Black History Month October celebrates abolition of slaves whose wealth enrich G7 Western Europe and America but deprived slaves of their dignity and long life so slaves became traumatized. Triangular trade from Europe on ships to Africa to Carribean to America back to Europe. G7 member nations enslaved Africans. Belgian King Leopold invited them jointly to divide and own Africa. Almost a thousand years black slavery continued despite official abolition law. Slavery produced sugar, cocoa, coffee, cotton for “triangle merchants” of slave trade in Britain, Africa and West Indies. Triangle trips carried guns, goods from England to Africa for slaves from Africa to Caribbean. Sugar, coffee, cotton and rum to England for commercial slavery by supply and demand on plantations. Atlantic crossing from Africa Middle Passage shows cruelties of plantations in the British Caribbean. Africans were herded on slave ships and branded with irons labels people property of owners.Portuguese also built sugar plantations in 1550’s off the coast of their Brazilian settlement colony, located on the island Sao Vincente. Portuguese and Spanish colonial presence in Caribbean Iberian Peninsula wealth cultivated cash crops.The economic boom of these plantations began colonizing remaining American territories to capitalize on the lucrative cultivation and trade of native’s natural resources. Sugar is the most important crop in Caribbean but other crops such as coffee, indigo, wheat and rice grown. The coastal sugae cane was best grown on the flat land near coastal waters as the soil was naturally yellow and fertile. The mountainous parts of islands were used for sugarcane cultivation industry. The coastal placement of commercial ports gave imperial states a geographic advantage to ship the crop throughout the transatlantic world. Sugar Slavery trading of the Africans highly profitable not paying slaves for enforced labour. Slaves lived in appalling conditions but masters indulged in excessive luxury by toils of slaves. Triangular trade profits prospered the West but underdeveloped blacks made poor despite the hardwork. Manufactured goods were traded to the West African coast for slaves, who were shipped to the sugar colonies by middle passage. Sugar, molasses, rum, shipped from these islands back into England.Sugar was the main crop produced on plantations throughout Caribbean in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Most of the islands were covered with sugar cane fields and mills for refining sugar. The main source of labour was enslaved Africans. After the abolition of slavery, indentured labourers from India, China, Java migrated to Caribbean to work on sugar plantations. Plantations produced 80 – 90% sugar used in Western Europe.Sugar enabled slave labour for profits with tragic consequences in Caribbean. Imperial powers forced West Africans to cultivate sugar by slaves. Exploited labour, natural world created imperial conflicts in these Caribbean regions. Use political and economic control they create to divide and rule people policy of animosity. Conflicts among English, Spanish, French and various indigenous people was used for territorial gain. European states exploited environment, resources so sugar production began to stagnate. Due loss of trees for timber in the sugar refinement process, European imperial powers competed and fought over Caribbean in middle 17th century.European settlers’ entry into Caribbean world caused changes. The indigenous populations died due to influx of world diseases of colonists. Population losses from 8.4 – 112.5 millions of these native populations cleared way for plantation industry and less conflict for Europeans and all these indigenous peoples tooColonial arrival of sugar cane culture impact societie’s economy in Caribbean. Increased ratio of slaves to freemen and increased the sizes of slave plantations. Sugar plantation use of slaves affected cash crop economies in cultivation. The large plantations with the slaves Africa imported worked on plantations. Prior to 1650 three-quarters of island’s population was of European descent. In 1680 plantation in Barbados increased to about 60 slaves. So sugar plantations expanded transatlantic trade prospers. In 1832, plantation in Jamaica had 150 slaves one in four lived with 250 slaves. About 100 years, Barbados was richest European colony in Caribbean region. Then sugar cane production expanded to larger colonies Saint-Domingue and Jamaica. Mass sugar industry sugarcane processed commodities: rum, molasses, and falernum. West India Interest was formed in 1740s by British merchants to West Indian sugar planters. British and West Indies shared profits or costs. needs. This first sugar-trading company was powerful in Parliament. In 1740s Jamaica and Saint Domingue or Haiti world’s main sugar producers. Increased production in St. Domingue used irrigation system French engineers built. Reservoirs, diverted dam levees aqueducts and canals. Improved mills and varieties of cane and grasses helped increase profits. St. Domingue in 19th century Haiti and Cuba sugar plantation Caribbean did better than British island.In the 19th century, sugar dominated Martinique, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Croix, Barbados, Leeward Islands, Saint Domingue, Cuba, and other island run by French, British, or Spanish owners. During late 19th and 20th centuries the sugar cane industry dominated Puerto Rico‘s economy by colonial rule of Spain and under United States. After slavery, sugar plantation labour was workers imported from colonial India, Southern China. In 20th century, large-scale sugar production using wage labour continued in many parts of the region. Sugar cane industry’s negative impact affected the environment as this industry grew in Caribbean countries. These include the destruction of forests, water pollution, loss of fertility, erosion of soils. These problems on a different scale in Dominican Republic in the 16th century; Lesser Antilles in 17th century; Jamaica, Haiti in 18th century, Cuba and Puerto Rico in 19th century. The nations impacted by sugar on the environment.The deterioration natural environment, had socio-economic consequences. And took its toll on Africans an integral part to cultivation, production of sugarcane. Slaves toiled in fields, boiling houses to supply huge amounts of labour sugar required. Four million slaves survived Caribbean sugar plantations. Conditions were harsh, mortality rates high through all stages of slaves’ lives. Some sugar colonie’s slave population ten times less than the European slave uprisings ever-present fear of planters. Slave trading highly profitable triangle of trade of Atlantic manufactured goods traded to West African coast for slaves shipped to sugar colonies of the middle passage and sugar, molasses, and rum were shipped from islands to England.Slavery in England deemed illegal since 1772. The slavery in sugar colonies was vigorously pursued in Parliament and publication throughout last quarter of eighteenth century to time of abolition of trade in 1807, emancipation in 1833. Abolitionists arguments against slavery was support in England and in America. Abolitionist movement boycotted slave-grown sugar by protests is celebrated as key component of abolition’s success.Boycott from writings to educate sugar is derived from blood, sweat and tears of slaves pollutes the body. The planters by prospect of abolition emancipation, attack on their financial interests, place in empire argued in favour of slavery.William Beckford, large-scale Jamaican planter wrote about the island unable to inherited plantation debt. Plantations profit dwindled by later plantation era so planters were compensated for their loss of earnings. Slaves never received compensations, restitution or apology. Instead suffer racism from the people who sent ships thousand of miles to drag them from their homeland into strange lands. Many slaves after the wars were sent from America to Liberia and Sierra Leone in western Africa.It was a problem their roots could not be traced having been renamed by force despite protests of Kunta Kinte. Natives discriminated against them because they were not indigenous citizens. And residue from slavery and colonialism is institutional racism still directed black people today.Invincible chain of slavery, colonialism racism hatred propaganda promote the harassment of black people. Western countries built by slave labour, natural resources usurped controlled by West. African economies are still owned by Western nations exploiting resources. Yet conqueror parasites play the victim despite depending on African slavery and ccolonialism. Kings like Prempeh exiled to Sierra Leone and Seychelles for resisting slavery and colonialism. Nelson Mandela was incarcerated many years others like Lumumba killed for fighting back. Kwame Nkrumah was toppled by coup detat directed by West replaced by stooges to control Africans. Africans enslaved and those colonised are both victims of the West exploiting them. African resources: diamond, gold, in Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Songhai empire Mansa Musa Aldrisi supersized gold tied to horse taken by whites. Gold abundant it was dished out freely to loyal citizens. Gold taken over as diamonds. Africans did not gain from slavery to enrich the kings as people claim. But stripped of natural resources owned by Western countries. Africa never had economic independence is still controlled by the Western nations today. West markets all finished goods processed from natural resources from Africa back to Africans. Forced dependency on West sabotages Africa’s self-sufficiency stops revenues of multibillions of dollars for the West. Average person consumes 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar a year or 33.1 kilograms (73 lb) in Western developed countries, over 260 food calories per day. As sugar consumption grew in the 20th century, a diet high in refined sugar damages human health. Excessive consumption causes obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and tooth decay. The World Health Organization recommend adults and children reduce their intake of sugar to less than 10% encouraged to reduce to below 5%, total energy intake.
Coffee global originated from Ethiopia as earliest evidence of coffee drinking and knowledge of the coffee tree spread from early 15th century. Africans grow coffee harvested, grounded and drank by families as tropical crops. Coffee spread as commodity for trade from Ethiopia Horn of Africa to Yemen Arabia Felix monks monasteries spreading into Mecca and Cairo. Goats were seen hyper stimulated inspired coffee concoction born long ago in the mountains of Ethiopia. Legend says that Kaldi saw his excited herd dancing after eating coffee cherry berry, 16th century reached rest of Middle East, South India (Karnataka), Persia, Turkey to rest of Horn of Africa and northern Africa. Coffee spread to Balkans, Italy, the rest of Europe, Southeast Asia and Americas despite ban imposed in the 15th century by religious leaders in Mecca and Cairo, and later by the Catholic Church.Coffee spread from Ethiopian ancestors of today’s Kaffa Province name of coffee, the first to recognize energizing effects of native coffee plant. So the tribesmen consumed as hunters on days-long treks benefitting from coffee plant’s ability to quell hunger and provide more energy. Studies of genetic diversity of Coffea arabica varieties retained the residual heterozygosity from ancestral materials, diploid species Coffea canephora and C. liberica. Oral history direct evidence has indicated Africans coffee grow among other crops natives used as stimulant so known earlier spread into seventeenth century. Original domesticated coffee plant from Harar, native population use derived from Ethiopia distinct is found populations in Sudan and Kenya.Coffee is native to tropical Africa but its Brazil that is the world’s largest coffee producing country. Vietnam, Colombia are second and third biggest producers. Coffee was traded through Middle East, Asia and Europe before its taken to the Americas by European colonizers. The crop’s success there depended on slave trade. The history of coffee recognizes racism and the role of colonialism. The history of coffee has a dark side of the exploitation of Western countries taking advantage of the African countries. And multibillion multinational corporations making so much profit but don’t invest in these countries of the supply chains. Mark Pendergrast, author of Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee And How It Transformed Our World. In late 1700s, European colonial powers recognized coffee’s profitability. Demand for coffee drinks was high in European countries and their colonies established profitable estates. European companies imported Africa slave labour on plantations in the Caribbean, Asia, and Americas in Trans Atlantic Triangular Slave Trade.Mark Pendergrast, author of Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee And How It Transformed Our World. In late 1700s, European colonial powers recognized coffee’s profitability. Demand for coffee drinks was high in European countries and their colonies established profitable estates. European companies imported Africa slave labour on plantations in the Caribbean, Asia, and Americas in Trans Atlantic Triangular Slave Trade.Barbados and Jamaica were some of the earliest British colonies as slave traders provided outposts with human labour from Africa to work on sugar and coffee plantations. Goods and people moved in a triangle between West Africa, colonies in Caribbean and Americas and Europe.San Domingo in French-occupied Haiti was supplying half of the world’s coffee in 1788 as a direct result of slave labour. Living conditions was appalling, slaves underfed, overworked and housed in the windowless huts. The African slaves were beaten, tortured or killed by their white European rulers.Napoleon tried to regain Haiti in early 1800s led to decline in coffee production prompted the Dutch to fill the gap with coffee produced in their own colony of Java, Indonesia. But has rigid hierarchy between the native Javanese and their colonial overlords. Laziness and apathy of Dutch landowners forced Javanese natives to harvest coffee for a pittance, whole villages died of starvation.UK drinks 95 million cups of coffee day with 500,000 tonnes of waste coffee grounds a year. Some business’s small waste coffee grounds customers to take home as garden fertiliser or homemade exfoliant. Wet coffee grounds waste into landfill in UK tax £88.95/tonne to £94.15 from 1st April 2020 levy operators cost to collection fee. Waste management companies charge for contaminated dry mixed with recycling. Landfill harmful greenhouse gases such as methane 34 times more potent than carbon dioxide over a 100 year period causing climate change. The wet coffee grounds in an anaerobic digestion plant absent of oxygen microorganisms break down biodegradable material managing waste or producting fuel but grounds sink to bottom in ‘belly’ inhibit rate of biomethane production. Waste grounds incinerated energy generation, not best usel. Bio-bean utilise wet coffee grounds waste recycled bio-products by disposal recycling service generate savings for businesses saving emission as bio-fuel.Coffee declined in the West Indies but it thrived in Latin America. So first coffee bush in Brazil was planted by Francisco de Melo Palheta in Pará in 1727. Brazil became a coffee superpower under the rule of the Portuguese and continued to after independence. By the 1830s, coffee became Brazil’s largest export is around 30% of world coffee production.Brazilian coffee plantations used black or indigenous slave labour. Indentured labourers worked and lived in horrific conditions. Plantation owners treated their labourers as dispensable imported new slaves as they died from overwork. Did not treat existing slaves with any compassion most slaves last seven years from initial bondage.Brazil made slavery illegal in 1888, but four million slaves had been brought from Africa. In Latin America, coffee industry depended on the indigenous labour. Black people not used as slaves in Central American countries anymore, Mayans and other native peoples served as semi-slaves.The Mayans occupied best fertile lands for growing coffee and so increasingly became disenfranchized by colonial governments. Violently evicted by the military as the demand for coffee grew, forced to work land for the oppressors. Revolts and rebellions common during that time government brutality and the oppression was response.The coffee industry in Latin America explaining why the world is dominated by their coffee production. Slave labour no longer but paved the way for today’s industry. Many regions of Brazil and Colombia are now traditional coffee-growing areas with farming as main resource. Legacies of colonialism affect coffee supply chain in Latin America racial divide between farm owners and labourers.Millions of blacks in Latin America Asia, and Africa live in poverty producing the affordable coffee for Western markets. African coffee is the best in the world as Tropical Africa origin of coffee. But that continent not treated on same level of Latin America. Colonialism by former European colonies in Africa left without infrastructure or stable political system. Structural racism economic oppression exists in supply chain. Inequality in the coffee production, baristas, economics. Education, politics of coffee-producing regions of the community in producing countries must contribute to improving sustainability, working conditions, and quality of life for people globally.The Argan coffee like Ethiopian Coffee, Nepal coffee grown on Himalayan climate is ideal for coffee growing. The aroma of brewed coffee fragrance, coffee’s global recognition beans, grown in Nuwakot, a scored 90 points on a scale of 50 to 100 in Coffee Review, California-based trade magazine. In first-ever blind assessment Nepali coffee in Lekali is “savoury sweet in structure with gentle acidity; crisp, satiny mouthfeel.” Concluded the coffee is worth seeking its confident savoury-sweet cup. In 2016, coffee produced by Greenland Organic Farm scored an 89 Specialty Coffee Association of America, California trade group Nepali coffee producers elevate quality of country’s beans to international standards.Nepali coffee’s in 2014, Banjara became Nepal’s first Q-grader trained in Xining in China. The West are calling coffee aficionados value beans’ from exotic origin to local cafe. Coffee companies create market for vacuum packed cans of coffee grounds and jars of instant coffee kitchens in the world, Nepal’s high-end market export coffee. Some claim goat eaten berry coffee also exist like Luwak kopi coffees. Nepal’s first national coffee cupping as Q-graders identify characteristics and flavour, quality of coffee beans. Eight of the world’s 10 highest peaks like Mount Everest Nepal ideal climate high-quality beans. Nepal’s Arabica variety Bourbon and Typica coffee grow on rolling, misty mountain slopes at altitudes from 800 meters to 1,600 meters. First introduced to the country by a monk in the middle of 20th century the crop supports 32,000 farmers in 40 of country’s 77 districts. It exports coffee but Coffee Review rating recognition gives them a much-needed boost in the international market.The world’s most expensive is Coffee alamid highly sought-after brew among coffee aficionados is “caviar” of coffee. Odour-free coffee alamid aroma, syrup texture, chocolate hint, coffee alamid’s clean aftertaste and flavour is processed by acid from stomach of animals eating coffee cherry berries. The coffee seeds remain intact undigested excreted as a faecal material collected, washed and is grounded as premier luxury coffee sells U$500 -U$1000 per pound. Kopi luwak one of most expensive coffees in world. Vietnamese weasel coffee collecting coffee beans eaten by wild civets in India. Luwak coffee kopi luwak of Java Indonesia is second best. But traders of this type of coffee exploit animals by caging, feeding them solely on coffee beans instead on an enriched variety of diets in wild more suitable to thrive. The tourists travel to see caged animals in action oblivious to animal rights issues involved in most expensive coffee processs. A cup of coffee cost $80 per cup in the tourist epic centres.
Mark Pendergrast: Uncommon Grounds, History of Coffee & How It Transformed Our World.
Sprudge.com, The Question of Racism
The palm kernel is the edible seed of the oil palm fruit. The fruit yields two distinct oils: palm oil derived from the outer parts of the fruit, and palm kernel oil derived from kernel. Four types of products from palm fruits are palm oil palm kennel oil, palm kernel husk or fibre, palm kernel sludge and palm kernel shell crushed used as a biofuel from palm kernel nuts. The production of fats and oils from vegetable sources is the process of extraction of vegetable oils, pulp oils produced close to location of oil fruit tree. Pre-treatment of a palm fruit is cooked and the fruit is separated from bunch stalk. The oil is extracted by pressing, stirring by hand centrifuged. The extracted pressed oils can be used for cooking and dried and pulp used as combustible material. Red Palm Oil in a semi solid state at room temperature is turned liquid at a warm temperature of the body and reduces build up of artery clogging plaques. Substituting other fats and oils for Red Palm Oil reduces bad cholesterol. Only 2 tablespoons full of a Red Palm Oil a day needed to benefit from healthy positive effects. Too much greasy oil food causes bad cholesterolRed edible palm oil is a very nutritious cooking oil is used by West Africans for years. It is known for the high contents of Vitamin E with more distinctive anti-oxidant benefits for our health. Palm oil is the flag ship product for export since 1950’s for the West Africans in diaspora as niche product. The benefits of edible palm oil provides the energy needed for production of palm kernel oil process yields used edible fats, soaps candles.Palm oil is used for cooking oil, soaps, candles, margarines, candy. A healthy conscious people concerned about an atherosclerosis stay away from foods rich in saturated fats. Palm is used in confectionery, pharmaceutical, perfume industries. The pulp left after oil from the kernel is formed into “palm kernel cake” fibre used as high-protein feed for dairy cattle or burned in their boilers to generate electricity for palm oil mills or surrounding villages. Palm oil is mixed with clay straw built castles in places.Palm oil vegetable oil is grouped into a category broadly as follows. Seed oils from palm oil germ fibre are used after extracting palm oil and palm kernel oils. Palm fruit oil and palm kennel oil both as the world’s most produced oil. Palm oil is forecast is world’s most produced and internationally traded edible oil.
Apart from being use as cooking oil, Palm Oil also found in an astonishing range of processed foods and cosmetics.Supermarket products contains palm oil as part . Engineers targeting for the use of agro fuels in Europe, China or North America are making palm oil a hotter commodity. Palm Oil is used to produce biodiesel. Manual processing of palm oil for centuries takes place globally. Whole villages are known for palm plantation and palm oil production globally. Their community has abundant palm trees so palm products plays prominent roles. The palm fruit is sold in market used in the traditional method palm oil is done by hand involving many people. It is a long process from harvest of palm fruit to finished products. Millions of people use traditional processing to make palm oil. Authentic original palm processing boils, pounds fruits separated from the kennel seeds and the fibre. The husk is compressed and used as fire enhancer or straws to build castles by the Whites.The villagers work in teams together to ensure palm oil is processed on time to keep its excellent quality in a fresh good condition. Machines are introduced to combine with these manual processing of many small scale industries. A latest developed palm fruit processing gadget technology modified mechanical palm oil or kernel extraction process today. It involves separation of the digested fruit mash to palm oil and palm nut. Pressed separated pulp from palm oil extraction is used as mosquito repellent in villages smoke filled room.Dried palm kennel nuts cracked open is processed into palm kennel oil. Kennel shell is used for firewood or charcoal by blacksmiths and for cooking in a hearth fireplace. Often some Palm trees grow for many years until it is so tall climbed by expert tree climbers for harvest. The palm fruit is also processed cold press or raw palm fruits used. Palm oil from a raw palm fruit is not as tasty as a boiled palmfruit. Adds special seasoning spices or herbs to enhance the aroma flavour of cooked palm oil. Then cooked dregs are filtered and eaten as a palm oil dip with yams, cassava cocoa, plantain. And the highly nutritious oil full of vitamins. The purified oil is sold to many people globally. Raw palm oil enhanced to taste by frying onions, spices to make stews. Palm oil is used in many recipes and is popular globally. The kernel cake is also used in ovens to cook food. Palm kernel cake is produced by economical screw press, less than more expensive solvent extraction. It is processed by small scale industries or the home made equipment from scrap metal pressed, using stones to weight it down. The compact fibre is used under plants to protect from heat, drought to moisten soil. Oil palm is big business. Palm kernel cake high-fibre is medium grade protein feed by product of palm oil ruminants. Fodders of palm kernel cake is ranked little higher than cake and husk. Composed of 16% fiber, palm kernel cake has high phosphorus to calcium ratio and contains essential elements as magnesium, iron or zinc. The typical ration formulated for the feeding of dairy cattle consists of palm kernel cake (50%), molasses (5%), grass hay (42%), limestone (1.5%), mineral premix (1%), and salt (0.5%), with trace element/vitamin premix.Oil palm fibre is equivalent to coconut fiber at competitive price. Oil palm fiber non-hazardous biodegradable material extracted from oil palm’s empty fruit bunch (EFB) through uses decortation process. The fibers are clean and non-carcinogenic, free from pesticides and soft parenchyma cells. Palm fibres are versatile, stable processed into various dimensional grades to suit the specific applications such as mattress cushion production, erosion control and for soil stabilization / compaction, landscaping, horticulture, ceramic used in the brick manufacturing, thermoplastic filler, flat board manufacturing, paper production acoustics control, livestock care, and is a compost or fertilizer, animal feed, etc. Sumptuous palm fruit soup recipes are major meals eaten with fufu, banku or gari, Kenkey. By product of Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) are used for Wood plastic Medium Density Fibre board (MDF), for Erosion control, landscaping. Leading producers of palm oil in world oil palm fiber abundantly resources. Oil palm fiber used in different areas common usage is in asphalt mixes. The Oil Palm Fiber is extracted from the palm oil vascular bundles in empty fruit bunch (EFB). In the manufacturing process of Palm Fiber, EFB shredded, separated, refined and dried. The manufacturing process does not involve any chemical reaction or exposure so material clean so non-toxic. Economic environmental benefits tapped from oil palm industry waste for Energy and Green Technology. Right innovative technology potential in generating electricity with the economic and environmental benefits from biogas and biomass. Palm Oil Mills earn money converting biomass EFB to higher-value renewable fuels chemicals, reducing greenhouse gas emissions.Palm fruit bunches (FFB) are processed raw uncooked as soon as possible after cutting down from the trees to prevent rapid rise in free fatty acids (FFA) affect quality of crude palm oil (CPO). Palm oil mills located in the plantations facilitate timely transportation effective processing of FFB. Palm oil mills located in palm oil milling process of physical extraction of palm products crude palm oil, palm kernel from FFB. The process begins with sterilization of the FFB. The fruit bunches steamed in pressurized vessels and fatty acids prepared fruits for sub-processing. Bunches stripped of fruit in rotating drum thresher stripped bunches or empty fruit bunches (EFB) transported to plantation for mulching so fruits conveyed to press digesters.Palm fruits heated using live steam and is stirred to loosen oil-bearing mesocarp from the nuts to break open the oil cells in the mesocarp. The mash is pressed to extract oil by means of screw presses so the pressed cake is conveyed to kernel plant and kernels are recovered. The oil from the press is diluted and pumped to vertical clarifier tanks. The clarified oil is fed to the purifiers to remove dirt and moisture dried in the vacuum drier. The clean dry oil is ready for storage and is despatched. The sludge from clarifier sediment is fed into a bowl centrifuged for further oil recovery. The recovered oil is recycled to clarifiers so the water / sludge Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) is treated in effluent treatment plant (ETP) further. The press cake is conveyed to depericarper where the fiber and nuts are separated. Fiber is burned as fuel in boiler to generate steam as nuts cracked shell and kernel separated by winnower and hydro-cyclone. Then clean kernels are dried prior to storage for oil later.Palm oil production in metric tons of oil by industries and small-scale processors contribute to 60% crude of the palm oil production. Most countries are not self-sufficient in fats and oils for industrial consumption. The palm oil produced by small-scale processors are utilized by the larger scale industries explored and causes identified the way to address the situation assessed. And the practices of small-scale oil palm fruit processors has shown storage of palm fruits for a long period before boiling. Then disposed of effluent into drains using spent tyres for boiling fruits clarification of oil. 54% of processors store palm fruits weeks by processing, fermentation, to increase extractability and reduce labour costs. Storage period of quality affect quantity of seasonal oil content of oil palm fruits. Innovation in small-scale oil palm fruit processing will improve quality of life.The history of palm oil production dates back thousands of years, with the oldest record of its use from 3,000 BC. In late 1800s archaeologists discovered palm oil in a tomb located in Abydos, Egypt. It is believed Arab traders brought the oil to Egypt. A fresh fruit bunch (FFB). The variety shown in this picture is called Tenera. Palm oil is extracted from each of the individual fruits contained on the bunch. In 3.000 BC the mass of several kilograms of palm oil found in a vessel enclosed in a tomb at Abydos. In Middle 15th Century written records of palm oil used as a local food source by European travelers to West Africa. By 16th & 17th Century red palm oil an important item in the developing trade network used in supplying caravans or ships of Atlantic slave trade. In the 18th Century British industrial revolution created a palm oil demand for candle-making or lubricant for machines supplied by exports from West Africa. In 19th Century European run plantations set up in Central Africa and Southeast Asia traded the palm oil.In 1902 Germans invested in Cameroon after the discovery of the Tenera breed of palm oil. This high-yielding breed is used today in large-scale plantations. In 1910 Palm oil introduced to Malaysia by a Scotsman named William Sime and an Englishman Henry Darby. Between 1940 and 1960 technological improvement in edible oil refining and transport driven use of unrefined unhydrogenated palm oil in western foods. 1970-1990 Malaysia emerged as the worlds largest palm oil producer. By 1990 global production of palm oil reached more than 11 million metric tonnes. Palm oil primary source of dietary fat for countless people has nutritional and healing properties. It is recognised for generations till modern medicine arrived. Red palm oil was the remedy of choice for nearly all illness in many parts of Africa. If someone is sick they drank a cup full of palm oil. Many people in villages rely on such age-old method of treatment. And Palm oil is regarded essential diet for pregnant and nursing women for assured good health of mother and child. Scientists recognise value of red palm oil in treatment or prevention of diseases. Scientific presentation International Conference Centre Birmingham Biomedical Science Congress, Dr. Oluwafemi O. Oguntibeju, Department, Biomedical Sciences, said. Faculty of Health & Wellness Sciences, Cape Peninsula University, Technology, Bellville Campus, South Africa further elucidated potential of red palm oil in moderation in the healing process body.
Scientifically palm oil Elaeis Guineensis is super abundantly used in West Africa. Archaeological evidence on the palm oil consumption was found in Egypt over 5000 years ago. Essentially contains rich naturally balanced mixture of saturated monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats providing high level of bioavaliable nutrients than other vegetable sources. Like coconut, olive oil, palm oil is rich in medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), that mobilise body fat stores,increasing the metabolic rate as great source of energy. Palm oil is a rich source of antioxidants, especially Vitamin E. Health benefits of Vitamin E are known but Vitamin E has a complex constituents broken into the two groups of: tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) and the tocotrienols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta). While alpha tocopherol form most commonly marketed as Vitamin E, full spectrum of tocoperols and tocotrienols are required for optimal assimilation. And the super-antioxidant tocotrienols are important for optimal health. Natural antioxidants free radical plays the protective role in cellular aging, atherosclerosis, cancer, arthritis and Alzheimer’s disease.Researchers believe the tocopherols and tocotrienols together provide necessary constituents to help limit damage from heart attack. Red palm oil supplies fatty acids essential for proper growth and development packed with assortment of vitamins, antioxidants, phytonutrients important for good health. So red colour comes from carotenes or beta-carotene and lycopene nutrients in tomatoes and carrots, other fruits, vegetables rich red and orange colours. Carotene’s valuable nutrients and powerful antioxidants are important because body converts into Vitamin A essential nutrient. Vitamin A deficiency can cause blindness, weaken bones, lower immunity, affect learning ability and mental function. Vitamin A in animal foods expensive some vegans want ban or cruelty in animal habitats. Carotenes in fruits and palm vegetables supply needed Vitamin A in adequate amount of the fat consumed. Carotenes fat converted into Vitamin A. People need healthy product palm fat in small doses. Around 90% of palm oil is used in food culinary purposes in the cosmetics, shampoos and soaps. Palm oil popular biofuel. Traditional African medicine uses these Elaeis guineensis as laxative stimulates production of urine, poison antidote, can cure gonorrhoea, treat skin infection. But not harmless as studies link palm oil to cardiovascular diseases. To produce palm oil the fruit is collected from trees, which live average of 28 to 30 year. If trees grow too high it is difficult to reach fruit so cut down to make room for new trees contributing to the deforestation of the rainforests.Palm nut fiber separator machine and the palm fiber polishing machine called palm nut fibre separator machine.The palm nut fibre separator machine is an inclined cylindrical revolving machine used for separating the palm nuts from fibers. These palm nut fibre separators machine have screens in various sizes from which fibers escape, leaving nuts behind. The separated nuts are collected in cylindrical screen and bottom. Work principle of palm nut fiber separator machine: The palm nut fiber separator machine inclined cylindrical revolving machine heaves all around suitable size screen from fibres but palm nuts do not escape. Travelling mixture from upper end to lower end of the machine fibres escape from cylindrical screen as palm nuts are collected from the lower end of the nut fibre separator.Palm nut fiber separator is produced by Henan Doing Company to sell to small scale industries. Larger and heavier duty industrial machines exist churning tons if palm fibre in the processing of pal oil. Fibres are used in the boiler as fuel. Palm nuts are sold out to palm kernel oil mill where they crack palm nuts to get palm kernels extract so palm kernels used for palm kernel oil.Palm nuts are used in a palm kernel oil mill plant for extracting palm kernel oil. Palm kernel cracked, separated by machine cleaning crushing, cooking and pressing. Small scale palm oil mill plant palm nut fiber separator machine is dispensable. Those who want to get palm kernel oil expand production with enough budget can buy palm nut fiber separator machine. Palm kernel cracking and separating machine.Palm nut fibre separator machine is a next process palm kernel oil processing machine for palm kernel cracking and separating machine. This palm kernel cracking and separating machine is also specially and newly developed to be used for cracking and separating palm nuts. It consists of palm nuts cracking machine, palm nuts kernel separator machine. Palm nuts cracking machine is mainly applicable for dividing the palm kernels into the outer hard shell with high efficiency. The palm nuts kernel separating machine is for separating the palm nuts kernels from the cracked shells clearly and completely. Despite modern industrial developments of this technology majority of people still use ancient traditional harvesting of palm fruit and processing manually. Involves the whole family or a cooperative small scale industry in their communities. Yet some campaign to curb overuse of lands destroying habitats of over 200 species of animals. Professional palm kernel oil extraction machine palm kernel crusher and separator also reduce employment as fewer people needed compared to the manual process. Overall palm oil is a good investment if properly managed. The other side of the coin is tons of the one use only plastic container wastes if not recycled for other purposes.
Isaiah texts found in the Qumran caves in Israel talk about Jesus blessings in the last days. Messiah Jesus will establish His rule over Jerusalem as center of all world government for Jews and Gentiles in Isaiah 2:2–4, 11:10, 42:1. In the last days mountain of the LORD’s Temple will be established as highest of all mountains. Exalted above hills, and all nations will stream to there. The law will go out from Zion word of LORD from Jerusalem in Isaiah 2:2–3. Israel in endtimes of GREAT TRIBULATION and great distress in Matthew 24:16-21. After 62 weeks Messiah cut off by the people of the prince who destroyed city and the sanctuary. Isaiah 14:1 says God will fully restore Israel with Gentiles grafted in and their Covenant land restored.They make covenant with many for one week but in middle of week puts end to sacrifice and offering. The abomination sacrilege destroy but God’s annihilation poured on one who destroys’” in Daniel 9:26,27. GREAT TRIBULATION prophecy of Daniel, Jesus and John in Revelations are days of great testing, trial hardships. God sends Elijah, Moses and 144,000 to evangelise in GREAT TRIBULATION so countless multitudes will be saved. But it is such desperate times, people will go into caves, rocks holes on earth because of the fear of God’s wrath. The earth is shaken by earthquakes, storms, tsunami fires, volcanoes floods etc. That DAY will cast away idols and go in clefts of rocks and crevices because of the fear of God rising to shake earth in Isaiah 2: 19-21.In time of GREAT TRIBULATION as Jesus foretold the world will face adversities in Matthew 24:25 “There will be signs in the sun, moon, stars on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity. The sea and waves roaring; 26 men’s hearts failing them from fear and expectation of things coming on earth for powers of heavens will be shaken. 27 They will see the Son of Man coming in CLOUD with POWER and GREAT GLORY. 28 When these things happen, look up lift up your heads your redemption is near, says Luke 21:25-28. God’s SOVEREIGN plan brings justice to end evil on earth to stop the persecution hatred of Jews and the Gentiles grafted in. People will try to escape God’s wrath so beg to die unable to do so, “and say to mountains, “Cover us to hills “Fall on us in Hosea 10:8. Kings of earth, great men, nobles, rich, mighty, slave, free, hides in caves, rocks, mountain from the FACE of ONE seated on THRONE from Wrath of Lamb Jesus on GREAT DAY of WRATH in confirms the Bible in Revelation 6:15-17.That DAY people seek death don’t find it death flees from them in Revelation 9:6. Isaiah prophecy on God’s WRATH, Jesus Jeremiah, prophets true. Jesus says, This happens but not yet end in Matthew 24 : 6. GREAT TRIBULATION to happen since beginning of world not happen again in Matthew 24:21. In GREAT TRIBULATION of those DAYS sun is darkened, moon not give light, stars fall from heaven and powers of heavens will be shaken by God in destructions. Then Sign of Son of Man will appear in heaven as all tribes on earth will mourn and SEE the Son of Man coming in cloud of heaven in POWER and GREAT GLORY. God will send His angels with the great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other in Matthew 24:29-31. The great DAY of God coming is a DAY of wrath, troubles and distress, devastating storm, desolation, gloom, clouds thick darkness and alarm against fortified cities and high towers. Isaiah 53:4-5 prophesied “Surely Jesus bore our griefs and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him. And with His stripes we are healed. Christ Jesus came to save headland deliver all who accept Him. But Time of distress for mankind oblivious to sin against God their blood poured out like dust and flesh like dung. Their silver or gold unable to save on the DAY of God’s WRATH on earth in Zephaniah 1:14-18. God’s believers don’t be afraid on a DAY for all those who reject Jesus’ salvation. Time will be up if they don’t repent and and seek God for Mercy and forgiveness and salvation in Christ. Jesus Reigns on earth from Mount Zion headquarters in Israel. So saints, kings, queens in God’s Eternal Kingdom rule, Second Coming physically in Jerusalem millennial ruleGod says PRAY for the PEACE of Jerusalem in Psalm 122:6-9: “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: ‘May those who love you be secure. May there be peace within your walls and security within your citadels.’ For the sake of my brothers and friends, I will say, ‘Peace be within you.’ For the sake of the house of the LORD our God, I will seek your prosperity.” Praying for peace and good to come to God’s HOLY CITY also benefits those who PRAY. God promised blessings on those who bless Israel and curses on those who curse Israel Genesis 12:3. Jerusalem is center of God’s Kingdom to Jews first and to all Gentiles who follow Jesus. Pray for her peace, security and God’s intervention.
Fire has not taken our souls and that is all that really counts,” Garcia said. “We have people left is more important than any things,” Jones said. But we have lost everything we had because the fire took everything but has not taken our souls and that’s all that really counts,” Garcia said. In the midst of fire adversity and a tragedy is poignant symbols reminding people to be strong in spite of problems. Most going back after the fire destroyed thousands of homes plus other facilities will rebuild the entire town of Paradise. The town was enveloped by “firestorm rained hell down,” said Butte the county sheriff, Kory Honea. There was no time to save whole town because fire spread at the rate greater than a football field in a minute. Focus turned into rescuing people from houses overtaken by flame and Jerry Garcia’s wife, Sharon, wasn’t interested in returning to the town they lived for decades but changed her mind planning on returning to rebuild new Paradise town. Isaiah 43:2 says you pass through the waters God is with you and when you pass through floods it will not overflow you and when you go into fire, it will not burn you. So survivors of fire have been rescued alive despite risks to their lives. Biblical unnatural wildfires are hard to contain due to combination of factors. Bible Signs of the end times of Biblical last days end time prophecy predict fires so complex beyond natural seasonal fires regularly contained. The property and life destroyed by fire and flood really damages communities. Yet in spite of all these natural disasters of earthquakes, floods, wildfires in Bible prophecy news people have hope. And news reports every week talks about a disaster of hurricanes, storms, tempests, fire and flood, disasters by sea and land, globally. Isaiah 43:2 predicts you to pass through the waters, through the floods and fire but God is with you. I can hear you screaming if God is with you why did HE not prevent you passing through the floods or driving, walking through a fire. Floods, fires, famines, droughts and pestilence are the four horsemen riding bringing these upon the earth predicted in the Book of Revelations in the Bible. The coming storms of extreme weather and climate changes intensify terrifying with harzards in the future preceding Rapture and later the Second Coming of Jesus. Apocalypse doomsday tribulation is going since the time of Christ but now floods, tornadoes, locusts are part of the end time birth pangs. Apocalypse, final judgment of man and destruction of the world by fire in Bible imagery is a real event on earth. All people are affected whether religious or not floods, fires, storms, unusual seven thunders in Bible prophecy demands the attention of all the people on the earth. Bible signs are these startling events floods hurricanes, tornadoes, in earthquakes, casualties by sea and land. The Bible says one-third of trees, people will perish due to weather fuelling fires in the last days. Fires get worse due to complex building material and high tech lifestyle links community the houses and closeness of homes. The Word of God warns that the heavens and earth existing are stored up for fire, but kept until the day of judgment and destruction of Great / Tribulations. It is the warning to heed and take seriously because structures must be designed to limit damage to life and property. Fires from thunders, earthquake, hurricane, floods are unpredictable. This is why it is good to prepare for survival or those who lost lives their souls to go back into heaven. This is not the time to be angry at God to blame HIM because thousands of years of warning is given to prepare against such times. Whether religious or not God does what he forewarned and it affects unbelievers lives too. Camp fire named by road near origin is the most destructive fire in state history and the deadliest killing so many people and still so many more unaccounted for. More than 10,000 homes is destroyed by the fire largely in the Paradise town of 27,000. Also gone are 366 commercial buildings and a third of town’s schools. There is so much to rebuild, but before that can begin, authorities must finish sifting through the ashes to find what’s left of those who didn’t make it out in time. Some may never be recovered and returning evacuees may find remains if authorities missed some sheriff warned. Still, residents are eager to return home, or at least to the rubble that remains. So how does a town nearly wiped off maps rise from the ashes? It’s a question with no easy answers. Since disaster began, local government officials emphasized the commitment to rebuilding the town, though its location means fire is always a risk. But it will probably take at least five to 10 years to restore the town, and it takes longer for individual residents, said Robert B Olshansky, an expert in post-disaster recovery. Rescue workers search areas to discover the suspected human remains in homes destroyed by Camp Fire Friday in Paradise California. “I’m confident they’re going to rebuild but it’s going to be tough,” Olshansky said. “The people there five years from now may not be same ones now. There are going to be a lot of households for whom it may still be a disaster.”Like pure gold, the refiner’s fire remove dross for a more beautiful and better buildings than before. This refining is to strengthen the enduring human soul or spirit as overcomers in life. Zechariah 13:9 says a third will be through fires to refine them like pure silver to test them as gold is tested. The spirit of grace and of supplications will help those look up to God to deliver and sustain them. And Isaiah 48:10 also states I refined you not as silver and tested you in fire to refine you in the furnace of suffering. Tests by the fire of suffering as silver is refined in a furnace. Like a refiner’s fire people are tested like exams are for promotion to higher spiritual level by the believers desiring God. And the painful sufferings are temporary on the earth compared to the joyful experience of victory. As fire strengthens bricks or wood, silver, gold, God refines mankind as Daniel and friends joined by Jesus in Babylon Iraq survived. Physical fire becomes a symbol of redemption testing a faithful believer to prove love and confidence in God. As Jesus was in the fire with Daniel so by Holy Spirit’s POWER of God, some survived location, speed, help, support of others. Christians who died, the souls go straight to God in heaven for absence from body means presence with God. So Jesus told believers, I advise you to buy from Me gold refined by fire to become spiritually rich, wear white garments, and clothe yourself in righteousness and holiness. God accepts people as they are so call upon God in Jesus Name.The town cannot be rebuilt in the way it was federal officials warned the county, but some have hopeful vision for future. Newer schools, a sewer system instead of outdated septic tanks to be safer from fires. “If we are going to rebuild, we are going to rebuild community where this never happens,” said former fire chief’s town evacuation operation coordinator, Jim Broshears. The risk of fire is always present in forest area, high in the Sierra foothills and surrounded by canyons on two sides. The town experienced at least four evacuations due to fire in 10 years. Close to 200 homes lost in 2008 fires. But this was a worst-case scenario. Now, as community prepares to rebuild it must construct safer, more modern buildings, and perhaps look at how its forests are managed, Broshears said. “We have an opportunity to build forest in the model of pre-European settlement conditions,” Broshears said. That is going to be more resilient forest. Currently, the western sierras densely wooded not necessarily the best model for forests to get through fires, said Thomas Scott an expert on wildfire at the University of California, Berkeley. That’s because second-growth forests, woodland regrown after harvest carry fire further and faster than trees there before. Ideas of a pre-Columbian forest generally means not suppressing early summer fires, and removing some younger trees to create a more widely spaced forest. Forest management is not about harvesting trees, but thinning the forest to protect the community. “You get back a more pre-Columbian forest then that means it’s less likely to trap all those people in the town,” Scott said. Even with that approach there will still be fires, they would just be less likely to start at the crest of the sierras and stop at the Central Valley, he said. Fire is a process Californians live with, manage and stop thinking of as a foe, Scott said. The Paradise fire is special case because of sufficient fuels around the city which let the fire come in number of different ways,” Scott said. So homeowners can make properties less vulnerable to fire, ensuring roof not flammable with dried leaves, vegetation or creating defensible space. Fires driven by strong wind can’t be fought but with most fuel in the area burned up Paradise probably safe from fire for awhile but not forever and the rest of the state at risk most of the year. Not wanting to sound heartless, has to accept if you live in burnable landscape, climate changing may be “when” house burns not “if” a house burns,” Scott said. The new Paradise rebuilding starts once the fire, currently burning 221 sq miles at 45% containment, is extinguished, and then hazardous ash and rubble cleaned up, it could take about a year. Butte county is advising residents on what to do when they return but they acknowledge could be weeks or months away. There is almost no gas, electricity, safe water and no emergency services, police station and fire station survived as did the town hall. Air is hazardous, with risk of falling tree limbs ongoing, and what’s left of homes, incinerated belongings and kitchen appliances are probably toxic. Residents are permitted to return but few will have anywhere to stay. The fire destroyed town so chances of successful rebuilding is much higher compared with other natural disasters, Olshansky said, thanks to insurance. As support from state, federal government loans, funding of a Federal Emergency Management Agency, will aid the town in recovery. Including constructing new public buildings Paradise unified school district lost three of nine schools, others sustained significant damage to rebuild. Before the fire residents approved $61m bond to fund buildings and equipments updates. Until students return to schools still standing, district looking at online programs Superintendent Michelle John said. Other school districts volunteered to take additional students. The rescue worker use cadaver dogs as they search Paradise Gardens apartments for more victims of the Camp fire in Paradise on Friday. Schools are key, Olshansky said; residents typically return to areas hit by disaster if schools continue to operate. Challenge in Santa Rosa communities hit by last year’s Tubbs fire, destroyed 3,000 homes. And so finding qualified contractors to rebuild the schools and homes damaged in Paradise estimated at least two to three times Santa Rosa experience, mayor, Jody Jones, said. “So having enough capable contractors to go round not slow things down building is challenge,” Olshansky said. Town is working on streamlining the process of building inspections and permits mayor said looking at support small businesses with high bankruptcy after disasters. It is thinking about the long-term’s tough, decisions the mayor added. The town’s council members, 17 police officers, and dozens of firefighters lost homes along with thousands of others so will rebuild. “We have people, more important than any things,” Jones said. Though lost the sentimental and highly valued material things but it has not taken our souls and that’s all that really counts,” Garcia said. “That’s why we’re going back.” What an amazing statement made because Jesus said real true life does not constitute the material possession accumulated. Years of hard work, sacrifices, generations of inheritance burnt down within last few days. Yet people still cling to love, hope assured knowing mourning may last for night season of painful loss or suffering but joy comes in the morning. May God strengthen the weak ones to help their unbelief and increase their faith in God in Christ. Above all, God does test run of to warn of worse unquenchable fires in hell and gnashing of teeth by groanings. These fires reveal preview of the worse fires of judgement of wrath of God. This is the time to decide to live for God to be in God’s Kingdom or to ignore God’s fire alarm warning hellfire not escaped. Do not let anyone deceive you a loving God will not punish by fire because Sodom and Gomorrah was burnt by fire. Live life to full but remember that you are created in God’s Image whether you are a believer or not, will one day in future face God’s future judgement. Take a full advantage as survivor, advise yourself you do not want to be anywhere near hell fire which is a million times hotter than the paradise fires. Faith in God and good fire insurance has buoyed Barbara Kramer, 79, whose two-bedroom home and car were destroyed. Apparently, lost everything but haven’t lost anything she said. “We’re Christians and everything we have belongs to the LORD so if it is gone, it’s just things.” Thanksgiving is a time of gratitude gratitude reflection for survival even if only in clothes on body. Thanksgiving gives hope of assurance to Trust GOD HIMSELF to provide again as HE did before. So is confident to rebuild but knew some don’t understand how one can lose everything they worked for their whole lives and not feel any loss of devastation sadness. Thank God for the ones with fire insurance taken care of so booked into a Hotels for weeks or as long as necessary. Others are in a make shift temporary accommodation at the moment trying to figure their future.
This outrageous statement is brought to our attention through debate by people discussing the direction of the world. It was argued George Orwell and Pascal, among great achievers and influencers never went to university yet successful. Some points made include these facts as follows: that education restricts natural wisdom and insists on compliance and conformity of students. One size fits all curriculum is not designed to promote natural skills, talents or abilities rather imposes views and propaganda agenda of a dominant culture. Regardless of the relevance of education to each student its compulsory to study pass assessed on league table to determine course of career. Generalised syllabus is market driven for sales and profit for lucrative exam boards which is another factor. So government funding based on category of subjects considered for grants means schools must present candidates for the courses without teachers and resources to qualify for allowance for the budget. Children’s subjects imposed on them for the sake of keeping up appearances but their certificates registered ‘failed’ even though hardly taught subjects. A school size matters too so their population size determines the amount school receives. Children incapable of reading, spelling, communicating by up to date academic standard copy subjects not taught so it seems performance is excellent in their school report. Teachers do performance related but struggle with children below average forced to learn. Exceptionally gifted talented children suffer because time for lessons too limited to motivate them at their level. Some are bored and lose interest or are homeschooled by a parent giving up career to teach them. It is the context of such extreme cases that frustrate students that they become an educated person. Hoping to get a job to earn income or take loans to continue higher and further education. Despite a life choice in either direction education is still not considered enough to meet all needs of everyone in society. The elite view is that education is the key to life to solve all problems. Get so cross when others don’t take such view of education as they do due to a sense of entitlement. People talk of culture of entitlement by those who live on benefits but the elite has its own entitlement culture. They think because they studied at particular University or a specific subject it means they understand the world better than a ‘plebeians.’ They think they are superior so their view should prevail. They also think they are morally superior because they hold views they are told, virtuous. Anyone who appears not to subscribe to these views considered a sinner or else appallingly misled by some other evil force. It is outrageous to elite works of “devil” should prevail against them. It is they who are virtuous so knows best as the chosen ones. Their views or ideas they impose on others they expect and intend to prevail whether society likes it or not. This basic fundamental belief is the construct of education as if every other culture is tabula rasa non-existent blank society waiting to be civilised. It is such condescending biased views some responses complained damages diverse cultures in society. Forced, suppressed and the subdued by compulsory subjects to tow the line of only civilised society. History is always written by victors from their point of view portraying victims as perpetrators. Underlying fear is that subdued cultures will find way to overcome suppression to make new life for themselves without total dependence on dominant culture. Their economies will collapse because other cultures are the extension of their market place. Without selling good to such cultures will be limited in growth. Secondly, resources exploited from this cultures will not be available if they can process and sell it directly to each other without the middleman meddling with their minds and paying them with old rustic weapons to fight and kill each other. The study of some subjects never come up int classroom way down at the bottom of the curriculum. There is not enough weeks in the year to reach the subject deliberately fixed in the holiday months. Disparity of one-way education limits an appropriate knowledge of the dominant culture who despise and lack understanding “plebeians.” Derogatory attitude towards the other culture, insults treating them as inferior permeates society. Causes frustration of younger generations made to think they will improve their lot in life through an education. It is worse after education because theory does not match reality in life worst of all now heavily indebted without jobs. Irony is billionaires have free accommodations, free perks or free fares to fly globally to spend allowance given them in free hotels paid for. And the compulsory educated look on while it seems provisions are readily available for certain elites of society from their taxes paid. Worst of all the least treated are original owners of wealth misused and flaunted in their faces. How does an elite class indulging in luxury expect the starving hungry ‘plebeian’ servant class running up and down to fulfill all their egotistical demand and tantrum wishes to feel? Is too much to ask to live and let live to agree to disagree? Go to remotest hovel on planet earth and TV is there, fresh clean spring water rejected for the unhealthy fizzy sugary drink, packaged canned food preferred to a rich natural local nourishment in the name modern sophistication. Free milk ban in schools led to fizzy drink increasing allergies. Women must consulted for an inclusive policy to benefit familes, disabled and all sectors of society. Education cannot be just to enrich a few powerful men in power to waste resources only on their wants at the expense of all people. The everyday reports shows people’s health damaged by junk food published in data and statistics by many nutrition boards. Environment is destroyed by persistent distorted belief a privilged few deserve the best in life. Others flabbergasted like cargo cult want imported things best to consume than grow their local produce. Unless agricultural students or a family business, farm producing poultry, cattle milk etc. most educated want to sit by computer all day. They sincerely believe educated people must never do the blue colour jobs. Billions all over the world are waiting and hoping for day things will automatically fall into place so they will become rich like those they aspire to be like. They do not realise the most successful people spend years on shop floor learning skills, doing odd jobs and perfecting crafts before breakthroughs. Many strongly think preposterous ideas, flaunted on a social media followed by a lots of people suddenly turns to millions dollars to make them rich. Look to a few making billions misguided and misled by online money scams. Rich offshore accounts of hidden wealth of the rich is grown by a pyramid scheme investors creating debts for the young who want such expensive things free too. Some think expensive products with the glamorous packaging thrown away is a better quality. This misnomer is driving society geared it towards AI robots and a driverless car creating unemployment due to fear middle classes will take over to control society. Perpetually subdue, stress put under pressure mental health sleepless nights on medication driven to suicide because of policies harassing citizens. What is good for the goose is not obviously good for the gander with low pay for the women doing equal jobs it seems education has a lot to learn from society to fix itself. It seems Jesus’ words of that the rich get richer and the poor get poorer is played right before our eyes. It is as if licence is given to the rich to go all the way out to exploit the poor to humiliate to fulfil the prophecy of Jesus. Jesus the OWNER of all wealth will hold educated elite rich to account for how they managed and shared HIS WEALTH. Projects enrich wealthy who can afford to pay while people deemed less in society on scandalous zero hour contract or work hard but go to food banks for food. They deliberately kill off society softly keeping wealth for greedy privileged few. The world is soon going to be over elite need to reconsider their views towards God’s priceless humans created treated badly. Read Revelations 19:15-19 describing the consequences of mistreatment of plebeians by the highly educated who consistently maintain the structures that affects people. They may not value them but are Highly Valued by God their CREATOR. Fear of lacking resources drives many to deprive others but remember God Owns it all. Why will you gain the whole world and perish by losing your soul to material things that cannot be taken out of this world. Yet is going to be used by God to judge people for not sharing material things totally useless in heaven or hell depending on destination. Intelligence in not enough because education is one component of life among other factors: family matters, child or elderly care, health, neighbours and finances. More years are spend on education but untrained to handle long-term life issues concerning others.
In 1999 in publication of David Dunning and Justin Kruger the psychologists had noticed in prior studies that areas like reading comprehension, playing chess, driving car, blissful ignorance is falsely confident more than a knowledgeable. Cornell University conducts experiment on effect showing less competent people overestimate their own skills and don’t recognize when other’s superior skills. It requires competent skills to produce a right answer to recognize right answers in life. Smart people listen attentively to consider argument before any decision.
3. Stupid people react by aggressive anger
The smartest people do get angry from time to time but for the less intelligent people its go-to reaction if things aren’t going their way. Loss of control over a situation tends to use angry aggressive behavior to secure their view. Research by University of Michigan studying 600 participants with parents and children, over 22 years found distinct correlation between aggressive behaviour and the lower IQ-score. The researchers wrote in their elaboration: “We hypothesized low intelligence made learnt aggressive responses more likely at early age, and this aggressive behaviour continued so an intellectual development difficult.”
4. Stupid people ignore needs feelings of others
Intelligent people tend to be very good at empathizing with others. This makes it easy for them to understand another person’s point of view. Russel James of the Texas Tech University conducted a representative study with thousands of Americans and found out that people with a higher IQ are more inclined to give without expecting anything in return. As it turns out, an intelligent person is better at assessing the needs of other people and also more likely to want to help them. “People with higher cognitive ability able to understand and fulfill needs of distant others.” People less smart have a hard time imagining people think differently than them so disagree with them. A concept of doing things for others without expecting a favour in return is foreign to them. It’s completely normal, human, important to keep balance between need to pursue our goals but consider other’s feelings.
5. Stupid people think better than all
Intelligent people motivate and help others because they are not afraid of being overshadowed. They have healthy level of confidence and smart enough to accurately assess own competence. The stupid people on the other hand tend to badmouth others in order to look better themselves. They believe they are above everyone else so always quick to judge. Prejudice is not a sign of intelligence. A Canadian “Psychological Science” study by two scientists at Brock University of Ontario found “those with low IQs tend more in favour of harsh punishments, more homophobic and more likely to be racist.” Many biologists believe human ability to cooperate is instrumental to our overall development. It means the most important signifier of intelligence is being good at working with others.
David Dunning and Justin Kruger 1999 Psychologists, Smart and Stupid people, University of Michigan.
I decided to detach myself from looks and my personality to create popular person I could. I could have been a guy, but I thought ‘let’s explore something different.’ I thought it will be interesting to be a woman on social media and look at the issues that brings. First of all I was going to use a model’s picture, but my girlfriend pointed out I’d need to talk about picture with conviction. Its completely her idea to use the picture. It helped me to have a more compelling story. It started off that I was trying to create the most popular person, but it developed into wanting to raise the awareness of social media fake identity. My audience is young, impressionable and so I thought The Circle was a safe environment to explore as we were told there would be people saying they are something they’re not. But when I was in there, that idea got lost quite quickly.Alex use girlfriend’s photo to pretend to be Kate because when you’re stuck in a room for three weeks and you’ve only got eight people to talk to, you build up relationships with people. You forget they might be fake. After a while it does not matter because you’re interested in their personality. I was really wishing Christopher, actually 22-year-old called Sinead who used granddad’s photo, into existence. I think people felt that way about Kate. The personality was initially made up. I wrote myself a bio and tried to stick to it but I realised I was woefully underprepared. Like for example when Aiden a female contestant talked about snatching her eyebrows, I had no clue what she meant. And then we had to debate certain topics, like Brexit. I had my own views, and I’ve got a degree in politics, but I didn’t want to be belittling or patronising, so I played it safe.Alex with his girlfriend Millie whose pictures provided the face of made-up character Kate. The same happened with some of the questions about sexual stuff. I thought ‘I built boring character, she can’t have a sexy side’ but everyone else thought I was just on the fence. So I found the whole situation mentally draining. I lost my appetite, ended up second-guessing everything I was writing on the app. I realised everything I said counted towards my rating. There were a few times I thought ‘I’ve had enough now, I’m going home to my family’. And it was difficult thinking the UK public might be against me, and Millie might have been exposed to the hype and the criticism. So I just thought ‘stuff it, I’m going to be myself now.’ I started having fun and I went up in the ratings against contestants to give each other marks out of five. Towards the end I think people figured something out and realised Kate’s personality had changed but they can’t have known the extent of it. I never wanted to glorify catfishing. In a safe environment we’d been told people might be fake. To me, catfishing is emotional manipulation but I played a fake character. I’ve been catfished myself before and I wanted to raise awareness of it in a controlled, social experiment. I had tried to protect Dan by friend-zoning him but I had to try to protect my game plan too. He may be a woman himself, for all I knew.Dan found himself getting closer to Kate who was really Alex. I was so nervous to meet him at the end of the series and was almost desperate for him to be my friend. We had to sit together in a small room alone for 35 minutes, which was one of the most challenging things I’ve had to do. The pair since met up for lunch and smoothed over the situation. It’s still not sunk in I won. I went into the final, thinking fellow finalist Sian had been top of the table to win. And when it came to public vote, I thought ‘I’m playing someone fake’ so I thought I had no chance. But winning showed me my personality as me after four weeks of being fake had been noticed.
Show’s psychologist says:
The TV psychologist Honey Langcaster-James worked with Channel 4 on the series as it was aired and on The Circle Uncovered, being broadcast on Tuesday at 10.25pm. She said the series showed those who weren’t being truthful ended up feeling guilty “when they realised a real human being was on the other end of the screen.”Contestants Dan, Sian, Alex and Freddie react to the news there will be a public vote during the final. “There was a real inner tension for Alex, between playing the game and grappling with the moral dilemma of doing that as he got closer to players,” she said. “But interestingly, Alex’s popularity as a player grew when he started being himself more. “I think it shows that as much as you set out to show this version of yourself on social media, people connect with you more when they know the real you that you think and feel.” She said, public voted for Alex to win because they saw the “journey” he went on during the show, and realised his deception “wasn’t being done maliciously in The Circle as Alex Hobern became ‘Kate.’ This experiment teaches people don’t depend on words from online “doctored characters” who con trusting innocent people linked to organised crime human trafficking. Do not give money to catfish scammers who dupe victims badly and disappear with money so learn from TV Circle.Many people lost millions dollars through manipulations of catfish so necessary to learn from TV Circle how social media affects lives. It’s interesting the older woman who pretended to be a young had a gut feeling about Kate and warned Dan in vain. Dan preferred to alert Kate of his suspicion but Kate reassured him there was no problem. This classic mistake gives feedback to catfish to convince victim harder and to dupe them more. Kate won’t have won without the emotional investment of Dan who truly trusted Kate’s words. This goes on daily online with scam letters, catfish photos used to deceive people to lure them to part with money to ‘help meet up’ and consolidate the relationship. Sadly damaged reputation of some online dating that hurt people badly who lost their lifetime savings. They lost trust in genuine people who date them later, as effects and scars of their loses is often projected onto them. Be careful and be aware not to make life commitment by the virtual photo of catfish. Dan learned the hard way just as many realised they were conned by men pretending to be women to dupe them. Some insecure about their size, weight, shape also use catfish to pretend to be a model or use a photo of another famous person online to deceive victim. Scam is revealed after they physically meet and see they do not look like photo used online. Others never find catfish scammer changing identity daily like chameleon to dupe people. Tell friends about potential relationships and listen to gut feelings of friends. Do not wear a love goggle blinded by manipulations to refuse to see sense to save yourself from online scam pain and hardships.
The Circle’s Dan: ‘I was furious about TV catfishing’
The Circle: Alex/Kate wins Channel 4’s reality show 9 October 2018