AS IN THE DAYS OF NOAH…

dna-noahs-ark-950632.jpgAs it was in days of Noah preservation of animal species to be done by modern scientists by DNA genetic data for future posterity. The team of 24 scientists from around the globe are hoping to collect and store genetic codes of 1.5 million species on Earth in a move to “revolutionise understanding of DNA.” The codes will be taken from a plethora of animals, plants and fungi. The £3.4 billion project can be used by scientists to discover more about evolution and how better to treat the environment. The library, created by the Smithsonian Institution, is being described as “most ambitious project in history of modern biology.” Aim of BioGenome Project as it is dubbed will be used for innovations in medicine, agriculture, conservation among other things. Only 0.2 percent of life on Earth has been sequenced. John Kress from Smithsonian Institution told The Times: “We will build a complete library of life that we can sample and delve into for whatever purpose. “We can use it for improving environments and ourselves, and revolutionising our understanding of the evolution of life.”dnaOnly 0.2 percent of life on Earth been sequenced. Researchers wrote in study published in Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences Increasing our understanding of Earth’s biodiversity and responsibly stewarding resources among the crucial scientific and social challenges of the new millennium.” It adds outcomes would “inform a broad range of major issues facing humanity, s impact of climate change of biodiversity conservation of the endangered species, ecosystems, preservation, enhancement of ecosystem services.“Unimaginable biological secrets are held in genomes of the millions of known and unknown organisms on our planet. This ‘dark matter’ of biology can hold the key to unlocking potential for sustaining planetary ecosystems on we depend to provide life support systems for a burgeoning world population.”

Advertisements

PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME

06-missing-period-perimenopause-810x450Premensttual syndrome (PMS) has a wide variety of signs and symptoms, including mood swings, tender breasts, food cravings, fatigue, irritability and depression. It’s estimated that as many as 3 out of every 4 menstruating women experience some form of premenstrual syndrome. Symptoms tend to recur in a predictable pattern. But the physical and emotional changes you experience with premenstrual syndrome may vary from just slightly noticeable all the way to intense. You don’t have to let these problems control your life. Treatments and lifestyle adjustments can help you reduce or manage signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Symptom’s list of potential signs of premenstrual syndrome is long, but most women only experience a few of these problems.IMG_20180424_155805

Emotional & Behavioural Signs

  • Tension or anxiety
  • Depressed mood
  • Crying spells
  • Mood swings, irritability or anger
  • Appetite changes, food cravings
  • Trouble falling asleep (insomnia)
  • Social withdrawal
  • Poor concentration
  • Change in libido

Physical signs and symptoms

  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain by fluid retention
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Acne flare-ups
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Alcohol intolerance

For some, physical pain and emotional stress are severe enough to affect their daily lives. Regardless of their symptom severity, signs and symptoms generally disappear within four days of the start of menstrual period for most women. A number of women with premenstrual syndrome of disabling symptoms every month. PMS premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMDD signs, symptoms include depression, mood swings, anxiety, anger feeling overwhelmed, difficulty of focus concentrating, irritability and tension.istock-88554459-small-2

When to see a doctor

If you haven’t been able to manage your premenstrual syndrome with lifestyle changes and the symptoms of PMS are affecting health and daily activities, see a doctor. Exact causes of premenstrual syndrome is unknown, but several factors may contribute to the condition:

  • Cyclic changes in hormones. Signs, symptoms of premenstrual syndrome change with hormonal fluctuations and disappear with pregnancy and menopause.
  • Chemical changes in the brain. Fluctuations of serotonin, a brain chemical (neurotransmitter) that’s thought to play a crucial role in mood states, could trigger PMS symptoms. Insufficient amounts of serotonin impact premenstrual depression, as well as to fatigue, food cravings and sleep problems.
  • Depression. Some women with severe premenstrual syndrome have undiagnosed depression, though depression alone does not cause all of the symptoms.

FOOD AND MENTAL HEALTH

dieta-alzheimer-272x300Whenever it comes to taking care of your mental health one of the first things to consider if you’re feeling down in the dumps, stressed, unfocused, or anxious is the food you eat. Yes, that’s right what you eat, how clean or well-oiled food is so to speak affects stomach and bowels and has a lot to do with your moods and how you feel on top of doing things in life. Shauna Faulisi, holistic nutritionist and founder of a Soul Wellness Method told Elite Daily the stomach is a second brain of your body with relationship to serotonin production neurotransmitters in the body that regulates moods and overall immunity. Faulisi adds this idea is one of the first things tackled when she meets with new clients. Foods eaten will either feed the good or bad bacteria affecting mental health. And nourishing food diets by taking probiotics noticed a major improvement in own emotional well-being when she started doing both of these things. It seems obvious, at least in some way how food affects mood but truly science exists behind it all experts, say not something to be ignored when it comes to taking care of mental health. In fact, it might be one of the first things to consider if you’re feeling down in the dumps, stressed, unfocused, or anxious.pic Sugar is often snuck into foods eaten so feeds the bad bacteria and wreak havoc on good. Alcohol, refined carbohydrates and processed food Faulisi recommends focusing on foods feeding good bacteria, above-ground vegetables or bone broth, sauerkraut examples. Concentrating on incorporating kinds of such foods into your diet, means “your body and mind thank you,” says Faulisi. Dr. Michael Wald, MD, DC, dietician and board certified nutritionist breaks down this whole food and mood idea more for us. The direct link between the health of intestinal tract and brain,” he tells Elite Daily is essential. Gut’s more serotonin than brain is a chemical responsible for good feelings important intestinal tract and nervous system functions. It’s anti-inflammatory helps to promote better sleep. Neuroscience says the healthier your gut is it shows result of foods you eat. The better chance your body has to produce feel-good chemicals to improve your overall mood.logicas_cerebrais_podem_pesar_na_balanca_1__2015-04-23160411

Whatever food is put into your mouth, she explains, is going to spend the next three days traveling through digestive tract, permeating intestinal walls to be absorbed into your body’s circulatory system and tissues. “Your overall health is significantly affected by what you eat, she tells Elite Daily. Dr. Trattner says the research really shows our guts are so sensitive and filled with impressionable nerves they are, indeed, as Faulisi said, often referred to as our second brain. “The digestive system doesn’t think for us, but it does play a key role in certain diseases and communicates with brain,” Dr. Trattner explains. So, along with the foods you eat, Dr. Trattner recommends making probiotics a regular part of your daily routine, avoid refined foods with lots of sugar, estrogens and fat. mental-health-and-nutrition-1-638 downloadTherefore keep away from all processed foods or at least make it a point to snack on them in moderation. You will notice boost in your mood and mind as result. The body of evidence linking diet and mental health is growing at a rapid pace as reports show level of mental health problems of eating fewer healthy foods. Fresh fruits, vegetables, organic foods and meals made from scratch are more healthy foods than the chips and crisps, chocolate, ready meals and takeaways. Food and mood, mind the mental health charity helps those with mental health problems to eat better good mood foods. Vegetables and fruit contain a lot of the minerals, vitamins and fibre we need to keep us physically and mentally healthy. Eating variety of the different coloured fruits and vegetables every day means you will get a good range of nutrients. Eating well for mental health says Royal College of Psychiatrists in health advice. Food-and-Mood-tips-for-your-mental-healthModern user-friendly evidence-based information on eating well, nutrition and mental health is produced by the Royal College of Psychiatrists. The link between food and mental health by the Psychological Association recommends good nutrition to improve your mental health. So put all this newfound foodie knowledge to the test next time you’re shopping for groceries, and pop a few of the recommended foods like fermented coconut yogurt, sauerkraut along with probiotics, into your basket. Growing research literature answers Western-style dietary habits in particular under special scrutiny. The modern high rate of depression says what you eat affects mental health. A large body of evidence existing confirms diet is as important to mental health as it is to physical health,” says Felice Jacka, the president of the International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research. “A healthy diet is protective and unhealthy diet is risk factor in depression anxiety.” So pay more attention to the food you eat to improve your mood and mental health.

 

MAJESTY’S HAPPY BIRTHDAY

Queen-Elizabeth-2elizabeth2-xlarge_trans++pUuFqFMsEKHgfH2-ULHMxfkxQ2Lf5qs8hORVjNINGtgThousands of people attended Queen Elizabeth’s Happy Birthday party Royal Albert Hall London. Celebrated occasion of Her Majesty’s 92nd birthday as was born on 21st April 1926. God Save The Queen in Jesus Name and pray for all leaders and those in authority to live quietly in peace with all mankind.

DOUBLE CHROMATIC HARP

NMM 5728.  Double chromatic harp by Henry Greenway, Brooklyn, NY, ca. 1895

This Image is Graese Gallery Double Chromatic Harp by Henry Greenway, Brooklyn, ca. 1895 NMM 5728. Double chromatic harp by Henry Greenway, Brooklyn, New York, ca. 1895. Birdseye-maple resonator and columns. Seventy-four strings; forty-three on neck to player’s left; thirty-one on neck to player’s right (FF-f4). Signed on interior of arch, at player’s left, in gold and black paint: H. GREENWAY / INVENTOR & MANUFACTURER / 545 ATLANTIC ST. / BROOKLYN, N.Y.

Harpotherside1smallDoubleharp4small

Chromatic Double Harp CHROMATIC / HARP / H. GREENWAY / Inventor and Sole Maker. Gilded gesso ornamentation at tops, bottoms, and centers of columns, featuring roses, five-petal flowers, leaves, and a shield at columns’ crossing point. Interiors of neck arches and soundboard painted with gold scrolling, highlighted in black. Eight soundholes in back. No pedals. Height 165.6 cm (65-3/16″). Length of longest string: 56″ Purchase funds gift of Carole and Bruce Stavens Sioux City Iowa 1994 Harp_Lesson4_Girls_4_Harps_Interview_2 (1)harpist-on-stage-8 (1).jpg

References

1994 Acquisitions Include Rare Pianos, Harp, Woodwinds,” The Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter, Vol. 22, No. 2 (January 1995), p. 2.

André P. Larson, “Double Chromatic Harp by Henry Greenway,” South Dakota Musician, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Spring 1995), p. 28.

SWEET POTATO FAVOURITES

1494-2TSweet potatoes are always a versatile, healthy option for breakfast; they’re loaded with fiber, nutrients, including beta-carotene, vitamins A and C, and antioxidants. Aside that, they can be grilled, baked, mashed and grilled. Another great way to enjoy sweet potatoes is to cook them into savory porridge. This delicious sweet potato recipe is perfect for cold weather; it’s a comfort food you can enjoy as breakfast or lunch, you only need few ingredients to make it tasty. To prepare sweet potato porridge see recipe for explanation.IMG_20180421_105154

Ingredients You Will Need

1. 5 medium sweet potatoes
2. 1 medium fish (mackerel or Salmon)
3. 5 medium tomatoes
4. 3 red bell peppers
5. 2 scotch bonnet peppers
6. 2 tablespoon ground crayfish
7. 2 stock cubes
8. 1 medium ginger
9. 1 chopped spring onion, ugu, spinach
10. 1 medium onion
11. 1-teaspoon turmeric powder
12. 1-teaspoon thyme
13. ¼ cup of peanut oilIMG_20180421_105130

Prepare Healthy Sweet Potato Porridge

1. Peel sweet potatoes, dice into medium sizes, rinse with water put into a pot.
2. Add water to cover the potatoes and place on heat to cook for 15 minutes.
3. As potatoes cook blend tomatoes with peppers, chop onion, spring onion.
4. Season and cook fish to extract rich stock, take out middle bones and shred the fish with a fork and set aside.
5. Once the sweet potatoes are cooked, drain from the liquid and set aside, add peanut oil in wide pot placed on heat.
6. Add chopped onions and ginger to the oil and fry for 30 seconds till fragrant.3757241
13845411547417. Add blended tomatoes to oil and cook for 10 minutes for the liquid to reduce.
8. Season tomato sauce with turmeric powder, stock cubes, salt, thyme, pepper Cook the sauce until thickens.
9. Bring boiled potatoes to sauce, stir properly, add shredded fish and spring onion/spinach, stir well to incorporate.
Leave the porridge to cook on low heat for 5 minutes. Take it off heat and serve it warm or as you desire.Chicken-Sweet-Potato-and-Black-Bean-Stew-2-694x1024

Directions

  • Prep Time: 5 mins
  • Cook Time:25 mins
  • Total Time:30 mins
  • Yield: 4-6

INGREDIENTS

  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 large onion, diced
  • 4 cups chicken broth
  • 1 14-oz. can (small can) fire roasted diced tomatoes
  • 1 15-oz. can (small can) black beans, or 1.5 cups cooked black beans, drained and rinsed
  • 1 heaping teaspoon smoked paprika
  • salt and pepper, to taste
  • 2 small-medium sweet potatoes, diced (about 3-4 cups total)
  • 2 cups cooked shredded chicken (such as rotisserie)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley, plus more for garnishSweet-Potato-Skins-recipe

Preheat oven to 375 degrees F. Place sweet potatoes on sheet tray and bake for 1 hour or until soft. Remove from oven and let stand till cool enough to handle. Split potatoes and remove the flesh to a medium sized bowl, reserving skins. In other bowl, add brown sugar, butter and cream cheese and the all of the spices and mash with fork or rubber spatula. Add butter and cream cheese mixture to the sweet potato flesh and fold in completely. Add the filling back to the potato skins and place on a half sheet tray. Bake for 15 minutes or until golden brown.

NOBODY KNOWS EXACT DAY


Numerous predictions of world apocalyptical eschatological events described in Bible on Christian Rapture, Great Tribulations, Last Judgement, Christ’s Second Coming details people trying to read mind of God. There are those who believe Rapture is imminent and will happen any moment so people must be ready. The sense of urgency in the past was so hyped that people sold belongings then it did not happen. This swung Rapture pendulum the other way so postponed for fear of false alarm.

As various dates contradict others yet each one claims to be accurate. This led many to complain about why Rapture and Second Coming of Jesus did not happen so give up hope of expectations. They live life with attitude of Rapture is delayed so a long way of so make merry, enjoy life, eat, drink, marry, be married, do business as usual. The two extremes are due to discrepancies of calculations of differences in Gregorian or the other calendars confusing some people.

Based on various calendars used times vary concerning exact event ONLY GOD KNOWS. Some argue they do not predict the times or the seasons but pointing guideline clues given to help prepare for Rapture and Second Coming of Jesus. Predictions of the end of world contradict each other because God said NOBODY KNOWS EXACT, DAY OR TIME OR THE HOUR ONLY GOD KNOWS

NOT even Jesus, Saints or angels knows time so why do people claim to know day or time as the following past dates reveal. So datesetting is not the most important thing for Christian believers, it is rather their heart dedicated to God, loving all people and also devoted to Jesus Christ serving and waiting ready for God’s Timing.

Date (CE) Claimant(s) Description Ref.
66–70 Simon bar Giora, Jewish Essenes The Jewish Essene sect of ascetics saw the Jewish uprising against the Romans in 66–70 in Judea as the final end-time battle which would bring about the arrival of the Messiah. By the authority of Simon, coins were minted declaring the redemption of Israel. [1][2]
365 Hilary of Poitiers This early French bishop announced the end of the world would happen during this year. [3]
375–400 Martin of Tours This French bishop stated that the world would end before 400 AD, writing, “There is no doubt that the Antichrist has already been born. Firmly established already in his early years, he will, after reaching maturity, achieve supreme power.” [4][5]
500 Hippolytus of Rome, Sextus Julius Africanus,Irenaeus All three predicted Jesus would return in this year with one of the predictions being based on the dimensions of Noah’s Ark. [6][7]
793 Apr 6 Beatus of Liébana This Spanish monk prophesied the Second Coming of Christ and the end of the world on that day in front of a large crowd of people. [6]
800 Sextus Julius Africanus This Christian historian revised the date of doomsday to 800. [8]
799–806 Gregory of Tours This French bishop calculated the end would occur between 799 and 806. [9]
848 Thiota Declared that the world would end during this year. [10]
992–995 Various Christians Good Fridaycoincided with the Feast of the Annunciation; this had long been believed to be the event that would bring forth the Antichrist, and thus the end-times, within three years. [11]
1000 Jan 1 Pope Sylvester II The Millennium Apocalypse at the end of theChristian Millennium. Various Christian clerics predicted the end of the world on this date, including Pope Sylvester II. Riots occurred in Europe and pilgrims headed east toJerusalem. [12][13]
1033 Various Christians Following the failure of the January 1, 1000, prediction, some theorists proposed that the end would occur 1000 years after Jesus’ death, instead of his birth. [6][14]
1200–1260 Joachim of Fiore This Italian mystic determined that the Millenniumwould begin between 1200 and 1260. [15]
1284 Pope Innocent III Pope Innocent III (died 1216) predicted that the world would end 666 years after the rise ofIslam. [4]
1290
1335
Joachimites After his 1260 prediction failed, the followers of Joachim of Fiore rescheduled the end of the world to 1290 and then again to 1335. [16]
1346–1351 Various Europeans The black plaguespreading across Europe was interpreted by many as the sign of the end of times. [17][18]
1370 Jean de Roquetaillade The Antichrist was to come in 1366 and theMillenniumwould begin either in 1368 or 1370. [19]
1378 Arnaldus de Villa Nova This Joachitewrote that the Antichrist was to come during this year. [20]
1504 Sandro Botticelli Believed he was living during the Tribulation, and that theMillenniumwould begin in three and a half years from 1500. Wrote into his painting The Mystical Nativitythat the Devil was loose and would soon be chained. [21][22]
1524 Feb 1 London astrologers A group of astrologers inLondonpredicted the world would end by a flood starting in London, based on calculations made the previous June. 20,000 Londoners left their homes and headed for higher ground in anticipation. [23][24]
1524 Feb 20 Johannes Stöffler A planetary alignment inPisces was seen by this astrologer as a sign of theMillennium. [23]
1524–1526 Thomas Müntzer 1525 would mark the beginning of theMillennium, according to this Anabaptist. His followers were killed by cannon fire in an uneven battle with government troops. He died under torture and was beheaded. [14][25]
1528 May 27 Hans Hut This GermanAnabaptistpredicted the end would occur on this date. [26]
1528 Johannes Stöffler Revised date from Stöffler after his 1524 prediction failed to come true. [27]
1533 Oct 19 Michael Stifel This mathematician calculated that Judgement Day would begin at 8:00 am on this day. [28]
1533 Melchior Hoffman This Anabaptist prophet predicted Christ’s Second Coming to take place this year in Strasbourg. He claimed that 144,000 people would be saved, while the rest of the world would be consumed by fire. [29]
1534 Apr 5 Jan Matthys Predicted that the Apocalypse would take place on this day and only the city of Münsterwould be spared. [30]
1555 Pierre d’Ailly Around 1400, this French theologian wrote that 6845 years of human history had already passed, and the end of the world would be in the 7000th year. [31]
1585 Michael Servetus In his book The Restoration of Christianity, the Spanish born reformer claimed that the Devil’s reign in this world had started in 325 AD, at theCouncil of Nicea, and would last for 1260 years, thus ending in 1585. [32]
1588 Regiomontanus Predicted the end of the world during this year. [33]
1600 Martin Luther Predicted the end of the world would occur no later than 1600. [34]
1624 Feb 1 London astrologers The same astrologers who predicted the deluge of February 1, 1524, recalculated the date to February 1, 1624, after their first prophecy failed. [23][24]
1648 Sabbatai Zevi Using thekabbalah, this rabbi fromSmyrna, Turkey, proclaimed that the Messiahwould come during that year. [33]
1651 Unknown author fromLübeck,Germany The apocalypse maps tell of an Antichrist, the rise of Islam and other events following Judgement Day that was predicted to occur in 1651. [35][36]
1654 Helisaeus Roeslin This physician made a prediction that the world would end this year based on a novathat occurred in 1572. [37]
1656 Christopher Columbus In his Book of Prophecies(1501), Columbus predicted that the world would end during this year. [38][39]
1655–1657 Fifth Monarchists This group of radical Christians predicted that the final apocalyptic battle and the destruction of the Antichrist were to take place between 1655 and 1657. [40]
1658 Christopher Columbus Columbus claimed that the world was created in 5343 BC, and would last 7000 years. Assuming no year zero, that means the end would come in 1658. [41]
1660 Joseph Mede Mede claimed that the Antichrist had appeared in 456, and the end would come in 1660. [42]
1666 Sabbatai Zevi Following his failed prediction of 1648, Zevi recalculated the end of the Earth for this year. [33]
Fifth Monarchists The presence of666 in the date, the death of 100,000Londoners tobubonic plague, and the Great Fire of Londonled to superstitious fears of the end of the world from some Christians. [43][44]
1673 William Aspinwall This Fifth Monarchistclaimed theMillenniumwould begin by this year. [45]
1688 John Napier This mathematician calculated the end of the world would be this year based on calculations from the Book of Revelation. [46]
1689 Pierre Jurieu This prophet predicted that Judgement Day would occur this year. [47]
1694 John Mason This Anglican priest predicted the Millenniumwould begin by this year. [48]
Johann Heinrich Alsted Predicted theMillenniumwould begin by this year. [49]
Johann Jacob Zimmermann Believed that Jesus would return and the world would end this year. [50]
1697 Cotton Mather This Puritan minister predicted the world would end this year. After the prediction failed, he revised the date of the end two more times. [30]
1700 John Napier Following his 1688 prediction, Napier recalculated his end of the world prediction to 1700 in A Plaine Discovery, a book published in 1593. [51]
Henry Archer In his 1642 work, The Personall Reigne of Christ Upon Earth, Archer predicted the Second Coming of Jesus would occur in approximately this year. [52]
1705–1708 Camisards Camisard prophets predicted the end of the world would occur in either 1705, 1706 or 1708. [47]
1716 Cotton Mather Revised prediction from Mather after his 1697 prediction failed to come true. [30]
1719 Apr 5 Jacob Bernoulli This mathematician predicted a comet would destroy the Earth on this day. [37]
1700–1734 Nicholas of Cusa This cardinal predicted the end would occur between 1700 and 1734. [53]
1736 Oct 16 William Whiston Whiston predicted acomet colliding with the Earth this year. [54]
1736 Cotton Mather Mather’s third and final prediction for the end of the world. [30]
1757 Emanuel Swedenborg Swedenborg claimed that theLast Judgementoccurred in the spiritual world this year. [55][56]
1780 May 19 Connecticut General Assemblymembers, New Englanders The sky turning dark during the day wasinterpreted as a sign of the end times. The primary cause of the event is believed to have been a combination of smoke from forest fires, a thick fog, and cloud cover. [57]
1789 Pierre d’Ailly The year 1789 would bring the coming of the Antichrist, according to this 14th-century cardinal. [58]
1792
1794
Shakers Predicted the world would end in both 1792 and 1794. [30]
1795 Nov 19 Nathaniel Brassey Halhed While campaigning forRichard Brothers‘ release, Halhead proclaimed that the world would end on this day. [59]
1793–1795 Richard Brothers This retired sailor stated theMillenniumwould begin between 1793 and 1795. He was eventually committed to an insane asylum. [53]
1805 Christopher Love This Presbyterian minister predicted the destruction of the world by earthquake in 1805, followed by an age of everlasting peace when God would be known by all. [60]
1806 Mary Bateman In Leeds, England, in 1806 a hen began laying eggs on which the phrase “Christ is coming” was written. Eventually it was discovered to be a hoax. The owner, Mary Bateman, had written on the eggs in a corrosive ink so as to etch the eggs, and reinserted the eggs back into the hen’soviduct. [61][62]
1814 Oct 19 Joanna Southcott This 64-year-old self-described prophet claimed she was pregnant with the Christ child, and that he would be born on October 19, 1814. She died later that year having not delivered a child, and an autopsy proved she had not been pregnant. [63]
1836 Johann Albrecht Bengel In the 1730s he proclaimed that, based on a careful study of the prophecies of the Bible, Judgment Day would come in 1836, with the pope as the anti-Christ and theFreemasonsrepresenting the “false prophet” of Revelations. [64]
1836 John Wesley Wesley, the founder of theMethodistChurch, foresaw the Millenniumbeginning this year. He wrote that Revelation 12:14 referred to 1058 to 1836, “when Christ should come”. [61][65]
1843 Apr 28
1843 Dec 31
Millerites Although it was not officially endorsed by their leadership, many Millerites expected the Second Coming to occur on April 28 or at the end of 1843. [66]
1843 Harriet Livermore The first of two years this preacher predicted the world would end. [67]
1844 Mar 21 William Miller Miller predicted Christ would return on this day. [68]
1844 Oct 22 Millerites After Christ did not return on March 21, 1844, the Milleritesthen revisedWilliam Miller‘s prediction to October 22, 1844, claiming to have miscalculated Scripture. The realization that the predictions were incorrect resulted in theGreat Disappointment. [68][69]
1847 Aug 7 George Rapp Rapp, the founder of theHarmony Society, preached that Jesus would return in his lifetime, even as he lay dying on August 7, 1847. [70]
1847 Harriet Livermore The second prediction of the end of the world from this preacher. [67]
1853–1856 Various Many people[who?]thought theCrimean Warwas the Battle of Armageddon. [71]
1862 John Cumming This Scottish clergyman stated it was 6000 years since Creation in 1862, and that the world would end. [72]
Joseph Morris An English convert toMormonism, Morris had revelations to gather his followers and wait for theSecond Coming, through successive prophesied days. [73]
1863 John Wroe The founder of the Christian Israelite Churchcalculated that the Millenniumwould begin this year. [63]
1873 Jonas Wendell In 1870, Wendell published his views in the booklet entitledThe Present Truth, or Meat in Due Seasonconcluding that the Second Advent was sure to occur in 1873. [74]
1874 Charles Taze Russell Predicted the return of Jesus to occur in 1874, and after this date reinterpreted the prediction to say that Jesus had indeed returned in invisible form. [75][76]
1875-1925 Wilford Woodruff Apostle of theChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “[…] the Lord has not revealed to man the day or the hour, but he has revealed the generation […] It is my faith that hundreds and thousands of the children that have been given to us will be alive in the flesh when Christ comes in the clouds of heaven in power and great glory.” Historical life expectancy for Americans in 1875 was 50 years. [77]
1881 Mother Shipton(attrib.) This 15th-century prophet was quoted as saying “The world to an end shall come, In eighteen hundred and eighty one” in a book published in 1862. In 1873 it was revealed to be a forgery; however, this did not stop some people from expecting the end. [78]
1890 Wovoka The founder of the Ghost Dancemovement predicted in 1889 that theMillenniumwould occur in 1890. [79]
1901 Catholic Apostolic Church This church, founded in 1831, claimed that Jesus would return by the time the last of its 12 founding members died. The last member died in 1901. [80]
1908, Apr 23 Michael Paget Baxter The last of numerous apocalyptic predictions by this Anglicanevangelist and author; this being published in Future Wonders of Prophecy(1894). [81]
1910 Camille Flammarion Flammarion predicted that the 1910 appearance of Halley’s Comet“would impregnate that atmosphere and possibly snuff out all life on the planet”, but not the planet itself. “Comet pills” were sold to protect against toxic gases. [69][82]
1892–1911 Charles Piazzi Smyth Thispyramidologistconcluded from his research on the dimensions of the Great Pyramid of Giza that the Second Coming would occur somewhere between 1892 and 1911. [83]
1914 Charles Taze Russell Russell said “…the battle of the great day of God Almighty… The date of the close of that “battle” is definitely marked in Scripture as October 1914. It is already in progress, its beginning dating from October, 1874.” [84]
1915 John Chilembwe This Baptist educator and leader of a rebellion in the British protectorate ofNyasalandpredicted theMillenniumwould begin this year. [79]
1918 International Bible Students Association “Christendom shall be cut off and glorification of the Little Flock (The Church) in the Spring of 1918 A. D.” [85]
1920 International Bible Students Association In 1918, Christendom would go down as a system to oblivion and be succeeded by revolutionary governments. God would “destroy the churches wholesale and the church members by the millions.” Church members would “perish by the sword of war, revolution and anarchy.” The dead would lie unburied. In 1920 all earthly governments would disappear, with worldwide anarchy prevailing. [86]
1925 Feb 13 Margaret Rowen According to this Seventh-Day Adventist, the angelGabrielappeared before her in a vision and told her that the world would end at midnight on this date. [87]
1926 Spencer Perceval Son of theformer Prime Minister of Britain and one of the 12 apostles of theCatholic Apostolic Church. He believed that the world was growing nearer and nearer to the Apocalypse due to what he viewed as the rampant immorality of the times in Europe. [88]
1935 Sep Wilbur Glenn Voliva This evangelist announced that “the world is going to go ‘puff’ and disappear” in September 1935. [89]
1936 Herbert W. Armstrong The founder of the Worldwide Church of Godtold members of his church that the Rapture was to take place in 1936, and that only they would be saved. After the prophecy failed, he changed the date three more times. [90]
1941 Jehovah’s Witnesses A prediction of the end from the Jehovah’s Witnesses, a group which branched from the Bible Student movement. [91]
1943 Herbert W. Armstrong The first of three revised dates from Armstrong after his 1936 prediction failed to come true. [90]
1947 John Ballou Newbrough The author ofOahspe: A New Bible foresaw the destruction of all nations and the beginning of post-apocalyptic anarchy in this year. [78]
1954 Dec 21 Dorothy Martin The world was to be destroyed by terrible flooding on this date, claimed this leader of a UFO cult calledBrotherhood of the Seven Rays. The fallout of the group after the prediction failed was the basis for the 1956 bookWhen Prophecy Fails. [92]
1959 Apr 22 Florence Houteff The second prophet of theBranch Davidianspredicted the apocalypse foretold in theBook of Revelationwould proceed on this date. The failure of the prophecy led to the split of the sect into several subsects, the most prominent led by Benjamin and Lois Roden. [93]
1962 Feb 4 Jeane Dixon, various Indian astrologers Dixon predicted a planetary alignment on this day was to bring destruction to the world. Mass prayer meetings were held inIndia. [94][95]
1967 Aug 20 George Van Tassel This day would mark the beginning of the third woe of the Apocalypse, during which thesoutheastern USwould be destroyed by a Soviet nuclear attack, according to this UFO prophet, who claimed to have channeled an alien namedAshtar. [96]
1967 Jim Jones The founder of the People’s Temple stated he had visions that a nuclear holocaust was to take place in 1967. [97]
1969 Aug 9 George Williams The founder of the Church of the Firstbornpredicted the Second Coming of Christ would occur on this day. [98]
1969 Charles Manson Mansonpredicted that an apocalypticrace war would occur in 1969. [99]
1972 Herbert W. Armstrong The second of three revised dates from Armstrong after his 1936 and 1943 predictions failed to come true. [90]
1974 Jan David Berg Berg, the leader of Children of God, predicted that there would be a colossal doomsday event heralded byComet Kohoutek. [100]
1975 Herbert W. Armstrong Armstrong’s fourth and final prediction. [90]
Jehovah’s Witnesses From 1966 on, Jehovah’s Witnesses published articles which stated that the fall of 1975 would be 6000 years since man’s creation, and suggested thatArmageddoncould be finished by then. [101]
1976 Brahma Kumaris The Brahma Kumaris founder, Lekhraj Kirpalani, has made a number of predictions of a global Armageddon which the religion believes it will inspire, internally calling it “Destruction”. During Destruction, Brahma Kumari leaders teach the world will be purified, all of the rest of humanity killed by nuclear or civil wars and natural disasters which will include the sinking of all other continents except India. [102]
1977 John Wroe The founder of the Christian Israelite Churchpredicted this year forArmageddon to occur. [78]
William M. Branham This Christian minister predicted the Rapture would occur no later than 1977. [103]
1980 Leland Jensen In 1978 Jensen predicted that there would be a nuclear disaster in 1980, followed by two decades of conflict, culminating inGod’s Kingdombeing established on Earth. [104]
1981 Chuck Smith The founder ofCalvary Chapelpredicted the generation of 1948 would be the last generation, and that the world would end by 1981. Smith identified that he “could be wrong” but continued to say in the same sentence that his prediction was “a deep conviction in my heart, and all my plans are predicated upon that belief.” [105][106]
1982 Apr–Jun Tara Centers Full-page ads in many newspapers April 24 and 25, 1982, stated that “The Christ is Now Here!” and that he would make himself known “within the next two months”. [107]
1982 Mar 10 John Gribbin, Stephen Plagemann Predicted in their 1974 bookThe Jupiter Effect that combined gravitational forces of aligned planets would create a number of catastrophes, including a great earthquake on the San Andreas Fault. [108][82]
1982 Jun 21 Benjamin Creme Creme took out an ad in the Los Angeles Timesstating that the Second Coming would occur in June 1982 with the Maitreyaannouncing it on worldwide television. [109]
1982 Pat Robertson In late 1976 on his 700 Club TV programme, Robertson predicted that the end of the world would come in this year. [110]
1985 Lester Sumrall This minister predicted the end in this year, even writing a book about it entitled I Predict 1985. [111]
1986 Apr 29 Leland Jensen Jensen predicted thatHalley’s Cometwould be pulled into Earth’s orbit on April 29, 1986, causing widespread destruction. [112]
1987 Aug 17 José Argüelles Argüelles claimed thatArmageddonwould take place unless 144,000 people gathered in certain places across the world in order to “resonate in harmony” on this day. [113]
1988 Sep 11–13, Oct 3 Edgar C. Whisenant Whisenant predicted in his book 88 Reasons Why the Rapture Could Be in 1988that the Rapture of the Christian Church would occur between September 11 and 13, 1988. After his September predictions failed to come true, Whisenant revised his prediction date to October 3. [114]
1989 Sep 30 Edgar C. Whisenant After all his 1988 predictions failed to come true, Whisenant revised his prediction date to this day. [114]
1990 Apr 23 Elizabeth Clare Prophet Prophet predicted a nuclear war would start on this day, with the world ending 12 years later, leading her followers to stockpile a shelter with supplies and weapons. Later, after Prophet’s prediction did not come to pass, she was diagnosed withepilepsy andAlzheimer’s disease. [115][116]
1991 Sep 9 Menachem Mendel Schneerson This Russian-born rabbi called for the Messiah to come by the start of theJewish New Year. [117]
1991 Louis Farrakhan The leader of the Nation of Islam declared that the Gulf War would be the “War of Armageddon which is the final war.” [118]
1992 Sep 28 Rollen Stewart This born-again Christian predicted the Rapture would take place on this day. [119]
1992 Oct 28 Lee Jang Rim(이장림 or 李長林) Lee, the leader of the Dami Mission church, predicted the rapture would occur on this day. [120]
1993 David Berg Berg predicted the tribulationwould start in 1989 and that the Second Coming would take place in 1993. [121]
1994 May 2 Neal Chase This Bahá’í sectleader predicted that New Yorkwould be destroyed by a nuclear bomb on March 23, 1994, and the Battle of Armageddon would take place 40 days later. [122]
1994 Sep 6/29, Oct 2 Harold Camping Camping predicted the Rapture would occur on September 6, 1994. When it failed to occur he revised the date to September 29 and then to October 2. [123][124]
1995 Mar 31 Harold Camping Camping’s fourth predicted date for the end. This would be Camping’s last prediction until 2011. [123]
1996 Dec 17 Sheldan Nidle Californian psychic Sheldan Nidle predicted that the world would end on this date, with the arrival of 16 million space ships and a host of angels. [125]
1997 Mar 26 Marshall Applewhite Applewhite, leader of theHeaven’s Gate cult, claimed that a spacecraft was trailing theComet Hale-Bopp and argued that suicide was “the only way to evacuate this Earth” so that the cult members’ souls could board the supposed craft and be taken to another “level of existence above human”. Applewhite and 38 of his followers committed mass suicide. [126]
1997 Aug 10 Aggai The 1st-century bishop ofEdessapredicted this date to be the birth date of the Antichrist and the end of the universe. [127]
1997 Oct 23 James Ussher This 17th-century Irish archbishop predicted this date to be 6000 years since Creation, and therefore the end of the world. [128]
1998 Mar 31 Chen Tao(陳恆明) Hon-Ming Chen, leader of the Taiwanese cultGod’s Salvation Church, or Chen Tao – “The True Way” – claimed that God would come to Earth in a flying saucer at 10:00 am on this date. Moreover, God would have the same physical appearance as Chen himself. Chen chose to base his cult inGarland, Texas, because he thought it sounded like “God’s Land.” On March 25, God was to appear on channel 18 on every TV set in the US. [129]
1999 Jul Nostradamus A quatrain by Nostradamus which stated the “King of Terror” would come from the sky in “1999 and seven months” was frequently interpreted as a prediction of doomsday in July 1999. [130]
1999 Aug 18 The Amazing Criswell The predicted date of the end of the world, according to this psychic well known for predictions. [131]
1999 Sep 11 Philip Berg Berg, dean of the worldwideKabbalah Centre, stated that on this date “a ball of fire will descend, destroying almost all of mankind, all vegetation, all forms of life.” [132]
1999 Charles Berlitz This linguist predicted the end would occur in this year. He did not predict how it would occur, stating that it might involve nuclear devastation, asteroid impact, pole shift or other Earth changes. [133]
Hon-Ming Chen The leader of the cult Chen Tao preached that a nuclear holocaust would destroy Europe and Asia in 1999. [134]
James Gordon Lindsay This preacher predicted the great tribulation would begin before 2000. [135]
Timothy Dwight IV This president of Yale Universityforesaw Christ’sMillenniumstarting by 2000. [136]
Nazim Al-Haqqani Predicted that the Last Judgmentwould occur before 2000. [137]
2000 Jan 1 Various During and before 1999 there was widespread predictions of aY2K computer bug that would crash many computers on midnight of December 31, 1999, and cause malfunctions leading to major catastrophes worldwide, and that society would cease to function. [82]
Credonia Mwerinde,Joseph Kibweteere An estimated 778 followers of this Ugandanreligious movement perished in a devastating fire and a series of poisonings and killings that were either agroup suicide or an orchestratedmass murder by group leaders after their predictions of the apocalypse failed to come about. [138][139]
Jerry Falwell Falwell foresaw God pouring out his judgement on the world on this day. [140]
Tim LaHaye,Jerry B. Jenkins These Christian authors stated that the Y2K bug would trigger global economic chaos, which the Antichrist would use to rise to power. As the date approached, however, they changed their minds. [141]
2000 Apr 6 James Harmston The leader of the True and Living Church of Jesus Christ of Saints of the Last Dayspredicted the Second Coming of Christ would occur on this day. [142]
2000 May 5 Nuwaubian Nation This movement claimed that the planetary lineup would cause a “star holocaust”, pulling the planets toward the Sun on this day. [143]
2000 Peter Olivi This 13th-century theologian wrote that the Antichrist would come to power between 1300 and 1340, and the Last Judgement would take place around 2000. [144]
Isaac Newton Newton predicted that Christ’s Millennium would begin in 2000 in his bookObservations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John. [145]
Ruth Montgomery This self-described Christian psychic predicted the Earth’s axis would shift and the Antichrist would reveal himself in this year. [146]
Edgar Cayce This psychic predicted the Second Coming would occur this year. [147]
Sun Myung Moon The founder of the Unification Churchpredicted the Kingdom of Heaven would be established in this year. [148]
Ed Dobson This pastor predicted the end would occur in his book The End: Why Jesus Could Return by A.D. 2000. [149]
Lester Sumrall This minister predicted the end in his book I Predict 2000. [150]
Jonathan Edwards This 18th-century preacher predicted that Christ’s thousand-year reign would begin in this year. [151]
2001 Tynnetta Muhammad This columnist for the Nation of Islam predicted the end would occur in this year. [152]
2003 May 27 Nancy Lieder Lieder originally predicted the date for theNibiru collisionas May 2003. According to her website, aliens in the Zeta Reticuli star system told her through messages via a brain implant of a planet which would enter our solar system and cause a pole shift on Earth that would destroy most of humanity. [153]
2003 Oct 30–Nov 29 Aum Shinrikyo This Japanese cult predicted the world would be destroyed by a nuclear war between October 30 and November 29, 2003. [154]
2006 Sep 12 House of Yahweh Yisrayl Hawkins, pastor and overseer of The House of Yahweh, predicted in his February 2006 newsletter that a nuclear war would begin on September 12, 2006. [155]
2007 Apr 29 Pat Robertson In his 1990 bookThe New Millennium, Robertson suggests this date as the day of Earth’s destruction. [156]
2010 Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn This order predicted the world would end during this year. [157]
2011 May 21 Harold Camping Camping predicted that the Rapture and devastating earthquakeswould occur on May 21, 2011, with God taking approximately 3% of the world’s population into Heaven, and that the end of the world would occur five months later on October 21. [158]
2011 Sep 29 Ronald Weinland Ronald Weinland stated Jesus Christ would return on this day. He prophesied nuclear explosions in U.S. port cities by July 2008 as the blowing of the Second Trumpet of Revelation. After his prophecy failed to come true he changed the date for the return of Jesus Christ to May 27, 2012. [159]
2011 Oct 21 Harold Camping When his original prediction failed to come about, Camping revised his prediction and said that on May 21, a “Spiritual Judgment” took place, and that both the physical Rapture and the end of the world would occur on October 21, 2011. [158]
2011 Aug–Oct Various There were fears amongst the public thatComet Elenintravelling almost directly between Earth and the Sun would cause disturbances to the Earth’s crust, causing massive earthquakes and tidal waves. Others predicted that Elenin would collide with Earth on October 16. Scientists tried to calm fears by stating that none of these events were possible. [160]
2012 May 27 Ronald Weinland Ronald Weinland stated that Jesus Christ would return and the world would end on this day. [161]
2012 Jun 30 José Luis de Jesús José Luis de Jesús predicted that the world’s governments and economies would fail on this day, and that he and his followers would undergo a transformation that would allow them to fly and walk through walls. [162]
2012 Dec 21 Various The 2012 phenomenonpredicted the world would end at the end of the13th b’ak’tun. The Earth would be destroyed by an asteroid, Nibiru, or some other interplanetary object; an alien invasion; or asupernova.Mayanistscholars stated that no extantclassic Maya accountsforecasted impending doom, and that the idea that the Long Count calendar ends in 2012 misrepresentedMaya historyand culture. Scientists fromNASA, along with expert archeologists, stated that none of those events were possible. [163][164]
2013 Aug 23 Grigori Rasputin Rasputin prophesied a storm would take place on this day where fire would destroy most life on land and Jesus Christ would come back to Earth to comfort those in distress. [165]
2014 Apr – 2015 Sep John Hageeand Mark Biltz The so-calledblood moon prophecy, first predicted by Mark Blitz in 2008 and then by John Hageein 2014. These Christian ministers claim that the tetrad in 2014 and 2015 may represent the beginning of the Messianicend times. [166]
2017 Sep 23 – Oct 25 David Meade Author and conspiracy theorist David Meade predicted that Nibiru would become visible in the Earth’s sky and that said planet would then “soon” destroy the Earth and Armageddon would take place during this date. [167]

Future dates

Date (CE) Claimant(s) Description Ref.
2020 Jeane Dixon This American psychic claimed that Armageddon would take place in 2020, and Jesuswill return to defeat the unholy trinity of the Antichrist,Satan, and theFalse prophetbetween 2020 and 2037. She had also previously predicted the world would end on February 4, 1962. [168]
2021 F. Kenton Beshore This American pastor bases his prediction on the prior suggestion that Jesus would return in 1988, i.e., within one biblical generation (40 years) of the founding of Israel in 1948. Beshore argues that the prediction was correct, but that the definition of a biblical generation was incorrect and was actually 70–80 years, placing the Second Coming of Jesus between 2018 and 2028 and the Rapture by 2021 at the latest. [169]
2026 Messiah Foundation International Members predict that the world will end in 2026, when an asteroid would collide with Earth in accordance withRiaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi‘s predictions in The Religion of God. [170]
2060 Isaac Newton In an unpublished manuscript, Newton gave a date of 2060 which was falsely reported as a date for the end of days.[171] He was against date setting. Rather, he gave it as a date before which it could not happen. He later revised this date to 2016.[172][173] [174]
2129 Said Nursî According to abjadinterpretation of ahadith, this Sunni Muslim theologian who wrote the Risale-i Nur Collection, which expects the end in 2129. [175]
2239 Talmud,Orthodox Judaism According to an opinion about the Talmud in mainstream Orthodox Judaism, the Messiah will come within 6000 years of the creation of Adam, and the world may be destroyed 1000 years later. This would put the beginning of the period of desolation in 2239 CE and the end of the period of desolation in 3239 CE. [176]
2280 Rashad Khalifa According to this Egyptian-American biochemist’s research on the Quran, the world will end during that year.