RUNNING AN EXTRA MILE

Katie Cooke, Dr Colin DohertyAmong runners one moment a woman, collapsed on the ground and frothing at the mouth the next. For a short time she is lost to the convulsion and then she scrambles to her feet and sprints away. Katie Cooke will not let epilepsy get in the way of a race. The 19 year old student from Cherrywood South Dublin has what her specialist doctor calls “an arsenal of epilepsy, contends with 15 convulsions daily that makes her unconscious. Katie said, “her whole body shakes feeling her muscles jump, like everything has been sucked out of her so cannot breathe. So every single day she often loses control.  Despite having to cope with multiple seizures, Cooke won prestigious events including her age group in the Dublin City Marathon and she runs 5km in under 17 minutes. She is often seen pounding the streets with her running partner, Dr Colin Doherty, who is her consultant neurologist. But she was not always so athletic.Katie Cooke with a running trophy

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Diagnosed at the age of nine with frontal lobe epilepsy, she managed condition with medication until it deteriorated when puberty hit and her hormones started “kicking up.”She was not able to get out of bed, unable to do anything for herself and could not really speak. My Mum was dressing and showering me,” she says. Cooke was admitted to Our Lady’s Children’s Hospital in Crumlin where she remained for 10 months. Despite being involved in numerous medical trials she regressed, lost control of her back and hips, and by the time she was discharged she wasn’t able to walk. And she could not hold herself up in a wheelchair for about seven months but being stubborn person wanted to prove to people what she could do. After a lot of physio started jogging every day and started to absolutely love the freedom.

Katie Cooke in a wheelchair

Image copyrightKATIE COOKE

Cooke now runs every day and says a missed session sees the tiredness and dizziness of her earlier condition return.  Running only alleviates her symptoms, it has not been a cure. The raised heart rate brought on by running triggers more seizures than if she did not run, but Cooke says it improves her general well-being which is a negative worth accepting. Her neurologist, Dr Doherty, has weighed up the pros and cons from a medical perspective. “The particular challenges of having epilepsy and long-distance running are similar to walking challenges too and I think the general benefits outweigh these risks,” he says. “If you took the average long-distance runner and measured all their health parameters against someond who does not run you would find, no matter what disease or disorder they carry with them, they are better off.” So health conditions affected by starting exercise, it is always important to consult your doctor first.


Dr Colin Doherty explains epilepsy

Various scientific images of brains

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The brain consists of about three billion cells and all of these cells are active, but they do not fire together, the brain is a de-synchronised machine. A signature of epilepsy is the cells fire together in a synchronised way. If a million cells fire together it causes a change in behaviour, when all three billion cells fire together that causes convulsion or a fit. There are about 40 distinct types of epilepsy. In some cases people will just stare blankly, others will wander around in a confused state and there are those who fall to the ground with convulsions. Competitive running was initially a non-starter for Cooke. As soon as she had a convulsion during a race paramedics withdraw her from the event, but a chance comment at one of her consultations led Doherty to offer himself as her running partner and he has kept her on track ever since.  He says: “I’m a specialist in epilepsy but my sole role when running with Katie is to stop people from taking her off in an ambulance. I just stand there and say ‘Katie’s fine, I’m her doctor, she’s going to recover.” Despite Cooke’s seizures, the nature of her epilepsy means her body does not require lengthy recovery time, she is able to immediately get up and run again. Doherty believes it is her fitness levels which help with recovery._93538541_mediaitem93538539.jpg


Hear more from Katie and Colin

Listen to the BBC Ouch talk-show to find out more about Katie Cooke, Dr Colin Doherty and their running partnership. “Katie is a very serious runner, and she trains properly. I’m very confident that this is a really positive experience for her,” he says. As well as sport, college, Cooke also has to navigate a social life and relationship with partner Jack, a role most daunting at night when Cooke’s seizure’s make her scream, thrash around and cause the bed to shake and shudder. Cooke says: “He’s one of the most chilled people I know and he sleeps through my seizures which is a bit weird. He wakes up for the odd one because some are quite violent and was slapped in the face before, but he just falls asleep again.” In terms of intimacy Cooke says sex does not trigger seizures, although a fit can occur at such times, and women report an increase in convulsions around the time of ovulation and their period.Jack and Katie Cooke

Image copyrightKATIE COOKE

Her nightime seizures are accompanied by hallucinations of a shadowy man who she says “comes for her” and it is these which leave her most exhausted. She does not sleep well at all,” she says. Her education suffered and she missed the majority of secondary school. Despite that, she managed to cram three years worth of curriculum for the Irish Leaving Certificate into one year, secured a place at college to study sports management. Doherty calls her a “remarkable young woman” for all she has achieved while handling so many severe convulsions on a daily basis. When people watch Katie drop to the floor mid-run it is alarming but Doherty believes being public about it will help others with the condition. So there is need to facilitate people to live a normal life as possible and they need to be encouraged to do everything, he says. The biggest barrier is not the safety issue but the perceptions of other people.”

For more Disability News, follow BBC Ouch onTwitter and Facebook, and subscribe to theweekly podcast.

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EZEKIEL’S VISIONS OF GOD

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God is physically seen on heaven throne by Ezekiel 1-3 in Bible as Omnipresence of God connects to earth directly. God’s Omniscient Eyes, God’s Omnipotent Powerful postion is revealed to Ezekiel in vision. God propels chariot throne movement actions by God’s Divine Nature, Glory, Supreme, Immanent Existence extending into all HIS created universe. Ezekiel sleeping on one side 430 days, accomplished by lunar-solar calendar year in 13th month Ezekiel completes assignment with days to spare. Torah revelation by God in this vision to Ezekiel of cherubim, seraphim, chariot, Spirit and wheels give insight to heaven. This vision vividly displays the Majesty and Glory of God sitting on His Throne, fully in control in 13th year, 4th month, on 5th day of month. Ezekiel was among captives by river Chebar in Babylon in Iraq when heavens opened and saw visions of God Almighty. In 5th year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity into Babylon the word of the LORD God to Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by river Chebar the hand of the LORD was upon him. As he looked and saw a whirlwind out of the north, a great cloud and fire unfolding brightly as colour of amber out of midst of fire. In vision 4 living creatures with appearance of men had 4 faces of a man, face of lion, on right side, face of ox on left side and face of eagle. God’s consuming fire surrounds HIS Glory. Ezekiel’s visions have symbolic meanings for Christian believers, Israel and the whole world. So each face represents the chief creatures of their domains man over all creatures, lion over all wild creatures, ox over all domesticated creatures, and the eagle over the birds of the air. All the 4 living creatures with 4 faces stand before the throne of the Sovereign God.Four_Living_Creatures.jpgThose searching God’s Perfection see in Christ HIS Son the Firstborn of creation Jesus Christ HIS brightness round about HIM. Jesus possesses all these qualities of each face of the angels. The likeness of living creatures comes in the midst of God’s fire as these angels derive their being and power from God and Christ. So they have an understanding of a man far more than a mere mortal. The Lion of Judah Jesus Excels in great strength and boldness to rule as the KING of Kings. An ox excels in diligent patience, unwearied work plowing rich fields for abundant harvest providing providence and also sustenance. An eagle soars so excels in quickness as believers mount up with wings like eagles soaring high. Angels, excel in many ways with 4 wings and so the business God is quickly done. They stand straight, firm, steady, tall used the wings for motion, hands or feet straight and sole of their feet like sole of a calf foot, sparkled like colour of burnished brass. They had the hands of a man under their wings on 4 sides and 4 faces.   bc7a122b8b6923c1d3bd92b07fc3fb89.jpgTheir 4 wings joined one to another so they did not turn when they went about straight forward. Their 4 faces were the face of a man, face of a lion, on the right side, the face of an ox on left side and the face of eagle and each had 4 wings.  Their wings stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies. They went everyone straight forward where spirit was to go they went and they turned not around as they went about. Likeness of living creatures appear as burning coals of fire in the appearance of lamps up and down among the living creatures. The fire was bright and out of the fire went forth lightning. Isaiah 6:1, and Ezekiel’s 10:1, Daniel 7:9 in Isaiah’s Vision all see and describe God on the throne. Isaiah’s Vision in the year of King Uzziah’s death of the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted with the train of His Robe filling the room. The living creatures ran and return quickly as flash lightning. The living creatures have a wheel next to them. They have 4 human arms and hands like those of a man. The hand is the symbol of active power and skilfulness in Ps 78.72 seen by Ezekiel imply actions activating commands of God by wisdom, dexterity and vigilance to obey God. And under their wings power emanates from the Visible God moving their 4 hands. Four Headed Cherub.jpgThe 4 faced creatures had feet of a calf. The standard of Judah features as a Lion, Reuben the first-born a man, Ephraim an ox and the tribe of Dan is eagle. The sin of golden calf depicted in Ezekiel vision shows consequences as idolatrous exile, signified in the feet resembling a calf’s hoof. The same depiction in Isaiah 6:2 is covered by wings to shield their sin from the Holy God. Israel followed the spirit of God out of Babylon, out of exile back to the promised land just as out of Egypt. Despite previous sins their feet like calf hooves and legs remain strong following the spirit of God leading them back later into the promised land. Next in vision is heavenly technology of 4 wheels within a wheel. Their appearance and work was like colour of a beryl with the same one likeness. Their appearance and work was a wheel in the middle of a wheel. So when they went on their four sides they turned not when they went about. As for their rings, they were so high that they were awesome and their rings were full of eyes round about them for seeing. When living creatures moved about their wheels went by them and when living creatures were lifted up from the earth the wheels were lifted up. Wherever the spirit went wheels lifted nearby for spirit of living creatures was in wheels. Wherever they went these went and so when they stood these stood; when they were lifted up from the earth wheels lifted up next to them so spirit of living creatures in wheels. The principle of motion in the living beings empowered and propelled by God and wheels. The vision of heaven is connected directly to earth from God’s throne room touching earth on ground.  e6de91dc880c55b3e21d50f99b264259The wheel rings, full of eyes all-seeing like man’s eyes are made in likeness of God in Genesis 1:26. The great number of eyes on the rings symbolize how great is God’s awareness and direction of events. The Bible Scriptures give interpretation according to 1 Peter 1:20 know what God allows us to understand the wheel vision carrying God on throne given to Ezekiel. The likeness of the firmaments on heads of living creatures is colour of  crystal  stretched over their heads above. And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered one side, and every one had two, which covered other side of their bodies. And when they went is heard noise of their wings like the noise of great waters, as the voice of Almighty God, the Voice of God’s speech, as the noise of host when they stood they let down their wings. So the Voice from the firmament was over their heads when they stood and had let down their wings. Above the firmament over their heads was likeness of a throne the appearance of a sapphire stone and upon the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon throne. And the colour of amber appearance of fire round about from within, from the appearance of HIS LOINS upward and downward appearance of fire and it had brightness round about. The appearance of rainbow in the cloud like in the day of rain was appearance of the brightness. God’s Presence surrounded by Rainbow  adds to brilliance of colour covenant of peace between God and man through HIS Grace and Mercy. Appearance of the Glory of LORD God Almighty Ezekiel saw and fell on his face and heard the Voice of God Speak. Although the Jews were in captivity God’s Love for them continued to reassure them of His remembrance. Today no matter the state of any person or the situation, God still shows up to those who call upon God in Christ Jesus to save them everyday. In Daniel 7:7-13 living creatures surround white throne on which the Ancient of Days God Sits. This white throne is in final judgement in Revelations 20:22-15. The 4 beasts differ from the 4 beasts Ezekiel 1 and Revelations 4:6-8 so the lion, calf, eagle and man face creature has 4 wings but in contrast beasts in Revelation Seraphim have six wings. The Book of Isaiah 6:1-8 describes six-wing beings flying around the Throne of God singing “Holy, Holy, Holy.” God creates an amazing variety of no-wing angels, 2 wing angels, 4 wing angels and 6 winged angels as featured.0da6e43818c5f6633353de1b318ba898However, the first beast has the wings removed so stands upright and given mind of man. The 2nd beast resembles a bear with 3 ribs in mouth, told to ‘get up and eat your fill of flesh.’ The third beast resembles leopard with 4 heads as beasts in Ezekiel and Revelations. And beast given authority to rule like dragon beast from sea in Revelations 13. The final beast has large iron teeth used to crush and devour victims trampled underfoot as winepress beast, Revelation 14:18-20 until Jesus Christ Crushes the beast. In Revelations 4:6-8 the 4 living beings in Greek: τέσσαρα ζῷα, tessera zō[i]a are seen in John’s vision. These appear as a lion, ox, man, and eagle in Ezekiel but in a different order. They have six wings, but Ezekiel’s 4 living creatures have 4. In verse 6, they have “eyes all over, front and back so they alert, knowledgeable so nothing escapes notice. The wheels are beside living creatures in Ezekiel 1.18; 10.12, are “full of eyes all around.” The Hebrew word for “wheel” ôpannîm in Jewish literature indicates angelic orders in 1 Enoch 71.7; 3 Enoch 1.8; 7.1; 25.5-6, etc. In Revelation, 4 beasts surround God on red throne of ruby sardius contrasts white throne in Daniel 7:9, Revelations 20:11-15. So these 4 living creatures in prophetic apocalyptic interpretations by Christians vary. 4 living creatures, John of Patmos sees in Revelations and living creatures in visions of Ezekiel 1:5-28 and Isaiah 6:2 are similar but different. Ezekiel_10.22510831_std.jpgIn church history Victorinus, not original or only one said, lion represents Mark, the calf Luke, the man Matthew, and eagles John. Ireneaus was the first to make this association with evangelists. In living history the nations represented as eagle is America, lion is Britain, ox is Germany and bear Russia. Others think these represents intelligence of man, power, courage in lion, strength of ox and speed of eagle. In a hierarchy of life forms man is king of all, lion is king of animals, ox king of work, eagle king of birds. Some say China is lion, ox Russia so global news directly leads to endtime Armageddon significant roles. So think antiChrist leads supported by 2 states against Israel before final ultimate rule by Christ. Prophet Ezekiel  prophesied the whole world shall come to know God as everything leads to God’s Kingdom establishment of New Jerusalem on the earth. This whole world is about to know God for the first time ever as the verses in Ezekiel 6:7, 10; 12:15, 20; 16:62; 34:27; 37:13-14 shows. Before that happens to the world, God says His end-time elect will send HIS warning messages. Book of Ezekiel in its entirety helps lead the world to get to know the True, Living God Yahweh in Christ Jesus His Son. Although things get worse before life gets better the most important decision to make is belong to the Living God Almighty in Jesus Name. Jesus weeps and intercedes on behalf of people to be saved before it is too late. God is sad and crying in Jeremiah 14:17 for you like HE did for God’s people Judah. God cries in Romans 8:26, as it says when we do not know what to pray for in face of calamity God’s Spirit, the Holy Spirit intercedes for us through groanings. God groans and sighs beyond what words express and God cries beyond human tears. God is Crying over plight of the world and its destructions by God’s wrath to come. Receive God’s Grace and Mercy freely to you bought and paid for by Christ Jesus for eternal life. In the Bible in the village of Bethany Jesus wept at the grave of Lazarus in John 11:35 and so continues to weep for all humanity. Jesus is weeping today to save you so accept His Love.

GLOBAL VALENTINE’S DAY

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GOOD MOOD FOODS

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Good mood foods improve good feelings and thinking process due to the residues from chemicals, fertilisers, insecticides, pesticides plus environmental toxins. So those with a history of mental health problems can benefit from good food. The Kellogg brothers originally noticed diet deficiencies affecting mental well being so introduced multivitamin cereals to help eat better. Others diagnosed with ADHD nine years ago, and with OCD, and a generalised anxiety and SPOV ( intense phobia of vomiting) in 2016 were helped to change diet too. Panic attacks was dishearteningly regular feature in a life of one man who recently changed his diet as living proof of good mood foods. By actively seek out anything that could make life easier, heard there was a relationship between mood and food. So intrigued, gained from these benefits of knowing diet affects physical health, in bad ways and good. Fast foods can increase your risk of heart disease, while omega-3, found in nuts and oily fish, can boost heart health. There is growing evidence that what we eat affects our mental health, too. Two of my favourite foods doughnuts and muffins are among the baddies. One study found eating mass-produced baked goods affects the  risk of developing depression. Others showed increasing levels of zinc in the diet can actually treat depression.

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But I started taking the idea seriously when I discovered that Jenny Edwards CBE, the Chief Exec at the Mental Health Foundation, planning series of lectures on the subject. “We’re planning to explore the facts and bust the myths around nutrition and other lifestyle factors in mental health she says. “There’s a growing evidence base showing that a good diet not only impacts on our physical health, but our mental health too.”I’d  noticed this myself. Everyone has weeks that include more cheesy chips, chocolate and fast food than is generally advisable. For me, those weeks are ones of lethargy. One of the ways my ADHD manifests itself is I find it difficult to sit and do nothing. But, when I eat badly, I feel exhausted, with little desire to do anything other than plank my own bed. Not only that, but I’ve noticed that after few days of eating junk food, intrusive thoughts synonymous with OCD I worked hard to overcome in therapy starts to re-appear.

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Julia Rucklidge, a professor of clinical psychology at University of Canterbury, New Zealand, has spent the majority of her researching life investigating the role of nutrition in mental health. Julia’s work has predominantly revolved around micronutrients. “They are vitamins B, C, D and E,” she explains minerals like zinc, iron, magnesium. Magnesium, for example, is great for helping people with sleep problems.” According to Professor Rucklidge, it’s not about “one magic food or one magic nutrient it’s combination of nutrients that seems to improve mental wellbeing. Julia believes optimal diet for improving mental health would see a reduction in processed foods, including takeaways, sugary drinks, refined grains and refined sugars. She suggests “moving towards Mediterranean-style diet, where you’re eating fresh fruits, vegetables, healthy fats, nuts, fish.” This is echoed by Sarah Owen, specialist dietitian working in mental health, who believes in a poor mental health can be exacerbated by modern diets, where we’re “eating less fruit and vegetables and having fewer home-cooked meals” than in decades past. I decided to have a ‘healthy’ week, avoiding all processed foods, to see how I felt. I stocked up on vegetables, unsalted nuts, fresh fruit, arrived in office each day with prepared Tupperware container of nutritious salads. 9f5c63df-2316-46e4-b94f-98f84bc48339

Therefore by day three there was already a substantial difference in my mood. I was waking up before my alarm, my energy levels were steadier, and I felt productive. I made sure I ate fish for omega-3, potatoes and pasta for carbohydrates, lots of fresh fruit and vegetables, a little plain dark chocolate this was supposed to be balanced, after all). By the end of the week was grateful chocolate birthday cake was passed around the office. But I was struck by how much better I felt. The World Health Organization says by 2020, depression will be second leading cause of world disability. No one is claiming mental health issues can be solved solely by changing diets. Jenny  Edwards raises concerns about some advice already available. There’s a lot of dubious content online she says. “Any advice given has to be based on facts but it’s a step in the right direction. The Bible in Philippians 4:6-7 says do not be anxious, panic about anything but in everything by prayer supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the PEACE OF GOD, which surpasses all human understanding will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.

HOPE RESTORED IN GOD

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Hope is restored in humanity through the miracle life of Hope who survived the streets.  It is exactly one year ago the world came to know a young little boy called Hope. This week Hope will start school. Hope now lives with care worker Anja Ringgren Lovén, on 30 January 2016 and one year later on his first day of school. Anja Ringgren Lovén Facebook  page gives more details by the Danish aid worker who rescued the young boy who ostracised by his community in Nigeria says now he has completed his first week at school. Anja Ringgren Loven marked the landmark in 3 year old Hope’s life by recreating similar image of her encouraging him to drink from a bottle of water as shared around the world one year ago. Ms Loven and her husband, David Emmanuel Umem, run an orphanage in south-east Nigeria for children who have been abandoned by their families as a result of superstitious beliefs, called the African Children’s Aid Education and Development Foundation (ACAEDF).

They took on and named then two year old Hope on 30 January 2016, after he was accused of being a witch. Hope was emaciated, riddled with worms suffering hypospadias, inborn condition where one has incomplete developed urethra. Writing on Facebook at the start of this week, Ms Loven said: On the 30 January 2016, I went on a rescue mission with David Emmanuel Umem, Nsidibe Orok and our Nigerian team. A rescue mission that went viral, and today it’s exactly 1 year ago the world came to know a young little boy called Hope. This week Hope will start school. Thank God for Divine intervention on behalf of Hope and God help billions of children needing urgent support in the world in Jesus Name. As  400,000 children at risk from Nigeria famine. The post, contrasting the old and new images, has been shared more than 27,000 times. Ms Loven was named “the most inspiring person of the year 2016” by Germany’s Ooom Magazine at the end of last year, beating the likes of Pope Francis and Barack Obama to the title. George Kindel, OOOM’s editor in chief, who led the jury that chose the list, said: “When she saw the starving child, she acted like a human being and became an inspiration for millions. Her sustained efforts to help the abandoned children of Nigeria gives us hope and encourages us to follow suit.”  1 John 4:4 says in the Bible, little children, you are from God and have overcome them, for HE who is in you is greater than he who is in the world. Thanks be to God for all the compassionate kind-hearted people who help give hope to Hope and others.
Original Article by Independent Writer AdamWinthnall@adamwithnall 
Reblogged and retitled by Godshotspot

GOD’S COLOURFUL NATURE

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Water cascading off the side of Uluru

Water cascading off the side of Uluru

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END OF THE CIGARETTE

The cost of a packet of cigarettes in Australia will reach AUD$40 (£24) by 2020

Image copyright Getty Images 

Australia was the first country in the world to introduce mandatory plain packaging for tobacco products and UK will have followed suit by May this year. But will any country copy Australia’s plan to keep increasing taxes until a packet of cigarettes costs AUD$40 (£24)?

It’s not easy being a smoker in Australia.

The smoking bans started inside – in workplaces, bars and restaurants – and moved out. “Smokers would congregate on footpaths and near public transport creating clouds of smoke – what we call ‘smoking hotspots’,” says Mark Driver, Sydney’s Park and Recreation Planner.

“Now, smoking is prohibited within 10m (33ft) of a playground, within 4m (13ft) of the entrance to a public building, at rail platforms, taxi ranks and bus stops.”

Those are the rules in New South Wales, but they are mirrored in many other states. Smoking is banned on many beaches, and most Australian states have now banned cigarettes in jail. All states ban smoking in vehicles if children are present. Fines vary, but in some places you may be fined AUD$2,000 (£1,210) if you smoke in the wrong place. And even if you don’t, you’ll be paying more than that each year by 2020, if you smoke just one AUD$40 pack a week.

No smoking sign, Edinburgh Gardens, North Fitzroy, Melbourne

Image copyrightGetty Images

It’s already five years since Australia became the first place in the world to make plain cigarette packaging compulsory. Tobacco-advertising has long been banned, and now branding has too. The boxes are a drab, dark brown colour (deemed the ugliest in the world by a team of Australian researchers), they carry no logos, and graphic health warnings cover most of the front of the box. You see this gigantic, see-and-never-forget kind of image of throat cancer – a hole in the neck, or what a stroke looks like with a brain sliced open,” Chapman explains. Some smokers say they don’t even look at it, but there has been research which shows that with the people who engage in those avoidance strategies, it’s actually a predictor of them quitting later on.”Cigarettes on a shop shelf in Sydney, New South Wales, May 2016

Image copyright Getty Images 

All this came on top of anti-smoking campaigns that have been driving down smoking rates in Australia since the 1970s. “It’s a toxic, poisonous mix of substances, including ammonia, the bleach in toilet cleaner; acetone, the chemical in nail polish remover; benzene, found in paint stripper; and hydrogen cyanide, used in rat poison,” went one advertisement. “And smoking delivers it straight to your body.” The evidence shows that these hard-hitting, graphic ads that really show the harms of smoking are the most effective says Scott Walsberger, head of tobacco control at Cancer Council NSW. But other campaigns have also tried a gentler approach, emphasising how quickly a smoker’s health starts to improve once he or she has quit.

Australian Quitline smoking advertisement

It was this approach taken by creators of an interactive, behavioural change app called My Quit Buddy, launched in 2012.

Offering tips for giving up with the daily motivational messages, distractions to overcome cravings, and a place to share success stories and celebrate milestones, it has now been downloaded more than 400,000 times in Australia alone.


My Perfect Country

In a world where a lot is going wrong, there is also a lot going right. So, what if you could build a country with policies that actually worked, by homing in on ideas from around the world that have been truly successful?


“It shows people that just by even quitting for five days, you can start to see changes – you’ll have more money in your wallet, your skin becomes clearer,” says Paul Den, one of My Quit Buddy’s creators.

“And the community forum shows people that they’re not alone – people generally trust other people more than they trust the government.”

The cumulative effect of these policies is that smoking rates for adults have almost halved since 1980, says Henrietta Moore, of the Institute for Global Prosperity at University College, London, and are now at about 13%, compared to a global average of about 20%. There has also been a decrease of almost 23% in the rate of hospital admissions caused by smoking. Simone Dennis, an associate professor at Australian National University, says a culture of shame surrounding smoking has begun to emerge, and that itself has become a smoking deterrent. Take, for example, the policy of confining smokers to areas where they will not create a public nuisance. If you think about smoking in public, those tend to be spaces that no-one wants to hang out in anyway,” she says. So smokers feel marginalised because they can’t be citizens in public spaces any more, because they’re restricted to these kind of ‘dirty spaces.'”


Tobacco in Australia

  • The government has committed to reduce the number of adults smoking on a daily basis to 10% by 2018
  • Plain-packaging rules insist that 75% of the front of a cigarette pack is covered by a health warning, and 90% of the back
  • Tobacco taxes rose 25% in 2010, and are now rising 12.5% every year
  • The Tasmanian parliament has discussed a bill that would ban smoking for those born after 2000
  • Australia has not gone as far as Bhutan and Turkmenistan which banned the sale of tobacco products

Read: The battle for control of the cigarette packet


These days, smoking is often taken up by people who are on lowest rungs of the socio-economic ladder, she points out, and adds a burden of shame to people who might already be marginalised.” If it’s the poor who are now the most likely to smoke, it’s hard to see how they will afford the AUD$40 pack of cigarettes.

Credit: Original article title Australia Stubbing Smoking By30 January 201

Header by God’sHotSpot reblogged

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