PALM OIL’S WORLD HISTORY

15706519201323376503804768971247.jpgThe palm kernel is the edible seed of the oil palm fruit. The fruit yields two distinct oils: palm oil derived from the outer parts of the fruit, and palm kernel oil derived from kernel. Four types of products from palm fruits are palm oil palm kennel oil, palm kernel husk or fibre, palm kernel sludge and palm kernel shell crushed used as a biofuel from palm kernel nuts. The production of fats and oils from vegetable sources is the process of extraction of vegetable oils, pulp oils produced close to location of oil fruit tree. Pre-treatment of a palm fruit is cooked and the fruit is separated from bunch stalk. The oil is extracted by pressing, stirring by hand centrifuged.15706522931853525998838418182285.jpg The extracted pressed oils can be used for cooking and dried and pulp used as combustible material. Red Palm Oil in a semi solid state at room temperature is turned liquid at a warm temperature of the body and reduces build up of artery clogging plaques. Substituting other fats and oils for Red Palm Oil reduces bad cholesterol. Only 2 tablespoons full of a Red Palm Oil a day needed to benefit from healthy positive effects. Too much greasy oil food causes bad cholesterol15706518941072910073924305563785.jpg15706523259017526720814455555611.jpgRed edible palm oil is a very nutritious cooking oil is used by West Africans for years. It is known for the high contents of Vitamin E with more distinctive anti-oxidant benefits for our health. Palm oil is the flag ship product for export since 1950’s for the West Africans in diaspora as niche product. The benefits of edible palm oil provides the energy needed for production of palm kernel oil process yields used edible fats, soaps candles.15706540375737277640299754569592.jpgPalm oil is used for cooking oil, soaps, candles, margarines, candy. A healthy conscious people concerned about an atherosclerosis stay away from foods rich in saturated fats. Palm is used in confectionery, pharmaceutical, perfume industries. The pulp left after oil from the kernel is formed into “palm kernel cake” fibre used as high-protein feed for dairy cattle or burned in their boilers to generate electricity for palm oil mills or surrounding villages. Palm oil is mixed with clay straw built castles in places.15706566006917909993720545286503.jpgPalm oil vegetable oil is grouped into a category broadly as follows.  Seed oils from palm oil germ fibre are used after extracting palm oil and palm kernel oils. Palm fruit oil and palm kennel oil both as the world’s most produced oil. Palm oil is forecast is world’s most produced and internationally traded edible oil.
Apart from being use as cooking oil, Palm Oil also found in an astonishing range of processed foods and cosmetics.15706535105222023988644772620506.jpgSupermarket products contains palm oil as part . Engineers targeting for the use of agro fuels in Europe, China or North America are making palm oil a hotter commodity. Palm Oil is used to produce biodiesel. Manual processing of palm oil for centuries takes place globally. Whole villages are known for palm plantation and palm oil production globally. Their community has abundant palm trees so palm products plays prominent roles. 15706534817468219236276730459932.jpg15706530089714150645542904436474.jpgThe palm fruit is sold in market used in  the traditional method palm oil is done by hand involving many people. It is a long process from harvest of palm fruit to finished products. Millions of people use traditional processing to make palm oil. Authentic original palm processing boils, pounds fruits separated from the kennel seeds and the fibre. The husk is compressed and used as fire enhancer or straws to build castles by the Whites.15706531091386308259624896540580.jpg15706531760656801411446369805901.jpg15706530414433115345172981072350.jpg15706531995623200291729606335389.jpgThe villagers work in teams together to ensure palm oil is processed on time to keep its excellent quality in a fresh good condition. Machines are introduced to combine with these manual processing of many small scale industries. A latest developed palm fruit processing gadget technology modified mechanical palm oil or kernel extraction process today. It involves separation of the digested fruit mash to palm oil and palm nut. Pressed separated pulp from palm oil extraction is used as mosquito repellent in villages smoke filled room.15706520386074640352914106555652.jpg1570652107303863022797526537226.jpg15706530796525622755470493684892.jpgIMG_20191009_33609157065240247048307681822970888.jpg15707214469164325242281493055369.jpg15706524548056509202359592381041.jpg15706536775917976862947626024117.jpg15706529199191633090186054712202.jpgIMG-20191009-WA0005.jpg15706541448975660841913415108193.jpg1570652805915565624425964344295.jpg15706527581207076161408861407956.jpg15706526981953949071761727145106.jpg15706527299768024498615894087837.jpg15706533668134575461850538961457.jpg15706534482774496658163521283835.jpg15706536318227273062163711658922.jpg15706532975257879326069220296981.jpg15707217991351440742699380060086.jpg15706529686738958575593995054697.jpg15706534197847985349839654719709.jpg15706526480467103743540190144892.jpgDried palm kennel nuts cracked open is processed into palm kennel oil. Kennel shell is used for firewood or charcoal by blacksmiths and for cooking in a hearth fireplace. Often some Palm trees grow for many years until it is so tall climbed by expert tree climbers for harvest. The palm fruit is also processed cold press or raw palm fruits used. Palm oil from a raw palm fruit is not as tasty as a boiled palmfruit. Adds special seasoning spices or herbs to enhance the aroma flavour of cooked palm oil. Then cooked dregs are filtered and eaten as a palm oil dip with yams, cassava cocoa, plantain. And the highly nutritious oil full of vitamins. The purified oil is sold to many people globally. Raw palm oil enhanced to taste by frying onions, spices to make stews. 15706538512988308734538781915767.jpg1570653819111760165957753334812.jpg15706546687118507060490957611929.jpg15707216018576220598925542783709.jpgPalm oil is used in many recipes and is popular globally. The kernel cake is also used in ovens to cook food. Palm kernel cake is produced by economical screw press, less than more expensive solvent extraction. It is processed by small scale industries or the home made equipment from scrap metal pressed, using stones to weight it down. The compact fibre is used under plants to protect from heat, drought to moisten soil. Oil palm is big business. Palm kernel cake high-fibre is medium grade protein feed by product of palm oil ruminants. Fodders of palm kernel cake is ranked little higher than cake and husk. Composed of 16% fiber, palm kernel cake has high phosphorus to calcium ratio and contains essential elements as magnesium, iron or zinc.  The typical ration formulated for the feeding of dairy cattle consists of palm kernel cake (50%), molasses (5%), grass hay (42%), limestone (1.5%), mineral premix (1%), and salt (0.5%), with trace element/vitamin premix.20191009_215250.jpgOil palm fibre is equivalent to coconut fiber at competitive price. Oil palm fiber non-hazardous biodegradable material extracted from oil palm’s empty fruit bunch (EFB) through uses decortation process. The fibers are clean and non-carcinogenic, free from pesticides and soft parenchyma cells. Palm fibres are versatile, stable processed into various dimensional grades to suit the specific applications such as mattress cushion production, erosion control and for soil stabilization / compaction, landscaping, horticulture, ceramic used in the brick manufacturing, thermoplastic filler, flat board manufacturing, paper production acoustics control, livestock care, and is a compost or fertilizer, animal feed, etc. IMG-20191009-WA0006.jpgSumptuous palm fruit soup recipes are major meals eaten with fufu, banku or gari, Kenkey. By product of Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) are used for Wood plastic Medium Density Fibre board (MDF), for Erosion control, landscaping. Leading producers of palm oil in world oil palm fiber abundantly resources. Oil palm fiber used in different areas common usage is in asphalt mixes. The Oil Palm Fiber is extracted from the palm oil vascular bundles in empty fruit bunch (EFB). In the manufacturing process of Palm Fiber, EFB shredded, separated, refined and dried. The manufacturing process does not involve any chemical reaction or exposure so material clean so non-toxic. Economic environmental benefits tapped from oil palm industry waste for Energy and Green Technology. Right innovative technology potential in generating electricity with the economic and environmental benefits from biogas and biomass. Palm Oil Mills earn money converting biomass EFB to higher-value renewable fuels chemicals, reducing greenhouse gas emissions.1570653699384258625274659884593.jpgPalm fruit bunches (FFB) are processed raw uncooked as soon as possible after cutting down from the trees to prevent rapid rise in free fatty acids (FFA) affect quality of crude palm oil (CPO). Palm oil mills located in the plantations facilitate timely transportation effective processing of FFB. Palm oil mills located in palm oil milling process of physical extraction of palm products crude palm oil, palm kernel from FFB. The process begins with sterilization of the FFB. The fruit bunches steamed in pressurized vessels and fatty acids prepared fruits for sub-processing. Bunches stripped of fruit in rotating drum thresher stripped bunches or empty fruit bunches (EFB) transported to plantation for mulching so fruits conveyed to press digesters.15706539370591606996776675537061.jpgPalm fruits heated using live steam and is stirred to loosen oil-bearing mesocarp from the nuts to break open the oil cells in the mesocarp. The mash is pressed to extract oil by means of screw presses so the pressed cake is conveyed to kernel plant and kernels are recovered. The oil from the press is diluted and pumped to vertical clarifier tanks. The clarified oil is fed to the purifiers to remove dirt and moisture dried in the vacuum drier. The clean dry oil is ready for storage and is despatched. The sludge from clarifier sediment is fed into a bowl centrifuged for further oil recovery. The recovered oil is recycled to clarifiers so the water / sludge Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) is treated in effluent treatment plant (ETP) further. The press cake is conveyed to depericarper where the fiber and nuts are separated. Fiber is burned as fuel in boiler to generate steam as nuts cracked shell and kernel separated by winnower and hydro-cyclone. Then clean kernels are dried prior to storage for oil later.15706522666875080660915981808681.jpgPalm oil production in metric tons of oil by industries and small-scale processors contribute to 60% crude of the palm oil production. Most countries are not self-sufficient in fats and oils for industrial consumption. The palm oil produced by small-scale processors are utilized by the larger scale industries explored and causes identified the way to address the situation assessed. And the practices of small-scale oil palm fruit processors has shown storage of palm fruits for a long period before boiling. Then disposed of effluent into drains using spent tyres for boiling fruits clarification of oil. 54% of processors store palm fruits weeks by processing, fermentation, to increase extractability and reduce labour costs. Storage period of quality affect quantity of seasonal oil content of oil palm fruits. Innovation in small-scale oil palm fruit processing will improve quality of life.15706517110758696765975411672584.jpgThe history of palm oil production dates back thousands of years, with the oldest record of its use from 3,000 BC. In late 1800s archaeologists discovered palm oil in a tomb located in Abydos, Egypt. It is believed Arab traders brought the oil to Egypt. A fresh fruit bunch (FFB). The variety shown in this picture is called Tenera. Palm oil is extracted from each of the individual fruits contained on the bunch. In 3.000 BC the mass of several kilograms of palm oil found in a vessel enclosed in a tomb at Abydos. In Middle 15th Century written records of palm oil used as a local food source by European travelers to West Africa. By 16th & 17th Century red palm oil an important item in the developing trade network used in supplying caravans or ships of Atlantic slave trade. In the 18th Century British industrial revolution created a palm oil demand for candle-making or lubricant for machines supplied by exports from West Africa. In 19th Century European run plantations set up in Central Africa and Southeast Asia traded the palm oil.15706539056746807580998390183146.jpgIn 1902 Germans invested in Cameroon after the discovery of the Tenera breed of palm oil. This high-yielding breed is used today in large-scale plantations. In  1910 Palm oil introduced to Malaysia by a Scotsman named William Sime and an Englishman Henry Darby. Between 1940 and 1960 technological improvement in edible oil refining and transport driven use of unrefined unhydrogenated palm oil in western foods. 1970-1990 Malaysia emerged as the worlds largest palm oil producer. By 1990 global production of palm oil reached more than 11 million metric tonnes. Palm oil primary source of dietary fat for countless people has nutritional and healing properties.15707025711802215076446866121332.jpg 15707023867614656298759665449622.jpgIt is recognised for generations till modern medicine arrived. Red palm oil was the remedy of choice for nearly all illness in many parts of Africa. If someone is sick they drank a cup full of palm oil. Many people in villages rely on such age-old method of treatment. And Palm oil is regarded essential diet for pregnant and nursing women for assured good health of mother and child. Scientists recognise value of red palm oil in treatment or prevention of diseases. Scientific presentation International Conference Centre Birmingham Biomedical Science Congress, Dr. Oluwafemi O. Oguntibeju, Department, Biomedical Sciences, said. Faculty of Health & Wellness Sciences, Cape Peninsula University, Technology, Bellville Campus, South Africa further elucidated potential of red palm oil in moderation in the healing process body.1570653776803564907221306921431.jpg

Scientifically palm oil Elaeis Guineensis is super abundantly used in West Africa. Archaeological evidence on the palm oil consumption was found in Egypt over 5000 years ago. Essentially contains rich naturally balanced mixture of saturated monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats providing high level of bioavaliable nutrients than other vegetable sources. Like coconut, olive oil, palm oil is rich in medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), that mobilise body fat stores,increasing the metabolic rate as great source of energy. Palm oil is a rich source of antioxidants, especially Vitamin E. Health benefits of Vitamin E are known but Vitamin E has a complex constituents broken into the two groups of: tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) and the tocotrienols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta). While alpha tocopherol form most commonly marketed as Vitamin E, full spectrum of tocoperols and tocotrienols are required for optimal assimilation. And the super-antioxidant tocotrienols are important for optimal health. Natural antioxidants free radical plays the protective role in cellular aging, atherosclerosis, cancer, arthritis and Alzheimer’s disease.15706537529773419511003640038535.jpgResearchers believe the tocopherols and tocotrienols together provide necessary constituents to help limit damage from heart attack. Red palm oil supplies fatty acids essential for proper growth and development packed with assortment of vitamins, antioxidants, phytonutrients important for good health. So red colour comes from carotenes or beta-carotene and lycopene nutrients in tomatoes and carrots, other fruits, vegetables rich red and orange colours. Carotene’s valuable nutrients and powerful antioxidants are important because body converts into Vitamin A essential nutrient. Vitamin A deficiency can cause blindness, weaken bones, lower immunity, affect learning ability and mental function. Vitamin A in animal foods expensive some vegans want ban or cruelty in animal habitats.15707025212438153787872091408675.jpg 15707023009553670867157174083217.jpg15707023485737659382483707018386.jpg15707176753381643729453294235136.jpgwp-1570741499587.jpgIMG-20191010-WA0005.jpgIMG-20191010-WA0003.jpg15707183188916186410944286321541.jpg20191010_152936.jpgIMG-20191010-WA0004.jpg15707178683191311551244837819910.jpg15707179328823524300200961852299.jpg15707182551946714893949256711393.jpgIMG-20191009-WA0004.jpg15707180654631981086166843417443.jpg15707211799281650153418785419437.jpg15707249146877329145770675166689.jpg15707250221878825410605637871063.jpg1570724333720225742802031718484.jpg20191010_171100.jpgwp-1570727828248.jpgwp-1570727791770.jpg15707239639317669594999625097790.jpg15707266362638432679305406668006.jpg15707268852772449390352852451927.jpg1570726148206947713565204450155.jpg15707270696093181152666151376351.jpgCarotenes in fruits and palm vegetables supply needed Vitamin A in adequate amount of the fat consumed. Carotenes fat converted into Vitamin A. People need healthy product palm fat in small doses. Around 90% of palm oil is used in food culinary purposes in the cosmetics, shampoos and soaps. Palm oil popular biofuel. Traditional African medicine uses these Elaeis guineensis as laxative stimulates production of urine, poison antidote, can cure gonorrhoea, treat skin infection. But not harmless as studies link palm oil to cardiovascular diseases. To produce palm oil the fruit is collected from trees, which live average of 28 to 30 year. If trees grow too high it is difficult to reach fruit so cut down to make room for new trees contributing to the deforestation of the rainforests.20191012_105325.jpgPalm nut fiber separator machine and the palm fiber polishing machine called palm nut fibre separator machine.The palm nut fibre separator machine is an inclined cylindrical revolving machine used for separating the palm nuts from fibers. These palm nut fibre separators machine have screens in various sizes from which fibers escape, leaving nuts behind. The separated nuts are collected in cylindrical screen and bottom. Work principle of palm nut fiber separator machine: The palm nut fiber separator machine inclined cylindrical revolving machine heaves all around suitable size screen from fibres but palm nuts do not escape. Travelling mixture from upper end to lower end of the machine fibres escape from cylindrical screen as palm nuts are collected from the lower end of the nut fibre separator.20191012_105224.jpgPalm nut fiber separator is produced by Henan Doing Company to sell to small scale industries. Larger and heavier duty industrial machines exist churning tons if palm fibre in the processing of pal oil.  Fibres are used in the boiler as fuel. Palm nuts are sold out to palm kernel oil mill where they crack palm nuts to get palm kernels extract so palm kernels used for palm kernel oil.20191012_105131.jpgPalm nuts are used in a palm kernel oil mill plant for extracting palm kernel oil. Palm kernel cracked, separated by machine cleaning crushing, cooking and pressing. Small scale palm oil mill plant palm nut fiber separator machine is dispensable. Those who want to get palm kernel oil expand production with enough budget can buy palm nut fiber separator machine. Palm kernel cracking and separating machine.20191012_105017.jpgPalm nut fibre separator machine is a next process palm kernel oil processing machine for palm kernel cracking and separating machine. This palm kernel cracking and separating machine is also specially and newly developed to be used for cracking and separating palm nuts. It consists of palm nuts cracking machine, palm nuts kernel separator machine. Palm nuts cracking machine is mainly applicable for dividing the palm kernels into the outer hard shell with high efficiency. The palm nuts kernel separating machine is for separating the palm nuts kernels from the cracked shells clearly and completely. Despite modern industrial developments of this technology majority of people still use ancient traditional harvesting of palm fruit and processing manually. Involves the whole family or a cooperative small scale industry in their communities. Yet some campaign to curb overuse of lands destroying habitats of over 200 species of animals. Professional palm kernel oil extraction machine palm kernel crusher and separator also reduce employment as fewer people needed compared to the manual process. Overall palm oil is a good investment if properly managed. The other side of the coin is tons of the one use only plastic container wastes if not recycled for other purposes. 

GOD KNOWS YOU BY NAME

15696018096118520238093821280294.jpgGod called Moses in Exodus 2:1-6 in the burning bush by name ‘Moses! Moses in verse 4. God knew and called Moses by name for God knew Moses by name and God knows your name too. In Exodus 33:17 the LORD God told Moses I will do the thing you asked for you found grace in my sight and I know you by name.15695936359615921057643056964170.jpg1 Samuel 3:1-10 says God called Samuel by name five times that night. Samuel’s name is known by God who knows your name too. Jesus after death when ladies at His tomb told by angel, “Go tell the disciples and PETER, Jesus is going ahead of you to Galilee in Mark 16:7.  Peter is named by Jesus and God knows your name too. Be confident God knows your name to care in HIS LOVE for you.15695930491324585302263683787082.jpgtumblr_ca0a2765cf4867f498a1ffd18607a767_81b9a534_540.gif15695928353085138114838400789948.jpg15695937154576726216725543685279.jpgIsaiah 43:1 – Bible says in Jeremiah 1:5 Before God formed you in the womb He knows you, before you were born God sanctified you, ordained you prophet to the nations. Before you were born God called you from birth and mentioned you by name in Isaiah 49:1-26. Listen, O isles, hearken people from far. The LORD called Isaiah from the womb so God mentioned Isaiah by his name.IMG-20190927-WA0003.jpgIsaiah 43:1-28, The LORD God created you Jacob and He formed you O Israel, Fear not, God redeemed you and called you by your name as God’s property. In John 10:14-15, The GOOD SHEPHERD is God HE knows HIS sheep and HIS sheep know God and hear HIS VOICE daily.15695927732523471099889250649876.jpg15696018479875481401615843368842.jpgIn John 10:3, the Good Shepherd Jesus the door opens and the sheep hear His voice. Calls His own sheep by name and leads them into green pastures. Psalms 139:1 – 127:24, in the Psalm of David, O LORD you searched me and know me. It is written in Psalms 91:14, Because you set your love on God, therefore God will deliver you and set him on high because you know God Elohim Jehovah’s Name.IMG-20190925-WA0001.jpgIn Isaiah 43:2, When you pass through the waters I will be with you through rivers they shall not overflow you. When you walk through fire you will not be burnt or flames burn you. Isaiah 43:7 Says everyone called by MY NAME is created for God’s GLORY formed by God WHO made him. Exodus 33:17 The LORD told Moses I will show you MY GLORY as you said for you found grace in my sight and I know you by your name.20190927_153428.jpgMoses negotiates with God to lead Israel by cloud in the day and by fire at night. Moses no longer carried the burden of leading the people allowed Moses rest to let people God tells them to move or to stop. Moses told “the LORD lead the people so everyone will know You are leading us.” God’s response in Exodus 33:17 is I will do what you ask because I know you. God knows Moses and Moses knows God will do as HE said HE will do for Moses trusts who God knows Moses. 15696020670754183882991775581690.jpgThe LORD assured Moses HIS Presence will go with Israel and responded with these words in Exodus 33:17: “I will do this thing you spoke of you found grace and favour in My sight, I know you by name.” This profound statement and is confidence boosting for Moses under so much pressure from people. This truth from to Moses is significant in our lives. Leaders find people look up to them not God to settle problems. So may not seek answers in Bible for guidance look for others for advise them. God is needed despite angelic help for journey to help with challenges of life in Promised land. 15696016206507657032653170389037.jpgMoses said, “If You know my name and I find grace in Your sight be with us. The LORD knows your name HIS favour on you to truly to experience HIS presence, grace in life, family, work or future. God knew all his mistakes, his anger, pride, murder, grief of loss of Miriam, his need for a new leader to help. God knows us by name. God knows moment from time knitted in womb and named. When we feel lonely God knows we are not alone for the Father God is with us. And Jesus promised to be with us to the end. God leads and gives rest. We trust God to be with us shows up in HIS Shekinah Glory to reveal His presence to give us hope.15696015692418302686744808717505.jpgRevelation 20:15, says God knows those whose are found written in the book of life but those found cast in a lake of fire. God sees good deeds in secret. Matthew 6:4-8, says all your gifts in secret Father see in secret to reward you openly. The Almighty God, Creator of the Universe created you in HIS OWN IMAGE knows your name each hair on your head. He knows details of your life and loves you, wants to spend time with you. So God is part of your life as you are in HIS Image you have God’s inbuilt nature, qualities of God. All who call upon the Name of the LORD shall be saved in Jesus Name156960351765152153874966760369.jpgIn Isaiah 43:1-28 The Lord who created you Jacob and formed you O Israel: says “Fear not for I redeemed you and called you by name you are mine. And when you pass through the waters I will be with you and through the rivers they will not overwhelm you; when you walk through fire you will not be burned and the flame shall not consume you. For I AM the Lord your God the Holy One of Israel, your Saviour. I give Egypt as your ransom Cush and Seba in exchange for you. You are precious to me, honoured and I love you, I give men in return for you in exchange for your life. Fear not, for I AM with you and I will bring your offspring from the east and west. I will gather your children from the north.15695940672132046145896182366750.jpgIn John 10:14-15 Jesus as good shepherd knows His own and His own know Him  the Father knows Jesus and Jesus knows the Father and He lays down His life for His sheep. In John 10:3 His sheep hears His Voice, and He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. Psalm 139:1-24 says,  LORD, you search and know me you know when I sit down or when I rise up. You discern my thoughts from afar. You search out my path and my lying down and acquainted with all my ways. Before I speak the words on my tongue O LORD you know it. Your hedge of protection is behind and before me to and keep your hands upon me. God.15696016868903921635021051869826.jpgIn Psalm 91:14 “Because we hold fast to God in love He will deliver and protect us because we knows God’s Name. And  Isaiah 49:1-26 says Listen O coastlands, give attention people from far. God has called me from my mother’s womb and named me. He made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of HIS hand he hid me, made me a polished arrow in HIS quiver he hides me. God said, “You are God’s servant in whom Israel will be glorified.” I said, “I laboured in vain and spent my strength for nothing in vain its LORD God who will recompense me. So the LORD formed Isaiah from the womb to be his servant to bring Jacob back to HIM and Israel gathered to him. Isaiah is honoured in the eyes of the LORD and God is our strength in Jesus Name. 

GOD SAID TAKE OFF JEWELS

15688799791249154926920231695478.jpgGod told Israel to take off jewelry ornaments by Mount Horeb in Exodus 33:6. Israelites told to strip themselves of their jewelry to stop wearing it due to their stiff neckedness that made God angry. God’s authority as gold provider  teaches them to be humble not insolent because they dress in luxury gold. God forced them to be accountable for their stiff necked behaviour in life to reflect on their actions. So must appear in deep mourning repent of their circumstances as God told Moses. They cried at the sad news Moses relayed but remorse requires practice of a demure, sombre, silence to signify sorrow, grief and regret. Luxury jewels, trinkets, ornaments taken off, hairstyle kept simple, covered or shaved to be humble in the sight of God. Some wear sandals or walk barefoot in sackcloth as sign of humility to seek face of God in prayer of repentance. Humble penitence pleases God if mankind strips off excess to lay themselves bare before God to enter HIS Presence in the temple in silence. Its a deep reflection to seek God’s grace, mercy and forgiveness to search their heart, soul in repentance. God’s decision is not cruelty but of pity and mercy of God’s concern and love for them to change. Faces must show grief, tears or grievous sighs, groaning, sobs pleading for remission of sins, promises of eternal life in Christ. God required Israelites to show true remorse in their appearance in anguish of souls at the foot of Mount Horeb. God warned them about their stiff-neckedness that results in punishment from God. Isaiah 2:19-22 in Bible says people hide in caves, holes, rocks in fear of the LORD’S GLORY and Majesty as HE rises to shake earth. 20 That day people will cast idols of silver, gold made to worship to moles and cave bats. Revelation 6:15-17 kings of the earth, princes, generals, rich, mighty, slave, free hide in caves of rocks, mountains. 16 They call mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of God who sits on the throne and from wrath of the Lamb. 17 The great day of wrath has come and who can stand God?”IMG-20190919-WA0000.jpgAs Revelation 6:15-17 says The kings of earth, princes, generals, rich, mighty, slave or free hide in caves among rocks of mountains. 16 They call on mountain and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of God who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb. 17 The great day of wrath has come who can stand God?” God expects humility to see external physical norms associated with sadness or grief and sorrow. God told Moses to tell them to put off ornaments until God decides what to do with Israel to move on as God instructed Moses. This God’s command was to a “stiff neck” people in time of anger against their rebellion. It does not mean Christians must never wear gold. Neither are ornaments to be a centre of focus for wrong reasons of a negative attention seeking behaviour. In 1 Timothy 2:9 he warns Church women to dress in moderation compared to the vulgar outlandish costumes to draw an attention of moral decadence. In 1 Peter 3:3 the problems of affluence in Church meant adornment outwardly arranging the hair, wearing gold putting on fine apparels became competition to outdo each other to show off even in giving. It  is still an issue as Peter is talking about modesty in dress and moderation in all things. Jewelry is good as God adorns His Bride with jewels in prophecy living in Golden heavenly city bedazzled with precious jewel in New Heaven and New earth freely given to all those in Christ.15691430577836522483842083837573.jpgBut going and spending too much time preparing self with gold to look bizarre to impress to seduce in the presence of God’s house is at the heart of the matter. Gold is good to Glorify God at the heart of worship in Church in His Presence so is not fashion catwalk. Christians live in a world of luxury and decadence Peter warned of the danger of lack of modesty in adornment in the Church. A senseless extravagance to show off is not modesty to focus on God for their selfless service of goodness. Bible says Christians to be adorned modestly in humility. Timothy says ladies in church adorn your heart.  I Timothy 2:9 says wear modest apparel and be properly covered. In moderation use simple braid hair, gold, pearls not a costly clothing to show off wealth. These passages confirm the notion of stripping off fine jewels and rich clothes in times of deep grief and humiliation in Micah 1:8. To wail and howl; strip in sackcloth or simple clothes to make wailing sound of mourning required by a sincere grief. In Numbers 31:50 some gave offering to the LORD gold articles, armlet bracelets, signet rings earrings, necklaces to make atonement before the LORD. 51 Moses and Eleazar the priest accepted gold, all crafted articles. 52 from commanders of thousands, commanders of hundreds so Moses and Eleazar presented gifts to the LORD weighed 16,750 shekels. 53 From soldier’s plunder. 54 Moses and Eleazar the priest took gold to tent of meeting as memorial of Israelites before the LORD.15688437892126007227081830922345.jpgIMG-20190918-WA0010.jpg20190922_072843.jpgIMG-20190918-WA0011.jpg15691434028886680607314834921558.jpgIMG-20190918-WA0014.jpgGodly sorrow and mourning has a hope of eternal life and given precious jewels. Church is not a time for fashion parades to show off gold wealth. Or of changing clothes many times during sad funerals like a wedding feast. Costs thousands to those planning funeral to spend money after death but not in the lifetime. Deep grief or sorrow strips fineries of life in sadness for a season. God expects life to return to normal after the time of sorrow and grief. In 1 Samuel 19:24 the extreme deep devotional exercise of Saul under prophetic influence strips him bare before God. Israel is humbled by God. Ancient Jewish name יהוה of Jehovah’s Divine protection in a golden ornament used to make golden calf had consequence laying naked, defenceless. All ornaments or spiritual things of God commanded to lay off and to not wear symbols of Divine protection forfeited by transgression until after repentance. God said, “That I may know what to do to Israel” under God’s Divine protection shield is commanded to put aside. Many parted with ornaments put aside and later worn again. Lots of jewels, wives, daughters, sons of 600,000 men stripped to make golden calf. Rest of ornaments later used in Tabernacle furnishing so much people were asked to stop giving it became too much in Exodus 36:5-6. A lesson here is not to put confidence in gold wealth, riches but put confidence in God. Whoever lost gold or riches God is able to restore a 100 fold in this life and in eternal life to come in heaven.

GOD & MOSES FACE TO FACE

THE AFRICANS IN THE BIBLE

1568307998234350287588732800503.jpgGod declares to African people in Psalm 68:31 that “Cush shall reach out arms to God as early Church loved this promise, saw a black man help Jesus carry Cross. considered Cush to be a metaphor for the Gentile Bride of Christ. The Psalms predicted that one day people would recognize the spirituality of the Cushites, and declare that they had been born anew in Zion in Psalm 87:3-6. Isaiah said God will bring remnant from Cush in Psalm 11:11, redeemed people bring gifts to Zion in Psalm 18:1-8. Zephaniah said from beyond rivers of Cush, God’s people bring offerings in Zephaniah 3:10. Amos expresses God’s concern for Cush: “‘Are you not like Cushites to me people of Israel?’ says the LORD” Zephaniah 9:7.15683073793472425722686661667645.jpg

Biblical scholars are aware ‘Cush’ refers to all of Africa, sometimes to all Africa except Egypt, and sometimes to ancient Nubia, stretching from modern Aswan in the north to Khartoum in south. Most of this area lies in the Sudan. But how is the general reader to understand Cush and Cushite used 57 times in Hebrew Bible are in a designation for an African nation and people? Some versions of the Bible translate “Cush” as “Ethiopia,” but this does not ordinarily designate the modern country of that name. David Adamo suggested the best translation is simply “Africa.” All of us have a right to know and applaud important biblical role played by Africans. People of the African descent claim the deep roots of their ancestors in the Bible.15683069277985189522243142459692.jpgAfrica is in Old Testament from Genesis one of rivers of Eden is around whole land of Cush, and another encircled land of Havilah that yielded gold, onyx and bdellium in Genesis 2:10-13. These products found in antiquity in the area known as the Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia. Tigris and Euphrates rivers located in Babylonia, shows good reason to believe rivers of Eden lay in Africa. We are told oldest human remains may be traced to Africa. Hagar, the Egyptian concubine of Abraham, derived her ancestry from south of Egypt. She alone of all the Bible characters gives God a name in Genesis 16:13. Like Abraham, she meets God in and is given a promise her progeny will become a great nation in Genesis 21:18.15683105750826963769477824241236.jpgmmmmmMoses’ Cushite wife aroused jealousy of sister Miriam in Numbers 12:11-16. Miriam, who resents her black sister-in-law, becomes white with leprosy until she mends her ways. This Cushite wife Zipporah is Moses’ father-in-law Jethro the priest, who instituted  judicial, administrative and sacrificial patterns of Israel in Exodus 18:1-27. He and his family received the exiled Moses during Moses’ forty years as shepherd in Sinai. Zipporah had understood importance of circumcision and performed the ritual on their sons in Exodus 18:1-27. Cushite wife helps Moses looks to father-in-law for guidance and direction in Numbers 10:29-32; Judges 1:16.15683067809035397664470500877270.jpgWhen Israelites settled land of Canaan there were Africans among them. Some  left Egypt with Israelites at the time of Exodus; others came military invaders in 1 Kings 14:25-28; 2 Chronicles 12:2-3; 14:9-15; cf. 16:8. The Ethiopian colony at Gerar buffer between Egypt and Judah. Ethiopians became permanent residents in Palestine, remaining there until time of Hezekiah in 715-685 BCE. “Journeyed to entrance of Gedor, the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks, where they found rich, good pasture the land was broad, quiet, peaceful, former inhabitants of Ham in 1 Chronicles 4:39 -40. Group of Philistines, Arabs, settled near Ethiopians in 2 Chronicles 21:16.15683060779121682956306936306740.jpgPersons of African descent appear took active role in Israel’s social and political life. A bride in Song of Solomon is black and beautiful in Songs 1:5. A Cushite who possessed tact, discretion and high position in the royal court appeared as a trusted courtier sent to tell David news of Absalom’s death in 2 Samuel 18:19-32. Africans enjoyed royal favour, as Solomon married an Egyptian princess in 1 Kings 9:16, 24; 2 Chronicles 8:11 and received Queen of Sheba in 1 Kings 10:1-13; 2 Chronicles 9:1-2. Influential queen ruled African peoples both sides of the Red Sea. Queen Sheba, may well have come to Solomon to negotiate and trade treaty with his growing maritime power. Tested him with hard questions, in the end she told him all that was in her heart. It appears that in this black woman Solomon found a kindred spirit with whom he could discourse freely.15683118638493056538262816214734.jpgThat relationship was sexual evidenced alliance did indeed produce children as the ruling class black Jews. Zephaniah, a descendant of Hezekiah, is called son of Cushi and brings the special prophecies of Cush in Zephaniah 1:1; 3:10. Jehudi, a courtier sent to Jeremiah with message from Baruch to King Zedekiah had the  Cushite ancestor in Jeremiah 36:14. And Baruch stands before the king, reading the words of God but king slashes scroll cast into fire in Jeremiah 21, 23. Ebed-Melek, confidential advisor of the king, is identified as Cushite four times in Jeremiah 38:7, 10, 12; 39:16. Believing Jeremiah was bringing God’s authentic voice to Judah, Ebed-Melek risked his life to rescue the prophet from cistern and secure for him a hearing with the king. Jeremiah commends the courtier’s faith in Jeremiah15-18, proclaims to him special covenant of God’s protection.156833171072865783293502443737.jpgIn Genesis 16 Hagar meets God who has promised to provide for her and son. 15683285280597530140274396867836.jpgIMG-20190912-WA0008.jpgIMG-20190912-WA0009.jpg15683283082642766521076979514161.jpg15683284047696941858969006489791.jpg15683969308308576360979223589953.jpg15683063656013498788289630592015.jpgCushite pharaohs ruled over Egypt, they contracted military alliances with both Israel and Judah, especially during the time of Twenty-fifth or Cushite Dynasty. Sabacho in 716-701 BC, is So in 2 Kings 17:4 contracted an alliance against Assyria with Hoshea, king of Israel, while Tirhakah (690-664) came to aid Hezekiah as Jerusalem was beseiged in 2 Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9. A mortuary figurines of Tirhakah reveal his African features of enormous statue still towers above great temple complex at Karnak.15670948767161078613926685946495.jpgThe kingdom of Cush continues to play a role in New Testament we read of the conversion of the Candace’s Ethiopian treasurer in Acts 8:26-39. Candace was the royal title of Queen Mother of Nubia powerful African nation located in what is Sudan. Greek was spoken in the court, so the chamberlain would have had no problem reading a Septuagint version of the prophet Isaiah; and Philip, a Greek-speaking Jew, easily communicated the Gospel to him. Candace wielded the real political, military power from capitol city in Meroe while her son served as a religious figurehead. Royal mother gifts to God on behalf of the kingdom sent by her chamberlain with gift to Jerusalem.Tirhakah_artTirhakah

Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia, waged war against Sennacherib during the reign of King Hezekiah of Judah (2 Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9) and drove him from his intention of destroying Jerusalem and deporting its inhabitants, according to blacksinthebible.org. God used this African king to protect the Jews as HIS chosen people. Also the Arts civilization flourished at high level throughout her realm, twice her forces engaged the Roman army in battle.15683124595885667631283936059650.jpgTo the north Cyrene, capital city of the Roman province Cyrenaica famous for three schools of philosophy and native sons excelled in medicine, mathematics, rhetoric and literature. Most famous or illustrious of these was the astronomer Eratosthenes, who in approximately 200 BC computed circumference of earth with remarkable accuracy. The brilliant Hellenistic poet Callimachus, director of library at Alexandria acquired the great reputation for versatility of aptitudes. And the athletes from Cyrene excelled in Olympic competition especially in horse chariot racing. Ships carried corn, oil, wool from fertile fields of Cyrene and contraceptive sylphium to Rome. Cyrene maintained a monopoly on the herb until became extinct over harvest in AD 200. Citizens of Cyrene roamed far and wide through Mediterannean world merchants, athletes, philosophers and orators, mercenaries, entertainers. The Jewish community of the city had a deep interest in Judaism and produced an important literature including a five-book history of Maccabees by Jason the Cyrenian in 2 Maccabees 2:43. The close ties with Jerusalem is Simon of Cyrene Libya helped carry the Cross of Jesus. A devout Jew goes to Passover, Jerusalem. He became a believer his sons known to Christian community in Mark 15:21; cf. Romans 16:13.1568307998234350287588732800503.jpgAn African synagogue of the Cyreneans and Alexandrians, first objected to the preaching of Stephen in Acts 6:9, other natives of Cyrene were early adherents of Christianity and carried good news to Cyprus in Acts 11:19-26. The Cyrenians and Cyprians travelled to Antioch with innovated Gospel approach to the non-Jewish Greeks. The revolutionary action drew attention of the Jerusalem Council, and Barnabas was dispatched to assess this new development. Convinced of the authenticity of the mission, Barnabas strategized with the leaders and went to Tarsus to seek out Paul. Implementation of African’s dream require involvement of multinational and multicultural task force. As the church at Antioch prayed, searched the Scriptures and strategized for a full year core of leaders developed. Of the five named, two Africans Lucius of Cyrene and Simon called the Black in Acts 13:1-2. Translations fails to inform us “Niger” is Latin for “Black” Simon of Cyrene. Missionary agency in large part initiated, strategized, promoted directed by Africans. The story of Acts tells us Paul and Barnabas promptly sent to Cyprus, home of some members of the Antiochene community in Acts 13:4-12. Archaeological evidence of arrival of the Gospel in Cyrene by the end of first century AD Christian burials inside the Jewish cemetery at Cyrene.15684580861912112964805784651956.jpgByzantine writer on interpretations of Biblical questions in the first half of the third century of the common era. Suidas (s.v. Ἀφρικανός) says Africanus was a Libyan philosopher supported by Julius’ works written in Greek shows author’s knowledge of Latin. He was a native of Latin North Africa the son of Christian parents from a noble family. Took part in expedition with Septimius Severus  against Osrhoene in 195. Is a friend of Abgar VIII. of Edessa whose materials from his works in archives of city. These relations reveal Oriental knowledge of Syriac, fourth chapter of his Κεστοί, he gives Syrian name of a fish. Familiar with conditions of Jews in Babylon in the Susanna Epistle Jews were living under their own jurisdiction in Exile. His works in Biblical criticism Hebrew language known. He was presbyter and bishop of Emmaus (Nicopolis) Palestine headed embassy to Rome on behalf of city. He was contemporary and friend of Origen lived in emperors Heliogabalus and Alexander Severus times. Africanus highly valued in Christianity of interest to Judaism. These works are: five books, founder of Church history, predecessor of Eusebius, source and pattern for the Byzantine chronographers for extracts from his work preserved fragments. His history of world seven epoch weeks like Jewish “Lepto Genesis” Jubilees, earliest history of human race, Jewish history synchronised general history. Put Moses 1,020 years before first Olympic date of Justus of Tiberias. Africanus source are traced various facts found in Africanus’ history parallel Josephus. In Biblical stories Africanus legends origin found in the Apocalypses and the Midrashim.15683064907397689947182494053598.jpgAFRICANS IN THE EARLY CHURCH15684524981767689343288530996876.jpg1568453317180494040346684595245.jpgClement of Alexandria in 150-215 was a Christian philosopher with keen desire to win pagan intellectuals to Christ. He directed catechetical school, Alexandria and wrote important exhortations to the heathen and Christians calling them to a more perfect life in Christ. Another African, Origen in 185-254, became the director of a catechetical school at age 18 was finest mind the church produced in 300 years. Origen highly successful in debating Jews, pagans, Gnostics credited with destroying Gnosticism. Important biblical scholar, theologian, an exegete, pioneer in biblical criticism produced Hexapla comparing six version of Bible.15684526730534572263193667551376.jpg15684528353382475705494581185241.jpg15684525396155447266077609462099.jpg15684527520384885477447801125455.jpg1568452774226694314850693388142.jpgIMG-20190913-WA0002.jpgHe influenced theological thought for centuries. Tertullian in 160-225 a pagan lawyer converted to Christianity. He authored the apologetic and theological, controversial works, first theologian to write in Latin. He formulated doctrine of Trinity, and coined nearly a thousand new words to explain Christian truths. Athanasius in 296-373, was Bishop of Alexandria and a major theologian and writer. He was the chief upholder of the doctrine Christ was both man and God and principle opponent of the Arian doctrine Jesus was man not God. As a very young deacon, he was influential at the Council of Nicea. And opponents referred to him as the “black dwarf.” He was repeatedly exiled and persecuted, but his principles ultimately prevailed at the Council of Constantinople in 381.15683136550409031563494505743307.jpgCyril, who died in 444 was a Bishop of Alexandria. He brilliantly represented, systematized teachings of Athanasius and Alexandrians. He was a vigorous opponent of heresy. Perpetua, Felicitas two martyrs died in Carthage arena in 202. Their story was widely used in the winning of others to Christ. Cyprian Bishop of Carthage died martyr in 258. Possessed profound knowledge of Scriptures, wrote important theology, fought heresy, and insisted on unity of the Church. Lactantius in AD 317 is best known for his Institutes, described as the “most comprehensive apology Christianity created before the end of the time of persecution.” The major theme of Institutes is justice. Lactantius insisted that God had given humanity a way of life open to all people regardless of race, education, sex, colour or creed. St. Maurice of Aganum born about 287, a Roman general who refused to kill Christians during a slave revolt in Gaul. He told the emperor Maximian: We cannot obey you without denying God, Creator of all things is our Master and yours if you acknowledge it or not. He was slaughtered by imperial decree with his regiment for defense of slaves.15683063971748743997771719083155.jpgG. Marius Victorinus in 280-363 was a neoplatonist professor of rhetoric with a brilliant record philosopher scholar. Educated in Africa but taught in Rome, wrote theological, devotional works, led to conversion of Augustine. Augustine in 354-430, Bishop of Hippo, was one of the Doctors of the Church. A profoundly influential theologian, he dealt with three heresies: Manichaeism, Donatism, and Pelagianism. Augustine remarkable insight into the human heart and soul. His most famous work is Confessions, describing his conversion to win others to Christ by detailing the philosophical basis for Christianity. And Monica in 331-387 was Augustine’s prayerful and powerful mother. Zeno of Verona was the bishop of Verona from 362 to 375. Over hundreds of his tractates survive and collection of sermons. Optatus of Melevis was Bishop in North Africa. He worked to reconcile Christians during Donatist Schism, and was influential in the East and West as well as in Africa. He died before 400 AD. By 480 Victor of Vita Bishop in the province of Byzacena. He described survival of Church during invasion of vandals. Saw persecution as religious and political. Bishop Vigilius of Thapsus participated in religious synod between Arians and Orthodox in 484. Produced important theological and ecclesiastical works.15683134503836206460010102808726.jpgFulgentius of Ruspe in 467-533 a Roman civil servant resigned his post to enter priesthood. In 507 was elected bishop of Ruspe. Later driven out of Africa by the Vandals, instrumental in popularizing Augustine’s work. Three early African popes: Are Pope Victor I in AD 189-199 popularized Latin as common language of church making  Christianity more democratic and accessible to ordinary people. Pope Melchaides in 311-314, also known as Meltiades persecuted prior to reign as pope, considered one of African Christian martyrs. Pope Gelasius I in A.D. 492-496 worked to settle conflicts in church and believed “civil and sacred powers of divine origin is independent each in its own sphere.”15683136036864992702812355303110.jpgLet us thank God for the important role played by Africans in Bible and early Church. Let us share Good News Christ died to redeem people of all races and nationalities. Let us proclaim that God’s love knows no boundaries. And let us affirm the amazing diversity of God’s creation! CBE advances the Gospel by equipping Christians to use their God given talents in leadership and service regardless of gender, ethnicity, or class. Together with supporters and ministry partners from 100 denominations and 65 countries, CBE works to inspire and mobilize women and men with Bible’s call to lead serve as equals in Christ.IMG-20190913-WA0001.jpgIMG-20190913-WA0000.jpgPaul says in Colossians 4:9 “Onesimus, our faithful and dear brother, who is one of you and Paul says in Philemon 1:10 Onesimus has become a son to him. Why did Jesus and Hebrews turn white in history books of Albinoes as Hebrews and Blacks originally lived and ruled in countries taken by thirty years war on continent and British civil wars of the 1600s. These race wars with religion are focal points Europe’s ancient Black and Catholic Rulers. Albinos chased out of homeland in Asia by Mongols into Black lands of Europe brought massive influx of millions of Albinos changed Europe in over two thousand years. Since then they portray Jesus and Hebrews white in books to impersonate history.

Some Black Verses In The Bible

Job 30:30, “My skin is black.
Song of Solomon 1:5, “I am black, lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, like the tents of Kedar, like the curtains of Solomon.

Solomon 1:6,“Don’t stare at me because I am black for sun burns me. Mother’s  sons angry with me made me caretaker of their vineyards but I must take care of my own vineyard.

Job 30:28, “I mourn for comfort, I stand in the assembly and cry out for help.
Lamentations 4:8, Appearance is black like soot, They are not recognized in the streets; Their skin is dark, their bone is like that of wood.

Africans In Bible And Early Church

ISAIAH QUMRAN CAVE TEXTS

15675038823374640821258272163795.jpgIsaiah texts found in the Qumran caves in Israel talk about Jesus blessings in the last days. Messiah Jesus will establish His rule over Jerusalem as center of all world government for Jews and Gentiles in Isaiah 2:2–4, 11:10, 42:1. In the last days mountain of the LORD’s Temple will be established as highest of all mountains. Exalted above hills, and all nations will stream to there. The law will go out from Zion word of LORD from Jerusalem in Isaiah 2:2–3. Israel in endtimes of GREAT TRIBULATION and great distress in Matthew 24:16-21. After 62 weeks Messiah cut off by the people of the prince who destroyed city and the sanctuary. Isaiah 14:1 says God will fully restore Israel with Gentiles grafted in and their Covenant land restored.156750413455744591763124215406.jpg15675040054922384650299807268041.jpgIMG-20190901-WA0001.jpgThey make covenant with many for one week but in middle of week puts end to sacrifice and offering. The abomination sacrilege destroy but God’s annihilation poured on one who destroys’” in Daniel 9:26,27. GREAT TRIBULATION prophecy of Daniel, Jesus and John in Revelations are days of great testing, trial hardships. 1567504767055561015587967803398.jpg1567321233522944788266481653304.jpg15675144717012126230166156195684.jpgGod sends Elijah, Moses and 144,000 to evangelise in GREAT TRIBULATION so countless multitudes will be saved. But it is such desperate times, people will go into caves, rocks holes on earth because of the fear of God’s wrath. The earth is shaken by earthquakes, storms, tsunami fires, volcanoes floods etc. That DAY will cast away idols and go in clefts of rocks and crevices because of the fear of God rising to shake earth in Isaiah 2: 19-21.20190903_105307.jpgIMG-20190903-WA0012.jpg1567504237063528231591623493837.jpg15675054080973635894150619713187.jpg156750616883473278782334855259.jpg15675039440192476232508297509974.jpgIMG-20190901-WA0002.jpgIn time of GREAT TRIBULATION as Jesus foretold the world will face adversities in Matthew 24:25 “There will be signs in the sun, moon, stars on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity. The sea and waves roaring; 26 men’s hearts failing them from fear and expectation of things coming on earth for powers of heavens will be shaken. 27 They will see the Son of Man coming in CLOUD with POWER and GREAT GLORY. 28 When these things happen, look up lift up your heads your redemption is near, says Luke 21:25-28. 15673211596177715165354755398018.jpg15675050718586564726076222229271.jpgGod’s SOVEREIGN plan brings justice to end evil on earth to stop the persecution hatred of Jews and the Gentiles grafted in. People will try to escape God’s wrath so beg to die unable to do so, “and say to mountains, “Cover us to hills “Fall on us in Hosea 10:8. Kings of earth, great men, nobles, rich, mighty, slave, free, hides in caves, rocks, mountain from the FACE of ONE seated on THRONE from Wrath of Lamb Jesus on GREAT DAY of WRATH in confirms the Bible in Revelation 6:15-17.20190903_083435.jpg15675060476288002142079633414469.jpgThat DAY people seek death don’t find it death flees from them in Revelation 9:6. Isaiah prophecy on God’s WRATH, Jesus Jeremiah, prophets true. Jesus says, This happens but not yet end in Matthew 24 : 6. GREAT TRIBULATION to happen since beginning of world not happen again in Matthew 24:21. In GREAT TRIBULATION of those DAYS  sun is darkened, moon not give light, stars fall from heaven and powers of heavens will be shaken by God in destructions. 15675047096255877361278943320957.jpg15675057097442760130497633119311.jpgThen Sign of Son of Man will appear in heaven as all tribes on earth will mourn and SEE the Son of Man coming in cloud of heaven in POWER and GREAT GLORY. God will send His angels with the great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other in Matthew 24:29-31. The great DAY of God coming is a DAY of wrath, troubles and distress, devastating storm, desolation,  gloom, clouds thick darkness and alarm against fortified cities and high towers. 15675057790182376890532777751609.jpg15675057495836494388495567429033.jpgIsaiah 53:4-5 prophesied “Surely Jesus bore our griefs and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him. And with His stripes we are healed. Christ Jesus came to save headland deliver all who accept Him. But Time of distress for mankind oblivious to sin against God their blood poured out like dust and flesh like dung. Their silver or gold unable to save on the DAY of God’s WRATH on earth in Zephaniah 1:14-18. God’s believers don’t be afraid on a DAY for all those who reject Jesus’ salvation. Time will be up if they don’t repent and and seek God for Mercy and forgiveness and salvation in Christ. Jesus Reigns on earth from Mount Zion headquarters in Israel. So saints, kings, queens in God’s Eternal Kingdom rule, Second Coming physically in Jerusalem millennial rule20190904_193239.jpgGod says PRAY for the PEACE of Jerusalem in Psalm 122:6-9: “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: ‘May those who love you be secure. May there be peace within your walls and security within your citadels.’ For the sake of my brothers and friends, I will say, ‘Peace be within you.’ For the sake of the house of the LORD our God, I will seek your prosperity.” Praying for peace and good to come to God’s HOLY CITY also benefits those who PRAY. God promised blessings on those who bless Israel and curses on those who curse Israel Genesis 12:3. Jerusalem is center of God’s Kingdom to Jews first and to all Gentiles who follow Jesus. Pray for her peace, security and God’s intervention.

JESUS IN EGYPT/ISRAEL MAPS

15648316192607707449909183363327.jpg1564831665367273111586519463515.jpg15646569304355726739680845638052.jpg15646580529202498646035413327622.jpg15648546710452198377635394704783.jpg20190801_114025.jpg15646554813917923813950887627950.jpg15646562281846992982701824170222.jpg156528139138431019198289823953.jpg15652809163262709635233645971108.jpg15652812227642151811642722896062.jpg15652754342556541025313775213031.jpg15652775560478461047745527868434.jpg15652773988384062994561002768282.jpgIMG-20190803-WA0007.jpg1565278131237375231407812607157.jpg15654300362746904440185833961432.jpg1565431437013826047730710704884.jpg15648538306026119783726148711226.jpg15648543935634144667990688587349.jpg15648546510932550606444320384397.jpg15652752687567915768972387138132.jpgIMG-20190808-WA0011.jpg15652753242012541944933542349369.jpg15648551162901513821157231214724.jpg15648542978586972753849835007463.jpg15648540948062852046322113809379.jpg15648552624101731811809511746555.jpg20190803_1934071564833995601663476476502697859.jpg15646050110116496470922657949029.jpg15648555350191784473057191826756.jpgBible details of Jesus’ birth in Gospel in Matthew 2:1 is during the days of Herod who died in 4 B.C. Joseph and Mary fled Bethlehem with Jesus Herod ordered all boys 2 years old and younger in vicinity killed. Jesus could be 2 before Herod’s death so His birth between 6 and 4 B.C. In Luke 2:1-2, “In those days a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world be registered. This was first registration when Quirinius was governor of Syria.” Caesar Augustus reigned from 27 B.C. to A.D. 14 and Quirinius’ record and Judea in 6 B.C. This census mentioned by Luke is history details of time of Christ’s birth in Bethlehem in 6-5 B.C. Luke’s timeline: “Jesus, began His ministry about thirty years of age” in Luke 3:23 during time of John the Baptist in wilderness. John started “in the fifteenth year of reign of Tiberius Caesar. Pontius Pilate governor of Judea, Herod was tetrarch of Galilee. His brother Philip, tetrarch of Ituraea, Trachonitis, Lysanias, Abilene, during high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas” in Luke 3:1-2 time period. Facts fit A.D. 27-29, Jesus “about thirty years of age” in A.D. 27 shows His birth between 6A.D and 4 B.C. Jesus at 30 years began His ministry till thirty three years of age. As Jesus’ family moved Baby Jesus from Bethlehem into Nazareth and into Egypt to escape the massacre of innocents by Herod. Angel Gabriel warned Joseph in dream to leave at night and stayed three and half years in Egypt. Angel Gabriel returned to tell Joseph again in dream to take the Holy family back into Israel. When back into Jerusalem but another cruel Herod in power they moved back to Nazareth. Versions of living history of Jesus exists in many accounts narrated from other perspectives. Regenerations in modern cities means some old names changed but others retain consistency in the records. Psalm 69:35 says,“God will save Zion and rebuild cities of Judah so that they will dwell there and have it in possession. Jesus is real in history not fables misleading people. God’s word prophesied fulfilled in Jesus tells people to hear this Gospel message and to be saved in Christ Jesus Name. God Chose Jesus to REPRESENT HIM to bring people back to God before it is too late to repent. GOD HIGHLY EXALTED JESUS ABOVE ALL other names for there is no other name given among mankind to be saved. Jesus is ULTIMATE SACRIFICE who redeems mankind from sin and gives GIFT OF ETERNAL LIFE to all Children of God. You decide to accept Jesus as your personal Saviour and be with God Forevermore. After that time,’ declares the LORD. ‘I will put My law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be My people. No longer will they teach their neighbour or say to each other, ‘Know the LORD,’ because they will all know ME, from the least to the greatest,” says the LORD. ‘For I will FORGIVE their wickedness and will remember their sins no more says Jeremiah 31:33–34.