GOD’S DIVINE GRACE MERCY

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FAMINES IN BIBLE HISTORY

IMG-20200401-WA0002In 2 Chronicles 7:13-14 God says If I shut heaven so there is no rain, send locusts to devour the land or pestilence among my people; 14 If my people called by my name humble themselves, pray, seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; I will hear from heaven, forgive their sin and heal their land. Pray and ask God to have mercy to forgive you. Pray loudly: Dear Father, Creator of heavens, earth, and universe we come humbly before you LORD in your Majesty, Sovereignty over all creation. We repent of all sins against you or others by rejecting Godly truth, counsel, we walked in wicked and deceit. Almighty God of all creation we bow our heads and submit to you LORD in agreement with the whole world we pray forgive us all in the Name of Jesus your dear Son. LORD God have MERCY on us. Let your compassion flow to us in Jesus blood shed to cleanse us from sin  wash and heal us from plagues. Forgive us LORD, PLEASE SHORTEN evil days to send Jesus in cloud in Rapture. Draw us to you to eternity in Jesus’ Mighty Name, Amen. Thank you LORD for your Grace, Mercy and Covenant of Abraham to all nations. Jehovah Jireh provider of needs thank you for supplying all our needs.slide5-l15686371235835954419660177108723.jpgFamine in Canaan Israel led Abraham to Egypt in Genesis 12:8-13:2. Severe food  shortages caused hunger, lack of basic resources and hard times. Challenging circumstances affects people in history. In Proverbs 12:11; Proverbs 28:19, food harvested by working the land is ruined by bliss, drought pestilence, enemy raid, suffered by Gideon God intervened and saved his family. Current global events affects abundant food supply, resources and basic necessities. Those who chased fantasies to waste time produce nothing and are poor. Proverbs 12:11 says tilling land satisfies with food, so do not follow vain people, who lack understanding of real life chase worthless pursuit without sense to ruin lives. In Genesis 12:10, that famine sent Abram to Egypt as Genesis 12:8-13:2 says Abraham tried in vain to find solution. Genesis 12:8-9 economic conditions forced him to Egypt. On their way Abraham’s wife Sarai attracted the attention of kings who gave them great wealth. Abraham lived in Canaan from 2100 B.C.E.-1875 B.C.E with Isaac, Jacob. On return to Canaan in Genesis 15:1, the LORD appeared to Abraham in a vision said: ‘Ten years passed since you lived in Hara for two years and seven years in Egypt. Its one year since your return from Egypt after age 75 Abram left Iraq Ur to Canaan Israel. Then to Egypt back to Canaan Israel. In Genesis 26:1 second famine occurs in the days of Abraham. So Isaac in Gerar went to Abimelech the king of Philistines. The LORD appeared to Isaac and said, “Do not go into Egypt but live in this land I told you to live in so Isaac stayed in Gerar. After Abraham, for 430 years Israel is enslaved in Egypt from 1875 to 1445 B.C.E. Moses, Aaron in 1 Chronicles 5 are fourth-generation descendants of Levi son of Jacob. So 430 year’s slavery is generations of Isralites in Egypt new Pharaohs didn’t treat well.journeys_of_abraham_isaac_jacob-old_testament_map_1downloadfile-29In Genesis 26:12-33 Isaac sowed in the land in time of famine and same year he got hundredfold reward because the LORD blessed him. 13 He had riches so expanded his territory. 14. He possessed flocks, herds, servants Philistines envied him. 15 The wells his father’s servants dug in Abraham’s days the Philistines filled with earth. 16 And Abimelech told Isaac to leave as too strong in their land. 17 Isaac left pitched tent in the valley of Gerar and dwelt there. 18 So Isaac dug another well as Abraham’s was filled by Phillistines after the death of Abraham. Isaac called wells by name his father calls them. 19 Isaac’s servants found water in well 20 But herdsmen of Gerar told Isaac’s herdsmen, the water is theirs. So Isaac left Esek well, because they fought with him. 21 Isaac dug new well but Phillistines fought too so calls it Sitnah. 22 He moved to dig another well Rehoboth, the LORD made us fruitful in the land. 23 But moved to Beersheba 24 The LORD appears to him at night said, I AM God of Abraham your father so fear not I AM with you to bless and multiply your seed for Abraham’s sake. 25 Isaac built an altar to the LORD and pitched his tent there so his servants dug a well. 26 Abimelech went from Gerar to Isaac with Ahuzzath, Phichol chief captain of his army. 27 Isaac said to them Why did you come to me since you hate me and sent me away? 28 They said, The LORD is with you let us make an oath between us to make covenant with you 29 Do not hurt us for we have not touched you but did good by sending you away in peace. 30 You are blessed by LORD. Isaac made a feast so they ate and drunk together. 31 They left in the morning after oath so Isaac sent them away in peace. 32 Same day Isaac’s servants told him they found water in the sixth well dug. 33 Called city Sheba now Beersheba.jacob_map_15686470728505025652900209887770.jpgJacob took his family to Egypt in famine. Joseph interpreted famine of Pharaoh’s dream in Genesis 41:53-57 so promoted Prime Minister. Built silos in Egypt for harvests stored seven years to prepare for seven year’s famine God in a dream. Egypt tilled the land, stored grain, cured meat, prepared in advance. Egypt sold grains to nations and brought Joseph’s siblings to Egypt to buy grains despite jealousy hatred of his dreams and coat of many colours from Jacob their father. Jacob’s family moved into Egypt due to famine in 215 years after God’s promise to Abram. Israel descendants multiplied rapidly increasing their Jewish presence in Egypt, centuries. Toiled to built grand designs of Egypt, prospered at Goshen. Their hardwork built  nation but envy, jealousy of Pharaoh told midwives, kill boys. Some refused, blessed by God with houses in Egypt. Israel cried to God to save them sent Moses to deliver them. 1 Chronicles 7 Joshua is Moses’ successor is 12th generation descendant of Joseph Jacob’s son and Pharaoh’s vizier. And in 1 Chronicles 7 Israel’s 3rd to their 11th generations lived in Egypt since Abram, Isaac, Jacob left rich in Exodus of Moses and Joshua out of Egypt into wilderness. They borrowed gold and silver to repay them 430 years of slavery without pay, gave them abundant wealth to be used to build the tabernacle and provide for their families in a time of need. Instead, they made golden calf a god from gold God provided, many died except Levites who refused to join golden calf idolatry.20200402_224755bible-archeology-exodus-kadesh-barnea-water-from-rock-moses 20200329_123354In Exodus 15:22-17:7 the LORD God had to provide water in the desert for Israel at Shur after crossing the red sea. Moses was told to hit the rock after three days without water in the wilderness. Marah is bitter fountain of Israelites in Exodus 15:23, 24; Numbers 33:14 no water to drunk. Moses asked God Yahweh’s help shown piece of wood Moses threw into bitter in Exodus 15:23,24 to make water sweet and fit to drink. Moses by God’s divine direction made the water safe to drink. two times Moses threw stick into the water good to drink at Marah. The LORD in Exodus 17:6 said, Behold, I will stand before you by a rock in Bible and you will bring water from the rock to provide drink for the people and the livestock.” In Numbers 20:10 Moses  hit two rocks to produce water instead of doing what God asked him to do. Moses grieved loss of Miriam so in pain but the Israelites complained more instead of showing him compassion. His followers faced challenges of desert so not Moses fault but blamed him anyway. Its Moses who bore brunt of their anger of change of location after they CRIED TO GOD TO DELIVER them from slavery in Egypt. It was their choice to leave Egypt so God did exactly what they demanded. Forgot miracle of being spared in all plagues of Egypt, miracle crossing of red sea whine and moan about Moses not caring about them. Exodus 17 and Numbers 20 are  two separate events for water miracles. But people quarreled with Moses forgot the first time God provided water so can do so again. Told Moses, “Give us water to drink although Moses was thirsty too did not care or have any consideration it was life in dry desert. Israel’s journey  in stages from Egypt, told Moses to give them water. Moses cried out to God who told Moses to toss stick into some bitter water to make it good to drink. But  the congregation assembled against Moses and Aaron and grumbled. These people blamed Moses, and said they prefer to be in slavery in Egypt than die in desert. They complained of food shortages and craved, leeks, cucumbers, garlic, onions, old lifestyle as slaves of the rich to eat crumbs than own land to grow crops. fish_and_fruit_basketIn Numbers 11:4-28, craved fish eaten in Egypt with the leeks, cucumbers, onions garlic and watermelons. Told God they prefer to die by the hand of the LORD in the hands of Pharaoh than endure their eleven days journey into Canaan Israel. Instead of thanking God for answer to their prayer to be rescued from slavery complained and cried for scrumptious, comfort food while wandering in desert. Their timing lacked their reality check for a few days to reach Canaanland for fresh food. And focused on inhospitable environment murmured against Moses Aaron and God for nothing to eat but just manna collected everyday. God was so angry he told them they will perish to never reach Canaanland. God wanted to teach them to fish to have more food but preferred quick fix hand me down token of silve masters. And God delayed their journey each they complained God added extra years as punishment in the desert. Instead of enduring eleven days stayed 40 years longer for the insolence against. Forgot they brought a hardship on themselves by a disobedience to God agreed in Covenant warned in advance. Jeremiah 14:1-6 on LORD’S drought of “Judah mourns at her gates and sits on the ground in mourning and they cry in Jerusalem so are heard by God. “Nobles send servants for water, cisterns but no water return so vessels empty in shame cover their heads. In Jeremiah in 13th year of king Josiah in 626 BC to the fall of Jerusalem and destruction lived 570 BC in Egypt. Josiah’s difference to father reformed nation Jeremiah commended for doing justice and right thing for his people. Jehoahaz ruled three months in 2 Chronicles 36:2 reign marked turning point in king’s attitude toward Jeremiah prophet of God to the nation of Israel. In Israel another drought and famine that hit the people in search of food to eat.488929_ruth-and-boazRuth 1:1 says in the days judge’s ruled a famine in the land a man of Bethlehem in Judah, wife, two sons lived in Moab. 2. Elimelech’s wife Naomi and two son’s Mahlon and Kilion died. So Naomi and Ruth returned to Israel to glean fields of Boaz, collect wheat grains married Boaz bore Obed and Jesse, father of David is bloodline of Jesus. In 2 Samuel 21:1-14 a famine in days of David for three years David sought presence of the LORD. The LORD said, “Saul’s bloody house has put Gibeonites to death are not of Israel but survivors of Amorites. 2 Israel swore to spare them, Saul’s zeal for Israel, Judah tried to annihilate them. 3 David helped Gibeonites “made atonement so to bless the LORD’S  inheritance. 4 So Gibeonites didn’t want silver, gold from Saul or his family but right to Israel in death. 5 Saul destroyed and decimated so no place in Israel. 6 Let seven of male descendants be killed, bodies before the LORD God at Gibeah of Saul by you as LORD’S chosen 7 The king agreed spared Mephibosheth son of Jonathan, son of Saul due to oath before the LORD of David and Jonathan. The king chose Armoni, Mephibosheth two sons of Aiah’s daughter Rizpah son of Saul, five sons Saul’s daughter Merab bore to Adriel Barzillai son Meholathite. 8 Handed to Gibeonites who killed them and exposed bodies on a hill before the LORD in the first days of barley harvest. 10 Rizpah’s daughter, Aiah in sackcloth,  beginning of harvest till the rain poured from heavens with bodies. She didn’t let birds touch them day or wild animals by night. 11 David told Aiah’s daughter Rizpah did 12 He took bones of Saul and Jonathan from Jabesh Gilead who stole bodies from public square at Beth Shan as Philistines hung them after stricking Saul down on Gilboa. 13 David brought bones of Saul, Jonathan and all killed so 14 buried in tomb of Saul’s father Kish, at Zela in Benjamin. And God answered David’s prayer to heal the land of Israel. wp-1579942333083.jpgFamines in 1 Kings 17:1 Elijah a Tishbite settler in Gilead told Ahab, “The LORD, God of Israel who lives says, there will be no dew, rain, three years, except by my word.”Do drought punishment in 1 Kings 18 Jezebel abused nation held to ransom 2 So Ahab in famine in Samaria told Obadiah his governor of house who fears the LORD greatly to look for water and grass for animals. 4 Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD but Obadiah took hundred prophets hid fifty in two caves fed them with bread and water. 5 Obadiah told go search land, fountains of water, brooks to find grass to save horses and mules not lose all the beasts. 6 They divide the land between them, Ahab went one way Obadiah to another. 7 Obadiah met Elijah, fell on his face so Elijah sent him to call King Ahab, he did but feared Ahab will kill him if Elijah disappeared…18 The LORD told Elijah in the third year go show yourself to Ahab and tell I will send rain on the earth. To prove to Ahab God is fed up with pagan evil deeds of Jezebel, who took Naboth’s vineyard, abused whole nation a carmel contest set up to serve God only. Elijah pours water on altar but fire came from heaven so burnt offering God accepted.  Elijah took the pagan prophets to brook Kishon and slew them there… 41 Elijah told Ahab, Get up, eat and drink; there is a sound of abundance of rain coming. 42 Ahab to eat and to drink and Elijah went to the top of Carmel; cast himself upon the earth, put his face between his knees prayed to God. 43 Told servant Go look toward the sea he looked but saw nothing. He said, Go again seven times. 44 At the seventh time, saw a little cloud out of the sea, like a man’s hand. Elijah said, tell Ahab, Prepare your chariot to get home before the rain stops you. 45 It came heaven had clouds, wind, a great rain so Ahab rode and went to Jezreel. 46 The hand of the LORD on Elijah took him faster before Ahab into Jezreel.IMG-20200328-WA0004In 1 Kings 17:7-15 Elijah met a widow at Zarephath when brook dried in drought caused famine. 8 There was no rain in the land. 9 So the LORD told him, Go to Zarephath to Sidon, stay there. A widow will supply your food 10 In Zarephath a widow gathering sticks he asks to bring a little water to drink 11 And bring me a piece of bread 12 She said as the LORD God lives I have only a handful of flour in a jar and little oil collected few sticks to make a meal for myself and my son to eat it and die 13 Elijah said, “Don’t be afraid. Go home and do as you said but first make bread and bring it to me. 14 This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘The jar of flour will not run out or jug of oil run dry until the day the LORD sends rain on the land.’” 15 So she did as Elijah told her and there was food every day for Elijah the woman and son. And Later God sent a golden chariot to Elijah alive into heaven gives a double portion anointing to Elisha. Elijah is expected as one of two witnesses to save this world, authorized by God send plagues of God’s wrath punishment. Bible says endtimes plagues of Egypt in Exodus 8:22; & 9:34 fall on the earth during Tribulation. In Revelation 2: 21 & 6:16 Revelation 22:18 prophecy of Bible says if anyone adds to them God will add plagues to those who distort the word of God. In 2 Kings 4:38 Elisha returned to Gilgal, during famine in the land. Told sons of prophets, “Put on a large pot and boil stew to eat.” The stew was ready but as bitter toxic leaves could not eat the food. Elisha sprinkled salt in the pot and food was eaten. In 2 Kings 6:24-25 Ben-hadad king of Aram’s army attacked Samaria. A great famine in Samaria so a donkey’s head sold for eighty shekels of silver, a fourth kab of dove’s dung sold five shekels of silver. A famine in Israel in dire times wildleaves food poison prophet cured with flour.20200328_193828 Children and babies died, some people ate grass, roots, abandoned infants died. Great famine in Samaria the LORD said the children eat a defiled bread among Gentile. Medieval Europe famines made some ate a dove or bird droppings, rats, cotton batting or kaolin clay. Their rich leaders abused powers to deny people meager rations. Some ate locust, insects, tree barks, mud, forage in Europe. Bible famine in Egypt and Canaan afflictions mean no food. Droppings of bird called ptarmigan delicacy parts of Greenland eat as haute cuisine. Dove dung “bird’s milk,”“bird’s dung” bulb roasted, boiled plant is “Star of Bethlehem” as Linnaeus botanist calls “dove’s dung. ” Parkinson, a British herbalist in 1800, said roasted bulb “sweeter than chestnut.”Is a white flower twelve-inch stem star-shape seed pods. New Jerusalem Bible says its wild onion Geneva Bible says dung used fuel for fire. Jewish historian Josephus it is dove’s dung salt substitute. Others say dove dung is falafel in Hebrew is locust-beans fruit of carob tree. 2 Kings 6-7:17 famine in Samaria attack by Ben-Hadad of Aram’s army so great famine in city. 26 King Jehoram passing on wall heard woman saying, “Help me my lord the king 27 The king said, “If the LORD does not help you how can I help you? All the threshing floors of winepress are empty. 28 What is the matter? So she said, “This woman told me, ‘share your son and so tomorrow we’ll eat mine.’ 29 We cooked my son and ate him and next day I told her, ‘Give your son to eat, she is hiding him.” 30 The king heard the woman’s words and tore his robes and the people saw under his robes a sackcloth. 31 He said, “God deal with me if head of Elisha son of Shaphat remain on his shoulders today.” 32 Elisha at home with elders as king’s word sent, Elisha told elders, “See he sent to cut off my head and when the messenger comes shut the door at the sound of his footsteps behind him. 33 A messenger of king said, “This disaster its only the LORD God who can rectify it to save the nation from the perilous times.20200328_192842Starving parents watch children die see no end of famine in sight cause of child eating of spiritual cause sin against God received punishment. Leviticus 26:22-29 says wild animals, people, eat children. In Deuteronomy 28:53 Ezekiel 5: 9-10 so parents eat children. Lamentations 2:20 &4 :10 says women cook children eaten. American skeleton of a 14 year teenage girl cannibalism in Jamestown colony is reconstructed by archaeologist of bones in 2017. Kelso took her remains of skull, tibia bone found in cave to Smithsonian. Dental analysis revealed her identity as Jane. Others use “ritual cults to get rich’ sacrifice children for wealth, plead with ‘gods’ during natural disasters to ‘avert’ tragedy of wars or gain evil “power” to rule the world. Or done for ‘fun’ online by a German. God deals with cannibals as HE created all the people attacked. To eat flesh is ‘normal’ to ‘imbibe’ power of their departed cooked to eat. American restaurants serve donated bodies eaten, reptilians eat human products. After the  seven years of famine in 2 Kings 7:1-11, Elisha said”tomorrow by this time there will be abundant food so the finest flour will sell for a shekel and two seahs of barley a shekel at gate of Samaria.”2 An officer of the king doubted, “If the LORD opens floodgates of heavens this cannot happen. Elisha said, “You will see it with your own eyes but you will not eat it.  3 Four lepers at city gate said, “Why stay here until we die? 4 ‘We’ll go to the city, if the famine is there, we will die if we stay here we will die let’s go to the camp of Arameans. 5 They went to the camp of Arameans but no one was there. 6 So the LORD caused the Arameans to hear sound of chariots and horses their army said, “The king of Israel hired the Hittite and Egyptian kings to kill us.” 7 Got up fled, abandoned tents, horses donkeys, left camp and ran for their lives. 8 Four lepers entered the tents, ate, drank, took silver, gold, clothes and hid them. They returned to city with abundant riches. 9 So shared good news with royal palace.” 20200328_200539KurtRose17566236432710 City gatekeepers in Aramean camps told king lepers collected gold, food, saw 11 tethered horses, donkeys, tents, left behind. 12 But the king said, “Arameans know we are starving left their camp to hide to come so they take us into their city.” 13 The officers sent five horses to the camp to confirm testimony 14 Two chariots of horses were sent out to go to check Aramean army. 15 They went far to Jordan but found on the road clothes, equipment Arameans threw in flight as messengers reported to the king. 16 The people went into plunder camp of spoil of Arameans so a seah finest flour sold a shekel, two seahs of barley sold a shekel as the LORD said 17 The king put officer in charge of gate but trampled on in the gateway. 18 He died as man of God said. 19 Man of God told king finest flour sold sold shekel, two seahs of barley a shekel at gate of Samaria.” 20 People trampled on officer who doubted as God said. In 2 Kings 8:1-3 in another Famine a widow whose son Elisha brought to life told to avoid the LORD’S decreed famine in the land for seven years. 2 The woman did as man of God said. 3 So her household went to live in land of Philistines seven years. After seven years she returned to appeall to the king for her house, fields, left behind. 4 The king asked Gehazi the servant of the man of God, “Tell me all the great things Elisha did.” 5 So he told the king Elisha brought a dead boy back to life and woman is coming to appeal to you for her house and fields. Gehazi said, My lord the king this is the woman and her son, Elisha brought back to life. 6 The king asked the woman who told him so the king appointed a high official to her case to “Return all things which are hers and produce of her fields since day she left the land.” She got her house and lands with interest 14 Elisha was in  Dothan and horses, chariots and a great army that came by night surrounding the city. 15 The servant of man of God saw the army, with horses and chariots. He said, “Alas, my master what shall we do?”16 So Elisha said, “Don’t fear, those with us are more than those with them.14886 17 Elisha prayed, “LORD open his eyes to see so The LORD his eyes and he saw the mountain was full of horses chariots of fire around Elisha. 18 Syrians came to attack but Elisha prayed to the LORD, Strike this people with blindness so God did according to the word of Elisha. 19 Elisha told them, Follow me, I will bring you to the man you seek.” He led them into Samaria. 20 At Samaria, Elisha said, “LORD, open their eyes to see The LORD opened their eyes and they were, inside Samaria! 21 When the king of Israel saw them, told Elisha, “My father, shall I kill them?”22 He said, “Don’t kill those taken captive without sword or bow give food to eat and water to drink and go to their master.” So they were set free by Elisha. In Chronicles 21:12 a three year famine  or three month’s destruction by enemy with sword or three day’s sword by the LORD, pestilence in the land by angel of the LORD destroying all coasts of Israel. “The days are coming,” says the LORD God, “I will send famine on the land not famine of bread, thirst, diseases. Famine of lack of knowledge of God people face pestilence locusts and insects destroying produce of earth. Droughts, diseases are part of endtime birthpang warnings. In Italy money is so useless its thrown on the streets seen in these pictures. Love of money is root of all evil so what shall it profit you to gain the whole world but lose your soul? Money can’t buy God or save you from hell fire punishments so repent, accept Jesus to go in the Rapture alive to heaven before great tribulation.IMG-20200402-WA0001 IMG-20200402-WA0000Take heed, ask God for mercy in Jesus  Name. In Isaiah 51:19 two things befall the nations, mourning, devastation and destruction, famine sword. Ask God to forgive nations and comforts all in Jesus Name  In Acts 11:28 Agabus said, by the Spirit of God there will be great famine all over the world which took place in reign of Claudius. In Matthew 24:7 Jesus said, nations will rise against nations so kingdom against kingdom and in many places famines, earthquakes. Luke 4:25-27 says in truth many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah. The sky was shut three years and six months in great famine over all the land. Jesus warns of events and comes in Clouds in Rapture. Things get worse before it gets better so trust God so no weapon formed against you will prosper in Jesus Name. God is in control of your life hidden in Christ. In God live, move and have your being. Thank and Praise the LORD, Give HIM GLORY in all situations of life. Be ready for God’s intervention, confident in God. Pray God SHORTENS evil days.

Pray for God’s Peace on earth for God’s help and GIVE HIM NO REST DAY AND NIGHT UNTIL HE MAKES JERUSALEM A PRAISE IN ALL THE EARTH. All nations are connected to Israel and so belong to God. Your body is God’s Temple Holy so God’s Spirit dwells in you to help, teach, comfort, lead you to God’s Bible Truth. Value your life and your precious body is priceless take care follow instruction to be safe in Jesus Name. Keep in touch, check on others or text, phone, email, skype, letters. Pray and worship God at home it is well with you ask God to save you in the Rapture in Jesus Name. God bless you. Jesus appeared again in my dream three times is ready for Rapture. He is calling you to accept Him repent to rescue you in Rapture before its too late. Jesus warned 2000 years ago that these things will happen on the earth. Call on God to save your life so your soul will go in eternity on passing before Rapture. A peak view of heaven shows blissful life of joy, no more pain, grief, sorrow so no more death but eternal joy with Christ,  God, saints, angels, family reunion with loved ones forever in heaven. Ensure to have your name written in God’s BOOK OF LIFE. All whose names are found in book of life are Children of God go into eternal life in heaven in Jesus Name. Be sure to ask God to save you in Christ.  

 

JESUS LOVES YOU SO MUCH

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SUGAR BLACKSLAVE HISTORY

15713054607238903501092629203849.jpgBlack History Month October celebrates abolition of slaves whose wealth enrich G7 Western Europe and America but deprived slaves of their dignity and long life so slaves became traumatized. 15713056029367773464045337576003.jpgTriangular trade from Europe on ships to Africa to Carribean to America back to Europe. G7 member nations enslaved Africans. Belgian King Leopold invited them jointly to divide and own Africa.15713055252467866924691785551731.jpg Almost a thousand years black slavery continued despite official abolition law. Slavery produced sugar, cocoa, coffee, cotton for “triangle merchants” of slave trade in Britain, Africa and West Indies. 15713054895557916154530721927074.jpgTriangle trips carried guns, goods from England to Africa for slaves from Africa to Caribbean. Sugar, coffee, cotton and rum to England for commercial slavery by supply and demand on plantations. 1571305574491870094090532857700.jpg15714076486934305525943298638509.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0021.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0011.jpgAtlantic crossing from Africa Middle Passage shows cruelties of plantations in the British Caribbean. Africans were herded on slave ships and branded with irons labels people property of owners.15713033917892027579692775521469.jpgPortuguese also built sugar plantations in 1550’s off the coast of their Brazilian settlement colony, located on the island Sao Vincente. Portuguese and Spanish colonial presence in Caribbean Iberian Peninsula wealth cultivated cash crops.15713030689847713844378615539055.jpgThe economic boom of these plantations began colonizing remaining American territories to capitalize on the lucrative cultivation and trade of native’s natural resources. Sugar is the most important crop in Caribbean but other crops such as coffee, indigo, wheat and rice grown. 15712992630563548705097506481294.jpgThe coastal sugae cane was best grown on the flat land near coastal waters as the soil was naturally yellow and fertile. The mountainous parts of islands were used for sugarcane cultivation industry. IMG-20191017-WA0010.jpgslavery-west-indies-granger.jpg15712987137944748591809211620677.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0004.jpg348s.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0020.jpgThe coastal placement of commercial ports gave imperial states a geographic advantage to ship the crop throughout the transatlantic world. Sugar Slavery  trading of the Africans highly profitable not paying slaves for enforced labour. downloadfile-1.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0014.jpgSlave-Ship-pic-4-Wikipedia.jpg15714064266664307134901227462768.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0015.jpg15713038953617219558390950064672.jpg15713037481496759185923572241666.jpg15713036678907107097446613800368.jpgSlaves lived in appalling conditions but masters indulged in excessive luxury by toils of slaves. Triangular trade profits  prospered the West but underdeveloped blacks made poor despite the hardwork. 15713035569197275545111601093952.jpgwp-1571322668408.jpgManufactured goods were traded to the West African coast for slaves, who were shipped to the sugar colonies by middle passage. Sugar, molasses, rum, shipped from these islands back into England.15713038363315671248783757607047.jpg15713038628448686754927140878564.jpg15713036996912748769302716101649.jpg15713036364091737502484623690543.jpgSugar was the main crop produced on  plantations throughout Caribbean in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Most of the islands were covered with sugar cane fields and mills for refining sugar. IMG-20191017-WA0003.jpgportraet_sklaverei_zucker_g.jpg15713001247174007076067301082629.jpg15713002203195667591899451618769.jpg15713001854538734211621372862312.jpg15713001504746913528570416798187.jpgwp-1571311816344.jpg15713002724015553289083152949101.jpgThe main source of labour was enslaved Africans. After the abolition of slavery, indentured labourers from IndiaChina, Java migrated to Caribbean to work on sugar plantations. Plantations produced 80 – 90% sugar used in Western Europe.15712995770488034116736118045599.jpg15712996195613941216406783616691.jpg15712997447027764109633942991300.jpg15712995281323834808765635583176.jpgSugar enabled slave labour for profits with tragic consequences in Caribbean. Imperial powers forced West Africans to cultivate sugar by slaves. Exploited labour, natural world created imperial conflicts in these Caribbean regions._108506961_gettyimages-1002312094.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0002.jpgIMG-20191031-WA0004.jpg15713029223757577184974282763473.jpg 157130286531419080874850560467.jpg15713027760246994249402391806889.jpg15713028101291278500655225486775.jpg15712977059634715966485674610399.jpgUse political and economic control they create to divide and rule people policy of animosity. Conflicts among English, Spanish, French and various indigenous people was used for territorial gain.15712964787331552835795446583723.jpg15712950696973492756233402938394.jpg15712972087976309023403494269657.jpg15712989701492300170279122619503.jpg 15712973826202918078063655814609.jpg15712954764466783854135368343091.jpgEuropean states exploited environment, resources so sugar production began to stagnate. Due loss of trees for timber in the sugar refinement process, European imperial powers competed and fought over Caribbean in middle 17th century.slave_dynasty_i1.jpg15712948461163990403389790355463.jpg15712948817835962190680372982605.jpg15712953753492679276778321664742.jpg15712961917284396878281626055702.jpg1571294941734562424695867162323.jpg15712950360621362782314632360478.jpgEuropean settlers’ entry into Caribbean world caused changes. The indigenous populations died due to influx of world diseases of colonists. Population losses from 8.4 – 112.5 millions of these native populations cleared way for plantation industry and less conflict for Europeans and all these indigenous peoples too15712965493371578408370674417736.jpg15712966476488592384520750409745.jpgColonial arrival of sugar cane culture impact societie’s economy in Caribbean. Increased ratio of slaves to freemen and increased the sizes of slave plantations. Sugar plantation use of slaves affected cash crop economies in cultivation. The large plantations with the slaves Africa  imported worked on plantations. 15712956357681865740619933022642.jpg15712955869055477780312402713803.jpgPrior to 1650 three-quarters of island’s population was of European descent. In 1680 plantation in Barbados increased to about 60 slaves. So sugar plantations expanded transatlantic trade prospers. In 1832, plantation in Jamaica had 150 slaves one in four lived with 250 slaves. 15712945434372021039766678971733.jpg15712947049235987567928405600593.jpgAbout 100 years, Barbados was richest European colony in Caribbean region. Then sugar cane production expanded to larger colonies Saint-Domingue and Jamaica. Mass sugar industry sugarcane processed commodities: rummolasses, and falernumWest India Interest was formed in 1740s by British merchants to West Indian sugar planters. 15712969933543584698609408312672.jpg157129755509656600633346701060.jpg15712963455442945155011821550429.jpg15712962302017147386549329208022.jpgwp-1571322746426.jpgBritish and West Indies shared profits or costs. needs. This first sugar-trading company was powerful in Parliament. In 1740s Jamaica and Saint Domingue or Haiti world’s main sugar producers. IMG-20191017-WA0000.jpgIncreased production in St. Domingue used irrigation system French engineers built. Reservoirsdiverted dam levees  aqueducts and canals. Improved mills and varieties of cane and grasses helped increase profits. St. Domingue in 19th century Haiti and Cuba sugar plantation Caribbean did better than British island.1571297025702538564298899779586.jpgIn the 19th century, sugar dominated  MartiniqueGrenadaJamaicaSaint CroixBarbadosLeeward IslandsSaint DomingueCuba, and other island run by FrenchBritish, or Spanish owners. During late 19th and 20th centuries the sugar cane industry dominated Puerto Rico‘s economy by colonial rule of Spain and under United States. 1571294727684996436954631513550.jpgAfter slavery, sugar plantation labour was workers imported from colonial India, Southern China. In 20th century, large-scale sugar production using wage labour continued in many parts of the region. Sugar cane industry’s negative impact affected the environment as this industry grew in Caribbean countries. 15712951825801502632195092917389.jpgThese include the destruction of forests, water pollution, loss of fertility, erosion of soils. These problems on a different scale in Dominican Republic in the 16th century; Lesser Antilles in 17th century; Jamaica, Haiti in 18th century, Cuba and Puerto Rico in 19th century. The nations impacted by sugar on the environment.15712952542173744336540029352835.jpgThe deterioration natural environment, had socio-economic consequences. And took its toll on Africans an integral part to cultivation, production of sugarcane. Slaves toiled in fields, boiling houses to supply huge amounts of labour sugar required. Four million slaves survived  Caribbean sugar plantations. wp-1571330195777.jpgConditions were harsh, mortality rates high through all stages of slaves’ lives. Some sugar colonie’s slave population ten times less than the European slave uprisings ever-present fear of planters. Slave trading highly profitable triangle of trade of Atlantic manufactured goods traded to West African coast for slaves shipped to sugar colonies of the middle passage and sugar, molasses, and rum were shipped from islands to England.wp-1571330138914.jpgSlavery in England  deemed illegal since 1772. The slavery in sugar colonies was vigorously pursued in Parliament and publication throughout last quarter of eighteenth century to time of abolition of trade in 1807, emancipation in 1833.15712977450102090396760846491987.jpg wp-1571330017603.jpgwp-1571330075100.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0001.jpg15712970952265673717702786919787.jpg15712945434372021039766678971733.jpg15713021011131294159836164367675.jpg15712969306591487070998245117838.jpgdownloadfile-2.jpg12355_2014_311_Fig1_HTML.jpgAbolitionists arguments against slavery was support in England and in America. Abolitionist movement boycotted slave-grown sugar by protests is celebrated as key component of abolition’s success.15712979796166770357711539697198.jpggettyimages-919491468-612x612.jpg15712985345335906738950765594570.jpg1571300771153191415282151247452.jpg15713004757394126936251265247884.jpg15713005171167919886088148258374.jpg15713007268423280865825419848256.jpgBoycott from writings to educate sugar is derived from blood, sweat and tears of slaves pollutes the body. The planters by prospect of abolition emancipation, attack on their financial interests, place in empire argued in favour of slavery.15713009777485298377118240667583.jpg20191024_104134.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0006.jpg15712980902104280568193144664796.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0005.jpg15713003436563749568168188652437.jpg15713014110543316473429243866261.jpg15713013089491042850157734430430.jpg15713011469935621723745379844781.jpgWilliam Beckford, large-scale Jamaican planter wrote about the island unable to inherited plantation debt. Plantations profit dwindled by later plantation era so planters were compensated for their loss of earnings. Slaves never received compensations, restitution or apology. 15712989421675147982996667160052.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0009.jpg15713018236223543718958756404016.jpg15713016238362599330973898756795.jpg20191018_194544.jpg15712991574789124671528049609976.jpg15713015641859068275661653780133.jpg1571301463714798903122388001392.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0008.jpg15713014963618985587415087318746.jpg1571301334033345284614607997855.jpgInstead suffer racism from the people who sent ships thousand of miles to drag them from their homeland into strange lands. Many slaves after the wars were sent from America to Liberia and Sierra Leone in western Africa.20191017_095342.jpgIt was a problem their roots could not be traced having been renamed by force despite protests of Kunta Kinte. Natives discriminated against them because they were not indigenous citizens. And residue from slavery and colonialism is institutional racism still directed black people today.20191017_095707.jpgInvincible chain of slavery, colonialism racism hatred propaganda promote the harassment of black people. Western countries built by slave labour, natural resources usurped controlled by West. African economies are still owned by Western nations exploiting resources. Yet conqueror parasites play the victim despite depending on African slavery and ccolonialism. Kings like Prempeh exiled to Sierra Leone and Seychelles for resisting slavery and colonialism. IMG-20191018-WA0005.jpgNelson Mandela was incarcerated many years others like Lumumba killed for fighting back. Kwame Nkrumah was toppled by coup detat directed by West replaced by stooges to control Africans. Africans enslaved and those colonised are both victims of the West exploiting them. African resources: diamond, gold, in Ghana, Guinea,  Mali, Songhai empire Mansa Musa Aldrisi supersized gold tied to horse taken by whites. Gold abundant it was dished out freely to loyal citizens. Gold taken over as diamonds. Africans did not gain from slavery to enrich the kings as people claim. But stripped of natural resources owned by Western countries. Africa never had economic independence is still controlled by the Western nations today. West markets all finished goods processed from natural resources from Africa back to Africans. Forced dependency on West sabotages Africa’s self-sufficiency stops revenues of multibillions of dollars for the West. Average person consumes 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar a year or 33.1 kilograms (73 lb) in Western developed countries, over 260 food calories per day. As sugar consumption grew in the 20th century,  a diet high in refined sugar damages human health. Excessive consumption causes obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and tooth decay. The World Health Organization recommend adults and children reduce their intake of sugar to less than 10% encouraged to reduce to below 5%, total energy intake.

GOD GIVES PERFECT PEACE

GOD keeps in PERFECT PEACE the MIND kept on GOD because of TRUSTING GOD says Isaiah 26:3. A man declared FAITH in God that if GOD slays him he STILL LOVES AND TRUSTS GOD. In Job 13:15, Job’s faith in GOD was tested yet TRUSTS God and maintains his ways before God.15710500170627782202892357446392.jpgJesus Disciples said, they have nowhere else to go because Jesus has the WORDS OF ETERNAL LIFE. In John 6:68, Simon Peter answered Jesus, Lord to whom do we go? No matter their fate, challenging circumstances of life they had nowhere to go but run to LOVING ARMS OF GOD.1571049947069757816999684027485.jpgJesus asked His twelve disciples “Do you want to leave too like Judas Iscariot for greedy love of money, for pleasures of the world etc betrayed Jesus? They said absolutely not because he who has the Son has life. No matter the issues of life Jesus warned of these perilous times.D.15710498484774482450719129202222.jpgThe Have CONFIDENCE in GOD to see you through life in Jesus Name. GOD says do not fear those who kill flesh but cannot kill the soul in Jesus Name FEAR GOD who kills soul. Bible says in John 16:2 they will put you out of synagogues or kill thinking they are DOING GOD a favour. The day is coming they will face WRATH of GOD on DAY of the LORD.wp-1571053184636.jpgJESUS COMES TO GIVE LIFE EVEN LIFE MORE ABUNDANTLY IN JESUS NAME. As citizens of heaven THE REAL LIFE ETERNAL IN ETERNITY IS YET TO COME to reunite LOVED ONES as devil burns in hell for attacking GOD’S people globally. Example of faith is testimony of Horatio Spafford’s faith in GOD in his time of adversity. Weeping may endure  but joy comes in the morning for those who MOURN with HOPE in Christ.15710499640867255745608443986295.jpgOn being notified of tragedy at sea and the loss of his children, Horatio Spafford immediately set sail for Wales to reunite with his heartbroken wife. Once at sea, Spafford asked the captain to point out exactly where the Ville du Havre sunk.
As he crossed fateful spot grief-stricken father sat with pen in hand and wrote what become one of Christendom’s most beloved song of HOPE and TRUST in GOD ELOHIM JEHOVAH in CHRIST.wp-1571053218214.jpgChristian believer’s salvation is in Christ alone because there is no other name given among men by which to be saved. In Psalm 139:8 Bible says, “If I ascend to the heavens GOD is there; if I descend in Sheol GOD is there. GOD’S WORD does not go void so achieves GOD’S purpose for sending word. In Psalm 139:9 If rise on wings of dawn or settle by farthest sea GOD is there. There is nowhere to go to escape wrath of God its a futile desire to run from the LORD so RUN to GOD. 15710853891056583687574779996534.jpgPhilippians 4:7 says the PEACE OF GOD which passes all human understanding will keep your HEART and MIND SAFE in UNION with CHRIST JESUS. Its GOD’S Grace, Mercy and Compassion that gives Strength to endure in adversity to cope with grief, sorrow, pain, loss. GOD is still on the Throne so in Control of your life. 

PERFECT PEACE FOR ALL WHO TRUST GOD.

When peace, like a river, attendeth my way, When sorrows like sea billows roll;
Whatever my lot, Thou has taught me to say, It is well, it is well, with my soul.

Though satan should buffet, though trials should come,
Let this blest assurance control,
That Christ has regarded my helpless estate,
And hath shed His own blood for my soul.
(Refrain)
It is well, with my soul,
It is well, it is well, with my soul.

REAL TRUE VALENTINE LOVE

One of the oldest and rarest Valentines in existence uncovered offers the secret to lasting love. Centuries-old illustrated letter sent on February 14, 1818, coming up for auction on Valentine’s Day and it could potentially fetch a four-figure sum. For the last 20 years, its carefully stored in an album and protected from sunlight by Gavin Littaur, from London. On Friday, February 14 set to go under the hammer at Derbyshire’s Hansons Auctioneers, with a guide price of £600-£800. Mr Littaur said: “I’m a bit of a romantic so talking about Valentine rekindles my love for it. It’s so beautiful exceptionally. One of the reasons I’m selling it is to show the collecting world what an outstanding early Valentine really looks like. “I bought it at auction more than 20 years ago. I don’t recall exactly how much I paid for it, but it was expensive at the time. George III would have been on the throne when this embossed letter was made by Dobbs of London more than 200 years ago. It’s one of the earliest postally-used Valentines in existence.“Any pre-Victorian one is very rare. I once owned a Valentine from 1801 but it wasn’t as stunning as this one. I’ve been a collector of postal history for decades and it’s the finest I’ve ever seen.” The hand-painted, 202-year-old Regency letter features hearts, flowers, Cupid, lovebirds and the address of the recipient. It was sent to Miss L Shafe, of White Row, Spitalfields, London. She received the following message under title, ‘Affectionate Pledge of Unfeigned Attachment’: ‘From him who upon the return of another Valentine’s Day, looks forward with pleasure to the time when his hopes may be realised to receive her hand accompanied with her heart for whom he feels not a wild romantic love, which abates after a short acquaintance but affection which time increases and not diminishes.’ Jim Spencer anpaper specialist at Hansons, said: “What a sensible chap no flash-in-the-pan passion for him. It’s a Valentine message worthy of Jane Austen novel. It’s formal, honest, honourable far cry from some of  messages we see on Valentines for sale today. “Perhaps his message to Miss Shafe offers us the secret of lasting love affection gradually increases over time

“We’ll never know if he won her heart by his admission of not feeling wild passion, but I hope he did. It’s a superb early Valentine in very good condition and deserves to excel at auction. “Mr Littaur is respected and knowledgeable collector and I agree wholeheartedly with his comments about its pedigree. Someone will surely fall in love with this.” Gavin says: “Collecting is a bit like marriage. The most passionate moment is the first time you see something special, like this Valentine. It’s also very satisfying, when one actually acquires the item. But, over time, the intense excitement gradually fades. “Though I look at it on Valentine day occasionally show it to friends if you own something for decades the time comes when you want others to enjoy it, while you are still around.” The Regency Valentine on folding paper bears the manufacturer’s watermark, Dobbs 1815, and its original red sealing wax. As well as the central romantic verse within a gilt love heart, it has embossed floral border of vibrant watercolour floral border surmounted by two gilt doves and a heart pierced with crossed arrows on Valentine card.20200307_124541

Fascinating Footnote: A Happy Ending?

After story published story received the following message from reader: ‘I don’t know if you’re interested but I looked for the marriage of Miss L Shafe and found Miss Lydia Shafe who married Edmundus Burn at St Leonard’s Church, Shoreditch, on 28th December, 1819. The witnesses were Mary Burn and Clifford Elisha. Edmundas was stationer and bookbinder. He and Lydia lived in Brighton. They had five children. This original owner of card said he  desired a genuine caring lover. She turned out to be the real wife he needed. And to find this kind of spouse this book will help to many things about yourself truth and an honesty people need. The occasion to speak with specific people to deal with a specific circumstance of the truth in life.
Reading this book helps to discover the motives and intentions of the heart in a situation of honesty. Books of the Bible are applied in this process of studying to be sincere without hurting others. In Book of Proverbs Taming your Tongue’ helps spouses to relate better. So many other Books of the Bible verses in plan to study daily for 30 days to focus on the exact need for the truth and nothing but the whole truth in a humble and polite manner to guide others to grow wiser. It is not to feel proud or superior to others but to seek what is best for people. This book truly is life altering book for me to make people more aware not to cause offence to people. The truth is better to help deal with situations to support the loved ones or colleagues at work. Helps to approach others by deep reflection of what to say to think of impact of words to the hearer. Will it uplift their spirit or encourage them to build up confidence. Word salads to prove how smart or how intelligent one is puts people off not to listen to that person they soon avoid. To become a truly better person you need this informative book. Thank God HIS words are put in this book for specific moments in life to communicate better in love as a family of God in this global world community.

To view the lot and bid CLICK HERE

Lot 1000 was sold on February 14, 2020 at Hansons Auctioneers, Heage Lane, Etwall, Derbyshire DE65 6LS. To find out more to arrange free valuations of books or works on paper, email jspencer@hansonsauctioneers.co.uk.