Briggs recollected in her landmark 1971 book “Never in Anger,” about how calm and collected everyone was jarcontrast that created against her own unruly emotions. Even when some truly rage-worthy things happened like a teapot falling and smashing against floor the Inuit never betrayed a hint of anger. An “Emotional control is highly valued among Eskimos,” she wrote in the book. Indeed, maintenance of emotions under trying circumstances is essential sign of maturity, of adulthood.” Why so calm, she wondered? And more importantly, how can the rest of us get there? For the answer, Briggs looked to how children responded in difficult circumstances appeared to be something they learned from their parents. An simple parenting technique of Inuit is “Never scold child.” It became clear to Briggs when a young boy threw rock at her, related in a CBC interview, she didn’t berate him angrily, rather told him calmly it hurt. Instead of rage she told him real consequences of his actions caused her pain. Decades later, the writer Michaeleen Doucleff followed in Briggs’ footsteps in visiting Iqaluit, Canada, “in search of parenting wisdom. Said that teaching children to control their emotions is very important she writes in NPR. Doucleff found that a common strand among Inuit parents is: Across the board all mothers mentioned One Golden Rule: Don’t shout or yell at small children.”Among Inuit Arctic community Doucleff found the people practiced the theory that screaming at a child only teaches the child to scream. It is a vicious circle, the University of Pittsburgh researcher Ming-Te Wang noted in a 2013 study. “It is tough call for parents because it goes both ways: the problem behaviours of children create the desire to give harsh verbal discipline. That harsh discipline may push adolescents toward the same problem behaviours.” The Inuit society seems to have learned lessons long ago, and managed to break the cycle. And so “Traditional Inuit parenting incredibly is nurturing, gentle, tender,” as Doucleff writes. “If you took all parenting styles around the world and ranked them by their gentleness, Inuit approach would likely rank near the top.” What kind of children does that society produce? The kind who live harmoniously in world’s harshest climates often with threadbare resources. Survival hinges on making the most efficient use of natural world yet group still manages to be at peace with itself and with others. Maybe that’s because it’s also the kind of society that teaches kindness above all else. Jesus said do not let the sun radiate or set on your anger. Let it go for peace of mind.
An arrogant pompous Nebuchadnezzar tried to put himself above God Almighty to try to dominate the whole world and taunted nations. Nebuchadnezzar, king of Assyrians sent messengers to Persia, and to west, Cilicia, Damascus, Lebanon, Antilebanon seacoast nations, Carmel, Gilead, Upper Galilee and great plain of Esdraelon, Samaria, Jordan, Jerusalem, Bethany, Chelous, Kadesh, Egypt Valley, Tahpanhes, Raamses, Goshen, Tanis, Memphis, borders of Ethiopia. They all rejected an order of Nebuchadnezzar to join him in war, not afraid of him as he is only one man. All sent the messengers back empty-handed. Nebuchadnezzar angry, swore by his throne and kingdom he will take revenge on all inhabitants, land of Moab, people of Ammon, Judea, Egypt, two seas coasts. He attacks King Arphaxad in battle, defeated his army, cavalry, chariots, took towns, Ecbatana, captured towers, plundered markets. In mountains of Ragau struck Axpharxes with his spears and returned to Nineveh to rest, feasts one hundred twenty days. Nebuchadnezzar told Holofernes, chief general of his army, “he is the great king lord of the whole earth so he must take strong confident men about a hundred twenty thousand foot soldiers, twelve thousand cavalry to attack surrounding nations. To match into all the land west because they refused to become vassal states. To prepare their land and water as coming in anger to attack them and to cover whole face of earth with the feet of his troops to plunder the nations. To wound and fill ravines, gullies, and swelling river with their dead, or taken captives to the ends of the whole earth. To seize territory for Nebuchadnezzar in advance. They must yield themselves and hold on till the day of punishment. All who resist show no mercy, slaughter and plunder whole region by power of his kingdom. To do so by his authority as commanded to carry out order given without delay. Nebuchadnezzar’s army attacked and plundered and planned next move but warned by Achior not to attack Israel. Holofernes left and took commanders, generals and officers of Assyrian army. One hundred twenty thousand, twelve thousand archers on horseback a great army for a campaign. A vast number of camels and donkeys, mules transport, sheep, oxen, goats for food, and huge amount of gold and silver from royal palace. Set out with whole army ahead of Nebuchadnezzar to cover whole face of earth west with chariots, cavalry, foot soldiers, mixed crowd like swarm of locusts, like dust of earth with countless multitude marched in three days from Nineveh to plain of Bectileth. Camped opposite Bectileth near mountain north of Upper Cilicia. Holofernes and army, ravaged Put, Lud plundered Rassisites, Ishmaelites on border desert south of Chelleans. They follow the Euphrates river through to Mesopotamia and destroyed all fortified towns along brook Abron near the sea. Seized territory of Cilicia, to southern borders of Japheth by Arabia. Surround Midianites, burnt their tents, plundered their sheepfolds. To plain of Damascus during their wheat harvest and burnt fields destroyed flocks, herds, ransacked towns, ravaged lands and young men to sword. Achior is tied to tree for warning Holofernes not to attack Israel is saved. Fear and dread fell on the other people along seacoast of Sidon and Tyre, Sur, Ocina, Jamnia, Azotus and Ascalon who feared Holofernes greatly. The seacoast people and all countryside welcomed him with garlands, dances, tambourines but he demolished all shrines, cut down sacred groves; for he was commissioned to destroy gods of the land so all nations should worship Nebuchadnezzar alone, and all nations and all tribes should call him their god. So he went to Esdraelon, near the Dothan great ridge of Judea to camp between Geba and Scythopolis for a whole month to collect all supplies for his army. Israelites in Judea heard of Holofernes, and greatly terrified at his approach alarmed for Jerusalem and Temple of the LORD God. They recently returned from exile, gathered together the sacred vessels, altar and the temple consecrated after profanation. So they sent word to districts Samaria, to Kona, Beth-horon, Belmain, Jericho, Choba, Aesora, and valley of Salem. They seized all high hilltops and fortified villages on them and stored food in preparation for war since fields were harvested. Then the high priest Joakim in Jerusalem at the time wrote to people of Bethulia and Betomesthaim, near Esdraelon opposite plain near Dothan to seize the mountain passes, since Judea could be invaded.Immediately it was easy to stop anyone who tried to enter, for space too narrow and only two can pass. The Israelites did as ordered by high priest Joakim and the senate of Israel in Jerusalem. Every one Israel cried out to God, humbled themselves with fasting to God. Their wives, children, cattle all resident put sackcloth and prostrated themselves before the temple. They put ashes on their heads, spread sackcloth before the LORD. They draped altar with sackcloth and cried out, praying to God of Israel not to let infants be carried off and their wives taken booty or towns inherited be destroyed, and sanctuary profaned and desecrated by malicious Gentiles. The Lord heard their prayers so had regard for their distress. People fasted so many days in Judea and Jerusalem before the Sanctuary of the LORD Almighty. The high priest Joakim and the priests stood before the Lord and ministered to the LORD in sackcloth, offered burnt, votive or freewill offerings of the people. With ashes on heads cried out to the LORD to have mercy on whole house of Israel. And reports went to Holofernes about Israel fasting and praying to God to be saved from their attacks. Achior the Ammonite said Israel descended from Chaldeans from Mesopotamia because they did not wish to follow the gods of ancestors in Chaldea. So abandoned the ways of their ancestors and worshiped the God of heaven their ancestors drove them from gods so fled to Mesopotamia, and lived there for a long time. God told them to go to the land of Canaan. They settled and grew prosperous in gold and silver and livestock. Famine in the land of Canaan led them to Egypt and a great multitude their race couldn’t be counted so the king of Egypt hostile to them; and exploited and forced them made bricks. They cried to God who afflicted whole Egypt with plagues so Egyptians drove them out. God dried the Red Sea before them and led them by the way of Sinai and Kadesh-barnea. Drove out people of the desert and resided in the land of the Amorites, destroyed all inhabitants of Heshbon; crossed Jordan and possessed all the hill country of Canaanites, the Perizzites, Jebusites, Shechemites, the Gergesites and lived there long time. As long as Israel did not sin against God they prospered for God hates iniquity so us with them. When they departed from Godsway prescribed for them they were defeated in battles and led captives to a foreign land. So temple of their God was razed to the ground, the towns occupied by their enemies. Now they returned to God from those places scattered back to Jerusalem their sanctuary and settled in the hill country uninhabited. So now my master and lord if there is any oversight in this people and they sin against their God and we find out their offense, then we can go up and defeat them. But if not a guilty nation let my lord pass them by; for their LORD their God defends them so we shall become laughingstock of the whole world. Achior’s prophesy not to fight against Israel because God defends them against god of Nebuchadnezzar is ignored, send his forces to destroy them from the face of the earth. Boasted God will not save them as the king’s servants will destroy them as one man. They will not resist the might of their cavalry. So will overwhelm them in the mountains drunk with their blood and fields full of their dead. Their footprints will perish because Nebuchadnezzar is lord of the whole earth. For he has spoken so none of his words will be in vain. Achior, thrown out to hill country and into the town by passes to perish along with Israel. Holofernes spoke that none of his words will fail to come true. Tied Achior to a tree buy saved by Israelites told Israel about plans if their enemies. The people fell down and worshipped God and cried, O Lord God of heaven, see their arrogance, and have pity on our people in humility and look kindly on faces of those who are consecrated to you. They reassured Achior and praised him highly. Uzziah took him from the assembly to his own house and gave a banquet for the elders and all night they called on the God of Israel for help. All the people, young men and women, and children, gathered around Uzziah and rulers of the town cried out with a loud voice, You did great injury not making peace with the Assyrians. We have none to help us; God sold us into their hands, to be thirsty and exhausted. Summon them and surrender the whole town as booty to the army of Holofernes and to all his forces. It is better to be captured slaves, our lives spared, and not witness our little ones dying before our eyes or our wives and children dying. We call heaven, earth and God to our LORD God so prefer to be slaves not defeated. The great lamentation in the assembly and cries to the LORD God with a loud voice, Uzziah said, “Courage, brothers and sisters let us wait five days if LORD God will turn His mercy to us again for He will not forsake us. If these days pass with no help I will do as you say. All the men went up on the walls and towers of their town. Women and children he sent home in great misery.
And when Judith heard it, called rulers of the people said its not right; you swore an oath between God and you to surrender the town to enemies if the LORD does not help in so many days. Who are you to put God to test to set time for God in human affairs do not make LORD our God angry. If he does not choose to help within five days, He has power to protect as He pleases, or destroy in presence of enemies. Don’t try to control purposes of LORD God not like humans won over by pleading. Wait for His deliverance let us call upon Him to help us, and He will hear our voice, if it pleases Him. Tribes that worship God know no other god but Him, so we trust He will not deny our nation. If captured all Judea and sanctuary plundered pays for desecration by blood of slaughtered kindred, land desolate of inheritance He will bring Gentiles to serve as slaves but the Lord God will honour us. Remember Abraham, Isaac and Jacob all tested. In Syrian Mesopotamia, tending the sheep of Laban his mother’s brother Jacob overcame. God didn’t try us with fire as he did to them to search their hearts, nor taken vengeance on us; but the LORD scourges all those close to Him in order to refine them. Uzziah said “All you said is true the people so thirsty compelled us to do what we promised by oath we cannot break. Since you are a God-fearing woman, pray for us, so the LORD to send rain to fill our cisterns so we no longer feel faint from thirst. So Judith said, “I will do something that will go down through all generations of our descendants. Stand at the town gate tonight so I may go out with my maid; within days you promised to surrender the town to our enemies, the LORD will deliver Israel by my hand. Do not try to find out what I will do for I will not tell you until I finish what I am going to do. And Judith prostrated herself, put ashes on her head, uncovered sackcloth she was wearing. At the very time when the evening incense was being offered in the house of God in Jerusalem. Judith cried out to the LORD with a loud voice and said, LORD God take revenge on strangers who tore virgin’s clothing to defile, expose to shame, pollute their womb to disgrace. You gave rulers to be killed and their beds shamed by deceits practiced stain with blood, struck slaves and princes on thrones. You gave their wives, daughters into captivity and all booty divided. Your beloved children call on you for help O God hear widow. Only you know your ways in advance. Assyrians increase force, proud of their horses, riders, boast in strength of their foot soldiers, trust in shield and spear, bow and sling. They do not know you are the LORD God who crushes wars the LORD God Jehovah Almighty is your Name. Break their strength by your MIGHT and bring down their power in your anger, they defile sanctuary and pollute tabernacle of your Glory, break off horns of altar by sword look at their pride send your wrath on their heads. Give to me a widow, strong hand to do what I plan. By deceit of my lips strike them down and crush their arrogance by hand of woman. Your Strength does not depend on numbers your MIGHT is Powerful. You are the God of the lowly, helper of oppressed, upholder of weak, protector of forsaken, saviour of those without hope. Please, God of my father, God of Israel, LORD of heaven and earth, Creator of the waters, King of all creation hear prayers. Bruise those who plan evil things against your Covenant, and your Sacred House Mount Zion to save your Children and whole nation. Let tribes know and understand you are God of all Power and might and there is no other God who Protects the people of Israel but you Alone. Judith embarks on her secret seductive mission to destroy the plans of Holofernes. Judith gets him too drunk for intimacy decapitates head to defeat Nebuchadnezzar army. Judith is celebrated as a Jewish woman who saved her people from the tyranny of Holofernes. Achior becomes proselyte in the house of Israel because of his true testimony of God and he risked his life to save Israel. So God let Achior into the house of Israel used by God to stop the destruction of Israel by Holofernes. A pagan Ammonite and chief leaders of all the Ammonites had wisdom and knowledge so understands the authority and power of Jehovah. He narrated the history of Israel and their victory won through Almighty God. So a vassal state citizen is used here to warn Holofernes who rejected good advise. It is God who decides those worthy of His salvation among the Gentiles. Achior is converted in the light of God as other righteous Gentiles of the bible. Achior is a genuine convert who witnessed the miracle power of God’s Divine move to save Israel through Judith a God fearing widow. God allows time of the Gentile to precede Israelites to provoke them to jealousy. Achior is symbolic invitation to all nations to convert for all the gentiles are included in the grand scheme plans of God to come to faith in God of Israel.
God’s social media connection marriage partners were just friends but has more plans confirmed through Pastor Alph Lukau. It is reassuring God watches all things on social media and approves of good things happening but hates all evil things taking place there. God gave this spouse to each other to have and to hold to walk together. Amos 3:3 says, do two walk together unless they agree so both friends agreed before congregation to love each other. This is miracle working God we serve in Jesus Name.
Ignorant is ignorant of ignorance due to ignorance is bliss like burying own head in the sand ignoring obvious situations. Ignorance is glaring for all to see except the ignorant person affected. Although no one knows everything in life, basic common sense requires awareness of people’s educational, social, cultural or psychological and health needs to help interact better in society. God in the Bible says, My People perish for lack of knowledge. This means God’s manual of life is abandoned and ignored to search for alternatives to suit each person as they are fit regardless of whether it is in the best interest of others or not. Such an attitude concentrates efforts only on what is in it for me. Such a self-centred personality sees the world through only their viewpoint despite views of billions of other people on earth. Ego is inflated so much despite academic achievement ignorant and unskilled in dealing fairly with people. Unaware of ignorance lives in a bubble without realising difficulties in not recognising own incompetence. It leads to the hyper – inflated exaggerated self-assessment ego ignorant of damage of their own ignorance on themselves or others bullied into coercion. Ignorant naive ignorant but insist on dominating others is the tragedy of today’s society. An ignorant character is too ignorant to realize their ignorance, others deal with and put up with for the sake of peace. If ignorant but insists on making decisions that lacks awareness of consequences, it is often too late to repair damage others saw in advance but were overruled. The power game of feeling in control to tell others what to do feel empowered is a sign if insecurity. Constantly orders the others about without any taking of the responsibility for actions. Power hungry bubble wrapped in virtual reality lacks undertanding of practical daily issues. Underlying ignorant fear of unknown is reason lurking behind the ignorant who does not value or respect those around them who sacrifice time to portray their fake image perfect, grand, great or best. Yet deep down in their hearts unhappy about coercion threats for fear of being fired for genuine honesty. The truth is not clearly obvious to ignorant and yet argues and fights the best experts in the field of expertise. A strong egotistic will untamed fester’s into all aspects of their lives never having no for an answer. So moves heaven and earth to achieve any thing they fancy or feel like doing. This starts from childhood if the self-centred ego is not nipped in bud. Having control over peers and colleagues to manipulate them to do their bidding and dirty work for them. Ignorance is dangerous if the ignorant makes decisions of the policies they know nothing about. Meanwhile a choice of whatever they want supplied at their beck and call exploiting others. It means an ignorant person affects the other people suffering due to ignorant choices they make on behalf of others. The irony is people are most likely to be ignorant of extent of their ignorance do not listen to anybody. It starts, with the authoritarian, do as I say not what I do type of bullying compulsive behaviour. Impulsive decisions mean they do not remember what they said or what they did previously. Meanwhile everyone around them remembers their insults and tantrums of how they were made to feel small by them. So do not forget but dare not question their ever-changing decisions of instructions in atmosphere of fear. Ignorant lacks knowledge of the basic things even children may know. It gets worse over time when the people hide the truth from them to conceal the effects of their aggressive reactions. The ignorant describe life in their state of unawareness of the things they should know. Means its ignorance defining lack of knowledge or training of ignorance of their harmful side of their ignorance. Lack of awareness is more dangerous as ignorant has not enough knowledge, understanding, or information about somethings they do or have to do on the behalf of others. Their ignorance rubs people the wrong way because but they ignore the expert advise and so do their ignorant things. Their opinion divides, damaging people, health, work, homes, families, etc. Precisely the kind of world ignorant run but unequipped mentally, morally ethically destroy environment and the earth. Ignorance of God’s plans, through Jesus’ purpose for mankind by ignorant people causes ignorant to live their lives trampling on other people like beasts. By ignorance they choose knowledge that leads to woes for many people. The question is how come the ignorant flourish like a great tree so overbearing little trees cannot get their daily Sunshine, nutrition or rain to live and let live and Jesus anymore? Jesus already warns of such perilous times so people must know how to respond not to react to the hatred triggered by them. It’s part of endtime prophecy in Bible on how evil is seen as good so good is seen as evil due to deception. Their negative vibes drive hatred and conflict distracts attention from their ignorance. People latch unto their loathing divide and rule targets fights and wars of destruction to cull the global population to dominate all people on earth. Ignorance leads to a world getting worse fuelled by hatred to spurs gullible to self-destruct. People are too busy projecting hatred on others to scrutinise their incompetency. Stress of constant pressure surround them so chaos and confusion since at the helm of affairs controlling others. Inability to listen to others destroys them so people walk on egg shells around them in fear. The spirit behind this is satan for just a season to be driven out by Jesus to take back power to Reign on earth.
God answers prayers according to HIS timing and motive agrees with Word of God. Philippians 4:6-8 don’t be anxious for anything, in everything pray, make petitions, supplication and thanksgiving to present your requests to God in Jesus Name. Supplication means “request or petitions.” Make supplications humbly to present request before God to expect HE will answer you. 7 The PEACE of God passing all understanding, keeps your heart or mind safe in union with Christ Jesus. 8 Finally brethren, what is true or honest, just, pure, lovely, of good report; and of virtue and praise, think on these things. Prayer is the most effective way to invite God to work miracles in your life. Favourite prayers offers a spiritual guidance to help steer you on your path as you grow in your faith. Some receive answers before asking God so surprised. Others wait longer than expected or “no not now,” is a good answer for God. But the devil’s strategy is to deceive believer “no” to request represents God’s sign to doubt God’s faithfulness by unanswered prayer. So satan wants believers God to think God shuts HIS ears to their prayer, cries, leaves them to work things out for themselves. A materialist shopping list mindset sees God as delivery service of ordering things is the greatest tragedy in the Church of Jesus Christ today. Few believe in POWER and effectiveness of prayer intended by God. Multitudes of God’s people can be heard complaining, “I pray, but I get no answers. I’ve prayed so long, so hard, without any results. All I want is to see a little evidence of God changing things. Things go on as usual so nothing happens. How long must I wait?” So no longer visit a secret prayer closet because they are convinced their petitions of prayers lost in transition at the throne. Others are convinced only Daniel, David, and Elijah types get their prayers through to God. In all honesty, many saints of God struggle with these thoughts too, If God’s ear is open to my prayer as I pray diligently why is there such little evidence of His answering? Is there one certain prayer you have been praying for such a long time and not yet answered? Even years gone by and still waiting, hoping and wondering? Let us be careful not to charge God, as did Job, with being slothful, unconcerned about our needs and petitions. Job complained “I cry to you and you did not hear me; I stand up, and you regard me not” in Job 30:20. Job’s vision of God’s faithfulness was clouded by present difficulties, so ends up accusing God of forgetting him so God rebuked him soundly for it. It is time Christians take honest look at why some prayers are not answered. We can be charging God with neglect if all along our own behaviour is responsible. Let’s look at six reasons why some prayers are not answered by God.
1. Prayer Not According to God’s Will We are not at liberty to pray at random for whatever selfish minds conceive to ask God to comply. So not permitted to come into HIS PRESENCE and vent our silly notions and mindless ramblings. If God agreed to all our petitions without discretion, He would end up giving His GLORY away. There is a law of prayer to stop the beggarly, self-centered prayers at the same time, making it possible for honest seekers to ask in confidence. So we can pray for whatsoever we will, as long as it is HIS WILL. “Ask anything according to HIS WILL, He hears us in Jesus Name says 1 John 5:14. If disciples do not praying according to God’s WILL they pray with vindictiveness revenge. They petition God, “Command fire to come down from heaven and consume enemies. Elijah called fire to restore the nation to God not his personal vendetta. Jesus answered, “You do not know what manner of spirit you are of in Luke 9:54, 55. Job, in sorrow and depressed begged God to take his life away. God’s answer was no to such a prayer contrary to the WILL of God. The Word warns, “Let not your lip hasten to utter a matter before the Lord.” Daniel prayed in a right way by first going to Scriptures to search out the MIND of God. He got clear direction, so sure of God’s will, run to God’s throne with a mighty assurance. “I set my face to the LORD God to seek by prayer the answer to my request in Daniel 9:3. We know so much about what we want but too little about what GOD WANTS.
2. Prayers to Fulfill Secret Inner Lust: selfish ambitions, dreams, illusions. You ask but do not receive because you ask amiss to consume on your lust as James 4:3 says. People pray, fast to take other people’s spouse, takeover business, use mind bending spells to control people to conform to their desires regardless of a consideration, feeling of needs of others manipulated. God answers no prayers that adds to selfish honour or assists in a temptation. God answers not prayer of a person who harbours lust in the heart. All answers are dependent on plucking evil out of the heart, lust, besetting sins. If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me” says Psalm 66:18. The test of knowing if a request is based on lust is simple on how delay is handled or denied is a clue. Prayers founded on lust demands hasty answers, if a lusting heart does not get a desire quickly will whimper, cry, swoon, faint, breakout in a spell of murmuring and complaining, and finally accuse God of deafness. And say, we fasted but God sees it not, Isaiah 58:3. The lustful heart cannot see God’s GLORY in HIS denials and delays. Did God not get GLORY by denying Christ’s prayer to save His life, if possible, from death? Shudder to think of where we would be today if God did not deny that request. God, in His justice, is obligated to delay or deny our prayers until they are purged of all selfishness and lust. So if there is a simple reason why most of our prayers are hindered it could it be a result of ongoing flirtation with a lust or besetting sin. Only people with a clean hand and pure heart can set their feet on HIS HOLY hill in repentance. Only a total forsaking of petty sins throws open gates of heaven to unclog HIS Blessings. Instead of yielding, run from counselors to counselors trying to find help to cope with despair, emptiness or restlessness. It is all in vain if sin and lust are not yet plucked out sin is the root of problems. Peace comes when we surrender and forsake all lust and secret sin.
3. Diligence Assists God To Answer us: God is not a kind of rich relative who supports and give us all asked for, while we lift not even a hand to help. If we lift our hands to God in prayer, put them in our pockets without doing HIS works as given talent to do, God will not answer prayer. Why expect prayers to get God to working for us, while we sit idly by, thinking to ourselves, “HE has ALL THE POWER; I have none, so I will simply stand by to let HIM do all the work.” It sounds like good theology but it is not how God will have idle people knocking at HIS door. God won’t allow charity to all those on earth who refuse to do HIS work. Everyone is capable of kindness, smile, support, help to others in Jesus Name. “God commands if any would not help others or work shouldn’t he eat in 2 Thessalonians 3:10. There is nothing unscriptural on adding sweat to toil and for example pray for victory over secret lust lingering in the heart by self-denial. Simply asking God to take miraculously, sin away then sit by hoping it dies on its own is not realistic? No sin is slain in a heart without the cooperation of man’s own hand like a case of Joshua. All night long he lay prostrated, mourning over Israel’s defeat. God set him on his feet saying, “Get up why lie on your face for Israel sinned. Get up, sanctify people…” in Joshua 7:10-13. God has every right to rouse us from our knees and say, “Why sit around lazily, waiting for a miracle? Have I not commanded you to flee from the very appearance of evil? You are to do more than simply pray against lust, you are commanded to run from it. You cannot rest until you have done all that is commanded.” So do not go about all day long giving in to lust and evil desire then run to secret closet at night to pray for miracle deliverance. Then repeat the cycle hoping God does not remember it. Secret sin causes lost ground with God in prayer because unyielded sin sides with the devil. One of God’s names is a “Revealer of Secrets” in Daniel 2:47. HE brings to light hidden secret’s darkness no matter how saintly the one who tries to hide it. The more pains one goes into hide sin, the surer God exposes it. The coast is never clear to secret sin. You set iniquities before you, secret sins in the light of your countenance in Psalm 90:8. God protects HIS own Honour above the reputation of sin in secret. God exposed David’s sin to keep HIS Honour before ungodly men. David, jealous of his own good name and reputation today stands before exposed but confessing sin for God’s Mercy in the Scripture. God does not allow drinks from stolen waters, to attempt to drink at HIS HOLY fountain. Secret sin denied by God’s brings on the flood of despair, doubt, and fear. Do not blame God for not listening to prayers if not listening to HIS call to obedience. Do not blaspheme God accused of neglect if all along culprit seek agreement prayer.
4. Grudges in Heart Against Others: Christ will not deal with anyone with a wrathful and unforgiving spirit. We are commanded to “lay aside malice, envy, evil speaking, as newborn babies, desire pure sincere milk of the Word of God in 1 Peter 2:1, 2. Christ communicates with love no wrangling, jangling, unforgiving heart of a person. God’s law of prayer is clear on this matter, “Lift up pure hands without wrath or doubting in 1 Timothy 2:8. Forgiving all sins committed against us makes it possible for God to forgive and bless us. Jesus instructs us to pray, “Forgive us, as we forgive others.” If the grudge smouldering heart against other people not dealt with God will not look upon answering prayer. It is important to leave offering at altar to make peace before entering God’s Presence. As God takes such things very seriously, angry wrangling disputes among the Christian brothers and sisters grieves HIS HEART. God deals with HIS Children more than all the sins of the ungodly. Don’t wonder why if prayers are hindered to become obsessed with hurt feeling unconcerned about mistreating others. The malignant mistrust in Church circles by jealousies, bitterness, spirit of revenge, all in God’s NAME. Why wonder if God shuts gates of heaven until learnt to love to forgive deep hurts the most. So get rid of Jonah weight off your heartship and the storm will settle in Jesus Name. Anyone or any thing not belonging on your life journey with you must go for your destination.
5. Lack of Faith Expect Nothing Good: He who expects little from prayer will not have much power and authority in prayer. When we question the power of prayer, we lose it. The devil is trying to rob us of hope by making it appear that prayer is no longer effective. So clever is satan is trying to deceive with lies and unnecessary fears. Israel was brought a false news Joseph was killed, it sickened him to despair though a lie. Joseph was alive and prospering, while his father grieved in sorrow believing in the lie. So satan tries to deceive with lies. Unbelief by fear robs believer of joy, confidence, trust in God. God HEARS only believing prayer as a weapon against all the fiery darkness of enemy. So prayer weapons used in great confidence is the defense against satan’s lies. If Gods’ reputation is at stake, patience is proof good enough to expect answer to prayer. The secret closet of prayer is to be ready for God’s answer to answer. God hears even if we see no evidence of answer this is a sure sign the longer prayer delays, the more perfect it comes forth at last. The deeper God’s SILENCE, the louder the ANSWER. Abraham prayed for a child, and God answered many years went by before he held child in his arms? Every faithful prayer is heard the moment it is prayed, but God CHOOSES ANSWER in HIS OWN WAY in HIS OWN TIME. God expects us to rejoice in promises and feast on hope while we wait for fulfillment. He wraps denial in sweet package of love prevent us from falling into discouragement.
6. Trying to Prescribe God An Answer The person we trust we trust, we leave them to do what is right. So it’s all about trust believing God has our best interest at heart to preserve our soul. After the burdened heart prays to the LORD then resign himself to faithfulness, goodness, and wisdom of God. True believers will leave the shaping of the answer to God’s Mercy. Whatever way God CHOOSES to answer the believer welcomes in FAITH trusting God. David prayed diligently for his household, commits by faith all into God’s covenant. “Though my house be not so with God, He made with me a covenant” says 2 Samuel 23:5. All who prescribe to God how, when to answer limit HOLY ONE of Israel. God will not bring an answer to the front door, if not aware HE will come in at back door so trust HIS promises. God is not bound by time or limit of answering. HE FOREVER does exceedingly abundantly more than we ask or think. HE answers health, or grace better than health. HE send LOVE, beyond human ideas so delivers always something greater. HE desires you leave requests in HIS Powerful arms, cast all care upon HIM go in peace and serenity to wait for HIS relief. Have great faith in God, don’t question “IS ALMIGHTY GOD ABLE? Can HE pardon or He heal? Can He work for me too?” Stop the unbelief! Come to HIM “faithful Creator.” Hannah prayed in faith so “rose from her knees, ate, her countenance no more sad. So be encouraged not to listen to fear or doubt to prayer satan whispers in ear that God forgot you, stop with this: “God has not forgotten me, HIS past Blessings shows don’t question HIS faithfulness.” Faith had GOOD memory so remember past benefits. Like David, pray: “In infirmity, remember years of RIGHT Hand of Most High, remember works of the LORD HIS wonders of old in Psalm 77:10,11. Even if God slays you continue to praise HIM. Reject devil’s secret whispers: Answers Long Delayed Not Enjoyed If It Comes so Stop the spiritual mutiny by not trusting God to answer at HIS opportune times. Be sure when answer comes, it will be in a way and time most enjoyed. If what you prayed for, not worth waiting for its not worth asking for. Stop worrying not receiving, learn to Rely on God. It is not groaning or complaining that creates a miracle POWER of God, it is HIS Favour not impatience of God’s people. Unbelief breaks God’s heart if wondering to love Him or leave Him. God wants us to rely on HIS LOVE. Love is the principle HE constantly acts from, HE never swerves even if rebukes with HIS lips, or strikes with HIS hand yet HIS heart burns with LOVE and all HIS thoughts are of PEACE and Goodness. All hypocrisy is distrust, so a soul not relying on God is not true to God by questioning HIS faithfulness, so begins to live by own wits and cares only for self. The backslidden Children of God said, “make us gods we know not what became of Moses in Exodus 32:1. In company of God rely on HIM, if down groan but not grumble for LOVE for God preserves heart groaning not grumbling to contend with God. Do not challenge God consumed by bitterness. Holy Spirit groans for us in unutterable language of heaven prays according to the PERFECT WILL of God. Fleshly grumble proceeds out of disenchanted poison. Grumbling kept entire nation out of Promised Land and keeps multitudes of blessings from the LORD. Groaning in pain alright God forbids grumblings. Ask in Faith, Praise in Hope. Words are pure silver or gold purified seven times in furnace, Psalm 12:6. God will not permit the Covenant breaker to set foot in HIS PRESENCE on HIS HOLY hill unless first repents of sin. HOLY God never breaks WORDS made by HIS NAME on earth as an Everlasting Faithful God. Put faith in God so heart is at peace. In quietness and Confidence is your Strength as says Isaiah 30:15. God promise hold believer venturing with boldness no fear unfloundering. Never, question God, present humbly requests for HIS Help and wait for HIS answer to prayer. God’s delay mean request gains interest in God’s bank of blessings. So be reassured saints, God is Faithful, receive HIS promises and rejoice before seeing conclusions. Trust and obey even if you already received answers. God wants HIS praises before we receive promises with thanks and adoration. Holy Ghost helps prayers to reach Throne of Father God in Spirit. Groanings in soul touches God WHO collects all tears in HIS bottle on altar in heaven. God sees and hears, so not deny Himself answers to prayers. Saints of God not alone with millions of angels watching and waiting to be sent to deliver answers from God. Jesus stops storms of life gives God’s Peace passing all human understandings. So the LORD God answers effectual fervent prayer so don’t shut yourself from HIM. Put away besetting sins of lust and materialistic, vanity so prayers are answered. When Christ returns on the earth, He will find faith in secret closet with Christ and His Word. Time is short as day of the LORD is at hand soon. Watch and pray in Jesus Name. Rapture is more important above all answers of God’s material miracle or blessing from these prayers left behind. Remember salvation is greatest answer to prayer if saved in Christ. Prayer is the most effective way to invite God to work miracles in your life in Jesus Name.
I believe in God the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, HIS only Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, crucified died and buried. He descended to the dead. On the third day he rose again. He ascended into heaven and seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit and the Holy Church of God in Christ, communion of saints, forgiveness of sins, resurrection of the body to life everlasting Amen.
Dr James Emman Kwegir Aggrey is one of the leading figures in the history of education in Africa. And undoubtedly Dr. James Emmanuel Kwegyir Aggrey, is more popularly known as “Aggrey of Africa.” He is noted as great sociologist, orator, preacher, far-sighted politician, equally famous for witty epigramatic sayings. Aggrey is apostle of inter-racial co-operation, advocated and helped to cut the path of progress for the African race in many fields, in the direction of Religion, Education, and Agriculture. Is known as “Father of African Education,” “First African Gender Activist,” “Pan-Africanist,” “African Theologian,” “Civil Right Activist,” and “Father of Achimota College.” Type his name on Google and get 11,000 results in 0.30 seconds. Born on Monday, 18th October, 1875, at Anomabo in the Central Region of the Gold Coast, of Princess Abena Anowa of Ajumako, and Okyeame Prince Kodwo Kwegyir, Chief Linguist in the court of King Amonoo V of Anomabu, Aggrey was the seventeenth child of his father and fourth of his mother Abena Anowa, third, last wife of Okyeame Kwegyir. ( Okyeame Kwegyir had 21 children in total; 9 by his first wife, 4 by his second and 8 a third wife Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey’s mother. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey was born amidst rumours of an Ashanti invasion of Anomabo in the midst of warlike-preparations, time set aside to name the child, since it was eighth day after birth, as tradition demanded. At the naming ceremony and baptism on June 24th, 1883, Aggrey with brother Kodwo Awir, Christian names are James and William, were by custom bestowed on him and his brother respectively. However other fantse names were given to young Aggrey and his full name was James Emman Kodwo Mensa Otsiwadu Humamfunsam Kwegyir Aggrey.
In Achimota School in 1888, Dr. James Kwegyir Aggrey’s life changed with the arrival of Rev. Dennis Kemp, Wesleyan missionary, who arrived in Cape Coast from Barbados, West Indies. As part of his efforts to curb illiteracy at the time, proposed to take 20 people (all boys) to mission house for training so favoured among them was Dr. James Kwegyir Aggrey. Young Emmanuel distinguished himself in all branches of knowledge, so easily won admiration of Rev. Dennis Kemp. In a spacious mission home, “the most palatial residence in Cape Coast,” Aggrey and twenty three lads received instruction in joinery, blacksmithery, home decoration, painting, in addition to formal literary education, science, logic, etc. As expected, Aggrey became more engrossed in his books. He was quoted to declare many times, “I want to know everything.”Aggrey had no time for ‘games.’ He lived for books. He would stay up reading long after others were asleep, when weary, tie a soaked towel around his head and sit with his feet in basin of cold water. He loved God as a boy so history books refer to him as ‘a natural Christian.’ Two years later he at 14 years, completed his course at this college, and accepted post of temporary pupil teacher, Abura-Dunkwa, 20 miles east of Cape Coast on monthly salary of 35 shillings. Aggrey was responsible for a class of about 30 boys. Rev. Dennis Kemp appointed to spiritual oversight of the Coast to the Prahso district. And Aggrey and Rev. Dennis Kemp made a two-day journey to this large circuit. At Ekroful, they were handicapped for lack of accommodation, no hotels or lodging houses, slept in the chapel; Rev. Kemp in the pulpit, and Aggrey in one of the pews. By age 15, was in sole control of the school and compelled to show his leadership prowess. He succeeded in raising standard of pupils’ work under his guidance both the day school and Sunday school became the largest in the circuit. In a letter to the school 37 years later, Aggrey recounted, “In 1889 I was in Abura Dunkwa to teach in a village school. I was kindergarten teacher, primary teacher, headmaster and all. He lamented about the poor conditions of teachers but stated, “and yet looking back on my life, if I had chance to live again, I will gladly do teachin again.
A year afterwards, Aggrey transferred to Cape Coast, now prosperous; several Christian missionaries had arrived and fraternal, literary and social clubs, the Singing Band, Band of Hope, and Chris’t Little Band and Y.M.C.A. all establishing themselves. Trade was prosperous, with speculation in gold mines, machinery increasing; railways introduced in the nearby district. Banks were established, newspapers springing up, and study of English language becoming popular. So
Aggrey joined the staff of the Wesleyan Memorial School, built in 1881, taught for many years. So studying for Aggrey was a lifestyle and not a task. He asked for lessons to prepare for Cambridge Local Examination. Studied Magnetism, Electricity, traded with the missionaries giving lessons in the Fanti language. In return, learnt lessons in French, Latin and Psychology, always ready to share knowledge with pupils. Dr. Aggrey is known for delight in use of long English words. Quoted in a youthful essay, “ In the tropics, nature excels herself in superabundant productiveness.” If he did not find word to suit him creates one quoted as saying, “ the tropician is satisfied on land, the frigidian, ever on the icy waters.” He coined the title ‘tantabulator’ after the name of music instrument, tanta-ba in fanti, probably because it was the only instrument he could play so well. Dr. Aggrey excelled in everything he ‘touched’ and he was proud of himself. He is quoted to have said, “ when I was being trained for the ministry, I ranked first in Greek, in Latin, in Bible History, in Logic, in Exegesis, yes, first in everything.” He was so good the Wesleyan authorities permitted him to preach at age 16. By the time Dr. Aggrey turned 20, he was Assistant Headmaster at the Wesleyan Centenary Memorial School. Anomabo Etsiwa Posuban Asafo group or military Dr James Kwegyir Aggrey belongs. In 1889, when Rev. J.B. Graham entered ministry, Aggrey a Headmaster of the school at age of 23. He took all the Teachers’ Certificate examinations of Department of Education; and in 1895, stood first among the 119 candidates all over the country. Only one who gained second class certificate of distinction he obtained qualified him without further examination, “to teach in similar school in any British Colony, the world over.” The Legislative Council voted (NC30.00) 15 pounds in his favour for purchase of books in appreciation. His success made Cape Coast Wesleyan School the best school in the Colony. As stated by then Director of Education with 400 enrolled students, Aggrey is a figure of great man in the Gold Coast even at that time.
In 1912 degree of M.A, conferred on him by Livingstone College. And also a Hood Theological Seminary Doctorate Degree.
Prior to graduating, given assistance to staff of the College. When professor, A.B Johnson fell ill, Aggrey worked for him. Death of A.B Johnson, meant appointed Registrar, Financial Secretary, taught English Language, Literature, Sociology and Economics. He acted as Treasurer of the college athletic association, was superintended of College Sunday School ordained an Elder of the Zion Methodist Church in 1903. Made Pastor at Miller’s Chapel and Sandy Ridge in 1914. After completing course, College authorities pressed him to stay. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey always conscious of time, was known by students as a ‘stickler for punctuality.’ Students accused him of ‘putting on the clock.’They tried to catch him late, but never succeeded. A fellow student and one-time principal, Dr. W.J. Trent wrote:
“His influence at Livingstone, where he taught for more than 20 years was very precious and had a great deal to do with improvement of moral and spiritual conditions of whole college life” In 1917, position of the President of Livingstone College became vacant passed over, many expected, supported him for the post, Dr. Aggrey remained strong. He stated in a letter: “ I believe the Lord has something else in store for me. I am doing my best, patiently waiting until He gets ready for me to go where He leads I follow. Dr Aggrey obtained Philosophy Degree, Divinities in 1923. He returned home to Achimota College as foundation member of staff in 1924, Assistant Vice-Principal, thanks to Governor Guggisbery, who made the foundation of College possible. In 1924, position of President of Livingstone College vacant again and Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey in Gold Coast was invited to take over as President but declined the offer. Committing himself to work as a staff member of Achimota School in Accra. Despite the big disparity between the income offered or one taken at time. In a letter to a friend, Dr. Aggrey explained his position: “ In the United States, the Livingstone College stands first in my heart. I love her. And God’s choicest blessing attend her. But in the whole wide world my Africa comes first.” It is Aggrey’s contribution to welfare of the Gold Coast in particular and Africa in general helped in three major fields. He served as only African member on two internationally reputed education commissions for Africa. Phelps-Stokes fund Commission, regarded a key-stone to raising the standard of education in Africa. In will dated 1909, Miss Caroline Phelps-Stokes bequeathed her fortune, amounting to almost a million dollars, to trustees with instruction the income be used, inter alias, “for education of Negroes, in Africa and the United States, North American Indian and needy and deserving white students.” Out of this came two Commissions, which toured countries in Africa for fact-finding, on which Aggrey features prominently. It is during this journey Aggrey made a significant impression and underscored importance of education among people who became important figures in Africa including Hastings Kamuzu Banda, later president of Malawi, Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria, and Kwame Nkrumah, first president of Ghana. We hear of Aggrey in Sierra Leone, Liberia, September, 1920. Gold Coast, October to November, 1920. Nigeria, Fernando Po November, December 1920. Cameroon, December 1920, Belgian Congo January 1921, Angola January to February 1924, Kenya, February to March 1924, Uganda March 1924, Tanganyika and Zanzibar March, April 1924, Nyasaland Rhodesia in April to June 1924, South Africa again in June 1924, Again Gold Coast October, 1924. In a letter to his wife, wrote about his work on the commission. He said the characteristic of Christian is to do more than he is commanded to do. He added:
“I can bear witness turning the right check wins ultimately. Rightly does
Shakespeare make the critical Iago, Shakespeare’s consummate satan critic of critics, pay sweet-souled Desdemona most excellent tribute: ‘She holds it a vice in her goodness not to do more than is requested.’ … I go forth, Rose, first to serve my God, our God Who has appeared to me by
the side of the mountain and asked me to go lead my people away from Egypt, ignorance and maltreatmet, I go to serve my people.” While visiting Kenya, Commission recommended four separate Education Advisory Committee for racial groups in Kenya: Europeans, Arabs, Indians and Africans. They steer educational development for each race until independence. So recommended rural education and industrial training. The recommendations were adopted in 1925, Jeans School, Kabete opened to train artisans. In South Africa delivered a lecture used, keys of piano as image of racial harmony: “I don’t care what you know; show me what you can do. Many of my people who get educated don’t work, but take to drink. They see white people drink, so they drink too, imitate weakness of white people, but not their greatness. They won’t imitate a white man working hard. If you played only the white notes on a piano you get only sharps; if play only the black keys you get flats; but if you play two together you get harmony and beautiful music”
Dr Aggrey so much impressed the white settlers at public lectures his audience wildly admiringly exclaimed, “Damn his colour, he’s a saint.” His idea of education was “All inclusive” type, “Secular education” was abhorrent to him; education is full development of human personality. “Education,” he said, “Does not mean simply learning. it means training the mind, in morals hand helps to make socially efficient. Not simply three R’s but the three H’s the head, the hand and the heart.” He wanted all-round training for girls and boys “No race or people can rise half slave, half free, surest way to keep a people down is educate men, neglect the women. If you educate a man you educate an individual, if you educate a woman you educate family nation.”
On University education, said it should combine the best of east with best of the west, the best of Africa with the best of Europe, Asia and America. “Encourage original thinking, encourage research, helps add to human knowledge. West Africa proved we get classics, theology, philosophy, masters in jurisprudence and dialectics. The question is, can we turn knowledge more and more into the service of common weal? Can we give back with interest what we received? I believe, we can. University Education is to prove what scientific training can do. University education should aim to give women, training co-education to subdue the earth. Training for character: that is Christian: Christianity not Church going.
In United States, greatly helped needy negroes at the mercy of money lenders by encouraging formation Co-operative Farmers’ Association, Farmers Unions Credit Union Banks, and agricultural enterprises to relieve negro’s financial embarrassment. On return to the Gold Coast, while a staff at Achimota, sought permission of Director of Agriculture and toured length and breadth of Gold Coast, preaching same ideals. The result was output and quality of farmers’ crop in twenties improved radically. As an advocate for inter-racial co-operation, Aggrey contributed to cause of peace. So his ideas based on bi-racial grouping, stood for civic pride, social betterment, taking pride in own race but seeking friendly relationship with all races. This was radical opposite view of ultra-racial group of thinkers of ultra-conservative school of intellectuals of Marcus Garvey described a great champion. Aggrey always urged his people to be proud of their race and colour. He believed they should remain distinct because of their definite particular contribution makes harmony of mankind. Amalgamation of no conflict, but co-operation is Aggrey’s ideal. He expressed example Piano Keys
“You can play a tune of sorts on the black keys, and play a tune of sorts on the white keys, but for harmony you must use both black and the white.”
“True co-operation “involves certain measure of equality of opportunity, if not actual political status. It means each side has something to contribute more than braun one side, brain on other seek well-being of both.”
Aggrey noted for hundreds conferences attended, acted as president, secretary, leading member, represents university, sometimes church, sometimes Africa in
general. Too numerous to be listed, but a few mentioned: National Conference of Methodist Episcopal Church Foreign Missions Conference of North America, Kennedy School Mission Conference, School of Theology, School of Religious Pedagogy, Congregrational Missionary Society Conference, First Congregation Church of Jersey City Conference, And Eastern Union of Students Volunteers Conference, National Conference of Canadian students and International Convention of the Students Volunteer Movement Conference, and British West Africa Congress. Aggrey did not have everything smooth. He suffered many perils, but did his best to overcome them all. He escaped shipwreck October 17th, 1925, as he and Mrs. Aggrey sailed in SS “Cedric” for America. Earlier, July 1925, he experienced his real baptism of fire while away in Koforidua in Eastern part of Gold Coast during long vacation. “All things stolen including 9 suits, 25 shirts, trunks, brandnew suitcase and 6 pounds 11 shillings in cash. Left one old trunk and visiting cards, lost very heavily and never restored valuables stolen, much less those above value. I determined not to give up but moved on to success.”Big blow to him and his family, Aggrey, recorded the financial troubles, mortgaged house in America and furniture for 500 pounds mortgagor wished it redeemed; further related that to raise funds to redeem it, Aggrey sold his farm together with other property at a considerable loss lost over NC 3,400.00 on the transaction. But a man always in good spirits nothing depressed him and
had unexhaustible fund of wise saying, a few recorded as a matter of interest:
“I am proud of my colour; whoever is not proud of his colour is not fit to live.“Keep your temper and smile,” “that’s what Jesus meant when he told men to turn other cheek. “I have no time for revenge that’s not African “Some white people be transformed to negroes for a few days to feel what we feel and suffer what we suffer.” If I find a man scowling at me, I smile back. He scowls again I smile. I don’t find anyone scowl third time.” Some people go to war; we choose to love; some people hate we sing; some angry we take to laughter; some despair; we hope. Patrol bloodhound wants to get you, can’t run as fast as bloodhounds; what can you do, blacks? In darkest night when everybody despaired, we look and sang, long before our white brothers thought of airplane, ‘Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, coming for to carry me Home. I tell the southern people of America, with whom I lived over twenty years made contribution towards solving race problem and the civilization of Africa. They live side by side with us; know our faith, our loyalty, our honesty, sensitiveness; know things we prize most knowledge used for extension of God’s Kingdom”
“No first class educated African wants to be a White man. Every educated Negro wants to be a first class Negro, not third class European. Superiority complex is a tremendous mischief in Africa. If I am worried I go on my knees talk to God in my own language. Laughing is the way to go through life. It is the positive side of Christ’s law of peaceful resistance.”
I prefer to be a Spokesman for my entire country: Africa, my Africa.”
“You never beat prejudice by frontal attack because mere emotion at the root of it. Always flank it. You catch more flies with molasses than with the vinegar. I receive kicks from both sides – white and black. But all of that is in the day’s work. One needn’t be surprised.”Only the best is good for Africa.” Aggrey was a far-sighted man. Those who doubted his words lived to see the truth therein in the end. He compared Africa to the Sleeping Beauty, and asserted his confidence in her future that she would one day wake up to find herself very important in the comity of nations. This he put in a letter to Dr. Jesse Jones, a highly reputed American minister of religion and a great intellectual, who was Aggrey’s great friend. “It seems to me,” he wrote to Dr. Jones in September, 1919, “this is psychological moment for Africa. and I believe you are destined metaphorically to stoop down and kiss Sleeping Beauty Africa back to life from her centuries of sleep.” Dr. Jones confessed what Aggrey said seemed gross exaggeration to him; “they were fantastic imaginations of an emotional African. I believe in Aggrey, I could not share his forecasts.” But came to see Aggrey was right looking back on the gratifying results that followed the Commission, wrote; “In answer to my own doubts and in acknowledgement of my error, I here record that Aggrey’s dreams have come true with almost miraculous accuracy. Signs of the future indicate that they will continue in their realization until Aggrey’s Africa will take its place amongst the continents of the world.”Aggrey, for all his greatness, was a man of simple life even when the Headmaster of the most outstanding school in his time in 1895. He always washed his own clothes although his younger brother, Awir, “as soon as he began clerkship, employed a laundress.”
While in America as a professor, in spite of illness he preached four times every Sunday.“I did not want to disappoint the public, so I told sickness to hold off for a day, and Monday it returned with a vengeance.” He was a man full of humour, one whose sense of humour captivated and subdued the intentions of his enemies. Once, as Assistant Vice-Principal, at Achimota, he proceeded to Sierra Leone to represent the College at the Centenary Celebrations of Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone. The situation was delicate, but occasion important. Aggrey had many friends in Freetown, but some of these friends, and several others, (rightly) looked askance at Achimota. Fourah Bay College had long
occupied the pre-eminent position on the West Coast, its graduates were to be found everywhere in West Africa, and consequently it stood emphatically for the academic tradition in education, at least in West Africa. It was affiliated to Durham University in Great Britain. On the contrary, Achimota was not first nor second college in Gold Coast looked on as upstart; ideals unlike Fourah Bay ideals. Aggrey was expected to attend a conference at Fourah Bay College as a spokesman of a serious competitor Achimota. It was feared that he would be mobbed and killed. It required the tact, shrewdness, and intelligence, which could be Aggrey’s alone. He got up and started, “My case reminds me of a young girl who returned home from a party and told her father that a young man had kissed her. Her father said, “how many times did he kiss you?” She looked into his face and replied: “Father, I came to confess, not to boast.” He had come, Aggrey continued, “ not to boast of Achimota, but to confess what debt Achimota, Gold Coast, owed to Fourah Bay College. Fourah Bay College stands to the Gold Coast as the symbol of the African’s educational capacity.” It is recorded that “after the speech every door and every heart was open to him”. Between November 19th and December 4th, he was called upon to deliver twenty-four speeches. Enough said so far of “Aggrey the Great” himself, and something now must be said about his family or private life. Aggrey was married to a young pretty and learned American negress, a Miss Rosebud Douglas of Portsmouth, USA and the wedding took place on November 8th, 1905, at Portsmouth. Within five years of marriage, three children were born to them, namely, Abena Azalea (1907), Kwegyir (1908), and Rosebud (1910). On 24th July, 1926 a fourth child was born, Orson Rudolf Guggisberg. Aggrey was a great lover of children, and took great pains to train his children, advising them on how to be careful in life his end was drawing near. Aggrey, a co-founder of Achimota College, first in many examinations he took; holder of degrees of Master of Arts (Livingstone College), Doctor of Divinity (Hood Theological Seminary), Master of Arts (Columbia), Doctor of Philosophy (Columbia holder of many diplomas, joined staff of Achimota in July, 1924. He left for America in July, 1926, returned in November that year. Achimota (Gold Coast) his dream, was formally opened on 28th January, 1927, and in May that year he left for England and America once more, only to die on 30th July of pneumococcal meningitis.
His death was a sad but great affair; he was mourned in all the continents. Two thousand mourners, white and black, attended the service in the auditorium of Livingstone College. Bishop W. J. Walls conducted the service, and tributes were paid by many dignatories, including Dr. W.H. Goler, ex-President of the College, Professor Branley of Shaw University, Dr. Jesse Jones, Bishop W.W. Jones, Dr. George E. Davis of the State Department of Public Instruction, and Dr. S. G. Aikins, President of the Teachers’ College at Winston-Salem.
|Death:||Jul. 30, 1927
New York, USA
Son of Kodwo Kwegyir Aggrey & Abna Andua, he was born in Anamabu, Ghana, West Africa.Married Rosebud “Rose” Douglass on November 8, 1905Father of: Abna Azalea (Aggrey) Lancaster(1907-1997)
Kwegyir Aggrey (1908-1986)
Rosebud Douglass Aggrey (1910-1990)
Orison Rudolph Aggrey (1926- )
The honorary pall-bearers were all white citizens of Salisbury: Mr. E.C. Gregory the exMayor, A.L. Smoot, Mr. J.M. McCorkle, Mr. A Buerbaum, Mr. W.H. Leonard and Mr. J.C. Kasler. In Europe, Africa, Asia, America and Australia similar ovations and last respects were offered in his honour: and in the Gold Coast (the land of his birth), every town and village observed his death by weeping and mourning.
For that was the physical end of the man everybody loved, the man who apparently never had an enemy, and the man whose talent and virtues were admired by all classes of the society.
The Aggrey Students’ Society, formed in April, 1928, in America and the Gold Coast, and the Aggrey House, Achimota (Ghana), together with millions of Africans and Europeans who admire his noble achievements will always make Aggrey immortal, and inspire those of later generations to further greatness.
Anomabo beach source:
Dr J E Kwegyir Aggrey is Special
Mount Everest. Ghanaian see, Kwame Nkrumah considered justifiably Mount Everest, Kwegyir Aggrey is delegated to Second Highest Peak in the Himalayas of national and international esteem. Inspiration-wise, Kwegyir Aggrey has no rivals, for Kwame Nkrumah inspired nations, Aggrey inspired internationals, including Kwame Nkrumah when he was a student at Achimota College. Read and see, New African Survey highly respected London-based international journal, New African, with a worldwide readership of more than 200,000 results of a 12-month long survey regarding who the readers thought were ‘THE 100 GREATEST AFRICANS OF ALL TIME’. The Editor asked readers to state why they voted as they did. Commenting on votes, and attached reasons show why they voted as they did, New African’s brilliant Editor Mr Baffour Ankomah, said ‘The total shows Nelson Mandela is No. 1 Greatest African of all time closely followed by Nkrumah ‘Ankomah says in some respect ‘results disappoint’ (New African August/September 2004, page 14). Readers voted 5 Ghanaians, 2 (Yaa Asantewa & Kwame Nkrumah) late Kofi Annan, Abedi Pele, plus myself in their list, giving their reasons for their choice -reasons published order of merit. As I read list I shared Baffour Ankomah’s disappointment wrote letter to Editor, published in very next issue, October 2004, page 4. Aggrey Of Africa surprised to find my name among “100 Greatest Africans of all time” more surprised Aggrey of Africa not mentioned at all, made me agree totally with comment (New African August/September 2004) ‘in certain respects the results are disappointing.’ I make two pleas: First, my name be replaced by Dr James E K Aggrey to write article for subsequent issue of New African to help the readers world-wide to realise why a great man called ‘Aggrey of Africa’, unknown by many today. Felix I D Konotey-Ahulu, London, UK On page 50 of same October 2004 issue of the magazine, the Editor published article reproduced around date plaque was unveiled at Anomabo in honour of Dr Kwegyir Aggrey and others who made Ghana proud. The man Dr James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey the title ‘Aggrey of Africa’ but he was an early 20th Century phenomenon. I first heard of his name from my father many decades ago. Aggrey was born a mere 15 miles from Cape Coast, at Anomabo, in Ghana on 18th October 1875. His father was Prince Kodwo Kwegyir, chief linguist in the court of King Amonu V of Anomabo, and mother Abena Andua, was a princess of Ajumako. Aggrey’s father was also an expert goldsmith.
Aggrey held essential part of education was training the mind, encouraging good character, and being original. Aggrey could think on his feet. He was not a ‘by heart’ man; this was what most amazed his audience, both white and black. Lectures brilliantly given could be thought to have been carefully prepared for the sole aim of making an impression, but come question time after lecture, if he did not know what he would be quizzed on, Aggrey was even more brilliant in the lecture itself. His knowledge encyclopaedic. Co-operation in the right measure Aggrey believed in co-operation which involved equality of opportunity. ‘It means that each side has something to contribute – something more than brawn on one side, brain on the other – to the well being of both’. [Please read that again; I love it!] Hence his famous piano keys illustration on the badge of Achimota School. ‘You can play a tune of sorts on the black keys only, and you can play a tune of sorts on the white keys only, but for perfect harmony, you must use both the black and the white keys’, Aggrey said. The co-operation he was calling for between whites and blacks was not that between an ass and its rider. I always like to think of his piano keys illustration as depicting what he (black key) and Fraser and Guggisberg (white keys) managed to achieve in brings Achimota School about. Aggrey’s humility of the man’s humility too is worth mentioning, he took his fellow Fante, Rev Anaman, by surprise by polishing Anaman’s shoes when he spent the weekend with him. On a sea voyage to South Africa, a ship’s white steward insisted separating Aggrey from the white people by giving him his own table far away from every body, to embarrassment of colleagues, Aggrey later remarked: ‘They thought they were punishing me, but who else had a table all by himself?’ Aggrey’s Ambition for Africa Kwegyir Aggrey’s burning ambition for his continent – described as enigmatic, pointing out its shape on the map as posing a question of burning ambition is demonstrated in the following story he narrated. Read carefully: A certain man went through a forest seeking any bird he might find. He caught a young bird, brought it home, and put it among his fowls and ducks and turkeys, and gave it chicken’s food to eat. Five years later, a naturalist came to visit the man, and noticed the bird. He said to the owner; ‘Look here, this is an eagle, not a chicken.’ The man replied ‘Yes, you may well be right, but I have trained it to be a chicken. It is no longer an eagle; it is a chicken though it is enormous’. Said naturalist: ‘No, it is an eagle, it has the heart of an eagle, and I shall make it soar high to the heavens’. The owner comes back with a retort: ‘No, it is now a chicken, and it will never fly.’ They agreed to test it. The naturalist picked up the bird, held it up, and said loudly: ‘Eagle, thou art an eagle; thou dost belong to the sky and not down here. Stretch out thy wings and fly’, and with that he hurled the bird up. The eagle turned this way and that, and then looking down, saw the chickens eating, and came to join them. The owner said: ‘I told you it is now a chicken’. ‘No’, said the naturalist, ‘This bird is an eagle. I shall come back and prove this to you’. The exercise was repeated three times, with the same result. The bird always came back to feed with the chickens. The naturalist returned yet again, chose a hill, and held the bird aloft, pointing it to the rising sun, and shouted ‘Eagle! Thou art an eagle; thou dost not belong down here. Thou dost belong to the sky; stretch forth thy wings, and fly!’ The eagle looked round, trembled as if new life was filling it, and suddenly it stretched out its wings, and with the screech of an eagle, it mounted higher, and higher, and never returned. It was really an eagle, though it had been kept and tamed as a chicken! ‘My people of Africa’ Aggrey continued ‘were created in image of God, but men make us think we are chickens, and still think we are, but we are eagles. Stretch forth your wings and fly! Don’t be content with food of chickens.’ Opening of Achimota College Final Journey Achimota School was opened in 1927, and Aggrey went to USA lecturing, preaching, completing a book in Columbia University. He fell ill on 30 July 1927 from meningococcal meningitis in New York, and died very quickly. Great lamentation was made on both sides of the Atlantic. Tributes included that of one his best friends, Dr Jesse Jones. The honorary pall bearers who carried his coffin were all white citizens of Salisbury, USA – a real token of Aggrey’s influence in the community in days of ‘Colour Bar’. He is a Source of Immense Inspiration His ability to inspire Africans, especially Ghanaians never abated. There is an Aggrey House in Achimota, Aggrey Memorial Chapel, and the country has an Aggrey-Fraser-Guggisberg Lecture series. There is an Aggrey Memorial School, a Kwegyyir Aggrey Annual Prize Examination at the University of Cape Coast, linked to the Personal Distinguished Professorship graciously bestowed on me a Professor Samuel K Adjepong, Vice Chancellor. We must never forget Kwegyir Aggrey. Kwame Nkrumah’s statement ‘A greater than Aggrey is here’, history established Nkrumah a great judging not only from blow dealt Colonialism but from way he made Black Diaspora proud. African voters place Kwame Nkrumah second to Nelson Mandela, in their list of ‘ONE HUNDRED GREATEST AFRICANS OF ALL TIME’ indicating he is really great. James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey is rather special, inspiration lengthens with time: Apart from inspiring Nkrumah himself, Kwegyir Aggrey inspired and taught D A Chapman Nyaho, who inspired, taught K B Asante, who inspired and taught me Physics in Achimota School me, who (I’m told) inspired my students, who in turn are inspiring their students. Thus Kwegyir Aggrey’s inspiration chain progresses. His name is yet alive. Just GOOGLE Search the name ‘Kwegyir Aggrey’ on the Internet, and you find man marches on. Anomabo. It is most fitting, as reported by Ghana News Agency on Jan. 8 2007, that ‘Memorial plaques to honour 3 heroes of Anomabo great exemplary contributions made to country, be unveiled on February 24, by President John Agyekum Kufuor as part of the Golden Jubilee Celebration of nationhood. Dr Kwegyir Aggrey, the visionary philosopher and educationist, George Ekem-Ferguson, the celebrated surveyor, credited with the survey of the area that became the Gold Coast, and Nana Amoonoo V, the Anomabo chief, who led other traditional rulers in the Colony to sign the Bond of 1844’. We say ‘Ayekoo!’ to Anomabo Association and Traditional Area, Paramout Chief and other Chiefs for bringing this to pass. Gratitude of Kwegyir Aggrey’s Relatives in USA There are 4 surviving generations of Kwegyir, Rose Aggrey’s relatives living in USA today. Rudolph, the last of the 4 children is yet alive, and has one daughter Roxane Rose Aggrey not married. Middle children Kwegyir, Rosebud Douglass Aggrey no children. Abna Azalea Aggrey Lancaster, eldest of childen of Kwegyir & Rose Aggrey, had three girls Raemi Rosemarie Lancaster Evans, Carol Aggrey Lancaster Meeks, and Harriet Azalea Lancaster Graves [Generation-3 from Kwegyir Aggrey & Rose as Generation-1]. Raemi, married to Fred M Evans, and have a son Fred and daughter Janine [Generation-4] both with 2 children each [Generation-5] – Janine & Guanah Davis’ are Adria Marie & Lauryn Janine, while Fred & Evette Evans’ are called Kristen Maria and Fred Junior. Abna’s middle girl, Carol has a daughter Abigail who is married to Stewart Mitchell II, and they have just had another Generation-5 offspring, Stewart Mitchell III. Now, Harriet is married to Hubert C Graves, and have a daughter called Meredith Patrice Graves. I took note that Carol’s full name is Carol Aggrey Lancaster Meeks. Speaking to her on the telephone across The Atlantic, it was as if I felt the genetic acoustics of Aggrey of Africa percolating down the generations to me. They are all very, very, grateful that we in Ghana are remembering, in Golden Jubilee Year, Y/our beloved beloved James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey’s dearly beloved Rose. So am I.