HISTORY OF JESUS IN EGYPT

15650236527013619008052888259795.jpgAccording to Coptic Church is ‘altar’ of Mary in Al-Muharraq Monastery. The site where the Holy Family is believed to have settled for a period of more than six months; and the altar-stone was the bed on which the Infant Saviour lay. So the Al-Muharraq Monastery is located, in the land of Egypt’s exact geographical center. According to Matthew’s Gospel a flight of Holy Family into Egypt to seek refuge as an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said,”Rise, take the child and His mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there. Herod is going to search for the child to destroy him in Matthew 2:13. On their flight, Holy Family fled by night from Bethlehem and so returned when Joseph told in a dream it was safe to take the Saviour back to the land of His nativity. The Holy Family in Egypt in exile from Palestine lived at Matareya, a few miles northeast of Cairo. A fountain and a Sycamore tree they rested under exists as baby Jesus’ miracle. So they left the desert behind and made their way southwards crossing Nile eastern bank, to Matareyah and Ain Shams or ancient  Heliopolis site oldest in history ancient times since Jeremiah 43:13. The district suburb today’s Cairo miles city center.Virgin Mary's tree in MatariyaThe Holy Family avoid pagan areas and looked for places of Jewish settlements. Historical sources reveal Holy Family’s stay at Matareyah. Apocryphal gospel of Matthew, Coptic and Egyptian synaxar details Holy Family places. Matareyah, tree stands today, visited, called ‘Mary’s Tree’ as Family rested in shade. Infant Jesus caused water to flow from spring. He blessed it, drank from it and Mary washed His clothes, poured the washing water on ground and from spot fragrant balsam blossomed. It is used for healing and pain soothing properties of a balm essence prepared in scents of perfumes of holy Chrism. Southwards crossed Nile eastern bank, Matariya and Ain Shams ancient Heliopolis Cairo 10 km city. At Ain Shams large Jewish community, had temple Synagogue of Unias for worship. The Family rested shade of infant Old Cairo in Zeitoun landmarks of a Coptic heritage marking paths Holy Family. It is area called Old Cairo, Misr el Kadima, locations brief visit by Holy Family. The Governor of Fustat enraged their idols  fell at Jesus’ approach sought to kill the Child. Took shelter in the cave Church of Abu Serga St. Sergius built. And they  moved south Maadi to Memphis capital of Egypt. Boarded a sailing boat up Nile to southern Egypt. Historic church built on the spot they embarked dedicated to virgin is “Al Adaweya,” Virgin’s Church “of Ferry.” Maadi, Arabic, “the crossing time.” Stone steps lead down to River’s bank used by Holy Family accessible to pilgrims through the Church courtyard.15650274286609034532649623462935.jpg15650239357008186881934449794928.jpgOn Friday the 3rd of the Coptic month of Baramhat, 12 of March, 1976, a Bible floated along ripples of Nile to bank by the Church opened to Isaiah 19:25 says: “Blessed be Egypt My People.” The Bible is in glass in Sanctuary of in the Church. Sail-boat docked at village of Ashnein El Nassara or Deir el Garnous Monastery of Arganos 10 km west of Ashnein El Nassara near Maghagha. Western wall of church of Virgin deep well provided Holy Family with water needed. Then to a spot Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus,” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa 17 km west town Beni Mazar. To Samalout cross the Nile again to east bank of River Monastery of Virgin near Gabal al Tair east Samalout, thousands of birds. Holy Family rested in cave in ancient Church there. Coptics say Holy Family rested in the shade of the Mountain, Jesus stretched His little Hand to hold the rock about to fall from mountain-side imprint of His palm still visible. The Holy Family passed laurel tree south of Gabal El Tair by Nile from Mountain to Nazlet-ebeid Minia Bridge.The recorded events testify of townsfolk infuriated when their stone statue of a  local idol cracked and fell. They evicted Holy Family from town. A historically recorded incident dating to that period refers to devastation of Qussqam, and Coptic tradition asserts the ruin befell the town was the consequence of the violent rejection of their gentle visitors. The tree bows to worship Jesus passing Tree branches downwards on ground and upwards covered in green leaves called: “al abed” or “Worshipper.” They pass Beni-Hassan, town Al Ashmounein or Hermopolis Magna. Jesus’ Presence triggered idols to crumble as foretold by the prophets of old. So the townsfolk in consequence, turned angry, aggressive, and the Holy Family turned their backs on town and headed southwards. Their idols fell but blessed Al Ashmounein by Dairout Um Nakhla Jesus’ spring water flows. Sailed across Nile 10 km south to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia stone statue of idol cracked and fell so evicted Holy Family from town. Qussqam in Coptic tradition ruin consequence of rejection of Holy Family in land to built “Altar to LORD in midst of the land of Egypt.
15650137815178169806773825198128.jpg15650137416176017490009855160550.jpg15650139764656406210421673527323.jpgContinued southwards, the Holy family passed Fortress of Babylon in Old Cairo, and saw pyramids of Giza. According to tradition there used to be a palm tree at Giza under which Blessed Virgin Mary nursed Baby Jesus. This palm tree in the region bearing fruit. Holy Family moved south, reaching Cairo suburb of Maady district Memphis capital of Egypt. Maadi crossing doorway step by Nile as Joseph acquainted with sailors of Nile boats. So Holy Family taken south to Upper Egypt with the historic church built on spot they embarked.dedicated to the Blessed Mother, ‘Al-Adaweya’.Virgin’s Church ‘of the Ferry.’ Maady, derives from Arabic word means ‘the crossing point. There  stone steps lead down to the River bank used by Holy Family and the pilgrims through Church courtyard. On Friday 3rd of Coptic month of Baramhat 12 March, 1976, Bible floated on ripples of Nile to bank by Church. This opened Isaiah miracle occurred Friday on Nile to bank below the Church. Was opened to Isaiah 19: 25 says, “Blessed be Egypt My People.” Bible in glass in Sanctuary of the Church for all to see. And at Jesus’ entrance in country, all idols of the land of Egypt fell with a crash, shattered and broken upon their faces. Some received cures of leprosy, demoniac deliverance by His word. Route as travelers of Sinai from Palestine to Egypt cross Nile from infanticide fury of King Herod. The Holy Family avoid public paths of passing to cross Sinai. In Egypt, are chronicled by Theophilus, twenty-third Patriarch of Alexandria in 384 – 412 A.D. He testified on eve of sixth of Hator Coptic month of November details Holy Family’s journey to and from was Egypt recorded.

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Apocrypha Infancy Gospel of James says Holy Family fled together with Salome, Mary’s midwife. They made their way through Judaic desert to Jordan valley. Majority of images show their journey travelling in one direction and return to the Holy Family to The Holy Land. Then Holy Family proceeded from Bethlehem to Gaza, to El-Zaraniq Floussiat twenty-eight miles west of al-Arish, near oasis of Ain Hagla to Jordan River. A church honours Holy Family to mark the place where the Holy Family rest. Ain Hagla or Kalamonia means ‘good abode.’ To  northern Sinai reached Farma ancient Pelusium mid – way between al-Arish and present-day Port Said. The Greek monk Epiphanius Hagiopolites eighth century and Western monk Bernard the Wise in 870 AD mention in their writing the Holy Family stopped in the city. The church is dedicated to Mary as an angel gave message to Joseph to leave Egypt to ancient city of Hebron one of the oldest cities of the world of Holy site for Jews, Christians and Muslims is the cave of Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebecca, Jacob, Lea’s resting place bought from Ephron, son of Zohar cave of Machpelah owned at the edge of field. Sell at its full price for a burial place in Genesis 23:9. Holy Family continued journey to Ashkelon where Samson slaughtered Philistines by The Spirit of LORD upon him killed thirty men and despoiled and gave their garments to those who answered his riddle in Judges 14:19. On twenty-fourth day of Coptic month of Bashans to first of June, Coptic Church celebrates entry of Lord Jesus Christ to Land of Egypt. On that day churches pray doxology saying  “Rejoice, Oh Egypt; O, people of Egypt and all Children of Egypt who live in its borders, rejoice lift up your hearts, for the lover of all mankind, He is before the beginning of ages, has come to you.”7

Addeir Al-Moharraq – Al-Qussia – Assiut  is the place they stayed in Assuit known as Al-Qussia or Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. All the places mentioned are significant in the history of Egypt for centuries. The Pope Francis made Egypt the Roman Catholic pilgrimage route to celebrate Jesus, Son of God. Millions retrace the steps of the Holy Family in Egypt on map including numbers of the thirty places associated with their flight map route in Egypt. In various places Holy Family discovered many springs and wells in the area of the Nile delta and valley. And so many villages mention of a palm tree, which offered shade to the Holy Family and nourished them with its fruit as well. In the years between 7 – 4 BC when Gaius Turranius was governor in Egypt, the Holy Family crossed narrow Isthmus of al Qantara where Abraham in Genesis 12:10 Jacob and sons traveled to Egypt. Since creation, famines people of Israel travelled to Egypt freely or sent into the captivity God allowed to correct them to follow God exclusively. Moses was also in Egypt and as part of Garden of Eden is fertile so popular rulers took it over many times fighting battles of conquest.1565023204177488196839903038456.jpg
15648316192607707449909183363327.jpg20190803_193407The Coptic Synaxar calendar of saints records Tal Basta is seventy-two miles northeast of Cairo Egyptian town visited by Holy Family.  Oral traditions say that in Tal-Basta or Basta Jesus made spring well up from ground. and His presence triggered idols to crumble, as foretold by the prophets of old. The townsfolk, in consequence, turned malevolent and aggressive, whereupon the Holy Family turned their backs on the town and headed southwards. Reached Mostorod which later received name Al-Mahmma north west of Cairo. Al-Mahmma means ‘the Bathing place’ a name given to the town because the Virgin Mary bathed yhe Christ Child and washed His clothes there. On their way back into Palestine, the Holy Family stopped once more at Mostorod and caused a spring to gush from earth still flows forth today. There  are many walks credited to baby Jesus’ stay in Egypt still in existence today and used by many people for healing and to quench physical and Spiritual thirst. 15650136314072668717207106597809.jpg15650131602917997655590875821286.jpg15650137058841916118992256363270.jpg15650138379915733734401461513335.jpg15647671716299194124761044331387.jpgTheir flight continued to Belbeis where Mary Tree used by local citizens for the cemetery. The tree was removed in 1850 from the corner of Al-Ansârî Street. The other stories relate to token memorials of Jesus at Meniet Samanoud and Sakha, Burullus. The journey north to Meniet Samanoud is where the local population received them with kindness and good hospitality that earned them a deserved blessing. There is a large granite trough according to local belief used by Mary to knead dough and a water-well Christ Child, Himself, blessed still seen today. A
footprint of Christ child imprinted on a rock is stored to see  by many people in the Coptic Church in Egypt. According to Bishop Zacharias of Sakhâ Holy Family travels from Samanoud to Burullus via Sakha that tradition says Jesus left His footprint on rock. So place called Bikha Isus Pekha Issous or Lysous Footprint of Jesus. The rock is preserved hidden for centuries until 1984 in public in Sakha recorded in document of philus’ vision attested by Coptic practice Christians. 15650135107787450424615441894790.jpg15650135434734516151163585908850.jpg15650135901896726421233761475197.jpgThey journeyed into Wadi el-Natroun  and arrive at Wadi El Natroun Natroun Valley after crossing the Rosetta branch of the Nile to western Delta heading to south into Wadi El-Natroun Al Asqeet in the Western Desert of Egypt. In.earliest decades of Christianity, desert expanse to Wadi El-Natroun site of settlements and later many monasteries. And Jesus blessed desert and future settlements so monks occupy the four Wadi ‘n-Natrun  monasteries. Continued southwards the Holy family passed Fortress of Babylon in.Old Cairo and saw pyramids of Giza. According to tradition there used to be a palm tree at Giza under which Mary nursed Baby Jesus. This palm tree was tree in the region bears fruit eaten.On arrival at Wadi El-Natroun Natroun Valley after crossing the Rosetta branch of the Nile to the western Delta headed south into Wadi El-Natroun called Al Asqeet in Western Desert of Egypt. And on to Al Bahnassa and Samalout went on from there to spot later named Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa some thirteen miles west of town of Beni Mazar. The Blessed Mary took her Son and watched over Him for God gave Him wisdom to teach all, this 
is still true to believers. They went from Bahnassa to Samalout and crossed Nile again from that town to spot on the east bank of the River where the Monastery of Virgin now stands upon Gabal Al-Tair Bird Mountain east of Samalout, south of Meadeyat Beni Khaled. Holy Family rested in cave located inside the ancient Church. Gabal Al-Tair is called Gabal El-kaf Palm Mountain. Coptic tradition say the Holy Family rested in the shade of the mountain, Jesus stretched His little hand rock to stop from mountain side so His imprint of His palm is still visible.

When they resumed their travels, the Holy Family laurel tree a stone’s throw south of Gabal El-Tair, along pathway flanking the Nile and leading from the mountain to Nazlet-Ebeid and the New Minia Bridge of today. That tree bowed to worship Lord Christ as passing. The tree is unique all branches downwards, trailing on the ground, turn upwards again, covered i  cloak of green leaves. They call tree Al-Abed “Worshipper.6

Minya – Sondos Ahmed Continuing their journey through Upper Egypt crossing to west side of the river to Assuit, where they stayed for six months. The longest spent in the place during their journey through Egypt is where Joseph had the dream in which an angel told him that Herod the great was dead and was safe to return to Palestine. After spending more than three years in Egypt the Holy Family started the journey back, taking the same route to Palestine. The place they stayed in Assuit is Al-Qussia, where Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. Once more by crossing the Nile, back to its west bank, the Holy Family traveled southwards to town of Al-Ashmounein or Harmopolis Magna but did not tarry long there. Left behind fallen idols to Dairout Al-Sharif like Al-Ashmounein Greek named Philes and to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia. There exists a story of the warm welcome Holy family refugees moved to the next stop at Meir or Meira west of Qoussia. They found a kind hospitality so the town and people were abundantly blessed. Destination in the land of Egypt is a place they built an Altar to the LORD in the land of Egypt in Gabal Mount Qussqam. The Monastery of Al-Moharraq was built around area where Holy Family remained over six months. Their time spent in the cave in the Coptic era the altar of the Church of Mary and the altar stone was the resting place of the Child Jesus during months He dwelt there. Some refer to it as the Second Bethlehem. It is believed is the spot Al-Moharraq Monastery stands and angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, and said “Arise, take the young Child and His mother and go back to the land of Israel for they are dead all who seek the young Child’s life says Matthew 2:20. The church dedicated to Blessed Mary in Dair al-Moharraq was the first church built in Egypt. It is believed that it was built immediately after St. Mark’s arrival in Egypt around 60 AD. Return route deviated from one they came. It took them to city of Assiut and blessed locations commemorate the Christian buildings of mountaintop convent of the Virgin Mary chastity meditating to God.415647695989351293166802210656252.jpg15647718419366416825063876946834.jpg15647712266209045641125033054206.jpg15647716181057066058634311693047.jpg1564771488438193546246232715775.jpg15647722291825170952994978781330.jpgBiblical history says at the end of it all, they arrived home in Joseph’s old house in small town of Nazareth in Galilee. It’s from the land of Jewish Palestine where message of Christ in fullness of time will be heard. Journey from Bethlehem and a return to Nazareth lasted over three years and covering about 1242.80 miles. They travelled on a donkey and sailboat on Nile. These 25-stop-journeys in Egypt churches and monasteries from Gaza to North Sinai through Wadi Al-Arish and Al-Farama Pelusium southeast in a Nile Delta. They stopped at Al-Basta on their way in a place of monastery first home to of worship plus meditating to God. A flight into Egypt Al-Matarya district and Al-Zaytoun stops of Holy Family journey in Toman Bey Street Al-Zaytoun Church some church visitors report sightings of appearing near the church’s domes.IMG-20190805-WA0009.jpg15647696687232513344905955504971.jpg
Virgin Mary Church at Zaytoun Moving on to “Old Cairo” (Al-Fustaat), the Holy Family stayed for a short period of time in cave turned later to Abi Serja Church, inside Roman Fortress of Babylon. After they moved on to Al-Maadi district and stayed in location later turned to “Virgin Mary” Church. Sailed a boat south the Nile stream crossing east bank of river. Where Monastery of the Virgin on top of Gabal Al-Kaf is now located. Gabal Al-Kaf translates Mountain of the Palm is where Jesus is left imprint of His palm on the stones of mountain. Continued their journey through the Upper Egypt crossing back to western side of river to Assuit they stayed six months. It was the longest period spent in the same place during the journey through Egypt. And is where Joseph had a dream an angel told him that Herod the great was dead so safe to return to Palestine. After they spent more than three years in Egypt it then Holy Family started their journey back taking same route to Palestine. The place in Assuit is known as Al-Qussia or Al-Muharraq Monastery later built and still stands today. Place stayed in Assuit Al-Qussia Al-Muharraq Monastery was later on built and still stands today.7
Addeir Al-Moharraq – Al-Qussia – Assiut  As Pope Francis made it Roman Catholic pilgrimage route is expected to promote religious tourism in Egypt. Eight stops of the 25 chosen to form the main stops of these pilgrimage route. The pilgrimages starts in the city of Al-Arish, North Sinai, crosses to Eastern Delta of Nile reaching Wadi Al-Natroun. Number of important Coptic monasteries include the St. Mary Church in Mostorod, Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church and Garnos Monastery. In living history the Bible is confirmed as Joseph was warned in dream. Herod died the family returned from Egypt in 4 BCE. Herod Archelaus succeeded his father in Judea so they went to Galilee. Archelaus was so cruel in response to people’s complaints in 6 AD is deposed  by Augustus and banished to Vienne  in Gaul. Galilee was ruled by Archelaus brother, Herod Antipas. Matthew 2:23 says the return to Nazareth fulfilled the prophecy, “He shall be called Nazarene” in Isaiah 11:1, “A shoot will come from stump of Jesse from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.” Hebrew word “branch” means nezer and His disciples called the Nezarenes. Acts 24:5 says, What do You want with us Jesus of Nazareth, Master of the disciples. The Church of Nazarene and disciples of Jesus were as originally called the Nezarenes. Jesus calls Himself Nazarene to Paul in Acts 22:8 when he confronted Paul on way to Damascus to persecute the Christians.  The journey of Holy Family in Egypt is recorded by the Coptic Church follows exact path taken. 15647655726303558687336232351551.jpg15650134058157648650473818335824.jpg15650145416886883446397429289675.jpg15650146754766124226511878336471.jpg15650144556876398706482817113942.jpg15650143884118620840048854420774.jpg15650134365218379220791181379860.jpgIMG-20190802-WA0024.jpgJourney starts from Bethlehem to Gaza to El Zaraniq Floussiat 37 km west El Arish. To northern Sinai in Farma or ancient Pelusium mid-way between El Arish and Port-Said. To Tel Basta near Zagazig, in Sharqiah Governorate about 81 km northeast of Cairo, Jesus’ water sprung from ground. Into Mostorod 10 km from Cairo called Al Mahamma, the Bathing place, Mary bathed Christ Child and washed His clothes. On way back to Palestine Holy Family passed Mostorod again and spring gushed from the earth, flowing till present day. Northeastwards to Belbeis (ancient Philippos), back into Sharqiah Governorate, at a distance of about 55 km from Cairo. They rested in  shade of tree called, “The Virgin Mary’s Tree.” Holy Family continued journey north and passed by Zagazig. In Meniet Sammanoud Meniet Genah they passed by town Daqadous the church of Mary is found water-well Holy Family drank. Crossed Nile to city Sammanoud in the Delta were received with kindness and hospitality. A large granite trough used for kneading dough and the water-well Christ Child blessed. To north-west, Holy Family traveled Sakha, in lake-district of Burullus, present-day Governorate of Kafr El-Sheikh. Jesus Foot PekhaIssous  is Holy Child’s footprint marked in relief rock. The rock is preserved, hidden for centuries unearthed on 27 September 1984. Towns and cities in Governorates of Gharbia, Kafr El –Sheikh traditions say used to the Belqas wastelands. St. Bishoy - Wadi NatrounFrom Sakha, came to Wadi El Natroun (Natroun Valley) after crossing Rosetta branch of Nile to Western Delta, south to Western Wadi El Natroun (Scetis) so  crossed the Rosetta branch of the Nile to the Western Delta, and headed south into Wadi El Natroun (Scetis) in Western Desert of Egypt. Passed by the spring of Al Humra, infant Jesus caused a water spring from ground the well called Beer Mariam (Mary’s Well) today.  Christian Wadi El Natroun is site of the monastic settlements and commemoration of the Holy Family’s passage in valley. So left desert southwards across Nile, eastern bank to Matariya, Ain Shams ancient Heliopolis in Cairo, 10 km from the city center. At Ain Shams Jewish community, temple Synagogue of Unias for worship. In Matariya tree  day called the “Mary’s Tree.” The Family rest in shade and the infant Jesus caused water to flow from spring they drank and blessed. Mary washed His clothes, poured washing water on the ground spot is the fragrant balsam plant blossom. Healing, pain soothing balm is essence used in scents and perfumes of holy Chrism. In Old Cairo, Holy Family rested in Zeitoun, to Cairo landmarks of a Coptic heritage marking paths Holy Family. In called Old Cairo, Misr el Kadima brief visit by Holy Family. Governor of Fustat idols  fell at Jesus’ approach sought to kill the Child. Took shelter in the cave Church of Abu Serga St. Sergius. They moved south Maadi, Pharaonic to Memphis capital of Egypt. Boarded a sailing boat Nile to southern Egypt. Historic church built on spot embarked dedicated to “Al Adaweya,” Virgin’s Church “of Ferry” in Maadi, Arabic word “crossing time with stonesteps lead to River’s bank by Holy Family or pilgrims in Church courtyard.15650231719345177325429646183144.jpg15647746591524750616617573836161.jpg15648206312166047298118212240313.jpg15648205249871418165775925570653.jpg15647750292113261430125356731064.jpgOn Friday the 3rd of the Coptic month of Baramhat, 12 of March, 1976, a Bible floated along ripples of Nile to bank by the Church opened to Isaiah 19:25 says: “Blessed be Egypt My People.” The Bible is in glass in Sanctuary of in the Church. Sail-boat docked at village of Ashnein El Nassara or Deir el Garnous Monastery of Arganos 10 km west of Ashnein El Nassara near Maghagha. Western wall of church of Virgin deep well provided Holy Family with water needed. Then to a spot Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus,” the site of present-day Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa 17 km west town Beni Mazar. To Samalout, crossed Nile again to spot on east bank of River the Monastery of the Virgin stands Gabal al Tair east Samalout, thousands of birds there. Holy Family rested in cave in an ancient Church there. Coptics say Holy Family rested in shade of the Mountain, Jesus stretched His little Hand to hold rock about to fall from mountain-side on them imprint of His palm still visible. The Holy Family passed the laurel tree  south of Gabal El Tair by Nile from the Mountain to Nazlet-ebeid Minia Bridge. 15647657550798137027371597634471.jpgThe tree bowed to worship Jesus as He was passing Tree branches downwards on the ground and upwards covered in green leaves called: “al abed” or “the Worshipper.” Passed by Beni-Hassan to town of Al Ashmounein or Hermopolis Magna. There idols fell but they blessed Al Ashmounein to Dairout Um Nakhla Jesus spring of water flow. Sailed across Nile 10 km south to Qussqam or Qost-Qoussia infuriated stone statue of idol cracked and fell evicted the Holy Family from town. Qussqam, Coptic tradition asserts ruined as consequence of violent rejection. The Holy Family in the land of Egypt, built “altar to the LORD in midst of the land of Egypt.” The Gabal (mount) Qussqam, named from town laid waste, is 327 km south of Cairo, Governorate of Assiut, Monastery of Al Muharraq west foothills of the Mountain.15647670730353519001504066386624.jpg15650125485287456901946279490158.jpgBuilt the area where Holy Family stayed six months in a cave Coptic altar Church of Virgin Mary monastery compound. Is altar stone resting place of Child Jesus during months there. Monastery and its surrounding Coptic Christian ethos. It is spot Al Muharraq Monastery an angel of LORD appeared to Joseph in a dream and said: “Arise and take young Child and His mother into the land of Israel; for they are dead which sought young Child’s life, in Mathew 2:20. They return journey on the same route but deviated slightly from first Western Mountain, 8 km southwest of city of Assiut. Location commemorated by Christians building a mountain-top Convent of Mary. In Old Cairo Matariya Mahamma retrace steps journey across Sinai into Palestine. The return journey Jesus to Israel in 4BC as Herod died to Nazareth. The Gospel in Luke 2:22-40 Mary and Joseph took their Infant Jesus to the Temple in Jerusalem  after forty days of His birth to complete Mary’s ritual purification of childbirth. Perform the redemption of the firstborn son in obedience to the Leviticus 12, the  Exodus 13:12–15. Luke says Joseph and Mary provided for poor people instead of lamb sacrifice in Temple. Leviticus 12:8, sacrificing of pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.” In Leviticus 12:1- 4  event takes place forty days after birth for male child. Presentation celebrated forty days after birth of Christ. Jesus in temple encountered Simeon. The Gospel records Simeon promised ” not to see death before sees Lord’s Christ” in Luke 2:26. Simeon prayed, blessed Jesus, told future of Jesus Mary kept in her heart. 15648316192607707449909183363327.jpg

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WHAT DID JESUS SAY ON TAX

IMG-20190718-WA0003.jpgMatthew 17:24-27;22:15, Mark 12; Luke 20, Jesus said, Give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar, to God what belongs to God. The Biblical accounts of Gospels in Capernaum said tax collectors of two drachma temple tax asked Peter if Jesus pays tax, he said He does. If Jesus paid taxes then what did Jesus teach His disciples? Matthew records two taxes  Jesus paid in Matthew 17:24-27; 22:15-22 temple tax and tax to government in Rome. People asked Jesus: “Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar?” It was a ploy to set a trap for Jesus. But He saw through their attempt to manipulate Him and falsely accuse Him of asking people not to pay. 15634591710442531419311844554429.jpgSo obliged to pay the tax, Jesus paid His taxes with the coin from the mouth of a fish Peter caught. Tax collector cornered Peter and asked if Jesus paid the temple tax. Later in Matthew 17:2427 Jesus said to Peter at home, “Simon, does the kings collect taxes from their own children or from other people? Peter answered the others. And Jesus replied we don’t want to cause trouble go cast a net in the lake and the first fish you catch open mouth, and you will find a coin. Use coin to pay your taxes and mine.” Take it and give them for my tax and yours.”15634589315132523190425229438762.jpgJesus told the Pharisees and Herodians to give to Caesar things belong to Caesar in Mark 12. The issue is controversial as people disagree on how the government spends money. Some people feel angry because their needs are not met though they pay tax. The Bible example of Jesus to pay taxes again in Gospel of Matthew Mark and Luke are other account of the Pharisees trying to trap Jesus to find the reason to accuse him. In Matthew 22:15-22 Pharisees went out and laid plans to trap Jesus to use His words against Him.Jesus on Taxes in the BiblePharisees disciples with Herodians said “Teacher,” they said, “we know you are sincere so teach the way of God in truth. You are not influenced by men. Tell us, what is your opinion? Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not?” Jesus, knowing their evil intention said, “You hypocrites why are you trying to trap me? Show a coin for paying tax.” They brought him a denarius and He asked them, “Whose head inscription?” They said, “Caesar’s. Then He said to them, “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to God belongs to God.” When they heard this, they were amazed so they left him and went away.20190718_152609.jpgIf Jesus refused ​to pay or He condemned Caesar they will accuse Jesus of inciting rebellion. People had no choice but to pay as Jesus also did. And Zachaeus a tax collector climbed a tree to see Jesus passing by. Impressed Jesus dined in his home during meal he decided to restore money he extorted by collecting taxes in Mark 2:13-17. In Psalm 24:1, The earth is the LORD’S and everything in it but life requires money to function, pay staff, provide services, resources, processing, printing costs, transporting goods. And maintaining the structures and repairs restoration, regeneration, grounds and gardens etc. Too numerous to list costs of services provided by the nations. Amazon, Google, Wealthy Offshore accounts do not pay tax proportionately fairly like others.20190718_152057.jpgJesus and His disciples voluntarily gave to the Temple tax and state to set a good example. Taxes paid directly to local tax collectors who decided what people pay. Tax collectors paid by charging people more to earn money.  Levi, the apostle was the customs official in Capernaum taxed imports and exports as he liked. The Jews hated him because he worked for Rome and betrayed his countrymen.  Zacchaeus was a chief tax collector for the Jericho district notorious for taxes changed meeting Jesus of Nazareth.15634592789297575198766104501144.jpgPeople are saying the tax exemption for Churches are unfair making mega rich pastors super wealthy multimillionaires Church members struggle to pay bills, food, mortgage, health insurance, fees or basic necessities of life. Private jets, mansions get bigger, fleet of cars longer but members poor. Its a major source of tension rich multi billionaires are state sponsored in extravagant lifestyles. Schools reduce hours, hospitals cut staff budget reduced. The churches use tithe, offerings, donations, for salaries wages, cost of projects, feed orphans, help poor under the radar, homeless, HIV, disaster flood victims, TV ministry, preaching, teaching Gospel Message of Jesus Christ, Evangelism etc. among wonderful work  of God. Admission fee puts people off so first time Benny Hinn was at NEC entry was free. Thousands turned up with no room for overflow solved crowd control next visit with ticket admission. Only a few people turned up venue was almost empty. God said nobody must enter HIS Presence empty handed so Jesus talked about the widow’s mite even poor give. In Exodus 23:15 God said, no one shall appear before ME empty-handed. Also in Exodus 34:20 God said no one must appear before ME empty-handed. Again in  Deuteronomy 16:16 God said do not appear before the LORD empty-handed.20190718_151828.jpgGap between the rich and poor widens causing hunger and the stress, pressure, unemployment, lack, in deprived areas. No resources for disadvantaged so most public servants cannot get on the home ownership ladder. Many depend on the food banks despite their hard work and education. Zero hour job wastes time of trained staff without job or income. And the popular highly influential Christian leaders spew wrong ideas as ‘Christian Ideas.’ Don’t be misled…Study the bible yourself to know the truth of the Word of Christ. Read Bible as JesusFollowers and Christian’s. Some think Churches must follow Jesus’ example to provide fairly for the least in society too. So gap between rich and poor widens as many continue to suffer daily, starve and die in the most advance developed wealthy countries. Unfortunately a Class divide disproportionately allocate lion share to themselves as the world watches them flaunt it in their faces daily. 1 Timothy 6:10 says the LOVE of money is the root of all evil. Craving more money is cause of all evil in doing so wander from true faith so pierce themselves with sorrow.20190718_170247.jpg20190718_152338.jpgIMG-20190717-WA0000.jpgChristian family is fined taxes saying it is against God’s will to pay taxes. The  Christian family refused to pay income tax because its “against God’s will” but are ordered to pay more than A$2m tax (£1.1m $1.4m) to Australia’s tax office. It is Christian debate Rembertus Cornelis Beerepoot and Fanny Alida Beerepoot of Tasmania do not pay income tax since 2011 as their religious right. Their farm was seized and sold by a local council in 2017 for not paying seven years of tax rates. Ms Beerepoot told the court: “We don’t own anything because it is God’s.” The siblings represented themselves in Supreme Court of Tasmania Wednesday, after did not pay $930,000 in income tax or other charges in 2017 ABC News said.The Beerepoots leave court on 17 July 2019Rembertus Cornelis Beerepoot (left) and Fanny Alida Beerepoot (far right) seen here outside the court in Tasmania. Mr Beerepoot argued the law of God is the “supreme law of this land” and making people pay tax weakens dependency on God, leading to “curses… in the form of droughts and infertility.” “Transferring allegiance from God to Commonwealth means rebelling against God breaking first commandment,” he said, according to the public broadcaster. In judgement, Associate Justice Stephen Holt said he believed Beerepoots’ beliefs is genuinely held but there is no specific reference in Bible to support their argument. “In my view, Bible effectively said civil matters and law of God operate in two different spheres.” So the siblings ordered to pay sums of – Ms Beerepoot A$1.17m and Mr Beereport A$1.16m to cover income tax, administrative penalties and all interest charges” and costs in court documents. What do you think about various views?

BBC News excerpts reblogged & updated

COOKING, WASHING, TAMES

Man holding babyCooking, washing clothes, cleaning and childcare, tames men who once thought it was only the women’s job. Like most men, Jean Pierre 32 lives in Mwulire in Eastern Province in Rwanda and leaves domestic chores to his wife. Impatient, angry, demands perfection due to lack of awareness that a woman’s job is 24/7 so never ends day or night. He becomes aggressive if his wife did not meet the standards of his expectations so beats her. A grassroots intervention program trying to reduce domestic violence in Rwanda teaches men how to do household chores, and a recent study suggested it has a positive effect on communities. So Muhoza Jean Pierre used to beat his wife because he saw her as someone he married just to have children and and look after them. “I was following example of my father. My father did not do anything at home,” he said. “If ever I came home and found something not done yet I insult her. “I called her lazy, told her she was useless so must go back to her parent’s house.” But something changed after he learnt to cook and clean. It was all part of a grassroots intervention programme in Mwulire village in Eastern Province, Rwanda encouraging men’s domestic roles, including childcare. Jean Pierre says the project called, ‘Bandebereho’ or role model in Kinyarwanda helps tamed and transformed his behaviour. He took part in classes covering everything from cooking and cleaning and discuss how to challenge men’s traditional gender roles. “They asked, if a man can sweep the house, and we would say ‘he can’,” he said. “And then they would ask us: ‘Who among you does that?’ And there was no one.”Man cooking next to his wife

Real men shouldn’t cook

Facilitators from ‘Bandebereho’ taught Jean Pierre how to do tasks previously he believed his wife should do. He also added: “We would go home and try to put this into practice. “Then we would go back to training with witnesses who would testify they had observed some changes in us. “I know how to cook. I do laundry for the kids. I know how to peel plantains, I know how to pound dry cassava and sift the flour.” Jean Pierre and his wife have been married for 10 years and never helped her before. And making changes was not easy as Jean Pierre’s friends discouraged him from doing household tasks, telling him: ‘No real man should cook.’ “My family and friends said my wife bewitched me by giving me some magic drugs. They said no genuine man should carry a bundle of firewood in the street because that is for henpecked men,” he said. But Jean Pierre continued when he saw benefits to his family. He says his children feel closer to him and his wife now runs a banana business that has allowed them to improve their home. “The way my wife treats me now is different from the way she used to treat me,” he said. “She used to treat me badly because I was mistreating her too, but now we discuss and agree on things to do. “I set her free, now she is working and I am working too; whereas before I was convinced she had to stay home and be available whenever I would need her.” Fear and little freedom affected Jean Pierre’s wife Musabyimana Delphine who says she used to have little freedom and lived in fear. She said: “Sometimes I felt like a mere worker, and I would remember a worker has a salary. “I never thought a woman can ever have her own money, because I never even had time to think about any activity that generate money. “Now I have enough freedom in house, I go out and work for money like others. Start training young boys now so when they grow up they will help their wife and help look after the children. When both work, it’s a burden on the woman to care for the family or children alone.man washing a plateThe ‘Bandebereho’ project taught Jean Pierre to do tasks previously believed his wife should do. Delphine leaves at 5am to sell plantains at a market, while Jean Pierre stays at home and takes care of their four young children. “I come home relaxed and find food ready,” she said. The project’s curriculum originally developed in Latin America by global fatherhood campaign MenCare believes true equality will only be reached when men take on 50% of world’s childcare and domestic work. The research looks into changing men’s attitudes towards family care and traditional domestic. It was soon realised the good impact on men. A study looking at couples taking part in the project found two years after taking childcare lessons in Rwanda men were less likely to use violence against their female partners than those who did not attend the classes. But the study suggested one in three women whose partners took part in the programme still reported experiencing intimate partner violence. National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda, released a data in 2015, around 52% of men in the country were violent towards partners. Rwanda Men’s Resource Centre, which delivered the programme in the country, wants ‘Bandebereho’ to be widely adopted by communities and country’s government. Fidele Rutayisire the chairman of centre, said: “We still have negative social norms, negative masculinity perception cultural barriers as main factors of high violence against women in Rwanda. “Traditionally men don’t take care of children here but men control sex, resources, decision-making. “When men are actively involved in the home they realise sacrifices of women in childcare so their attitude on gender changes positively, they understand the value of gender equality.” Delphine and Jean Pierre said the program benefited their family and the whole community. “We are now on honeymoon, 10 years after our wedding,” said Jean Pierre. If there is conflict or security issue in our neighbourhood our opinion is respected because they see we don’t have problem in our household. Men appreciate and help their wives and not demand they do all the housework or take care of the family, business, Church alone without support of husbands. A happy wife is a happy life and the Bible says love your wife as Christ loved His bride Church and gave His life for you. Timothy says a husband must first look after his family and own household before serving the Church. Don’t neglect your wife and the children in the NAME OF GOD leisurely talking to single women while your wife and children at home suffer. Remember your wife is that same beautiful single woman you married and used her body to give birth to your children. And don’t abandon her for fresh young woman to give birth later to become abandoned as wife. This causes baby mama problems because men want to eat their cake and have it. So wants exclusive attention of wife at the expense of the children some are jealous of. Forget their parents took great care of them as done to children. Grow up and be father to the children to mature a responsible man not manchild depending on wife as mother. For even the Son of Man Jesus did not come to be served but to serve and give His life as a ransom for many says Mark 10:45.

  • 27 November 2018
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OXFORD CHRISTIAN CAMPS

Oxford_skyline_0The students at the University of Oxford voted to ban a Christian group from one of their colleges because it will threaten their “physical and mental safety.” The JCR at Lady Margaret Hall have voted overwhelmingly in favour of banning Christian Concern group from hosting a residential summer camp on the Oxford premises because their values do not align with those of the college. Christian Concern members protested outside the abortion clinics and its founder Andrea Williams believes in the criminalisation of homosexuality. She claimed the earth is only 4,000 years old not the 4.5 billion years by science community. The group wants to host the residential camp for young people, aims to train and equip the invited students on what it means to proclaim Christ in public life, but JCR members vote rejects the residency by a margin of 81 votes to eight, with two absentia. According to student newspaper OxStu, “members of the JCR spoke in the debate recognised Christian Concern as “real threat to the physical and mental safety of students.” One student made point “we’re inviting them into our home and we can’t invite people who stand against our values.” The debate was consultative, but the college’s governing body will make its final decision next week. The move is understood to be driven by the LGBT students who say they wouldn’t feel so welcome if the college gives platform to the Christian camp. There is a perceived threat because of organisation’s history of pro-life choice protests outside the abortion clinics. The camp is supposed to take place next summer, before term starts but no fixed date has been set. Although the vast majority of students will not be at the college, some will be on site doing research projects. Around 60 postgraduates live permanently on site. In a statement to The OxStu, Oxford student newspaper, a JCR spokesperson said: “The JCR met to discuss and pass a motion that they oppose the Christian group coming. But, until a decision is made, it would not be appropriate to comment further.”

World University Rankings top 10

1. Oxford University
2. Cambridge University
3. California Institute of Technology
=3. Stanford University
5. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
6. Harvard University
7. Princeton University
8. Imperial College London
9: University of Chicago
10. ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
10. University of Pennsylvania

MARRIED 45 GAVE BIRTH 47

God’s Time is the best to fulfil the plans and purpose for your life to Glorify God as Gifty Anti’s testimony shows. This is the Lords doing and it is marvellous in our eyes. Wait on GOD ALMIGHTY and do not lean on your own understanding in all your ways acknowledge God, HE WILL BRING TO PASS IN JESUS NAME. This powerful message is to encourage all people to Seek God’s Face especially for marriage. Do not marry because you feel it’s too late so rush into relationship to destroy you in the end. So many fear they may not get married after a certain age, convince themselves so share the husband of another woman. They miss their own husband due to impatience so regretted later and wished they waited for God. Delay is not denial so better to build up good character and reputation to wait as a virtuous woman. The same goes for men marrying the children too young with undeveloped body to bear a weight of children or be a matured wife. GLORY to God for matured women that are fully grown and to handle marriage better. Those miserable and lonely who think marriage solves all problems must love themselves first to bring good vibes into the marriage. Spend quality time to enjoy the single years dedicated to God and busy minding your own business. It is true marriage is beautiful, wonderful and fulfilling because God created the first marriage in Garden of Eden. God said, it is not good to be alone so made Eve out of Adam’s rib to join one flesh.

Marriage ordained by God so important to organise marriage as God planned and intends. Adam and Eve are created as fully grown adults with all available resources before their marriage was created by God. Time of singlenesss is time preparation towards marriage because such precious times cannot be regained after marriage. The single person is married to God in Christ so devoted to things of God Bible says. A popular saying is that marriage is like a woollen blanket itches when covered by it and cold without it. Those inside it are desperate to get out while those outside can’t wait to get in. Marriage is so great and wonderful because two better than one strengthening each other when the going gets tough. A real life marriage is not just like a fantasy drama of actors pretending to be couples on TV reciting written scripts and paid. Do not base a choice of a life partner on TV drama or Mills and Boons romantic fantasy novel although it contains elements of truth of real life. Marriage that endures lifetime is deeper than TV drama marriage takes the Grace, Mercy and Favour of God to endure the challenges and adversity of life together as a couple. And marriage is NOT HAPPILY EVER AFTER always as novels say it is practical real life matters of building family, relationship with the in-laws, humility, respect for people in the families, Honour, respect and never just the two couples involved. Be ready to become part of bigger family looking after interests of others not just yourself as God planned. Couples celebrate their wedding interact with family to support them in time of need. And never isolate yourselves to be in love to burn bridges because after the dust settles you need all those people to help the marriage to thrive. Isolated marriages are too close for comfort puts too much stress on each other to ruin marriage. A single person is WHOLE PERSON made in the IMAGE OF GOD. So stop thinking you are incomplete without marriage if not married yet or chooses not to marry marriage is not a competition of friends. Do not rush into marriage because you feel left behind by agemates. A real life journey is personal and individual, seek the face of God before marriage. 

Polyandry marriage of women married to more than one husband is common in India, Nigeria, China, Mountain tribes of Asia where there are more women than men. Similar words are polygyny, bigamy and deuterogamy. The Bible says 7 women will take hold of one man and say we are self-sufficient, so have everything already, we just want to be called by your name “Mrs.” Solomon and 700 wives and his 300 concubines, feminists now demand equal rights of polyandry to be like men. God allowed Abraham, Jacob, David among others to have many wives. Though God said, one man join one wife as ONE FLESH people are greedy so want more. After all God and Jesus are too HOLY without sexual needs, without a wife, so how on earth are they going to understand human needs of the flesh? The signs of end time debauchery and lasciviousness like the days of Noah and Sodom and Gomorrah Jesus has warned about will happen be before His coming again. Hope you are all well by the Grace of God. Pray with intense fasting intercession to break family covenant of spiritual marriage you are dedicated to fighting real life spouse. Secrets are not shared by parents so seek deliverance in Jesus Name for a breakthrough. Don’t consult psychics, necromancers, fortune tellers, native doctor herbalist, witch doctor for marriage because you will be initiated to satan and demons will marry you to prevent real life marriage. It may seem they gave you husband or wife but it is loaded with evil because satan does not give anything free without taking back a life of family members to kill, destroy or make them suffer in life. So may not realise your connection to idol shrine is the cause of all family sickness, poverty, and premature deaths. Ancestors sought ‘protection’ from: evil witchcraft, wars, land disputes, chieftaincy by sacrificing the family to shrines. Such generational covenants are known or unknown to family members suffering today. The LORD GOD ALMIGHTY is the source of life and giver of marriage so follow the plan if God for your life. Do not listen to those who ruined their life embarrassed by your virtuous life to deceive you to ruin your life. They may call you “an old maid” left on the shelf but GOD’S TIME is the BEST in Jesus Name. All laughing and mocking you now will see the Glory of God in your life and your testimony in Jesus Name. Others decide to do their own deceived by those who want their life destroyed to spur on to disgrace them. Beware and stand on the word of God for inspiration, hope, assurance in Christ and trust God in Spirit and Truth to beautify your life in His Own Time for you. You will enjoy your marriage because you are  faithful to God so HE WILL Make A WAY for you where there is no way in Jesus Name. The Bible in Exodus 21:10, says a man can marry an infinite amount of women without limits to how many to marry. And in 2 Samuel 5:13; 1 Chronicles 3:1-9, and in 14:3, King David had six wives and his numerous concubines. Also in 1 Kings 11:3, King Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines. Again in 2 Chronicles 11:21, King Solomon’s son Rehoboam had 18 wives and 60 concubines. And in Deuteronomy 21:15 A man with two wives loves one but not the other and both bear sons favours one more. The laws of each land dictate the number of spouse according to that culture.  

IMG_20180915_131117If you have Spiritual Father and Mother in Christ go and talk to them privately about your desire to get married. Study Biblical marriage to read good books on marriage from God to help understand marriage better. Ensure you are able to provide marital needs like rent, food, work to have money to pay the bills, to first take care of yourself before you go to add children’s needs into a marriage for more responsibility. Love alone is not enough because love does not pay bills or provide food just because you declare or flaunt how madly you are in love on social media. Be happy first in yourself, see marriage as bonus adding value to your life rather than depending on person to fulfil your life. Impossible to demand spouse totally fulfil all areas of your life needs because you love and married them. You demand they be God who is ONLY ONE Provider that way. Its misunderstanding to destroy marriage because of your assumption a partner will meets all your needs but you do not tell them what your need is. You insist they read your mind to do all you want from them without TALKING to them or doing good to them in return. Marriage is not a ONE WAY culdesac no return of favour done to you. Negotiate with family through the good servant of God with your family in partnership for a spouse. Even if church helps you find spouse include family or if family finds you spouse include the church if a born again believer. You need them along the journey of married life for sure honour family and stay in church in marriage ordained by God. Families give account to God on judgement day so remember God will deal with you as you deal with spouse and fam vily. Check your heart for motives of marriage to be sure you love, show kindness, peace, joy, so loyal, forgives, self-control, laughter help each other, family after honeymoon is over reality sets in. Marriage not for the fainthearted so treat it with respect, honesty, trust be transparent for your own good to help save to preserve your married life in peace. Continue to pray intensely as you did when seeking that life partner to defeat and conquer the onslaught of forces that contend with the marriage. Do not relax and think nobody fights over conquered fortress to settle down so ignore spouse. This is beginning of married life of challenges in relationship. With God all things are possible so be alert watch out pray, seek deliverance in Mighty Name of Jesus!!!

IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA

Iron-rich foodsDo you get enough iron from your diet? If not, liver red meat, green vegetables, nuts and seeds are good dietary sources of iron. And if you often feel tired, short of breath or you feel you heart beating faster inside your chest go for check up from your doctor. If friends commented you look unusually pale iron deficiency anaemia, is the world’s most common nutritional disorder in UK, common among young women. Analysis by the government’s Scientific Advisory Committee Nutrition (SACN) on iron and health in 2011 indicated 21% of women aged between 19 and 34 had below recommended level ferritin of iron is stored in the body. I recently suggested to a friend with the symptoms to get herself checked out by her GP. A blood test revealed she was so anaemic it was surprising she could still walk upstairs. A few iron tablets sorted her out. It’s worth adding that you should talk to your GP if you’re considering taking them – you might not need them and your symptoms could be caused by something else. The body can’t produce iron, so you have to get it in your diet whether through foods that naturally contain it or those fortified with iron, such as white bread and breakfast cereal. The problem is not all of iron is in a form you can actually absorb.Trust Me teamTo get iron from food eat leafy green vegetables raw, steamed, but do lightly boil your spinach. Eat or the fruit juice containing vitamin C with meals And a fermented bread is best for ealth. The Trust Me I’m a Doctor asked nutrition scientist Prof Paul Sharp, from King’s College London, to find the foods you should be eating to boost iron levels naturally. Red meat is rich in the sort of iron bodies find easy to absorb but these days many people are either cutting back on red-meat consumption or cutting it out altogether. And there are good sources of iron in dark-green leafy vegetables, such as kale and spinach, and pulses, such as peas and lentils. The problem is you don’t absorb as much iron from plant sources as you do from red meat. Then, there is the iron you can get from fortified bread and breakfast cereals, though again it is not always in a very absorbable form. To demonstrate this, a neat party trick is to grind up the cereal, add some warm water and you can actually use a magnet to draw the iron filings out of the mush. Wait for your coffee. How you prepare your food and what you drink with it can change how much iron you absorb. To demonstrate this, Prof Sharp carried out experiments to mimic human digestion. The tests mimicked the effect of the enzymes involved in digesting food and the chemical reaction that occurs in human gut cells to show how much iron would be absorbed. Prof Sharp showed that if you drink orange juice with your fortified breakfast cereal you absorb much more iron than when eating the cereal on its own – because orange juice contains vitamin C, makes it easier to absorb iron from food. Disappointingly, if you drink coffee with your morning bowl of cereal, then that will mean you absorb significantly less iron.CabbageRaw cabbage anyone? According to Prof Sharp, it’s because coffee is full of chemicals called polyphenols that are very efficient at binding to the iron and making that iron less soluble. So, if a fortified cereal is your breakfast of choice, then having a small glass of orange juice or an orange will help increase your iron uptake. You might also want to consider postponing your morning coffee until at least 30 minutes after you’ve eaten.But what if you prefer getting your iron from more natural sources? Raw cabbage is a good source of available iron but we found that steaming it lessened the amount of available iron while boiling reduced it even further. That’s because, like oranges, cabbage is rich in vitamin C – and when you boil it, the vitamin C is released into cooking water. If you want to get the maximum nutrients from your cabbage, eat it raw (an acquired taste) or steam it. The same is true of other veggies that contain both iron and vitamin C, such as kale, broccoli, cauliflower and watercress. But, strangely enough, spinach is completely different. We found that when we boiled the spinach, it actually released 55% more “bioavailable” iron than when eaten raw. Prof Sharp says: “Spinach has compounds, called oxalates, and they basically trap the iron. “When we cook spinach, the oxalate is released into the cooking water, and therefore the iron that remains will be more available for absorption.” Finally, what about the bread? We found the best bread for delivering iron was sourdough bread. That’s because wheat contains a chemical called phytic acid that slows down iron absorption by body. When sourdough bread is made, the fermentation process breaks down the phytic acid so the iron that remains is more available for absorption. There are more diet tips on the Trust Me website.

Trust Me I’m a Doctor continues on BBC Two on Wednesday, September 12, at 20:00

HAPPIER IN BIGGER HOUSE?

isbUK is said experiencing a dire shortage of living space, but does having more room necessarily make people more content? It is common to hear concerns about pokey new-builds and sky-high rents forcing people into ever smaller homes. But the reality is that living spaces in England and Wales are larger than ever, with the average home increasing from 88 to 90 square metres between 2004 and 2016. Instead, the issue is distribution of space is more unequal. The owner occupiers has lots of space compared with young renters sharing a home with several others. In 2017, about 28% of UK households contained one person, up from 17% in 1971. But the proportion of families and individuals sharing private rented housing has almost tripled since 1992 to 6.6%, according toresearch by the Resolution Foundation think tank. So, does more space always mean happier occupants, or is there a cut-off point?Housing in numbers datapic

Status and neighbours

A London-based colleague recently told me about her aunt coming to visit her from Hong Kong. Upon seeing her shoe-box bedroom, she was filled not with pity, but with envy. The aunt had grown up seven people to one room, and thought this living arrangement the height of luxury. This illustrates how the level of space that we expect or aspire to can depend on what we are used to. Even after people move to a bigger house, it may not take long for them to start to feel like they don’t have enough. Surveying almost 1,000 people who chose to upsize their home, my research found that housing satisfaction initially increased after a move by 1.2 points on a seven-point scale. But within three years, this rise had diminished by about 30% as people’s space expectations increased.Chart showing housing satisfaction rises before a house move before diminishing

You might think that people with very big houses would be more satisfied with their property. Found increase beyond four rooms per person resulted in no uplift in housing satisfaction at all. This category is likely to include some older people who would like a smaller space but are reluctant to leave the family home. Even for the average household, more space may not necessarily lead to more happiness. Our space expectations are conditioned by where lived before, but by neighbours. Because house size is status symbol feels worse off if other people get larger houses. A recent US study found increase in size of largest 10% of superstar houses had significant negative effect on their neighbours, Woman prepares food with her daughterThose people who moved into a bigger home, previous surveys have suggested people would be prepared to have less living space overall if it meant less than others. Rising cost of ‘normal’ is not to say everyone is consciously competing with their neighbours over who has the biggest house. Most concern of a house size may stem from underlying desire to fit in to do things considered “normal.”  This could be having dinner around the family table or watching TV on the sofa which requires what is considered to be a “normal” level of living space. If home sizes increase then so does the amount of space we feel like we need just to keep up. If all have space for home gym having friends round for a workout could well become as normal as having them round for dinner.Couple looking at big houseCounting the costs as a nation, do not seem to be getting any happier with our housing, even though living space and housing conditions have improved for many people. The US-based study draws similar conclusions. It suggests people living in a detached house, satisfaction stayed the same since the 1980s as the amount of space per person has grown by about 40%, to more than 900 square feet. People moving into bigger homes comes with costs. Spending more on housing means people incurring more mortgage debt, working longer hours, or commuting longer distance, building more homes has significant irreversible environmental costs. An overwhelming case is to provide genuinely affordable housing for those suffering in cramped, unaffordable living conditions. Beyond this increase is if average living spaces improve wellbeing society is debated. This analysis piece was commissioned by the BBC from an expert working for an outside organisation. Dr Chris Foye is knowledge exchange associate with the University of Glasgow, UK Collaborative Centre for Housing Evidence. His role is building relationships between housing researchers, policymakers, practitioners and residents.