RUNNING AN EXTRA MILE

Katie Cooke, Dr Colin DohertyAmong runners one moment a woman, collapsed on the ground and frothing at the mouth the next. For a short time she is lost to the convulsion and then she scrambles to her feet and sprints away. Katie Cooke will not let epilepsy get in the way of a race. The 19 year old student from Cherrywood South Dublin has what her specialist doctor calls “an arsenal of epilepsy, contends with 15 convulsions daily that makes her unconscious. Katie said, “her whole body shakes feeling her muscles jump, like everything has been sucked out of her so cannot breathe. So every single day she often loses control.  Despite having to cope with multiple seizures, Cooke won prestigious events including her age group in the Dublin City Marathon and she runs 5km in under 17 minutes. She is often seen pounding the streets with her running partner, Dr Colin Doherty, who is her consultant neurologist. But she was not always so athletic.Katie Cooke with a running trophy

Image copyrightKATIE COOKE

Diagnosed at the age of nine with frontal lobe epilepsy, she managed condition with medication until it deteriorated when puberty hit and her hormones started “kicking up.”She was not able to get out of bed, unable to do anything for herself and could not really speak. My Mum was dressing and showering me,” she says. Cooke was admitted to Our Lady’s Children’s Hospital in Crumlin where she remained for 10 months. Despite being involved in numerous medical trials she regressed, lost control of her back and hips, and by the time she was discharged she wasn’t able to walk. And she could not hold herself up in a wheelchair for about seven months but being stubborn person wanted to prove to people what she could do. After a lot of physio started jogging every day and started to absolutely love the freedom.

Katie Cooke in a wheelchair

Image copyrightKATIE COOKE

Cooke now runs every day and says a missed session sees the tiredness and dizziness of her earlier condition return.  Running only alleviates her symptoms, it has not been a cure. The raised heart rate brought on by running triggers more seizures than if she did not run, but Cooke says it improves her general well-being which is a negative worth accepting. Her neurologist, Dr Doherty, has weighed up the pros and cons from a medical perspective. “The particular challenges of having epilepsy and long-distance running are similar to walking challenges too and I think the general benefits outweigh these risks,” he says. “If you took the average long-distance runner and measured all their health parameters against someond who does not run you would find, no matter what disease or disorder they carry with them, they are better off.” So health conditions affected by starting exercise, it is always important to consult your doctor first.


Dr Colin Doherty explains epilepsy

Various scientific images of brains

Image copyrightSPL

The brain consists of about three billion cells and all of these cells are active, but they do not fire together, the brain is a de-synchronised machine. A signature of epilepsy is the cells fire together in a synchronised way. If a million cells fire together it causes a change in behaviour, when all three billion cells fire together that causes convulsion or a fit. There are about 40 distinct types of epilepsy. In some cases people will just stare blankly, others will wander around in a confused state and there are those who fall to the ground with convulsions. Competitive running was initially a non-starter for Cooke. As soon as she had a convulsion during a race paramedics withdraw her from the event, but a chance comment at one of her consultations led Doherty to offer himself as her running partner and he has kept her on track ever since.  He says: “I’m a specialist in epilepsy but my sole role when running with Katie is to stop people from taking her off in an ambulance. I just stand there and say ‘Katie’s fine, I’m her doctor, she’s going to recover.” Despite Cooke’s seizures, the nature of her epilepsy means her body does not require lengthy recovery time, she is able to immediately get up and run again. Doherty believes it is her fitness levels which help with recovery._93538541_mediaitem93538539.jpg


Hear more from Katie and Colin

Listen to the BBC Ouch talk-show to find out more about Katie Cooke, Dr Colin Doherty and their running partnership. “Katie is a very serious runner, and she trains properly. I’m very confident that this is a really positive experience for her,” he says. As well as sport, college, Cooke also has to navigate a social life and relationship with partner Jack, a role most daunting at night when Cooke’s seizure’s make her scream, thrash around and cause the bed to shake and shudder. Cooke says: “He’s one of the most chilled people I know and he sleeps through my seizures which is a bit weird. He wakes up for the odd one because some are quite violent and was slapped in the face before, but he just falls asleep again.” In terms of intimacy Cooke says sex does not trigger seizures, although a fit can occur at such times, and women report an increase in convulsions around the time of ovulation and their period.Jack and Katie Cooke

Image copyrightKATIE COOKE

Her nightime seizures are accompanied by hallucinations of a shadowy man who she says “comes for her” and it is these which leave her most exhausted. She does not sleep well at all,” she says. Her education suffered and she missed the majority of secondary school. Despite that, she managed to cram three years worth of curriculum for the Irish Leaving Certificate into one year, secured a place at college to study sports management. Doherty calls her a “remarkable young woman” for all she has achieved while handling so many severe convulsions on a daily basis. When people watch Katie drop to the floor mid-run it is alarming but Doherty believes being public about it will help others with the condition. So there is need to facilitate people to live a normal life as possible and they need to be encouraged to do everything, he says. The biggest barrier is not the safety issue but the perceptions of other people.”

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EZEKIEL’S VISIONS OF GOD

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God is physically seen on heaven throne by Ezekiel 1-3 in Bible as Omnipresence of God connects to earth directly. God’s Omniscient Eyes, God’s Omnipotent Powerful postion is revealed to Ezekiel in vision. God propels chariot throne movement actions by God’s Divine Nature, Glory, Supreme, Immanent Existence extending into all HIS created universe. Ezekiel sleeping on one side 430 days, accomplished by lunar-solar calendar year in 13th month Ezekiel completes assignment with days to spare. Torah revelation by God in this vision to Ezekiel of cherubim, seraphim, chariot, Spirit and wheels give insight to heaven. This vision vividly displays the Majesty and Glory of God sitting on His Throne, fully in control in 13th year, 4th month, on 5th day of month. Ezekiel was among captives by river Chebar in Babylon in Iraq when heavens opened and saw visions of God Almighty. In 5th year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity into Babylon the word of the LORD God to Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by river Chebar the hand of the LORD was upon him. As he looked and saw a whirlwind out of the north, a great cloud and fire unfolding brightly as colour of amber out of midst of fire. In vision 4 living creatures with appearance of men had 4 faces of a man, face of lion, on right side, face of ox on left side and face of eagle. God’s consuming fire surrounds HIS Glory. Ezekiel’s visions have symbolic meanings for Christian believers, Israel and the whole world. So each face represents the chief creatures of their domains man over all creatures, lion over all wild creatures, ox over all domesticated creatures, and the eagle over the birds of the air. All the 4 living creatures with 4 faces stand before the throne of the Sovereign God.Four_Living_Creatures.jpgThose searching God’s Perfection see in Christ HIS Son the Firstborn of creation Jesus Christ HIS brightness round about HIM. Jesus possesses all these qualities of each face of the angels. The likeness of living creatures comes in the midst of God’s fire as these angels derive their being and power from God and Christ. So they have an understanding of a man far more than a mere mortal. The Lion of Judah Jesus Excels in great strength and boldness to rule as the KING of Kings. An ox excels in diligent patience, unwearied work plowing rich fields for abundant harvest providing providence and also sustenance. An eagle soars so excels in quickness as believers mount up with wings like eagles soaring high. Angels, excel in many ways with 4 wings and so the business God is quickly done. They stand straight, firm, steady, tall used the wings for motion, hands or feet straight and sole of their feet like sole of a calf foot, sparkled like colour of burnished brass. They had the hands of a man under their wings on 4 sides and 4 faces.   bc7a122b8b6923c1d3bd92b07fc3fb89.jpgTheir 4 wings joined one to another so they did not turn when they went about straight forward. Their 4 faces were the face of a man, face of a lion, on the right side, the face of an ox on left side and the face of eagle and each had 4 wings.  Their wings stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies. They went everyone straight forward where spirit was to go they went and they turned not around as they went about. Likeness of living creatures appear as burning coals of fire in the appearance of lamps up and down among the living creatures. The fire was bright and out of the fire went forth lightning. Isaiah 6:1, and Ezekiel’s 10:1, Daniel 7:9 in Isaiah’s Vision all see and describe God on the throne. Isaiah’s Vision in the year of King Uzziah’s death of the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted with the train of His Robe filling the room. The living creatures ran and return quickly as flash lightning. The living creatures have a wheel next to them. They have 4 human arms and hands like those of a man. The hand is the symbol of active power and skilfulness in Ps 78.72 seen by Ezekiel imply actions activating commands of God by wisdom, dexterity and vigilance to obey God. And under their wings power emanates from the Visible God moving their 4 hands. Four Headed Cherub.jpgThe 4 faced creatures had feet of a calf. The standard of Judah features as a Lion, Reuben the first-born a man, Ephraim an ox and the tribe of Dan is eagle. The sin of golden calf depicted in Ezekiel vision shows consequences as idolatrous exile, signified in the feet resembling a calf’s hoof. The same depiction in Isaiah 6:2 is covered by wings to shield their sin from the Holy God. Israel followed the spirit of God out of Babylon, out of exile back to the promised land just as out of Egypt. Despite previous sins their feet like calf hooves and legs remain strong following the spirit of God leading them back later into the promised land. Next in vision is heavenly technology of 4 wheels within a wheel. Their appearance and work was like colour of a beryl with the same one likeness. Their appearance and work was a wheel in the middle of a wheel. So when they went on their four sides they turned not when they went about. As for their rings, they were so high that they were awesome and their rings were full of eyes round about them for seeing. When living creatures moved about their wheels went by them and when living creatures were lifted up from the earth the wheels were lifted up. Wherever the spirit went wheels lifted nearby for spirit of living creatures was in wheels. Wherever they went these went and so when they stood these stood; when they were lifted up from the earth wheels lifted up next to them so spirit of living creatures in wheels. The principle of motion in the living beings empowered and propelled by God and wheels. The vision of heaven is connected directly to earth from God’s throne room touching earth on ground.  e6de91dc880c55b3e21d50f99b264259The wheel rings, full of eyes all-seeing like man’s eyes are made in likeness of God in Genesis 1:26. The great number of eyes on the rings symbolize how great is God’s awareness and direction of events. The Bible Scriptures give interpretation according to 1 Peter 1:20 know what God allows us to understand the wheel vision carrying God on throne given to Ezekiel. The likeness of the firmaments on heads of living creatures is colour of  crystal  stretched over their heads above. And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered one side, and every one had two, which covered other side of their bodies. And when they went is heard noise of their wings like the noise of great waters, as the voice of Almighty God, the Voice of God’s speech, as the noise of host when they stood they let down their wings. So the Voice from the firmament was over their heads when they stood and had let down their wings. Above the firmament over their heads was likeness of a throne the appearance of a sapphire stone and upon the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon throne. And the colour of amber appearance of fire round about from within, from the appearance of HIS LOINS upward and downward appearance of fire and it had brightness round about. The appearance of rainbow in the cloud like in the day of rain was appearance of the brightness. God’s Presence surrounded by Rainbow  adds to brilliance of colour covenant of peace between God and man through HIS Grace and Mercy. Appearance of the Glory of LORD God Almighty Ezekiel saw and fell on his face and heard the Voice of God Speak. Although the Jews were in captivity God’s Love for them continued to reassure them of His remembrance. Today no matter the state of any person or the situation, God still shows up to those who call upon God in Christ Jesus to save them everyday. In Daniel 7:7-13 living creatures surround white throne on which the Ancient of Days God Sits. This white throne is in final judgement in Revelations 20:22-15. The 4 beasts differ from the 4 beasts Ezekiel 1 and Revelations 4:6-8 so the lion, calf, eagle and man face creature has 4 wings but in contrast beasts in Revelation Seraphim have six wings. The Book of Isaiah 6:1-8 describes six-wing beings flying around the Throne of God singing “Holy, Holy, Holy.” God creates an amazing variety of no-wing angels, 2 wing angels, 4 wing angels and 6 winged angels as featured.0da6e43818c5f6633353de1b318ba898However, the first beast has the wings removed so stands upright and given mind of man. The 2nd beast resembles a bear with 3 ribs in mouth, told to ‘get up and eat your fill of flesh.’ The third beast resembles leopard with 4 heads as beasts in Ezekiel and Revelations. And beast given authority to rule like dragon beast from sea in Revelations 13. The final beast has large iron teeth used to crush and devour victims trampled underfoot as winepress beast, Revelation 14:18-20 until Jesus Christ Crushes the beast. In Revelations 4:6-8 the 4 living beings in Greek: τέσσαρα ζῷα, tessera zō[i]a are seen in John’s vision. These appear as a lion, ox, man, and eagle in Ezekiel but in a different order. They have six wings, but Ezekiel’s 4 living creatures have 4. In verse 6, they have “eyes all over, front and back so they alert, knowledgeable so nothing escapes notice. The wheels are beside living creatures in Ezekiel 1.18; 10.12, are “full of eyes all around.” The Hebrew word for “wheel” ôpannîm in Jewish literature indicates angelic orders in 1 Enoch 71.7; 3 Enoch 1.8; 7.1; 25.5-6, etc. In Revelation, 4 beasts surround God on red throne of ruby sardius contrasts white throne in Daniel 7:9, Revelations 20:11-15. So these 4 living creatures in prophetic apocalyptic interpretations by Christians vary. 4 living creatures, John of Patmos sees in Revelations and living creatures in visions of Ezekiel 1:5-28 and Isaiah 6:2 are similar but different. Ezekiel_10.22510831_std.jpgIn church history Victorinus, not original or only one said, lion represents Mark, the calf Luke, the man Matthew, and eagles John. Ireneaus was the first to make this association with evangelists. In living history the nations represented as eagle is America, lion is Britain, ox is Germany and bear Russia. Others think these represents intelligence of man, power, courage in lion, strength of ox and speed of eagle. In a hierarchy of life forms man is king of all, lion is king of animals, ox king of work, eagle king of birds. Some say China is lion, ox Russia so global news directly leads to endtime Armageddon significant roles. So think antiChrist leads supported by 2 states against Israel before final ultimate rule by Christ. Prophet Ezekiel  prophesied the whole world shall come to know God as everything leads to God’s Kingdom establishment of New Jerusalem on the earth. This whole world is about to know God for the first time ever as the verses in Ezekiel 6:7, 10; 12:15, 20; 16:62; 34:27; 37:13-14 shows. Before that happens to the world, God says His end-time elect will send HIS warning messages. Book of Ezekiel in its entirety helps lead the world to get to know the True, Living God Yahweh in Christ Jesus His Son. Although things get worse before life gets better the most important decision to make is belong to the Living God Almighty in Jesus Name. Jesus weeps and intercedes on behalf of people to be saved before it is too late. God is sad and crying in Jeremiah 14:17 for you like HE did for God’s people Judah. God cries in Romans 8:26, as it says when we do not know what to pray for in face of calamity God’s Spirit, the Holy Spirit intercedes for us through groanings. God groans and sighs beyond what words express and God cries beyond human tears. God is Crying over plight of the world and its destructions by God’s wrath to come. Receive God’s Grace and Mercy freely to you bought and paid for by Christ Jesus for eternal life. In the Bible in the village of Bethany Jesus wept at the grave of Lazarus in John 11:35 and so continues to weep for all humanity. Jesus is weeping today to save you so accept His Love.

TITHES & OFFERING IN BIBLE

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The LORD spoke to Moses saying,  Speak to the children of Israel, that they bring Me an offering or terumah in Hebrew. So everyone who gives willingly with his heart you shall take My offering says Exodus 25:1–2. God gave Israelites 53 mitzvot laws out of 613 commandments. These laws included the treatment of parents, slaves and foreigners, tithing, offerings, other people’s property. Gifts or Terumah תְּרוּמָה in Hebrew means an offering or contribution. The LORD God commanded Moses to take up a free will offering from people of Israel to build sanctuary in wilderness. In order to fund the building of the Sanctuary, God commands Moses to take a census of the people of Israel and to instruct them to give a half shekel of silver. “This is what everyone who is numbered shall give, half a shekel as a contribution to the LORD in Exodus 30:13.

A half-shekel coin from the First Jewish War (AD 66–70).  Around the chalice it says, “Half Shekel,” and above it “Year 2.”  The sprig of pomegranate side states “Jerusalem is holy.” In Exodus 35:35  and  36:5 says skilled women spun with their hands and brought what they spun in blue, purple, scarlet materials in fine linen. All  women   whose heart stirred with skill spun  goats’ hair.  The rulers brought onyx stones and stones for setting for ephod and breastplate. Moses asked all those skilled to work as engravers, designers and embroiderers in blue, purple, scarlet yarn, fine linen weavers skilled workers and designers. Embroiderers threaded fine linen cloth so weavers were excelled craftsmen and designers. The people responded well by giving like crowd funding today so much more than asked for. They brought too much more than needed everyday to Moses for the temple work. Moses told people to stop giving because they received more than required to complete temple tabernacle sanctuary for LORD God. 
The Mishkan Shilo Synagogue in the community of Shilo is a replica of the Biblical Tabernacle. This sanctuary, called the Mishkan, was meant to be a visible reminder for the people of God’s Holy Presence that dwelt among them. The offerings people bring include precious metals and stones, fine linens, animal skins, wood, oil for lamps, fragrant spices for the incense for God’s House. God instructed Moses to take offering only from those who give willingly from their heart. Again in 1 Chronicles 29 Gifts for Building the Temple from King David told the whole assembly: “My son Solomon God chose is young and inexperienced and the task is great, because palatial structure is not for man but for the Lord God. All my resources provided for the temple of my God gold for gold work, silver for silver, bronze for bronze, iron for iron, wood for wood, onyx for settings, turquoise, stone of various colours, all kinds of fine stone and marble all in large quantities. In my devotion to the temple of my God I give my personal treasures of gold and silver for the temple of my God over and above everything I have provided for this holy temple: three thousand talents of gold of Ophir and seven thousand talents of refined silver for overlaying of walls of the buildings, for the gold work and the silver work, and all work to be done by the craftsmen. All willing to consecrate themselves to the Lord today join in and  leaders of families, officers of the tribes of Israel, commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds and officials in charge of the king’s work gave willingly.  They gave toward the work on temple of God five thousand talents, ten thousand darics of gold, ten thousand talents of silver, eighteen thousand talents bronze, a hundred thousand talents iron. All who had precious stones gave to treasury of the temple of the Lord in the custody of Jehiel the Gershonite. The people rejoiced at the willing response of their leaders giving freely wholeheartedly to the Lord so David rejoiced greatly.
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Give 10% Tithe first plus offering of what you decide in your own heart to God not reluctantly or under compulsion for God loves a cheerful giver says 2 Corinthians 9:7 in the Bible. Due to a sinful nature some tend to be selfish not to give and complain about leaders lifestyle or seek what they receive only. Bible tells us it is more blessed to give than to receive in Acts 20:35. We give to God toward the work of the Lord, so we receive back so much more than just what we have given. “Give, and it will be given to you,   good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. With the measure you use, it will be measured to you says Luke 6:38. And Malachi 3:10 emphasizes the principle of giving to the Lord God that HE will pour out blessings when you give to HIM.The LORD God says ‘When you each pay the Lord a ransom for his life at the time he is counted, no plague will come on them when Moses numbers them in  Exodus 30:11–12. In Deuteronomy 28 and Malach 3:10, those who sponsor the Kingdom of God are delivered from Gods curses in Haggai falling on those who chose to neglect the House of God but lavish grand mansions shown off proudly to others. There is God’s protective providence in giving.tithes

*UNVEILING MYSTERY OF TITHING*

•Tithing Brings Lifting to the giver.
•Tithing Brings Favour of God.
•Tithing Brings Helpers to you.
•Tithing Brings Flavour your life.
•Tithing Brings Solution to problems.
•Tithing Brings Increase from God .
•Tithing Brings Fully Long-Life.
•Tithing Brings Elevation from God.
•Tithing Brings Blessings to you.
•Tithing Brings Protection for you.
•Tithing Brings Promotion from God.
•Tithing Brings Exemption from trials.
•Tithing Brings Fruitfulness of joy.
•Tithing Brings Open-Doors for you.
•Tithing Brings Testimonies from God.
•Tithing Brings Opportunity to you.
•Tithing Brings Open-Heaven for life.
•Tithing Brings Manifestation from God.tithes-and-offerings
•Tithing Brings More Than Enough.
•Tithing Rebukes Pains turns to gains.
•Tithing Rebukes Tears and Sorrows.
•Tithing Rebukes Shame and Disgrace.
•Tithing Rebukes Failure in your life.
•Tithing Rebukes Labour vain toiling.
•Tithing Rebukes Accident from you.
•Tithing Rebukes Devourer of works.
•Tithing Rebukes Demotion in life.
•Tithing Rebukes Reproach to you.
•Tithing Rebukes Barrenness in life.
•Tithing Rebukes Stagnations in you.
•Tithing Rebukes Untimely Death.
•Tithing Rebukes Satanic Opposition.
•Tithing Rebukes Satanic Depression.
•Tithing Rebukes Satanic Oppression.
•Tithing Rebukes Promised And Failed.
•Tithing Brings God’s Finger on Life.
•Tithing Brings God’s Finger of Health.
•Tithing Brings God’s Hand on Ministry.
•Tithing Brings God’s Grace on Marriage.
•Tithing Brings God’s Business Increase.

*Malachi 3:10 in Bible On *TITHING*tithes.gif

•Is not A Pastors Decision.
• Is not A Religious Doctrine.
•Is not A Religious Fulfilment.
• Is not A Pastors Prescriptions.

*Tithe and offerings are forever to God *

A covenant avenue to tap supernatural abundance.

“UNTIL YOU ARE A TITHER, YOU CAN’T BE A TESTIFIER”

TERUMAH (Offering)
Exodus 25:1–27:19; 1 Kings 5:26–6:13; Hebrews 9:128

Is Christianity White Religion?

is-christianity-the-white-mans-religionChristianity is not a white man’s religion or slave master’s religion as make belief fallacy assumes. The white people in the West did not introduce Christianity to Africans through slavery. The Africans introduced Christianity 2,000 years ago when African Christian history began in Bible in Genesis with Mitochondrial Eve and Adam before Bible was completed. The Garden of Eden had 4 rivers flowing through Africa Cush, Ethiopia Abyssinia, Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda and east Africa. People of Africa know the God of the Bible as shown in time of Abraham who lived in Canaan with converts to Judaism and moved once to Egypt during famine. Hagar the mother of Ishmaelites was from Egypt and Jacob lived in Egypt during famine with Joseph. Moses’ wife Zipporah was an Egyptian and Joseph lived in Egypt as the Pentateuch points out. God delivered the people of Israel through Moses in oral history of God’s nature and God’s dealings with HIS people. Generations later God led Israel out of the Egyptian slavery and many Egyptians recognized the God of the Bible as God Almighty. Queen of Sheba was first mentioned in the Bible as this word queen referred to Black woman in 1 Kings 10:1. The queen of Sheba heard of fame of Solomon and his relationship to the Lord so she came to test Solomon with hard questions. And brought many spices as never brought in ever again as queen Sheba gave to Solomon.new2.png

Scholars say Moses’ wife, Zipporah was black as she was a Cushite in Numbers 12:1. Cush is the ancient name of areas of Africa. The Shulamite woman is black in Song of Solomon 1:5 in Bible. Some say Bathsheba in 2 Samuel 11:3 was black so was Simeon the Niger in Acts 13:1. The Ethiopian eunuch in Acts &:37 was black. Ethiopians are mentioned 40 times in Bible references to black people. Since Ethiopians are black, prophet Jeremiah asked, can Ethiopian change his skin in Jeremiah 13:23 referring to a black skin.  Most Bible teachers believe black people are descendants of Noah’s son Ham in Genesis 10:6-20 in Bible. When it comes to active roles blacks play in Bible often white writers consistently are silent. So instead of giving due credit to blacks in living history, tone down the colour of the skin as not important to God as the condition of the heart. The gospel is a universal good news to black people, white people and every shade in between invited to come to Christ for salvation. By the grace of God black are included in the covenant of God with all the nations on earth. So black skin created by God is highly valued, precious, priceless focus on black soul matters to God in Christ.

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quote-jesus-was-not-a-white-man-he-was-not-a-black-man-he-came-from-that-part-of-the-world-billy-graham-82-41-55 After Jeremiah 1,500 years later, people of Africa were exposed to the God of the Bible as Jesus dwelt with them in Egypt. The Coptic church has memorialized the person of Jesus Christ who was taken by Mary and Joseph into Egypt to protect Him from the wrath of Herod. 30 years later Jesus faced crucifixion in Jerusalem weak, tortured, towards execution, it was black African man Simon of Cyrene who helped Him carry His Cross in Matthew 27:32. The Apostle Mark names Simon of Cyrene as the father of Alexander and Rufus. After Jesus died and rose again He ascended and His apostles filled with the Holy Spirit, empowered proclaims gospel message during Pentecost. For festivals in Jerusalem, proselytes travelled from African Churches among many people from many places. Africans from places such as Egypt and Libya and all people under the heavens gathered in Jerusalem for Pentecost. Included Jewish converts  who came from every nation under the heavens to Jerusalem at Pentecost as 33 C.E. account describes the Pentecost crowd of people. 3,000 people converted that day in Acts 2:38 when Peter said to them, Repent be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of all sins and you will receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.TARDIS-Pentecost.jpgThe African converts took gospel to their homelands after these celebration. Acts 2:9 states this following list of all people from places in Jerusalem 3 times a year. As “Parthians, Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia. Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia Pamphylia, Egypt, parts of Libya of Cyrene, visitors from Rome, Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians.”All people in Jerusalem included Jews as the text says There, dwelling in Jerusalem were Jews devout men from every nation under heaven.” Most were Jews by birth but in the crowd were Gentiles converted to Jewish faith. Devout Jews together with proselyte  Gentiles were present each year in the crowd from every nation under heaven for 33 years in Jerusalem in Jesus’ lifetime and after. About 3 million Jews and converts in Jerusalem go in the temple on appointed days during 3 major festivals in Hebrew calendar which calls for people in Israel to be in the temple. These pilgrimage festivals of Feast of Passover are Pesach, in the Hebrew language in early spring; the Feast of Weeks, “Shavuoth,” which occurred fifty days later in later spring or “Pentecost,” means 50 days after Jesus Resurrection.” A third major pilgrimage festival is Feast of Booths or Tabernacles, “Sukkoth,” in the fall. So the Christian gospel made its way into Africa not in the 17th century through colonization but in first century within months of Jesus’ life and after His death by blacks to black people. 

89bb59177e56c0912f307d68dd09b733.jpgSeveral Africans play key roles in book of Acts where gospel continues to spread beyond Jerusalem. Apollos, an African of Alexandria became influential teacher and co-labourer of the Apostle Paul. The church at Antioch sent Paul and Silas as missionaries working with 2 key leaders of African descent, Simon called Niger and Lucius of Cyrene. The most famous African in New Testament is Ethiopian eunuch’s conversion recounted in Acts 8. Ethiopian eunuch was a high-ranking member of Queen Candace of Ethiopia’s court. While traveling back to Ethiopia from Jerusalem was reading the words of the prophet Isaiah from the Septuagint Old Testament translated from Hebrew into Greek in Africa. While reading he encountered Philip an evangelist who explained gospel to him, assured him of his salvation and baptized him. The Ethiopian already made yearly trips to Jerusalem previously as a Jewish convert. Now returned home rejoicing, bringing the gospel of Jesus Christ with him into Ethiopia where Jesus’ Church maintains consistent witness for two millennia. As gospel moved to Africa from Jerusalem it grew spreading to Europe and elsewhere. The book of Acts 11:20 reveals Africans were evangelizing with non-Africans so over the next several hundred years the African Christians had a tremendous impact on Western Christianity. And so the Western missionaries who came to Africa nearly 2,000 years later brought with them understanding of Christianity influenced by Africans.

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 The core Christian doctrines that says American slave masters passed on to black slaves in the 17th through 19th centuries were shaped in large part by whites. African Christians nearly 2,000 years before know God before doctrines of the colour, race, nature of Jesus, the Holy Spirit and the nature of the Trinity were formally codified at Church Council of Nicaea. Nicaea and other Christian councils included bishops from all over the Christianized world. And Nicaea had members from East including Africa and the West. It was culturally and ethnically diverse group of bishops not whites who translated teachings of Scripture to the creedal statements that these councils produced and all orthodox Christians follow. So the creedal statement was influenced by writings and the teachings of African theologians like Augustine, Alexander, Athanasius, Cyril and others.

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David Livingston in 1813-1873 succeeded in his desire to expose the slave trade as his dominant motive. Proving the source of the Nile as geographical part of Africa was important to Livingstone. He proved the Bible was true by tracing the African roots of Judaism and Christianity. And he met generations later Africans who continued keeping black Jewish belief and Torah practices. Livingstone also on Africa in 1841 wrote, it was as exotic as outer space called the “Dark Continent” and “White Man’s Graveyard.” although the Portuguese, Dutch, and English were pushing into the interior, African maps had blank unexplored areas no roads, no countries, no landmarks. So Livingstone helped to redraw maps exploring a dozen countries including the hinterland South Africa, Rwanda, Angola, and Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire). And he made the West aware of the continuing evil of African slavery which led to it being later outlawed. He was awed by the beauty of Zambezi river used for human misery. It linked the Portuguese colonies of Angola and Mozambique, the main suppliers of slaves for Brazil who in turn sold to Cuba and United States. Though Livingstone was partially driven by a desire to create a British Christian colony, his primary ambition was to expose the slave trade and cut it off at the source. The strongest weapon in his task as he believed was for the Christian commercial civilization. He wanted to help replace the “inefficient” slave economy with a proper respect of black economy to buy and sell goods not fellow human beings and God’s people.maxresdefault (1).jpg

Hence whoever identifies misconstrues Christianity as ‘a white man’s religion’ must understand it is not true. Faith in God belongs to all nations under heaven not exclusively as a white religion but is a universal belief. So cannot be made white as Jesus’ bleached image makes Him whiter by overlooking exceedingly important role of blacks, Africans in the Bible in living church history. Original true Christianity comes from finished work of Jesus CHRIST not whites. Jesus “gave himself for all to redeem us from all wickedness and to purify His people as His own Titus 2:14. So all individuals of every tribe, language and people and nation belong to God says Revelation 5:9 as citizens of heavens. As James 1:13-14 says, let no one say when tempted to be evil say “I am tempted by God for God cannot be tempted with evil and so God tempts no one. Each person tempted to do evil is lured and enticed by his own evil desires. People cannot reject God then blame and accuse God for being a white racist by their wicked actions. And salvation is a personal decision required into the kingdom of God through Christ alone so whites are not the gatekeepers of heaven. Bitterness and anger against those who do evil in the name of God is fully recorded in Book of Life by God who takes full notice. During Judgement Day God will throw them in hell if they do not repent. You do not want to be their neighbours in hell so it is important not blame others especially God if not living right within the will of God. And humble yourself, repent to be saved in Christ not to miss heaven because of being misled to think Christianity belongs to whites. All have sinned and fallen short of the grace of God as sinners whether black, white, yellow or red. God loves all people so does not want anyone to reject Christ perish. Accept the key to entering God Almighty’s Kingdom through Christ for Christians as the only way of salvation in Christ alone not whites. Above all, God is not a white racist supremacist so LOVES all people who love and honour HIM in Christ. God created all people, provides life, food, sunshine, rain, shelter for all including HIS enemies. God wants all saved in Christ so stop divisive use of the Christian Gospel to preach hatred and divisions in the name of God the Father in Christ Jesus Name.