JESUS UNITES ALL IN ISRAEL

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Galatians 3:26-28 says not a Jew, Gentile, Greek, SLAVE, free, MALE, FEMALE ALL ARE ONE IN CHRIST JESUS. In the Bible Jesus Christ of Nazareth came to SAVE to redeem ALL FAMILIES in Christ. God created all black and white people equal in God’s Kingdom, no rank, class, status. SOVEREIGN GOD JEHOVAH and CHRIST JESUS are Ultimate Authority all submit to in ETERNAL LIFE. So Matthew 22:30 says after resurrection people DO NOT MARRY so no virgins to marry. Glorified body is like angels in heaven in eternal life so no need to marry, to give birth to replenish earth in future. All restored to youthful bodies, healed, live perfectly healthy lives eternally. Love is directed totally first to God and to Jesus Christ flowing through all people. There is no need to seek fulfilment through a human being because all are fulfilled in Christ Jesus. The supernatural love God fills mankind with is superior to human love. All LOVE comes from God through Jesus the Bridegroom, enriched deeply in Christ Jesus Alone in eternal life. So human romance pales in comparison to GOD’S DEEPEST LOVE BEYOND human understanding in terms of earthly love. Earthly love is full of disappointment, pain, hurt and grief. A Heavenly LOVE yet fully experienced on earth glimpses of true love found here, there on earth.4bdde64e26478018c275ab2ae84328d6.jpgPERFECT LOVE after GLORIOUS BODY IS FOUND IN CHRIST so no human can provide angelic love for glorified body higher being in Christ Jesus. ETERNAL LIFE IN GOD’S PRESENCE is NO HATRED VENGEANCE, Bitterness or vendetta for only the PURE IN HEART FULL OF LOVE ENTER GOD’S PRESENCE. GOD IS LOVE in heaven no evil on earth exists after judgement BY JEHOVAH. Only the sheep enter heaven and goats are thrown out into hellfire burning forever. A banquet by KING MASTER JESUS for all no slaves IN HEAVEN. Emancipate yourself from the arrogant mental slavery justifying abuse of people in THE NAME of God. Vengeance belongs to Jehovah to meet out so stop misleading the people with twisted lies misquoting Bible to deceive naive vulnerable people. Only Jesus is able to Comfort us and restore PERFECT PEACE we crave because human love is limited. Be content, so grateful, thankful for families you feel not good for you. It is God who puts people in families for a reason. Trust God with your family and AVOID ANYONE WHO DIVIDES FAMILY! 29131.jpgJesus the Messiah is surrounded by His mother, father siblings in His Ministry on earth and in heaven with Jesus. Any Church that divides family is a cult for manipulation naive members to control them by CUTTING OFF from loved ones who SEE THROUGH FAKE PASTORS. The fake pastor deceives people for control weakens them without back up support challenging controlling behaviour. They fear families standing up to stop abuse so anyone who knows the Bible well or confronts them is blackmailed and also vilified to subdue members. They make examples of people to humiliate them to put fear in them to become ZOMBIES or robots they control. Beware of anyone twisting BIBLE to CONTROL your life because who the SON JESUS SETS FREE IS FREE INDEED!!! God is LOVE and by love people know you are the children of God.  Jesus LOVE YOUR ENEMIES do good to those who hate you and do not inherit enmity and hatred from a bitter miserable people preaching evil hatred.  God’s promise to Abraham the land of Israel is a BLESSING to ALL NATIONS.Galatians_3-28.jpgIn Genesis 12:2; 18:18; 22:17–18; 26:3–4 God fulfilled promise to Abraham, first in the nation of Israel then all nations. Israel’s technological, agricultural, and medical innovations, advances help all people in the world. God’s greatest meaningful fulfillment of covenant promise is Word of God Jewish people gave all world. God faithfully protects and brought Israel’s eternal salvation through faith in Jesus the Messiah. So Father God in Lord Jesus Messiah by His great mercy Christians born agains are raised the Messiah from dead. To live in future is a great expectation of priceless inheritance in heaven, pure, undefiled, beyond death and decay. Through faith, God protects by HIS power to endure to end, receive crown of life 1 Peter 1:3–5.  God’s destiny for Abraham to become the father of MULTITUDE of NATIONS includes Gentile nations fulfilled in Jesus, a direct descendant of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob Israel in Matthew 1:2–17.  God LOVES people of all tribes, tongues, nationalities, languages in Jesus as heirs of Abraham and joint heir with Christ.

imageGod’s joint heirs are kings and priests of God in Christ Jesus. There is neither Jew nor Greek, neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; you are ALL ONE IN MESSIAH YESHUA. In MESSIAH you are Abraham’s seed heirs according to promise in Galatians 3:2729. Today know Jesus better by READING BIBLE to STUDY LIKE BEREANS not just do what so called fake control freak cult pastors order you to do to manipulate your life. Messiah Jesus is coming to decide your reward based on if you are HIS SHEEP. Not what the fake prophet misquoted in Bible designed to lie to you because you lack knowledge. God says  MY PEOPLE are destroyed for lack of knowledge of Bible. God says Study to show yourself APPROVED TO GOD not show off Bible verses you memorized. But APPLY the Bible to each need you have, read the specific TEXT daily to meet your need.Galatians+3_26-28.jpgEach one faces God alone on judgement day so remember God will not ask about what the pastor told you. God demands account of your PERSONAL LIFE not the total social media number of followers, bank accounts, mansions, private jets, size of your family, your status, class, colour or race. Each person must share Gospel to DIRECT PEOPLE TO GOD IN CHRIST. The Church you attend or the denomination  is IRRELEVANT TO GOD. Letter to seven Churches in Bible warns Churches. Israel and Jewish people are ONE IN CHRIST JESUS to fulfill all God’s feasts, prophecies covenant promises.  Isaiah 27:6 says, God will cause them that come of Jacob to take root Israel shall blossom and bud to fill the face of the world with fruit. The people of Israel return from parts of the world  their ancestors dispersed take root. The land is blessed and people blessed in the world. Israel’s desert desolate is a major exporter of food to the world. The crops are major export by companies in Israel Isaiah predicted. Isaiah predicted in the Word of God over 2,600 years ago fruit of the land blessing Earth with physical food exported and fruits of God’s Word confirms by Holy Spirit in Christ Jesus. Matthew+1-22+To+Fulfill+What+Was+Spokne+By+The+Lord+Through+Prophets+red.jpg Zechariah says all nations on earth will come yearly to Israel to celebrate Feast of Tabernacles to worship LORD of Hosts. Zechariah 14:16. Isaiah points to road connecting Egypt to Assyria and through this area access road is being built called King’s Highway. Building a super highways links them with all the surrounding nations. These prophesies of Isaiah and Zechariah prepares way in advance in time for Messiah’s rule from His Throne in Israel. Jesus Rules whole Earth and all people will know God in the millennial kingdom in Israel after rapture and His second coming on earth after Armageddon. The land is prepared today to fulfil prophecy of Messiah Jesus as KING of Kings and Lord of lords. And above all countless multitudes of people of all nations, tribes, languages, colours, BELONGS TOGETHER IN HEAVEN AND LATER DWELL ON EARTH WITH GOD. God is not a respecter of persons to put any person above others by class, race, colour, wealth or status. Death is their leveller making all equal before God. No man is bigger or stronger than Jehovah God no matter how powerful they may feel in own eyes to inflate their ego.

A VIRGINITY CLOTH IN BIBLE

f5dc2606acdd56b91ff20ab382d4b558.jpgIn Deuteronomy 22:13-21 in Bible father presents evidence his daughter is virgin on her wedding night. This evidence is proved by “virginity cloth” shown to all elders and is kept by bride’s family. God instructed all families to do so to protect their daughters. The Bible says if after a man marries a virgin but in future tries to berate her virginity cloth is brought to REMIND him their virgin daughter was deflowered by him. The public sees cloth on wedding night as witnesses to testify if the husband tries to insult her family their daughter was not pure. In oral tradition societies the elders see it as proof so virginity cloth token testifies against the husband trying to put away his wife on the grounds she was not a virgin. They also fine that husband for blackmailing his wife and his in laws. In such communities if the man gets rid of  his wife with/out children they are seen as “second hand damaged” goods. Most men want only virgins to marry though they sow their wild oats creating double standards. These are men allowed to run wild but their women must be virgins. It is such double standards that makes those men want young children as wives considered pure and so young, not slept around. In communities where marriage was often the only way out for women to become productive members of society a father watches daughters 24/7 chaperoned by family to maintain the dignity of family not to disgrace the family honour. bible-ancient-jewish-marriage-chuppah-proof-of-virginity-cloth-canopy-bed-modern-jewish-wedding-ceremony.jpgTraditional societies DO NOT DATE they marry. Liberal societies promote right to sex from 16 years onwards by a mutual consent without MARRIAGE strange to traditional communities. Sex education in schools or social media culture online of people in different places have their opposing views. Liberals feel traditional societies deprive people of the freedom of choice to enjoy sex without strings. To traditional societies liberals seem as promiscuous so treating people as their objects of sexual gratification disposed of for another. So fathers watching their daughters seem cruel kill joy depriving daughter from exploring the varities of men to chose the right one as husband. Without understanding of this Biblical origin of virginity cloth token its easy to condemn or judge those exercising their Godly duty of care required to protect virgin daughters. Liberal secular society views it invasion of privacy of women but don’t realise it is a sound Biblical doctrine of God to protect all societies. Women not wanted after husbands take a younger trophy wives are abandoned. Children from families suffer neglect as consequence but society promotes free sex but does not support children born out of wedlock. Inadequately provided for and treated as second class citizens. Liberal promote indulgence free sex but not same zeal dedicated to taking care of the children treated as commodities.downloadfile-26.jpgA woman violated is forgiven by God so to be married to perpetrator because in such cultures nobody wants to marry her if her past is known. It was to teach men they could not get away from their trespassing to get married to another virgin. This was the case of Dina Jacob’s daughter when they tried to marry her but the family felt disrespected. Sought revenge instead in Genesis for rape and killed the men, destroyed whole village. Her violation by Shechem, Canaanite or Hivite prince is subsequent vengeance of her brothers Simeon and Levi. Rape of Dinah in Genesis 34:1-34 echoes the revenge killing by Absalom for rape of his sister Tamar by King David’s son her half brother Ammon. Tamar, tricked to bring food to eat was not married by him. Tamar raped in 2 Samuel 13:1-22 in Bible is daughter of King David. And Absalom killed Ammon in 2 Samuel 13-23-38 for rape by half-brother Amnon two years later. Absalom at Baal Hazor near border of Ephraim invited all the king’s sons to come there with Ammon killed at the party. Absalom Hebrew: אַבְשָלוֹם, Avshalom, “father of peace,” in Bible, was third son of David, King of Israel with Maacah, daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur. 2 Samuel 14:25 says he is most handsome man in the kingdom. Societies that practice the virginity cloth Biblical tradition exist today so keep the cloth just in case its needed as proof. ca676458e30c312f3641b8f343900764.jpgIn Deuteronomy 22:17 it’s evidence used to challenge a husband discrediting her family. When he goes around saying she is not a virgin so wants to divorce her a family brings the tokens of a daughter’s virginity. And spreads the cloth before elders of the city. The words in verses 14, 17 and 18 bətûlîm “is an evidence of virginity” is from bətûlâ, “virgin” in 19 describing woman as evidenced. These custom retains their blood-stained sheet cloth from bed marriage consummated. The blood dam betulim “proves” bride’s virginity breaking hymen. When the groom accuses his bride of not being a virgin at time of marriage responsibility for defending her is her parent’s giving her in marriage. If family claims she is a virgin then blood-stained sheet bətûlîm  is their evidence of defense. Traditional societies, where girls do not do rigorous activities of riding a bicycle or sports of horseriding expects girls to be virgins so practice virginity cloth token. Some men demand that only the virgin wives good for kings or specific religious leaders. Since everybody is born a virgin its practiced by betrothed children so both families work together until both old enough to marry later as adults. Liberals find practice revolting as abuse of human rights but works for the societies that maintain tradition to marry not to date. Liberal or traditional stance against challenges of marriages works for each society’s own context.downloadfile-52.jpgGlobalised enforced liberal secular view contradict God’s laws practiced in some traditional regions of the world. Despite their freedom of choice to have free sex as one pleases, whenever one wants, by any person chosen, its not Biblical. And there’s in NO SET AGE BY GOD IN BIBLE to indulge in free sex without marriage. God is the author and the originator of marriage although the world had own views, opinions and its ways. It is very important to educate people God treats human body as HIS Holy Holy Temple for HIS Spirit to dwell in. God demands keeping HIS laws though secular people do not feel bound by Godly laws. But a day will come God will demand sccojbt whether one is religious or secular God the creator of all human beings is going to huff all people one day. Alhough the human laws enable people to indulge freely in sex to break hymen of virgins as they please,  girls are God’s property so God will judge abuse of children for fun and freshly gratification. Virgins are mocked or treated as weirdos for being righteous but that is how God created all people. Bible says there will come a time people will ridicule others calling evil ‘good’ and calling good ‘evil.’  The young people must be taught to know and understand God’s laws not just one sided laws enabling perverts to take the advantage of such naive children in the Name of love. Some take delight hurting children to rape them as a sign of power but this is not Biblical from God’s point view. Sin is like a credit card, enjoy now pay later. God sees secret things and HE is Judge to account to in future one day.downloadfile-55.jpg

Leviticus 21:13: ‘He shall take a wife in her virginity.

Deuteronomy 22:15: The girl’s father and mother must bring proof of a girl’s virginity to elders of the city at the gate.

1 Corinthians 7:37: He who stands firm in his heart has authority over his own will to decide in his heart to keep his  own virgin daughter virgin, does well.
Exodus 22:16:If a man seduces a virgin not engaged and has sex with her he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife.
Deuteronomy 22:23:If a girl is a virgin not engaged to a man and another man in city lies with her, he must marry her.
Revelation 14:4: These virgins undefiled by women kept themselves chaste and follow the Lamb where He goes. Are the redeemed first fruits to God and Lamb.
1 Corinthians 7:38 He who gives his own virgin daughter in marriage does well, he who does not give her in marriage does better to keep give her to God.
Deuteronomy 22:29: The man who lays with her must give the girl’s father fifty shekels of silver and she becomes his wife because he violated her; he cannot divorce her all his days.
1 Corinthians 7:28, If you marry, you do not sin and if a virgin marries, she has not sinned. But have such trouble in this life and I am trying to spare you.
1 Corinthians 7:25: Virgin is a command of the LORD, but opinion is by one who by the mercy of the Lord is trustworthy.
Deuteronomy 22:13:If any man takes a virgin wife and goes in to her and then turns against her, the family must bring her virginity cloth token as proof.
Deuteronomy 22:28:If he finds girl who is a virgin not engaged, seizes her and lies with her he must marry her for life.downloadfile-46.jpgDeuteronomy 22:21:The girl in doorway of her father’s house the men of her city shall stone her to death because she has committed act of folly in Israel playing harlot in her father’s house; Purge the evil from among you. (Pressure on girls to RESIST rape not to expose themselves to opportunistic vultures waiting to take advantage of them. Fathers feel need to protect her from bad company because her presence misinterpreted as consent)
Deuteronomy 22:17: If he accuses her of with shameful deeds, saying, “I did not find your daughter a virgin.” Use this evidence of your daughter’s virginity to spread garment before elders of the city.

1 Corinthians 7:36: If a man acts toward his virgin FIANCEE PAST HER YOUTH as an adult let them marry. For deliberate delays of parent’s demands of dowry to cause to fall into sin of fornication by a father or guardian fiance can do what he wants but not sinned. If he thinks he is being sabotaged delayed to suffer MARRY her neither breaks law of God. Parents to support couples not frustrate them by lavish unnecessary competition to show off wealth. The word of God on advice of the apostle is its much better to marry than burn to be exposed to any snare and temptations to break up. This is not a licensed excuse to fornicate.deut22.jpgJeremiah 31:21: Set up guideposts direct your mind to highway you went. Return O virgin of Israel, Return to your cities.

Leviticus 21:14: A widow or a divorced woman profaned by harlotry he must not take but marry virgin of his people.
Matthew 1:23: A VIRGIN CONCEIVE A CHILD TO BEAR A SON AND CALL HIS NAME IMMANUEL GOD WITH US.”
Judges 11:37: She said to her father, “Let this be done to me after two months in mountain to weep for my virginity I and my companions.”
Jeremiah 31:4: I will build you and you will be rebuilt, O virgin of Israel! Again you will take up your tambourines, And go forth to dances of the merrymakers.
Isaiah 7:14:The LORD HIMSELF will give you a sign: Behold, a virgin will be with child and bear a son called Emmanuel.
Luke 2:36: Prophetess Anna daughter of Phanuel of tribe of Asher advanced in years and had lived with her husband seven years after marriage saw Jesus.
Leviticus 21:3: The virgin sister without a husband must not be defiled. God told Moses:“Tell priests, sons of Aaron not ritually contaminate himself by raping virgins in the Temple. It was the reason Hophni and Phinehas sons of Eli, High priest were killed in battle defeated by Philistines for practicing idol Temple prostitution with disregard for God’s portion of sacrifices from worshippers.13327785574_ab0ec56cc4_z.jpgc48f918cbc9d109bdc98e1bb46b46339.jpg
Judges 11:38 He said, “Go.” So sent her away for two months; and she left with her companions and wept on mountain because of her virginity and loss of life.
Isaiah 62:5: As a young man marries a virgin your sons will marry you; As the bridegroom rejoices over bride, So God will rejoice over you.
Amos 5:2: She has fallen, will not rise as virgin Israel lies neglected on her land; There is none to raise her up until later.
Deuteronomy 22:20: If the charge is true the girl was not virgin as claimed by her divorce her.
Proverbs 30:19: The way of eagle in sky, a serpent on a rock or ship in middle of the sea so is way of man with a virgin.
Psalm 45:14: Like virgin wife to King in embroidered garments her companions following her your wife brought to you.
Judges 19:24: Take my virgin daughter and his concubine. Let me bring them to you to do what you wish. Do not commit act of folly against this holy man of God.
1 Kings 1:1: King David, old advanced in age covered him with clothes but virgin  brought to keep him warm.
Ezekiel 23:3: Played harlot in Egypt and played harlot in their youth so breasts pressed and virgin bosom was handled.
Matthew 1:18: Birth of Jesus Christ by mother Mary betrothed to Joseph before found with child by the Holy Spirit.

2 Samuel 13:18: She wore a long-sleeved garment as a virgin daughter of a king dressed in robes. His attendant took her out and locked the door behind her. So Tamar raped is rejected by Ammon and this infuriates Absalom to kill Ammon.5493.jpg

SITUATIONS+AND+REGULATIONS.jpgJeremiah 46:11: Go to Gilead for balm, O virgin daughter of Egypt, you multiplied remedies but your healing is from God.
2 Corinthians 11:2: I am jealous for you with Godly jealousy; for I betrothed you to one husband, Christ as a pure virgin.(Those  feeling defiled YOU ARE A PURE VIRGIN TO GOD JESUS BLOOD CLEANS.
Jeremiah 18:13: The LORD, ‘Asks among the nations, Who ever heard? The virgin of Israel did appalling thing of idolatory.
Isaiah 37:22 The word the LORD spoke against him: “She despised and mocked virgin daughter of Zion shaken her head behind you, daughter of Jerusalem.
Job 31:1: I made covenant with my eyes not to gaze and lust after virgins.
1 Corinthians 7:34: Married’s interest is divided but unmarried virgin concerns her life with things of the LORD. Is holy in body and spirit married is concerned about things of the world to please her husband.

 

RUBBER BLACK SLAVE TRADE

e39da07af9712527db4552aa56d78160--king-leopold-african-history.jpgPeople of Congo oppressed by Leopold II in nineteenth century terrorised blacks in rubber plantations of Congo. A brutal violence was used to cut off the hands of slow workers. Leopold ruled Congo with brutality of Congo land to establish white supremacy over populated black people. Leopold unleashed brutal, cruel exploitation like death camps of Hitler to abuse people. Leopold’s “civilizing” of people was enforced “hard work” on the rubber plantations. How does cutting of their hands ensure hard work? Natives served by hard work but to strengthen their character, their hands are cut off? Leopold’s monstrous colonial enterprise said Adam Hochschild in his book King Leopold’s Ghost notes: “Leopold claims his state provided wise government and public services in Congo. There were no schools or hospitals except a few sheds “not fit to be occupied by horse.” Used a dreaded chicotte whip routinely whips black Africans and cuts off their hands.  And black victims lies on the floor on his stomach with feet and hands bound, whipped on the bare bottom of victims the severe blows left permanent scars on the flesh. Twenty -five strokes meant unconsciousness for victim, hundred or more strokes caused people’s death.congo-belge.jpgdc591453d4ce48fdf191eabbaf543fa7.jpg20191025_140027.jpgd93b45fd-8820-4ce8-9aa3-8e7b3cb47b93.jpg
Missionary E J Glave wrote in his diary, ‘we persuade ourselves African’s skin is very tough but at first blow victim yells horribly quietens down into groaning. After 25 or 30 blows a victim loses his senses. Punishment far worse inflicted on women and children. Small boys of 10 or 12 working for the hot tempered masters most harshly treated. Stanislas Lefranc, a Belgian prosecutor in Congo, sickened at brutal whipping of thirty people whose crime was to laugh in presence of a white man. The terrible carnage of people of Congo increased by rubber boom. In 1887 more demand for rubber grew as used for inflatable cycle tubes for bicycles. Motorcars became so popular tyres for motorcars use rubber. In 1891, Leopold issued decree creating monopoly of trade in rubber, ivory to himself. Joint ventures between Belgian, British, Dutch firms says Stuart Nolan in Belgium’s Imperialist rape of Africa, ‘the astronomical profits built Leopold’s rich empire. Earned the 700 percent profits of his Anglo-Belgian India Rubber and Exploration Company (ABIR).’ A private army Force Publique used to brutally extract from the native labour rubber without any payment of money. Adam Hochschild said terror tactics use by an officer Fievez against those who did not collect rubber to meet the quota: “I made war against them. One example enough was hundred heads cut off and then plenty of supplies ever since. My goal is ultimately humanitarian. I killed hundred people… allowed five hundred others to live.” Another Belgian Captain Rom used heads of 21 natives murdered on his flowerbed to punish them. Those who failed to supply required rubber quota to Belgian masters had villages burnt down, children murdered, hands cut off as punishment. Some historians said Belgian way of promoting progress in Congo was evil and dehumanising.wp-1571940892317.jpg.jpgdownloadfile-32.jpgrubber-tapping.jpg6891de805df7499ec9217b38ed8d140d.jpgdownloadfile-31.jpgNatural-Rubber-Factory-Manufacturer.jpgIMG-20191024-WA0002.jpg

And death toll of slavery by Leopold in Congo is more than 10 million people as Congolese historian Professor Ndaywele Nziem states death toll is a staggering 13 million. Belgian King Leopold’s brutal exploitation in Congo was enormous he spent $6 million to upgrade his Royal Palace at Laeken. Used millions to build the monuments of Chateau d’Ardennes, Brussels’ Arcades du Cinquantenaire, Ostend’s seaside arcade and golf course. He funded universities, museums, more millions in secret purchases of more of hid properties through his doctor and his architects. Leopold used Congo to launder money for investment, billions of dollars in Asia, Latin America or Near East. His Congo-based companies built constructions in China, fishing rights off Morocco, mines in Greece, Philippines and rubber concessions in Bolivia. This Scramble for Africa, Congo by Leopold II led to more developments. The public outcry human rights movement against Belgian King Leopold forced parliament to assume control of Congo in 1906. The change didn’t improve life of Congolese, they suffered forced labour and heavy taxation. Congolese were used as cheap labour in Belgian mines or agricultural firms. Exploitation was so huge by 1950 profits Congo produced twice domestic average income in Belgium itself.

In 1960 Congo was independent from Belgium as Patrice Lumumba became first prime minister of Congo. ‘On the first day of independence, the Belgian King, Baudouin,’ writes Osei Boateng ‘made an ill-judged patronizing speech praising genius and courage of Leopold II whose reign of terror caused death of over 10 million Congolese.’ Confessions of CIA Agent…How the imperial powers control Africa by remote control in New African-April 2007. The speech incensed Lumumba who went to the podium and trashed the Belgians’ colonial record. He spoke of need ‘to bring an end to slavery imposed by force.’ Lumumba saw their degredation by Belgian colonial rule as Congo state had less than 20 university graduates with no cadres of doctors, lawyers or engineers. Brussels planned to allow Congolese political freedom but retained control of military, economic and commercial power. Guiding Congo to safe was an uphill task for Lumumba.wp-1571937570089.jpg43234-cp.jpg001.jpgACTEZ8U.jpg4381E60F00000578-4818958-image-a-38_1503568339599.jpgwp-1571937534066.jpg1-s2.0-S2212609015300121-gr1.jpgSmarting under rebuff by Lumumba the Belgian government caused trouble for independent Congo. On 11 July 1960, the province of Katanga of Congo’s copper, cobalt, uranium, gold, mineral wealth to secede. Belgium the principal owner of wealth perceived in Brussels resources of Katanga tied Belgian interests to the secession. A painful lesson of history is historians glorify conquerors is deeply ironic and sad because African history written from point of Colonial masters. Colonizers wrote textbooks and books but ban different perspective. The press was censored. The written record of the devouring of Africa by colonialism was excised from memory. Memories of the rubber era cruel exploitations is never written into official Western history. So, Mark Curtis in Web of Deceit, explained backgrounds to conflict struggle a tribal war. Television portrays Africa by very little understanding of events developed world, major international institutions created. Much reporting promotes view as faults of Africans. The Western press reinforced the stereotype of Africans as post-colonial failures of tribalism wars.

Congoleselaves-rubber-plantation-Ultimate-History-Project.jpgCongo_Malnourished.jpgDisguise as civilizing mission system of forced black labour by usurper imperial domination during scramble for Africa. In 1876, famous explorers at European society, Leopold II delivered the keynote address couched in high moral purpose said, ‘To open civilization to parts of our globe not yet penetrated, to pierce the darkness hanging over entire people is crusade worthy of century of progress. The objective of International African Association was to abolish “Arab slave trade to establish peace among chiefs to procure impartial arbitration.” Leopold II’s overseas territorial expansion states, ‘No country is complete without owning overseas possessions.’ Grabs territories in Africa between 1880 and 1884, writes J. Stengers, King Leopold’s imperialism, ‘sent expeditions, led by Stanley, which established a fairly loose occupation of territory in Congo by means of outposts. At Berlin Conference 1884-85, Leopold laid claim to huge tract of Congo region 80 times the size of Belgium he declared a Congo Free State in 1885 with himself as sole owner. The Scramble for Africa, Congo under Leopold II developments had to obtain the consent of Bismarck of Germany. Conditions of Germany was European nation occupied African coast or declare ‘protectorate’ to notify action, signatory powers forced blacks to serve colonial masters.

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International institutions relationship’s reporting promotes view of the innate faults of Africans.’ Western press with few exceptions reinforced stereotype of Africans post-colonial failures destiny to tribalism. Niall Ferguson, empire writer ideology: Africans can’t rule themselves Writing history from the standpoint of Whites as “helping” is dark history of its colonial past need to understand link to policies of Western countries conflicts bred in Africa. Leopold’s Congo claim alarms Bismarck but given to “civilise” blacks in Conyo negotiated to obtain the concessions from Bismarck. So Leopold got French in January 1885, permission to extend control over Congo. Northern, eastern boundary owned by Germany, Leopold driven by greed for territorial expansion control to the south between Congo and Zambezi. In 1884 obtained recognition for Congo by United States. Frontier free State of Congo territory,’ Stengers, said ‘disproportionate to the resources at disposal. Slender finances did not allow establishment of more than a rudimentary government.’ The resources occuping a large territory in Congo did not curb greedy ambitions of Leopold to expand territories outside Congo Free state 1885 capital establish port town of Boma. Transport systems established to exploit and plunder rich natural resources of Congo. A system of transportation connected Atlantic coast to Stanley Pool Leopoldville, Kinshasa. Africans brutally used as human mules relay heavy load supplies maxim guns another 250 miles. From there, steamers cruise Congo River 900 miles to Stanley Falls in Kisangani. The river, renamed Lualaba, navigable another 500 miles deep into rainforests of southern Congo. Leopold financed building of river fleet of steamers. And thousands of Africans died as porters forced to serve colonial masters. Views of West is the innate faults of Africans  by Western press reinforced stereotype of Africans post-colonial failures destiny to tribalism. Niall Ferguson on empire ideology says Africans cannot rule themselves, history from standpoint of Whites, “helping” the dark history of the black colonial past must understand link to policies of Western countries breeds conflicts in Africa. And still deprives billions of own resources.

COFFEE’S HISTORY & ORIGINS

20191014_110716.jpg15710468834321102168724083807666.jpg15710437345183676338762388191799.jpgCoffee global originated from Ethiopia as earliest evidence of coffee drinking and knowledge of the coffee tree spread from early 15th century. Africans grow coffee harvested, grounded and drank by families as tropical crops. Coffee spread as commodity for trade from Ethiopia Horn of Africa to Yemen Arabia Felix monks monasteries spreading into Mecca and Cairo. Goats were seen hyper stimulated inspired coffee concoction born long ago in the mountains of Ethiopia. Legend says that Kaldi saw his excited herd dancing after eating coffee cherry berry, 16th century reached rest of Middle East, South India (Karnataka), Persia, Turkey to rest of Horn of Africa and northern Africa. Coffee spread to Balkans, Italy, the rest of Europe, Southeast Asia and Americas despite ban imposed in the 15th century by religious leaders in Mecca and Cairo, and later by the Catholic Church.15710460124356859565088160134012.jpg15710436855935512932863149678515.jpg15710447815743466109153844499277.jpgCoffee spread from Ethiopian ancestors of today’s Kaffa Province name of coffee, the first to recognize energizing effects of native coffee plant. So the tribesmen consumed as hunters on days-long treks benefitting from coffee plant’s ability to quell hunger and provide more energy. Studies of genetic diversity of Coffea arabica varieties retained the residual heterozygosity from ancestral materials, diploid species Coffea canephora and C. liberica. Oral history direct evidence has indicated Africans coffee grow among other crops natives used as stimulant so known earlier spread into seventeenth century. Original domesticated coffee plant from Harar, native population use derived from Ethiopia distinct is found populations in Sudan and Kenya.1571043405765699259889766813539.jpg15710434270053024933810851534611.jpg15710436277878114956373217936851.jpg15710435846402047751185959458711.jpg15710434925723954462411793900624.jpgCoffee is native to tropical Africa but its Brazil that is the world’s largest coffee producing country. Vietnam, Colombia are second and third biggest producers. Coffee was traded through Middle East, Asia and Europe before its taken to the Americas by European colonizers. The crop’s success there depended on slave trade. The history of coffee recognizes racism and the role of colonialism. The history of coffee has a dark side of the exploitation of Western countries taking advantage of the African countries. And multibillion multinational corporations making so much profit but don’t invest in these countries of the supply chains. 15710433560353172288782735507670.jpg15710440983255412735373397344862.jpg15710445900461747951835999486447.jpg15710441400893604583404307719482.jpg15710439366083654047546056266942.jpg15710440294184227315937896153147.jpg15710444445985513000575336350508.jpgMark Pendergrast, author of Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee And How It Transformed Our World. In late 1700s, European colonial powers recognized coffee’s profitability. Demand for coffee drinks was high in European countries and their colonies established profitable estates. European companies imported Africa slave labour on plantations in the Caribbean, Asia, and Americas in Trans Atlantic Triangular Slave Trade.1571044828283157220128130682346.jpgwp-1571137280306.jpgdownloadfile.pngwp-1571007286187.jpgIMG-20191014-WA0001.jpgwp-1571136784509.jpgMark Pendergrast, author of Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee And How It Transformed Our World. In late 1700s, European colonial powers recognized coffee’s profitability. Demand for coffee drinks was high in European countries and their colonies established profitable estates. European companies imported Africa slave labour on plantations in the Caribbean, Asia, and Americas in Trans Atlantic Triangular Slave Trade.15710478444701786177490462436469.jpg15710456532011356605169476525987.jpg15710456143886626766098078755663.jpg15710455659128566144229800899532.jpg15710448803383604231430384290796.jpg15710449771794187086487037815745.jpg15710450656392204661356868672582.jpg15710451149853942328613469727459.jpgBarbados and Jamaica were some of the earliest British colonies as slave traders provided outposts with human labour from Africa to work on sugar and coffee plantations. Goods and people moved in a triangle between West Africa, colonies in Caribbean and Americas and Europe.wp-1571143326145.jpg15710465101715420187119285288633.jpg1571046665177784825754492463044.jpg15710465806261383212562540144503.jpgwp-1571143230605.jpgwp-1571143279802.jpg15710462101437150544227229786142.jpgSan Domingo in French-occupied Haiti was supplying half of the world’s coffee in 1788 as a direct result of slave labour. Living conditions was appalling, slaves underfed, overworked and housed in the windowless huts. The African slaves were beaten, tortured or killed by their white European rulers.15710466183022452900408860596017.jpgwp-1571142356971.jpgwp-1571138218332.jpgwp-1571142304784.jpg15710467716452899072847031383823.jpg15710449165545412649823065829850.jpg15710450356353051306629389501833.jpg1571046353063816915106442229309.jpg15710432352042400621271070553203.jpgNapoleon tried to regain Haiti in early 1800s led to decline in coffee production prompted the Dutch to fill the gap with coffee produced in their own colony of Java, Indonesia. But has rigid hierarchy between the native Javanese and their colonial overlords. Laziness and apathy of Dutch landowners forced Javanese natives to harvest coffee for a pittance, whole villages died of starvation.15710462360581092218315998157921.jpg15710463381055154496466313978760.jpgwp-1571136892649.jpg15710470158994600447489546368637.jpg15710433079216012543656666705158.jpgUK drinks 95 million cups of coffee day with 500,000 tonnes of waste coffee grounds a year. Some business’s small waste coffee grounds customers to take home as garden fertiliser or homemade exfoliant. Wet coffee grounds waste into landfill in UK tax £88.95/tonne to £94.15 from 1st April 2020 levy operators cost to collection fee. Waste management companies charge for contaminated dry mixed with recycling. 15712234953994380269245425115741.jpgLandfill harmful greenhouse gases such as methane 34 times more potent than carbon dioxide over a 100 year period causing climate change. The wet coffee grounds in an anaerobic digestion plant absent of oxygen microorganisms break down biodegradable material managing waste or producting fuel but grounds sink to bottom in ‘belly’ inhibit rate of biomethane production. Waste grounds incinerated energy generation, not best usel. Bio-bean utilise wet coffee grounds waste recycled bio-products by disposal recycling service generate savings for businesses saving emission as bio-fuel.15710432727097757498507419898001.jpgCoffee declined in the West Indies but it thrived in Latin America. So first coffee bush in Brazil was planted by Francisco de Melo Palheta in Pará in 1727. Brazil became a coffee superpower under the rule of the Portuguese and continued to after independence. By the 1830s, coffee became Brazil’s largest export is around 30% of world coffee production.15710461315717905217574155760681.jpg15710452158122014500876146091126.jpgBrazilian coffee plantations used black or indigenous slave labour. Indentured labourers worked and lived in horrific conditions. Plantation owners treated their labourers as dispensable imported new slaves as they died from overwork. Did not treat existing slaves with any compassion most slaves last seven years from initial bondage.wp-1571142201640.jpg15710455063321556057087774078740.jpgBrazil made slavery illegal in 1888, but four million slaves had been brought from Africa. In Latin America, coffee industry depended on the indigenous labour. Black people not used as slaves in Central American countries anymore, Mayans and other native peoples served as semi-slaves.15710451884962273506023802601097.jpg15710452671042518442429950312232.jpgThe Mayans occupied best fertile lands for growing coffee and so increasingly became disenfranchized by colonial governments. Violently evicted by the military as the demand for coffee grew, forced to work land for the oppressors. Revolts and rebellions common during that time government brutality and the oppression was response.15710454680217849189674356110640.jpg20191015_133547.jpgThe coffee industry in Latin America explaining why the world is dominated by their coffee production. Slave labour no longer but paved the way for today’s industry. Many regions of Brazil and Colombia are now traditional coffee-growing areas with farming as main resource. Legacies of colonialism affect coffee supply chain in Latin America racial divide between farm owners and labourers.15710464500078699002128982820492.jpgMillions of blacks in Latin America Asia, and Africa live in poverty producing the affordable coffee for Western markets. African coffee is the best in the world as Tropical Africa origin of coffee. But that continent not treated on same level of Latin America. Colonialism by former European colonies in Africa left without infrastructure or stable political system. Structural racism economic oppression exists in supply chain. Inequality in the coffee production, baristas, economics. Education, politics of coffee-producing regions of the community in producing countries must contribute to improving sustainability, working conditions, and quality of life for people globally.tree-goat-morocco.jpg15712272641128742041996406789531.jpgObviousTimelyAlligatorsnappingturtle-size_restricted.gifThe Argan coffee like Ethiopian Coffee, Nepal coffee grown on Himalayan climate is ideal for coffee growing. The aroma of brewed coffee fragrance, coffee’s global recognition beans, grown in Nuwakot, a scored 90 points on a scale of 50 to 100 in Coffee Review, California-based trade magazine. In first-ever blind assessment Nepali coffee in Lekali is “savoury sweet in structure with gentle acidity; crisp, satiny mouthfeel.” Concluded the coffee is worth seeking its confident savoury-sweet cup. In 2016, coffee produced by Greenland Organic Farm scored an 89 Specialty Coffee Association of America, California trade group Nepali coffee producers elevate quality of country’s beans to international standards.Workers sort cherries for processing at Lekali Coffee Estate’s farm in Nuwakot in central Nepal. Nepali coffee’s in 2014, Banjara became Nepal’s first Q-grader trained in Xining in China. The West are calling coffee aficionados value beans’ from exotic origin to local cafe. Coffee companies create market for vacuum packed cans of coffee grounds and jars of instant coffee kitchens in the world,  Nepal’s high-end market export coffee. Some claim goat eaten berry coffee also exist like Luwak kopi coffees. Coffee farm in Mauja district of Kaski, view to the Annapurna mountain range Nepal’s first national coffee cupping as Q-graders identify characteristics and flavour, quality of coffee beans. Eight of the world’s 10 highest peaks like Mount Everest Nepal ideal climate high-quality beans. Nepal’s Arabica variety Bourbon and Typica coffee grow on rolling, misty mountain slopes at altitudes from 800 meters to 1,600 meters. First introduced to the country by a monk in the middle of 20th century the crop supports 32,000 farmers in 40 of country’s 77 districts. It exports coffee but Coffee Review rating recognition gives them a much-needed boost in the international market.15712209071994545813192981911343.jpgThe world’s most expensive is Coffee alamid highly sought-after brew among coffee aficionados is “caviar” of coffee. Odour-free coffee alamid aroma, syrup texture, chocolate hint, coffee alamid’s clean aftertaste and flavour is processed by acid from stomach of animals eating coffee cherry berries. The coffee seeds remain intact undigested excreted as a faecal material collected, washed and is grounded as premier luxury coffee sells U$500 -U$1000 per pound. Kopi luwak one of most expensive coffees in world. Vietnamese weasel coffee collecting coffee beans eaten by wild civets in India. Luwak coffee kopi luwak of Java Indonesia is second best.  But traders of this type of coffee exploit animals by caging, feeding them solely on coffee beans instead on an enriched variety of diets in wild more suitable to thrive. The tourists travel to see caged animals in action oblivious to animal rights issues involved in most expensive coffee processs. A cup of coffee cost $80 per cup in the tourist epic centres.

Mark Pendergrast: Uncommon Grounds, History of Coffee & How It Transformed Our World.

Sprudge.com, The Question of Racism

BLACK EYE PEAS & COWPEAS

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GROUNDNUT & PEANUT/OILS

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PALM OIL’S WORLD HISTORY

15706519201323376503804768971247.jpgThe palm kernel is the edible seed of the oil palm fruit. The fruit yields two distinct oils: palm oil derived from the outer parts of the fruit, and palm kernel oil derived from kernel. Four types of products from palm fruits are palm oil palm kennel oil, palm kernel husk or fibre, palm kernel sludge and palm kernel shell crushed used as a biofuel from palm kernel nuts. The production of fats and oils from vegetable sources is the process of extraction of vegetable oils, pulp oils produced close to location of oil fruit tree. Pre-treatment of a palm fruit is cooked and the fruit is separated from bunch stalk. The oil is extracted by pressing, stirring by hand centrifuged.15706522931853525998838418182285.jpg The extracted pressed oils can be used for cooking and dried and pulp used as combustible material. Red Palm Oil in a semi solid state at room temperature is turned liquid at a warm temperature of the body and reduces build up of artery clogging plaques. Substituting other fats and oils for Red Palm Oil reduces bad cholesterol. Only 2 tablespoons full of a Red Palm Oil a day needed to benefit from healthy positive effects. Too much greasy oil food causes bad cholesterol15706518941072910073924305563785.jpg15706523259017526720814455555611.jpgRed edible palm oil is a very nutritious cooking oil is used by West Africans for years. It is known for the high contents of Vitamin E with more distinctive anti-oxidant benefits for our health. Palm oil is the flag ship product for export since 1950’s for the West Africans in diaspora as niche product. The benefits of edible palm oil provides the energy needed for production of palm kernel oil process yields used edible fats, soaps candles.15706540375737277640299754569592.jpgPalm oil is used for cooking oil, soaps, candles, margarines, candy. A healthy conscious people concerned about an atherosclerosis stay away from foods rich in saturated fats. Palm is used in confectionery, pharmaceutical, perfume industries. The pulp left after oil from the kernel is formed into “palm kernel cake” fibre used as high-protein feed for dairy cattle or burned in their boilers to generate electricity for palm oil mills or surrounding villages. Palm oil is mixed with clay straw built castles in places.15706566006917909993720545286503.jpgPalm oil vegetable oil is grouped into a category broadly as follows.  Seed oils from palm oil germ fibre are used after extracting palm oil and palm kernel oils. Palm fruit oil and palm kennel oil both as the world’s most produced oil. Palm oil is forecast is world’s most produced and internationally traded edible oil.
Apart from being use as cooking oil, Palm Oil also found in an astonishing range of processed foods and cosmetics.15706535105222023988644772620506.jpgSupermarket products contains palm oil as part . Engineers targeting for the use of agro fuels in Europe, China or North America are making palm oil a hotter commodity. Palm Oil is used to produce biodiesel. Manual processing of palm oil for centuries takes place globally. Whole villages are known for palm plantation and palm oil production globally. Their community has abundant palm trees so palm products plays prominent roles. 15706534817468219236276730459932.jpg15706530089714150645542904436474.jpgThe palm fruit is sold in market used in  the traditional method palm oil is done by hand involving many people. It is a long process from harvest of palm fruit to finished products. Millions of people use traditional processing to make palm oil. Authentic original palm processing boils, pounds fruits separated from the kennel seeds and the fibre. The husk is compressed and used as fire enhancer or straws to build castles by the Whites.15706531091386308259624896540580.jpg15706531760656801411446369805901.jpg15706530414433115345172981072350.jpg15706531995623200291729606335389.jpgThe villagers work in teams together to ensure palm oil is processed on time to keep its excellent quality in a fresh good condition. Machines are introduced to combine with these manual processing of many small scale industries. A latest developed palm fruit processing gadget technology modified mechanical palm oil or kernel extraction process today. It involves separation of the digested fruit mash to palm oil and palm nut. Pressed separated pulp from palm oil extraction is used as mosquito repellent in villages smoke filled room.15706520386074640352914106555652.jpg1570652107303863022797526537226.jpg15706530796525622755470493684892.jpgIMG_20191009_33609157065240247048307681822970888.jpg15707214469164325242281493055369.jpg15706524548056509202359592381041.jpg15706536775917976862947626024117.jpg15706529199191633090186054712202.jpgIMG-20191009-WA0005.jpg15706541448975660841913415108193.jpg1570652805915565624425964344295.jpg15706527581207076161408861407956.jpg15706526981953949071761727145106.jpg15706527299768024498615894087837.jpg15706533668134575461850538961457.jpg15706534482774496658163521283835.jpg15706536318227273062163711658922.jpg15706532975257879326069220296981.jpg15707217991351440742699380060086.jpg15706529686738958575593995054697.jpg15706534197847985349839654719709.jpg15706526480467103743540190144892.jpgDried palm kennel nuts cracked open is processed into palm kennel oil. Kennel shell is used for firewood or charcoal by blacksmiths and for cooking in a hearth fireplace. Often some Palm trees grow for many years until it is so tall climbed by expert tree climbers for harvest. The palm fruit is also processed cold press or raw palm fruits used. Palm oil from a raw palm fruit is not as tasty as a boiled palmfruit. Adds special seasoning spices or herbs to enhance the aroma flavour of cooked palm oil. Then cooked dregs are filtered and eaten as a palm oil dip with yams, cassava cocoa, plantain. And the highly nutritious oil full of vitamins. The purified oil is sold to many people globally. Raw palm oil enhanced to taste by frying onions, spices to make stews. 15706538512988308734538781915767.jpg1570653819111760165957753334812.jpg15706546687118507060490957611929.jpg15707216018576220598925542783709.jpgPalm oil is used in many recipes and is popular globally. The kernel cake is also used in ovens to cook food. Palm kernel cake is produced by economical screw press, less than more expensive solvent extraction. It is processed by small scale industries or the home made equipment from scrap metal pressed, using stones to weight it down. The compact fibre is used under plants to protect from heat, drought to moisten soil. Oil palm is big business. Palm kernel cake high-fibre is medium grade protein feed by product of palm oil ruminants. Fodders of palm kernel cake is ranked little higher than cake and husk. Composed of 16% fiber, palm kernel cake has high phosphorus to calcium ratio and contains essential elements as magnesium, iron or zinc.  The typical ration formulated for the feeding of dairy cattle consists of palm kernel cake (50%), molasses (5%), grass hay (42%), limestone (1.5%), mineral premix (1%), and salt (0.5%), with trace element/vitamin premix.20191009_215250.jpgOil palm fibre is equivalent to coconut fiber at competitive price. Oil palm fiber non-hazardous biodegradable material extracted from oil palm’s empty fruit bunch (EFB) through uses decortation process. The fibers are clean and non-carcinogenic, free from pesticides and soft parenchyma cells. Palm fibres are versatile, stable processed into various dimensional grades to suit the specific applications such as mattress cushion production, erosion control and for soil stabilization / compaction, landscaping, horticulture, ceramic used in the brick manufacturing, thermoplastic filler, flat board manufacturing, paper production acoustics control, livestock care, and is a compost or fertilizer, animal feed, etc. IMG-20191009-WA0006.jpgSumptuous palm fruit soup recipes are major meals eaten with fufu, banku or gari, Kenkey. By product of Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) are used for Wood plastic Medium Density Fibre board (MDF), for Erosion control, landscaping. Leading producers of palm oil in world oil palm fiber abundantly resources. Oil palm fiber used in different areas common usage is in asphalt mixes. The Oil Palm Fiber is extracted from the palm oil vascular bundles in empty fruit bunch (EFB). In the manufacturing process of Palm Fiber, EFB shredded, separated, refined and dried. The manufacturing process does not involve any chemical reaction or exposure so material clean so non-toxic. Economic environmental benefits tapped from oil palm industry waste for Energy and Green Technology. Right innovative technology potential in generating electricity with the economic and environmental benefits from biogas and biomass. Palm Oil Mills earn money converting biomass EFB to higher-value renewable fuels chemicals, reducing greenhouse gas emissions.1570653699384258625274659884593.jpgPalm fruit bunches (FFB) are processed raw uncooked as soon as possible after cutting down from the trees to prevent rapid rise in free fatty acids (FFA) affect quality of crude palm oil (CPO). Palm oil mills located in the plantations facilitate timely transportation effective processing of FFB. Palm oil mills located in palm oil milling process of physical extraction of palm products crude palm oil, palm kernel from FFB. The process begins with sterilization of the FFB. The fruit bunches steamed in pressurized vessels and fatty acids prepared fruits for sub-processing. Bunches stripped of fruit in rotating drum thresher stripped bunches or empty fruit bunches (EFB) transported to plantation for mulching so fruits conveyed to press digesters.15706539370591606996776675537061.jpgPalm fruits heated using live steam and is stirred to loosen oil-bearing mesocarp from the nuts to break open the oil cells in the mesocarp. The mash is pressed to extract oil by means of screw presses so the pressed cake is conveyed to kernel plant and kernels are recovered. The oil from the press is diluted and pumped to vertical clarifier tanks. The clarified oil is fed to the purifiers to remove dirt and moisture dried in the vacuum drier. The clean dry oil is ready for storage and is despatched. The sludge from clarifier sediment is fed into a bowl centrifuged for further oil recovery. The recovered oil is recycled to clarifiers so the water / sludge Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) is treated in effluent treatment plant (ETP) further. The press cake is conveyed to depericarper where the fiber and nuts are separated. Fiber is burned as fuel in boiler to generate steam as nuts cracked shell and kernel separated by winnower and hydro-cyclone. Then clean kernels are dried prior to storage for oil later.15706522666875080660915981808681.jpgPalm oil production in metric tons of oil by industries and small-scale processors contribute to 60% crude of the palm oil production. Most countries are not self-sufficient in fats and oils for industrial consumption. The palm oil produced by small-scale processors are utilized by the larger scale industries explored and causes identified the way to address the situation assessed. And the practices of small-scale oil palm fruit processors has shown storage of palm fruits for a long period before boiling. Then disposed of effluent into drains using spent tyres for boiling fruits clarification of oil. 54% of processors store palm fruits weeks by processing, fermentation, to increase extractability and reduce labour costs. Storage period of quality affect quantity of seasonal oil content of oil palm fruits. Innovation in small-scale oil palm fruit processing will improve quality of life.15706517110758696765975411672584.jpgThe history of palm oil production dates back thousands of years, with the oldest record of its use from 3,000 BC. In late 1800s archaeologists discovered palm oil in a tomb located in Abydos, Egypt. It is believed Arab traders brought the oil to Egypt. A fresh fruit bunch (FFB). The variety shown in this picture is called Tenera. Palm oil is extracted from each of the individual fruits contained on the bunch. In 3.000 BC the mass of several kilograms of palm oil found in a vessel enclosed in a tomb at Abydos. In Middle 15th Century written records of palm oil used as a local food source by European travelers to West Africa. By 16th & 17th Century red palm oil an important item in the developing trade network used in supplying caravans or ships of Atlantic slave trade. In the 18th Century British industrial revolution created a palm oil demand for candle-making or lubricant for machines supplied by exports from West Africa. In 19th Century European run plantations set up in Central Africa and Southeast Asia traded the palm oil.15706539056746807580998390183146.jpgIn 1902 Germans invested in Cameroon after the discovery of the Tenera breed of palm oil. This high-yielding breed is used today in large-scale plantations. In  1910 Palm oil introduced to Malaysia by a Scotsman named William Sime and an Englishman Henry Darby. Between 1940 and 1960 technological improvement in edible oil refining and transport driven use of unrefined unhydrogenated palm oil in western foods. 1970-1990 Malaysia emerged as the worlds largest palm oil producer. By 1990 global production of palm oil reached more than 11 million metric tonnes. Palm oil primary source of dietary fat for countless people has nutritional and healing properties.15707025711802215076446866121332.jpg 15707023867614656298759665449622.jpgIt is recognised for generations till modern medicine arrived. Red palm oil was the remedy of choice for nearly all illness in many parts of Africa. If someone is sick they drank a cup full of palm oil. Many people in villages rely on such age-old method of treatment. And Palm oil is regarded essential diet for pregnant and nursing women for assured good health of mother and child. Scientists recognise value of red palm oil in treatment or prevention of diseases. Scientific presentation International Conference Centre Birmingham Biomedical Science Congress, Dr. Oluwafemi O. Oguntibeju, Department, Biomedical Sciences, said. Faculty of Health & Wellness Sciences, Cape Peninsula University, Technology, Bellville Campus, South Africa further elucidated potential of red palm oil in moderation in the healing process body.1570653776803564907221306921431.jpg

Scientifically palm oil Elaeis Guineensis is super abundantly used in West Africa. Archaeological evidence on the palm oil consumption was found in Egypt over 5000 years ago. Essentially contains rich naturally balanced mixture of saturated monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats providing high level of bioavaliable nutrients than other vegetable sources. Like coconut, olive oil, palm oil is rich in medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), that mobilise body fat stores,increasing the metabolic rate as great source of energy. Palm oil is a rich source of antioxidants, especially Vitamin E. Health benefits of Vitamin E are known but Vitamin E has a complex constituents broken into the two groups of: tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) and the tocotrienols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta). While alpha tocopherol form most commonly marketed as Vitamin E, full spectrum of tocoperols and tocotrienols are required for optimal assimilation. And the super-antioxidant tocotrienols are important for optimal health. Natural antioxidants free radical plays the protective role in cellular aging, atherosclerosis, cancer, arthritis and Alzheimer’s disease.15706537529773419511003640038535.jpgResearchers believe the tocopherols and tocotrienols together provide necessary constituents to help limit damage from heart attack. Red palm oil supplies fatty acids essential for proper growth and development packed with assortment of vitamins, antioxidants, phytonutrients important for good health. So red colour comes from carotenes or beta-carotene and lycopene nutrients in tomatoes and carrots, other fruits, vegetables rich red and orange colours. Carotene’s valuable nutrients and powerful antioxidants are important because body converts into Vitamin A essential nutrient. Vitamin A deficiency can cause blindness, weaken bones, lower immunity, affect learning ability and mental function. Vitamin A in animal foods expensive some vegans want ban or cruelty in animal habitats.15707025212438153787872091408675.jpg 15707023009553670867157174083217.jpg15707023485737659382483707018386.jpg15707176753381643729453294235136.jpgwp-1570741499587.jpgIMG-20191010-WA0005.jpgIMG-20191010-WA0003.jpg15707183188916186410944286321541.jpg20191010_152936.jpgIMG-20191010-WA0004.jpg15707178683191311551244837819910.jpg15707179328823524300200961852299.jpg15707182551946714893949256711393.jpgIMG-20191009-WA0004.jpg15707180654631981086166843417443.jpg15707211799281650153418785419437.jpg15707249146877329145770675166689.jpg15707250221878825410605637871063.jpg1570724333720225742802031718484.jpg20191010_171100.jpgwp-1570727828248.jpgwp-1570727791770.jpg15707239639317669594999625097790.jpg15707266362638432679305406668006.jpg15707268852772449390352852451927.jpg1570726148206947713565204450155.jpg15707270696093181152666151376351.jpgCarotenes in fruits and palm vegetables supply needed Vitamin A in adequate amount of the fat consumed. Carotenes fat converted into Vitamin A. People need healthy product palm fat in small doses. Around 90% of palm oil is used in food culinary purposes in the cosmetics, shampoos and soaps. Palm oil popular biofuel. Traditional African medicine uses these Elaeis guineensis as laxative stimulates production of urine, poison antidote, can cure gonorrhoea, treat skin infection. But not harmless as studies link palm oil to cardiovascular diseases. To produce palm oil the fruit is collected from trees, which live average of 28 to 30 year. If trees grow too high it is difficult to reach fruit so cut down to make room for new trees contributing to the deforestation of the rainforests.20191012_105325.jpgPalm nut fiber separator machine and the palm fiber polishing machine called palm nut fibre separator machine.The palm nut fibre separator machine is an inclined cylindrical revolving machine used for separating the palm nuts from fibers. These palm nut fibre separators machine have screens in various sizes from which fibers escape, leaving nuts behind. The separated nuts are collected in cylindrical screen and bottom. Work principle of palm nut fiber separator machine: The palm nut fiber separator machine inclined cylindrical revolving machine heaves all around suitable size screen from fibres but palm nuts do not escape. Travelling mixture from upper end to lower end of the machine fibres escape from cylindrical screen as palm nuts are collected from the lower end of the nut fibre separator.20191012_105224.jpgPalm nut fiber separator is produced by Henan Doing Company to sell to small scale industries. Larger and heavier duty industrial machines exist churning tons if palm fibre in the processing of pal oil.  Fibres are used in the boiler as fuel. Palm nuts are sold out to palm kernel oil mill where they crack palm nuts to get palm kernels extract so palm kernels used for palm kernel oil.20191012_105131.jpgPalm nuts are used in a palm kernel oil mill plant for extracting palm kernel oil. Palm kernel cracked, separated by machine cleaning crushing, cooking and pressing. Small scale palm oil mill plant palm nut fiber separator machine is dispensable. Those who want to get palm kernel oil expand production with enough budget can buy palm nut fiber separator machine. Palm kernel cracking and separating machine.20191012_105017.jpgPalm nut fibre separator machine is a next process palm kernel oil processing machine for palm kernel cracking and separating machine. This palm kernel cracking and separating machine is also specially and newly developed to be used for cracking and separating palm nuts. It consists of palm nuts cracking machine, palm nuts kernel separator machine. Palm nuts cracking machine is mainly applicable for dividing the palm kernels into the outer hard shell with high efficiency. The palm nuts kernel separating machine is for separating the palm nuts kernels from the cracked shells clearly and completely. Despite modern industrial developments of this technology majority of people still use ancient traditional harvesting of palm fruit and processing manually. Involves the whole family or a cooperative small scale industry in their communities. Yet some campaign to curb overuse of lands destroying habitats of over 200 species of animals. Professional palm kernel oil extraction machine palm kernel crusher and separator also reduce employment as fewer people needed compared to the manual process. Overall palm oil is a good investment if properly managed. The other side of the coin is tons of the one use only plastic container wastes if not recycled for other purposes.