first home to of worship plus meditating to God. A flight into Egypt Al-Matarya district and Al-Zaytoun stops of Holy Family journey in Toman Bey Street Al-Zaytoun Church some church visitors report sightings of appearing near the church’s domes.IMG-20190805-WA0009.jpg15647696687232513344905955504971.jpg
Virgin Mary Church at Zaytoun Moving on to “Old Cairo” (Al-Fustaat), the Holy Family stayed for a short period of time in cave turned later to Abi Serja Church, inside Roman Fortress of Babylon. After they moved on to Al-Maadi district and stayed in location later turned to “Virgin Mary” Church. Sailed a boat south the Nile stream crossing east bank of river. Where Monastery of the Virgin on top of Gabal Al-Kaf is now located. Gabal Al-Kaf translates Mountain of the Palm is where Jesus is left imprint of His palm on the stones of mountain. Continued their journey through the Upper Egypt crossing back to western side of river to Assuit they stayed six months. It was the longest period spent in the same place during the journey through Egypt. And is where Joseph had a dream an angel told him that Herod the great was dead so safe to return to Palestine. After they spent more than three years in Egypt it then Holy Family started their journey back taking same route to Palestine. The place in Assuit is known as Al-Qussia or Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. Place stayed in Assuit Al-Qussia Al-Muharraq Monastery was later on built and still stands today.7
Addeir Al-Moharraq – Al-Qussia – Assiut  As Pope Francis made it Roman Catholic pilgrimage route is expected to promote religious tourism in Egypt. Eight stops of the 25 chosen to form the main stops of these pilgrimage route. The pilgrimages starts in the city of Al-Arish, North Sinai, crosses to Eastern Delta of Nile reaching Wadi Al-Natroun. Number of important Coptic monasteries include the St. Mary Church in Mostorod, Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church and Garnos Monastery. In living history the Bible is confirmed as Joseph was warned in dream. Herod died the family returned from Egypt in 4 BCE. Herod Archelaus succeeded his father in Judea so they went to Galilee. Archelaus was so cruel in response to people’s complaints in 6 AD is deposed  by Augustus and banished to Vienne  in Gaul. Galilee was ruled by Archelaus brother, Herod Antipas. Matthew 2:23 says the return to Nazareth fulfilled the prophecy, “He shall be called Nazarene” in Isaiah 11:1, “A shoot will come from stump of Jesse from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.” Hebrew word “branch” means nezer and His disciples called the Nezarenes. Acts 24:5 says, What do You want with us Jesus of Nazareth, Master of the disciples. The Church of Nazarene and disciples of Jesus were as originally called the Nezarenes. Jesus calls Himself Nazarene to Paul in Acts 22:8 when he confronted Paul on way to Damascus to persecute the Christians.  The journey of Holy Family in Egypt is recorded by the Coptic Church follows exact path taken. 15647655726303558687336232351551.jpg15650134058157648650473818335824.jpg15650145416886883446397429289675.jpg15650146754766124226511878336471.jpg15650144556876398706482817113942.jpg15650143884118620840048854420774.jpg15650134365218379220791181379860.jpgIMG-20190802-WA0024.jpgJourney starts from Bethlehem to Gaza to El Zaraniq Floussiat 37 km west El Arish. To northern Sinai in Farma or ancient Pelusium mid-way between El Arish and Port-Said. To Tel Basta near Zagazig, in Sharqiah Governorate about 81 km northeast of Cairo, Jesus’ water sprung from ground. Into Mostorod 10 km from Cairo called Al Mahamma, the Bathing place, Mary bathed Christ Child and washed His clothes. On way back to Palestine Holy Family passed Mostorod again and spring gushed from the earth, flowing till present day. Northeastwards to Belbeis (ancient Philippos), back into Sharqiah Governorate, at a distance of about 55 km from Cairo. They rested in  shade of tree called, “The Virgin Mary’s Tree.” Holy Family continued journey north and passed by Zagazig. In Meniet Sammanoud Meniet Genah they passed by town Daqadous the church of Mary is found water-well Holy Family drank. Crossed Nile to city Sammanoud in the Delta were received with kindness and hospitality. A large granite trough used for kneading dough and the water-well Christ Child blessed. To north-west, Holy Family traveled Sakha, in lake-district of Burullus, present-day Governorate of Kafr El-Sheikh. Jesus Foot PekhaIssous  is Holy Child’s footprint marked in relief rock. The rock is preserved, hidden for centuries unearthed on 27 September 1984. Towns and cities in Governorates of Gharbia, Kafr El –Sheikh traditions say used to the Belqas wastelands. St. Bishoy - Wadi NatrounFrom Sakha, came to Wadi El Natroun (Natroun Valley) after crossing Rosetta branch of Nile to Western Delta, south to Western Wadi El Natroun (Scetis) so  crossed the Rosetta branch of the Nile to the Western Delta, and headed south into Wadi El Natroun (Scetis) in Western Desert of Egypt. Passed by the spring of Al Humra, infant Jesus caused a water spring from ground the well called Beer Mariam (Mary’s Well) today.  Christian Wadi El Natroun is site of the monastic settlements and commemoration of the Holy Family’s passage in valley. So left desert southwards across Nile, eastern bank to Matariya, Ain Shams ancient Heliopolis in Cairo, 10 km from the city center. At Ain Shams Jewish community, temple Synagogue of Unias for worship. In Matariya tree  day called the “Mary’s Tree.” The Family rest in shade and the infant Jesus caused water to flow from spring they drank and blessed. Mary washed His clothes, poured washing water on the ground spot is the fragrant balsam plant blossom. Healing, pain soothing balm is essence used in scents and perfumes of holy Chrism. In Old Cairo, Holy Family rested in Zeitoun, to Cairo landmarks of a Coptic heritage marking paths Holy Family. In called Old Cairo, Misr el Kadima brief visit by Holy Family. Governor of Fustat idols  fell at Jesus’ approach sought to kill the Child. Took shelter in the cave Church of Abu Serga St. Sergius. They moved south Maadi, Pharaonic to Memphis capital of Egypt. Boarded a sailing boat Nile to southern Egypt. Historic church built on spot embarked dedicated to “Al Adaweya,” Virgin’s Church “of Ferry” in Maadi, Arabic word “crossing time with stonesteps lead to River’s bank by Holy Family or pilgrims in Church courtyard.15650231719345177325429646183144.jpg15647746591524750616617573836161.jpg15648206312166047298118212240313.jpg15648205249871418165775925570653.jpg15647750292113261430125356731064.jpgOn Friday the 3rd of the Coptic month of Baramhat, 12 of March, 1976, a Bible floated along ripples of Nile to bank by the Church opened to Isaiah 19:25 says: “Blessed be Egypt My People.” The Bible is in glass in Sanctuary of in the Church. Sail-boat docked at village of Ashnein El Nassara or Deir el Garnous Monastery of Arganos 10 km west of Ashnein El Nassara near Maghagha. Western wall of church of Virgin deep well provided Holy Family with water needed. Then to a spot Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus,” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa 17 km west town Beni Mazar. To Samalout, crossed Nile again to spot on east bank of River the Monastery of the Virgin stands Gabal al Tair east Samalout, thousands of birds there. Holy Family rested in cave in an ancient Church there. Coptics say Holy Family rested in shade of the Mountain, Jesus stretched His little Hand to hold rock about to fall from mountain-side on them imprint of His palm still visible. The Holy Family passed the laurel tree  south of Gabal El Tair by Nile from the Mountain to Nazlet-ebeid Minia Bridge. 15647657550798137027371597634471.jpgThe tree bowed to worship Jesus as He was passing Tree branches downwards on the ground and upwards covered in green leaves called: “al abed” or “the Worshipper.” Passed by Beni-Hassan to town of Al Ashmounein or Hermopolis Magna. There idols fell but they blessed Al Ashmounein to Dairout Um Nakhla Jesus spring of water flow. Sailed across Nile 10 km south to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia infuriated stone statue of idol cracked and fell evicted the Holy Family from town. Qussqam, Coptic tradition asserts ruined as consequence of violent rejection. The Holy Family in the land of Egypt, built “altar to the LORD in midst of the land of Egypt.” The Gabal (mount) Qussqam, named from town laid waste, is 327 km south of Cairo, Governorate of Assiut, Monastery of Al Muharraq west foothills of the Mountain.15647670730353519001504066386624.jpg15650125485287456901946279490158.jpgBuilt the area where Holy Family stayed six months in a cave Coptic altar Church of Virgin Mary monastery compound. Is altar stone resting place of Child Jesus during months there. Monastery and its surrounding Coptic Christian ethos. It is spot Al Muharraq Monastery an angel of LORD appeared to Joseph in a dream and said: “Arise and take young Child and His mother into the land of Israel; for they are dead which sought young Child’s life, in Mathew 2:20. They return journey on the same route but deviated slightly from first Western Mountain, 8 km southwest of city of Assiut. Location commemorated by Christians building a mountain-top Convent of Mary. In Old Cairo Matariya Mahamma retrace steps journey across Sinai into Palestine. The return journey Jesus to Israel in 4BC as Herod died to Nazareth. The Gospel in Luke 2:22-40 Mary and Joseph took their Infant Jesus to the Temple in Jerusalem  after forty days of His birth to complete Mary’s ritual purification of childbirth. Perform the redemption of the firstborn son in obedience to the Leviticus 12, the  Exodus 13:12–15. Luke says Joseph and Mary provided for poor people instead of lamb sacrifice in Temple. Leviticus 12:8, sacrificing of pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.” In Leviticus 12:1- 4  event takes place forty days after birth for male child. Presentation celebrated forty days after birth of Christ. Jesus in temple encountered Simeon. The Gospel records Simeon promised ” not to see death before sees Lord’s Christ” in Luke 2:26. Simeon prayed, blessed Jesus, told future of Jesus Mary kept in her heart. 15648316192607707449909183363327.jpg

15646566018928359788734975471712.jpg15646564172578088442891864020818.jpg15646566637614424538970589166857.jpg

HIGHLY EDUCATED STUPID?

051a9879c98b9715605584256aeb1a99c50c6a-wmThis outrageous statement is brought to our attention through debate by people discussing the direction of the world. It was argued George Orwell and Pascal, among great achievers and influencers never went to university yet successful. Some points made include these facts as follows: that education restricts natural wisdom and insists on compliance and conformity of students. One size fits all curriculum is not designed to promote natural skills, talents or abilities rather imposes views and propaganda agenda of a dominant culture. Regardless of the relevance of education to each student its compulsory to study pass assessed on league table to determine course of career. Generalised syllabus is market driven for sales and profit for lucrative exam boards which is another factor. So government funding based on category of subjects considered for grants means schools must present candidates for the courses without teachers and resources to qualify for allowance for the budget. Children’s subjects imposed on them for the sake of keeping up appearances but their certificates registered ‘failed’ even though hardly taught subjects. A school size matters too so their population size determines the amount school receives. Children incapable of reading, spelling, communicating by up to date academic standard copy subjects not taught so it seems performance is excellent in their school report. Teachers do performance related but struggle with children below average forced to learn. Exceptionally gifted talented children suffer because time for lessons too limited to motivate them at their level. Some are bored and lose interest or are homeschooled by a parent giving up career to teach them. It is the context of such extreme cases that frustrate students that they become an educated person. Hoping to get a job to earn income or take loans to continue higher and further education. Despite a life choice in either direction education is still not considered enough to meet all needs of everyone in society. The elite view is that education is the key to life to solve all problems. nelsonmandela1Get so cross when others don’t take such view of education as they do due to a sense of entitlement. People talk of culture of entitlement by those who live on benefits but the elite has its own entitlement culture. They think because they studied at particular University or a specific subject it means they understand the world better than a ‘plebeians.’ They think they are superior so their view should prevail. They also think they are morally superior because they hold views they are told, virtuous. Anyone who appears not to subscribe to these views considered a sinner or else appallingly misled by some other evil force. It is outrageous to elite works of “devil” should prevail against them. It is they who are virtuous so knows best as the chosen ones. Their views or ideas they impose on others they expect and intend to prevail whether society likes it or not. This basic fundamental belief is the construct of education as if every other culture is tabula rasa non-existent blank society waiting to be civilised. It is such condescending biased views some responses complained damages diverse cultures in society. Jefferson-education-768x476Forced, suppressed and the subdued by compulsory subjects to tow the line of only civilised society. History is always written by victors from their point of view portraying victims as perpetrators. Underlying fear is that subdued cultures will find way to overcome suppression to make new life for themselves without total dependence on dominant culture. Their economies will collapse because other cultures are the extension of their market place. Without selling good to such cultures will be limited in growth. Secondly, resources exploited from this cultures will not be available if they can process and sell it directly to each other without the middleman meddling with their minds and paying them with old rustic weapons to fight and kill each other. The study of some subjects never come up int classroom way down at the bottom of the curriculum. There is not enough weeks in the year to reach the subject deliberately fixed in the holiday months. Disparity of one-way education limits an appropriate knowledge of the dominant culture who despise and lack understanding “plebeians.” benjaminfranklin1-2xDerogatory attitude towards the other culture, insults treating them as inferior permeates society. Causes frustration of younger generations made to think they will improve their lot in life through an education. It is worse after education because theory does not match reality in life worst of all now heavily indebted without jobs. Irony is billionaires have free accommodations, free perks or free fares to fly globally to spend allowance given them in free hotels paid for. And the compulsory educated look on while it seems provisions are readily available for certain elites of society from their taxes paid. Worst of all the least treated are original owners of wealth misused and flaunted in their faces. How does an elite class indulging in luxury expect the starving hungry ‘plebeian’ servant class running up and down to fulfill all their egotistical demand and tantrum wishes to feel? Is too much to ask to live and let live to agree to disagree? Go to remotest hovel on planet earth and TV is there, fresh clean spring water rejected for the unhealthy fizzy sugary drink, packaged canned food preferred to a rich natural local nourishment in the name modern sophistication. Free milk ban in schools led to fizzy drink increasing allergies. ekhaya-ekasiWomen must consulted for an inclusive policy to benefit familes, disabled and all sectors of society. Education cannot be just to enrich a few powerful men in power to waste resources only on their wants at the expense of all people. The everyday reports shows people’s health damaged by junk food published in data and statistics by many nutrition boards. Environment is destroyed by persistent distorted belief a privilged few deserve the best in life. Others flabbergasted like cargo cult want imported things best to consume than grow their local produce. Unless agricultural students or a family business, farm producing poultry, cattle milk etc. most educated want to sit by computer all day. They sincerely believe educated people must never do the blue colour jobs. Billions all over the world are waiting and hoping for day things will automatically fall into place so they will become rich like those they aspire to be like. They do not realise the most successful people spend years on shop floor learning skills, doing odd jobs and perfecting crafts before breakthroughs. Many strongly think preposterous ideas, flaunted on a social media followed by a lots of people suddenly turns to millions dollars to make them rich. Look to a few making billions misguided and misled by online money scams. Rich offshore accounts of hidden wealth of the rich is grown by a pyramid scheme investors creating debts for the young who want such expensive things free too. alberteinstein1-2xSome think expensive products with the glamorous packaging thrown away is a better quality. This misnomer is driving society geared it towards AI robots and a driverless car creating unemployment due to fear middle classes will take over to control society. Perpetually subdue, stress put under pressure mental health sleepless nights on medication driven to suicide because of policies harassing citizens. What is good for the goose is not obviously good for the gander with low pay for the women doing equal jobs it seems education has a lot to learn from society to fix itself. It seems Jesus’ words of that the rich get richer and the poor get poorer is played right before our eyes. It is as if licence is given to the rich to go all the way out to exploit the poor to humiliate to fulfil the prophecy of Jesus. Jesus the OWNER of all wealth will hold educated elite rich to account for how they managed and shared HIS WEALTH.  Projects enrich wealthy who can afford to pay while people deemed less in society on scandalous zero hour contract or work hard but go to food banks for food. They deliberately kill off society softly keeping wealth for greedy privileged few. The world is soon going to be over elite need to reconsider their views towards God’s priceless humans created treated badly. Read Revelations 19:15-19 describing the consequences of mistreatment of plebeians by the highly educated who consistently maintain the structures that affects people. They may not value them but are Highly Valued by God their CREATOR. Fear of lacking resources drives many to deprive others but remember God Owns it all. Why will you gain the whole world and perish by losing your soul to material things that cannot be taken out of this world. Yet is going to be used by God to judge people for not sharing material things totally useless in heaven or hell depending on destination. Intelligence in not enough because education is one component of life among other factors: family matters, child or elderly care, health, neighbours and finances. More years are spend on education but untrained to handle long-term life issues concerning others.bertrandrussell1-2x

In 1999 in publication of David Dunning and Justin Kruger the psychologists had noticed in prior studies that areas like reading comprehension, playing chess, driving car, blissful ignorance is falsely confident more than a knowledgeable. Cornell University conducts experiment on effect showing less competent people overestimate their own skills and don’t recognize when other’s superior skills. It requires competent skills to produce a right answer to recognize right answers in life. Smart people listen attentively to consider argument before any decision.

3. Stupid people react by aggressive anger 

The smartest people do get angry from time to time but for the less intelligent people its go-to reaction if things aren’t going their way. Loss of control over a situation tends to use angry aggressive behavior to secure their view. Research by University of Michigan studying 600 participants with parents and children, over 22 years found distinct correlation between aggressive behaviour and the lower IQ-score. The researchers wrote in their elaboration: “We hypothesized low intelligence made learnt aggressive responses more likely at early age, and this aggressive behaviour continued so an intellectual development difficult.”750124-Neal-Stephenson-Quote-The-difference-between-stupid-and (1)

4. Stupid people ignore needs feelings of others  

Intelligent people tend to be very good at empathizing with others. This makes it easy for them to understand another person’s point of view. Russel James of the Texas Tech University conducted a representative study with thousands of Americans and found out that people with a higher IQ are more inclined to give without expecting anything in return. As it turns out, an intelligent person is better at assessing the needs of other people and also more likely to want to help them. “People with higher cognitive ability able to understand and fulfill needs of distant others.” People less smart have a hard time imagining people think differently than them so disagree with them. A concept of doing things for others without expecting a favour in return is foreign to them. It’s completely normal, human, important to keep balance between need to pursue our goals but consider other’s feelings.

5. Stupid people think better than all

Intelligent people motivate and help others because they are not afraid of being overshadowed. They have healthy level of confidence and smart enough to accurately assess own competence. The stupid people on the other hand tend to badmouth others in order to look better themselves. They believe they are above everyone else so always quick to judge. Prejudice is not a sign of intelligence. A Canadian “Psychological Science” study by two scientists at Brock University of Ontario found “those with low IQs tend more in favour of harsh punishments, more homophobic and more likely to be racist.” Many biologists believe human ability to cooperate is instrumental to our overall development. It means the most important signifier of intelligence is being good at working with others.

6.

undefined

via murder_kitty

7.undefined

via subs_only

8.undefined

via BurberryCustardbath

9.undefinedvia MelaninlyChallenged

10.undefined

via nemomnemosyne

David Dunning and Justin Kruger 1999 Psychologists, Smart and Stupid people, University of Michigan.

MONEY CHARMS TO BE RICH

 

Money charms to become rich is the trend some people use to get quick gratification in life. Love of money for vanity to buy material things is concept sold by capitalist as source of happiness and status. This idea affects people’s ego to compete so seen with latest gadgets, latest fashion, latest clothes, cars even if unemployed. Bondage yoke materialism puts some people under pressure to conform so accepted by peers in clicks or gangs. Mistake material possession is equal to value of life so lack of material things, “dehumanize” them so acquire it through dubious mean at cost of others. Its bizarre the least hard-working wants most expensive things due to jealousy and envy, laugh at those living humbly within their means. People perish for lack of knowledge. So paradigm shift to acquire wealth by any means necessary causes brilliant people to lose focus, not concentrate on skills, talents, abilities, to earn genuine honest income. Love of money for lust misguides some to look for such money sources instantly to fit into constantly changing trends. Martin Luther King Jr. said, “people be judged by CONTENTS OF THEIR CHARACTER” not by skin tone, class, race or fashion labels, price tags left on garments to show off brand. Martin Luther’s points out damage done to people not treated fairly. Some actively involved in money charm scams, due to pride, arrogance of entitled generation seeing themselves above “working class” reject physical normal jobs involving sweating or toil. So impatient want everything yesterday without knowing or understanding of principles of how long things take to be made and costs. Live in the moment, to be permanently high, enjoying life seen from their perspective as having fun. Its unrealistic pressure to own only latest constantly in fashion, cars, gadgets that lead to evil lifestyle bondage conscience obsessed to impress others to get Street credit. School textbook topics teach the capitalist model influencing young minds advertising sales contents shops calculate maths and English lessons etc. Compare old textbooks with classrooms disguised market generation shoppers. Money spending preoccupation has no ethics to save money, wait, earn enough to buy things NEEDED without instant loans or credit cards. Free access to money creates debt for people deluded by things of the world, grass is greener keeping up with Jones. Live this lifestyle for years but still empty because of void in heart. Look for fulfilment in wrong places, vulnerable to wiles of deception and entrapment into bondage. People struggling with self-worth taught to get self-worth from how much money they earn equals power. Grow up see others getting self-esteem from earning money. With lack of money, face life of struggle, end up feeling ashamed and humiliated for not enjoying the glamorous luxury lifestyle of others flaunted on TV and in newspapers. So see sophisticated luxury lifestyle of slavery and colonial masters enjoying wealth resources usurped copy lifestyle they cannot afford. Others feel they deserve to take back what the devil stole from them by exploitation resort to such methods. All wealth belongs to God so people are stewards entrusted with God’s wealth to provide for all. Do not seek vengeance on capitalists who dupe, hide billions, reward themselves in luxury. God owns all wealth so God’s business to deal with them, leave it for God Jehovah Jireh to provide for you in Jesus Name. Wealth will not save people as Jesus returns to judge they will throw wealth in caves trying to hide from God.  

The Bible says in last days people will go to and fro in wrong places looking for happiness and enjoyment to feel good about themselves. People want an unrealistic virtual lifestyle not real life existence within God’s will and plans or purpose. Love of money is root of ALL evil as Bible says leading these innocent people to sell souls to spiritualists, witch doctors to get instant money. Money has conditions attached, destroy themselves or others initiated. Innocent people are victims in bondage as the devil comes to steal, kill and destroy. So naive, greedy children lured into dark forces by a love of money not realising they get into evil satanism too late. So devil goes for best people’s destiny to destroy and disgrace the family. Ironically, families sacrifice to provide needs so lack nothing from a good home with loving parents, orphan, divorced, widows, poor given all family has. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is met beyond basic necessity so live in luxury but bored, restless seek illusion to have fun in wrong places, entangle lives with the forces beyond control. accompanied by nightmares, evil spirits follow them daily to torment them. Seek deliverance since they got more than they bargained for. Money charms continue working by demanding human sacrifice blood to keep potency or lose everything. They do not become rich or established with charmed money, spend it recklessly as instructed to buy clothes, shoes, drink, smoke, do drugs live a lustful lifestyle. Gain the whole world but lose their soul to devil tormenting them changing rules demand to control them gets worse and deeper in marine initiation meeting satan who gives assignment to kill loved ones and relatives for money. So money contaminates real money causing loss to genuine money mixed with money in bank saving through purchases. So evil spirit money in shops changed sends original money back into evil wallet. So empty coffers of hard-earned money people have. Necessary for good success by entrusting money into God’s HANDS to protect your finances in Jesus Name. Jesus warned there will be lawlessness lack of respect for parents, family in-laws without fear of offending people. The witchdoctor initiation controls their minds secret life is hidden from family members. Loved ones from good family targeted by friends who recruit initiate them. Quantification of the value of life lures people under pressure to destroy others to make satan happy with their pain. As pawns, realise their mistake so run to God for help after coming to their senses. Go down a destructive path, lose friends who died recognise they are next unless urgently delivered in Jesus Name. This time evil spirits fights and struggles with them not to seek help because evil spirits will be cast out. To denounce evil spirit seek deliverance from a deliverance church. Jesus came to destroy all works of devil to DELIVER people from all destruction. Find pastors who deliver you without charging money. Give thanks and Glory to God, Jesus Christ through Holy Spirit. Change sim card, delete online contacts porn sites, bad friends and live actively under deliverance pastor’s anointing. Divine cover of Spiritual father in Christ in church, read to study Bible, maintain deliverance living according to word of God in Jesus Christ Name. Praise God.

VALUE & CARE FOR ELDERS

God says value elders and care for them so you will live long and be blessed by God it will be well with you. This is the commandment God made and condition attached for those obeying word of God. There are three types of care provided for elders depending on their needs. 1. Medical Care for their health by doctors, pharmacists, nurses and auxiliary staff. 2. Personal Assistants: family, friends or employed to feed, wash, clean premises, personal hygiene, laundry, shop, outing and talking to them as human beings daily if able to communicate. If unable to talk suitable contact for awareness so not alone. 3. Financial Provisions by family if they can afford it or support from public funds. Examine your life and see which category of care needs is possibly provided by you. There are so many unsung heroes 24/7 doing all care needs alone without support or respite care or break to rest and recover from stress. God says HE judges the nations by care provided for “the least of these” in society which includes elders. Those unable to repay the cost of kindness and generosity towards them is important to Jesus who at times disguises Himself to test love for others. There is assumption as long as money is sent regularly to the elders, latest most expensive gadget and grandest designer homes provided, paid for agency staff taking care of them they will be fine. Genuine caring agencies have limited time per person from 15 minutes to hour because of shortage of staff. Quality care impossible to provide within such a limited time frame. They must spread their time between many patients and rush through care because it’s so expensive to pay for the services. Most elders are forced to sell the family homes to pay for medical care so have no inheritance left to pass on to loved ones. These elders sacrificed and fought wars to defend and protect the nation’s and resources taken for granted by the modern generations. Sadly, when elders are too old to work, earn or mobile they are considered useless by very society indulging in their labour, sweat or toils. cheerful african family at home using tablet pcRemember one day you too will grow old and must not forget the elders. Many have incomes that can provide for elders but choose to ignore them. Others lost contact so do not have awareness of their wellbeing whether they are even alive. Many live close by for many years unknown to each other until after death they discover how near each other they were. A misconception of Bible to “leave father and mother and cleave to wife” misinterpreted by some to mean ABANDON FAMILY. So they cut the family off, isolate themselves from a family that sacrifice everything to raise them into who they are. They prefer the company of their vibrant friends as the society promotes friendships above the family. Many do not realise they can set up funds to provide an elders needs and delegate assistant for the personal care PAY for their time and services and not taken for granted because relatives in the family. Gadget care is good idea but is limited in PRACTICAL FUNCTIONS so mechanised human care. People in their last stages of life need comforting touch of healing even from a hired wellbeing or death doula is better than complete isolation. Often an elder in “second childhood” of life is literally a helpless toddler unable to think, decide or care for themselves. This shocks the family who watch a strong parent turn into a helpless child. To many people they seem as acting to demand attention so may not be helped immediately. It is after years of trying in vain before the help required is ascertained for them. It is necessary to understand some cannot keep up with paper work, documents, online technology constantly changing, become forgetful and in extreme cases suffer from dementia. Dementia means they have no control over thoughts so can offend others, use perverted speech totally unlike them in the previous years. May eat but forget and say they have not eaten or not eat and say they have eaten. Those immobile are carried like baby, washed, fed or use commode wheelchair, zema frame. ideas_reuniones_familiares.destacadaActive elders can be slow in walking or going up and descending stairs as Mr Bean’s video experience shows. Some drive slower or misunderstand road signs so find themselves in the wrong lane. Its not attention seeking deliberate winding of modern generations. It is the lack of awareness due to peering society so seen as them versus us. It is worse if they cannot express themselves or they became dependent on the very people they raised. Some unfortunately resent them or are embarrassed due to their nature, illness or condition. Elders now live longer due to better health care but after pension some outlive their income and need top up from the family or the society as a whole. The amount of waste thrown away can be used to provide the care needed. So many unemployed can volunteer to help clean premises, shop and cook for those who want help. Pool of human resources available is ignored for the sophisticated expensive gadgets gulping limited resources. So society is responsible for all elders not privileged few whose needs are not compromised. It’s beyond belief how quickly resources are made available for some while the others are delayed or ignored because not regarded as human enough. Above all nobody brought anything into this world or will anyone take anything out. So GOD is the source of all human life and the material resources HE provides for the well-being of all. A competitive spirit wants to be seen as having the best and most expensive material things mislead some to not provide for elders. Take a look at past gadgets, you often ask yourself “what was I thinking?” You laugh at old useless past fads, fashions, bags, shoes, clothes, hairstyles, decors, gadgets, or phones, homes etc. prices paid for by starving elders abandoned. Some use coban excuse to give to God, church, other societies, organisations, charities, animal welfare but not give to human relatives. The irony is those abandoned elders celebrated after death by family members dressed like going to wedding. Changing funeral clothes to show off or partying into late hours, nights for days, weeks and some for months. The house painted, decorated to impress guests, plenty food or drinks provided to feed thousands. But if elder requested help for food or a medicine ignored as needy or greedy or too demanding. Fear of not burying in grand style overrules need to provide adequate care to celebrate life while alive. Needs of the elders must be compulsory academic subject taught in schools to put some sense into modern generations to teach them respect and value of senior citizens who built the nation’s they enjoy so take for granted. Volunteer must support professional medical teams and value each other. Befrienders can visit and talk to elders to keep them in their own homes than lump them together just for high profit margins at the expense of priceless lives now devalued and treated as worthless by those who do not understand God’s command with condition attached for the good of the blesser and the blessed. The government must stop punishing carers and mothers who provide 24/7 care often treated as unemployed. They provide care, manage home and work in addition but mistreated. Human life is priceless and children, women, elders pay the price for reckless policies that abandon those not considered worthy for equal treatment by privileged. Those working have limited time allowed off work to care for elders, forced, abandon them to work to pay for their rent, basic food without the essential human touch. Everyone has relative somewhere who is elderly and needs their attention and care. Others may not be aware a family extends beyond 2:4 structured family. It is not EASY to care but God’s command instructs all to value and care for elders who bear or sacrificed their life to help you. God did not say only care if they are perfect, so do it through negotiated family team appointed, well noted by all on board of care plan. Past cultures use to frown on stranger seeing ‘nakedness’ of elders but better than abandonment. If you do not provide care while elders are alive, spare yourself debt to impress your friends for grand funeral. God will not ask you how grand was their send off funeral party you organised. God will ask for souls you provided for alive, entrusted to you, believe it or not. God says your life and wellbeing depends on their care. Ethical medicine must treat them as humans not commodities for sale to lowest bid cheap services. Some carers punished “as not working” this must be reconciled to treat them well as foster carers paid for doing same jobs. Just because they are relatives or family members does not mean they do not provide excellent care. In fact the elders prefer loved ones in their last moment but work prevents them. So those who choose to fulfil God’s command to care for and value their loved ones must not be treated less than other professional carers. Elders and poor people must be valued and treated better everywhere in the whole world including deprived underprivileged in Western countries to obey God in Jesus Name.

ANOREXIA DAMAGES BODY

Lizzie Porter lived with anorexia throughout her teens. Now in late 20s, she’s been discovering that those years of starvation have left a lasting imprint on her body. “You have osteoporosis in your spine and osteopenia in your hip. I’m going to put you on calcium and vitamin D and I think you should take them forever. We need to prevent breaks and fractures.” It is May 2018, and my doctor’s words jolt me out of a long-standing state of denial. They come with a set of complicated graphs, which apparently show my low bone density. I don’t understand them. But I can read the words printed next to a fuzzy X-ray-like picture of my spine: “World Health Organization classification: osteoporosis. Fracture risk: high.” For years, I have muddled along, pretending to myself that I had pretty much made a full recovery from anorexia. Yes, I was told back in 2010 that I had osteoporosis. But over the next eight years I persuaded myself that things must have improved, that the holes in my spine must have healed.

Sadly, they haven’t.


Osteoporosis and osteopenia

  • Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones lose their strength and are more likely to break
  • If your bone density is between the lower end of the normal range and the osteoporosis range, you have osteopenia.

Source: National Osteoporosis Society


I was first diagnosed with anorexia at the age of 12, and soon experienced its unglamorous consequences. As summers grew hotter, I shivered: I was like a reptile, unable to generate my own body heat. In winter, my skin cracked and bled, but would not heal, for want of nutrition. I had constipation, bloating and my hair fell out in great clumps. My life revolved around avoiding food.  Over the past 15 years, I have had two in-patient stints in hospital and taken thousands of antidepressants – anorexia is often accompanied by a low mood, sometimes even a suicidal mood is one reason it has the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric disorders. I have seen more doctors than I can be bothered to remember. I have done my best to keep what my mother calls the “anorexic minx” in my mind in check, preventing it from doing a Jack-in-the-Box-style bounce back into my life. The desire to get on with things has spurred me to give up many of my anorexic behaviour patterns. Time was, I would spend hours weighing out salad components in the kitchen, using a different knife to chop each tomato, cucumber and lettuce leaf. I no longer want to waste time on my old routines. And, mostly, I do not.

Lizzie Porter and Muhammad EidoLizzie Porter with a friend – her teeth may look healthy but have required expensive treatment

Anorexia caused my body to age rapidly and I am struggling with the disorder’s longer-term consequences. Osteoporosis involves loss of bone density, and in later life may lead to painful breakages, curvature of the spine, and loss of height. Although it has many causes and often affects post-menopausal women, anorexics are also at risk, especially girls who develop the illness at puberty when the body is trying to build a strong skeleton. For a day or so, the bone scans shake me awake. I walk around the Lebanese capital Beirut, where I live, feeling a bit sick. What am I doing to myself? The thought rolls over in my mind. I remember one elderly woman in my home village in Hertfordshire, who used to walk bent double. Osteoporosis is an old ladies’ problem, I tell myself angrily. I am only 27. Yet all too soon I return to my state of calm apathy. I pretend that my bones aren’t really thin and weak. I’m strong and perfectly healthy, I tell myself, even though I am on calcium and Vitamin D supplements for life, I get dizzy when I stand up, and blood tests show I have been suffering badly from anaemia – a lack of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood. To improve my bone density I should eat more and gain a little weight. But my life is “too busy” to deal with the stress of challenging the last remnants of my anorexic behaviour. I still add up my daily calorie count on a calculator, and I am prone to lash out at anyone who forces to me to eat things I am scared of, such as cake, pastry and cream. This year I have at least allowed a friend to coax me into ordering salad with oil – this fills me with pride, though at the same time I feel ashamed of years I spent worrying over salad dressing. But I need to go further. Osteoporosis is not the only long-term effect of my anorexia. The loss of bone density has also affected my teeth, which ache and easily rot. Since the beginning of the year I have spent £4,200 ($5,500) on dental treatment, including eight fillings, root canal treatment, two crowns and an implant.

X-ray of Lizzie Porter's teeth
 X-ray of Lizzie Porter’s teeth

“The lack of calcium and vitamin D is definitely contributing to this,” says my doctor – a GP who happens to be a specialist in eating disorders. One upshot of my weak teeth and gums is that after years of being subject to psychological barriers that restricted my diet, I now have physical ones. Anything chewy, crunchy or cold is almost impossible to eat. Can you recover from anorexia?

  • A 2002 study found that 46% of patients made a full recovery, a third improved (but retained some eating disorder symptoms), and 20% remained chronically ill over the long term
  • The eating disorder charity, Beat, says recovery is always possible with the right help and support – but what recovery looks like is individual to the person
  • It adds that most medical complications arising from anorexia are reversible, but not all – for example, osteoporosis

It is difficult to predict how badly anorexia will affect each sufferer’s long-term health: bodies react in different ways. Other possible long-term effects can include infertility and difficulty conceiving, heart problems, and kidney and liver complications, according to the UK-based eating disorders charity, Beat. “I don’t think people realise the dangers of the illness and its physical and mental consequences, including the suicide risk. I know it frightens people, but we need to know the facts,” says Jane Smith, chief executive of the UK-registered charity Anorexia and Bulimia Care. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines for treating anorexia instruct doctors to explain to sufferers that the main way of preventing and treating low bone density is “reaching and maintaining a healthy body weight or BMI for their age.”If I am entirely honest with myself, I know I have to try a little bit harder if I am to minimise the long-term consequences of anorexia. I certainly cannot go backwards. I have enough purpose in my life to want to live it. I have a job as a journalist that I love, friends I trust, and parents who support my every move. One morning this May, one of my closest friends, Leila, sent me a WhatsApp message in response to one of my many rants. I was tired and fed-up with life. “I’m not going to tell you a few kilos won’t make you fat, because that’s what’s in your head,” she wrote. “I’m going to tell you that you get to choose between being ‘fat’ and functioning, or thin and bed-bound. You get to be thin but your life is over. That’s all there is to it.”

What can I say? Most of me knows she is right.

Information and Support: Eating disorders

Join the conversation – find us on Facebook,Instagram,

YouTube and Twitter.

PLASTIC FREE PARTY CHOICE

Lindsay and Glen

Lindsay, 36, a writer from Kent, and her Australian husband Glen, 38, first tried living without plastic in 2012. It started out as a month-long challenge so turned into a way of life for the pair who live in Perth, Western Australia. “I’m more the driver than him but we got involved at the same time,” she says. “I’m the one that puts in more work but he agrees with all the values.” So going plastic free for their wedding, in 2014, was a no-brainer.Table decorationsPlastic finds way into weddings in many forms of food storage, drink packaging, decorations, flower delivery – that’s just the start. For Lindsay, who blogs about living without waste, trying to make her special day plastic free came first ahead of any other wishes. “We said we want to be plastic free ‘how can we do that,’ rather than saying, ‘We want roses, we want to have canapes, can we do plastic free memorable but not break the bank. Simplicity was key. To me simple means no fuss and devoting whole weekends to projects was out, says Lindsay.Food menuInvolving suppliers from outset was the most effective way of making a plastic-free event happen, she says. “It’s really about having conversations with people and explaining why you want to do it. People are willing.” But its about taking matters into you own hands. “If you get stuff delivered to you, that’s when it comes in packaging. It was making sure on the day we went to all the deli, the bakery et cetera so we could guarantee there was no packaging.” Eco Wedding Styles done includes recycled materials.Wedding decorations

  • Invitations: electronic, sent via email or Facebook
  • Flowers: freshly picked by family and friends from their gardens, arranged in old jam-jars
  • Decorations: borrowed lace bunting from old tablecloths and curtains • tins fished out of recycling bins and wrapped in twine and in hessian ribbon, which was also used for table runners • hired tablecloths and tea cups • bought beeswax candles in jars
  • Food: local businesses focused on locally sourced produce • hired pizza oven • cakes from a bakery that didn’t use plastic packaging • Indian snacks donated by a friend as a wedding gift
  • Drink: tap beer and cider • local wine • pre-made soft drinks served in jugs • loose tea and coffee • no straws
  • Tableware: venue’s own crockery and cutlery (although having pizza minimised amount needed) • borrowed glasses
  • Gifts: guests told not to buy presents – to avoid any waste and wrapping
  • Dress: rather than spend hours trawling charity shops, the bride bought a High-Street dress she wore again and then sold on eBay
  • Hair and make-up: used make-up bride had • washed hair with bicarbonate of soda and vinegar
  • Favours/confetti: did without it

Lindsay and Glen's weddingLindsay and Glen married local bowling club in Perth Lindsay accepts achieving a 100% plastic-free wedding also meant relying on other people. For wedding, they hired a pizza oven and used a local deli to provide fresh ingredients without plastic packaging but did they know what went on behind the scenes? “It’s possible some plastic that I didn’t see… whether he got a packet of salad in a plastic bag, I don’t know were counterbalanced by air miles required to fly her family albeit just four people to Australia. “In hindsight, I should have fallen in love with the guy in the village – but I didn’t,” Lindsay jokes. “I fell in love with a guy in Australia, so it’s one of those things you have to compromise. My parents, my sister and brother flying out for a wedding – it’s a one-off.” They did decide to have the wedding as local as possible in the city of Perth, rather than the countryside, to reduce driving distances. How difficult for Eugenie to achieve? Wedding planner Katrina Otter says working with the right people is key, as some of the more “old-school suppliers” are less keen to adapt. “Make sure you have the right team on board, work with a team willing to do it or one where it’s already part of their ethos.” She adds: Bride and groom might not know plastic involved cutlery wrapped in cling film. No royal wedding is complete without a vibrant floral display.The Duke and Duchess of Sussex leaving the chapelFlowers were a big part of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s wedding day And, traditionally, a key part of those has been the floral foam – the bricks of green, spongy foam that provide a foundation for floral arrangements, as well as a water source. Katrina says finding an alternative to the non-biodegradable plastic material has become a big issue for the industry and many florists are looking to do it another way. The florist who created the displays for the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s wedding, Philippa Craddock, says she didn’t use any floral foam for their big day. The number of couples requesting plastic-free weddings is on the rise, says Katrina, although it remains a small proportion. Another issue to consider for any bride having live TV coverage is the hair and make-up. Kate Arnell, who blogged about her zero-waste wedding, in 2014, says she found it tricky to find plastic-free make-up and hair products. There are a lot more available and since swapped to plastic-free alternatives she says. Whether Princess Eugenie opts for Lindsay’s bicarbonate of soda, vinegar concoction on hair yet to be confirmed. Eugenie wedding wants plastic free on big day. In addition to venue, food and drink, music, the dress, hair and make-up, a bride’s checklist goes on. And also Princess Eugenie added another factor into equation her wedding to be plastic free. The Queen’s granddaughter, who is marrying Jack Brooksbank on 12 October, told British Vogue the couple’s house was anti-plastic and want our wedding to be like that as well.” So how realistic is it? Lindsay Miles discovered, there are quite a few things to take into consideration. If it is just one day, why bother? “A wedding is such a significant day that it’s even more important to be true to your values than on any other day,” says Lindsay. “You can’t go back on your values just because you’re getting married.”

  • Are you ready for another royal wedding?
  • WATCH: Five ways to break up with plastic

Related Topics

A BOOZE FREE UNIVERSITY?

Group of friends with one man drinking from a pint glassIs booze free university really possible with lots of money for students to spend as they please? Seven ways to be booze-free at uni to still have fun honestly for the Sober students to rejoice as follows. For   years, the word ‘uni’ and ‘freshers’ is synonymous with getting absolutely hammered and, too often, pretending to have fun. But times are a-changing – in fact according to recent research, young people nowadays are less likely to drink alcohol than people their age were 10 years ago. Gen Z-ers in have clean-living smoothie-drinking reputation that looks great on the ‘gram – but doesn’t mix well with getting so drunk you fall asleep in your own sick. Remember that bit in the teen romance To All the Boys I’ve Loved Before, where Peter Kavinsky (swoon) goes to get Lara Jean a drink at a house party and comes back with kombucha? Yeah, that’s not one-off film thing. Now, universities are finally catching up – and it’s becoming easier than ever before to get off the sauce (or remain off, if you never took up drinking in the first place). For instance, there are loads of student societies that are centred around stuff that doesn’t involve alcohol, or are even specifically geared towards non-drinkers. If you’d rather live in teetotal accommodation, that’s a thing nowThis is far from exhaustive list, but here are a few ways you can navigate uni as a non-drinker and still have a hella good time.

Go to booze-free festival

You don’t have to be drunk (and/or tripping) to enjoy a good festival these days, with alcohol-free events across the UK. These fests have everything you might expect – street food, talks, live music – but with alcohol-free drinks, like 0% beer and wine. Maybe grab a bunch of your new uni friends and take a road trip to one near you – and you don’t need to single out a designated driver for the journey back.

Choose non-alcoholic drinks at club nights and pubs We know, we know – this is easier said than done. Despite everything we might say about cultural shifts, pubs and clubs are very much seen as places to drink. So for whatever reason, you might not want the people you’re out with to know that you’re not drinking. Maybe they’re a bit obnoxious about it, maybe you’ve only just met them and are worried it might be an awkward subject to broach, maybe you can’t be bothered to explain. In these cases, you just need to sneakily order non-alcoholic replicas of these classic alcoholic drinks. For example, it’s a little-known fact that a gin and tonic actually looks exactly the same as a glass of just tonic water. Same thing goes for vodka, lime and soda, vodka and cranberry, rum and Coke… and so on. But be warned this deception is a little bit harder to pull off with tequila shots and Jagerbombs. It may be easier to ‘fess up than to explain to the bar staff that you’d like a shot glass of water and you may be surprised to find for a lot of people not drinking is really NBD.

Replace pub crawls with food crawls

Seriously we don’t want to encourage unhealthy eating habits, there is greater joy than eating so much you feel like you’re about to give birth to a seven-course meal. Only occasionally, of course. Why not turn it into a bit of a thing, and get a few friends together to restaurant-hop across town? Plus, we’re sure we don’t need to tell you that all those tasty treats are perfect Instagram fodder. If you’re not into stuffing your face with gourmet burgers, why not go on a coffee crawl? Get your mates together and go from cafe to cafe, trying all the different drinks on the menu, or different types of coffee bean?Look at all this coffeeLook at all this coffee although, a small warning, writer did this with a friend, who ended up physically shaking from obscene levels of caffeine in the system. So you should probably alternate with caffeine-free herbal teas so you don’t accidentally overdose. Oh, and speaking of caffeine… Find alternatives Unless you’re straight edge and that’s totally cool you might consider choosing other vice. Caffeine, mentioned above. Or cheese, shown to have an addictive quality. Or if a vegan, cashew cheese yes, really. Or other kinds of vices you could choose we don’t need to go into.

Join lots of societies at your uni

Teetotal societies in particular. They could definitely be more common, but it’s a positive sign that some unis now have non-drinking societies. One group, Are You Not Drinking Much? (AYNDM) society at University of Kent, says it welcomes anyone on the alcohol spectrum whether they’re teetotal, or regular drinkers who fancy booze-free evening. Teetotal societies good way to meet other non-drinkers for non-boozy activities together like film screenings, quizzes game nights or AYNDM Where’s Wally? treasure hunt evenings Which brings us to our next point…Drinking exercise

Join your student union gym

Yeah, OK, we know most freshers don’t look like this IRL… Why get plastered, when you can get shredded? SU gyms tend to be much cheaper than their non-uni alternatives, and if you’re lucky, they may do HIIT and other exercise classes. If you’re looking for something bit fancier, most mainstream gyms discounted student membership with access to exercise classes. That way, you can bond with people over a protein shake afterwards. And finally…

Hook up with people who remember

When sober, you know you won’t wake up in the morning with all-too-common feeling of shame, regret, and intense self-loathing. Nope you know if you’ve woken up with another person next to you, then they’re someone you would want to bone in the cold light of day. Success! Plus, it’ll generally be easier to tell if you’re boring someone senseless when you’re trying to talk to them. Yes, we’ve seen meme…There you have it fun time is possible without sauce if you know where to look, you can get all the good bits of uni life minus ‘being sick in a public toilet at 3am’ moment. Lasting impact on relationship or mental health caused by drunken assault is a serious matter. Remember not to take lightly a few moment’s passion damage for life. Its freewill choice to dress or drink as you like but sends the wrong message of “implied consent.” Body language or eye contact flirting, signals interest and the willingness to be involved with them. As actions speak louder than words before interaction with anyone ask yourself, be honest, what is your motive to be in the company of that person privately. Prior to going out into a discreet space out of sight of safety of group in premises ask yourself why you trust that person and want to be exclusively with them as a special friend. Is “coffee” in public cafe, bar, restaurant, drinks not good enough so want extra special time night alone with that person? Amos 3:3 says do two want to be together unless they have an agreement. Spending long hours in their company “implies” you enjoy being with them. Bible say avoid appearance of evil as Psalm 1:1 warns be NOT in company of, stand together with, listen to advise of others without you questioning how you feel about it? Is is loneliness, power struggle to please for job, promotion or status? Once in their company wrongly presumed you “subtly agreed” to their intentions. It’s difficult to know if they intend to spike your drink as they seem kind, friendly and charming. Don’t be fooled, charmed by special attention to groom, develop Stockholm syndrome attachment by their kindness. EXCUSE yourself to “lavatory” with your purse, bag and discreetly leave premises NOT IN THEIR CAR!!! If it means being fired your life mind and dignity intact. Your friendly polite compliant persona often mistaken its ‘OK to force’ you. So ‘rape’ or sexual assault is strange to them as prior actions signal wrongly ‘it’s okay’ to proceed further. It DOES matter what to wear, drink, drugs or pull because sexy clothes designed to taunt and stir horny feeling to indulge. Intent REINFORCED by such cumulative actions misleading ‘perpetrator.’ Its worse if alcohol, drugs blurs mind for consent confusing signal mixed message of ‘consent by default.’ It takes two to tango write these questions down and check yourself before going out what is your purpose and intentions for following friendly person to private space alone? If unsure take friends with you; Brandy protected her friend dating on show, took control, dragged a friend home to save her from attack. Don’t rely on exclusive responsibility perpetrator to mislead to ‘proceed.’ Get their written consent to avoid blackmail to save your reputation, do not comply under durex, SCREAM, SHOUT. Before going out, ask why follow a person to discreet private space? Get friends to drink PUBLICLY in cafe, restaurants, pubs etc. Meeting the person regularly influence you but does not mean YOU KNOW WHO THEY ARE so avoid BEING CATFISHED. Pray and cover yourself with BLOOD of Jesus, call on Jesus who loves you to protect and save you in Jesus Name.