Diamonds and golds are a variety of the precious fine elegant jewellery items of everyday or special occasion celebrated. Western Europeans value diamonds as investment of great significant interest to them. Gold and diamond gemstones exhanged plus slaves sold for cowries or empty bottle glass beads during slave trade in Africa. Europeans travelled to the Maldives to harvest cowries filled with ships to West African Coast as currency for trade. The glass bottles are shipped to West Africa, grinded for making beads in exchange for the diamonds, gold and the slaves. A bizarre exchange took place whereby two waste products as cowrie shells and empty glass bottles recycled to Africa in exchange for gold, diamond and slaves. A deeper reflection of precious priceless treasures of gold, diamond and slaves in unfair exchange of cowry, glass bottles.The slave traders shipped thousands of barrels of glass, crystal and coral beads to Venice in Italy into West and Central Africa. Broken glass bottles melted used to make beads for exchange of African captives. English East India Company imported millions of the cowry shells to Europe sold in Africa by slave traders. Slave traders exchanged gold shells of certain species historically used their currency in several parts of the world. Used in the past is presently extensively used in jewelry and other decorative or ceremonial purposes. Cowry shell is most used worldwide as a shell money. Liverpool controlled 80% British slave trade and over 40% of glass bottle beads from Italy, cowries from Indian Ocean.Shell money medium of exchange is like coin money or other commodity money used in many parts of the world. Shell money consisted of whole or partial sea shells worked into beads by shapes. Use of shells traded by commodity exchange valued body ornaments. The distinction between beads, commodities as money debated by economic anthropologists.Some kings recruited women of Agoji to fight as an army of 4,000 women who battled against Europeans. West African Yaa Asantewaa in Ashanti, Gold Coast now Ghana and Kingdom of Dahomey between 17th and 19th centuries fought. These brave women who fought against slavery and colonialism. Lupita Nyongo went to Benin to explore army’s legacy.More than 1 billion tonnes of ivory has been taken by Western countries over a thousand years from Africa. But after independence they ban Africans from benefitting from ivory trade destroy by burning or crushing high-profile events in 21 countries around the world. Kenya and others forced to burn ivory in each country destroy 105 tonnes (231,000 lb) of ivory by fire so not funding projects.Precious gold was exploited by Western G7 countries which continue to own the mines all over the world. They brought bottles and cowries exchanged for gold and slaves exported to work in mines Brazil, South Africa among others. This underdeveloped African without them investing in people to own resources.Shell money in exchange for glass beads in America, Asia, Africa and Australia. The most familiar the wampum created by the indigenous peoples of East Coast, North America. Ground beads cut from purple marine bivalve shells. The shell used worldwide as currency is the shell of Cypraea moneta money cowry. Beads exchanged for gold and slaves or diamonds and cowries. Cowry species abundant in Indian Ocean was collected from the Maldive Islands, in Sri Lanka, along the Malabar coast in Borneo and other East Indian islands and African coasts from Ras Hafun or Mozambique. Cowry shell money traded by networks of Africa, South Asia, and East Asia.The first European nation in Transatlantic Slave Trade was Portugal in mid to late 1400’s. Captain John Hawkins made first English slaving voyage to Africa 1562 reign of Elizabeth 1. Hawkins made three journeys in six years. He captured over 1200 Africans sold as goods in Spanish colonies in Americas. British traders supplied slaves for Spanish, Portuguese colonists in America. British settlements in Caribbean North America grew in wars with European countries as Holland, Spain, France, British slave traders supplied British colonies. The British ships took part in the Slave Trade in the 245 years between Hawkins voyage or abolition of Slave Trade in 1807. British merchants despatched over 10,000 trips to Africa for slaves. Merchants in other parts of British Empire sent out a further 1,150 voyages. Portuguese, British, France, Spanish, Dutch Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Sweden, Norway all sold slaves as the Arabs sold slaves for centuries. The Arabs used cowry as Cypraea moneta. A print from 1845 shows cowry shells used as money by Arab traders. And in Western Africa shell money legal tender until mid 19th century. Before abolition of slave trade, large shipments of cowry shells sent to English port’s reshipment to the slave coast. The shells of Olivella nana a sparkling dwarf olive sea snail harvested from Luanda Island used as currency in Kingdom of Kongo. Al-Idrisi in mid-twelfth century described a King of Ghana tethering his horse to the huge gold in his palace taken by whites like a similar but lesser size gold in Australia. Abundant gold in South Africa cause the apartheid the bad treatment of blacks in their own motherland. Gold Coast now Ghana became finished because of gold. Black history deals with injustice issues of African suffering despite gold riches.Mansa Musa I from 1280 – c. 1337 was the tenth Mansa, translated as “sultan” “conqueror” or “emperor” of a wealthy West African Ghana, Guinea, Songhai Mali Empires. Mansa Musa, the Malian emperor was richest person in history with so much gold he is noted in ancient maps. He caused inflation in Egypt by giving away too much gold with 60,000 people entourage each carried gold bars he gave as gifts on his journey to Mecca.
They were traded north in the Kingdom of Benin. In Kongo called nzimbu, zimbo or eli in Ghana. The value of the cowry was much greater in West Africa than in the regions from which supply obtained so trade extremely lucrative. Some cases of gains said to be 500%. Use of cowry currency spread inland Africa. About 1850 German explorer Heinrich Barth said widespread in Kano, Kuka, Gando and Timbuktu. Barth said in Muniyoma one of ancient divisions of Bornu, king’s revenue estimated at 30,000,000 shells, with adult males paying annually 1,000 shells for himself 1,000 for each pack-ox, 2,000 for each slave in his possession.Countries on the coast fastened together shells in strings of forty or one-hundred each twenty strings represents a dollar. In interior laboriously counted one by one or, if the traders were expert, five by five. The districts mentioned above received supply of kurdi, as called, from the west coast. The regions to north of Unyamwezi, where they were in use under the name of simbi, dependent on Muslim traders from Zanzibar. The shells were used in remotest parts of Africa until early 20th century now use modern currencies. So other shells of large land snail Achatina monetaria cut i circles with open center used as coin in Benguella, Portuguese West Africa.Cowry shell medium of exchange early to mid-nineteenth century slave trade neighbouring local regions wore beads or sold abroad. Strange monetary value of cowry, empty glass bottles exchanged for slaves, gold and diamond in empires of Medieval West Africa, Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. David C Conrad, 2010 in book Juvenile Nonfiction said, Al-Idrisi, wrote in 1154, describing a natural gold nugget in the king’s palace is so big the reins of the king’s horse were tied to it. The African countries no longer use the reycled bottles from Western world it’s a problem their tons of waste no longer shipped to Africa. Africa still extension of Europe uses tons of local bottle waste to make glass beads so continues today. The debate continues why the European slave traders duped the Africans with a cowry and empty glass bottles for gold, diamonds, gems. And above all humans created by God worth of priceless value commoditized and dehumanised. Black history month focuses attention on this past treatment of black slaves and then abolishing slavery. Modern slavery and past issues of retribution, reparations, compensation for slave descendants is pending for justice. Bible says, Eye has not seen, ear heard or entered heart of man things God prepared for those who love Him in 1 Corinthians 2:9. God says HE will deal with injustice. Seek God in Christ Jesus to help supply your needs.
Gaming addiction classified as disorder by WHO – World Health Organisation. An article byaccording to Oxford University study states that boys are more likely to spend time gaming than girls. Gaming addiction is to be listed as mental health condition for the first time by the World Health Organisation. 11th International Classification of Diseases (ICD) includes the condition “gaming disorder.” The draft document describes it as a pattern of a persistent and a recurrent gaming behaviour so severe it takes precedence over other life interests. Some countries already identified it as a major public health issue. Many, including UK, have private addiction clinics to “treat” the condition. The last version of the ICD was completed in 1992, with the new guide due to be published in 2018. The guide contains codes for diseases, signs and symptoms and is used by doctors and researchers to track and diagnose disease. It suggests abnormal gaming behaviour should be in evidence over a period of 12 months for diagnosis to be assigned but added that period might be shortened “if symptoms are severe.”
Gaming Addiction Symptoms include:
- impaired control over gaming (frequency, intensity, duration)
- increased priority given to gaming
- continuing escalation of gaming despite negative consequences
Dr Richard Graham, lead technology addiction specialist at the Nightingale Hospital in London, welcomed decision to recognise condition. It is significant because it creates the opportunity for more specialised services. It puts it on the map as something to take seriously.” But he added he would have sympathy for those who do not think the condition should be medicated. “It could lead to confused parents whose children are enthusiastic gamers.” He said he sees about 50 new cases of digital addiction each year and his criteria is based on whether the activity is affecting basic things such as sleep, eating, socializing and education. He said one question he asks himself is: “Is the addiction taking up neurological real-estate, dominating thinking and preoccupation?” So many psychiatrists refer to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the fifth edition of which was published in 2013. The Internet gaming disorder listed as ‘condition for further study’ meaning not officially recognised as controversial matters are assigned. It will have serious repercussions if the gaming industry accepts responsibility. If families sue them the businesses will collapse as multibillion industries.
Gaming is introduced to young children before forming prefrontal cortex brain so damage is done through radiation too. Many are absent-minded, aloof, not in the here and now able to experience the common sense needed for survival. Extreme cases often display a psychotic pattern of behaviour. Hallucinations if under stress, pressure or struggling to keep down job due to gaming addiction. Lots of countries are grappling with the issue and the South Korean government has introduced a law banning access for children under 16 from online games between midnight and 06:00. In Japan, players are alerted if they spend more than a certain amount of time online each month playing games. In China, internet giant Tencent has limited hours that children can play its most popular games. A recent study from University of Oxford suggested, although children spend a lot of time on the screens, they generally manage to intertwine digital pastimes with daily life. The research is looking at children aged eight to 18 and found boys spent longer playing video games than girls. Researcher Killian Mullan said: “People think that children are addicted to technology and in front of these screens 24/7, to the exclusion of other activities and we now know that is not the case.” “Our findings show technology is being used with and in some cases perhaps to support other activities, like homework for instance, not pushing them out,” he added. “Like adults do, children spread digital tech use throughout the day, while doing other things.” This issue is ongoing yet gamers become professional gamers, game designers or Internet experts.
However, majority are struggling with school and college work, frustrated, angry, manifest withdrawal symptoms from multiple addictions of high sugar, E chemicals in food, poor decision-making abilities, with stunted growth spurt development stuck in the childish mindset from the age of onset of gaming. Unable to enjoy free mind to grow as previous generations exploring outdoors daily for long hours. Getting a fresh air, physical exercises playing and interacting with friends. Many now live isolated detached lives in their bubble world cocooned in a virtual reality. The years of repeated gaming addiction now affect even basic communication and the social conversations. With majority of school, college, work and the world turning into virtual online lifestyle it is even damaging their health too. Like an issue that is not solved quickly, it leads to aggressive behaviour, sometimes tensions in families. Expecting for such future generations to grow up and take on the responsibilities and duty of care is getting worse. Som parents continue to ‘ raise’ adult children traumatized by gaming addiction and dark web porn. It is an expensive industry where games cost so much causing bad habits as big spenders on games wasting money that could be saved to buy or own home. So become dependent on parents as the bank of mum and dad. Domino effect is serious and even more dangerous when parents lack knowledge and awareness of gaming addiction. Treatment is hard because they are prone to using online facility for study, work shopping, social interaction often tired and lethargic.
Many need other hobbies especially outdoors like football hockey, biking, swimming or a practical outdoor volunteer centre to help others to learn practical life skills. In any case this generation faces challenges making choices and decisions even harder and harder everyday by gaming addiction. Often starts as fun time to relax, then it escalates into complex issues. Some children used parent’s bank accounts to run thousands of dollars worth of debts due to gaming addiction. Schools must teach dangers of gaming addiction as part of general knowledge awareness. When children are young parents must not buy expensive games because all the friends have one and they feel left out. Looking back some parents would have been better off investing a gaming money into extra tuition funds to help a child do better academically. Or pay for music, piano lessons to calm children and learn vital skills. Games change so rapidly that it becomes a life time habit not a phase to grow out of. This is a serious matter to be dealt with globally because it affects children in formative years and influences their thought and worldview. In addition some contents are completely unsuitable for children yet parents unaware of such dangers. Encourage reading skills from with real books they can hold first before ebooks or online ones. Computers are good and useful but can cause harm to children if not used properly under supervision. If parents do not know how to computers take basic lessons to learn safety, adult and child security online and upgrade often to learn new skills to help your children before it becomes too late so turn into gaming addiction disorder.
Mankind faces upheaval of robot trends in hotels, airports, hospitals and homes. There is a strong argument in favour of advantages of using machines that now replace people in industries, factories or personal carers at home. The shortage of staff in underpopulated regions with the aged requiring care are some of the arguments used. Modern trend demand people adapt and get used to machines or miss out. In 1998, Kodak had 170,000 employees and sold 85% of photo paper worldwide. Within a few years their business model disappeared and they went bankrupt. Interestingly inventor of digital photography in 1975 Steven Sasson worked for Kodak but Kodak ignored the new technology and in the process ignored their future!! Some say what happened to Kodak will happen in a lot of industries in the next 10 years and most people don’t see it coming.Did you think in 1998 that 3 years later you would never take pictures on paper film again? Yet digital cameras were invented in 1975. The first ones had 10,000 pixels, but followed Moore’s law. As with all exponential technologies, it was a disappointment for a long time, before it became way superior and got mainstream in a few short years. It will now happen with Artificial Intelligence, health, autonomous and electric cars, education, 3D printing, agriculture and jobs in the 4th Industrial Revolution. So the Exponential Age, Software will also disrupt the most traditional industries in the next 5-10 years. Uber software tool does not own cars but the biggest taxi company in the world. Airbnb is the biggest hotel company in the world, although they don’t own any properties.Artificial Intelligence Computers said to be exponentially better understanding the world. This year, a computer beat the best Go player in the world 10 years earlier than expected. In the US, young lawyers not getting jobs. Due to IBM Watson you can get a legal advice so far for more on a basic stuff within seconds with the 90% accuracy compared with 70% accuracy when done by humans. If you study law it is good to immediately think about areas of specialisation. People say there will be 90% fewer lawyers in future so only specialists will remain. Watson already helps nurses diagnosing cancer, 4 times more accurate than human nurses. And Facebook now has a pattern recognition software that can recognize faces better than humans. By 2030, computers will become more intelligent than humans.Autonomous Cars: in 2018 the first self-driving cars will appear for the public. Around 2020, the complete industry will start to be disrupted. Some don’t want to own a car anymore since you will call a car with your phone, it will show up at your location and drive you to your destination. You will not need to park it, you only pay for driven distance and it can be productive while driving. Future kids may never get driver’s license and never own a car. So it will change cities, because will need 90-95% fewer cars for that. So can transform former parking space into parks. 1.2 million people die each year in car accidents worldwide. It says one accident in every 100,000 km, with autonomous driving that will drop to one accident in 10 million km. That will save a million lives each year..Most car companies may become bankrupt. Traditional car companies evolutionary approach builds better cars, while tech companies Tesla, Apple, Google will do the revolutionary approach and build a computer on wheels. A lot of engineers from Volkswagen and Audi are said to be completely terrified of Tesla.Insurance Companies will have massive trouble because without accidents, the insurance will become 100x cheaper. Their car insurance business model will disappear. Real estate will change since you can work while you commute, and people will move further away to live in more beautiful neighbourhood. Electric cars won’t become mainstream until 2020. Cities will be less noisy because all cars will run on electric. Electricity will be incredibly cheap because now Solar production has been on an exponential curve for 30 years so will see impact. In the last year, solar energy was installed worldwide than fossil. So price for solar will drop so much all coal companies may be out of business by 2025. Cheap electricity means cheap and abundant water. Desalination only needs 2kWh per cubic meter. We don’t have scarce water in most places, we only have scarce drinking water. Imagine what will be possible if all can have as much clean water as wanted without cost.Health: There will be companies that will build a medical devices called the “Tricorder” from Star Trek that works with phone, takes retina scan, blood sample and breathed into. It analyses 54 biomarkers that will identify nearly any disease. It will be cheap, in a few years everyone on this planet will have access to world class medicine, nearly for free. 3D printing price of cheapest 3D printer came down from $18,000 to $400 within 10 years. At the same time its 100 times faster. All major shoe companies started 3D printing shoes. Spare airplane parts already 3D printed in remote airports. The space station printer eliminates the need for large number of spare parts used in the past. By end of this year new smart phones will have the 3D scanning possibilities. You can then 3D scan your feet and print perfect shoe size at home.In China, already 3D printed completed 6-storey office building. By 2027, 10% of everything that’s being produced will be 3D printed. Business Opportunities now mean if you think of a niche you want to go in, ask yourself: “in the future, do you think we will still have that?” and if answer is yes how can it happen sooner. If it doesn’t work with phone, forget the idea. And ideas limited in design for just success in the 20th century is doomed in to failure in the 21st century. Workers with 70-80% of jobs will disappear in the next 20 years. There will be a lot of new jobs, but it is not clear if there will be enough new jobs that time. Already unemployment is rising in terms of the people getting appropriate relevant job.Agriculture will have $100 agricultural robot in future. Farmers in 3rd world countries can then become managers of their field instead of working all days on their fields. And agroponics will also need much less water. The first Petri dish produced veal is now available and will be cheaper than cow-produced veal in 2018. 30% of all agricultural surfaces are used for cows so imagine if we don’t need all that space anymore. There are several startups to bring insect protein to the market shortly. It contains more protein than meat. It will be labeled as ‘alternative protein source’ because most people still reject the idea of eating insects. There is an app call “moodies” which can already tell in which mood you are. By 2020 there will be apps that can tell by facial expressions if one is lying. Imagine debates displayed when people tell the truth or not. Bitcoin will be mainstream and might even become the default reserve currency. Right now, average life span increases by 3 months per year. Four years ago, the life span used to be 79 years, now it’s 80 years. The increase itself is increasing and by 2030, there will be more than one year increase per year. So we all might live for a long long time, probably way more than 100. By that time the elites will have a secondary Brain embedded close to both sides of their fronto-temporal scalp it stores information about their experiences books they read what they heard etc through a High Def Camera below the eyelids. Those who can afford it forgetfulness is a past phenomenon.Advanced stem cell technology will also allow “choosing” own organs or replace defective ones early. Life expectancy will be around 115 to 125 yrs in most of developed world and around 100 years in the rest of the world. Education: The cheapest smart phones are already at $10 in Africa and Asia. Until 2020, 70% of all humans will own a smart phone. That means, everyone has same access to world class education. Are you ready for the future. With so much benefits of progress agreed, question is what shall be done with the unemployed humans displaced? Some say the available free time means all will all be on holidays. It will indeed be wonderful to put feet up to let hair down to enjoy life. So robots and machines do all the work and serve humans. A few humans program these robots so intervene when required. Yet the reality of the mass unemployment without income and zero hour contracts is of concern that must be addressed. It is important to reflect on these matters because people have become homeless, unable to afford homes. People still pay bills, eat, pay cost of travel, student fees, rent, mortgages, taxes, etc. Whether one earns income or not bills get higher and higher. Artificial intelligence deliberate tactics based on the Georgia guidelines in America like 10 commandments is to reduce world population to 250million. Creating starvation, deprivation, lack of resources, burying tons of good food in the soil while people starve. This is all part of that strategy so few people own everything, living in luxury while the rest are dealt a bad hand. On paper all these sounds fantastic yet the reality is the MAJORITY of humans suffer as a result. Robots in industries mean loss of jobs, starving and poverty but is not dealt with in the news. Since privileged few already have enough on their plate they are not too keen or interested in plights of those displaced unemployed. It is absolutely true robots are essential today in some fields, save lives, drones deliver goods. However if one truly and honestly analyses overall cost of longterm investments in robots, the machines deprive workers of jobs. .In addition, they do not raise children, feed families, pay tuition fees or rents and mortgages. On one hand robots are necessary but on the other hand too it is important to ensure humans are not all replaced by machines. The humans now globally have no jobs, resources or land in the hand of a few. Most investments and the profits go to shareholders who benefit not the staff laid off on the dole. Trillions of dollars are invested globally to create robots with zillions of electric wattage used to run them. But it affects electric power and oil supply needed to generate electricity. Alternative to fossil fuel like wind turbines still need electric to power them. Now when a problem is solved it creates lots more problems not foreseen by inventors. When Tsunamis, tornadoes, floods, wildfire, thunders or toxic waste burnt trickle into soil to shut down whole neigbourhoods, nothing is done to rectify problems. As long as the rich share holders are happily making more money they do not care about the damage done to the earth. The rush to overproduced cars, gadgets with inbuilt obsolence means products are changed for cosmetic or aesthetic reasons than functions. This creates disposable waste of tons of plastics that natural speed of human working hours would curb. The rat race constantly produces more items than realistically purchased so is shredded or buried in landfill that could be used for housing. A greedy excessive love of materialist products consumer habit damages planets with pollution. It is industry driven to produce faster, get to places faster and faster because it is easier to do so than work in tune with nature. The passion for wanting things yesterday to meet demands results in a need for the faster production methods beyond human abilities. That is why the robots are man’s friends to help them to accomplish their wants faster. It is good to be able to enjoy life and live a little yet longterm damage climate change is irreversible. The world already pays the price of sufferings from global turf wars over natural resources fuelling robots. It peaks beyond measure with plans for all future living mechanised by robots, people are displaced and frustrated. The young people graduating all over world feel the robotic trend of displacement. The good news is when things peak God will intervene by Rapture to restore earth to organic natural wholesome beauty again like paradise. God owns chariots, wheels in wheels technologies and a great designer of unique human intelligence. Technology displaces the workers but life in general improved. Machines replaced, outmoded, causes toxic waste in landfill sites buried at or burnt to destroy archaic old technology. Humans still need to program robots but must work alongside humans. Lots of businesses, companies are shut down or gone bankrupt due to changes. And online businesses affect direct human personal touch interaction on a daily basis. These issues must be addressed as much as debates in favour of using the robots and machines. The world is now reaching tipping point of inability to sustain these design using solar power or nuclear power. The pursuit of more power to maintain robots damages use of natural resources diverted by hydro power displacing communities. Many farms and food production destroyed by the seizure of generational family lands. The hybrid genetic modified foods often lack rich natural nutrients for organic food remedies created by God. Limited land use of the area means depending on imported foods than local produce. Robots are useful and helpful but must not be allowed to displace and destroy humans in the process. Both must live alongside each other with dignity of human life not dehumanising people.
Will doing a degree land you the right career? As16 November 2017 with over 180 comments. Poppy Hunt will definitely like to earn a bit more money. Although she graduated in Fine Art from the University of the West of England six months ago, she’s currently working as a customer services assistant for Sainsbury’s in Bristol. She feels overqualified at the moment working in a supermarket, because for this job I’m doing now, I don’t necessarily need a degree,” she says. She’s got plenty of company. The Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development (CIPD) has been tracking graduate outcomes and reckons that for those who left in the 2015 university year, 48% ended up in non-graduate jobs six months on. Lizzie Crowley, the author of the report, says: “Unless we actually see degrees creating value for the economy, it is a big problem.” She says 77% of students will not pay loans back in full. Her organisation wants UK universities to be prevented from charging the maximum level of tuition fees unless they deliver better graduate outcomes. The CIPD argues that with the spiralling costs of university, students need to ask themselves whether a degree path is the best route into a career. It says there is a need for much better career advice and guidance, alongside high-quality alternative vocational routes into employment other than university education. Poppy Hunt wants to apply for museum and art gallery jobs, but working 39 hours a week in a supermarket, she is finding it tough to build up the required experience to secure a break into arts. Those interviewed include POPPY HUNT on challenges since graduation. Some people think it might be better to be in one of the careers to have needed work experience than having a degree,” she says. Poppy was not sure what she wanted to do when she left university in the summer, but it didn’t take long for graduate Jessica Davies to land on her feet and forge a career in the world of recruitment. She just wishes she hadn’t racked up £48,000 of student debt in the process. I left university as anyone does and suddenly thought: what now? I had this great degree and wanted to go out there and get a job that suited me.” But she ended up in a job which doesn’t require a degree. Jessica left the London School of Economics in 2016 with a 2:1 in Economic History. She doesn’t regret it. But for her career, it wasn’t really necessary: “I’ve found something that I’m good at, that I can do well, but also that I enjoy. I could have gone into recruitment four years ago before my degree and probably done just as well. It’s not something worth £48,000 now,” says Jessica Davies who ended up in a job that didn’t need a degree.
Lizzie Crowley wants the government to step in. “As we look ahead to the budget, the government should consider linking tuition fees to graduate destination data in order to prevent higher education institutions charging top-rate fees while delivering bottom-rate outcomes,” she says. “This report shows pre-occupation of successive governments boosting graduate numbers leading to high levels of over-qualification, potentially skills mismatches, which the OECD suggests undermines productivity growth.” The CIPD figures are based on most recent data from Higher Education Statistics Authority. The CIPD found almost third of graduates (29%) on salary of less than £20,000 six months after graduating, well below UK average of £28,300. But the head of Universities UK, Alistair Jarvis, says assessing the employment outcomes for graduates only six months after they leave is too crude a measure. “Six months after graduation, a lot of graduates are deciding what they want to do in the future still,” he says. “Over last year, there were 4% more graduate vacancies than the year before and this is the fifth year in a row that employers are telling us we need more graduates not fewer.” Mr Jarvis said: “University is not best choice for all, apprenticeships are the right choice for some people. But employers are demanding more graduates. “The graduate earnings premium is an average £9,500 per year and graduates are half as likely to be unemployed as non-graduates. There are many good graduate outcomes coming from university. Do not fall apart managing your mind at work if under stress from work. “For the whole eight-hour shift you may pretend you’re OK.” Talking to family or friends is one thing, but speaking about your mental health at work can be daunting. Here on Like Minds we’ve been finding out who you should tell to make it a bit easier to start conversation. Bear in mind that the global trends of unemployment due to machines, robots self-drive cars or vehicles taking over jobs of millions of people. So important to remember you must reassess your priority to make changes to adapt to modern trends. With huge debts and no jobs for life young people are drifting into depression through no fault of their own. Be aware the system benefits the privileged few 1% wealthy who gain more from educated trained people working on zero hours. These matters have come to attention of ALMIGHTY LORD GOD, transforming earth to restore justice and fairness. Be in the know not to worry because your life is different from expected standard. God requires all to work to eat but if the jobs are destroyed mass unemployment is used to ensure reduction in wealth of people. This is part of bigger agenda so practical relevance of majority of jobs is ignored. The plan is train highly skilled but use their skills and them in debt for life. Understand this is why many do so many jobs yet cannot own own home, pay bills but go to food banks despite being graduates in menial job’s. God put zillions of resources on earth for all but is unfairly distributed. Sooner or later God patent owner of all resources will take it back and King Jesus will rule and reign forever in peace with no poverty. It is happening faster than expected so have hope and be encouraged in Christ.
Produced by Tom Heyden and India Rakusen
If you – or someone you know – have been affected by mental health issues, the following organisations may be able to help.