JESUS’ BIBLE ARCHAEOLOGY

IMG-20190818-WA0014.jpg BC=(Before Christ) AD =(Ano Domini)IMG-20190818-WA0015.jpgIMG-20190818-WA0016.jpg     CE = (Current Era Historical Time)IMG-20190818-WA0012.jpgIMG-20190818-WA0019.jpg15662947799909184051289945294166.jpg15662898597205896586587013407161.jpgEngraved Magdala stone symbols depict ancient Jewish temple in biblical archaeology carved as a Second Temple stood in Jerusalem. Ancient synagogue’s Temple relationship Jewish pilgrimage holiest place of worship for Judaism in the Christian era.15662913510865676190278956405330.jpgIn Mt. Bitosun in Iran Persia this reliefs show exile of Israelites from their into captivity as God told Abraham 400 years earlier. Many deny pre-existing of Israel before rebirth as nation in 1948. Exiles returned but again sent in captivity into Babylon where Daniel and friends lived.15662912546075529512496030354082.jpgAs many times as Israel did not remain loyal to God exiled many times. Temples of Solomon and Herod destroyed. In 70 AD after 40 years as Jesus predicted fell destroyed by Romans rumbles remain. These are coins used during Jesus’ time.15662925580936803512405705657561.jpg156629322900342107636046674473.jpg15662926940426063586077841079287.jpg15662926500811374526630168511865.jpg15662925241803434292147364051315.jpg15662934052865801014114269827690.jpgJesus healed the cripple waiting 38years by this ancient Pool of Bethesda ruins in Old City Of Jerusalem. So Bethesda ruins in Israel excavated shows the buildings and places Jesus walked and ministered.15662943207971563147261305293085.jpg15662314547413347899319819000870.jpg15662945597882388846102832295170.jpg1566231546768786128824024332029.jpgIMG-20190820-WA0006.jpgPool of Siloam is a rock-cut pool on the southern slope of City of David. Siloam Pool is where Jesus Cured blind man in Biblical Archaeology. A Canaanite pool built by King Hezekiah’s Lower Pool. Is significant in John 9:7 mentioned in the Bible the pool is near the Temple sites.15662961420895759387409267980938.jpgThe Triple Gate on the Temple Mount is at the Royal Stoa southend of Solomon’s Colonnade by stairway of worshippers to outer courtyard of the Temple Mount. This Triple Gate is “Beautiful Gate” in Acts 3:2: the beggar healed by Peter and John in Solomon’s Colonnade Acts 3:1-11. The Temple Gate has a highly decorated stone called “The Beautiful Gate.” Jesus and apostles walked through this gate led to outer courts of Solomon’s Porch early church in Jerusalem met daily.  15662984895838916042761061226141.jpg15662992301654758318511346102690.jpgRobinson staircase once widestone arch stood at southwestern corner of  Temple Mount. Built as expansion of the Second Temple by Herod the Great at the end of 1st century BCE completed in at least 20 years after his death. This massive stone span constructed with retaining wall of Temple Mount. In ancient Jerusalem’s Lower Market area by Tyropoeon street to Royal Stoa complex esplanade Mount. overpass destroyed during Great Jewish Revolt, a few decades after completion.15662989486731074866030682879497.jpgThe Mikvah in first century used during days of Jesus and book of Acts south of the Temple Mount at base of the Double Gate stairs.  This is one of many mikvah used to baptize some of the 3,000 new Jewish believers on the Day of Pentecost as described in Acts 2. Water is used by Jews for ceremonial washing and ritual baths to purify themselves before or if events made them unclean. Conversion to Judaism requires submersion into a mikvah. The area around the Temple Mount, to south filled with mikvah to baptize converted Jews in Jesus’ name. Is a major change in understanding of Jesus as a sign of new faith allegiance. A mikvah has a source of running water, a spring, or fresh water rain. Mikvah is large to allow people to immerse whole body. Stairs used to descend in and out from the mikvah. The wall separates the clean side from unclean to be cleaned.IMG-20190818-WA0017.jpgIMG-20190818-WA0018.jpg1566233011094615817986516559480.jpg15662092444831610928066468387198.jpg15662132613634254343354155873501.jpg15662184773413084311194003862594.jpg15662133863335980419097039675382.jpg15662531969842340283848650706831.jpg15662319479053946165838556539094.jpgIMG-20190818-WA0021.jpgIMG-20190818-WA0022.jpgIMG-20190818-WA0013.jpgIMG-20190818-WA0020.jpgIMG-20190818-WA0023.jpgArchaeologists discover new finds at sites in the lands of the Bible but most do make the news headlines. Scholars show the relevant discoveries as Sodom and the Exodus routes that happened. A trail of evidence exist of ancient Jericho, Israelites, and David’s City as great king. New discoveries in 20 years highlights recent finds to the claims of the Bible an Experienced archaeologist David Graves assembled a helpful collection of some discoveries journeys confirm in history biblical events and people past. Explore new archaeological discoveries, pottery, inscriptions, seals, ossuaries, coins, and manuscripts, and artifacts. Presented a short history of archaeology, outlining characteristics and role in Christianity. in meticulous excavation methods used to explore significant manuscripts for the transmission of Bible. And insightful books illustrate the archaeological finds in photographs, detailed maps, charts and tables, glossaries defined technical archaeological terms of extensive study footnotes and bibliography. Invaluable resource provide information to help us understand the cultural and historical background of Bible archaeology. This is resource for people to know more about archaeology and the Bible, in seminary courses, college classrooms, church groups or personal study.

Author of Biblical Archaeology Book

DAVID E. GRAVES (Ph.D., University of Aberdeen) involved in teaching Bible and archaeology for more than thirty-five years and is currently an Assistant Professor at Liberty University Online, Rawlings School of Divinity. He is one of the worlds leading experts on Sodom. Has taught archaeology at Oxford University, England; provided tours of the Ashmolean and British Museums; traveled extensively in the Middle East; and been involved in Mount Ararat research. He is currently a supervisor at the Shiloh excavations, Israel and was part of the team who discovered and excavated the Dead Sea Scroll cave Q12 near Qumran, Israel (Jan 2017) and Tall el-Hammam (Sodom?), Jordan (2005-2015); and is a member of the Near East Archaeological Society (NEAS). He is the author of Seven Messages of Revelation and the Vassal Treaties: Literary Genre, Structure, and Function; Key Themes of the Old Testament and New Testament; The Location of Sodom; and has authored a number of articles on the Bible and archaeology.

JESUS WAS SEEN AS A GHOST

IMG-20190730-WA0001.jpgJesus told His disciples to go on ahead to Capernaum so they set sail in a boat. It soon turned into a storm and they were struggling to keep boat under control. A figure appears walking on the water.15658734241375412459547235898397.jpgStorm blinds them not recognising Jesus they lived and worked with so panicked said it is a ghost. Peter boldly steps out by faith to join Jesus, starts sinking took his eyes off Jesus for a moment in time. IMG-20190815-WA0006.jpgTheir look on the horizon for help was a ghostlike figure heading towards them. Storms of life blind vision to see clearly helpers. Trust God if you do not see any victory have eternal life in Jesus Name. IMG-20190812-WA0000.jpgStress and pressure of can cause a hasty decision like Peter to jump into the sea without seeing the victory in advance. 15661586438528940833344511269508.jpgJesus called disciples from fishing fish to fishers of men to save mankind. It is happening all over again as people run from danger seeking refuge elsewhere.

JESUS FAMILY TREE RECORDS

1556734281989-160608383.jpgIMG-20190811-WA0001.jpg15656388879437536761303600864503.jpgIMG-20190811-WA0002.jpg15656419084767952847164275594775.jpgIMG-20190806-WA0005.jpg15656410422992786104024077879533.jpg15656418188033645581050399667934.jpgIMG-20190811-WA0004.jpgMatthew’s genealogy of Jesus shows His royal descent and right to King David’s throne. He is presented in Matthew as King and Messiah as foretold by the Old Testament prophets. So book starts with His genealogy because He is important to the Jews as Jewish Gospel as their descendant from Abraham represents Jesus as the expected Messiah KING of the Jews. It is this reason why Jesus is presented in a different way by each gospel. Each was written inspired by the Holy Spirit from their points of view to represent Jesus’ ministry: KING of Kings, Son of God, Son of Man, Saviour. These Gospels present Him to give a complete picture of Jesus. A list of three sets of names contain the fourteen generations of family of Jesus from the patriarchs, to the monarchy to timeline after return from deportation. 20190811_164533.jpg15656428023107839948122759188330.jpg15656409395063786966958752582039.jpgIMG-20190811-WA0007.jpgIMG-20190811-WA0003.jpg15656444847014646621326611450320.jpgThese family trees of Jesus’ genealogy and Nativity of Jesus described in two of the four Gospel of Matthew and Gospel of Luke. Luke traced genealogy upwards towards Adam and God, Matthew traced it towards Jesus. Both gospels say Jesus is not conceived by Joseph but is rather miraculously in womb of Mary, mother of Jesus by the Holy Spirit. Both traced Joseph to King David and to Abraham. The lists are identical between Abraham and David except for one but they differ completely between David and Joseph. Matthew gives Jacob as Joseph’s father and Luke says Joseph was son of Heli. Attempts at explaining the differences between the genealogies have varied in nature. Modern scholarship interprets texts of the Luke and Matthew accounts of the birth of Jesus by number of points in common. Both have Jesus being born in Bethlehem, in Judea to virgin mother. In Luke account Joseph and Mary travel from their home in Nazareth for census  in Bethlehem so Jesus is born and laid in manger. Angels proclaim him saviour for all people and shepherds come to adore him, family returns to Nazareth. In Matthew, The Magi followed a star to Bethlehem, where the family are living, to bring gifts to Jesus, born the King of the Jews. And King Herod massacres all males under two years old in Bethlehem in order to kill Jesus, but Jesus’s family flees to Egypt and settles in Nazareth. So Biblical scholars reconcile contradiction of the differences from perspectives of Gospel the writers. Modern scholarship explains various issues of gospel history in theology in documents chronological timelines. Families know members but not all family members on both sides so, genealogy of Jesus is traced by His father and mother sides in history. And the whole world is connected to Jesus in Adam and Eve through to Abraham the Father of all the nations on the earth.

HISTORY OF JESUS IN EGYPT

15650236527013619008052888259795.jpgAccording to Coptic Church is ‘altar’ of Mary in Al-Muharraq Monastery. The site where the Holy Family is believed to have settled for a period of more than six months; and the altar-stone was the bed on which the Infant Saviour lay. So the Al-Muharraq Monastery is located, in the land of Egypt’s exact geographical center. According to Matthew’s Gospel a flight of Holy Family into Egypt to seek refuge as an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said,”Rise, take the child and His mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there. Herod is going to search for the child to destroy him in Matthew 2:13. On their flight, Holy Family fled by night from Bethlehem and so returned when Joseph told in a dream it was safe to take the Saviour back to the land of His nativity. The Holy Family in Egypt in exile from Palestine lived at Matareya, a few miles northeast of Cairo. A fountain and a Sycamore tree they rested under exists as baby Jesus’ miracle. So they left the desert behind and made their way southwards crossing Nile eastern bank, to Matareyah and Ain Shams or ancient  Heliopolis site oldest in history ancient times since Jeremiah 43:13. The district suburb today’s Cairo miles city center.Virgin Mary's tree in MatariyaThe Holy Family avoid pagan areas and looked for places of Jewish settlements. Historical sources reveal Holy Family’s stay at Matareyah. Apocryphal gospel of Matthew, Coptic and Egyptian synaxar details Holy Family places. Matareyah, tree stands today, visited, called ‘Mary’s Tree’ as Family rested in shade. Infant Jesus caused water to flow from spring. He blessed it, drank from it and Mary washed His clothes, poured the washing water on ground and from spot fragrant balsam blossomed. It is used for healing and pain soothing properties of a balm essence prepared in scents of perfumes of holy Chrism. Southwards crossed Nile eastern bank, Matariya and Ain Shams ancient Heliopolis Cairo 10 km city. At Ain Shams large Jewish community, had temple Synagogue of Unias for worship. The Family rested shade of infant Old Cairo in Zeitoun landmarks of a Coptic heritage marking paths Holy Family. It is area called Old Cairo, Misr el Kadima, locations brief visit by Holy Family. The Governor of Fustat enraged their idols  fell at Jesus’ approach sought to kill the Child. Took shelter in the cave Church of Abu Serga St. Sergius built. And they  moved south Maadi to Memphis capital of Egypt. Boarded a sailing boat up Nile to southern Egypt. Historic church built on the spot they embarked dedicated to virgin is “Al Adaweya,” Virgin’s Church “of Ferry.” Maadi, Arabic, “the crossing time.” Stone steps lead down to River’s bank used by Holy Family accessible to pilgrims through the Church courtyard.15650274286609034532649623462935.jpg15650239357008186881934449794928.jpgOn Friday the 3rd of the Coptic month of Baramhat, 12 of March, 1976, a Bible floated along ripples of Nile to bank by the Church opened to Isaiah 19:25 says: “Blessed be Egypt My People.” The Bible is in glass in Sanctuary of in the Church. Sail-boat docked at village of Ashnein El Nassara or Deir el Garnous Monastery of Arganos 10 km west of Ashnein El Nassara near Maghagha. Western wall of church of Virgin deep well provided Holy Family with water needed. Then to a spot Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus,” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa 17 km west town Beni Mazar. To Samalout cross the Nile again to east bank of River Monastery of Virgin near Gabal al Tair east Samalout, thousands of birds. Holy Family rested in cave in ancient Church there. Coptics say Holy Family rested in the shade of the Mountain, Jesus stretched His little Hand to hold the rock about to fall from mountain-side imprint of His palm still visible. The Holy Family passed laurel tree south of Gabal El Tair by Nile from Mountain to Nazlet-ebeid Minia Bridge.The recorded events testify of townsfolk infuriated when their stone statue of a  local idol cracked and fell. They evicted Holy Family from town. A historically recorded incident dating to that period refers to devastation of Qussqam, and Coptic tradition asserts the ruin befell the town was the consequence of the violent rejection of their gentle visitors. The tree bows to worship Jesus passing Tree branches downwards on ground and upwards covered in green leaves called: “al abed” or “Worshipper.” They pass Beni-Hassan, town Al Ashmounein or Hermopolis Magna. Jesus’ Presence triggered idols to crumble as foretold by the prophets of old. So the townsfolk in consequence, turned angry, aggressive, and the Holy Family turned their backs on town and headed southwards. Their idols fell but blessed Al Ashmounein by Dairout Um Nakhla Jesus’ spring water flows. Sailed across Nile 10 km south to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia stone statue of idol cracked and fell so evicted Holy Family from town. Qussqam in Coptic tradition ruin consequence of rejection of Holy Family in land to built “Altar to LORD in midst of the land of Egypt.
15650137815178169806773825198128.jpg15650137416176017490009855160550.jpg15650139764656406210421673527323.jpgContinued southwards, the Holy family passed Fortress of Babylon in Old Cairo, and saw pyramids of Giza. According to tradition there used to be a palm tree at Giza under which Blessed Virgin Mary nursed Baby Jesus. This palm tree in the region bearing fruit. Holy Family moved south, reaching Cairo suburb of Maady district Memphis capital of Egypt. Maadi crossing doorway step by Nile as Joseph acquainted with sailors of Nile boats. So Holy Family taken south to Upper Egypt with the historic church built on spot they embarked.dedicated to the Blessed Mother, ‘Al-Adaweya’.Virgin’s Church ‘of the Ferry.’ Maady, derives from Arabic word means ‘the crossing point. There  stone steps lead down to the River bank used by Holy Family and the pilgrims through Church courtyard. On Friday 3rd of Coptic month of Baramhat 12 March, 1976, Bible floated on ripples of Nile to bank by Church. This opened Isaiah miracle occurred Friday on Nile to bank below the Church. Was opened to Isaiah 19: 25 says, “Blessed be Egypt My People.” Bible in glass in Sanctuary of the Church for all to see. And at Jesus’ entrance in country, all idols of the land of Egypt fell with a crash, shattered and broken upon their faces. Some received cures of leprosy, demoniac deliverance by His word. Route as travelers of Sinai from Palestine to Egypt cross Nile from infanticide fury of King Herod. The Holy Family avoid public paths of passing to cross Sinai. In Egypt, are chronicled by Theophilus, twenty-third Patriarch of Alexandria in 384 – 412 A.D. He testified on eve of sixth of Hator Coptic month of November details Holy Family’s journey to and from was Egypt recorded.

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Apocrypha Infancy Gospel of James says Holy Family fled together with Salome, Mary’s midwife. They made their way through Judaic desert to Jordan valley. Majority of images show their journey travelling in one direction and return to the Holy Family to The Holy Land. Then Holy Family proceeded from Bethlehem to Gaza, to El-Zaraniq Floussiat twenty-eight miles west of al-Arish, near oasis of Ain Hagla to Jordan River. A church honours Holy Family to mark the place where the Holy Family rest. Ain Hagla or Kalamonia means ‘good abode.’ To  northern Sinai reached Farma ancient Pelusium mid – way between al-Arish and present-day Port Said. The Greek monk Epiphanius Hagiopolites eighth century and Western monk Bernard the Wise in 870 AD mention in their writing the Holy Family stopped in the city. The church is dedicated to Mary as an angel gave message to Joseph to leave Egypt to ancient city of Hebron one of the oldest cities of the world of Holy site for Jews, Christians and Muslims is the cave of Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebecca, Jacob, Lea’s resting place bought from Ephron, son of Zohar cave of Machpelah owned at the edge of field. Sell at its full price for a burial place in Genesis 23:9. Holy Family continued journey to Ashkelon where Samson slaughtered Philistines by The Spirit of LORD upon him killed thirty men and despoiled and gave their garments to those who answered his riddle in Judges 14:19. On twenty-fourth day of Coptic month of Bashans to first of June, Coptic Church celebrates entry of Lord Jesus Christ to Land of Egypt. On that day churches pray doxology saying  “Rejoice, Oh Egypt; O, people of Egypt and all Children of Egypt who live in its borders, rejoice lift up your hearts, for the lover of all mankind, He is before the beginning of ages, has come to you.”7

Addeir Al-Moharraq – Al-Qussia – Assiut  is the place they stayed in Assuit known as Al-Qussia or Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. All the places mentioned are significant in the history of Egypt for centuries. The Pope Francis made Egypt the Roman Catholic pilgrimage route to celebrate Jesus, Son of God. Millions retrace the steps of the Holy Family in Egypt on map including numbers of the thirty places associated with their flight map route in Egypt. In various places Holy Family discovered many springs and wells in the area of the Nile delta and valley. And so many villages mention of a palm tree, which offered shade to the Holy Family and nourished them with its fruit as well. In the years between 7 – 4 BC when Gaius Turranius was governor in Egypt, the Holy Family crossed narrow Isthmus of al Qantara where Abraham in Genesis 12:10 Jacob and sons traveled to Egypt. Since creation, famines people of Israel travelled to Egypt freely or sent into the captivity God allowed to correct them to follow God exclusively. Moses was also in Egypt and as part of Garden of Eden is fertile so popular rulers took it over many times fighting battles of conquest.1565023204177488196839903038456.jpg
15648316192607707449909183363327.jpg20190803_193407The Coptic Synaxar calendar of saints records Tal Basta is seventy-two miles northeast of Cairo Egyptian town visited by Holy Family.  Oral traditions say that in Tal-Basta or Basta Jesus made spring well up from ground. and His presence triggered idols to crumble, as foretold by the prophets of old. The townsfolk, in consequence, turned malevolent and aggressive, whereupon the Holy Family turned their backs on the town and headed southwards. Reached Mostorod which later received name Al-Mahmma north west of Cairo. Al-Mahmma means ‘the Bathing place’ a name given to the town because the Virgin Mary bathed yhe Christ Child and washed His clothes there. On their way back into Palestine, the Holy Family stopped once more at Mostorod and caused a spring to gush from earth still flows forth today. There  are many walks credited to baby Jesus’ stay in Egypt still in existence today and used by many people for healing and to quench physical and Spiritual thirst. 15650136314072668717207106597809.jpg15650131602917997655590875821286.jpg15650137058841916118992256363270.jpg15650138379915733734401461513335.jpg15647671716299194124761044331387.jpgTheir flight continued to Belbeis where Mary Tree used by local citizens for the cemetery. The tree was removed in 1850 from the corner of Al-Ansârî Street. The other stories relate to token memorials of Jesus at Meniet Samanoud and Sakha, Burullus. The journey north to Meniet Samanoud is where the local population received them with kindness and good hospitality that earned them a deserved blessing. There is a large granite trough according to local belief used by Mary to knead dough and a water-well Christ Child, Himself, blessed still seen today. A
footprint of Christ child imprinted on a rock is stored to see  by many people in the Coptic Church in Egypt. According to Bishop Zacharias of Sakhâ Holy Family travels from Samanoud to Burullus via Sakha that tradition says Jesus left His footprint on rock. So place called Bikha Isus Pekha Issous or Lysous Footprint of Jesus. The rock is preserved hidden for centuries until 1984 in public in Sakha recorded in document of philus’ vision attested by Coptic practice Christians. 15650135107787450424615441894790.jpg15650135434734516151163585908850.jpg15650135901896726421233761475197.jpgThey journeyed into Wadi el-Natroun  and arrive at Wadi El Natroun Natroun Valley after crossing the Rosetta branch of the Nile to western Delta heading to south into Wadi El-Natroun Al Asqeet in the Western Desert of Egypt. In.earliest decades of Christianity, desert expanse to Wadi El-Natroun site of settlements and later many monasteries. And Jesus blessed desert and future settlements so monks occupy the four Wadi ‘n-Natrun  monasteries. Continued southwards the Holy family passed Fortress of Babylon in.Old Cairo and saw pyramids of Giza. According to tradition there used to be a palm tree at Giza under which Mary nursed Baby Jesus. This palm tree was tree in the region bears fruit eaten.On arrival at Wadi El-Natroun Natroun Valley after crossing the Rosetta branch of the Nile to the western Delta headed south into Wadi El-Natroun called Al Asqeet in Western Desert of Egypt. And on to Al Bahnassa and Samalout went on from there to spot later named Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa some thirteen miles west of town of Beni Mazar. The Blessed Mary took her Son and watched over Him for God gave Him wisdom to teach all, this 
is still true to believers. They went from Bahnassa to Samalout and crossed Nile again from that town to spot on the east bank of the River where the Monastery of Virgin now stands upon Gabal Al-Tair Bird Mountain east of Samalout, south of Meadeyat Beni Khaled. Holy Family rested in cave located inside the ancient Church. Gabal Al-Tair is called Gabal El-kaf Palm Mountain. Coptic tradition say the Holy Family rested in the shade of the mountain, Jesus stretched His little hand rock to stop from mountain side so His imprint of His palm is still visible.

When they resumed their travels, the Holy Family laurel tree a stone’s throw south of Gabal El-Tair, along pathway flanking the Nile and leading from the mountain to Nazlet-Ebeid and the New Minia Bridge of today. That tree bowed to worship Lord Christ as passing. The tree is unique all branches downwards, trailing on the ground, turn upwards again, covered i  cloak of green leaves. They call tree Al-Abed “Worshipper.6

Minya – Sondos Ahmed Continuing their journey through Upper Egypt crossing to west side of the river to Assuit, where they stayed for six months. The longest spent in the place during their journey through Egypt is where Joseph had the dream in which an angel told him that Herod the great was dead and was safe to return to Palestine. After spending more than three years in Egypt the Holy Family started the journey back, taking the same route to Palestine. The place they stayed in Assuit is Al-Qussia, where Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. Once more by crossing the Nile, back to its west bank, the Holy Family traveled southwards to town of Al-Ashmounein or Harmopolis Magna but did not tarry long there. Left behind fallen idols to Dairout Al-Sharif like Al-Ashmounein Greek named Philes and to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia. There exists a story of the warm welcome Holy family refugees moved to the next stop at Meir or Meira west of Qoussia. They found a kind hospitality so the town and people were abundantly blessed. Destination in the land of Egypt is a place they built an Altar to the LORD in the land of Egypt in Gabal Mount Qussqam. The Monastery of Al-Moharraq was built around area where Holy Family remained over six months. Their time spent in the cave in the Coptic era the altar of the Church of Mary and the altar stone was the resting place of the Child Jesus during months He dwelt there. Some refer to it as the Second Bethlehem. It is believed is the spot Al-Moharraq Monastery stands and angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, and said “Arise, take the young Child and His mother and go back to the land of Israel for they are dead all who seek the young Child’s life says Matthew 2:20. The church dedicated to Blessed Mary in Dair al-Moharraq was the first church built in Egypt. It is believed that it was built immediately after St. Mark’s arrival in Egypt around 60 AD. Return route deviated from one they came. It took them to city of Assiut and blessed locations commemorate the Christian buildings of mountaintop convent of the Virgin Mary chastity meditating to God.415647695989351293166802210656252.jpg15647718419366416825063876946834.jpg15647712266209045641125033054206.jpg15647716181057066058634311693047.jpg1564771488438193546246232715775.jpg15647722291825170952994978781330.jpgBiblical history says at the end of it all, they arrived home in Joseph’s old house in small town of Nazareth in Galilee. It’s from the land of Jewish Palestine where message of Christ in fullness of time will be heard. Journey from Bethlehem and a return to Nazareth lasted over three years and covering about 1242.80 miles. They travelled on a donkey and sailboat on Nile. These 25-stop-journeys in Egypt churches and monasteries from Gaza to North Sinai through Wadi Al-Arish and Al-Farama Pelusium southeast in a Nile Delta. They stopped at Al-Basta on their way in a place of monastery first home to of worship plus meditating to God. A flight into Egypt Al-Matarya district and Al-Zaytoun stops of Holy Family journey in Toman Bey Street Al-Zaytoun Church some church visitors report sightings of appearing near the church’s domes.IMG-20190805-WA0009.jpg15647696687232513344905955504971.jpg
Virgin Mary Church at Zaytoun Moving on to “Old Cairo” (Al-Fustaat), the Holy Family stayed for a short period of time in cave turned later to Abi Serja Church, inside Roman Fortress of Babylon. After they moved on to Al-Maadi district and stayed in location later turned to “Virgin Mary” Church. Sailed a boat south the Nile stream crossing east bank of river. Where Monastery of the Virgin on top of Gabal Al-Kaf is now located. Gabal Al-Kaf translates Mountain of the Palm is where Jesus is left imprint of His palm on the stones of mountain. Continued their journey through the Upper Egypt crossing back to western side of river to Assuit they stayed six months. It was the longest period spent in the same place during the journey through Egypt. And is where Joseph had a dream an angel told him that Herod the great was dead so safe to return to Palestine. After they spent more than three years in Egypt it then Holy Family started their journey back taking same route to Palestine. The place in Assuit is known as Al-Qussia or Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. Place stayed in Assuit Al-Qussia Al-Muharraq Monastery was later on built and still stands today.7
Addeir Al-Moharraq – Al-Qussia – Assiut  As Pope Francis made it Roman Catholic pilgrimage route is expected to promote religious tourism in Egypt. Eight stops of the 25 chosen to form the main stops of these pilgrimage route. The pilgrimages starts in the city of Al-Arish, North Sinai, crosses to Eastern Delta of Nile reaching Wadi Al-Natroun. Number of important Coptic monasteries include the St. Mary Church in Mostorod, Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church and Garnos Monastery. In living history the Bible is confirmed as Joseph was warned in dream. Herod died the family returned from Egypt in 4 BCE. Herod Archelaus succeeded his father in Judea so they went to Galilee. Archelaus was so cruel in response to people’s complaints in 6 AD is deposed  by Augustus and banished to Vienne  in Gaul. Galilee was ruled by Archelaus brother, Herod Antipas. Matthew 2:23 says the return to Nazareth fulfilled the prophecy, “He shall be called Nazarene” in Isaiah 11:1, “A shoot will come from stump of Jesse from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.” Hebrew word “branch” means nezer and His disciples called the Nezarenes. Acts 24:5 says, What do You want with us Jesus of Nazareth, Master of the disciples. The Church of Nazarene and disciples of Jesus were as originally called the Nezarenes. Jesus calls Himself Nazarene to Paul in Acts 22:8 when he confronted Paul on way to Damascus to persecute the Christians.  The journey of Holy Family in Egypt is recorded by the Coptic Church follows exact path taken. 15647655726303558687336232351551.jpg15650134058157648650473818335824.jpg15650145416886883446397429289675.jpg15650146754766124226511878336471.jpg15650144556876398706482817113942.jpg15650143884118620840048854420774.jpg15650134365218379220791181379860.jpgIMG-20190802-WA0024.jpgJourney starts from Bethlehem to Gaza to El Zaraniq Floussiat 37 km west El Arish. To northern Sinai in Farma or ancient Pelusium mid-way between El Arish and Port-Said. To Tel Basta near Zagazig, in Sharqiah Governorate about 81 km northeast of Cairo, Jesus’ water sprung from ground. Into Mostorod 10 km from Cairo called Al Mahamma, the Bathing place, Mary bathed Christ Child and washed His clothes. On way back to Palestine Holy Family passed Mostorod again and spring gushed from the earth, flowing till present day. Northeastwards to Belbeis (ancient Philippos), back into Sharqiah Governorate, at a distance of about 55 km from Cairo. They rested in  shade of tree called, “The Virgin Mary’s Tree.” Holy Family continued journey north and passed by Zagazig. In Meniet Sammanoud Meniet Genah they passed by town Daqadous the church of Mary is found water-well Holy Family drank. Crossed Nile to city Sammanoud in the Delta were received with kindness and hospitality. A large granite trough used for kneading dough and the water-well Christ Child blessed. To north-west, Holy Family traveled Sakha, in lake-district of Burullus, present-day Governorate of Kafr El-Sheikh. Jesus Foot PekhaIssous  is Holy Child’s footprint marked in relief rock. The rock is preserved, hidden for centuries unearthed on 27 September 1984. Towns and cities in Governorates of Gharbia, Kafr El –Sheikh traditions say used to the Belqas wastelands. St. Bishoy - Wadi NatrounFrom Sakha, came to Wadi El Natroun (Natroun Valley) after crossing Rosetta branch of Nile to Western Delta, south to Western Wadi El Natroun (Scetis) so  crossed the Rosetta branch of the Nile to the Western Delta, and headed south into Wadi El Natroun (Scetis) in Western Desert of Egypt. Passed by the spring of Al Humra, infant Jesus caused a water spring from ground the well called Beer Mariam (Mary’s Well) today.  Christian Wadi El Natroun is site of the monastic settlements and commemoration of the Holy Family’s passage in valley. So left desert southwards across Nile, eastern bank to Matariya, Ain Shams ancient Heliopolis in Cairo, 10 km from the city center. At Ain Shams Jewish community, temple Synagogue of Unias for worship. In Matariya tree  day called the “Mary’s Tree.” The Family rest in shade and the infant Jesus caused water to flow from spring they drank and blessed. Mary washed His clothes, poured washing water on the ground spot is the fragrant balsam plant blossom. Healing, pain soothing balm is essence used in scents and perfumes of holy Chrism. In Old Cairo, Holy Family rested in Zeitoun, to Cairo landmarks of a Coptic heritage marking paths Holy Family. In called Old Cairo, Misr el Kadima brief visit by Holy Family. Governor of Fustat idols  fell at Jesus’ approach sought to kill the Child. Took shelter in the cave Church of Abu Serga St. Sergius. They moved south Maadi, Pharaonic to Memphis capital of Egypt. Boarded a sailing boat Nile to southern Egypt. Historic church built on spot embarked dedicated to “Al Adaweya,” Virgin’s Church “of Ferry” in Maadi, Arabic word “crossing time with stonesteps lead to River’s bank by Holy Family or pilgrims in Church courtyard.15650231719345177325429646183144.jpg15647746591524750616617573836161.jpg15648206312166047298118212240313.jpg15648205249871418165775925570653.jpg15647750292113261430125356731064.jpgOn Friday the 3rd of the Coptic month of Baramhat, 12 of March, 1976, a Bible floated along ripples of Nile to bank by the Church opened to Isaiah 19:25 says: “Blessed be Egypt My People.” The Bible is in glass in Sanctuary of in the Church. Sail-boat docked at village of Ashnein El Nassara or Deir el Garnous Monastery of Arganos 10 km west of Ashnein El Nassara near Maghagha. Western wall of church of Virgin deep well provided Holy Family with water needed. Then to a spot Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus,” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa 17 km west town Beni Mazar. To Samalout, crossed Nile again to spot on east bank of River the Monastery of the Virgin stands Gabal al Tair east Samalout, thousands of birds there. Holy Family rested in cave in an ancient Church there. Coptics say Holy Family rested in shade of the Mountain, Jesus stretched His little Hand to hold rock about to fall from mountain-side on them imprint of His palm still visible. The Holy Family passed the laurel tree  south of Gabal El Tair by Nile from the Mountain to Nazlet-ebeid Minia Bridge. 15647657550798137027371597634471.jpgThe tree bowed to worship Jesus as He was passing Tree branches downwards on the ground and upwards covered in green leaves called: “al abed” or “the Worshipper.” Passed by Beni-Hassan to town of Al Ashmounein or Hermopolis Magna. There idols fell but they blessed Al Ashmounein to Dairout Um Nakhla Jesus spring of water flow. Sailed across Nile 10 km south to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia infuriated stone statue of idol cracked and fell evicted the Holy Family from town. Qussqam, Coptic tradition asserts ruined as consequence of violent rejection. The Holy Family in the land of Egypt, built “altar to the LORD in midst of the land of Egypt.” The Gabal (mount) Qussqam, named from town laid waste, is 327 km south of Cairo, Governorate of Assiut, Monastery of Al Muharraq west foothills of the Mountain.15647670730353519001504066386624.jpg15650125485287456901946279490158.jpgBuilt the area where Holy Family stayed six months in a cave Coptic altar Church of Virgin Mary monastery compound. Is altar stone resting place of Child Jesus during months there. Monastery and its surrounding Coptic Christian ethos. It is spot Al Muharraq Monastery an angel of LORD appeared to Joseph in a dream and said: “Arise and take young Child and His mother into the land of Israel; for they are dead which sought young Child’s life, in Mathew 2:20. They return journey on the same route but deviated slightly from first Western Mountain, 8 km southwest of city of Assiut. Location commemorated by Christians building a mountain-top Convent of Mary. In Old Cairo Matariya Mahamma retrace steps journey across Sinai into Palestine. The return journey Jesus to Israel in 4BC as Herod died to Nazareth. The Gospel in Luke 2:22-40 Mary and Joseph took their Infant Jesus to the Temple in Jerusalem  after forty days of His birth to complete Mary’s ritual purification of childbirth. Perform the redemption of the firstborn son in obedience to the Leviticus 12, the  Exodus 13:12–15. Luke says Joseph and Mary provided for poor people instead of lamb sacrifice in Temple. Leviticus 12:8, sacrificing of pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.” In Leviticus 12:1- 4  event takes place forty days after birth for male child. Presentation celebrated forty days after birth of Christ. Jesus in temple encountered Simeon. The Gospel records Simeon promised ” not to see death before sees Lord’s Christ” in Luke 2:26. Simeon prayed, blessed Jesus, told future of Jesus Mary kept in her heart. 15648316192607707449909183363327.jpg

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JESUS IN EGYPT/ISRAEL MAPS

15648316192607707449909183363327.jpg1564831665367273111586519463515.jpg15646569304355726739680845638052.jpg15646580529202498646035413327622.jpg15648546710452198377635394704783.jpg20190801_114025.jpg15646554813917923813950887627950.jpg15646562281846992982701824170222.jpg156528139138431019198289823953.jpg15652809163262709635233645971108.jpg15652812227642151811642722896062.jpg15652754342556541025313775213031.jpg15652775560478461047745527868434.jpg15652773988384062994561002768282.jpgIMG-20190803-WA0007.jpg1565278131237375231407812607157.jpg15654300362746904440185833961432.jpg1565431437013826047730710704884.jpg15648538306026119783726148711226.jpg15648543935634144667990688587349.jpg15648546510932550606444320384397.jpg15652752687567915768972387138132.jpgIMG-20190808-WA0011.jpg15652753242012541944933542349369.jpg15648551162901513821157231214724.jpg15648542978586972753849835007463.jpg15648540948062852046322113809379.jpg15648552624101731811809511746555.jpg20190803_1934071564833995601663476476502697859.jpg15646050110116496470922657949029.jpg15648555350191784473057191826756.jpgBible details of Jesus’ birth in Gospel in Matthew 2:1 is during the days of Herod who died in 4 B.C. Joseph and Mary fled Bethlehem with Jesus Herod ordered all boys 2 years old and younger in vicinity killed. Jesus could be 2 before Herod’s death so His birth between 6 and 4 B.C. In Luke 2:1-2, “In those days a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world be registered. This was first registration when Quirinius was governor of Syria.” Caesar Augustus reigned from 27 B.C. to A.D. 14 and Quirinius’ record and Judea in 6 B.C. This census mentioned by Luke is history details of time of Christ’s birth in Bethlehem in 6-5 B.C. Luke’s timeline: “Jesus, began His ministry about thirty years of age” in Luke 3:23 during time of John the Baptist in wilderness. John started “in the fifteenth year of reign of Tiberius Caesar. Pontius Pilate governor of Judea, Herod was tetrarch of Galilee. His brother Philip, tetrarch of Ituraea, Trachonitis, Lysanias, Abilene, during high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas” in Luke 3:1-2 time period. Facts fit A.D. 27-29, Jesus “about thirty years of age” in A.D. 27 shows His birth between 6A.D and 4 B.C. Jesus at 30 years began His ministry till thirty three years of age. As Jesus’ family moved Baby Jesus from Bethlehem into Nazareth and into Egypt to escape the massacre of innocents by Herod. Angel Gabriel warned Joseph in dream to leave at night and stayed three and half years in Egypt. Angel Gabriel returned to tell Joseph again in dream to take the Holy family back into Israel. When back into Jerusalem but another cruel Herod in power they moved back to Nazareth. Versions of living history of Jesus exists in many accounts narrated from other perspectives. Regenerations in modern cities means some old names changed but others retain consistency in the records. Psalm 69:35 says,“God will save Zion and rebuild cities of Judah so that they will dwell there and have it in possession. Jesus is real in history not fables misleading people. God’s word prophesied fulfilled in Jesus tells people to hear this Gospel message and to be saved in Christ Jesus Name. God Chose Jesus to REPRESENT HIM to bring people back to God before it is too late to repent. GOD HIGHLY EXALTED JESUS ABOVE ALL other names for there is no other name given among mankind to be saved. Jesus is ULTIMATE SACRIFICE who redeems mankind from sin and gives GIFT OF ETERNAL LIFE to all Children of God. You decide to accept Jesus as your personal Saviour and be with God Forevermore. After that time,’ declares the LORD. ‘I will put My law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be My people. No longer will they teach their neighbour or say to each other, ‘Know the LORD,’ because they will all know ME, from the least to the greatest,” says the LORD. ‘For I will FORGIVE their wickedness and will remember their sins no more says Jeremiah 31:33–34.