CASSAVA IN BLACK HISTORY

15700999806043825768664414506827.jpgCassava plays a major role in black history as a valuable subsistence cash crop in many countries. Cassava farming is made popular in agricultural endeavours for its durability and longevity as a crop and processed food.15701000221464867956713913357522.jpg 157012424161541310914407740074.jpg15701243065766467411996274915613.jpgThe processed cassava lasts very well for its storage and in transit. This is why it was fully exploited by slave masters who used it to feed slaves. Cassava said to be introduced in Africa in sixteenth century by Portuguese slave traders. 15700998237728739612559767715343.jpgThe Portuguese began to import slaves from Africa from 1550 and used cassava in the form of meal farinha to provide food to sustain the slaves. Its cultivated in Africa for hundreds of years and also processed in a variety of ways. 15700981491587221729125657570359.jpg1570124619932904628965496065059.jpgIMG_20191004_23505.jpg15701259791047400650882647545777.jpg15701260356521499747372103173655.jpg15701261092411378454319017863669.jpg15701230328683420556536533851367.jpg15701231082225387273312182487086.jpg
Safe processing destroys cyanide poison causing Konzo deformity deficiency by lack of vitamin in body. Dried cassava is grinded to flour. In drought emergency eaten raw to sustain life if safe variety. 15700989697897450658739552856085.jpg15700985028274978919304327532155.jpg15700986196777326550185249568168.jpg15700985396945033385490985002606.jpg15700986499171048318423939864404.jpg15700986846781036881210689403379.jpg15701170043108400465710040480247.jpgGarifuna ereba or cassava bread made from grated cassava root yucca as the Garifuna’s from Caribs “Karifuna” or cassava clan. “Garifuna” means cassava-eating African people arrived in 1675 by wreck of slave ship from Bight of Biafra. Survivors members of Mokko people of Nigeria Ibibio. British sailors reached a small island of Bequia, Carib took them to Saint Vincent and intermarried with them, supplying the men with wives, as it was taboo in their society for men to go unwed. Grated cassava is put into a large cylindrical woven bag “ruguma” hung from tree weighted at bottom with heavy rocks squeeze out the poisonous liquid starch from grated pulp. Weight pierce bottom of “ruguma” tree branch one or two Garifuna women sit on the branch to drain starch and dry dough.15701302840986870671403231638660.jpgThe Garifuna cassava is made into flour, the rest of pulp dried overnight sieved through flat rounded basket hibise flour baked as pancakes on large iron griddle ComalEreba eaten with a fish machuca  pounded green and ripe plantain, gravy lasusu with fish soup “hudutu.” Or dish  bundiga green banana lasusu, mazapan, bimecacule sticky sweet rice or coconut rice with red beans. Nigerians eat “eba,” “gari,” “fufu” from dried grated cassava flour dishes “ewuro” or egusi” are eaten with melon seeds soup. Alcoholic drink called gifiti is rum bitters made soaking roots, herbs. Cassava dough fermented dry is roasted gari and eaten with soup.IMG-20191004-WA0003.jpgIMG_20191004_42340.jpg15702020387975466995755152923365.jpg15701295966361576106819538589512.jpgIMG-20191004-WA0005.jpg15701293352654780439362192279750.jpg15702015902053537057114595303431.jpgIMG-20191004-WA0004.jpg15702016623514957994804075773008.jpg1570201568070910860951730314518.jpgWild cassava plants or taller larger than normal cassava and is toxic not advised to eat unless properly processed so the toxins removed. And after is prepared by draining its poison thiamine cyanide thrown away as yellow top liquid layer.15700990930616221314849729254632.jpg The white starchie soft velvet is dredged as a dough after draining its pressed by weight to extract the pure farina starch used for tapioca. Less starchy dough is bagged or stored in baskets to dry out.1570116662697460291419114319383.jpg15700994651302555562733309869833.jpgIMG_20191004_57328.jpgwp-1.jpgThe spread out detangled flaked dough is roasted as gari. Gari eaten as savoury or sweetened by sugar, milk with nuts, coconut pieces etc. Cassava is eaten for centuries but was domesticated globally and fuelled by the slave trade. 15700993375697322468602728789524.jpgGariba, Bami, yakeyake are eaten with sauce in many places daily. It is almost always available in Africa and Central or South America, Caribbean countries plus other places in Western world. 15700994936636529658242956518731.jpg15701305158058006745810737442447.jpg15700982858818817695744191059975.jpg15700984080884419915385874955338.jpg15700967182378510289728036609210.jpgThe southern border of Brazil has wild cassava among other places. Toxicity of cassava is removed to stop the presence of cyanogenic glucosides compounds of cyanide and glucose, hydrogen cyanide HCN potent toxin plant tissue damaged.15700984440246136830838925534693.jpg Cyanogenic glucosides is removed from all the varieties of cassava. The varieties referred to as ‘sweet’ low-cyanide have low levels of cyanogenic glucosides in the flesh of the root. And can be peeled and cooked like other root vegetables.15700983554834610658471765710192.jpg The bitter or high-cyanide higher level cyanogenic glucosides in the root peeled and the flesh requires their extensive processing before are safer to be eaten. Different cassava processing techniques to grate, peel tube, ferment and sun dry.15700993820442721571294578208250.jpg 15700990085591779173120637929485.jpg15700984722484822652591740495530.jpgreuters-goma-woodbike.jpg15702720804197723159071665385846.jpgIMG-20191005-WA0006.jpg20191003_114040.jpg Then adding water to some masticated roots and allowing mixture to ferment. High-cyanide varieties prepared from manicuera cooked juices and thin bread, masticated, cooked root tubers and gari.15700991570941049642023886601092.jpg15702721360284604438417127342920.jpgIMG-20191005-WA0007.jpgIMG-20191005-WA0004.jpgProcessing removes the damaged plant tissue toxin makes it safe to eat. Chicha  mild alcoholic beer made from the low-cyanide and high-cyanide cassava. Low-cyanide variety is prepared by peeling, cooking, mashing roots or making gari. 20191003_145317.jpgIts a national cuisine of South America, low-cyanide cassava used vegetable and boiled, or boiled, fried. In Brazil farinha is part of their traditional dishes and in Colombia breads made with fermented starch of high-cyanide cassava or gari. 20191003_150128.jpgCassava is the second most important food crop in sub-Saharan Africa. So the majority of cassava-based foods made in Africa by fermentation products. 20191003_130703.jpg 1977577-Pounding-fufu-0.jpg20191214_184251.jpgpounding-fufu.jpg827a717f288541274381b954ae830005.jpg8974cb948e0cb1c5adcb2c2a07bffe89.jpg20191004_201152.jpg20191004_194333.jpgGranular meal farinha, cooked cassava pounded fufu; grated fermented roasted gari; leaves cooked eaten. A raw cassava is frozen; kept underground and grated cassava dough is steamed as yakeyake.20191004_210655.jpg20191003_114730.jpgCassava products include chikwange or baton de manioc, a steamed boiled paste from the soaked roots, and lafun, a flour from the soaked roots. 20191003_150244.jpgCassava roots are prepare similar to the Asian countries by boiling, baking, frying, peeled, sliced, sun dried.20191003_130819.jpg The roots grinded as flour used to make porridge, traditional food chappatis and dosas India, bibingka rice-like landong  Philippines. 20191003_165054.jpgCassava starch is exported sold in shops as tapioca eaten with milk and sugar plus fruits added.20191003_140100.jpgCassava chips are eaten globally and is in different flavours from plain to spicy ones depending on taste. Cassava dough mixed with corndough makes banku.20191003_164749.jpg Dried cassava is pounded, grinded in mill as kokonte cooked, eaten with peanut butter, palmfruit okra soup.20191003_141254.jpg Semi dried dough made as agbeli kaklo fried and served with coconut pieces. Its important to realise global connection. 20191003_164700.jpgCassava spread by slavery and culture of retained food in black history month celebrations to bring awareness. Agbeli,  ‘agbe’- life + ‘li’ – exists = life exists is the Ewe name for cassava sustaining life.20191003_165800.jpg 15700987250555808220578403239938.jpgIMG-20191004-WA0001.jpgFrom 1525 to 1866, 12.5 million Africans were forcibly transported across Middle Passage to serve as slaves in the New World. Documents detail cuisines of the Africans by English and Dutch explorers in 1400’s depict gari essential ingredient in dishes including spinach leaves with palm oil. West African Palm Oil is still used in dishes in Nigeria, Congo, Sierra Leone, Guinea Gold Coast and Angola. The slaves in 1530’s forced to improvise used on their plantations coconut oil for cooking. The flavours between palm oil different coconut oil and palm kennel is clear but used.  Life aboard ships was a brutal experience, many died in transit due to harsh conditions. Lack of healthy nutritious food caused death and the dead thrown overboard into the sea but slave traders claimed insurance for loss of property and loss of earnings.15702848867455727850678033769823.jpg15702869526787599744170919682563.jpgSo slaves were barely fed during Middle Passage. The best slave ships fed slaves beans, corn, yams, rice, palm oil dregs. But slaves were not always fed daily. If there was not enough food for all sailors and slaves the sailors eat first and so the slaves did not get any food. Conditions on board ships during Middle Passage were appalling. The men were packed together below deck and were secured in the ship’s hold. Slaves were chained ankle to wrist, with no place to move so dehumanised as cargo and humiliated.15702868630696748270198992347843.jpg The captains try to cut Middle Passage voyage as short as possible. But despite efforts tragedy of slavery killed many. It the heritage of rich foods and enriched culture retained by the indigenous slave descendants that preserved these foods. Cassava roots, gari, cassava, leaves, rice, and beans eaten globally by Africans or African descendants. These foods links continents by cultural food celebrations, festival that bring people together. Care must always be taken if one processes cassava. Check with experienced person to ensure a correct, safer processing of cassava products. Many people suffer from effects of the cassava not properly processed as Konzo leg or fatal cases. It is interesting the variety of the products made from cassava with various names. The fresh and dried cassava peels and leaves are eaten by goats and sheep.

1000 GENERATION BLESSING

15414213164221293330498.jpgTo 1000 generation the righteous family is blessed because of Covenant with God flowing repeatedly in Christ Jesus Name says Deuteronomy 7:9;5:10; Exodus20:6. God’s love is devoted to family thousand generations because they love and keep God’s law and commandments. God’s Word means its perpetual generations mentioned in Genesis 9:12 as God said the rainbow token sign of the covenant made between God, Noah and people is for the perpetual generations in the Ark after the flood. Almighty God makes covenants with mankind so their future generations are blessed. God’s covenant establishes unlimited benefit to families for past good deeds or sins repented of. God lavishes HIS affection, kind Favour on 1000 generations beyond to infinity to bless families. The righteous in each generation adds to the previous blessing multiplies to next generations. Youngest birth of guiness record book is 5years so the family receives blessing deserved as the rollover inherited in Psalm 37:23-40. God’s Generational Blessing in Bible is Direct Covenant with Abraham to ALL NATIONS on earth says Genesis 12:2-32. Psalm 112:2 generation blessings affects descendants so mighty in their land because generations of the upright are blessed so is seed mighty on earth. There are 79 Bible verses about a generational blessing transcending the family to future descendants. God told King David, his throne will last forever, Jesus will Reign on it from Israel. God’s Covenant never dies because His word is eternal. After Joseph died his brothers and all that generation gathered to their fathers and took their bones to Canaan. Thank God for Generational Blessing is as Word of Hope and Inspiration to the families to stand in agreement with God reminding them of the Goodness of God. Families reap rewards of a generational blessing of the righteous ancestors who obeyed and followed God. Every parent should Ask God to Fulfill HIS PROMISE so their children will be mighty in their land. The generation of the upright will be blessed because in Isaiah 44:3-5 God pours water on the thirsty to satisfy and quench thirst for the Living water Jesus flows from their belly. In Psalms 145:4, one generation will praise God’s works to another to declare HIS MIGHTY acts. In Psalms 100:5 the LORD’s Blessing is a Covenant with condition attached. God is merciful and gracious so forgives sins of the righteous who repent so humble themselves before God. And Activating Generational Blessings means coming into God’s PRESENCE through BLOOD of Jesus in Jesus Name. God promises that generational blessing will last beyond a thousand generations. God rewards all who LOVE HIM and descendants to a thousand generation. God forgives and overlooks sins repented of by sinner or by intercession of others on their behalf for God’s Mercy in Jesus Name.1541421016489605598922.jpg1541424252386605598922.jpgIMG_20181105_122144.jpgOn the other hand, Numbers 14:18 says the LORD is slow to anger abounding in love and mercy but HE does not leave the guilty unpunished; HE punishes the children for sins of parents to third and fourth generation. In Deuteronomy 5:9, Bible says I AM the LORD your God, and a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon their children to the third and fourth generation. Sufferings in the family can be the consequences of past actions that current generations knows nothing about. But Jeremiah 31:29 says, In those days, it will no longer be said: The fathers have eaten sour grapes and their children’s teeth is set on edge. “In those days people will no longer say, its parent’s eaten sour grapes that set their children’s teeth on edge. To set teeth on edge induces unpleasant sensation that irritates like grinding noise of machines sets teeth on edgeThe father’s eaten sour grapes” written in Ezekiel 18:2 is a CHANGE of heart as the LORD tells HIS people the father’s sin like eaten sour grapes does not mean that the children should be punished to have their teeth set on edge too. God’s Goodness extends to descendants in families. Ezekiel 18:2 shows people quote this proverb about land or fights during argument but God says an innocent family cannot inherit enmity from the ancestors. Concerning the land of Israel the father’s eaten sour grapes will not affect children’s teeth no more. Each person’s own teeth is set on edge since their mouth chews the sour grapes. Ezekiel 18:1-4, 25-32 of parent’s eaten sour grapes, and children’s teeth set on edge was a series of legal rulings describing good deeds of the righteous fathers creates blessings for a thousand years so evil deeds will not affect their son’s families anymore. Bible mentions generational blesses in Deuteronomy 28 and curses in several places in Exodus 20:5;34:7, Numbers 14:18Deuteronomy 5:9). God warns HE is, a jealous God so, punishes children for sins of the fathers to third and fourth generation of those who hate ME. So God punishes children for the sins of their fathers because the effects of sin are naturally passed down from one generation to another. People at times assume it’s their unique culture different from Bible so it’s their right to practice their “culture.” Not realising it is sin against God punished to their next future generation. Spiritual wickedness in high places displayed as evil power to control and dominated others to subdue them against their will. Operates by lies, secret hidden occult ritual initiation and deception due to perversion abuses.1541422325254-1832845317.jpgThe father’s sinful lifestyle copied by his children who practice the sinful lifestyle automatically follows in footsteps of the examples modelled by their fathers who don’t know any better. The warnings of Exodus 20:5 is children not to repeat sin of the fathers. Why put next generations through exact pain suffered by father’s persistent pattern of ungodly behaviour leading to rebellious children? God only punishes sin to the third and the fourth generation to stop the next generations committing same sins of ancestors. The trend in Church blames sin or problems as generational curses inherited. God’s warning to visit iniquity on generations is a consequence of sins of idolatry. The living history in Judges contain records of God’s divine punishment meted out to those who hate God. The generations who repent are blessed by God. When a nation turns from idols to serve LIVING God a curse is broken, God saves them in Judges 3:9, 15; 1 Samuel 12:10-11. God visits sins upon the third and the fourth generations of HIS stubborn enemies who hate God refusing to submit to HIM but in the next verse HE shows LOVE to thousand generations of those who love ME and keep MY commandments stated in Exodus 20:6. God’s Grace lasts longer a thousand times more than HIS wrath. If worried about generational curse, the answer is salvation through Jesus Christ as Christian and new creation in Christ the Bible 2 Corinthians 5:17 says there is now no more condemnation for you in Christ Jesus. A child of God still needs a deliverance from an inherited initiation or under God’s curse in Romans 8:1 by activating blessings through prayers to cancel all generational curses. Jesus told His disciples some demons require they fast and pray despite repentance of sins in question. Faith in Christ Jesus and the leading of a life consecrated to the Lord God is good to some enough if you do not come from satanic strongholds then inherited generational blessing already covers you in Romans 12:1-2. However, for those initiated into deep cults with human and animal blood sacrifices they need more than prayer of repentance to be set free in Jesus Name. Some cultures practice generational curses by insisting family member pay for sins of ancestors Trokosi, Osu or dedicated to idol for life because of sins of past generation made covenants. To stop fear and abuse those family shrines and their rivergod name unacceptable to God. Christian believer is given CHRISTian name to show under NEW Covenant of Jesus Christ. Forever Translated from kingdom of darkness to GOD’S KINGDOM OF GLORIOUS LIGHT IN JESUS NAME. 

 

DEFIBRILLATOR SAVES LIFE

article-1329133-0BFE2B7F000005DC-908_468x322Using defibrillator recently installed at a boy’s school highlights urgent training for public to use them. A 15-year-old’s life is saved by father after Ethan Askew started to feel ill in sports class and told his teacher before he stopped breathing and collapsed in his arms. Stuart Askew works as premises manager at Steiner Academy school at Much Dewchurch in Herefordshire, which his son attends, and ran to deliver emergency aid. He said afterwards: It was very scary, but I remembered we had a defibrillator so didn’t doubt it will be OK ending. NHS England and NHS Scotland are joining British Heart Foundation and Microsoft over next 12 months to create database of defibrillators across UK. The move is in response to figures of public-access to defibrillators used is less than 3% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests British Heart Foundation says it “significantly reduces the survival chances of tens of thousands of people each year.” Stuart says the device was “very easy” to use, acknowledges considering the stressful circumstances. “Thank God this terrible and frightening experience turned into life saving of son. Ambulance arrived in five minutes and Ethan was taken to the hospital and put in induced coma. Tests revealed one of his coronary arteries is too narrow as random genetic condition and because he exercised so much, not enough oxygen was getting to his heart.Ethan Askew went back to school to see his friends three days after his double coronary bypassThree days after his operation Ethan surprised his friends at school and was filled in on what went on at school the day he collapsed. Ethan had surgery to replace his artery. Now 16, he says he’s fully recovered and “even better than before.” He says it feels like a bizarre dream. “I still can’t believe it happened. Honestly I can’t remember anything from that day. I can remember the day before and I can’t remember anything in past until I woke up from my induced coma and then after that it was a bit hazy.” And he was not fully aware it was his Dad that saved him. “Everything was so overwhelming, I didn’t really acknowledge it that much. I kind of just accepted everything that happened from then on. “They only told me they put it in two days before after I came out of hospital, so was quite a surprise.”IMG_20180810_075002Ethan AskewEthan was hiking in the Brecon Beacons six months after his collapse. But Stuart says things could be very different. “He was due to go on his Duke of Edinburgh silver expedition the week after, which means he’d have been in the middle of the Brecon Beacons. We’re so fortunate that it happened within sight almost of a community defibrillator.” The first thing Stuart did when he went back to work was to register the defibrillator with the West Midlands Ambulance service. He says people shouldn’t be scared to use them in an emergency, even if they haven’t had any first aid training. “Have the confidence that the device is there to help. As soon as you unzip pack only one or two buttons to press and the device tells you what to do. “Don’t be afraid and just know that you’re doing some good – you have the potential to save someone’s life having the guts to go get this device is really is having confidence to grab it to help save somebody’s life. Airports, village halls, railway stations and nationwide is now available so look out for them. You can help save 30,000 people who suffer cardiac arrest away from hospital each year.  Chances of survival are as high as 75 per cent if defibrillation is delivered rapidly. British Heart Foundation said at least 230 lives are saved already. A heart attack is the main cause of cardiac arrest, when the heart stops effectively pumping blood around body and goes into ventricular fibrillation, meaning the muscles are contracting randomly rather than regularly so heart stops. A defibrillator uses electricity to shock the heart out of this lethal rhythm and back to normal. From the moment one stops breathing, it takes four minutes before brain starts to die. Applying a controlled shock within five minutes of collapse provides best chance of survival. For every minute heart stopped, chances of staying alive reduced by 14 per cent. It is important to remember you can be someone to use defibrillator,’ says Clive James, St John Ambulance trainer. The AED automatically carries out many of the key stages of resuscitation, such as recognising electrocardiogram rhythm (ECG). ‘This assesses whether the heart is shockable,’ says James. ‘In 80 per cent of cases it will be.’ Shoppers at London's Westfield practice using a defibrillatorShoppers at Westfield practice using a defibrillator, 10,000 AEDs placed in shopping centres, airports, village halls and railway stations. If cardiac arrest has not occurred, rhythm incompatible, a shock not administered. So sensitive are machines they assess how strong the shock needs to be so most city’s Tube and train stations, international airports, churches, schools or in the markets to provide AEDs on sites placed in small white boxes on walls around these places to notice in advance in case you need to help someone. Open the box and lift out the AED to find a small package containing two sticky pads you plug into the main AED box similar to a child’s lunchbox. Its latest technology of adhesive pads for better contact with skin than traditional paddles. The gyms need AED trained volunteers to help the fitness instructors during emergency. A defibrillator pack has turn on machine instruction’s so voice says put pads on a patient’s chest and press buttons.Alice Smellie with a defibrillator pack

Carefully lay the two large, white sticky pads on bare chest, one up near right shoulder and the other down by the left ribs. The normal-electro impulse starts in the top right-hand side of the heart and passes to the bottom left-hand side. The machine’s electricity pass through heart’s normal route. The AED tells you it checks heart rhythm. ‘Clear!’ Means press the orange shock button if heart in arrest, the shock brings back rhythm but for training pads no current runs through. It is crucial to remember the medic and onlookers take care not to touch patient. ‘There are no recorded cases of injury, but it’s not worth risking an electric shock. Importance of AEDs is remember to locate and use them and be sure to supply at least three in small premises and 20 in large complexes of playing sports centres. Clinically dead for minutes saved by the defibrillator available and someone prepared to use it. Defibrillators need onsite training for volunteers to test out AED on dummy. Shoppers be aware where its available, as public allowed its use in emergency. Ideally people should be trained, but lack of training shouldn’t stop use,’ says Dr Jasmeet Soar, of the Resuscitation Council, body behind recent change in regulation. Studies show schoolchildren are able to turn them on and follow the instructions. Trained first-aider may not be at the sight of collapsed patient so people can help save lives. Generis, 37, saved two lives using defibrillator said  help save someone. He felt buzz as the paramedics arrived and they told him he brought patients back.’ If one suffers cardiac arrest there’s a good chance of survival thanks to AED in sports and social clubs. AEDs are everywhere. And that’s very reassuring.Rebecca Shorrocks and Paul F Taylor in hospitalIts always recommended to see a doctor for regular check ups if you feel unwell with changes in your body you cannot understand. It may be the sign of other health issues so take your life seriously and get help immediately. A commedian last year found she had arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, ARVC condition similar to the Premier League footballer Fabrice Muamba’s collapse on the pitch during an FA Cup game in 2012. He recovered although his heart stopped for 78 minutes, but it ended his career as a top-flight footballer. Paul F Taylor’s wife Becky Shorrocks spent two weeks in hospital, where she was eventually diagnosed with ARVC. The condition is rare but they think there are more people living with it unawares Shorrocks says. With 80% of people it’s found post-mortem so pretty lucky that they did discovered it.” After diagnosis, Shorrocks was fitted with an internal defibrillator, which shocks her when her heart rate rises to a dangerous level. Above all take a personal care of health, eat, rest, sleep, drink plenty of water. Remember God is life Giver so honour and preserve life. It is good to press the chest to kick start or give the kiss of life. Learn more about reviving people using massage in places where there is no defibrillator. People use massage and rely totally on prayer in the Mighty Name of Jesus of Nazareth to raise the dead. GLORY be to God.

http://www.sja.org.uk, bhf.org.u

NEW RIVERS IN FLAT LANDS

Esteban JobbagyNew River gorges in flatland as rainfalls persists Ana Risatti woke to an ominous roar outside her home. Thinking noise was continuation of night’s downpour, she stepped outside to look. “I nearly fainted when I saw what it really was,” said Risatti, 71. Instead of falling from sky, the water she heard was rushing down a deep gully it carved overnight beyond wire fence around her home. Sudden appearance of a network of new rivers in Argentina’s central province of San Luis has puzzled scientists, worried environmentalists and disheartened farmers. It raised urgent questions over the environmental cost of Argentina’s dependence on soya beans export crop.Ana Risatti - New rivers Argentina pieceAna Risatti: ‘I nearly fainted when I saw what it really was.’ Photograph: Uki Goñi for the Guardian. “The roar was terrifying,” said Risatti, remembering that morning three years ago. “The land had opened up like a canyon. Water was pushing through far as I could see. Huge mounds of earth, grass and trees were being carried along the water surface.” The ravine carved its way dramatically across Risatti’s farm that night is grown to 15-miles (25km) long. Deepest point measures more than 60 metres wide and 25 metres deep. The largest several new water courses, the Río Nuevo (New river) runs through Cuenca del Morro, a groundwater basin mild incline covers 373,000 hectares (nearly 1,500 sq miles) of flatlands in San Luis province. Until early 1990s, Morro basin a patchwork of water-absorbing forests and grasslands, but mostly gone, replaced by maize and soya beans. Argentina’s transformation into a soya bean powerhouse resulted in widespread deforestation to make way for the crop, now covering 60% of the country’s arable land. Some 2.4m hectares of native forest lost in the last 10 years, according to Greenpeace.Esteban JobbagyEsteban Jobbágy: ‘Argentina is a banana republic so soya bean is new banana. As Esteban Jobbágy, environmental expert at University of San Luis, said a sudden appearance of new rivers is due to the convergence of three factors: “Number one, rainy years in recent past climate has been changing. Next, the nature of the soils are quite unstable. Third, this watershed is hosting a lot of agriculture the first time. Argentina is world’s third largest soya bean producer after US and Brazil and accounts for 18% of global production. In 2016, combined exports of soya beans, soya meal and soya bean oil made up 31% country’s total exports. “Argentina is a banana republic, soya bean new banana, says Jobbágy without soya bean our farms could not survive and the country couldn’t survive.800px-Tobler_hyperelliptical_projection_SW (1)argentina-mapUnlike deep-rooted forests replaced that absorbed large amount of groundwater all year round soya bean has short roots and grows a few months of the year. So caused aquifer beneath Morro basin to rise, increased speed of subterranean flow in turn triggering collapse of area’s permeable soil. Around 2008, farmers started to report appearance of shallow run-off channels, but in last five years, pace of erosion quickened dramatically those streams became deep trenches. Climbing down side of the new gullies, Jobbágy claws at cliff wall and a clod of soil dissolves in his hand. “It’s basically dust,” he says. “When it gets soaked, it is really unstable so what looks like a solid becomes liquid. So humble river moves a lot of sediment despite the relatively gentle incline,” Jobbágy explains. That leads to a second problem for farmers: sometimes entire fields downstream disappear overnight when rivers dump layers of sediment as metre (3ft) thick.Alberto PanzaAlberto Panza this used to be totally flat pasture land.’ Photograph: Uki Goñi for the Guardian. Alberto Panza, a 41-year-old cattle rancher is one of few holdouts refusing to lease land to giant soya-bean conglomerates that largely replaced Argentina’s small farmers. Driving his battered pick-up truck along a dirt road, Panza remarks how deserted land looks today: no longer gauchos  Argentina’s cowboys riding bareback through fields. Farmhouses are demolished to open up more land to lease to soya producers. So many farmers live in city,” says Panza. “It’s easier to move out and lease your land to company than to farm yourself.” Arriving at his ranch, Panza walks into land described as a Martian landscape. In the middle of a field, a giant canyon more than 60 metres wide, 25 metres deep drops abruptly away, slow current of water at the bottom. Panza’s farm cut in two by canyon. This used to be totally flat pasture land, he says. An electricity pole lies on its side on the river bed, its cables still attached to poles standing on the other side. Because the river keeps changing course so unable to build a bridge or a path across water to reach the other side of his land. With less than one third of Morro basin left covered in forest or grasslands, nearly half devoted to soya and maize government of San Luis has finally stepped in to try to save the basin from becoming a river delta.The Río Nuevo carves out a canyon.The Río Nuevo carves out a canyon. The government after new water courses started controlling outskirts of the city of Villa Mercedes and two major roads that carry international overland trade between Argentina and neighbouring Brazil. At San Luis office of the National Institute for Agricultural Technology (Inta), 3 scientists Claudio Sáenz, Juan Cruz Colazo and Mario Galván studying the Morro basin for the last 10 years. So partly due to their efforts, the province passed emergency law in 2016 obliging landowners to preserve 5% of farms as forest, pasture, plant water-consuming winter crops if land not used for soya bean. The government tells so far about 60% of farmers in the basin have made a commitment to meet the obligations,” says Galván. But is just a grain of sand, cautions Sáenz. Loss of small farmers compound problem agri-conglomerates have little incentive to rotate crops or preserve sustainability of the soil, he said. “If a plot is unusable, they simply move on to lease another area, leaving the owners to deal with the problem. It’s a system that not only erodes the soil, it also erodes the agricultural know-how of landowners.” Jobbágy spends much time on the field, measuring flow of the new rivers, trying to chart their ever-changing courses and developing links with the few remaining farmers. “Many landowners very volatile link with their land,” he says. “With the demolition of so many farmhouses, the soul of the land is being lost. As long as the system works, all is fine. But when nature rears up and says: ‘Enough!’, it becomes a very difficult situation to reverse.”

  • This story published with support of European Forest Institute and Lookout Station EFI’s new initiative connecting journalism and science around the topic of climate change

DIVERSITY AND MARRIAGE

uk-scotland-42510187Congratulations on celebration of inter marriage between different groups of people often seen as source of blending families. In the past was not considered able to do so even within same nation a tribe saw other tribes in the draconian age as enemies unable to relate in long term marriage of family members. And many people missed potential marriage of choice thwarted by feuding families of past generations. Today it is good to see the acceptance and tolerance after many years people recognise humans come from one race. Although some people do not really fully understand the challenges involved it is nice to see a successful couple overcome diversity. It is equally challenging to be married in a common social background because all marriages are hardwork, tolerance and forgiveness of each other. No matter the issues faced its good to see marriage on top of the agenda once again. So nation of Britain prepares to celebrate Prince Harry’s marriage to Meghan as Queen Charlotte of Portugal married in UK’s past history of a royal mixed marriage. According to PBS, Charlotte “directly descended from Margarita de Castro y Sousa, a black branch of the Portuguese Royal HoHouse. That distinction goes way back to the 18th century to Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. So a black woman in the royal family in the 1700s history nerds say turns out that, while many Englanders were in denial at the time, the wife of King George III, who was Queen from 1761 until her death in 1818, was of mixed race. According to PBSMmmm, Charlotte was “directly descended from Margarita de Castro y Sousa, a black branch of the Portuguese Royal House.” So not of unsavoury mixed-race origins, but actual black royalty. Her race mostly went under the radar over the course of history until decades later art historians began to take a closer look at distinctly black features in her portraits. Her regal nose, those full lips; as a mixed girl myself who can often spot a person with even a small amount of Black ancestry from a mile away, it’s pretty blatant from looking at her painting.

The fact that her black physical traits were visible in those paintings was, in itself noteworthy because as customary at the time for artists air brushed to “play down soften or even obliterate undesirable features in a subjects’ face,” also according to PBS. Even more controversial is the fact that the artist who depicted Queen Charlotte in all of her portraits was Sir Allan Ramsay, an anti-slavery advocate who went on to marry a black woman himself. All that being said, many historians believe the mere existence of Queen Charlotte and these portraits could have played a major role in the slavery abolition movement of the time. And that makes total sense. I mean, think about it: As we saw on The Crown, Queen Elizabeth II wouldn’t even allow her sister to marry a man who had once been divorced. And that was in the 1950s. Can you imagine the existence of a black queen back in the 18th century. Another major plot twis is Queen Charlotte, the actual first black and bi-racial member of royalty, happens to be Prince Harry’s great-great-great-great-great-grandmother. She’s Queen Victoria’s grandmother, which makes them relatives, several generations removed. So not only is it possible that Prince Harry’s 14th great-uncle may have beheaded one of Markle’s ancestors, but now, it’s looking like Prince Harry himself has some interracial genes. It   turns out Queen Charlotte might not be the lone mixed royal and potentially not the first, either. Philippa of Hainault, a fourteenth-century Queen of England, was also rumoured to have African ancestry. And in 2004, former sheep sheerer and builder Gary Lewis became the first Maori or aboriginal New Zealander to join the extended royal family by marrying Lady Davina Lewis, daughter of the Duke of Glouchester and 28th in line to the British throne. (I know, I know. Let me know if y’all need me to draw a family tree for all of this.)
Regardless, I think it’s long overdue (like, seven generations long) for Queen Charlotte to get some credit for being an early trailblazer among the royals. And even though the official title of the first black member of royalty technically taken a long time ago. Meghan Markle’s recent engagement reminds people that love heart matters for pure happiness.

THE DRY BONES COME ALIVE

valley-of-dry-bones-300x225Vision of Ezekiel in Ezekiel 37:1-14 in Valley of Dry Bones reveals Mighty miracles of God restoring dead back to life Supernaturally. The Valley of Dry Bones shows The Hand of the LORD on Ezekiel brought out by Spirit of LORD set in middle of valley. This significant miracle is representative of restoration from lowest moments in life as the Lilly of Valley Jesus is LORD even in graves. Ezekiel 37 Valley of Dry Bones Prophecy to dead bones says to them, ‘Dry bones, hear the word of the LORD! This is what Sovereign LORD says to the bones living breath enter bones to live again.23-john-roddam-spencer-stanhope-the-vision-of-ezekiel-valley-of-the-dry-bones.jpgMiracles happen in Bible showing Jesus bringing back dead alive. Lazarus died 4 days, like others alive today resurrected from death after 3 months in mortuary Nigerian pastor working with Reinhard Bonke. It well-known all over the world many people raised from death through God’s Mighty power in Jesus Name. As end time Prophecy predicts dead people will be raised by Trumpet Call of God. In line with Joel’s Prophecy God reveals in Visions and dream God’s secrets to HIS prophets. In the vision seen by Ezekiel, God assured Ezekiel that no matter how dead the situation is HIS people will be regenerated alive again resurrected. 

the-prophet-ezekielWith God all things are possible in the Valley of Dry Bones because The Hand of the Lord was  Ezekiel. God brought him out by Spirit of the LORD to set him in middle of a valley full of bones to test his faith. God led him back and forth among a great many bones on the floor of the valley, bones very dry. God asked him “Son of man, can these bones live?” Ezekiel said, “Sovereign Lord, you alone know. God said, “Prophesy to the bones and say to them, ‘Dry bones, hear word of the LORD! The Sovereign LORD says to the bones God will make breath enter you and you will come to life. God will attach tendons to you, make flesh come on you cover you with skin God will put breath in you, you will come to life, you will know I AM LORD God ALMIGHTY.

IMG_20171220_165333Supernaturally Ezekiel prophesied as he was commanded. As prophesying, there was noise, rattling sound wind so bones came together bone to bone. He looked, and saw tendons and flesh appeared on them and skin covered them, but there was no breath in them. Then God said, “Prophesy to the breath; prophesy, son of man and say, ‘The Sovereign LORD days: Come, breath, from the four winds and breathe into slain to come alive. So prophesied and commanded me breath entered them; they came to life, stood on their feet as a vast army. God said: “Son of man these bones are people of Israel who say our bones are dried up our hope is gone so cut off so prophesy say to them: ‘The Sovereign LORD says to My people I will open your graves to bring you from them to bring you back to land of Israel as God did in 1948 and previous years from slavery in Egypt. moses_picGod says to My people know I AM LORD God so will open your graves and bring you from them. God will put HIS Spirit in you and you will live and settle you in your own land again. Then you will know LORD God has spoken and done it declares the Lord. The New Jerusalem is Second resurrection preparation that is taking place revealed visions confirms the word is forevermore. A New heaven will be experienced in Rapture as Jesus gets ready to come for Believers. Jesus is interceding daily with saints for God to have mercy on HIS creation and shorten evil days or none on earth will survive. the-new-shambhalaGod showed open heavens with Moses pleading with God to save and deliver humanity. God sent Moses to Pharaoh in Egypt to deliver God’s people with help of Angels. Moses in vision is reminding God of Trumpet Calls warning all people on earth with eager expectation of the Rapture of the resurrected dead living in Christ to have hope. Only God knows the exact day or time but twice in vision repeated second time, dead arose alive. Those in white linen in previous dream seen in the book of life begin walked in a long procession. Each one was saying, ” The Trumpet Calls” The Trumpet Calls, The Trumpet Calls was what they said repeatedly while matching on. I turned to people next to me asking them do you understand The Trumpet Call of God? It means Jesus will appear in clouds for all those whose names are found written in people of Book of life.”  Shopping in Oxford Street (file picture)The whole world goes through turmoil daily at the crossroads pursued by the ‘Pharaohs’ against God’s people. There is a tendency to look at the natural events to be tempted to lose confidence in God. However God is reminding His Children that no matter what enemy throws at them God is still in Control on Throne. It may seem sometimes as if God does not even care about humanity. But the truth is God cares deeply so working behind scenes to allow people to hear Gospel. It is reason God delays Rapture to ensure many people hear about Trumpet Call.OXYGEN Volume 10Today when you hear the voice of God do not harden your heart like Pharaoh to be destroyed and perish. God is still so gracious and merciful so will forgive all who turn to God in repentance. Do not gain the whole world to lose your soul. The material possessions of this world including land, resources and material things cannot be compared with LOVE OF GOD WHICH PASSES ALL HUMAN UNDERSTANDING. Do earn a living and be as rich as you can be but must never forget your Creator and maker God. So fear God who destroys the body and the soul but restores back life eternally as seen in the Ezekiel valley of dry bones. When the Trumpet sounds the dead in Christ will first come alive joined by the living in the rapture meet Jesus in the clouds and be taken into heaven before Armageddon battle starts to destroy God haters. Be sure to belong to God, have confidence in God and Trust God in Jesus Name. God Loves you so receive God’s gift of eternal life in Christ.

LOVING ALL WARTS & ALL

Free Presentation on What Men Secretly WantOverwhelmingly romantic practical love for loved ones or agape family love for people includes loving warts and all though challenging. So each faces many daily issues of compromise of agreeing to disagree on individual differences. Since all people are not clones prizing imperfections as James Bauer wrote is just part of life. It is essential to achieve harmony inspite of obvious challenges. To other people “Happiness is having a large, loving, caring, close-knit family in another city according to George Burns. This quote makes you laugh because it catches you off guard. You find yourself agreeing wholeheartedly during the first part, only to find yourself agreeing again when he says something that seems to reflect an opposite sentiment at the end. We love to feel connected. We want to feel close with other people. But human imperfections always demand a little bit of space. That’s especially true with family members who don’t always politely respect privacy boundaries. We prefer it when they live in another city for all the closeness and intimacy we want in small doses. There are certain skills and talents that I’m fairly proud of. But it’s my weaknesses I’m most proud of. Well, to be more accurate, it’s growth I managed in those areas that makes me glad. For whatever reason, I didn’t start this life as an accepting person. It’s not that I judged people, or thought myself better than them. It’s just that I didn’t let them get close if I perceived flaws in their personality, intelligence, social skills, or whatever. So you can probably imagine how many close friends I had. I mean I had friends, but I never totally accepted them as “my own people,” so to speak.  Cars - Mater - Photo source – DisneySurprisingly, if you’ve ever seen Disney movie, Cars, you already witnessed a version of the lesson life has taught me (but with fewer talking cars in my case). Lightning McQueen considers “people” of Radiator Springs too flawed and too backward to be worthy of his time. The rusted ignorant “Mater” character is the worst of them. But in the end, McQueen realizes the true value of friendship and learns to appreciate Mater for who he is. McQueen discovers the joy of fully accepting others, flaws and all. I did that. The reason for my confession is simple. My life improved dramatically because of my personal growth in that area. So I spread the word in case it helps anyone else recognize the value of celebrating the imperfection of people. Happily, I discovered most people way ahead of me when it comes to accepting flaws of others. As I began to let them into my life more completely, I realized something I wasn’t expecting.

Disinterested couple sitting on couch.
Therefore, part of my hesitancy to let people get close stemmed from my own irrational belief I could somehow have friendships where nobody perceived my flaws… flaws they were destined to discover if I really let them become a part of my world. It’s interesting as a relationship coach I find myself helping others to build greater relationship intimacy, sometimes by overcoming the very weakness I am describing. It’s like someone with a fear of heights deciding to become a skydiving instructor. In any case, my message to you is this. I know I often emphasize ways to screen out men who are unworthy of your time and affection. But wisdom often comes in the form of a two-sided coin. You cannot understand the whole coin unless you are aware of both sides. So here’s balancing truth. Imperfections are not to be feared in yourself or others. Evaluate the imperfection and decide if it truly interferes with the possibility of a beautiful connection. If not, discover the joy of loving a flawed human being with your whole heart. If you would like to learn a method for triggering this special kind of intense attraction, watch the presentation I’ve prepared for you on What Men Secretly Want below. Always on your side, Learn the #1 Hidden Reason Men Fall In Love (He’ll Thank You For This)