Jesus is a LIVING SACRIFICE because His death and Resurrection is not like idol human sacrifice of victims forced to be killed or decapitated as offering to gods. Jesus Christ atoned for sins of the world in Hebrews 9:13-10:18 because blood of bulls, goats, ashes of heifer sprinkled on unclean people sanctify to purify flesh temporarily so is repeated annually. Not good enough to wipe out mankind’s sin eternally in God’s Kingdom as required. This foundation of Christianity is God’s WAY of ULTIMATE SACRIFICE to stop animal sacrifice although God sacrificed animal in Genesis 3:21. Abraham’s only son Isaac during test of faith had animal replace the human sacrifice in Genesis 22:12. God in past used animal sacrifice to symbolize God’s mercy to sins. And so pagan’s human sacrifice abomination to the LORD God in Deuteronomy 12:30-32. Jesus came to fulfil the law in Matthew 5:18 and in Romans 5:6-11, atonement by Jesus’ Human and Divine nature is in line with Word of God. So Christianity’s sacrificial death of Jesus is Biblically sound because Jesus Resurrected unlike human sacrifices. Ten commandments says don’t kill or use human sacrifice, in Leviticus 18:21 says, “Do not give your children to be sacrificed to Molech, for you must not profane the NAME of your God. I AM the LORD. In Leviticus 20:2-5 The LORD told Moses, 2 “Say to the Israelites or alien living in Israel, who gives any of his children to Molech, must be put to death. People of the community are to stone him or set MY Face against that man and cut him from his people; for by giving his children to Molech, he has defiled MY Sanctuary and profaned MY HOLY NAME. If people in community close eyes so man giving his children to Molech and fail to put him to death I will set MY Face against that man and family to cut him off and all who follow him to prostitute themselves to Molech.2 Kings 23:10 says, He desecrated Topheth in Ben Hinnom valley to sacrifice his own son or daughter in fire to Molech.Supernatural faith in God better than in Jeremiah 32:35, They built high places for Baal in Ben Hinnom valley to sacrifice their sons and daughters to Molech I DID NOT command or enter MY MIND they should do such detestable things to make Judah sin. In 2 Kings 16:3, Unlike David his father, he did not do what was right in the Eyes of the LORD God. 3 He walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, sacrificed his son in fire, following detestable ways of the nations the LORD drove out before Israelites.2 Kings 17:31 says men from Babylon made Succoth Benoth, men from Cuthah made Nergal, and men from Hamath made Ashima; 31 Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak, Sepharvites burned their children in the fire as sacrifices to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. In 2 Kings 21.6: In both courts of temple of the LORD, built altars to all starry hosts. 6 He sacrificed his son in fire, practiced sorcery and divination, consulted mediums, spiritists. However Supernatural faith in Almighty God is far better than doing evil in Eyes of LORD to provoke HIS anger. And Jeremiah 7:31 said they built high places of Topheth in Valley of Ben Hinnom to burn their sons, daughters in fire God did NOT command, or did it enter MY MIND.Deuteronomy 12:31 says don’t worship the LORD your God that way because in worshipping their gods, they do all kinds of detestable things the LORD hates. They even burn their sons and daughters in the fire as sacrifices to their gods. Deuteronomy 18:10 says, Do not give your children to be sacrificed to Molech, for you must not profane the NAME of your God. I AM the LORD.2 Kings 23:10, says He desecrated Topheth, in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, so no one could use it to sacrifice his son or daughter in the fire to Molech. In Ezekiel 20:31 When you offer gifts of sacrifices of your sons in fire you defile yourselves with all your idols to this day. So, AM I to let you inquire of me O house of Israel? As surely as I LIVE declares SOVEREIGN LORD I will NOT let you inquire of ME.Archaeological evidences support these CHILDREN, INFANT, sacrifice data. And in Psalm 106:34: They did not destroy the people as the LORD commanded them 35 but mingled with nations and adopted their customs. 36 They worshipped their idols, which became a snare to them. 37 They sacrificed their sons and daughters to demons. 38 They shed innocent blood of their sons and daughters sacrificed to idols of Canaan so the land is desecrated by their blood. So sacrifice is condemned as ‘innocent blood’ shed by murder. And Ezekiel 23:37 says they commit adultery and blood is on their hands. They commit adultery with their idols to sacrifice their children they bore to ME as food for their idols. Sacrifice of children is ‘blood on their hands.’ Jeremiah 19:4 says For they have forsaken ME and made this a place of foreign gods; they burned sacrifices in it to gods neither they or their fathers or the kings of Judah ever knew, they filled this place with the blood of the innocent. 5 They have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as offerings to Baal I did NOT command or mention, or did it enter MY MIND.They burnt their sons in fire filling the place with the blood of innocent murdered. CHILD SACRIFICE MURDER as Exodus 23:7 says don’t put innocent people to death. The children are killed but the issue is Israel is commanded to enforce judicial death penalty for such murder. If a capital-offence guilty executed in Deuteronomy 19 : 11 if a man hates his neighbour and lies in wait, assaults and kills him, and flees to one of these cities, 12 the elders of his town shall send for him, bring him back from the city, and hand him over to the avenger of blood to die. 13 Show him no pity. You must purge from Israel the guilt of shedding innocent blood so it goes well with you. Jesus by FREEWILL choice to be crucified as the innocent Man to bear sin in 2 Corinthians 5.21: God made him who had no sin to be sin for us and ‘He himself bore our sins in His body on the tree’ 1 Peter 2:24. Jesus took on God’s wrath to redeem mankind but why not use animal substitution like Abraham in place of Isaac? Superextraordinary Blood of Jesus Christ supersedes blood of bulls and goats in Romans not enough to pay the price of sin. Jesus said in John 15:13 GREATER LOVE has none than this, that He lays down His Life for His friends. So Mark 10:45, The Son of Man Jesus didn’t come to be served but to serve and give His Life as ransom for many. Jesus has voluntarily died for His friends. John 10 : 11 says, “I am the Good Shepherd Who lays down His Life for His Sheep. John 10 : 15, the Father knows Me and I know the Father so lay down My Life for the Sheep. John 10:17, My Father LOVES Me for I lay down My Life and TAKE it up again. 18 NO one takes it from me, I lay it down by My OWN accord. I have Authority to lay it down and Authority to take it up again by My Father’s approval. Hebrews 7:27 says Unlike the high priests He did not need to offer sacrifices daily offered His Life for sins of people. His SACRIFICE for sins ONCE for all. Hebrews 9:14 says BLOOD of Christ through eternal Spirit offered Himself unblemished to God to clean our consciences from acts that lead to death, to serve the LIVING GOD. Jesus Suffering sin-bearing Servant in Isaiah 53 is not victim but High Priest Offering. Jesus is PERFECT without a blemish for the Cross is substitute sacrifice without defect. Jesus took on sins of the world as LAMB of GOD as Authorized Sovereign POWER in Leviticus 1. Isaiah 53:6 said actions of YAHWEH allowed the sins of Israel on Jesus as Messianic Servant. All like sheep have gone astray each turns to own way, the LORD laid on Him iniquity of all. He was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of MY people He was stricken. The LORD crushed Him and cause Him to suffer the LORD makes His Life a guilt offering in Isaiah 53:10 to bear sins of many in Isaiah 53:12. God’s SOVEREIGN POWER in Christ Resurrect Him as Jesus-God fully cooperated with Father’s in Spirit of Unity taking on sins of world without violating the sacrifice laws against God. Human victims had no choice unaware of their fate.Some call God a child abuser for allowing Righteous Jesus to give His Life in this way. They think it’s unfair on Jesus “substitution applied by Moses in Isaiah 53 for atonement of suffering golden calf ready to sacrifice his soul for Israel, when he said, “If not blot me, I pray you out of your Book of Living in Exodus 32:32. The Crucifixion of Jesus is necessary to restore the moral compass of mankind to stop the judgment of God by self-sacrifice. Jesus’ ransom, priestly offering, substitution transfered guilt to Jesus once and for all. Living sacrifice of Jesus can’t be compared to murder of children God didn’t approve. God used murder to punish those defiling HIS LAND and serving idols. God’s Direct Salvation is more than enough but mankind’s sin needs Jesus’ redemption. Christianity did not begin with human sacrifice but became part of it due to the stubborn resistance rebellion mankind is condemned to God’s wrath. Superior BLOOD ULTIMATE LIVING SACRIFICE of Jesus is fullness of revelation of God. It proved those who thought death ends Christianity wrong by Resurrection of Jesus. He voluntarily sacrificed Himself so uniquely worthy to atone for human sin and to redeem mankind from curse of the law. God hates a human sacrifice unlike Jesus’ willing sacrifice on a Cross to payment for sins He did not commit. All who sinned can never atone by mere mortal human sacrifice. A human mind sees it as injustice or horrible abuse God chooses to punish an innocent man for sin He did not commit. Jesus Christ gave himself for Christians to be free from the WRATH of God. No human qualifies to meet GOD’S PERFECT QUALITY Jesus criteria for atonement. Jesus is not like human sacrifice God disdains by pagans idol worship sins against God’s holiness. Sin is forgiven by Jesus’ atonement but other idols punish perpetrators repeats offence. This does not break evil spirit curses behind sin like Jesus’ sacrifice is UNIQUE because He Resurrected unlike human sacrifice. Jesus Sacrifice is at the heart of Easter commemorating His Life experience thanking God’s redemption. A human sacrifice ritual lack knowledge of requirements of God as blood thirsty idol worship ritual linked to a temple prostitution human experience. Power hungry drive abuse of innocent women forced to get rid of evidence of shame of perpetrators. Jesus said God is My GOD and your God and the ONLY ONE LORD to worship. Believers follow Jesus and receive FORGIVENESS, Mercy, Grace of God as UNIQUE to CHRISTIANITY. Bible makes it quite clear God hates human sacrifice but pagan nations surrounded the Israelites practiced human sacrifice as rituals to false gods. God declared its detestable to HIM so HE Hates it as says Deuteronomy 12:31;18:10. Evil practice of sorcery and divination God hates in 2 Kings 21:6. Eternal life God established shedding blood to cover sin in Hebrews 9:22. God Himself performed an animal sacrifice to cover, temporarily sin of Adam and Eve. After pronounced curses on first couple killed animal, shedding blood used skin to cover Adam and Eve in Genesis 3:21 after sin. God gave Law to Moses plus instruction of how, when, why, by whom animal sacrifices offered to HIM continued till Christ ULTIMATE, PERFECT LIVING SACRIFICE so animal sacrifice is no longer necessary. “Those sacrifices annually reminded of sins, because as impossible for blood of bulls and goats to take away sins in Hebrews 10:3–4. Living SACRIFICE of Christ on the Cross did not violate prohibition of human sacrifice. Jesus was not a mere mortal or His sacrifice is temporary because no human life can cover all the sins of all multitudes who ever existed. None can atone for sin against Immortal God. God Himself atoned for mankind’s sins and paid penalty owed to Himself, became a Man and dwell among men in John 1:14. God didn’t sacrifice Jesus God incarnate, He offered Himself, No one forced Him. He laid down His life willingly by own accord with Authority to lay it down so with Authority takes it up again in John 10:18. God the Son is a living sacrifice Himself to Father God so fulfilled the Law unlike the temporary sacrifices, Jesus’ living sacrifice and His resurrection was because He laid down His life and took it up again, providing eternal life for all who believe in Him and accept His sacrifice for their sins. He did this by love for the Father and for all those the Father has given Him says in John 6:37–40.
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The research is published in the journal Infant Behaviour and Development. The conflict of interest of the toy companies advertising children playing with many latest toys makes parents feel obliged to buy them for the children not to feel left out. Children display their toys online on social media to compare with each other including the addictive games that stop children learning, doing homework assignments later in college, university or focus at work. Lack attention span or focus from childhood affects the adults today unable concentrate for few hours to complete tasks at hand. Christmas is around and parents must not let a child manipulate them emotionally to buy a toy without teaching them first value of essential basic reading at level. Children can get a few educational toy to reward them to do exceptionally well in a field of academic achievement at school. The development steared towards a specific direction of any future career requires relevant toys to influence natural gifts, talents and abilities. Otherwise parents unintentionally make children victim of success by their ability to buy too many toys they can afford. Just because it is possible to buy things seen on the TV in adverts does not mean it enhances their specific development. Parent knows the children best, whether they are trained experts or not must help child learn not to depend only on school to learn. Early learning through practical play is now rapidly eroded by virtual reality keep children cocooned online. So important to carefully reflect before Christmas on piling up toys to “prove” your “love” of your children to the world overloading them with too many toys. Experience shows most children are just so happy playing with the box, not expensive toys boosting their parents ego. Millennium children are suffering from the lack of a social understanding or interaction due to isolated attachment to toys valued as more precious than engaging with each other. Time consumed worrying about their toy possessions makes them miss out on appreciating fellow human being as adults due to learned behaviour. The competition among children, teenagers over toys leads further to threats of the perceived anger of friends loving them only for their material possessions. The toys must not take over to babysit their children without adult supervision and input. One of the best ways to bond with children is play with them sometimes to help them value the adults in their lives.
Dr James Emman Kwegir Aggrey is one of the leading figures in the history of education in Africa. And undoubtedly Dr. James Emmanuel Kwegyir Aggrey, is more popularly known as “Aggrey of Africa.” He is noted as great sociologist, orator, preacher, far-sighted politician, equally famous for witty epigramatic sayings. Aggrey is apostle of inter-racial co-operation, advocated and helped to cut the path of progress for the African race in many fields, in the direction of Religion, Education and Agriculture. Is known as “Father of African Education,” a “First African Gender Activist,” “Pan-Africanist,” “African Theologian,” “Civil Right Activist,” and “Father of Achimota College.” On Google gets 11,000+ results in 0.30 seconds. Born on Monday, 18th October, 1875, at Anomabo in Central Region, Gold Coast by a Princess Abena Anowa of Ajumako and Okyeame Prince Kodwo Kwegyir the Chief Linguist in the court of King Amonoo V of Anomabu, Aggrey was seventeenth child of father and fourth of his mother Abena Anowa, third, last wife of Okyeame Kwegyir. ( Okyeame Kwegyir had 21 children in total; 9 by his first wife, 4 by his second and 8 a third wife Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey’s mother. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey was born amidst rumours of an Ashanti invasion of Anomabo in wartime-preparation to name him on eighth day after birth as tradition demands ceremony. Baptism on June 24th, 1883, Aggrey with brother Kodwo Awir. His Christian names James William Emman and brother. His Fanti names are: Kodwo Mensa Otsiwadu Humamfunsam Kwegyir Aggrey.Dr James Kwegyir Aggrey’s family. And Emman, ‘ Great city’ is “Oman” in Fantse language of Cape Coast pronounciation affected it so Aggrey accepted it. Kodwo, ‘male child born on Monday is Kwegyir. or Kwedjo Mensa, is a ‘third male child’ Otsiwadu, tenth. Otsiwa Humamfunsam ‘wide-ruling Agyeman’ Kwegyir, father’s name Aggrey, family name. Kwegyir is a contraction of Kwedjo and Egyir. Egyir anglicised Aggrey. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey’s father, respected linguist spokesman of a chief or king, a warrior. His mother, a daughter of a medicine man so he was born in traditional family who became Christians and Dr. Aggrey baptised, as James, Kojo, Kodwo, Mensa. James said: “My father, mother, brothers, sisters became Christians through me. I got a taste for this 8 years old.” Dr Aggrey’s Bust at Achimota School, Accra, Ghana. Before eighteenth birthday he entered Wesleyan School in Cape Coast as father left with mother to seek employment as “goldtaker’ with Mr. John Sarbah of Anomabu and father of late lawyer John Mensah Sarbah, CMG, a merchant and member of Legislative Council. But after bankruptcy of the Hon. George Kuntu-Blankson, whose firm Kodwo Kwegyir held position years at Anomabu, fifteen miles east of Cape Coast. Dr. Aggrey’s younger sister his favourite admired him for prowess of learning to recite what he was taught at school like Lord’s Prayer, Apostle’s Creed, ‘Thirty days has September, multiplication table and so on. A lot is said about how thin he grew but strong and healthy. His mother said he detests ‘fufu’ from boyhood. And Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey pursued knowledge. He rose early did water-carrying, sweeps, puts a boiled maize under his cloth with books, goes to Amanfu seashore to read till school time. He daily walks across a Chapel Square centre of town “oblivious of things but books, his eyes glued to” is said to be among top four (4th) in class.In Achimota School in 1888, Dr. James Kwegyir Aggrey’s life changed with the arrival of Rev. Dennis Kemp, Wesleyan missionary, who arrived in Cape Coast from Barbados, West Indies. As part of his efforts to curb illiteracy at the time, proposed to take 20 people (all boys) to mission house for training so favoured among them was Dr. James Kwegyir Aggrey. Young Emmanuel distinguished himself in all branches of knowledge, so easily won admiration of Rev. Dennis Kemp. In a spacious mission home, “the most palatial residence in Cape Coast,” Aggrey and twenty three lads received instruction in joinery, blacksmithery, home decoration, painting, in addition to formal literary education, science, logic, etc. As expected, Aggrey became more engrossed in his books. He was quoted to declare many times, “I want to know everything.”Aggrey had no time for ‘games.’ He lived for books. He would stay up reading long after others were asleep, when weary, tie a soaked towel around his head and sit with his feet in basin of cold water. He loved God as a boy so history books refer to him as ‘a natural Christian.’ Two years later he at 14 years, completed his course at this college, and accepted post of temporary pupil teacher, Abura-Dunkwa, 20 miles east of Cape Coast on monthly salary of 35 shillings. Aggrey was responsible for a class of about 30 boys. Rev. Dennis Kemp appointed to spiritual oversight of the Coast to the Prahso district. And Aggrey and Rev. Dennis Kemp made a two-day journey to this large circuit. At Ekroful, they were handicapped for lack of accommodation, no hotels or lodging houses, slept in the chapel; Rev. Kemp in the pulpit, and Aggrey in a pew. By age 15, was in sole control of the school and compelled shows a leadership prowess. He raised the standard of pupils’ work under his guidance. The day school and Sunday school became the largest in the circuit. In a letter to the school 37 years later, Aggrey recounted, “In 1889 I was in Abura Dunkwa to teach in a village school. I was kindergarten teacher, primary teacher, headmaster and all. He lamented about the poor conditions of teachers but stated, “and yet looking back on my life, if I had chance to live again, I will gladly do teaching again.A year after, Aggrey transferred to Cape Coast with Christian missionaries had fraternal, literary and social clubs, the Singing Band, Band of Hope, and Christ Little Band and Y.M.C.A. Trade prospers, speculation in gold mines, machinery increasing; railways in nearby district. Banks established, newspapers springs up, study of English became popular. So Aggrey joins staff in Wesleyan Memorial School, built in 1881, taught many years. Studying for Aggrey was a lifestyle and not a task took lessons to prepare for a Cambridge Local Examination. Studied Magnetism, Electricity, traded with the missionaries giving lessons in the Fanti language. In return he learnt lessons in French, Latin, Psychology, always ready shares knowledge with pupils. Aggrey is known for delight in use of long English words. Quoted in a youthful essay, “ In the tropics, nature excels herself in superabundant productiveness.” If he didn’t find word to suit him creates one quoted says, “ the tropician is satisfied on land, frigidian on icy waters.” He coined title ‘tantabulator’ name of the music instrument, tanta-ba in fanti it was the only instrument he played well. Dr. Aggrey excels in all he ‘touched’ and he was proud of himself. He is quoted to say, “ when I was trained for ministry, I ranked first in Greek, Latin, in Bible History, Logic, Exegesis, yes, first in everything.” He was so good Wesleyan authorities permitted him to preach at age 16. As Dr. Aggrey turned 20, he was Assistant Headmaster at the Wesleyan Centenary Memorial School. Anomabo Etsiwa Posuban Asafo group or military Dr Aggrey belongs. In 1889, the Rev. J.B. Graham entered ministry and Aggrey a Headmaster of the school aged 23. He took Teachers’ Certificate examinations of Department of Education in 1895 was first among 119 candidates all over the country. Only one gained a second class certificate of distinction qualified him without further examination, “to teach in similar school in any British Colony, the world over.” The Legislative Council voted (NC30.00) 15 pounds in his favour for purchase of books in appreciation. His success made Cape Coast Wesleyan School the best school in the Colony. As stated by Director of Education with 400 enrolled students, Aggrey is a figure of great man in Gold Coast at that time.Dr James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey. From 1895 – 1898, Aggrey is educational giant, a politician and soldier. Aggrey became recording Secretary, Aborigines Rights Protection Society and short time acted as Chief Secretary of Society. He carried about a petition for signatures against notorious Public Lands Bill (1897). On one occasion, performed splendid task of walking, in the course of a single day, 36 miles to Manso to send an important cablegram to London on behalf of the Society. Aggrey contributed articles in a Gold Coast Methodist Times, his friend Rev. Jacob Anaman then editor, helped to get the unpopular Bill withdrawn. As a soldier in Fanti-Ashanti war, Aggrey served his expedition under Colonel Sir Francis Cunningham Scott, a veteran of Gold Coast Constabulary who had on his staff two British princes. Prince Henry of Battenberg and the Prince Christian Victor. Aggrey an interpreter was paid 7/6d. per day attached to Telegraph Unit with Captain R. S. Curtis and Lieutenant McInnes marched from Cape Coast to Kumasi in December, 1896. Saw fighting in Kumasi, the following year returned to Cape Coast unhurt. Afterwards, his father’s people made him the Tufuhene a Field Marshall according to the native custom. Although accepted the honour politely sought to be relieved of office, as it would have stood in the way of his education and other civic programmes. This refusal, was not for lack of interest in African customs, but because he felt he could not fulfil all functions at same time. Dr Aggrey was popular amongst the Gold Coast educated elites whatever he wear they mimic his style. In his own words: “In Gold Coast I was popular if I wore my hat over my right brow all young men wore theirs in the same way. I did not know I knew nothing. From Gold Coast I went to America, to obtain two doctorates. Perceived knew nothing.” For the next twenty-six years, from 10th July, 1898 to October 15th 1924, Aggrey pursued knowledge and education in America. Through the generous offer of Rev. John Bryan Small a native of Barbados, Aggrey proceeded to America to train to join the Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. Aggrey left for United States, 10th July, 1898, SS “Accra” reaching America a month later. Aggrey describes life-time student, successfully took examinations every year. Aggrey combined good academic attitude with his diligence and hard work raise funds during long vacation to pay his fees.Dr James Emman recounted experience seeking job at publishing firm, “ When I asked for work, they told me they had no work except for a devil. So I begun to black my face more black, easy to do using hand machines. After three weeks, moved to journeyman another threebweeks is made a proof reader.” For his hard work was asked by editors of Charlotte Daily Observer publishing firm to contribute articles to the papers. Mr. H.E.C Bryant, through whose hands his contributions passed noted:“ He’s dark as dark, but very few in America can use English as he can. His articles go in without blue-penciling.” In 1902 Kwegyir Aggrey graduated with B.A honours. He won gold medal for English composition and a second gold medal for general scholarly deportment. In the same year, delivered a Latin salutatory at Commencement in American colleges at close of the term. He earlier delivered first Greek oration heard in the college.In 1912 M.A degree conferred on him by Livingstone College as Hood Theological Seminary Doctorate Degree. Prior to his graduating assisted staff of the College. And when professor, A.B Johnson fell ill, Aggrey worked for him so death of A.B Johnson appointed him after Registrar, Financial Secretary, he taught English Language, Literature, Sociology and Economics. He acted as Treasurer of the college athletic association, was superintended of College Sunday School ordained an Elder of the Zion Methodist Church in 1903. Made Pastor at Miller’s Chapel and Sandy Ridge in 1914. After completing course, College authorities pressed him to stay. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey always conscious of time, was known by students as a ‘stickler for punctuality.’ Students accused him of ‘putting on the clock.’ They tried to catch him late, but never succeeded. A fellow student and one-time principal, Dr. W.J. Trent wrote:
“His influence at Livingstone, where he taught for more than 20 years was very precious and had a great deal to do with improvement of moral and spiritual conditions of whole college life” In 1917, position of the President of Livingstone College became vacant passed over, many expected, supported him for the post, Dr. Aggrey remained strong. He stated in a letter: “ I believe the Lord has something else in store for me. I am doing my best, patiently waiting until He gets ready for me to go where He leads I follow. Dr Aggrey obtained Philosophy Degree, Divinities in 1923. He returned home to Achimota College as foundation member of staff in 1924, Assistant Vice-Principal, thanks to Governor Guggisbery, who made the foundation of College possible. In 1924, position of President of Livingstone College vacant again and Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey in Gold Coast was invited to take over as President but declined the offer. Committing himself to work as a staff member of Achimota School in Accra. Despite the big disparity between the income offered or one taken at time. In a letter to a friend, Dr. Aggrey explained his position: “ In the United States, the Livingstone College stands first in my heart. I love her. And God’s choicest blessing attend her. But in the whole wide world my Africa comes first.” It is Aggrey’s contribution to welfare of the Gold Coast in particular and Africa in general helped in three major fields. He served as only African member on two internationally reputed education commissions for Africa. Phelps-Stokes fund Commission, regarded a key-stone to raising the standard of education in Africa. In will dated 1909, Miss Caroline Phelps-Stokes bequeathed her fortune, amounting to almost a million dollars, to trustees with instruction the income be used, inter alias, “for education of Negroes, in Africa and the United States, North American Indian and needy and deserving white students.” Out of this came two Commissions, which toured countries in Africa for fact-finding, on which Aggrey features prominently. It is during this journey Aggrey made a significant impression and underscored importance of education among people who became important figures in Africa including Hastings Kamuzu Banda, later president of Malawi, Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria, and Kwame Nkrumah, first president of Ghana. We hear of Aggrey in Sierra Leone, Liberia, September, 1920. Gold Coast, October to November, 1920. Nigeria, Fernando Po November, December 1920. Cameroon, December 1920, Belgian Congo January 1921, Angola January to February 1924, Kenya, February to March 1924, Uganda March 1924, Tanganyika and Zanzibar March, April 1924, Nyasaland Rhodesia in April to June 1924, South Africa again in June 1924, Again Gold Coast October, 1924. In a letter to his wife, wrote about his work on the commission. He said the characteristic of Christian is to do more than he is commanded to do. He added:
“I can bear witness turning the right check wins ultimately. Rightly does
Shakespeare make the critical Iago, Shakespeare’s consummate satan critic of critics, pay sweet-souled Desdemona most excellent tribute: ‘She holds it a vice in her goodness not to do more than is requested.’ … I go forth, Rose, first to serve my God, our God Who has appeared to me by
the side of the mountain and asked me to go lead my people away from Egypt, ignorance and maltreatmet, I go to serve my people.” While visiting Kenya, Commission recommended four separate Education Advisory Committee for racial groups in Kenya: Europeans, Arabs, Indians and Africans. They steer educational development for each race until independence. So recommended rural education and industrial training. The recommendations were adopted in 1925, Jeans School, Kabete opened to train artisans. In South Africa delivered a lecture used, keys of piano as image of racial harmony: “I don’t care what you know; show me what you can do. Many of my people who get educated don’t work, but take to drink. They see white people drink, so they drink too, imitate weakness of white people, but not their greatness. They won’t imitate a white man working hard. If you played only the white notes on a piano you get only sharps; if play only the black keys you get flats; but if you play two together you get harmony and beautiful music”
Dr Aggrey so much impressed the white settlers at public lectures his audience wildly admiringly exclaimed that:“Damn his colour, he’s a saint.” His idea of education was “All inclusive” type, “Secular education” abhorrent to him; education is full development of human personality. “Education” he said, “Does not mean simply learning. it means training the mind, in morals hand helps to make socially efficient. Not simply three R’s but the three H’s the head, the hand and the heart.” He wanted all-round training for girls and boys “No race or people can rise half slave, half free, surest way to keep a people down is educate men, neglect the women. If you educate a man you educate an individual, if you educate a woman you educate family nation.”
On University education, said it should combine the best of east with best of the west, the best of Africa with the best of Europe, Asia and America. “Encourage original thinking, encourage research, helps add to human knowledge. West Africa proved we get classics, theology, philosophy, masters in jurisprudence and dialectics. The question is, can we turn knowledge more and more into the service of common weal? Can we give back with interest what we received? I believe, we can. University Education is to prove what scientific training can do. University education should aim to give women, training co-education to subdue the earth. Training for character: that is Christian: Christianity not Church going.
In United States, greatly helped needy negroes at the mercy of money lenders by encouraging formation Co-operative Farmers’ Association, Farmers Unions Credit Union Banks, and agricultural enterprises to relieve negro’s financial embarrassment. On return to the Gold Coast, while a staff at Achimota, sought permission of Director of Agriculture and toured length and breadth of Gold Coast, preaching same ideals. The result was output and quality of farmers’ crop in twenties improved radically. As an advocate for inter-racial co-operation, Aggrey contributed to cause of peace. So his ideas based on bi-racial grouping, stood for civic pride, social betterment, taking pride in own race but seeking friendly relationship with all races. This was radical opposite view of ultra-racial group of thinkers of ultra-conservative school of intellectuals of Marcus Garvey described a great champion. Aggrey always urged his people to be proud of their race and colour. He believed they should remain distinct because of their definite particular contribution makes harmony of mankind. Amalgamation of no conflict, but co-operation is Aggrey’s ideal. He expressed example Piano Keys
“You can play a tune of sorts on the black keys, and play a tune of sorts on the white keys, but for harmony you must use both black and the white.”
“True co-operation “involves certain measure of equality of opportunity, if not actual political status. It means each side has something to contribute more than braun one side, brain on other seek well-being of both.”
Aggrey noted for hundreds conferences attended, acted as president, secretary, leading member, represents university, sometimes church, sometimes Africa in
general. Too numerous to be listed, but a few mentioned: National Conference of Methodist Episcopal Church Foreign Missions Conference of North America, Kennedy School Mission Conference, School of Theology, School of Religious Pedagogy, Congregrational Missionary Society Conference, First Congregation Church of Jersey City Conference, And Eastern Union of Students Volunteers Conference, National Conference of Canadian students and International Convention of the Students Volunteer Movement Conference, and British West Africa Congress. Aggrey did not have everything smooth. He suffered many perils, but did his best to overcome them all. He escaped shipwreck October 17th, 1925, as he and Mrs. Aggrey sailed in SS “Cedric” for America. Earlier, July 1925, he experienced his real baptism of fire while away in Koforidua in Eastern part of Gold Coast during long vacation. “All things stolen including 9 suits, 25 shirts, trunks, brandnew suitcase and 6 pounds 11 shillings in cash. Left one old trunk and visiting cards, lost very heavily and never restored valuables stolen, much less those above value. I determined not to give up but moved on to success.”Big blow to him and his family, Aggrey, recorded the financial troubles, mortgaged house in America and furniture for 500 pounds mortgagor wished it redeemed; further related that to raise funds to redeem it, Aggrey sold his farm together with other property at a considerable loss lost over NC 3,400.00 on the transaction. But a man always in good spirits nothing depressed him and
had unexhaustible fund of wise saying, a few recorded as a matter of interest:
“I am proud of my colour; whoever is not proud of his colour is not fit to live.“Keep your temper and smile,” “that’s what Jesus meant when he told men to turn other cheek. “I have no time for revenge that’s not African “Some white people be transformed to negroes for a few days to feel what we feel and suffer what we suffer.” If I find a man scowling at me, I smile back. He scowls again I smile. I don’t find anyone scowl third time.” Some people go to war; we choose to love; some people hate we sing; some angry we take to laughter; some despair; we hope. Patrol bloodhound wants to get you, can’t run as fast as bloodhounds; what can you do, blacks? In darkest night when everybody despaired, we look and sang, long before our white brothers thought of airplane, ‘Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, coming for to carry me Home. I tell southern people of America, with whom I lived over twenty years of contribution towards solving race problem and civilization of Africa. They live side by side with us, know our faith, our loyalty, our honesty, sensitiveness; know things we prize most is knowledge used for extension of God’s Kingdom.”“No first class educated African turns into a White man. An Educated black wants to be first class black not third class European. Superiority complex is a tremendous mischief of whites in Africa. If worried I go on my knees to talk to God in my own language. And laughing is the way throughout life. It is the positive side of Christ’s law of peaceful resistance.” I prefer to be a Spokesman for my entire country: Africa, my Africa.” “You never beat prejudice by frontal attack because mere emotion is the root of it. Always catch more flies with molasses than with the vinegar. I receive kicks from both sides white and black. But all is in a day’s work. Don’t be surprised.” For Only the best is good for Africa.” Aggrey was a far-sighted man. Those who doubted his words lived to see the truth in the end. He compared Africa to Sleeping Beauty, asserted his confidence in her future she would one day wake up to find herself very important in the comity of nations. This in a letter to Dr. Jesse Jones, a highly reputed American minister of religion a great intellectual, Aggrey’s great friend. “It seems to me,” to Dr. Jones in September, 1919, “this is psychological moment for Africa. and I believe you are destined metaphorically to stoop down and kiss Sleeping Beauty Africa back to life from her centuries of sleep.” Dr. Jones confessed what Aggrey said seemed gross exaggeration to him; “they were fantastic imaginations of an emotional African. I believe in Aggrey, I could not share his forecasts.” But came to see Aggrey was right looking back on the gratifying results that followed the Commission, wrote; “In answer to my own doubts and in acknowledgement of my error, I here record that Aggrey’s dreams have come true with almost miraculous accuracy. Signs of the future indicate that they will continue in their realization until Aggrey’s Africa will take its place amongst the continents of the world.”Aggrey, for all his greatness, was a man of simple life even when the Headmaster of the most outstanding school in his time in 1895. He always washed his own clothes although his younger brother, Awir, “as soon as he began clerkship, employed a laundress.”
While in America as a professor, in spite of illness he preached four times every Sunday.“I did not want to disappoint the public, so I told sickness to hold off for a day, and Monday it returned with a vengeance.” He was a man full of humour, one whose sense of humour captivated and subdued the intentions of his enemies. Once, as Assistant Vice-Principal, at Achimota, he proceeded to Sierra Leone to represent the College at the Centenary Celebrations of Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone. The situation was delicate, but occasion important. Aggrey had friends in Freetown, some of his friends, others looked askance at Achimota. Fourah Bay College occupied the pre-eminent position in West Coast. Graduates everywhere in West Africa in academic high education in West Africa.Dr James Emman affiliated to Durham University in Great Britain. Achimota was not first nor second college in Gold Coast looked on as upstart; ideals unlike Fourah Bay ideals. Aggrey expected to attend conference at Fourah Bay College as a spokesman of a serious competitor Achimota. Its feared would be mobbed and killed. It required tact, shrewdness, and intelligence, Aggrey’s alone. He got up and started, “My case reminds me of young girl who returns home from a party and told her father a young man kissed her. Her father said, “how many times did he kiss you? She looks in his face replies: “Father, I came to confess not to boast.” He came “not to boast of Achimota, but confess a debt Achimota, Gold Coast owed to Fourah Bay College. Fourah Bay College stand in Gold Coast is a symbol of African’s educational capacity.” It records “after the speech every door and every heart was open to him”. Between November 19th to December 4th, delivered twenty-four speeches. “Aggrey the Great” is said about his family or private life married to a young pretty and learned American a Miss Rosebud Douglas of Portsmouth, USA. Wedding took place on November 8th, 1905, at Portsmouth. In five years of marriage, three children born to them, namely, Abena Azalea (1907), Kwegyir (1908), and Rosebud (1910). On 24th July, 1926 a fourth child born as Orson Rudolf Guggisberg. Aggrey was a great lover of children, and took great pains to train his children, advising them on how to be careful in life as his end was drawing near. Aggrey, a co-founder of Achimota College, first in examinations he took; holder of degrees of Master of Arts (Livingstone College), Doctor of Divinity (Hood Theological Seminary), Master of Arts (Columbia), Doctor of Philosophy (Columbia holder of many diplomas, joined staff of Achimota in July, 1924. He left for America in July, 1926, returned in November that year. Achimota (Gold Coast) his dream, was formally opened on 28th January, 1927, in May that year he left for England and America died 30th July of pneumococcal meningitis. His death was sad but great affair; was mourned in all continents. Two thousand mourners, white, black, attended the service in auditorium of Livingstone College. Bishop W. J. Walls conducted the service, tributes paid by many dignatories, including Dr. W.H. Goler, ex-President of College, Professor Branley of Shaw University, Dr. Jesse Jones, Bishop W.W. Jones, Dr. George E. Davis of the State Department of Public Instruction, Dr. S. G. Aikins, President of the Teachers’ College at Winston-Salem.
|Death:||Jul. 30, 1927
New York, USA
Son of Kodwo Kwegyir Aggrey & Abna Andua, he was born in Anamabu, Ghana, West Africa.Married Rosebud “Rose” Douglass on November 8, 1905Father of: Abna Azalea (Aggrey) Lancaster(1907-1997)
Kwegyir Aggrey (1908-1986)
Rosebud Douglass Aggrey (1910-1990)
Orison Rudolph Aggrey (1926- )
The honorary pall-bearers were all white citizens of Salisbury: Mr. E.C. Gregory the exMayor, A.L. Smoot, Mr. J.M. McCorkle, Mr. A Buerbaum, Mr. W.H. Leonard and Mr. J.C. Kasler. In Europe, Africa, Asia, America and Australia similar ovations and last respects were offered in his honour: and in the Gold Coast (the land of his birth), every town and village observed his death by weeping and mourning.
For that was the physical end of the man everybody loved, the man who apparently never had an enemy, and the man whose talent and virtues were admired by all classes of the society.
The Aggrey Students’ Society, formed in April, 1928, in America and the Gold Coast, and the Aggrey House, Achimota (Ghana), together with millions of Africans and Europeans who admire his noble achievements will always make Aggrey immortal, and inspire those of later generations to further greatness.
Anomabo beach source:
Dr J E Kwegyir Aggrey is Special
Mount Everest. Ghanaian see, Kwame Nkrumah considered justifiably Mount Everest, Kwegyir Aggrey is delegated to Second Highest Peak in the Himalayas of national and international esteem. Inspiration-wise, Kwegyir Aggrey has no rivals, for Kwame Nkrumah inspired nations, Aggrey inspired internationals, including Kwame Nkrumah when he was a student at Achimota College. Read and see, New African Survey highly respected London-based international journal, New African, with a worldwide readership of more than 200,000 results of a 12-month long survey regarding who the readers thought were ‘THE 100 GREATEST AFRICANS OF ALL TIME’. The Editor asked readers to state why they voted as they did. Commenting on votes, and attached reasons show why they voted as they did, New African’s brilliant Editor Mr Baffour Ankomah, said ‘The total shows Nelson Mandela is No. 1 Greatest African of all time closely followed by Nkrumah ‘Ankomah says in some respect ‘results disappoint’ (New African August/September 2004, page 14). Readers voted 5 Ghanaians, 2 (Yaa Asantewa & Kwame Nkrumah) late Kofi Annan, Abedi Pele, in their list, giving their reasons for their choice -reasons published order of merit.I read list I shared Baffour Ankomah’s disappointment wrote letter to Editor, published in very next issue, October 2004, page 4. Aggrey Of Africa surprised to find my name among “100 Greatest Africans of all time” more surprised Aggrey of Africa not mentioned at all, made me agree with comment (New African August/September 2004) ‘in certain respects results disappointing.’ I make two pleas: First, replace it by Dr James E K Aggrey to write article issue of New African to help readers world-wide to realise why a great man called ‘Aggrey of Africa’, unknown by many today. Felix I D Konotey-Ahulu, London, UK page 50 of same October 2004 issue of the magazine, the Editor published article reproduced around date plaque was unveiled at Anomabo in honour of Dr Kwegyir Aggrey and others who made Ghana proud. The man Dr James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey the title ‘Aggrey of Africa’ but he was early 20th Century phenomenon. I first heard of his name from my father decades ago. Aggrey was born 15 miles from Cape Coast, at Anomabo, in Ghana on 18th October 1875. His father Prince Kodwo Kwegyir, chief linguist in court of King Amonu V of Anomabo, and mother Abena Andua, was a princess of Ajumako. Aggrey’s father was also an expert goldsmith.
Aggrey held essential part of education, training mind encourage good character and be original. Aggrey thinks on his feet. He was not a robot ‘by heart’ man amazed his audience white and black. Lectures brilliantly gives a deep thought to topic carefully prepared for sole aim of making impression at question time after lecture knew he would be quizzed. Aggrey is even more brilliant after the lecture. His knowledge is encyclopaedic. Co-operation in right measure Aggrey believed in co-operation which involved equality of opportunity. ‘It means each side has something to contribute more than brawn on oneside, brain on other to well being of both’. [Please read that again; I love it!] Hence his famous piano keys illustration on badge of Achimota School. ‘You can play a tune of sorts on black keys only, and you can play a tune of sorts on white keys, but for perfect harmony, you must use both black and white keys’, Aggrey said. Co-operation is calling for with whites and blacks not that between an ass and rider. Think of his piano keys illustration depicting the black key and Fraser and Guggisberg white keys managed to achieve brought Achimota School. Aggrey’s humility is worth mentioning took his fellow Fante, Rev Anaman, by surprise by polishing Anaman’s shoes as he spent weekend with him. On sea voyage to South Africa ship’s white steward insisted separating Aggrey from the white people by giving him his own table far away from every body to embarrassment of colleagues, Aggrey later remarked: ‘They thought they were punishing me, but who else had a table all by himself?’Dr James Emman Aggrey’s Ambition for Africa Kwegyir Aggrey’s burning for his continent described enigmatic, pointing out its shape on map posing question of ambition is demonstrated in following story he narrated: A certain man went through a forest seeking any bird he might find. He caught a young bird, brought it home, and put it among his fowls and ducks and turkeys, and gave it chicken’s food to eat. Five years later, a naturalist came to visit the man, and noticed the bird. He said to the owner; ‘Look here, is an eagle, not a chicken.’ The man replied ‘Yes, you may well be right, I trained it to be a chicken. It is no longer an eagle; it is a chicken though it is enormous’. Said naturalist: ‘No, it is an eagle, it has the heart of an eagle, and I shall make it soar high to the heavens’. The owner comes back with a retort: ‘No, it is now a chicken, and it will never fly.’ They agreed to test it. The naturalist picked up the bird, held it up, and said loudly: ‘Eagle, you are an eagle; you belong to the sky and not down here. Stretch out your wings and fly’ and he hurled the bird up. The eagle turned this way and that looking down, saw chickens eating, and came to join them. The owner said: ‘I told you it is a chicken.’ ‘No’, said the naturalist, ‘This bird is an eagle. I shall come back and prove this to you’. The exercise was repeated three times, with same result. The bird always came back to feed with chickens. The naturalist yet again on a hill held bird up, pointing it to the rising sun and shouted, ‘Eagle! You are eagle; you do not belong down here. You belong to the sky stretch forth your wings and fly!’ The eagle looked round, as if new life was filling it, and it stretchedits wings, and with the screech of an eagle mounted higher and higher, never returned. It was really an eagle, though kept and tamed as chicken! ‘My people of Africa’ Aggrey ‘are created in image of God, but men make us think we are chickens and think we are, but we are eagles. Stretch out your wings and fly! Don’t be content with food for chickens.’ Opening of Achimota College Final Journey Achimota School in 1927, Aggrey went to USA lectures, preaching complete book in Columbia University. Fell ill 30 July 1927 from meningococcal meningitis in New York, died quickly. Great lamentation was made on both sides of the Atlantic. Tributes included one his best friends, Dr Jesse Jones. The honorary pall bearers carried his coffin were all white citizens of Salisbury, USA a real token of Aggrey’s influence in the community in days of ‘Colour Bar.’ He is source of immense inspiration by ability to inspire African. At the Aggrey House in Achimota, Aggrey Memorial Chapel, and the country has an Aggrey-Fraser-Guggisberg Lecture series. There is an Aggrey Memorial School, a Kwegyyir Aggrey Annual Prize Examination at the University of Cape Coast, linked to the Personal Distinguished Professorship graciously bestowed on me a Professor Samuel K Adjepong, Vice Chancellor. We must not forget Kwegyir Aggrey. Kwame Nkrumah’s states ‘A greater than Aggrey is here’ history established Nkrumah as great judging not only from blow dealt Colonialism but from the way he made Black Diaspora proud. African voters place Kwame Nkrumah second to Nelson Mandela, in their list of ‘ONE HUNDRED GREATEST AFRICANS OF ALL TIME’ indicating he is really great. James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey is rather special, inspiration lengthens with time: Apart from inspiring Nkrumah himself, Kwegyir Aggrey inspired and taught D A Chapman Nyaho, who inspired, taught K B Asante, who inspired and taught me Physics in Achimota School me, who (I’m told) inspired my students, who in turn are inspiring their students.Dr Kwegyir Aggrey’s inspiration chain progresses. His name is yet alive. Search name ‘Kwegyir Aggrey’ on Internet, and you find man marches on. Anomabo. Its most fitting, as reported by Ghana News Agency, Jan. 8 2007 ‘Memorial plaques to honour 3 heroes of Anomabo by great contributions made to the country, be unveiled on February 24, by President John Agyekum Kufuor as part of Golden Jubilee Celebration of nationhood. Dr Kwegyir Aggrey, visionary philosopher educationist, George Ekem-Ferguson, celebrated surveyor credited by survey of area that became the Gold Coast, and Nana Amoonoo V, Anomabo chief, who led traditional rulers in Colony to sign the Bond of 1844’. We say ‘Ayekoo!’ to Anomabo Association and Traditional Area, Paramout Chief and the Chiefs for bringing this to pass. Gratitude: Kwegyir Aggrey’s Relatives in USA: 4 surviving generations of Kwegyir, Rose Aggrey’s relatives living in USA today. Rudolph, last of 4 children is alive, has daughter Roxane Rose Aggrey not married. The middle children Kwegyir and Rosebud Douglass Aggrey had no children. Abna Azalea Aggrey Lancaster the eldest of childen of Kwegyir & Rose Aggrey, had three girls Raemi Rosemarie Lancaster Evans, Carol Aggrey Lancaster Meeks, and Harriet Azalea Lancaster Graves [Generation-3 from Kwegyir Aggrey & Rose as Generation-1]. Raemi, married to Fred M Evans, and have a son Fred and daughter Janine [Generation-4] both with 2 children each [Generation-5] – Janine & Guanah Davis’ are Adria Marie & Lauryn Janine, while Fred & Evette Evans’ are called Kristen Maria and Fred Junior. Abna’s middle girl, Carol has a daughter Abigail who is married to Stewart Mitchell II, and they have just had another Generation-5 offspring, Stewart Mitchell III. Now, Harriet is married to Hubert C Graves, and have a daughter called Meredith Patrice Graves. I took note that Carol’s full name is Carol Aggrey Lancaster Meeks. Speaking to her on the telephone across The Atlantic, it was as if I felt the genetic acoustics of Aggrey of Africa percolating down the generations to me. They are all very, very, grateful that we in Ghana are remembering, in Golden Jubilee Year, Y/our beloved beloved James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey’s dearly beloved Rose. So am I.
I decided to detach myself from looks and my personality to create popular person I could. I could have been a guy, but I thought ‘let’s explore something different.’ I thought it will be interesting to be a woman on social media and look at the issues that brings. First of all I was going to use a model’s picture, but my girlfriend pointed out I’d need to talk about picture with conviction. Its completely her idea to use the picture. It helped me to have a more compelling story. It started off that I was trying to create the most popular person, but it developed into wanting to raise the awareness of social media fake identity. My audience is young, impressionable and so I thought The Circle was a safe environment to explore as we were told there would be people saying they are something they’re not. But when I was in there, that idea got lost quite quickly.Alex use girlfriend’s photo to pretend to be Kate because when you’re stuck in a room for three weeks and you’ve only got eight people to talk to, you build up relationships with people. You forget they might be fake. After a while it does not matter because you’re interested in their personality. I was really wishing Christopher, actually 22-year-old called Sinead who used granddad’s photo, into existence. I think people felt that way about Kate. The personality was initially made up. I wrote myself a bio and tried to stick to it but I realised I was woefully underprepared. Like for example when Aiden a female contestant talked about snatching her eyebrows, I had no clue what she meant. And then we had to debate certain topics, like Brexit. I had my own views, and I’ve got a degree in politics, but I didn’t want to be belittling or patronising, so I played it safe.Alex with his girlfriend Millie whose pictures provided the face of made-up character Kate. The same happened with some of the questions about sexual stuff. I thought ‘I built boring character, she can’t have a sexy side’ but everyone else thought I was just on the fence. So I found the whole situation mentally draining. I lost my appetite, ended up second-guessing everything I was writing on the app. I realised everything I said counted towards my rating. There were a few times I thought ‘I’ve had enough now, I’m going home to my family’. And it was difficult thinking the UK public might be against me, and Millie might have been exposed to the hype and the criticism. So I just thought ‘stuff it, I’m going to be myself now.’ I started having fun and I went up in the ratings against contestants to give each other marks out of five. Towards the end I think people figured something out and realised Kate’s personality had changed but they can’t have known the extent of it. I never wanted to glorify catfishing. In a safe environment we’d been told people might be fake. To me, catfishing is emotional manipulation but I played a fake character. I’ve been catfished myself before and I wanted to raise awareness of it in a controlled, social experiment. I had tried to protect Dan by friend-zoning him but I had to try to protect my game plan too. He may be a woman himself, for all I knew.Dan found himself getting closer to Kate who was really Alex. I was so nervous to meet him at the end of the series and was almost desperate for him to be my friend. We had to sit together in a small room alone for 35 minutes, which was one of the most challenging things I’ve had to do. The pair since met up for lunch and smoothed over the situation. It’s still not sunk in I won. I went into the final, thinking fellow finalist Sian had been top of the table to win. And when it came to public vote, I thought ‘I’m playing someone fake’ so I thought I had no chance. But winning showed me my personality as me after four weeks of being fake had been noticed.
Show’s psychologist says:
The TV psychologist Honey Langcaster-James worked with Channel 4 on the series as it was aired and on The Circle Uncovered, being broadcast on Tuesday at 10.25pm. She said the series showed those who weren’t being truthful ended up feeling guilty “when they realised a real human being was on the other end of the screen.”Contestants Dan, Sian, Alex and Freddie react to the news there will be a public vote during the final. “There was a real inner tension for Alex, between playing the game and grappling with the moral dilemma of doing that as he got closer to players,” she said. “But interestingly, Alex’s popularity as a player grew when he started being himself more. “I think it shows that as much as you set out to show this version of yourself on social media, people connect with you more when they know the real you that you think and feel.” She said, public voted for Alex to win because they saw the “journey” he went on during the show, and realised his deception “wasn’t being done maliciously in The Circle as Alex Hobern became ‘Kate.’ This experiment teaches people don’t depend on words from online “doctored characters” who con trusting innocent people linked to organised crime human trafficking. Do not give money to catfish scammers who dupe victims badly and disappear with money so learn from TV Circle.Many people lost millions dollars through manipulations of catfish so necessary to learn from TV Circle how social media affects lives. It’s interesting the older woman who pretended to be a young had a gut feeling about Kate and warned Dan in vain. Dan preferred to alert Kate of his suspicion but Kate reassured him there was no problem. This classic mistake gives feedback to catfish to convince victim harder and to dupe them more. Kate won’t have won without the emotional investment of Dan who truly trusted Kate’s words. This goes on daily online with scam letters, catfish photos used to deceive people to lure them to part with money to ‘help meet up’ and consolidate the relationship. Sadly damaged reputation of some online dating that hurt people badly who lost their lifetime savings. They lost trust in genuine people who date them later, as effects and scars of their loses is often projected onto them. Be careful and be aware not to make life commitment by the virtual photo of catfish. Dan learned the hard way just as many realised they were conned by men pretending to be women to dupe them. Some insecure about their size, weight, shape also use catfish to pretend to be a model or use a photo of another famous person online to deceive victim. Scam is revealed after they physically meet and see they do not look like photo used online. Others never find catfish scammer changing identity daily like chameleon to dupe people. Tell friends about potential relationships and listen to gut feelings of friends. Do not wear a love goggle blinded by manipulations to refuse to see sense to save yourself from online scam pain and hardships.
The Circle’s Dan: ‘I was furious about TV catfishing’
The Circle: Alex/Kate wins Channel 4’s reality show 9 October 2018
Money charms to become rich is the trend some people use to get quick gratification in life. Love of money for vanity to buy material things is concept sold by capitalist as source of happiness and status. This idea affects people’s ego to compete so seen with latest gadgets, latest fashion, latest clothes, cars even if unemployed. Bondage yoke materialism puts some people under pressure to conform so accepted by peers in clicks or gangs. Mistake material possession is equal to value of life so lack of material things, “dehumanize” them so acquire it through dubious mean at cost of others. Its bizarre the least hard-working wants most expensive things due to jealousy and envy, laugh at those living humbly within their means. People perish for lack of knowledge. So paradigm shift to acquire wealth by any means necessary causes brilliant people to lose focus, not concentrate on skills, talents, abilities, to earn genuine honest income. Love of money for lust misguides some to look for such money sources instantly to fit into constantly changing trends. Martin Luther King Jr. said, “people be judged by CONTENTS OF THEIR CHARACTER” not by skin tone, class, race or fashion labels, price tags left on garments to show off brand. Martin Luther’s points out damage done to people not treated fairly. Some actively involved in money charm scams, due to pride, arrogance of entitled generation seeing themselves above “working class” reject physical normal jobs involving sweating or toil. So impatient want everything yesterday without knowing or understanding of principles of how long things take to be made and costs. Live in the moment, to be permanently high, enjoying life seen from their perspective as having fun. Its unrealistic pressure to own only latest constantly in fashion, cars, gadgets that lead to evil lifestyle bondage conscience obsessed to impress others to get Street credit. School textbook topics teach the capitalist model influencing young minds advertising sales contents shops calculate maths and English lessons etc. Compare old textbooks with classrooms disguised market generation shoppers. Money spending preoccupation has no ethics to save money, wait, earn enough to buy things NEEDED without instant loans or credit cards. Free access to money creates debt for people deluded by things of the world, grass is greener keeping up with Jones. Live this lifestyle for years but still empty because of void in heart. Look for fulfilment in wrong places, vulnerable to wiles of deception and entrapment into bondage. People struggling with self-worth taught to get self-worth from how much money they earn equals power. Grow up see others getting self-esteem from earning money. With lack of money, face life of struggle, end up feeling ashamed and humiliated for not enjoying the glamorous luxury lifestyle of others flaunted on TV and in newspapers. So see sophisticated luxury lifestyle of slavery and colonial masters enjoying wealth resources usurped copy lifestyle they cannot afford. Others feel they deserve to take back what the devil stole from them by exploitation resort to such methods. All wealth belongs to God so people are stewards entrusted with God’s wealth to provide for all. Do not seek vengeance on capitalists who dupe, hide billions, reward themselves in luxury. God owns all wealth so God’s business to deal with them, leave it for God Jehovah Jireh to provide for you in Jesus Name. Wealth will not save people as Jesus returns to judge they will throw wealth in caves trying to hide from God.
The Bible says in last days people will go to and fro in wrong places looking for happiness and enjoyment to feel good about themselves. People want an unrealistic virtual lifestyle not real life existence within God’s will and plans or purpose. Love of money is root of ALL evil as Bible says leading these innocent people to sell souls to spiritualists, witch doctors to get instant money. Money has conditions attached, destroy themselves or others initiated. Innocent people are victims in bondage as the devil comes to steal, kill and destroy. So naive, greedy children lured into dark forces by a love of money not realising they get into evil satanism too late. So devil goes for best people’s destiny to destroy and disgrace the family. Ironically, families sacrifice to provide needs so lack nothing from a good home with loving parents, orphan, divorced, widows, poor given all family has. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is met beyond basic necessity so live in luxury but bored, restless seek illusion to have fun in wrong places, entangle lives with the forces beyond control. accompanied by nightmares, evil spirits follow them daily to torment them. Seek deliverance since they got more than they bargained for. Money charms continue working by demanding human sacrifice blood to keep potency or lose everything. They do not become rich or established with charmed money, spend it recklessly as instructed to buy clothes, shoes, drink, smoke, do drugs live a lustful lifestyle. Gain the whole world but lose their soul to devil tormenting them changing rules demand to control them gets worse and deeper in marine initiation meeting satan who gives assignment to kill loved ones and relatives for money. So money contaminates real money causing loss to genuine money mixed with money in bank saving through purchases. So evil spirit money in shops changed sends original money back into evil wallet. So empty coffers of hard-earned money people have. Necessary for good success by entrusting money into God’s HANDS to protect your finances in Jesus Name. Jesus warned there will be lawlessness lack of respect for parents, family in-laws without fear of offending people. The witchdoctor initiation controls their minds secret life is hidden from family members. Loved ones from good family targeted by friends who recruit initiate them. Quantification of the value of life lures people under pressure to destroy others to make satan happy with their pain. As pawns, realise their mistake so run to God for help after coming to their senses. Go down a destructive path, lose friends who died recognise they are next unless urgently delivered in Jesus Name. This time evil spirits fights and struggles with them not to seek help because evil spirits will be cast out. To denounce evil spirit seek deliverance from a deliverance church. Jesus came to destroy all works of devil to DELIVER people from all destruction. Find pastors who deliver you without charging money. Give thanks and Glory to God, Jesus Christ through Holy Spirit. Change sim card, delete online contacts porn sites, bad friends and live actively under deliverance pastor’s anointing. Divine cover of Spiritual father in Christ in church, read to study Bible, maintain deliverance living according to word of God in Jesus Christ Name. Praise God.
Lindsay, 36, a writer from Kent, and her Australian husband Glen, 38, first tried living without plastic in 2012. It started out as a month-long challenge so turned into a way of life for the pair who live in Perth, Western Australia. “I’m more the driver than him but we got involved at the same time,” she says. “I’m the one that puts in more work but he agrees with all the values.” So going plastic free for their wedding, in 2014, was a no-brainer.Plastic finds way into weddings in many forms of food storage, drink packaging, decorations, flower delivery – that’s just the start. For Lindsay, who blogs about living without waste, trying to make her special day plastic free came first ahead of any other wishes. “We said we want to be plastic free ‘how can we do that,’ rather than saying, ‘We want roses, we want to have canapes, can we do plastic free memorable but not break the bank. Simplicity was key. To me simple means no fuss and devoting whole weekends to projects was out, says Lindsay.Involving suppliers from outset was the most effective way of making a plastic-free event happen, she says. “It’s really about having conversations with people and explaining why you want to do it. People are willing.” But its about taking matters into you own hands. “If you get stuff delivered to you, that’s when it comes in packaging. It was making sure on the day we went to all the deli, the bakery et cetera so we could guarantee there was no packaging.” Eco Wedding Styles done includes recycled materials.
- Invitations: electronic, sent via email or Facebook
- Flowers: freshly picked by family and friends from their gardens, arranged in old jam-jars
- Decorations: borrowed lace bunting from old tablecloths and curtains • tins fished out of recycling bins and wrapped in twine and in hessian ribbon, which was also used for table runners • hired tablecloths and tea cups • bought beeswax candles in jars
- Food: local businesses focused on locally sourced produce • hired pizza oven • cakes from a bakery that didn’t use plastic packaging • Indian snacks donated by a friend as a wedding gift
- Drink: tap beer and cider • local wine • pre-made soft drinks served in jugs • loose tea and coffee • no straws
- Tableware: venue’s own crockery and cutlery (although having pizza minimised amount needed) • borrowed glasses
- Gifts: guests told not to buy presents – to avoid any waste and wrapping
- Dress: rather than spend hours trawling charity shops, the bride bought a High-Street dress she wore again and then sold on eBay
- Hair and make-up: used make-up bride had • washed hair with bicarbonate of soda and vinegar
- Favours/confetti: did without it
Lindsay and Glen married local bowling club in Perth Lindsay accepts achieving a 100% plastic-free wedding also meant relying on other people. For wedding, they hired a pizza oven and used a local deli to provide fresh ingredients without plastic packaging but did they know what went on behind the scenes? “It’s possible some plastic that I didn’t see… whether he got a packet of salad in a plastic bag, I don’t know were counterbalanced by air miles required to fly her family albeit just four people to Australia. “In hindsight, I should have fallen in love with the guy in the village – but I didn’t,” Lindsay jokes. “I fell in love with a guy in Australia, so it’s one of those things you have to compromise. My parents, my sister and brother flying out for a wedding – it’s a one-off.” They did decide to have the wedding as local as possible in the city of Perth, rather than the countryside, to reduce driving distances. How difficult for Eugenie to achieve? Wedding planner Katrina Otter says working with the right people is key, as some of the more “old-school suppliers” are less keen to adapt. “Make sure you have the right team on board, work with a team willing to do it or one where it’s already part of their ethos.” She adds: Bride and groom might not know plastic involved cutlery wrapped in cling film. No royal wedding is complete without a vibrant floral display.Flowers were a big part of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s wedding day And, traditionally, a key part of those has been the floral foam – the bricks of green, spongy foam that provide a foundation for floral arrangements, as well as a water source. Katrina says finding an alternative to the non-biodegradable plastic material has become a big issue for the industry and many florists are looking to do it another way. The florist who created the displays for the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s wedding, Philippa Craddock, says she didn’t use any floral foam for their big day. The number of couples requesting plastic-free weddings is on the rise, says Katrina, although it remains a small proportion. Another issue to consider for any bride having live TV coverage is the hair and make-up. Kate Arnell, who blogged about her zero-waste wedding, in 2014, says she found it tricky to find plastic-free make-up and hair products. There are a lot more available and since swapped to plastic-free alternatives she says. Whether Princess Eugenie opts for Lindsay’s bicarbonate of soda, vinegar concoction on hair yet to be confirmed. Eugenie wedding wants plastic free on big day. In addition to venue, food and drink, music, the dress, hair and make-up, a bride’s checklist goes on. And also Princess Eugenie added another factor into equation her wedding to be plastic free. The Queen’s granddaughter, who is marrying Jack Brooksbank on 12 October, told British Vogue the couple’s house was anti-plastic and want our wedding to be like that as well.” So how realistic is it? Lindsay Miles discovered, there are quite a few things to take into consideration. If it is just one day, why bother? “A wedding is such a significant day that it’s even more important to be true to your values than on any other day,” says Lindsay. “You can’t go back on your values just because you’re getting married.”
- Are you ready for another royal wedding?
- WATCH: Five ways to break up with plastic
Fast fashion is harming the planet, MPs say environmental impact of disposable clothing in perfect condition needs to be tackled urgently. Young people’s love of fast fashion is coming under scrutiny of Britain’s law-makers. MPs say fashion industry is major source of greenhouse gases overheating the planet. Discarded clothes are piling up in landfill sites and fibre fragments are flowing into the sea when clothes are washed. The retailers admit more needs to be done, but say they are already working to reduce the impact of their products.
What do MPs say?
The House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee says there is a basic problem with an industry that relies on persuading people to throw away good clothes because they are “last year’s colour.” Psychilogical manipulation of a person feeling left out if not wearing the latest clothing means some even wear an item only once. So do not want to be seen photgraphed or attending function in same clothes. Those who do are even mocked and laughed at by their peers. It has serious consequences because it is affecting the environment. It quotes evidence that:
- British shoppers buy far more new clothes than any nation in Europe
- People buy twice as many items of clothing as they did a decade ago
- Fish in the seas eat synthetic fibres dislodged from the washing
The MPs have written to the UK’s top fashion bosses asking how they can maintain the £28bn benefit their industry brings to the UK economy, while reducing the environmental harm. They believe swift action is essential, because if current clothes consumption continues “…they will account for more than a quarter of our total impact on climate change by 2050”, chairwoman Mary Creagh told BBC News. “Three in five garments end in landfill or incinerators within a year that’s expensive fuel! Half a million tonnes of microfibres a year enter the ocean. Doing nothing is not an option.”More clothing must be re-used or gifted
What are the solutions?
The committee’s report to government could include a call for the fashion industry to create less pollution, a demand for longer life for garments and a ban on dumping clothes in landfill. The MPs also have concerns about social impacts. They believe fast fashion is fuelling quick turnarounds among suppliers, which may lead to poor working conditions. Among their questions to retailers are:
- Do you pay the living wage and how do you ensure child labour is not used in factories?
- Do you use recycled materials?
- How long do you keep clothes, and how do you encourage recycling?
- Do you incinerate unsold or returned stock?
- How are you reducing the flow of microfibres into the sea?
The Retailers Response?
Peter Andrews, head of sustainability at the British Retail Consortium, told BBC News population growth and increased demand have led to an increase in the overall volume and environmental impact of clothing. But said members are now designing products that are made to last, and they are encouraging customers to return unwanted clothes for reuse. “We know more needs to be done, but the best answers will be achieved with collaborative global actions.” The companies approached by MPs are: M&S, Primark, Next, Arcadia, Asda, TK Maxx and HomeSense, Tesco, JD Sports Fashion, Debenhams, Sports Direct International.