TACKLING DIFFICULT PEOPLE

wp-1578833977605.jpgQuestion: “What does Bible say about dealing with difficult people?”

Answer: We all know people we find so “difficult”and deal with difficult people. A difficult person is very condescending argumentative, belligerent, selfish, and flippant, obtuse, simply rude. Difficult people “push one’s buttons” and stir up trouble. Dealing with difficult people is an exercise in patience, love, and grace. Response to difficult people from Jesus’ interactions He never displayed attitude of harsh superiority or dismissive pride. wp-1578834260762.jpgHe showed His authority under control to rebuke when necessary in John 8:47 to deal with the difficult people, remain silent in John 8:6 when asked questions in Mark 11:28–29 in Scripture in Mark 10:2–3 tells story in Luke 7:40–42. In the Sermon on the Mount Jesus dealt with difficult people in love and humility: “I tell you: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you pray for all who mistreat you.wp-1578834206139.jpg If someone strikes you on a cheek turn the other. If someone takes your cloak, do not stop him from taking your tunic. Give to who asks you, if anyone takes what belongs to you don’t demand it back. Do to others as you would have them do to you” in Luke 6:27–31. Never give tit for tat: “Do not repay evil with evil or insult with insult repay evil with blessing, for this you were called inherit blessing” in 1 Peter 3:9. In dealing with difficult people guard against pride.wp-1578834096919.jpg Its important to recall advise given by apostle Paul in Romans 12:3: “By grace of God I say to you don’t think too highly of yourself. Think of yourself with the humility by faith God has given you” in Philippians 2:3–4. When difficult people approach you deal with the situation in meekness. Love is the key to “Love your neighbour as yourself” in Galatians 5:14 to show God’s love to all difficult people. Wisdom is needed to deal with difficult people. In Proverbs 12:16 patience is the key to such relationships: “A fool shows his annoyance at once but the prudent man overlooks insult.” Proverbs 20:3 says peace-making of honour to avoid strife but fools quickly quarrel.”wp-1578834341622.jpg Proverbs 10:12, encourages giving love, “Hatred stirs up conflict but love covers all wrongs.” Proverbs 17:14 is foresight on “Starting quarrel like breaching dam as disputes breaks out” Best to avoid the situation altogether choosing carefully whom we associate with: “Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered” in Proverbs 22:24. Dealing with difficult people in life is unavoidable but do not respond in the flesh to bring out worst in you. Deal with difficult people by the fruit of Spirit in us in Galatians 5:22–23.wp-1578834322634.jpg By the grace of God, deal with difficult people in love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faith, gentleness, and self-control. Extend love, grace, and mercy God extends to us, careful not to be difficult people ourselves. 2 Timothy 3 says in the last days the perilous times shall come. People will be lovers of  self, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful and ungrateful. 4 Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, fierce, despisers of those who are good traitors, 5 heady, highminded lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; wp-1578833839523.jpgHaving a form of Godliness, but deny HIS power from such turn away. 6 This sort creep into houses and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,7 Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of truth. 8 As Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses they resist truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith. 9 They will proceed no further their folly manifests to all 10 Know God’s doctrine for life’s purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience, love, forgive like Jesus.wp-1578833896562.jpg9 They will proceed no further 11 So endure persecutions afflictions for the LORD delivers out of all. 12 Live Godly life in Christ Jesus despite persecution. 13 Evil people and seducers get worse deceiving and deceived 14 Continue in the things you learn and know 15 From childhood. You know Holy Scriptures to make you wise unto salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. 16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God is profitable doctrine for correction and instruction in righteousness 17 so the people of God perfectly furnished to do good works.

Recommended Resource: Who’s Pushing Your Buttons? Handling the Difficult People in Your Life by Dr. John Townsend

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HAVE A BLESSED NEW YEAR

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YOUNG HELPING HOMELESS

wp-1577603600932.jpgAn 11 year old helped 20,000 homeless people by giving them “Blessing Bags.” In Chicago, IL Jahkil Jackson the 11-year old boy from Chicago already helped over 20,000 homeless people in his city by giving away ‘Blessing Bags’ through his organization Project I Am. At young age of 8, started helping people through small ways and he is up for bigger goals as he grows older. “Seeing people on the street made me really sad and I thought everybody had homes,” Jackson told Today. Jackson was 5-years old when he first saw a homeless person. Since then, he asked his mother if they could buy houses for all homeless people. It seems a far-fetched idea a young child, made efforts to help through his organization Project I Am established when he was 8-years old. He gives toiletries, food, and water stuffed in what he called ‘Blessing Bags’ to homeless people in Chicago, Los Angeles, Washington, DC, Atlanta, Idaho and Virginia. His efforts are not limited nationally he helps internationally like orphans in Mbabane, Swaziland, volcano victims in Guatemala, hurricane survivors in Florida, Houston and Puerto Rico. “Giving bags to people makes me feel like getting step closer to demolishing the whole homeless thing… it makes me happy to see the smiles on their faces,” Jackson said. Jackson, who was named Youth Ambassador for one of a world’s anti-poverty organizations Heartland Alliance International in 2016, has been acknowledged by the former President Barack Obama of three most influential people of 2017. “To know someone like him knows my name, supports what I do encourages me to keep doing every day,” he said in interview with Forbes. Basketball superstar LeBron James recognized him helps promote Project I Am. Jackson, who loves basketball as a fan and a player, dreams of having his NBA team one day. Jackson help the less-fortunate people in any way he can. “There’s way more homeless people in the world I can help, that I need to help.”wp-1577608273851.jpgIn Birmingham, AL Ethan Hill, a 9-year old boy from Alabama, is applauded for his efforts of giving back to community by helping the homeless. He purchased 100 sleeping bags and food for homeless in Birmingham. For two years Ethan has been helping homeless in every holiday season by giving sleeping bags and care packages. In third year doing so, Ethan is trying to make sure he gets to help more homeless people set goal buying 100 $10 sleeping bags. Ethan and family fundraising campaign on Facebook is to raise funds for the homeless raised over $6,500. His advocacy caught attention of City of Birmingham and Mayor Randall Woodfin, who described his efforts as “servant leadership at its finest,” wrote on Twitter. Academy Sports, Outdoors reached out to Ethan and offered him a $1,000 shopping spree to contribute to his initiative. The store opened early to accommodate Ethan purchases sleeping bags, gloves, cold weather socks, hand warmers, meal assortment buckets, and more for the homeless people. What a great example these two young boys are to encourage all to show compassion to the homeless. A veteran soldier became homeless after injuring his back. He had a pregnant  wife at home and medical bills unpaid. Yet when he found wallet full.of cash run after the owner to give it back.  When asked why, he said its the right thing to do it did not belong to him so there are honest poor people in this world. He was rewarded for his honesty but spent the money for food shared with the other homeless people around him. The wallet owner saw his action so gave him more insisting that he keeps it for himself and his family. Jesus said by giving to the least into give to Him. wp-1577616455517.jpgGod says kindness to the poor touches HIM to heal. Children are given boxes to save to give to the poor. And pray daily three times if they “neglect the poor in society God must curse them.” I was surprised at their prayer but they practice what they teach. Is example to others to learn from them. So never underestimate the homeless if you talk to them you realise they were once successful people. Some in high positions of society they owned homes, raised family but due to health issues or divorce end up homeless. The word of God says a nation is judged by how they treat the poor in society. There are negative stereotype images of what a homeless person is. Mother Theresa said poor people are the most kindest they share the little they have. Another  Maryland boy hands out ‘Hero Boxes’ to homeless vets for Thanksgiving Day and others on Christmas day too numerous to include all in this post. An eight-year-old boy from Maryland gave back this Thanksgiving by providing homeless veterans with ‘Hero Bags’ filled with warm clothes and hygiene products. On Tuesday, Tyler Shillings and his mother, Andrea Blackstone, gave out 65 of the bags to needy men and women who served. Giving is not just about money, a smile, talking to homeless treating them with dignity rather than as scum of the earth makes God very happy because all people are HIS creation and HE loves them all too. God provides more than enough resources for all and all to be like little children  to enter the Kingdom of God in Jesus Name. Some received by Christ for such godly deeds they did not realise God notices so keeps records of. Bedford teenager foregoes birthday gifts to help food banKatya Barwood with donated foodKatya Barwood 13, chose items nappies, tin openers, toiletries and washing-up liquid. The 13-year-old girl asked for charity donations instead of birthday presents handed over groceries worth of £500 to a food bank. Katya Barwood, of Bedford, wanted to help those less fortunate than her. “I got way more joy giving them the food rather than having presents all to myself,” she said. Bedford Foodbank manager Sarah Broughton said Katya’s donation was “unusual” and described her as an “amazing and incredible young lady.Isaac and Katya donating foodKatya went with her brother Isaac to personally donate the food. Katya said she got the idea after visiting food bank with her Scout group. Used donations to pay for large online supermarket order. A lot of people need help but the charity can’t help all, so I thought instead of me having a birthday that was all about me, I could do something to help them,” she said. I’m probably a lot more fortunate than they are and they deserve to have this so I put them before me. Her father Tom Barwood, said: “She is a very single-minded and motivated girl and when she gets an idea, off she goes.”Katya Barwood with donated foodTwo full car loads of items were taken to Bedford Foodbank. Ms Broughton said Katya’s donation weighed about 260kg (41st) would make 108 meals. The charity is currently feeding about 650 people a month, and last academic year fed 7,433, she said. After her father praised her endeavours on Facebook page We Are Bedford, Carly Kaczorowski, who has used a foodbank, said: “What an amazing young lady you have raised. “Too many children nowadays only think of themselves and or material items. She is a credit to you.”

Bedford teenager foregoes birthday gifts to help food bank

JESUS UNITES ALL IN ISRAEL

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Galatians 3:26-28 says not a Jew, Gentile, Greek, SLAVE, free, MALE, FEMALE ALL ARE ONE IN CHRIST JESUS. In the Bible Jesus Christ of Nazareth came to SAVE to redeem ALL FAMILIES in Christ. God created all black and white people equal in God’s Kingdom, no rank, class, status. SOVEREIGN GOD JEHOVAH and CHRIST JESUS are Ultimate Authority all submit to in ETERNAL LIFE. So Matthew 22:30 says after resurrection people DO NOT MARRY so no virgins to marry. Glorified body is like angels in heaven in eternal life so no need to marry, to give birth to replenish earth in future. All restored to youthful bodies, healed, live perfectly healthy lives eternally. Love is directed totally first to God and to Jesus Christ flowing through all people. There is no need to seek fulfilment through a human being because all are fulfilled in Christ Jesus. The supernatural love God fills mankind with is superior to human love. All LOVE comes from God through Jesus the Bridegroom, enriched deeply in Christ Jesus Alone in eternal life. So human romance pales in comparison to GOD’S DEEPEST LOVE BEYOND human understanding in terms of earthly love. Earthly love is full of disappointment, pain, hurt and grief. A Heavenly LOVE yet fully experienced on earth glimpses of true love found here, there on earth.4bdde64e26478018c275ab2ae84328d6.jpgPERFECT LOVE after GLORIOUS BODY IS FOUND IN CHRIST so no human can provide angelic love for glorified body higher being in Christ Jesus. ETERNAL LIFE IN GOD’S PRESENCE is NO HATRED VENGEANCE, Bitterness or vendetta for only the PURE IN HEART FULL OF LOVE ENTER GOD’S PRESENCE. GOD IS LOVE in heaven no evil on earth exists after judgement BY JEHOVAH. Only the sheep enter heaven and goats are thrown out into hellfire burning forever. A banquet by KING MASTER JESUS for all no slaves IN HEAVEN. Emancipate yourself from the arrogant mental slavery justifying abuse of people in THE NAME of God. Vengeance belongs to Jehovah to meet out so stop misleading the people with twisted lies misquoting Bible to deceive naive vulnerable people. Only Jesus is able to Comfort us and restore PERFECT PEACE we crave because human love is limited. Be content, so grateful, thankful for families you feel not good for you. It is God who puts people in families for a reason. Trust God with your family and AVOID ANYONE WHO DIVIDES FAMILY! 29131.jpgJesus the Messiah is surrounded by His mother, father siblings in His Ministry on earth and in heaven with Jesus. Any Church that divides family is a cult for manipulation naive members to control them by CUTTING OFF from loved ones who SEE THROUGH FAKE PASTORS. The fake pastor deceives people for control weakens them without back up support challenging controlling behaviour. They fear families standing up to stop abuse so anyone who knows the Bible well or confronts them is blackmailed and also vilified to subdue members. They make examples of people to humiliate them to put fear in them to become ZOMBIES or robots they control. Beware of anyone twisting BIBLE to CONTROL your life because who the SON JESUS SETS FREE IS FREE INDEED!!! God is LOVE and by love people know you are the children of God.  Jesus LOVE YOUR ENEMIES do good to those who hate you and do not inherit enmity and hatred from a bitter miserable people preaching evil hatred.  God’s promise to Abraham the land of Israel is a BLESSING to ALL NATIONS.Galatians_3-28.jpgIn Genesis 12:2; 18:18; 22:17–18; 26:3–4 God fulfilled promise to Abraham, first in the nation of Israel then all nations. Israel’s technological, agricultural, and medical innovations, advances help all people in the world. God’s greatest meaningful fulfillment of covenant promise is Word of God Jewish people gave all world. God faithfully protects and brought Israel’s eternal salvation through faith in Jesus the Messiah. So Father God in Lord Jesus Messiah by His great mercy Christians born agains are raised the Messiah from dead. To live in future is a great expectation of priceless inheritance in heaven, pure, undefiled, beyond death and decay. Through faith, God protects by HIS power to endure to end, receive crown of life 1 Peter 1:3–5.  God’s destiny for Abraham to become the father of MULTITUDE of NATIONS includes Gentile nations fulfilled in Jesus, a direct descendant of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob Israel in Matthew 1:2–17.  God LOVES people of all tribes, tongues, nationalities, languages in Jesus as heirs of Abraham and joint heir with Christ.

imageGod’s joint heirs are kings and priests of God in Christ Jesus. There is neither Jew nor Greek, neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; you are ALL ONE IN MESSIAH YESHUA. In MESSIAH you are Abraham’s seed heirs according to promise in Galatians 3:2729. Today know Jesus better by READING BIBLE to STUDY LIKE BEREANS not just do what so called fake control freak cult pastors order you to do to manipulate your life. Messiah Jesus is coming to decide your reward based on if you are HIS SHEEP. Not what the fake prophet misquoted in Bible designed to lie to you because you lack knowledge. God says  MY PEOPLE are destroyed for lack of knowledge of Bible. God says Study to show yourself APPROVED TO GOD not show off Bible verses you memorized. But APPLY the Bible to each need you have, read the specific TEXT daily to meet your need.Galatians+3_26-28.jpgEach one faces God alone on judgement day so remember God will not ask about what the pastor told you. God demands account of your PERSONAL LIFE not the total social media number of followers, bank accounts, mansions, private jets, size of your family, your status, class, colour or race. Each person must share Gospel to DIRECT PEOPLE TO GOD IN CHRIST. The Church you attend or the denomination  is IRRELEVANT TO GOD. Letter to seven Churches in Bible warns Churches. Israel and Jewish people are ONE IN CHRIST JESUS to fulfill all God’s feasts, prophecies covenant promises.  Isaiah 27:6 says, God will cause them that come of Jacob to take root Israel shall blossom and bud to fill the face of the world with fruit. The people of Israel return from parts of the world  their ancestors dispersed take root. The land is blessed and people blessed in the world. Israel’s desert desolate is a major exporter of food to the world. The crops are major export by companies in Israel Isaiah predicted. Isaiah predicted in the Word of God over 2,600 years ago fruit of the land blessing Earth with physical food exported and fruits of God’s Word confirms by Holy Spirit in Christ Jesus. Matthew+1-22+To+Fulfill+What+Was+Spokne+By+The+Lord+Through+Prophets+red.jpg Zechariah says all nations on earth will come yearly to Israel to celebrate Feast of Tabernacles to worship LORD of Hosts. Zechariah 14:16. Isaiah points to road connecting Egypt to Assyria and through this area access road is being built called King’s Highway. Building a super highways links them with all the surrounding nations. These prophesies of Isaiah and Zechariah prepares way in advance in time for Messiah’s rule from His Throne in Israel. Jesus Rules whole Earth and all people will know God in the millennial kingdom in Israel after rapture and His second coming on earth after Armageddon. The land is prepared today to fulfil prophecy of Messiah Jesus as KING of Kings and Lord of lords. And above all countless multitudes of people of all nations, tribes, languages, colours, BELONGS TOGETHER IN HEAVEN AND LATER DWELL ON EARTH WITH GOD. God is not a respecter of persons to put any person above others by class, race, colour, wealth or status. Death is their leveller making all equal before God. No man is bigger or stronger than Jehovah God no matter how powerful they may feel in own eyes to inflate their ego.

SUGAR BLACKSLAVE HISTORY

15713054607238903501092629203849.jpgBlack History Month October celebrates abolition of slaves whose wealth enrich G7 Western Europe and America but deprived slaves of their dignity and long life so slaves became traumatized. 15713056029367773464045337576003.jpgTriangular trade from Europe on ships to Africa to Carribean to America back to Europe. G7 member nations enslaved Africans. Belgian King Leopold invited them jointly to divide and own Africa.15713055252467866924691785551731.jpg Almost a thousand years black slavery continued despite official abolition law. Slavery produced sugar, cocoa, coffee, cotton for “triangle merchants” of slave trade in Britain, Africa and West Indies. 15713054895557916154530721927074.jpgTriangle trips carried guns, goods from England to Africa for slaves from Africa to Caribbean. Sugar, coffee, cotton and rum to England for commercial slavery by supply and demand on plantations. 1571305574491870094090532857700.jpg15714076486934305525943298638509.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0021.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0011.jpgAtlantic crossing from Africa Middle Passage shows cruelties of plantations in the British Caribbean. Africans were herded on slave ships and branded with irons labels people property of owners.15713033917892027579692775521469.jpgPortuguese also built sugar plantations in 1550’s off the coast of their Brazilian settlement colony, located on the island Sao Vincente. Portuguese and Spanish colonial presence in Caribbean Iberian Peninsula wealth cultivated cash crops.15713030689847713844378615539055.jpgThe economic boom of these plantations began colonizing remaining American territories to capitalize on the lucrative cultivation and trade of native’s natural resources. Sugar is the most important crop in Caribbean but other crops such as coffee, indigo, wheat and rice grown. 15712992630563548705097506481294.jpgThe coastal sugae cane was best grown on the flat land near coastal waters as the soil was naturally yellow and fertile. The mountainous parts of islands were used for sugarcane cultivation industry. IMG-20191017-WA0010.jpgslavery-west-indies-granger.jpg15712987137944748591809211620677.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0004.jpg348s.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0020.jpgThe coastal placement of commercial ports gave imperial states a geographic advantage to ship the crop throughout the transatlantic world. Sugar Slavery  trading of the Africans highly profitable not paying slaves for enforced labour. downloadfile-1.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0014.jpgSlave-Ship-pic-4-Wikipedia.jpg15714064266664307134901227462768.jpgIMG-20191018-WA0015.jpg15713038953617219558390950064672.jpg15713037481496759185923572241666.jpg15713036678907107097446613800368.jpgSlaves lived in appalling conditions but masters indulged in excessive luxury by toils of slaves. Triangular trade profits  prospered the West but underdeveloped blacks made poor despite the hardwork. 15713035569197275545111601093952.jpgwp-1571322668408.jpgManufactured goods were traded to the West African coast for slaves, who were shipped to the sugar colonies by middle passage. Sugar, molasses, rum, shipped from these islands back into England.15713038363315671248783757607047.jpg15713038628448686754927140878564.jpg15713036996912748769302716101649.jpg15713036364091737502484623690543.jpgSugar was the main crop produced on  plantations throughout Caribbean in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Most of the islands were covered with sugar cane fields and mills for refining sugar. IMG-20191017-WA0003.jpgportraet_sklaverei_zucker_g.jpg15713001247174007076067301082629.jpg15713002203195667591899451618769.jpg15713001854538734211621372862312.jpg15713001504746913528570416798187.jpgwp-1571311816344.jpg15713002724015553289083152949101.jpgThe main source of labour was enslaved Africans. After the abolition of slavery, indentured labourers from IndiaChina, Java migrated to Caribbean to work on sugar plantations. Plantations produced 80 – 90% sugar used in Western Europe.15712995770488034116736118045599.jpg15712996195613941216406783616691.jpg15712997447027764109633942991300.jpg15712995281323834808765635583176.jpgSugar enabled slave labour for profits with tragic consequences in Caribbean. Imperial powers forced West Africans to cultivate sugar by slaves. Exploited labour, natural world created imperial conflicts in these Caribbean regions._108506961_gettyimages-1002312094.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0002.jpgIMG-20191031-WA0004.jpg15713029223757577184974282763473.jpg 157130286531419080874850560467.jpg15713027760246994249402391806889.jpg15713028101291278500655225486775.jpg15712977059634715966485674610399.jpgUse political and economic control they create to divide and rule people policy of animosity. Conflicts among English, Spanish, French and various indigenous people was used for territorial gain.15712964787331552835795446583723.jpg15712950696973492756233402938394.jpg15712972087976309023403494269657.jpg15712989701492300170279122619503.jpg 15712973826202918078063655814609.jpg15712954764466783854135368343091.jpgEuropean states exploited environment, resources so sugar production began to stagnate. Due loss of trees for timber in the sugar refinement process, European imperial powers competed and fought over Caribbean in middle 17th century.slave_dynasty_i1.jpg15712948461163990403389790355463.jpg15712948817835962190680372982605.jpg15712953753492679276778321664742.jpg15712961917284396878281626055702.jpg1571294941734562424695867162323.jpg15712950360621362782314632360478.jpgEuropean settlers’ entry into Caribbean world caused changes. The indigenous populations died due to influx of world diseases of colonists. Population losses from 8.4 – 112.5 millions of these native populations cleared way for plantation industry and less conflict for Europeans and all these indigenous peoples too15712965493371578408370674417736.jpg15712966476488592384520750409745.jpgColonial arrival of sugar cane culture impact societie’s economy in Caribbean. Increased ratio of slaves to freemen and increased the sizes of slave plantations. Sugar plantation use of slaves affected cash crop economies in cultivation. The large plantations with the slaves Africa  imported worked on plantations. 15712956357681865740619933022642.jpg15712955869055477780312402713803.jpgPrior to 1650 three-quarters of island’s population was of European descent. In 1680 plantation in Barbados increased to about 60 slaves. So sugar plantations expanded transatlantic trade prospers. In 1832, plantation in Jamaica had 150 slaves one in four lived with 250 slaves. 15712945434372021039766678971733.jpg15712947049235987567928405600593.jpgAbout 100 years, Barbados was richest European colony in Caribbean region. Then sugar cane production expanded to larger colonies Saint-Domingue and Jamaica. Mass sugar industry sugarcane processed commodities: rummolasses, and falernumWest India Interest was formed in 1740s by British merchants to West Indian sugar planters. 15712969933543584698609408312672.jpg157129755509656600633346701060.jpg15712963455442945155011821550429.jpg15712962302017147386549329208022.jpgwp-1571322746426.jpgBritish and West Indies shared profits or costs. needs. This first sugar-trading company was powerful in Parliament. In 1740s Jamaica and Saint Domingue or Haiti world’s main sugar producers. IMG-20191017-WA0000.jpgIncreased production in St. Domingue used irrigation system French engineers built. Reservoirsdiverted dam levees  aqueducts and canals. Improved mills and varieties of cane and grasses helped increase profits. St. Domingue in 19th century Haiti and Cuba sugar plantation Caribbean did better than British island.1571297025702538564298899779586.jpgIn the 19th century, sugar dominated  MartiniqueGrenadaJamaicaSaint CroixBarbadosLeeward IslandsSaint DomingueCuba, and other island run by FrenchBritish, or Spanish owners. During late 19th and 20th centuries the sugar cane industry dominated Puerto Rico‘s economy by colonial rule of Spain and under United States. 1571294727684996436954631513550.jpgAfter slavery, sugar plantation labour was workers imported from colonial India, Southern China. In 20th century, large-scale sugar production using wage labour continued in many parts of the region. Sugar cane industry’s negative impact affected the environment as this industry grew in Caribbean countries. 15712951825801502632195092917389.jpgThese include the destruction of forests, water pollution, loss of fertility, erosion of soils. These problems on a different scale in Dominican Republic in the 16th century; Lesser Antilles in 17th century; Jamaica, Haiti in 18th century, Cuba and Puerto Rico in 19th century. The nations impacted by sugar on the environment.15712952542173744336540029352835.jpgThe deterioration natural environment, had socio-economic consequences. And took its toll on Africans an integral part to cultivation, production of sugarcane. Slaves toiled in fields, boiling houses to supply huge amounts of labour sugar required. Four million slaves survived  Caribbean sugar plantations. wp-1571330195777.jpgConditions were harsh, mortality rates high through all stages of slaves’ lives. Some sugar colonie’s slave population ten times less than the European slave uprisings ever-present fear of planters. Slave trading highly profitable triangle of trade of Atlantic manufactured goods traded to West African coast for slaves shipped to sugar colonies of the middle passage and sugar, molasses, and rum were shipped from islands to England.wp-1571330138914.jpgSlavery in England  deemed illegal since 1772. The slavery in sugar colonies was vigorously pursued in Parliament and publication throughout last quarter of eighteenth century to time of abolition of trade in 1807, emancipation in 1833.15712977450102090396760846491987.jpg wp-1571330017603.jpgwp-1571330075100.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0001.jpg15712970952265673717702786919787.jpg15712945434372021039766678971733.jpg15713021011131294159836164367675.jpg15712969306591487070998245117838.jpgdownloadfile-2.jpg12355_2014_311_Fig1_HTML.jpgAbolitionists arguments against slavery was support in England and in America. Abolitionist movement boycotted slave-grown sugar by protests is celebrated as key component of abolition’s success.15712979796166770357711539697198.jpggettyimages-919491468-612x612.jpg15712985345335906738950765594570.jpg1571300771153191415282151247452.jpg15713004757394126936251265247884.jpg15713005171167919886088148258374.jpg15713007268423280865825419848256.jpgBoycott from writings to educate sugar is derived from blood, sweat and tears of slaves pollutes the body. The planters by prospect of abolition emancipation, attack on their financial interests, place in empire argued in favour of slavery.15713009777485298377118240667583.jpg20191024_104134.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0006.jpg15712980902104280568193144664796.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0005.jpg15713003436563749568168188652437.jpg15713014110543316473429243866261.jpg15713013089491042850157734430430.jpg15713011469935621723745379844781.jpgWilliam Beckford, large-scale Jamaican planter wrote about the island unable to inherited plantation debt. Plantations profit dwindled by later plantation era so planters were compensated for their loss of earnings. Slaves never received compensations, restitution or apology. 15712989421675147982996667160052.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0009.jpg15713018236223543718958756404016.jpg15713016238362599330973898756795.jpg20191018_194544.jpg15712991574789124671528049609976.jpg15713015641859068275661653780133.jpg1571301463714798903122388001392.jpgIMG-20191017-WA0008.jpg15713014963618985587415087318746.jpg1571301334033345284614607997855.jpgInstead suffer racism from the people who sent ships thousand of miles to drag them from their homeland into strange lands. Many slaves after the wars were sent from America to Liberia and Sierra Leone in western Africa.20191017_095342.jpgIt was a problem their roots could not be traced having been renamed by force despite protests of Kunta Kinte. Natives discriminated against them because they were not indigenous citizens. And residue from slavery and colonialism is institutional racism still directed black people today.20191017_095707.jpgInvincible chain of slavery, colonialism racism hatred propaganda promote the harassment of black people. Western countries built by slave labour, natural resources usurped controlled by West. African economies are still owned by Western nations exploiting resources. Yet conqueror parasites play the victim despite depending on African slavery and ccolonialism. Kings like Prempeh exiled to Sierra Leone and Seychelles for resisting slavery and colonialism. IMG-20191018-WA0005.jpgNelson Mandela was incarcerated many years others like Lumumba killed for fighting back. Kwame Nkrumah was toppled by coup detat directed by West replaced by stooges to control Africans. Africans enslaved and those colonised are both victims of the West exploiting them. African resources: diamond, gold, in Ghana, Guinea,  Mali, Songhai empire Mansa Musa Aldrisi supersized gold tied to horse taken by whites. Gold abundant it was dished out freely to loyal citizens. Gold taken over as diamonds. Africans did not gain from slavery to enrich the kings as people claim. But stripped of natural resources owned by Western countries. Africa never had economic independence is still controlled by the Western nations today. West markets all finished goods processed from natural resources from Africa back to Africans. Forced dependency on West sabotages Africa’s self-sufficiency stops revenues of multibillions of dollars for the West. Average person consumes 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar a year or 33.1 kilograms (73 lb) in Western developed countries, over 260 food calories per day. As sugar consumption grew in the 20th century,  a diet high in refined sugar damages human health. Excessive consumption causes obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and tooth decay. The World Health Organization recommend adults and children reduce their intake of sugar to less than 10% encouraged to reduce to below 5%, total energy intake.

THE AFRICANS IN THE BIBLE

1568307998234350287588732800503.jpgGod declares to African people in Psalm 68:31 that “Cush shall reach out arms to God as early Church loved this promise, saw a black man help Jesus carry Cross. considered Cush to be a metaphor for the Gentile Bride of Christ. The Psalms predicted that one day people would recognize the spirituality of the Cushites, and declare that they had been born anew in Zion in Psalm 87:3-6. Isaiah said God will bring remnant from Cush in Psalm 11:11, redeemed people bring gifts to Zion in Psalm 18:1-8. Zephaniah said from beyond rivers of Cush, God’s people bring offerings in Zephaniah 3:10. Amos expresses God’s concern for Cush: “‘Are you not like Cushites to me people of Israel?’ says the LORD” Zephaniah 9:7.15683073793472425722686661667645.jpg

Biblical scholars are aware ‘Cush’ refers to all of Africa, sometimes to all Africa except Egypt, and sometimes to ancient Nubia, stretching from modern Aswan in the north to Khartoum in south. Most of this area lies in the Sudan. But how is the general reader to understand Cush and Cushite used 57 times in Hebrew Bible are in a designation for an African nation and people? Some versions of the Bible translate “Cush” as “Ethiopia,” but this does not ordinarily designate the modern country of that name. David Adamo suggested the best translation is simply “Africa.” All of us have a right to know and applaud important biblical role played by Africans. People of the African descent claim the deep roots of their ancestors in the Bible.15683069277985189522243142459692.jpgAfrica is in Old Testament from Genesis one of rivers of Eden is around whole land of Cush, and another encircled land of Havilah that yielded gold, onyx and bdellium in Genesis 2:10-13. These products found in antiquity in the area known as the Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia. Tigris and Euphrates rivers located in Babylonia, shows good reason to believe rivers of Eden lay in Africa. We are told oldest human remains may be traced to Africa. Hagar, the Egyptian concubine of Abraham, derived her ancestry from south of Egypt. She alone of all the Bible characters gives God a name in Genesis 16:13. Like Abraham, she meets God in and is given a promise her progeny will become a great nation in Genesis 21:18.15683105750826963769477824241236.jpgmmmmmMoses’ Cushite wife aroused jealousy of sister Miriam in Numbers 12:11-16. Miriam, who resents her black sister-in-law, becomes white with leprosy until she mends her ways. This Cushite wife Zipporah is Moses’ father-in-law Jethro the priest, who instituted  judicial, administrative and sacrificial patterns of Israel in Exodus 18:1-27. He and his family received the exiled Moses during Moses’ forty years as shepherd in Sinai. Zipporah had understood importance of circumcision and performed the ritual on their sons in Exodus 18:1-27. Cushite wife helps Moses looks to father-in-law for guidance and direction in Numbers 10:29-32; Judges 1:16.15683067809035397664470500877270.jpgWhen Israelites settled land of Canaan there were Africans among them. Some  left Egypt with Israelites at the time of Exodus; others came military invaders in 1 Kings 14:25-28; 2 Chronicles 12:2-3; 14:9-15; cf. 16:8. The Ethiopian colony at Gerar buffer between Egypt and Judah. Ethiopians became permanent residents in Palestine, remaining there until time of Hezekiah in 715-685 BCE. “Journeyed to entrance of Gedor, the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks, where they found rich, good pasture the land was broad, quiet, peaceful, former inhabitants of Ham in 1 Chronicles 4:39 -40. Group of Philistines, Arabs, settled near Ethiopians in 2 Chronicles 21:16.15683060779121682956306936306740.jpgPersons of African descent appear took active role in Israel’s social and political life. A bride in Song of Solomon is black and beautiful in Songs 1:5. A Cushite who possessed tact, discretion and high position in the royal court appeared as a trusted courtier sent to tell David news of Absalom’s death in 2 Samuel 18:19-32. Africans enjoyed royal favour, as Solomon married an Egyptian princess in 1 Kings 9:16, 24; 2 Chronicles 8:11 and received Queen of Sheba in 1 Kings 10:1-13; 2 Chronicles 9:1-2. Influential queen ruled African peoples both sides of the Red Sea. Queen Sheba, may well have come to Solomon to negotiate and trade treaty with his growing maritime power. Tested him with hard questions, in the end she told him all that was in her heart. It appears that in this black woman Solomon found a kindred spirit with whom he could discourse freely.15683118638493056538262816214734.jpgThat relationship was sexual evidenced alliance did indeed produce children as the ruling class black Jews. Zephaniah, a descendant of Hezekiah, is called son of Cushi and brings the special prophecies of Cush in Zephaniah 1:1; 3:10. Jehudi, a courtier sent to Jeremiah with message from Baruch to King Zedekiah had the  Cushite ancestor in Jeremiah 36:14. And Baruch stands before the king, reading the words of God but king slashes scroll cast into fire in Jeremiah 21, 23. Ebed-Melek, confidential advisor of the king, is identified as Cushite four times in Jeremiah 38:7, 10, 12; 39:16. Believing Jeremiah was bringing God’s authentic voice to Judah, Ebed-Melek risked his life to rescue the prophet from cistern and secure for him a hearing with the king. Jeremiah commends the courtier’s faith in Jeremiah15-18, proclaims to him special covenant of God’s protection.156833171072865783293502443737.jpgIn Genesis 16 Hagar meets God who has promised to provide for her and son. 15683285280597530140274396867836.jpgIMG-20190912-WA0008.jpgIMG-20190912-WA0009.jpg15683283082642766521076979514161.jpg15683284047696941858969006489791.jpg15683969308308576360979223589953.jpg15683063656013498788289630592015.jpgCushite pharaohs ruled over Egypt, they contracted military alliances with both Israel and Judah, especially during the time of Twenty-fifth or Cushite Dynasty. Sabacho in 716-701 BC, is So in 2 Kings 17:4 contracted an alliance against Assyria with Hoshea, king of Israel, while Tirhakah (690-664) came to aid Hezekiah as Jerusalem was beseiged in 2 Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9. A mortuary figurines of Tirhakah reveal his African features of enormous statue still towers above great temple complex at Karnak.15670948767161078613926685946495.jpgThe kingdom of Cush continues to play a role in New Testament we read of the conversion of the Candace’s Ethiopian treasurer in Acts 8:26-39. Candace was the royal title of Queen Mother of Nubia powerful African nation located in what is Sudan. Greek was spoken in the court, so the chamberlain would have had no problem reading a Septuagint version of the prophet Isaiah; and Philip, a Greek-speaking Jew, easily communicated the Gospel to him. Candace wielded the real political, military power from capitol city in Meroe while her son served as a religious figurehead. Royal mother gifts to God on behalf of the kingdom sent by her chamberlain with gift to Jerusalem.Tirhakah_artTirhakah

Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia, waged war against Sennacherib during the reign of King Hezekiah of Judah (2 Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9) and drove him from his intention of destroying Jerusalem and deporting its inhabitants, according to blacksinthebible.org. God used this African king to protect the Jews as HIS chosen people. Also the Arts civilization flourished at high level throughout her realm, twice her forces engaged the Roman army in battle.15683124595885667631283936059650.jpgTo the north Cyrene, capital city of the Roman province Cyrenaica famous for three schools of philosophy and native sons excelled in medicine, mathematics, rhetoric and literature. Most famous or illustrious of these was the astronomer Eratosthenes, who in approximately 200 BC computed circumference of earth with remarkable accuracy. The brilliant Hellenistic poet Callimachus, director of library at Alexandria acquired the great reputation for versatility of aptitudes. And the athletes from Cyrene excelled in Olympic competition especially in horse chariot racing. Ships carried corn, oil, wool from fertile fields of Cyrene and contraceptive sylphium to Rome. Cyrene maintained a monopoly on the herb until became extinct over harvest in AD 200. Citizens of Cyrene roamed far and wide through Mediterannean world merchants, athletes, philosophers and orators, mercenaries, entertainers. The Jewish community of the city had a deep interest in Judaism and produced an important literature including a five-book history of Maccabees by Jason the Cyrenian in 2 Maccabees 2:43. The close ties with Jerusalem is Simon of Cyrene Libya helped carry the Cross of Jesus. A devout Jew goes to Passover, Jerusalem. He became a believer his sons known to Christian community in Mark 15:21; cf. Romans 16:13.1568307998234350287588732800503.jpgAn African synagogue of the Cyreneans and Alexandrians, first objected to the preaching of Stephen in Acts 6:9, other natives of Cyrene were early adherents of Christianity and carried good news to Cyprus in Acts 11:19-26. The Cyrenians and Cyprians travelled to Antioch with innovated Gospel approach to the non-Jewish Greeks. The revolutionary action drew attention of the Jerusalem Council, and Barnabas was dispatched to assess this new development. Convinced of the authenticity of the mission, Barnabas strategized with the leaders and went to Tarsus to seek out Paul. Implementation of African’s dream require involvement of multinational and multicultural task force. As the church at Antioch prayed, searched the Scriptures and strategized for a full year core of leaders developed. Of the five named, two Africans Lucius of Cyrene and Simon called the Black in Acts 13:1-2. Translations fails to inform us “Niger” is Latin for “Black” Simon of Cyrene. Missionary agency in large part initiated, strategized, promoted directed by Africans. The story of Acts tells us Paul and Barnabas promptly sent to Cyprus, home of some members of the Antiochene community in Acts 13:4-12. Archaeological evidence of arrival of the Gospel in Cyrene by the end of first century AD Christian burials inside the Jewish cemetery at Cyrene.15684580861912112964805784651956.jpgByzantine writer on interpretations of Biblical questions in the first half of the third century of the common era. Suidas (s.v. Ἀφρικανός) says Africanus was a Libyan philosopher supported by Julius’ works written in Greek shows author’s knowledge of Latin. He was a native of Latin North Africa the son of Christian parents from a noble family. Took part in expedition with Septimius Severus  against Osrhoene in 195. Is a friend of Abgar VIII. of Edessa whose materials from his works in archives of city. These relations reveal Oriental knowledge of Syriac, fourth chapter of his Κεστοί, he gives Syrian name of a fish. Familiar with conditions of Jews in Babylon in the Susanna Epistle Jews were living under their own jurisdiction in Exile. His works in Biblical criticism Hebrew language known. He was presbyter and bishop of Emmaus (Nicopolis) Palestine headed embassy to Rome on behalf of city. He was contemporary and friend of Origen lived in emperors Heliogabalus and Alexander Severus times. Africanus highly valued in Christianity of interest to Judaism. These works are: five books, founder of Church history, predecessor of Eusebius, source and pattern for the Byzantine chronographers for extracts from his work preserved fragments. His history of world seven epoch weeks like Jewish “Lepto Genesis” Jubilees, earliest history of human race, Jewish history synchronised general history. Put Moses 1,020 years before first Olympic date of Justus of Tiberias. Africanus source are traced various facts found in Africanus’ history parallel Josephus. In Biblical stories Africanus legends origin found in the Apocalypses and the Midrashim.15683064907397689947182494053598.jpgAFRICANS IN THE EARLY CHURCH15684524981767689343288530996876.jpg1568453317180494040346684595245.jpgClement of Alexandria in 150-215 was a Christian philosopher with keen desire to win pagan intellectuals to Christ. He directed catechetical school, Alexandria and wrote important exhortations to the heathen and Christians calling them to a more perfect life in Christ. Another African, Origen in 185-254, became the director of a catechetical school at age 18 was finest mind the church produced in 300 years. Origen highly successful in debating Jews, pagans, Gnostics credited with destroying Gnosticism. Important biblical scholar, theologian, an exegete, pioneer in biblical criticism produced Hexapla comparing six version of Bible.15684526730534572263193667551376.jpg15684528353382475705494581185241.jpg15684525396155447266077609462099.jpg15684527520384885477447801125455.jpg1568452774226694314850693388142.jpgIMG-20190913-WA0002.jpgHe influenced theological thought for centuries. Tertullian in 160-225 a pagan lawyer converted to Christianity. He authored the apologetic and theological, controversial works, first theologian to write in Latin. He formulated doctrine of Trinity, and coined nearly a thousand new words to explain Christian truths. Athanasius in 296-373, was Bishop of Alexandria and a major theologian and writer. He was the chief upholder of the doctrine Christ was both man and God and principle opponent of the Arian doctrine Jesus was man not God. As a very young deacon, he was influential at the Council of Nicea. And opponents referred to him as the “black dwarf.” He was repeatedly exiled and persecuted, but his principles ultimately prevailed at the Council of Constantinople in 381.15683136550409031563494505743307.jpgCyril, who died in 444 was a Bishop of Alexandria. He brilliantly represented, systematized teachings of Athanasius and Alexandrians. He was a vigorous opponent of heresy. Perpetua, Felicitas two martyrs died in Carthage arena in 202. Their story was widely used in the winning of others to Christ. Cyprian Bishop of Carthage died martyr in 258. Possessed profound knowledge of Scriptures, wrote important theology, fought heresy, and insisted on unity of the Church. Lactantius in AD 317 is best known for his Institutes, described as the “most comprehensive apology Christianity created before the end of the time of persecution.” The major theme of Institutes is justice. Lactantius insisted that God had given humanity a way of life open to all people regardless of race, education, sex, colour or creed. St. Maurice of Aganum born about 287, a Roman general who refused to kill Christians during a slave revolt in Gaul. He told the emperor Maximian: We cannot obey you without denying God, Creator of all things is our Master and yours if you acknowledge it or not. He was slaughtered by imperial decree with his regiment for defense of slaves.15683063971748743997771719083155.jpgG. Marius Victorinus in 280-363 was a neoplatonist professor of rhetoric with a brilliant record philosopher scholar. Educated in Africa but taught in Rome, wrote theological, devotional works, led to conversion of Augustine. Augustine in 354-430, Bishop of Hippo, was one of the Doctors of the Church. A profoundly influential theologian, he dealt with three heresies: Manichaeism, Donatism, and Pelagianism. Augustine remarkable insight into the human heart and soul. His most famous work is Confessions, describing his conversion to win others to Christ by detailing the philosophical basis for Christianity. And Monica in 331-387 was Augustine’s prayerful and powerful mother. Zeno of Verona was the bishop of Verona from 362 to 375. Over hundreds of his tractates survive and collection of sermons. Optatus of Melevis was Bishop in North Africa. He worked to reconcile Christians during Donatist Schism, and was influential in the East and West as well as in Africa. He died before 400 AD. By 480 Victor of Vita Bishop in the province of Byzacena. He described survival of Church during invasion of vandals. Saw persecution as religious and political. Bishop Vigilius of Thapsus participated in religious synod between Arians and Orthodox in 484. Produced important theological and ecclesiastical works.15683134503836206460010102808726.jpgFulgentius of Ruspe in 467-533 a Roman civil servant resigned his post to enter priesthood. In 507 was elected bishop of Ruspe. Later driven out of Africa by the Vandals, instrumental in popularizing Augustine’s work. Three early African popes: Are Pope Victor I in AD 189-199 popularized Latin as common language of church making  Christianity more democratic and accessible to ordinary people. Pope Melchaides in 311-314, also known as Meltiades persecuted prior to reign as pope, considered one of African Christian martyrs. Pope Gelasius I in A.D. 492-496 worked to settle conflicts in church and believed “civil and sacred powers of divine origin is independent each in its own sphere.”15683136036864992702812355303110.jpgLet us thank God for the important role played by Africans in Bible and early Church. Let us share Good News Christ died to redeem people of all races and nationalities. Let us proclaim that God’s love knows no boundaries. And let us affirm the amazing diversity of God’s creation! CBE advances the Gospel by equipping Christians to use their God given talents in leadership and service regardless of gender, ethnicity, or class. Together with supporters and ministry partners from 100 denominations and 65 countries, CBE works to inspire and mobilize women and men with Bible’s call to lead serve as equals in Christ.IMG-20190913-WA0001.jpgIMG-20190913-WA0000.jpgPaul says in Colossians 4:9 “Onesimus, our faithful and dear brother, who is one of you and Paul says in Philemon 1:10 Onesimus has become a son to him. Why did Jesus and Hebrews turn white in history books of Albinoes as Hebrews and Blacks originally lived and ruled in countries taken by thirty years war on continent and British civil wars of the 1600s. These race wars with religion are focal points Europe’s ancient Black and Catholic Rulers. Albinos chased out of homeland in Asia by Mongols into Black lands of Europe brought massive influx of millions of Albinos changed Europe in over two thousand years. Since then they portray Jesus and Hebrews white in books to impersonate history.

Some Black Verses In The Bible

Job 30:30, “My skin is black.
Song of Solomon 1:5, “I am black, lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, like the tents of Kedar, like the curtains of Solomon.

Solomon 1:6,“Don’t stare at me because I am black for sun burns me. Mother’s  sons angry with me made me caretaker of their vineyards but I must take care of my own vineyard.

Job 30:28, “I mourn for comfort, I stand in the assembly and cry out for help.
Lamentations 4:8, Appearance is black like soot, They are not recognized in the streets; Their skin is dark, their bone is like that of wood.

Africans In Bible And Early Church