HAPPY MOTHER HAPPY BABY

The Duchess of Cambridge at Stockwell Gardens Nursery and Pre-SchoolThe duchess appeared on the podcast after visiting children at a nursery in south London

The Duchess of Cambridge has said her parenting inspiration is her “amazing granny” who involved her as a child in arts and crafts, gardening and cooking. In her first podcast interview, she said she wants to replicate experiences with Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis. The episode of Five Big Questions On The Under Fives is survey launched by Catherine starts debate on early childhood has 200,000 responses so far. Speaking on Happy Mum, Happy Baby podcast, Catherine told author and host Giovanna Fletcher the survey aims to ask people “what is it that matters for them in raising their children today.” I had amazing granny who devoted a lot of time to us, playing with us, doing arts and crafts and going to the greenhouse to do gardening, and cooking with us,” she said. I incorporate lot of experiences she gave us at the time into experiences I give my children now.” The duchess said her priorities include providing her children with a “happy home” and “safe environment” she enjoyed as a child. So she is “passionate” about the children spending a lot of time outside is “great for physical and mental wellbeing to lay foundations for a healthy development. The Duchess of Cambridge and Giovanna FletcherIt is the first timeIt’s a great environment to spend time in, building quality relationship without distraction of ‘I’ve got to cook’ or ‘I’ve got to do this’. And actually, it’s so simple,” she said. A generational change starts from seeds sown in early years throughout family. Even if not ‘highly educated,’ one can invest time and resources in simple way to help children to be happy. Its possible to help children to progress beyond the parents by preparing them in the early years. Choices and priorities of focus to include learning materials from nature found free outdoors on walks to create opportunities for children. So it is the responsibility of the parents to help the children early not to depend entirely on schools for all learning experiences in life. A month-long online poll conducted by Ipsos Mori on behalf of Catherine’s Royal Foundation is to “spark a national conversation” on early childhood as the Kensington Palace has said. Launched in January, it is thought to be the biggest survey of its kind and the results are intended to guide duchess’ future workIMG-20200307-WA0002Its the first time duchess is interviewed on a podcast. “It takes family a long time for generational change but hopefully is a first small step: to start a conversation around importance of early childhood development,” Catherine said. “It’s not just about happy, healthy children. This has lifelong consequences of outcomes.” Ms Fletcher, married to Tom Fletcher from McFly has said Kate is “passionate” about the subject. Its ‘beyond wonderful to sit and talk further about the survey, and her work for she has so much real knowledge, and her own experiences of being a mother.” “It doesn’t matter who you are, what you have, or where you come from we’re all try to do our best with our children while continuously learning from decisions and wondering if we get it right. Talking helps unite us all,” she said on the ‘five big questions.’The Duchess of Cambridge at Stockwell Gardens Nursery and Pre-School1. What do you believe is most important for children growing up in UK today to live a happy adult life? Rank from most important to least important:

  • Good physical and mental health
  • Good friendships & relationships
  • Access to opportunities
  • Access to a good education

2. Which of these statements is closest to your opinion?

  • It is primarily the responsibility of parents to give children aged 0-5 best chance of health & happiness
  • Primarily responsibility of others in society to give children aged 0-5 best chance of health & happiness
  • Shared responsibility of parents or others in society to give children aged 0-5 best chance of health and happiness
  • Don’t know

3. How much do you agree or disagree with this statement? Mental health or wellbeing of parents, carers has a great impact on development of child(ren).

  • Strongly agree
  • Tend to agree
  • Neither agree nor disagree
  • Tend to disagree
  • Strongly disagree

4. Which of the following is closest to your opinion of what influences how children develop from the start of pregnancy to age five?

  • Traits child is born with (nature)
  • Experiences of a child in the early years (i.e. nurture)
  • Both nature and nurture equally
  • Don’t know

5. Which period of a child and young person’s life do you think is the most important for health and happiness in adulthood?

  • Start of pregnancy to five years
  • 5-11 years (primary school)
  • 11-16 years (secondary school)
  • 16-18 years (further education)
  • 18-24 years (young adulthood)
  • Don’t know
  • All equally important

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More on this story

  • Kate launches childhood survey to help under-fives
    22 January 2020
  • Duchess of Cambridge tours farm on Northern Ireland visit
    12 February 2020
  • Duchess of Cambridge’s teachers delighted at royal reunion
    6 February 2020 

Duchess of Cambridge says ‘amazing granny’ inspires her parenting

UK

DR. EPHRAIM KWAKU AMU

wp-1577717343772.jpgDr Ephraim Kwaku Amu was a famous Ghanaian composer, musictechnologist and teacher. He was born, 13 September 1899 at Peki-Avetile or Abenase in Peki in the Volta Region a male child born on Wednesday, Kwaku. His father Stephen Amuyaa Papa Stenafo was woodcarver, mother Sarah Akoram Ama. Ephraim was baptised by Rev. Rudolf Mallet, 22 October 1899. Amu in May 1906 aged 12 at the Peki-Blengo E.P. Boarding Middle School shows his interest in music and agriculture. Enjoyed music played in church by Mr Karl Theodore Ntem who played organ. Amu’s teacher of music on organ in return for work on Mr Ntem’s farm on Saturdays taught him  music he loved and did agriculture. In 1915/16 year, Amu passed the standard 7 School Leaving Certificate and Abetifi teachers Seminary Exams. With others walk 150 miles from Peki to Abetifi with boxes on head to start teacher training education. They rest at Koforidua, and NkawkawAsubone and Obomen. In college joined 25 others, Amu saw some students classmates had steel bicycles built his own bicycle from wood carved from a wooden slab in the bush near college.wp-1577730979485.jpgThe students discovered his handiwork named it Amu. It is on record the son of Swiss principal, Stern, enjoyed rides on Amu wooden cycle. Amu’s ingenuity led to carved wooden balls for their school games, which replaced imported balls used at the seminary. Amu completed his four-year teacher-catechist training in 1919. Newly graduating as a teacher-catechist, was one of the two preachers selected in the pulpit on behalf of fellow mates to preach to express appreciation to the tutors and townsfolk. The sermon was an assessment of the quality of the theological training offered to students. Amu chose sermon text from Matthew 25:40 for occasion themed, “the LORD will thank you for all the good you do for HIS little ones.” Amu used Twi and Ewe in his short sermon. Amu is known for his use atenteben, Ghanaian bamboo flute he promoted and popularized the instrument throughout the country, and composed music for it. Amu composed “Yen Ara Asase Ni” -This is our own land a nationally acclaimed patriotic song is performed at national functions.wp-1577719597840.jpgIn 1926 Amu transferred on promotion to the Presbyterian Mission Seminary at Akropong on recommendation of the Synod Committee of the Eʋe Presbyteria Hame. At Akropong, in his new ways of doing things, actions, ideas, unorthodox. In charge of gardening request students to use waste to manure college farm the students unpleased it was a taboo for an educated man to waste. Proved example carried waste to college farm ahead of unwilling students. Dr. Ephraim Amu employed no one to sweep his rooms, wash his plates or run errands for him. No manual work too menial or hard for him, believed in using African cultural artefacts and good African technological and social inventions. He preferred title Owura to “mister” prefix to his name. Dr Ephraim Amu selected Twi names for four new college dormitories completed in 1929. On request from Mr Ferguson Principal of Akropong Training college, Amu came out with a solfa and notation of street song “Yaa Amponsa” set to his own chaste words. His students enjoyed the new song, melody and new words. The street ballad Yaa Amponsa, popular with great appeal and appreciation.wp-1577717331895.jpgAmu learnt to speak correct Akuapem Twi from the members of his Akropong Church singing band who specialised in Amu’s type of African music during the period he led and taught the group. In 1927, inspired by the contents of Wasu, a journal published by the West African Students’ Union, Amu decided he would wear African dress with pride. So not to wear warm those unsuitable European clothes in the tropical Africa. He made efforts to make Christian church service meaningful to African worshippers who were ashamed of their African clothing, language, music or their African names. As part of his ingenuity and creativity Amu introduced bamboo odurogyaba, odurogya and atɛtɛnbɛn. In 1931 after Amu preached wearing African attire on Sunday, he was summoned to appear before the church court. Rev. Peter Hall told Amu, “We were taken aback to see you conduct a Sunday service in native cloth hope you will not do this again.” Amu in his polite manner took leave of the church session but decided in his heart to continue to work in the church as a catechist and music teacher than to become minister of the Gospel to accept wearing unsuitable European dress. In June 1942, Amu married Beatrice Yao and presented a wooden box made of the finest wood instead of an imported steel trunk to his bride. Dr Amu married at the age of 43 on 3 September 1942.wp-1577718179380.jpgDr Amu drove a truck almost similar to this with metal frames he drove around. On Saturday, 27 March 1965, University of Ghana conferred honorary degree of Doctor of Music on Ephraim Amu at University of Ghana, Legon. An Ephraim Amu Foundation was founded in 1995 launched in 2004 in his honour. Blessed to know Dr Ephraim Amu and visited his hometown to attend his son and his daughter in law friend whose wedding we attended. We knew Dr Ephraim Amu for five years in visits to his beautiful home. He is one of the great Pan African pioneers who did his part for Africa quietly in humility allowing his music and lifestyle to speak for itself. As the Ghanaians say, “a good quality product sells itself” without any attempt of spin doctor bulldozing inferior item sold. Dr Ephraim Amu did his best in life left his wonderful legacy of promoting African music, drum cultural values important to him. Dr Amu Day is celebrated as global icon ambassador of African costume culture, music, drums, organic agricultural production. He led by example, so extremely hardworking and it is a privilege to personally meet and know Dr Ephraim Amu’s works of music. He is acknowledged on currency of Ghana as a citizen who stood up for his country and traditions. Above all he loved God as a living testimony for all to see in humility to the Glory of God. Too young to fully understand or appreciate his Pan African cultural views, grateful and thankful for his life as Ho Technical college renamed after Dr Ephraim Amu. Dr Amu’s music is underway by Galaxy Music imprint of ECS publishing Group, released three titles introducing non-Ghanaian choirs to his work to stir up interest in the wider corpus. A quarter of Dr Amu’s works is published in five collections out of print some missing.wp-1577717317363.jpgThough some scores missing, autograph manuscripts filled void unpublishable. With his daughter Misonu Amu is being developed into a new edition of Amu’s scores through a process of comparing primary sources published and versions of audio recordings in consultation with Ghanaian members of team intimately familiar with Amu’s music performance practice. This new six-volume of critical performance edition will present works according to voicing. Thirty titles per volume organized as follows: 1-3) three volumes SATB scores, 4) A volume TTBB scores 5) Volume unison/duet/trio work 6) one volume instrumental pieces. Amu held students’ interest teaching simple African tunes and rhythms studied and adapted the popular traditional African dance, song. Amu also studied Western music and traditional African Music. He studied European Music: Bach, Mozart, Hadyn and other Masters. Amu before hid studies at the Royal College of Music London 1937 had a solid foundation in theory and practice of music. He studied harmony, counterpoint, orchestration, piano, composition of musician Herbert Howells and Gordon Jacob. Amu’s music studies in Europe prepared his musical career in Gold Coast, Ghana. wp-1577717343772.jpgDr Ephraim Kwaku from 1940, for fifty years led contemporary Ghanaian Art Music active musical life in Ghana. He established a Government Music School at Achimota and a Faculty member of University of Science and Technology, Kumasi. Established Music Department Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana at Legon as Senior Research Fellow from 1962-1971 then retired. Amu’s career created the National Orchestra of classical music in Ghana. The National Theatre, National Choir honoured Ephraim Amu, on his ninety- fifth birthday. Choir, conducted by Mrs. Dinah Reindorf performed the works by Amu. Amu’s music is classified into three distinct styles: Early period (1920-1937), middle period (1937-1951), third period (1952-1996). Early work is simple diatonic chords. Songs use duple, triple effect patterns: Biakoye (Unity), Israel Hene (King of Israel), Abibirimma (African Sons) Akwaabadwon (Welcome Song Hail Victors). Middle period works polyrhythmic polyphonic textures show fine music. Amu’s polyphonie textures in Ghanaian languages foundation for his works: Adawura Bome (Play for Me). Akyede Pa Mafo (Giver of Good Things). Amu’s works melo-rhythmic idiom of instrument music effective in writing songs vocals: Adawura Bome  (S.A.T.B.) (Play For Me) percussion rhythm gong and drum of sounds as kon kon kon and pete pete pete.’ Hyiawu hunters’ song. Alegbegbe…(God Loves World). Amu’s music preserves and reflects the linguo-musical dialect music to make culture relevant to Ghanaian music composed, collected and studied.wp-1577717343772.jpgDr Ephraim Kwaku 1958 plays bamboo flutes seprewa, atenteben, instruments developed so standardised. Akan drums atumpan and fontom in his works. His Agyinamoa Wou (demise of cat), scored to bamboo flute ensemble of Atenteben of piano. Amu provides the foundation for composers to contribute to growth sustains Ghanaian mix European music. Ethnomusicologists combine the strong academic interest in music styles. Amu’s vision influence composer’s integration of European African music element and relevant African ethnomusicology helps to understand his music distinguished by his career. Eweland music of Amu’s Asafo Ghanaian war set to Fante tunes of worship in church. Highlife popular West African music origin in Ghana use European- diatonic harmonics emphasis raised to the supertonic minor seventh, modulation dominant African rhythm. Percussive rhythm, parallel harmonics in thirds or sixths; melodic line pattern of texts, non-lexical syllables harmonic and rhythmic effects. ASεM YI DI KA Dr. E. Amu Art Music Ghanaian elements mix native with the European culture: Israel Hene (King of Israel) Odumayefo Ibrefo (Tiresome worker) Awurade Otumfo Kese (Our Great LORD) Onipa dawohoso (Be on guard) Yen Wura Jesu Anim Obi Nni Ho (None like Jesus) Wope Onyame Asenoa (To be like God) Akwaabadwon (Welcome victors) Hyiawu (Hunters’ song) Adawura borne (Play for me) Alegbegbe Mawu lɔ Xexeame (God loves world) Abibirimma (Sons of Africa) Tete Wobika  (proclaim) Nenyo De Wo Dede (Perfection) Mo koso So Mforo (Keep climbing) Onyame Ne Sahene (God Captains our host) Biakoye (Unity) Asafo (War music). Bonwere Kentenwene (Bonwere weave) Mawue Naa Me, Mawue Tea Me (God gives, God withholds) Akyede Pa Mafo (Giver of good things) Yen Ara Asase Ni (This is our land) Enne Ye Anigye Da (Its a joyful day) Ennye Yen Nyame (Not to us O LORD) Sam Befa (Collect what you left behind) Asem Yi Di Ka (Prime talk).wp-1577717410363.jpgUnited Nations must set 13th September Dr Amu International Pan African Day to be observed by the United Nations. It is important to designate specific day as occasion to mark events, topics in order to promote awareness and action of his objectives of the Organization. Member States propose observance and General Assembly to establish by resolution his contribution to music. Celebrations by specialized agencies of United Nations UNESCO, UNICEF, FAO this issues within their scope by the General Assembly.

Works by Ephraim Amu:

  • Amu, Ephraim. Twenty-five African Songs in the Twi Language. Music and words by E. Amu. Sheldon Press, 1932.
  • Amu, Ephraim. Amu choral works. Waterville Publishing House, 1993.
  • Amu, Ephraim. How to Study African Rhythm. The Teachers’ Journal (Accra) 6.2 (1933): 1933-34.

Works on Ephraim Amu 

  • Agawu, V. Kofi. The impact of language on musical composition in Ghana: An introduction to the music style of Ephraim Amu. Ethnomusicology (1984): 37-73.
  • Agawu, V. Kofi, and Ephraim Amu. “The making of a composer.” Black Perspective in Music (1987): 51-63.
  • Agyemang, Fred M. Amu the African: a study in vision and courage. Asempa Publishers, Christian Council of Ghana, 1988.
  • Amu, Misonu. Stylistic and Textual Sources of contemporary Ghanaian Art Music composer. A case study: Dr. Ephraim Amu.Unpublished M. Phil, thesis presented to the Institute of African Studies, Univ. of Ghana, Legon (1988).
  • Professor Kwesi Ampene, on Dr Amu, CU West African Music High Life International Studies Centre

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  • Atiemo, Abamfo Ofori Singing with understanding’: the story of gospel music in Ghana.” Studies in world Christianity 12.2 (2006): 142-163.
  • Beeko, Anthony Antwi. The Trail Blazers: Fruits of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana, 1828-2003. Afram Publications Ghana Limited, 2004.
  • Dor, George. Uses of indigenous music genres in Ghanaian choral art music: Perspectives from the works of Amu, Blege and Dor. Ethnomusicology (2005): 441-475.
  • Flolu, James. “Music teacher education in Ghana: Training for the churches or schools?.” Sounds of Change–Social and Political Features of Music in Africa. Stockholm: SIDA (2004): 164-179.
  • Nketia, JH Kwabena. The Historical and Stylistic Background of the Music of Ephraim Amu. Ephraim Amu, Amu Choral Works 1 (1963).
  • Nketia, J. H. Modern trends, Ghana music. African Music (1957): 13-17.
  • Oehrle, Elizabeth. Emerging music education trends in Africa. The Int.  journal of music educ.1(1991)23-29
  • Turkson, A. R. “The Bi-musical approach of Ephraim Amu to music education in Ghana.” Eleventh International Research Seminar in Ghana. 1986.
  • promoted choral music in Ghana
  • Laryea, Philip T. Ephraim Amu: Nationalist, Poet and Theologian (1899-1995) (Foreword by Emeritus Professor J. H. K. Nketia), Akropong-Akuapem, Regnum  Africa, 2012
  • Professor Flolu, Emmanuel James (1994) Re-tuning music education in Ghana: a study of cultural influences and musical development, dilemma confronting Ghanaian school music teachers. PhD thesis, University of York.

Amu composed several musical pieces, briefly summed up among the others:

  1. “Fare thee well”
  2. “Mawɔ dɔ na Yesu”
  3. “Nkwagye Dwom”
  4. “Dwonto”
  5. “Yetu Osa”
  6. “Israel Hene”
  7. “Onipa da wo ho so”
  8. “Yaanom Abibirimma”
  9. “Yen Ara Asase Ni”
  10. “Adawura abo me”
  11. “Samansuo”
  12. “Ale-gbegbe”
  13. “Mia denyigba lɔ̃lɔ̃ la”

Dr Amu composed the next song below based on the traditional craft of Kente weaving of Ghanaian national costume. Vibrant colours of fabrics of the textiles is so bright and techniques of weaving sounds so rhythmic he composed next song. Kente is impressive but expensive was originally worn only by kings and queens for centuries. Made popular by leaders now available to all to wear on special occasions. In memory of Dr Amu Ghanaians wear cultural costumes on Fridays to work to celebrate their independence from colonialism. Still under economic yoke Dr Amu will not be amused would compose a new song.

Bonwire Kente Song:
Akyinkyinakyinkyin ama mahu nneɛma

Akyinkyinakyinkyin ama mahu nneɛma,
Akyinkyinakyinkyin ama mate nsɛmma,
Asante Bonwire Kente nwene deɛ,
Manhu bi da o,
Asante Bonwire Kente nwene deɛ,
Manhu bi da o,
Kwame nim adeɛ yɔ
Ne kente nwono na abɔ me gye
Ne nsa; ne nan, n’asadua saa nie:
Kro, kro, krohikro,
Hi, hi, hi, hi,
Krohikro hi krokrokro,
Hi, hi, hi, hi,
Krohikro,
Na ɛyɛ me dɛ o,
Na ɛyɛ me dɛ o,
Na abɔ me gye koraa,
Na ɛyɛ me dɛ o,
Na abɔ me gye koraa.
Roaming about has made me observe things,
Roaming about has made me hear of stories,
As for Asante Bonwire Kente weaving,
I’ve never seen some before
As for Asante Bonwire Kente weaving,
I’ve never seen some before
Kwame knows his craft His expert Kente weaving, amazes me.
His hands; his feet, the loom sound thus:
Kro, kro, krohikro,
Hi, hi, hi, hi,
Krohikro hi

DR JAMES KWEGYIR AGGREY

images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910Dr James Emman Kwegir Aggrey is one of the leading figures in the history of education in Africa. And undoubtedly Dr. James Emmanuel Kwegyir Aggrey, is more popularly known as “Aggrey of Africa.” He is noted as great sociologist, orator, preacher, far-sighted politician, equally famous for witty epigramatic sayings. Aggrey is apostle of inter-racial co-operation, advocated and helped to cut the path of progress for the African race in many fields, in the direction of Religion, Education and Agriculture. Is known as “Father of African Education,” a “First African Gender Activist,” “Pan-Africanist,” “African Theologian,” “Civil Right Activist,” and “Father of Achimota College.”  On Google gets 11,000+ results in 0.30 seconds. Born on Monday, 18th October, 1875, at Anomabo in Central Region, Gold Coast by a Princess Abena Anowa of Ajumako and Okyeame Prince Kodwo Kwegyir the Chief Linguist in the court of King Amonoo V of Anomabu, Aggrey was seventeenth child of father and fourth of his mother Abena Anowa, third, last wife of Okyeame Kwegyir. ( Okyeame Kwegyir had 21 children in total; 9 by his first wife, 4 by his second and 8 a third wife Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey’s mother. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey was born amidst rumours of an Ashanti invasion of Anomabo in wartime-preparation to name him on eighth day after birth as tradition demands ceremony. Baptism on June 24th, 1883, Aggrey with brother Kodwo Awir. His Christian names James William Emman and brother. His Fanti names are: Kodwo Mensa Otsiwadu Humamfunsam Kwegyir Aggrey.Dr James Kwegyir Aggrey’s family. And Emman, ‘ Great city’ is “Oman” in Fantse language of Cape Coast pronounciation affected it so Aggrey accepted it. Kodwo, ‘male child born on Monday is Kwegyir. or Kwedjo Mensa, is a ‘third male child’ Otsiwadu, tenth. Otsiwa Humamfunsam ‘wide-ruling Agyeman’ Kwegyir, father’s name Aggrey, family name. Kwegyir is a contraction of Kwedjo and Egyir. Egyir  anglicised Aggrey. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey’s father, respected linguist spokesman of a chief or king, a warrior. His mother, a daughter of a medicine man so he was born in traditional family who became Christians and Dr. Aggrey baptised, as James, Kojo, Kodwo, Mensa. James said: “My father, mother, brothers, sisters became Christians through me. I got a taste for this 8 years old.” Dr Aggrey’s Bust at Achimota School, Accra, Ghana. Before eighteenth birthday he entered Wesleyan School in Cape Coast as father left with mother to seek employment as “goldtaker’ with Mr. John Sarbah of Anomabu and father of late lawyer John Mensah Sarbah, CMG, a merchant and member of Legislative Council. But after bankruptcy of the Hon. George Kuntu-Blankson, whose firm Kodwo Kwegyir held position years at Anomabu, fifteen miles east of Cape Coast. Dr. Aggrey’s younger sister his favourite admired him for prowess of learning to recite what he was taught at school like Lord’s Prayer, Apostle’s Creed, ‘Thirty days has September, multiplication table and so on. A lot is said about how thin he grew but strong and healthy. His mother said he detests ‘fufu’ from boyhood. And Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey pursued knowledge. He rose early did water-carrying, sweeps,  puts a boiled maize under his cloth with books, goes to Amanfu seashore to read till school time. He daily walks across a Chapel Square centre of town “oblivious of things but books, his eyes glued to” is said to be among top four (4th) in class.In Achimota School in 1888, Dr. James Kwegyir Aggrey’s life changed with the arrival of Rev. Dennis Kemp, Wesleyan missionary, who arrived in Cape Coast from Barbados, West Indies. As part of his efforts to curb illiteracy at the time, proposed to take 20 people (all boys) to mission house for training so favoured among them was Dr. James Kwegyir Aggrey. Young Emmanuel distinguished himself in all branches of knowledge, so easily won admiration of Rev. Dennis Kemp. In a spacious mission home, “the most palatial residence in Cape Coast,” Aggrey and twenty three lads received instruction in joinery, blacksmithery, home decoration, painting, in addition to formal literary education, science, logic, etc.  As expected, Aggrey became more engrossed in his books. He was quoted to declare many times, “I want to know everything.”Aggrey had no time for ‘games.’ He lived for books. He would stay up reading long after others were asleep, when weary, tie a soaked towel around his head and sit with his feet in basin of cold water. He loved God as a boy so history books refer to him as ‘a natural Christian.’ Two years later he at 14 years, completed his course at this college, and accepted post of temporary pupil teacher, Abura-Dunkwa, 20 miles east of Cape Coast on monthly salary of 35 shillings. Aggrey was responsible for a class of about 30 boys. Rev. Dennis Kemp appointed to spiritual oversight of the Coast to the Prahso district. And Aggrey and Rev. Dennis Kemp made a two-day journey to this large circuit. At Ekroful, they were handicapped for lack of accommodation, no hotels or lodging houses, slept in the chapel; Rev. Kemp in the pulpit, and Aggrey in a pew. By age 15, was in sole control of the school and compelled shows a leadership prowess. He raised the standard of pupils’ work under his guidance. The day school and Sunday school became the largest in the circuit. In a letter to the school 37 years later, Aggrey recounted, “In 1889 I was in Abura Dunkwa to teach in a village school. I was kindergarten teacher, primary teacher, headmaster and all. He lamented about the poor conditions of teachers but stated, “and yet looking back on my life, if I had chance to live again,  I will gladly do teaching again.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910A year after, Aggrey transferred to Cape Coast with Christian missionaries had fraternal, literary and social clubs, the Singing Band, Band of Hope, and Christ Little Band and Y.M.C.A. Trade prospers, speculation in gold mines, machinery increasing; railways in nearby district. Banks established, newspapers springs up, study of English became popular. So Aggrey joins staff in Wesleyan Memorial School, built in 1881, taught many years. Studying for Aggrey was a lifestyle and not a task took lessons to prepare for a Cambridge Local Examination. Studied Magnetism, Electricity, traded with the missionaries giving lessons in the Fanti language. In return he learnt lessons in French, Latin, Psychology, always ready shares knowledge with pupils. Aggrey is known for delight in use of long English words. Quoted in a youthful essay, “ In the tropics, nature excels herself in superabundant productiveness.” If he didn’t find word to suit him creates one quoted says, “ the tropician is satisfied on land, frigidian on icy waters.”  He coined title ‘tantabulator’ name of the music instrument, tanta-ba in fanti it was the only instrument he played well. Dr. Aggrey excels in all he ‘touched’ and he was proud of himself. He is quoted to say, “ when I was trained for ministry, I ranked first in Greek, Latin, in Bible History, Logic, Exegesis, yes, first in everything.” He was so good Wesleyan authorities permitted him to preach at age 16. As Dr. Aggrey turned 20, he was Assistant Headmaster at the Wesleyan Centenary Memorial School. Anomabo Etsiwa Posuban Asafo group or military Dr Aggrey belongs. In 1889, the Rev. J.B. Graham entered ministry and Aggrey a Headmaster of the school aged 23. He took Teachers’ Certificate examinations of Department of Education in 1895 was first among 119 candidates all over the country. Only one gained a second class certificate of distinction qualified him without further examination, “to teach in similar school in any British Colony, the world over.” The Legislative Council voted (NC30.00) 15 pounds in his favour for purchase of books in appreciation. His success made Cape Coast Wesleyan School the best school in the Colony. As stated by Director of Education with 400 enrolled students, Aggrey is a figure of great man in Gold Coast at that time.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910Dr James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey. From 1895 – 1898, Aggrey is educational giant, a politician and soldier. Aggrey became recording Secretary, Aborigines Rights Protection Society and short time acted as Chief Secretary of Society. He carried about a petition for signatures against notorious Public Lands Bill (1897). On one occasion, performed splendid task of walking, in the course of a single day, 36 miles to Manso to send an important cablegram to London on behalf of the Society. Aggrey contributed articles in a Gold Coast Methodist Times, his friend Rev. Jacob Anaman then editor, helped to get the unpopular Bill withdrawn. As a soldier in Fanti-Ashanti war, Aggrey served his expedition under Colonel Sir Francis Cunningham Scott, a veteran of Gold Coast Constabulary who had on his staff two British princes. Prince Henry of Battenberg and the Prince Christian Victor. Aggrey an interpreter was paid 7/6d. per day attached to Telegraph Unit with Captain R. S. Curtis and Lieutenant McInnes marched from Cape Coast to Kumasi in December, 1896. Saw fighting in Kumasi, the following year returned to Cape Coast unhurt. Afterwards, his father’s people made him the Tufuhene a Field Marshall according to the native custom. Although accepted the honour politely sought to be relieved of office, as it would have stood in the way of his education and other civic programmes. This refusal, was not for lack of interest in African customs, but because he felt he could not fulfil all functions at same time. Dr Aggrey was popular amongst the Gold Coast educated elites whatever he wear they mimic his style. In his own words: “In Gold Coast I was popular if I wore my hat over my right brow all young men wore theirs in the same way. I did not know I knew nothing. From Gold Coast I went to America, to obtain two doctorates. Perceived knew nothing.” For the next twenty-six years, from 10th July, 1898 to October 15th 1924, Aggrey pursued knowledge and education in America. Through the generous offer of Rev. John Bryan Small a native of Barbados, Aggrey proceeded to America to train to join the Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. Aggrey left for United States, 10th July, 1898, SS “Accra” reaching America a month later. Aggrey describes life-time student, successfully took examinations every year. Aggrey combined good academic attitude with his diligence and hard work raise funds during long vacation to pay his fees.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910Dr James Emman recounted experience seeking job at publishing firm, “ When I asked for work, they told me they had no work except for a devil. So I begun to black my face more black, easy to do using hand machines. After three weeks, moved to journeyman another threebweeks is made a proof reader.” For his hard work was asked by editors of Charlotte Daily Observer publishing firm to contribute articles to the papers. Mr. H.E.C Bryant, through whose hands his contributions passed noted:“ He’s dark as dark, but very few in America can use English as he can. His articles go in without blue-penciling.” In 1902 Kwegyir Aggrey graduated with B.A honours. He won gold medal for English composition and a second gold medal for general scholarly deportment. In the same year, delivered a Latin salutatory at Commencement in American colleges at close of the term. He earlier delivered first Greek oration heard in the college.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910In 1912 M.A degree conferred on him by Livingstone College as Hood Theological Seminary Doctorate Degree. Prior to his graduating assisted staff of the College. And when professor, A.B Johnson fell ill, Aggrey worked for him so death of A.B Johnson appointed him after Registrar, Financial Secretary, he taught English Language, Literature, Sociology and Economics. He acted as Treasurer of the college athletic association, was superintended of College Sunday School ordained an Elder of the Zion Methodist Church in 1903. Made Pastor at Miller’s Chapel and Sandy Ridge in 1914. After completing course, College authorities pressed him to stay. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey always conscious of time, was known by students as a ‘stickler for punctuality.’ Students accused him of ‘putting on the clock.’ They tried to catch him late, but never succeeded. A fellow student and one-time principal, Dr. W.J. Trent wrote:

“His influence at Livingstone, where he taught for more than 20 years was very precious and had a great deal to do with improvement of moral and spiritual conditions of whole college life” In 1917, position of the President of Livingstone College became vacant passed over, many expected, supported him for the post, Dr. Aggrey remained strong. He stated in a letter: “ I believe the Lord has something else in store for me. I am doing my best, patiently waiting until He gets ready for me to go where He leads I follow. Dr Aggrey obtained Philosophy Degree, Divinities in 1923. He returned home to Achimota College as foundation member of staff in 1924, Assistant Vice-Principal, thanks to Governor Guggisbery, who made the foundation of College possible. In 1924, position of President of Livingstone College vacant again and Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey in Gold Coast was invited to take over as President but declined the offer. Committing himself to work as a staff member of Achimota School in Accra. Despite the big disparity between the income offered or one taken at time.XGltYWdlc1xjb250ZW50XGltMXBndHNmZmFfcGhvdG9fMy5qcGd8NDUwfDEwLzI0LzIwMTg= In a letter to a friend, Dr. Aggrey explained his position: “ In the United States, the Livingstone College stands first in my heart. I love her. And God’s choicest blessing attend her. But in the whole wide world my Africa comes first.” It is Aggrey’s contribution to welfare of the Gold Coast in particular and Africa in general helped in three major fields. He served as only African member on two internationally reputed education commissions for Africa. Phelps-Stokes fund Commission, regarded a key-stone to raising the standard of education in Africa. In will dated 1909, Miss Caroline Phelps-Stokes bequeathed her fortune, amounting to almost a million dollars, to trustees with instruction the income be used, inter alias, “for education of Negroes, in Africa and the United States, North American Indian and needy and deserving white students.” Out of this came two Commissions, which toured countries in Africa for fact-finding, on which Aggrey features prominently. It is during this journey Aggrey made a significant impression and underscored importance of education among people who became important figures in Africa including Hastings Kamuzu Banda, later president of MalawiNnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria, and Kwame Nkrumah, first president of Ghana. We hear of Aggrey in Sierra Leone, Liberia, September, 1920. Gold Coast, October to November, 1920. Nigeria, Fernando Po November, December 1920. Cameroon, December 1920, Belgian Congo January 1921, Angola January to February 1924, Kenya, February to March 1924, Uganda March 1924, Tanganyika and Zanzibar March, April 1924, Nyasaland Rhodesia in April to June 1924, South Africa again in June 1924, Again Gold Coast October, 1924. In a letter to his wife, wrote about his work on the commission. He said the characteristic of Christian is to do more than he is commanded to do. He added:
“I can bear witness turning the right check wins ultimately. Rightly does
Shakespeare make the critical Iago, Shakespeare’s consummate satan critic of critics, pay sweet-souled Desdemona most excellent tribute: ‘She holds it a vice in her goodness not to do more than is requested.’ … I go forth, Rose, first to serve my God, our God Who has appeared to me by
the side of the mountain and asked me to go lead my people away from Egypt, ignorance and maltreatmet, I go to serve my people.” While visiting Kenya, Commission recommended four separate Education Advisory Committee for racial groups in Kenya: Europeans, Arabs, Indians and Africans. They steer educational development for each race until independence. So recommended rural education and industrial training. The recommendations were adopted in 1925, Jeans School, Kabete opened to train artisans. In South Africa delivered a lecture used, keys of piano as image of racial harmony: “I don’t care what you know; show me what you can do. Many of my people who get educated don’t work, but take to drink. They see white people drink, so they drink too, imitate weakness of white people, but not their greatness. They won’t imitate a white man working hard. If you played only the white notes on a piano you get only sharps; if play only the black keys you get flats; but if you play two together you get harmony and beautiful music”
Dr Aggrey so much impressed the white settlers at public lectures his audience wildly admiringly exclaimed that:images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910“Damn his colour, he’s a saint.” His idea of education was “All inclusive” type, “Secular education” abhorrent to him; education is full development of human personality. “Education” he said, “Does not mean simply learning. it means training the mind, in morals hand helps to make socially efficient. Not simply three R’s but the three H’s the head, the hand and the heart.” He wanted all-round training for girls and boys “No race or people can rise half slave, half free, surest way to keep a people down is educate men, neglect the  women. If you educate a man you educate an  individual, if you educate a woman you educate family nation.” 
On University education, said it should combine the best of east with best of the west, the best of Africa with the best of Europe, Asia and America. “Encourage original thinking, encourage research, helps add to human knowledge. West Africa proved we get classics, theology, philosophy, masters in jurisprudence and dialectics. The question is, can we turn knowledge more and more into the service of common weal? Can we give back with interest what we received? I believe, we can. University Education is to prove what scientific training can do. University education should aim to give women, training co-education to subdue the earth. Training for character: that is Christian: Christianity not Church going.
In United States, greatly helped needy negroes at the mercy of money lenders by encouraging formation Co-operative Farmers’ Association, Farmers Unions Credit Union Banks, and agricultural enterprises to relieve negro’s financial embarrassment. On return to the Gold Coast, while a staff at Achimota, sought permission of Director of Agriculture and toured length and breadth of Gold Coast, preaching same ideals. The result was output and quality of farmers’ crop in twenties improved radically. As an advocate for inter-racial co-operation, Aggrey contributed to cause of peace. So his ideas based on bi-racial grouping, stood for civic pride, social betterment, taking pride in own race but seeking friendly relationship with all races. This was radical opposite view of ultra-racial group of thinkers of ultra-conservative school of intellectuals of Marcus Garvey described a great champion. Aggrey always urged his people to be proud of their race and colour. He believed they should remain distinct because of their definite particular contribution makes harmony of mankind. Amalgamation of no conflict, but co-operation is Aggrey’s ideal. He expressed example Piano Keys
“You can play a tune of sorts on the black keys, and play a tune of sorts on the white keys, but for harmony you must use both black and the white.”
 “True co-operation “involves certain measure of equality of opportunity, if not actual political status. It means each side has something to contribute more than braun one side, brain on other seek well-being of both.”

Aggrey noted for hundreds conferences attended, acted as president, secretary, leading member, represents university, sometimes church, sometimes Africa in
general. Too numerous to be listed, but a few mentioned: National Conference of Methodist Episcopal Church Foreign Missions Conference of North America, Kennedy School Mission Conference, School of Theology, School of Religious Pedagogy, Congregrational Missionary Society Conference, First Congregation Church of Jersey City Conference, And Eastern Union of Students Volunteers Conference, National Conference of Canadian students and International Convention of the Students Volunteer Movement Conference, and British West Africa Congress. Aggrey did not have everything smooth. He suffered many perils, but did his best to overcome them all. He escaped shipwreck October 17th, 1925, as he and Mrs. Aggrey sailed in SS “Cedric” for America. Earlier, July 1925, he experienced his real baptism of fire while away in Koforidua in Eastern part of Gold Coast during long vacation. “All things stolen including 9 suits, 25 shirts, trunks, brandnew suitcase and 6 pounds 11 shillings in cash. Left one old trunk and visiting cards, lost very heavily and never restored valuables stolen, much less those above value. I determined not to give up but moved on to success.”Big blow to him and his family, Aggrey, recorded the financial troubles, mortgaged house in America and furniture for 500 pounds mortgagor wished it redeemed; further related that to raise funds to redeem it, Aggrey sold his farm together with other property at a considerable loss lost over NC 3,400.00 on the transaction. But a man always in good spirits nothing depressed him and
had unexhaustible fund of wise saying, a few recorded as a matter of interest:
“I am proud of my colour; whoever is not proud of his colour is not fit to live.“Keep your temper and smile,” “that’s what Jesus meant when he told men to turn other cheek. “I have no time for revenge that’s not African “Some white people be transformed to negroes for a few days to feel what we feel and suffer what we suffer.” If I find a man scowling at me, I smile back. He scowls again I smile. I don’t find anyone scowl third time.” Some people go to war; we choose to love; some people hate we sing; some angry we take to laughter; some despair; we hope. Patrol bloodhound wants to get you, can’t run as fast as bloodhounds; what can you do, blacks? In darkest night when everybody despaired, we look and sang, long before our white brothers thought of airplane, ‘Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, coming for to carry me Home. I tell southern people of America, with whom I lived over twenty years of contribution towards solving race problem and civilization of Africa. They live side by side with us, know our faith, our loyalty, our honesty, sensitiveness; know things we prize most is knowledge used for extension of God’s Kingdom.”images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910“No first class educated African turns into a White man. An Educated black wants to be first class black not third class European. Superiority complex is a tremendous mischief of whites in Africa. If worried I go on my knees to talk to God in my own language. And laughing is the way throughout life. It is the positive side of Christ’s law of peaceful resistance.” I prefer to be a Spokesman for my entire country: Africa, my Africa.” “You never beat prejudice by frontal attack because mere emotion is the root of it. Always catch more flies with molasses than with the vinegar. I receive kicks from both sides white and black. But all is in a day’s work. Don’t be surprised.” For Only the best is good for Africa.”  Aggrey was a far-sighted man. Those who doubted his words lived to see the truth in the end. He compared Africa to Sleeping Beauty, asserted his confidence in her future she would one day wake up to find herself very important in the comity of nations. This in a letter to Dr. Jesse Jones, a highly reputed American minister of religion a great intellectual, Aggrey’s great friend. “It seems to me,” to Dr. Jones in September, 1919, “this is psychological moment for Africa. and I believe you are destined metaphorically to stoop down and kiss Sleeping Beauty Africa back to life from her centuries of sleep.” Dr. Jones confessed what Aggrey said seemed gross exaggeration to him; “they were fantastic imaginations of an emotional African. I believe in Aggrey, I could not share his forecasts.” But came to see Aggrey was right looking back on the gratifying results that followed the Commission, wrote; “In answer to my own doubts and in acknowledgement of my error, I here record that Aggrey’s dreams have come true with almost miraculous accuracy. Signs of the future indicate that they will continue in their realization until Aggrey’s Africa will take its place amongst the continents of the world.”Aggrey, for all his greatness, was a man of simple life even when the Headmaster of the most outstanding school in his time in 1895. He always washed his own clothes although his younger brother, Awir, “as soon as he began clerkship, employed a laundress.”
While in America as a professor, in spite of illness he preached four times every Sunday.“I did not want to disappoint the public, so I told sickness to hold off for a day, and Monday it returned with a vengeance.” He was a man full of humour, one whose sense of humour captivated and subdued the intentions of his enemies. Once, as Assistant Vice-Principal, at Achimota, he proceeded to Sierra Leone to represent the College at the Centenary Celebrations of Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone. The situation was delicate, but occasion important. Aggrey had friends in Freetown, some of his friends, others looked askance at Achimota. Fourah Bay College occupied the pre-eminent position in West Coast. Graduates everywhere in West Africa in academic high education in West Africa.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910Dr James Emman affiliated to Durham University in Great Britain. Achimota was not first nor second college in Gold Coast looked on as upstart; ideals unlike Fourah Bay ideals. Aggrey expected to attend conference at Fourah Bay College as a spokesman of a serious competitor Achimota. Its feared would be mobbed and killed. It required tact, shrewdness, and intelligence, Aggrey’s alone. He got up and started, “My case reminds me of young girl who returns home from a party and told her father a young man kissed her. Her father said, “how many times did he kiss you? She looks in his face replies: “Father, I came to confess not to boast.” He came “not to boast of Achimota, but confess a debt Achimota, Gold Coast owed to Fourah Bay College. Fourah Bay College stand in Gold Coast is a symbol of African’s educational capacity.” It records “after the speech every door and every heart was open to him”. Between November 19th to December 4th, delivered twenty-four speeches. “Aggrey the Great” is said about his family or private life married to a young pretty and learned American a Miss Rosebud Douglas of Portsmouth, USA. Wedding took place on November 8th, 1905, at Portsmouth. In five years of marriage, three children born to them, namely, Abena Azalea (1907), Kwegyir (1908), and Rosebud (1910). On 24th July, 1926 a fourth child born as Orson Rudolf Guggisberg. Aggrey was a great lover of children, and took great pains to train his children, advising them on how to be careful in life as his end was drawing near. Aggrey, a co-founder of Achimota College, first in examinations he took; holder of  degrees of Master of Arts (Livingstone College), Doctor of Divinity (Hood Theological Seminary), Master of Arts (Columbia), Doctor of Philosophy (Columbia holder of many diplomas, joined staff of Achimota in July, 1924. He left for America in July, 1926, returned in November that year. Achimota (Gold Coast) his dream, was formally opened on 28th January, 1927, in May that year he left for England and America died 30th July of pneumococcal meningitis. His death was sad but great affair; was mourned in all continents. Two thousand mourners, white, black, attended the service in auditorium of Livingstone College. Bishop W. J. Walls conducted the service, tributes paid by many dignatories, including Dr. W.H. Goler, ex-President of  College, Professor Branley of Shaw University, Dr. Jesse Jones, Bishop W.W. Jones, Dr. George E. Davis of the State Department of Public Instruction, Dr. S. G. Aikins, President of the Teachers’ College at Winston-Salem.

Birth: 1875, Ghana
Death: Jul. 30, 1927
New York, USA

Son of Kodwo Kwegyir Aggrey & Abna Andua, he was born in Anamabu, Ghana, West Africa.Married Rosebud “Rose” Douglass on November 8, 1905Father of: Abna Azalea (Aggrey) Lancaster(1907-1997)
Kwegyir Aggrey (1908-1986)
Rosebud Douglass Aggrey (1910-1990)
Orison Rudolph Aggrey (1926- )

The honorary pall-bearers were all white citizens of Salisbury: Mr. E.C. Gregory the exMayor, A.L. Smoot, Mr. J.M. McCorkle, Mr. A Buerbaum, Mr. W.H. Leonard and Mr. J.C. Kasler. In Europe, Africa, Asia, America and Australia similar ovations and last respects were offered in his honour: and in the Gold Coast (the land of his birth), every town and village observed his death by weeping and mourning.
For that was the physical end of the man everybody loved, the man who apparently never had an enemy, and the man whose talent and virtues were admired by all classes of the society.
The Aggrey Students’ Society, formed in April, 1928, in America and the Gold Coast, and the Aggrey House, Achimota (Ghana), together with millions of Africans and Europeans who admire his noble achievements will always make Aggrey immortal, and inspire those of later generations to further greatness.

Anomabo beach source:

Dr J E Kwegyir Aggrey is Special

By Professor Felix I D Konotey-Ahulu

‘Only the best is good enough for Africa. My people of Africa, we were created in the image of God, but men have made us think we are chickens, and we still think we are, but we are eagles. Stretch forth your wings and fly! Don’t be content with food of chickens’.  Dr J E Kwegyir Aggrey.
When, at dawn, 50 years ago on Independence Day, Kwame Nkrumah uttered the following memorable words, ‘A greater than Aggrey is here!’ few considered that statement a hyperbole. Admittedly, Nkrumah had had some ground prepared for him by yesteryears’ freedom fighters, and by the Big Five who invited him become the Big Sixth, to lead the struggle for Independence, but the way he rallied the population to achieve the seemingly impossible, namely the translation of Colonial Gold Coast into Self Governing Ghana, placed him in the history books. No mean Feat! However, the mere fact that Nkrumah found it necessary to link his achievement to the name of Kwegyir Aggrey, proved Kwame Nkrumah, held Dr Kwegyir Aggrey in greatest esteem.
Mount Everest. Ghanaian see, Kwame Nkrumah considered justifiably Mount Everest, Kwegyir Aggrey is delegated to Second Highest Peak in the Himalayas of national and international esteem. Inspiration-wise, Kwegyir Aggrey has no rivals, for Kwame Nkrumah inspired nations, Aggrey inspired internationals, including Kwame Nkrumah when he was a student at Achimota College. Read and see, New African Survey highly respected London-based international journal, New African, with a worldwide readership of more than 200,000 results of a 12-month long survey regarding who the readers thought were ‘THE 100 GREATEST AFRICANS OF ALL TIME’. The Editor asked readers to state why they voted as they did. Commenting on votes, and attached reasons show why they voted as they did, New African’s brilliant Editor Mr Baffour Ankomah, said ‘The total shows Nelson Mandela is No. 1 Greatest African of all time closely followed by Nkrumah ‘Ankomah says in some respect ‘results disappoint’ (New African August/September 2004, page 14). Readers voted 5 Ghanaians, 2 (Yaa Asantewa & Kwame Nkrumah) late Kofi Annan, Abedi Pele, in their list, giving their reasons for their choice -reasons published order of merit.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910I read list I shared Baffour Ankomah’s disappointment wrote letter to Editor, published in very next issue, October 2004, page 4. Aggrey Of Africa surprised to find my name among “100 Greatest Africans of all time” more surprised Aggrey of Africa not mentioned at all, made me agree with comment (New African August/September 2004) ‘in certain respects results disappointing.’ I make two pleas: First, replace it by Dr James E K Aggrey to write article issue of New African to help readers world-wide to realise why a great man called ‘Aggrey of Africa’, unknown by many today.  Felix I D Konotey-Ahulu, London, UK page 50 of same October 2004 issue of the magazine, the Editor published article reproduced around date plaque was unveiled at Anomabo in honour of Dr Kwegyir Aggrey and others who made Ghana proud. The man Dr James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey the title ‘Aggrey of Africa’ but he was early 20th Century phenomenon. I first heard of his name from my father decades ago. Aggrey was born 15 miles from Cape Coast, at Anomabo, in Ghana on 18th October 1875. His father Prince Kodwo Kwegyir, chief linguist in court of King Amonu V of Anomabo, and mother Abena Andua, was a princess of Ajumako. Aggrey’s father was also an expert goldsmith.
At 22, Aggrey left for the USA to pursue further studies. Racial prejudice, known then as ‘Colour Bar’ at its worst, went to ‘Negro’ Colleges. The Americans were surprised at his knowledge of English. A Mr H E C Bryant was to remark: ‘He is dark as dark, but very few in America can use English as he can.’ Aggrey took Masters in 1912, awarded a Doctorate of Divinity by Hood Theological Seminary. His sermons amazed white and black Americans alike. Married Rose Douglass African American Portsmouth, Virginia, on November 8 1905, and they had two girls and two boys [Abena, Kwegyir, Rosebud, Rudolph]. Orison Rudolph Guggisberg Aggrey, last born became a diplomat in the U S Foreign Service and worked in Senegal, Romania. Phelps-Stokes an American lady, Miss Caroline Phelps-Stokes, in her Will dated 1909, bequeathed $1 m (a huge sum in those days) to Trustees to be used mainly ‘on the education of Negroes, in Africa and United States, North American Indians, needy deserving white students. And so Commissioners appointed to do the groundwork, and Aggrey was included among all-white members. This enabled him to return to tour Africa twice in four years. Wherever he went, Aggrey was in demand to speak, advise, and preach. He found the ‘Colour Bar’ as vicious on his continent as in USA, was remarkably equipped to deal with it.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910In the Belgian Congo, the governor left him out when he invited Commission to dinner! In Angola, when Aggrey saw the treatment of the Portuguese masters to labourers in the forced labour gangs, he wept. In South Africa In South Africa alone, Aggrey addressed audiences 120 times. On one occasion when the hall was packed in Cape Town and Aggrey arrived, the white gate keeper refused to let him in. Calmly, and in a dignified voice, Aggrey said: ‘It is me they are all gathered to hear’. Still gate keeper was recalcitrant, while others filed past him into the hall, until the white chairman of meeting, becoming anxious, rushed out to look for Aggrey. He discovered he was being obstructed. Aggrey was given a standing ovation. In Pretoria, trying to board train to lecture, was pushed out, offered two professorships on the spot; one at Fort Hare, and the other at South Africa College. People listened to him with amazement. USA and Canada
before Phelps-Stokes Commission tour again of Africa, Aggrey lectured in USA and Canada. His ex tempore lectures followed by a series of questions, once Dutch South African minister shed tears at shame of horrors of race problems. It was during a lecture in Canada Aggrey made one of his great statements: ‘Only the best is good enough for Africa.’ And for second Phelps-Stokes Commission In January 1924, Aggrey sailed from New York for England to join Phelps-Stokes Commission to go to the places in Africa they had not visited before – Abyssinia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika,  Zanzibar, Nyasaland, Rhodesia, South Africa and Gold Coast. After hearing him lecture on second visit to South Africa, white man exclaimed; ‘Damn his colour, the man is a saint!’ Fraser, Guggisberg said, Aggrey is a great educationist, as he wished to be when young. By an amazing stroke of fortune, met two great white men with whom he co-founded Achimota College in Accra, Rev A G Fraser and Sir Gordon Guggisberg and colonial governor. Rev Fraser want best for Africa, Guggisberg, so rare colonial governors, recognised potential of black man started building Takoradi Harbour, Korle Bu Hospital, Achimota College School. Rev Fraser the Principal and Aggrey Assistant vice-Principal. Colonial Office London object to making a black man vice-Principal in a college called Prince of Wales College.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910Aggrey’s Vision Co-education persuaded Governor Guggisberg college to be co-educational. Aggrey said: ‘The surest way to keep people down is educate men to neglect women. If you educate a man you educate an individual but if educate a woman you educate family.’ He stressed education encourage ‘original thinking, research adds to human knowledge. We in West Africa prove we can get classics, theology, and philosophy. We are great masters in jurisprudence and dialectics. The question is to turn knowledge into a service of common wealth. His original thinking and character Training shows
Aggrey held essential part of education, training mind encourage good character and be original. Aggrey thinks on his feet. He was not a robot ‘by heart’ man amazed his audience white and black. Lectures brilliantly gives a deep thought to topic carefully prepared for sole aim of making impression at question time after lecture knew he would be quizzed. Aggrey is even more brilliant after the lecture. His knowledge is encyclopaedic. Co-operation in right measure Aggrey believed in co-operation which involved equality of opportunity. ‘It means each side has something to contribute more than brawn on oneside, brain on other  to well being of both’. [Please read that again; I love it!] Hence his famous piano keys illustration on badge of Achimota School. ‘You can play a tune of sorts on black keys only, and you can play a tune of sorts on white keys, but for perfect harmony, you must use both black and white keys’, Aggrey said. Co-operation is calling for with whites and blacks not that between an ass and rider. Think of his piano keys illustration depicting the black key and Fraser and Guggisberg white keys managed to achieve brought Achimota School. Aggrey’s humility is worth mentioning took his fellow Fante, Rev Anaman, by surprise by polishing Anaman’s shoes as he spent weekend with him. On sea voyage to South Africa ship’s white steward insisted separating Aggrey from the white people by giving him his own table far away from every body to embarrassment of colleagues, Aggrey later remarked: ‘They thought they were punishing me, but who else had a table all by himself?’images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910Dr James Emman Aggrey’s Ambition for Africa Kwegyir Aggrey’s burning for his continent described enigmatic, pointing out its shape on map posing question of ambition is demonstrated in following story he narrated: A certain man went through a forest seeking any bird he might find. He caught a young bird, brought it home, and put it among his fowls and ducks and turkeys, and gave it chicken’s food to eat. Five years later, a naturalist came to visit the man, and noticed the bird. He said to the owner; ‘Look here, is an eagle, not a chicken.’ The man replied ‘Yes, you may well be right, I trained it to be a chicken. It is no longer an eagle; it is a chicken though it is enormous’. Said naturalist: ‘No, it is an eagle, it has the heart of an eagle, and I shall make it soar high to the heavens’. The owner comes back with a retort: ‘No, it is now a chicken, and it will never fly.’ They agreed to test it. The naturalist picked up the bird, held it up, and said loudly: ‘Eagle, you are an eagle; you belong to the sky and not down here. Stretch out your wings and fly’ and he hurled the bird up. The eagle turned this way and that looking down, saw chickens eating, and came to join them. The owner said: ‘I told you it is a chicken.’ ‘No’, said the naturalist, ‘This bird is an eagle. I shall come back and prove this to you’. The exercise was repeated three times, with same result. The bird always came back to feed with chickens. The naturalist yet again on a hill held bird up, pointing it to the rising sun and shouted, ‘Eagle! You are eagle; you do not belong down here. You belong to the sky stretch forth your wings and fly!’ The eagle looked round, as if new life was filling it, and it stretchedits wings, and with the screech of an eagle mounted higher and higher, never returned. It was really an eagle, though kept and tamed as chicken! ‘My people of Africa’ Aggrey ‘are created in image of God, but men make us think we are chickens and think we are, but we are eagles. Stretch out your wings and fly! Don’t be content with food for chickens.’ Opening of Achimota College Final Journey Achimota School in 1927, Aggrey went to USA lectures, preaching complete book in Columbia University. Fell ill 30 July 1927 from meningococcal meningitis in New York, died quickly. Great lamentation was made on both sides of the Atlantic. Tributes included one his best friends, Dr Jesse Jones. The honorary pall bearers carried his coffin were all white citizens of Salisbury, USA a real token of Aggrey’s influence in the community in days of ‘Colour Bar.’ He is source of immense inspiration by ability to inspire African. At the Aggrey House in Achimota, Aggrey Memorial Chapel, and the country has an Aggrey-Fraser-Guggisberg Lecture series. There is an Aggrey Memorial School, a Kwegyyir Aggrey Annual Prize Examination at the University of Cape Coast, linked to the Personal Distinguished Professorship graciously bestowed on me a Professor Samuel K Adjepong, Vice Chancellor. We must not forget Kwegyir Aggrey. Kwame Nkrumah’s states ‘A greater than Aggrey is here’ history established Nkrumah as great judging not only from blow dealt Colonialism but from the way he made Black Diaspora proud. African voters place Kwame Nkrumah second to Nelson Mandela, in their list of ‘ONE HUNDRED GREATEST AFRICANS OF ALL TIME’ indicating he is really great. James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey is rather special, inspiration lengthens with time: Apart from inspiring Nkrumah himself, Kwegyir Aggrey inspired and taught D A Chapman Nyaho, who inspired, taught K B Asante, who inspired and taught me Physics in Achimota School me, who (I’m told) inspired my students, who in turn are inspiring their students.images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910Dr Kwegyir Aggrey’s inspiration chain progresses. His name is yet alive. Search name ‘Kwegyir Aggrey’ on Internet, and you find man marches on. Anomabo. Its most fitting, as reported by Ghana News Agency, Jan. 8 2007 ‘Memorial plaques to honour 3 heroes of Anomabo by great contributions made to the country, be unveiled on February 24, by President John Agyekum Kufuor as part of Golden Jubilee Celebration of nationhood. Dr Kwegyir Aggrey, visionary philosopher educationist, George Ekem-Ferguson, celebrated surveyor credited by survey of area that became the Gold Coast, and Nana Amoonoo V, Anomabo chief, who led traditional rulers in Colony to sign the Bond of 1844’. We say ‘Ayekoo!’ to Anomabo Association and Traditional Area, Paramout Chief and the Chiefs for bringing this to pass. Gratitude: Kwegyir Aggrey’s Relatives in USA: 4 surviving generations of Kwegyir, Rose Aggrey’s relatives living in USA today. Rudolph, last of 4 children is alive, has daughter Roxane Rose Aggrey not married. The middle children Kwegyir and Rosebud Douglass Aggrey had no children. Abna Azalea Aggrey Lancaster the eldest of childen of Kwegyir & Rose Aggrey, had three girls Raemi Rosemarie Lancaster Evans, Carol Aggrey Lancaster Meeks, and Harriet Azalea Lancaster Graves [Generation-3 from Kwegyir Aggrey & Rose as Generation-1]. Raemi, married to Fred M Evans, and have a son Fred and daughter Janine [Generation-4] both with 2 children each [Generation-5] – Janine & Guanah Davis’ are Adria Marie & Lauryn Janine, while Fred & Evette Evans’ are called Kristen Maria and Fred Junior. Abna’s middle girl, Carol has a daughter Abigail who is married to Stewart Mitchell II, and they have just had another Generation-5 offspring, Stewart Mitchell III. Now, Harriet is married to Hubert C Graves, and have a daughter called Meredith Patrice Graves. I took note that Carol’s full name is Carol Aggrey Lancaster Meeks. Speaking to her on the telephone across The Atlantic, it was as if I felt the genetic acoustics of Aggrey of Africa percolating down the generations to me. They are all very, very, grateful that we in Ghana are remembering, in Golden Jubilee Year, Y/our beloved beloved James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey’s dearly beloved Rose. So am I.
BY:Felix I D Konotey-Ahulu, Kwegyir Aggrey Distinguished Professor of Human Genetics, University of Cape Coast, Ghana

 

PREMPEH IN BLACK HISTORY

The American President Donald Trump explains statement against Africans: “If after 50 years of independence you did not build necessary infrastructure for people, are you humans? “If you sit on gold, diamond, oil, manganese, uranium and your people don’t have food are you humans? “If in power, you buy weapons from strangers to kill your citizens, are you humans? “If your social project is to stay in power for life are you human? If you despise and shoot your own citizens like game, who will respect them? If you take all resources for development of your country as your personal property are you humans? If you leave country’s healthcare unattended to treat yourself abroad are you humans? So until your leaders think less of themselves and more about your people. You are not human but animals.” These statements show economic dominance of African nations suffering under cumbersome white exploitations for generations. fca2f7b2b8901951b1b188e988391c7a.jpgPast slavery and colonial domination of many generations of Africa usurped by white rulers is responsible for the evils suffered. African resources exchanged for white man’s guns and products seem superior to locally made goods or foods. Imbalance of trade of Africans not paid enough borrow IMF loans to buy more guns. The whites discover the ancestors enslaved many millions of Africans as pretend to be “merchants” or “scientific explorers. Some shocked and horrified by damage done to Africans in history. One cannot inherit enmity and hatred so forgive all because ALMIGHTY GOD IS THE ULTIMATE OWNER AND JUDGE to deal with injustices done to Africans. Its the reason God sent Jesus who is a non white man to sort out injustice on earth. Christ’s root is from Iraq Babylon so Abraham from UR by Nineveh. Jesus is from the Middle East Jewish man who gave His Life to save all to BELIEVE BY FREEWILL CHOICE to love and accept Jesus Christ as their personal Saviour. 19th-20th-century-pictures-of-kings-in-ghana.jpgCaucasians are not the original SOURCE of Christianity. History of missionaries is different but some slave traders incite them like Belgian king kings and queens who sponsored European merchants. Be wise and careful in the response to evil treatment meted out to Africans by the other countries. Do not base your life or faith on hatred to spread fear, anger or discord. Love God and love people and it is best to agree to disagree. Anger and no amount of hatred stops evil people to change to do good but every knee shall bow and every tongue will confess Jesus is Lord. The evil people will face God in judgement as world events show Jesus is coming soon so be ready for Rapture not arguments. Christianity is based in FAITH IN GOD IN CHRIST not fights or arguments. God does not force people to follow HIS SON JESUS YET ALL RICHES, WEALTH BELONG TO GOD. d-30_18_080_edited_.jpgAngry feelings personally is exclusively response to human treatment but know God is patent owner. Insults of exploiter by of spirit of love unity among Africans causes fights over resources takes over. Whites divide and rule conquers Africa with factions led by the West and China. White never apologise for wrongs for it admits responsibility and compensation for underdevelopment of Africa. If they admit they destroyed Africa is admitting guilt for reconstruction. And so Africans will demand compensation for all years duped to RETURN ALL GOODS to them. This will strip West naked so will never do so because if African nations collect resources, artefacts or receive overdue compensation the West will bankrupt. The West remains leech sucking life out of Africa so will never hand over Africa back to the Africans on a silver platter. IMG-20191128-WA0003.jpgAfricans do not  have the right to insult current white generations in the West, they are not responsible for ancestor’s past actions. Best solution is celebrate your culture, value your life to help and do something good, farm, take care of all old people, cook well and sell natural resources to all Africans fairly to benefit Africa too. The best thing Africans can do is to HELP EACH OTHER. Do not wait for those enjoying your wealth to return it to you, they will never do so. An angry frustrated life will not help you because they will not surrender to you to starve. African leaders tried in the past to unite to defeat them through Organisation Of African Unity (OAU) in vain. Nkrumah, Nelson Mandela, Patrick Lumumba and others were killed or jailed to suppress them. Based on Word of God in Bible all Africans must humble themselves and seek God’s Face repent GOD WILL HEAL THEIR LAND, FORGIVE Africans, return wealth exploited to them. wp-1576842575635.jpgExploiters do not care about well-being of Africans so don’t try to fight spiritual wickedness in the high places with gun. The African’s battle is the LORD’S so its not a human problem, it is satan’s root of LOVE OF MONEY WHICH IS ROOT OF ALL EVIL. WHAT IS THE WORLD WARS ABOUT? WAS IT NOT OVER DISPUTED TERRITORIES, OTHER PEOPLE’S LANDS AND THEIR RESOURCES? Love pleasure more than LOVE God do not love fellow human beings. Travel the whole world to collect things, resources of everyone, waste it or bury perfectly good foods to deprive and starve other people using food as weapons of population controls. This is witchcraft, no guns or weapons can defeat such history. Anger, hatred, spewed vitriol destroys people, drains, emotionally, wastes time and energy. So do you really think usurpers will return goods when Jesus said the rich exploit others to be richer. Bible in Revelations 19:15-19 says GOD AND JESUS, OWNER OF ALL WEALTH will punish them. Stop anger hatred and do LOVE YOURSELVES even if others hate you. Their insult will not change their mind to love you. And two wrongs does not make things right so call on God to save you from all evil.

👍🏿Think about this and share God loves you.

MONEY CHARMS TO BE RICH

 

Money charms to become rich is the trend some people use to get quick gratification in life. Love of money for vanity to buy material things is concept sold by capitalist as source of happiness and status. This idea affects people’s ego to compete so seen with latest gadgets, latest fashion, latest clothes, cars even if unemployed. Bondage yoke materialism puts some people under pressure to conform so accepted by peers in clicks or gangs. Mistake material possession is equal to value of life so lack of material things, “dehumanize” them so acquire it through dubious mean at cost of others. Its bizarre the least hard-working wants most expensive things due to jealousy and envy, laugh at those living humbly within their means. People perish for lack of knowledge. So paradigm shift to acquire wealth by any means necessary causes brilliant people to lose focus, not concentrate on skills, talents, abilities, to earn genuine honest income. Love of money for lust misguides some to look for such money sources instantly to fit into constantly changing trends. Martin Luther King Jr. said, “people be judged by CONTENTS OF THEIR CHARACTER” not by skin tone, class, race or fashion labels, price tags left on garments to show off brand. Martin Luther’s points out damage done to people not treated fairly. Some actively involved in money charm scams, due to pride, arrogance of entitled generation seeing themselves above “working class” reject physical normal jobs involving sweating or toil. So impatient want everything yesterday without knowing or understanding of principles of how long things take to be made and costs. Live in the moment, to be permanently high, enjoying life seen from their perspective as having fun. Its unrealistic pressure to own only latest constantly in fashion, cars, gadgets that lead to evil lifestyle bondage conscience obsessed to impress others to get Street credit. School textbook topics teach the capitalist model influencing young minds advertising sales contents shops calculate maths and English lessons etc. Compare old textbooks with classrooms disguised market generation shoppers. Money spending preoccupation has no ethics to save money, wait, earn enough to buy things NEEDED without instant loans or credit cards. Free access to money creates debt for people deluded by things of the world, grass is greener keeping up with Jones. Live this lifestyle for years but still empty because of void in heart. Look for fulfilment in wrong places, vulnerable to wiles of deception and entrapment into bondage. People struggling with self-worth taught to get self-worth from how much money they earn equals power. Grow up see others getting self-esteem from earning money. With lack of money, face life of struggle, end up feeling ashamed and humiliated for not enjoying the glamorous luxury lifestyle of others flaunted on TV and in newspapers. So see sophisticated luxury lifestyle of slavery and colonial masters enjoying wealth resources usurped copy lifestyle they cannot afford. Others feel they deserve to take back what the devil stole from them by exploitation resort to such methods. All wealth belongs to God so people are stewards entrusted with God’s wealth to provide for all. Do not seek vengeance on capitalists who dupe, hide billions, reward themselves in luxury. God owns all wealth so God’s business to deal with them, leave it for God Jehovah Jireh to provide for you in Jesus Name. Wealth will not save people as Jesus returns to judge they will throw wealth in caves trying to hide from God.  

The Bible says in last days people will go to and fro in wrong places looking for happiness and enjoyment to feel good about themselves. People want an unrealistic virtual lifestyle not real life existence within God’s will and plans or purpose. Love of money is root of ALL evil as Bible says leading these innocent people to sell souls to spiritualists, witch doctors to get instant money. Money has conditions attached, destroy themselves or others initiated. Innocent people are victims in bondage as the devil comes to steal, kill and destroy. So naive, greedy children lured into dark forces by a love of money not realising they get into evil satanism too late. So devil goes for best people’s destiny to destroy and disgrace the family. Ironically, families sacrifice to provide needs so lack nothing from a good home with loving parents, orphan, divorced, widows, poor given all family has. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is met beyond basic necessity so live in luxury but bored, restless seek illusion to have fun in wrong places, entangle lives with the forces beyond control. accompanied by nightmares, evil spirits follow them daily to torment them. Seek deliverance since they got more than they bargained for. Money charms continue working by demanding human sacrifice blood to keep potency or lose everything. They do not become rich or established with charmed money, spend it recklessly as instructed to buy clothes, shoes, drink, smoke, do drugs live a lustful lifestyle. Gain the whole world but lose their soul to devil tormenting them changing rules demand to control them gets worse and deeper in marine initiation meeting satan who gives assignment to kill loved ones and relatives for money. So money contaminates real money causing loss to genuine money mixed with money in bank saving through purchases. So evil spirit money in shops changed sends original money back into evil wallet. So empty coffers of hard-earned money people have. Necessary for good success by entrusting money into God’s HANDS to protect your finances in Jesus Name. Jesus warned there will be lawlessness lack of respect for parents, family in-laws without fear of offending people. The witchdoctor initiation controls their minds secret life is hidden from family members. Loved ones from good family targeted by friends who recruit initiate them. Quantification of the value of life lures people under pressure to destroy others to make satan happy with their pain. As pawns, realise their mistake so run to God for help after coming to their senses. Go down a destructive path, lose friends who died recognise they are next unless urgently delivered in Jesus Name. This time evil spirits fights and struggles with them not to seek help because evil spirits will be cast out. To denounce evil spirit seek deliverance from a deliverance church. Jesus came to destroy all works of devil to DELIVER people from all destruction. Find pastors who deliver you without charging money. Give thanks and Glory to God, Jesus Christ through Holy Spirit. Change sim card, delete online contacts porn sites, bad friends and live actively under deliverance pastor’s anointing. Divine cover of Spiritual father in Christ in church, read to study Bible, maintain deliverance living according to word of God in Jesus Christ Name. Praise God.

ASHAMED OF POOR PARENT?

Mother with empty piggy bank

“Wondered what it’s like to live in poor area,” the girl from a posh part of town whispered across classroom table. Even at a small comprehensive in Yorkshire, the divide between the ‘haves’ and ‘have nots’ was clear. At 10 years that time we with two older brothers living in house with mum knew exactly what it was like but said nothing. That night after school burst into angry tears on the mum’s lap. Both parents from working class back grounds: one from family where seven siblings shared two beds; the other started out in one of Leeds’s roughest estates. They grew up wanting a better future, and gradually worked their way up together to become homeowners. At

five parents split up with siblings lived full-time with mum. Suddenly became very aware of money because we just didn’t have any. Our family home was sold to pay off debts. For my mum, the life she’d spent years piecing together, moving away from the estate she grew up on, crashed down around her and it all seemed to happen overnight. The first piece of furniture in council house living room was an old sofa bed that we all crammed ourselves on, given by a kind family friend. So with little money spent evenings by candlelight when the electricity meter ran out, borrow money to top up pre paid card next morning. If

it means poverty according to standard of the time were officially living below the poverty line as a child. By today’s measures, a couple with two children need to earn at least £18,900 (£363 a week) each to achieve the minimum income standard. Since I’m one of three and mum was on her own, this means if I was growing up now and my family was in the same situation, we would still be in poverty.Housing differencesWhen 13, mum started privately renting a house on more affluent side of town, in order to send us to a good secondary school an hour’s bus journey. Mum had a new job, which helped, but she was starting over again after several years of looking after us all at home and her wages barely covered our rent, bills and food for three young kids. Renting is unstable your landlord calls the shots – so lived with constant fear of losing our home if our landlord put the rent up or decided to sell up. It was difficult at my new school, I felt like I didn’t belong at first. I had one friend who had a similar background; she was the only person who I confided everything in. Everyone else received edited versions of my life – nobody knew my uniform was bought with tokens. I dreaded the obligatory McDonald’s pit stop when we went into town, because I just couldn’t afford it.

I remember feeling upset when one of my closest school friends said she was fed up of having to ask her mum to take us places and always inviting me round to their house. She wanted to know why my mum never gave us lifts anywhere and why she was hardly ever invited to mine after school. The truth was I was embarrassed. Despite living in the ‘nice’ side of town, never had enough petrol in car, and friendsallowed round on payday, when there was food in the fridge and enough electricity on the meter. How could I tell her the truth? I imagined my friend’s parents gossiping about my family “not pulling their weight” and looking down at us. The reality was my mum didn’t invite her own friends into the house because she couldn’t afford the extra food.Shabby school uniformFor a long time after leaving school, I continued to try to hide the truth about my background. I can dial my Yorkshire accent up or down depending on my audience. But, the fallout of being such a class chameleon is that I feel ashamed about not being proud of my roots. This follows me no matter where I go or what I do. And it seems I’m not alone in having grown up feeling like being from a poor background is something to be ashamed of. The number of children living in poverty is on the rise but conversely the number of kids claiming free school meals (excluding the universal infant free school meals) is in decline according to a government report. How does that work? Now, I’m ashamed to say that, despite being eligible, I never took free school meals and mum and I regularly rowed about it. I didn’t want to be shamed or, worse, pitied. I knew full well that it would have helped my mum out massively. Instead, she scrimped to put together a packed lunch or dish out the last 50 pence in her purse. Looking back, it makes me cringe. So may think I sound like an ungrateful brat who refused the help offered, just a kid who wanted to be like everyone else. As older, going to uni was something I never considered. At school, I felt like it was just assumed that most people would go but I was scared we couldn’t afford it. A teacher explained the grants and loans that were available and suddenly it seemed like a possibility. I liked studying – I dreamed of one day being a writer and my mum was really excited for me so I applied to study Journalism at Leeds Metropolitan University and got in.

I felt overwhelmed by the amount of money I could borrow from the Student Loan Company. I took loan of £24,000 to cover course and received a grant of just under £3,000 a year. Paying my loans back felt like a lifetime away, so it was easy to ignore the reality that I was getting into serious debt. It seemed like we were all on the same level in our student halls, regardless of where we’d come from. Every time holidays rolled around my new friends disappear back to their family homes or head down to London for exciting-sounding but did unpaid internships. By this point, my mum was renting a house that didn’t have a spare room. If I went back, I’d be on the sofa. I couldn’t afford to do an internship so instead I worked in the local branch of a shoe shop, selling trainers I could never afford, so I could keep paying rent on my student house.

After graduation, I got a lucky break. My shoe sales job led to a full-time role editing the company’s website at their head office in Edinburgh. I found a really cheap flat share and moved there. I was nervous about how I would pay my rent but I felt like I was, at least, making progress because I was getting away from my upbringing and all the stigma and shame that, in my mind, came with it. The sad truth, though, is that not everyone from a background like mine gets a break. A Prince’s Trust report from 2016 found 44% of young people from poorer backgrounds don’t know anyone who can help them find a job, compared to just 26% of their more advantaged peers. Anyway, if you do manage to go to uni and get a graduate job, your social class doesn’t change overnight. In fact, the advantages of other people’s privilege only become more apparent. I was so excited when I got my first job, but underlying that was a constant sense of unease that if something went wrong and I got fired or was made redundant I had no safety net. There was nothing to fall back on and that thought would often keep me awake at night.Bank of Mum and DadSoon after we graduated, some of my friends started buying their first flats, with help from their parents. Last year in the UK, for the lucky ones able to get on the property ladder two thirds (62%) of under-35s received help from family and friends to buy their first home. Around the same time that they were getting on the property ladder, I began earning a bigger salary than all my family members and even helped one of them to pay their rent. When my mates talked about raiding the fridge full of food when going home for Christmas, I quietly set aside money to pay for the supermarket shop and the repairs for my mum’s battered old car. Don’t get me wrong, I know I’m privileged in some ways. I’m white, for a start and I know that gives me certain advantages. But, conversation to start somewhere and, with 51% of journalists being part of the 6.5% of the nation who receive private education, it’s important to listen to anyone who doesn’t fit in that statistic. You see, being poor isn’t just having no money it’s lacking a basic confidence in who you are and what you deserve. Considered self ‘lucky’ to land a graduate job rather than putting it down to having talent and working hard. When I went into my first work meeting and felt like I knew less than the guy with 10 unpaid internships under his belt. When I met a nice guy who invited me to meet his posh parents and I cancelled because I was worried about what they might think of me. These days, I make a living doing a job I love. I rent a small but cute flat share with two friends and I can even afford the odd trip to the seaside.

I make sure I always have a little pot of money to fall back on, because my only alternative is sleeping on my mum’s sofa if things slip. After years of skirting the issue, I’m finally talking openly about our situation with my mum. I can’t imagine how horrible it must be to wipe tears away from daughter’s face after she’s told you how embarrassed she is of the life you’ve always worked so hard to make better for her. The real shame is neither of us will ever be able to gloss over. So do not let shame stop you to say  no to free school meals and starve or not invite friends over. Life is not made up material things according to Jesus it is your heart for loving others that counts most. 

 

Hollie Richardson

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This article was originally published on 2 October 2018.

MY LIFE AFTER UNIVERSITY

Kevin BrochMy life changed after university moving home, losing friends, broke unemployed after university. Kevin Broch left uni. with a short feeling of relief and a sense of achievement, followed by a long feeling of being lost. It’s the end of university and, if luck is on your side, you have had the best three years of your life. The nightlife was amazing; you’ve made lots of new, life-long friends, spending hours in the library on coursework and preparing for exams. Hopefully, this has paid off but what now? This is question many students ask themselves when they graduate but few realise adult life is about to come down on them like a tonne of bricks. When Kevin Broch graduated from Royal Holloway University of London, in 2015, was looking forward to leaving uni and beginning professional life. But, the feeling of hopefulness soon turned to helplessness.

‘Heartbroken’

Now a successful music producer, Kevin says teachers prepared him for leaving college and entering university – but when university comes to an end “no-one tells you what is next now it’s down to you. “I had short feeling of relief and a sense of achievement followed by long feeling of being lost,” he says. Many students say the final year of university tends to be the most stressful and that they can’t wait to hand in dissertations and be done with it.

Claire GambleClaire Gamble found it really hard to meet people or settle into new life after university

But leaving can feel like an anticlimax, and that unique feeling of excitement, stimulation and freedom that university provided can be hard to replace. Claire Gamble, 33, says: “I felt heartbroken moving out of my house on last day of university I couldn’t stop crying.” After four great years of living independently and making solid friends while studying at University of Sheffield didn’t know what was happening next. Claire is not alone. Loneliness seems to be common feature of graduation blues. Kayleigh Rattle, 31, graduated from Warwick University in 2008, says: “Never forgets indescribable loneliness felt leaving university. “And, actually, I try not to think about the experience too much today because it still triggers a wistfulness so palpable for a time that’s now passed, and happened a decade ago.”

New identity

Many students aren’t ready to say their goodbye to close companions when they all go home. University prepares young people for transition from adolescence into adulthood but not the realities of working life? Graduate employment rate stands at 82% according to the Office of National Statistics in 2017, so it takes time to secure a fulltime job. So after three years of relative freedom, hordes of students will probably find themselves packing their bags and trundling back home to their parents’ house. Kayleigh says: “I really struggled with that – having a curfew again, not being able to sleep in the same bedroom as my boyfriend, and, I felt, being treated like a child again.”

Kayleigh RattleKayleigh Rattle describes university as combination of indispensable relationships and learning

This feeling of stepping backwards can be an extra incentive to find a “proper job”. Carolyn Mumby, counsellor coach with British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, says: “The return home can feel like trying to squash yourself back into the shape of your previous self. “It can be challenging to maintain your autonomy. “You may be challenging autonomy of your parents and carers who have adjusted to life without you living at home. There is a renegotiation of roles and relationships. Sophie Phillipson, 27, felt “ovewhelmed” and “nervous” at the prospect of facing adult life. She went on to found the website HelloGrads, which offers skills to help ease the transition from education to working life. She says: “You come out with a good degree and then reality hits. And it’s quite difficult because you think you’re going to get a good job, if you don’t, you can become overwhelmed.” Emily Williams, 24, and a Sheffield Hallam graduate, took a job that was really disappointing. She says she used to walk to work every day and think: “How can I get slightly injured, not enough to be seriously hurt or die, but just enough so I don’t have to go to work?” She suggests people take time to find out what they want to do. “There is absolutely no shame in going back home and getting a job at your local supermarket whilst you figure out what your passions are,” she says. “Don’t feel like you should already know what you want to do.”

Julie and Sophie PhillipsonSophie Phillipson, and her mother, Julie, set up website HelloGrads to help other young people transition from university into adult working life

Sophie says: “There’s a lot more to consider than you first think – and nobody tells you. “Money is constantly on your mind and there is a huge pressure to succeed from your parents, even though they have the best intentions.”

‘Blagging it’

Student fees tripled in 2012 and Sophie believes this has a part to play in the pressure students place on themselves to succeed and make their degree “worth it.” Social media doesn’t help. “No-one posts the countless rejections they faced to get to their position,” Sophie says. But it isn’t all doom and gloom. Graduates are still likely to be employed than people with fewer qualifications. Claire says that although leaving university was tough, 12 years on she is settled, has a family of her own and a successful business. She believes young people shouldn’t expect working life to be like university. But should “embrace new challenges, because your next adventures are just beginning.” Emily seconds this and says: “No-one has a clue what they’re doing. People in their 30s tell me they don’t feel like proper adults yet. “Everyone is going with the flow and blagging it as they go.”

 

COMMONWEALTH BRITAIN?

Queen Elizabeth II riding an elephant during her visit to India in 1961.A Professor of a Commonwealth institution discussed championing of multiculturalism changes after Brexit takes place. Global affiliated countries of colonial master colonies from 1965 elected heads after independence to be leaders. Some want a conferred leader by an automatic birth as empire head to change after Brexit. Some use ‘racism’ xenophobic anti immigration sentiment as reasons for complete separation of long term friendships. Intergenerational commonwealth nations tested querying the Commonwealth post-colonial club of nation’s relationships with past empire. Decolonising conversations around the world, from Rhodes Must Fall to Black Lives Matter, think the Commonwealth must “decolonise” their relationships to the former colonial ruler Great Britain. The divisive Commonwealth members question privileged leadership of a post colonial institution headed by a colonial master. Commonwealth inherited crown head from a single country they want to change. The Commonwealth headquarters in London shows history of empire’s best convenient geography. Commonwealth power flows through London conferred by the monarchy to former colonies. Centre of periphery of dynamics of empire is the Queen, head of Commonwealth’s power associated with monarchy’s friendship of nations. wp-1577967341474.jpgCommonwealth of Nations is a group of countries. Originally, called the British. Commonwealth of Nations founded in 1926 when the British Empire began to break-up. The 53 member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations except Mozambique were part of the British Empire. Changes have taken place many years in terms of these Commonwealth relations. The people’s Common wealth belong to colonial masters like natural resources drained by Western countries to survive. Though the West depends on Commonwealth resources the colonial nations do not prosper as their colonial masters for generations. So negotiations must be reconsidered for fair treatment.

Perhaps strong association with crown made sense in the early years, when the Commonwealth’s goal of bridging their economic gap between “developed” and “developing” countries as coloniser and colonised envisioned north-south flows. But is this the case? The world has more complicated needs of a Commonwealth secretariat established in 1965. Global economy flows emerging in economic power of members of Commonwealth nations supporting the Queen as head.wp-1577967353417.jpgCommonwealth nations led by a British Commonwealth Queen is symbolic of a relationship that endures to adjust to a postcolonial world of people. Real issue is Commonwealth countries completely interdepend on the West for economic development. Relationships developed need each other more as their natural resources flow from these post colonial regions to the Western world. Processed goods sold to nations are indispensable as manufactured goods, essential foods, medicine, services, computers, modern gadget lifestyles of postcolonial nations. Like Brexit, sentimental hatred of some people causes them to start “race wars” by a chaotic association. They want to detach for individualist selfish racist goals. No one is an island, people need to co-operate as nations for good success. Politics needs diplomacy and a deeper understanding of implication of consequences to build bridges of unity.wp-1577967329471.jpg

Refusal to contribute millions requested to EU triggered the Brexit but departure equally demands payment. Question is, is contributing to protect international interests abroad by union members as a united front better than paying without same privileges a new reality unforseen in advance? The complex set of Brexit is new grounds negotiated through trade deals with individual nations as part of consequences of Brexit. Some wonder if leaders realise that inciteful statements without proper research or homework makes their nations suffer. Their lack of understanding of practical issues of the basic necessities: food, water, medicines also hits the postcolonised nations most. Often the innocent women and children bear the brunt of macho policies flexing muscles to prove their point. No perfect alternative is possible to counteract the effect of policies imposed on all. Living history repeats itself showing 70 years of relentless wars of all past years linger on today causing more sufferings to all.  wp-1577967305023.jpg Peaceful long-term friendship is a better choice option than bitter vitriol hatreds of racism sown by the few. Ignorance is bliss so some who demand change lack knowledge of past history consequences of damaging effects on some nations. Its NOT WISE to get rid of the post colonial friends in need of each other. So its best Commonwealth headquarters REMAINS in London as the Queen is the life head. Interdependence of nations is essential to stop divisive worst alternatives. This is true as all nations on earth need each to learn to listen and value differences, God created nations for HIS GLORY. The former Canadian prime minister Lester Pearson remarked, the Commonwealth went from having an emperor to a king to a head by upheaval of decolonisation. The Queen is the best head as excellent leader of Britain, has best experience of Commonwealth nations for generations used to diversity in serving as head. The organisation’s diversity is represented by position of secretary-general, which provides the real leadership on a world stage. Shridath Ramphal of Guyana, the longest serve Commonwealth secretary general (1975-1990), championed these Commonwealth as the family of nations that fosters community relationships.wp-1577967290348.jpg Kings and Quuens are ordained by God by birthright as heads, so international aspiration of the Commonwealth must remain Supremacy of community above selfish greed and racism.” Sounds nice, but possibly not truthful in terms of the realities of all these members. Ramphal embraced Commonwealth represented by values of fairness and anti-racism. Its inherent contradiction: Commonwealth exploitation, violence, deeply ingrained racism makes such a perfect existence impossible. If Commonwealth members want change this opportunity to infuse institution with MATURED COMMITTED new leadership structure. Young naive are so impressionable in universities so the queen must ensure they are led by a stable emeritus experienced academics. Is United Kingdom’s extension of British crown capable of such moral leadership required to fulfil this role? Is monarchy facing current exploitation from former colonies using megawatt ‘racism’ liberal views try to undermine monarchy not aware of their underhand tactics? Since Brexit vote revealed Britain’s nationalist isolationist position in the world affairs, their leave sentiment campaigns fuelled by xenophobia impacts Commonwealth nations to force for change for control.wp-1577967277850.jpg Politicians campaigning for Brexit did so with imperial nostalgia mixed with the white man’s burden; the alternative proposed for Britain is special status in Commonwealth is first among equals. Is this questionable if Britain cannot be trusted to champion internationalism and fair multiculturalism? Cameroon’s struggles of relics of British colonialism as Eliza Anyangwe wrote in Guardian is this opportunity to reconsider rotating a democratic approach to Commonwealth leadership? Refreshing organisation for relevancy to the majority of members is an idea peddled to elect the titular head from outside Britain’s royal family? But look at OAU among others, did increase in international spirit of the “family” of Commonwealth nations without Britain as head succeed? Most nations lack the adequate resources or security to host a large gathering of nations consistently. wp-1577967252882.jpgSome divisive people want to capitalise on post colonial sentiments to use their own selfish agenda by using “racism” to incite a race war. Their evil motive is to spread hatred and division to portray the Commonwealth nations as “victims.” Some Commonwealth people are pliable trained to submit to authority so can be manipulated through universities. Most military coup de tats in the third world countries start on university campuses, in conjunction with naive students. The changes promised by using harsh forces maltreat people’s assets they take. They kill elected leaders, topple governments sponsored from abroad to gain access to natural resources. Nations remain poor and people suffer while military enjoy luxury. Structures of Commonwealth is not ideal but practical for the involved nations. Head of Commonwealth is best Royal and invest funds in modern states or reparations. History shows monarchs destroyed by tyrants who took over are worse than sovereign. Power shifts into hands of vying liberal maxist groups or military who enrich themselves in their offshore accounts. Naive young leaders influenced by powerful forces destroy monarchy. Beware, enthusiastic people demanding an “alternative progressive” Commonwealth flaunt themselves at the centre of photo opportunities, promote “soft Business” agendas. Commonwealth dedicated team of leaders committed to duty first help the poor get basic needs. Most villages need bicycles, motors for emergency health care workers, food or suitable walking shoes in hot climate. So stop the lavish waste jet flying in luxury hotel blocked off for exclusive use while depriving people. The rich enjoy as the people suffer. Royalty is more STABLE so unites people but the lavish excesses depriving hospitals, schools or essential lifeline services must change. Ensure a fair share of resources to many working people starving, dying in countries due greed of watching leaders flaunt wealth in their faces. Giving relentless speeches of meaningless word salad to common people. Commonwealth citizens under economic colonialism struggle to pay IMF loans borrowed from the colonial masters. Post colonial masters ensure a firm grip on resources to stunt growth of past colonised nations “institutionally racist” what would Jesus say about uses of resources provided by God freely for all mankind to enjoy?

Mankind cannot inherit bitter grudges of hatred injustice of perpetrators. They feel angry forced slavery or colonialism that built Western countries deprive the post colonial nations. Are forming their “alternative progressive” alliance of the Commonwealth of citing racism hatred to whip up dark emotions to members by “forces for change” agenda. Obsessed by dominance of the world feel entitled to rule because ancestor’s blood and toil built the West. Want “forces for change” of enmity hatred through envy jealousy to spread to 53 Commonwealth nations. Plan upheaval sentiments to whip anger rebellion to take place among nations to emerge as their head. This delusions of grandeur is driving them to portray the monarchy as “archaic” and irrelevant to modern generations. Descendants of the slaves want to rule the world because it is their ancestors who built it. Planning to incite hatred so naive people will join their agenda to destroy the royal family. So Commonwealth royal family head is targeted as their ‘enemy’ to achieve the liberal goals of perceived injustice for a future rule by them. British monarchy is seen as obstacle to achieving black head of the Commonwealth they feel entitled to rule because their ancestors earned it so must take over. Monarchy must wake up to underground liberal view of woke naive people who lack understanding of proper leadership protocol or decorum but strongly want to rule the world. The “forces for change” use racism hatred to recruit naive antimonarchy sentiments to create “alternative progressive” ruler. This is going on behind the scenes so as to incite Commonwealth Universities or academics for reparations of injustice of slavery and colonialism. Their error is a past generation of enmity hatred cannot be the excuse for selfish motives to rule. Commonwealth must be preserved and a transparent working agenda must not vilify any race war to promote divisions. Commonwealth community of nations must continue by mutual respect for all because rebellious mutinies never last. The toxic divisive people always destroy others to prove their superiority to rule but genuine people who care preserve Commonwealth as the only best option.

Reblogged & Updated Article By: Nalini Mohabir: – Nalini Mohabir is assistant professor of postcolonial geographies at Concordia University, Montreal, Canada