Decades of research papers appear in the scientific press clearly showing the correlation between cosmic-solar radiations and destructive geological events like earthquakes & volcanic eruptions. These research papers are supported by statistical evidence that go back hundreds of years. Some research papers have outstanding observed data self-explanatory equipped with correct physics. Researchers could not provide correct interpretation of these data. The reason is the fundamental defects in the basic laws of physics. Since 1967 a study published with the Earth and Planetary Science Letters found that solar activity plays a significant role in the triggering of earthquakes. In 1998 a scientist from the Beijing Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Science, found a correlation between low solar activity and earthquakes. Another research, carried by Space and Science Research Center in Florida, US, showed strong correlation between solar activity and the largest earthquakes and volcanic eruptions within the continental united states and regions around world. The study looked at data of volcanic activity between (1650 – 2009) and seismic (earthquakes) activity between (1700 – 2009) the recorded data compared with sunspots record (solar activity). The results of study shows very strong correlation between solar activity and the largest seismic and volcanic events, within the continental US and globally. The correlation for volcanic activity was bigger than (> 80%) and for the largest earthquakes was (100% of the top 7 most powerful) versus solar activity lows. The research concluded existence of a strong correlation between global volcanic activity among the largest of classes of eruptions and solar activity lows. With the 80.6% occurrence of large scale global volcanic eruptions taking place (> VEI 5) during solar activity lows and with 87.5% occurring for the very largest (> VEI 6) eruptions during major solar minimums. The last paper read on topic is titled: Explosive Volcanic Eruptions Triggered by Cosmic Ray: Volcano as a Bubble Chamber. The research was conducted by Japanese scientists led by Toshikazu Ebisuzaki. They studied the relationship between solar magnetic activity and 11 explosive eruptions from silicate-rich volcanoes in Japan over the past 306 years. They found that 9 of the eruptions occurred during solar minimum (inactive phase of solar activity). The researchers quite accurate with assumption eruption of volcanoes triggered by cosmic radiation eruption taking place. The mechanism of eruption called bubble nucleation induced by cosmicmuons may not be correct. The process triggers eruption if located deep within magma chamber, several kilometers below surface not 10 m within surface of the volcano. To give credibility to model researchers chose mountain volcanoes. They considered eruptions occurred high above the sea level. Though paper provided clear data shows most destructive earthquakes in 3 centuries in Japan took place during solar minimum. No physical mechanism proposed to explain correlation of deep earthquakes or solar magnetic activity.NASA researchers in 2008 announced a link between electrical disturbances on the edge of our atmosphere impending quakes on ground below was found. So this finding is in agreement with similar studies carried out by space research institutes. Satellites picked disturbances 100 – 600 km above areas later hit by earthquakes. Fluctuation in density of electrons, electrically-charged particles in ionosphere observed, and huge signal detected in time before large magnitude earthquakes strike. Jann-Yeng Liu, from the center for space and remote sensing research in Chung-Li, Taiwan support a link between earthquakes, disturbances in the ionosphere. He examined over 100 earthquakes with magnitude 5.0 and larger in and around Taiwan over several decades. Based on data analysis almost all earthquakes down to a depth of 35 Km preceded by distinct electrical disturbances in ionosphere. Minoru Freund from NASA Ames Research Center, developed a theory based on the above observations. “It boils down to idea when rocks compress tectonic plates shift and they act like batteries, producing electric currents’ in following paper, Air ionization at rock surfaces and pre-earthquake signals.NASA researchers assume compressed rocks release electrical charges which travel upwards into the ionosphere. In reality, however, the opposite is true- the reverse is happening. Fluctuations of cosmic-solar radiations are charging ionosphere. That results in anomalies of geomagnetic field causes the generation of eddy current. The eddy current heats the rocks in the faults and consequently the sheer resistant intensity and static friction limit of rocks decreases. This is the main process trigger earthquakes and volcanic eruption. During solar minimum high energy cosmic radiation penetrates to very deep distance below the Earth’s surface, in some cases a few hundred kilometers. This is reason why most if not all earthquakes during solar minimum are deep earthquakes. The stress on the Magnetosphere during solar minimum is higher because the Heliosphere is weaker and more high energy charged particles can penetrate the solar system. On the average, the flux of cosmic rays is 20% higher during solar minimum. But, if the Sun, is in its highest position in the galaxy-which is the time when the Earth is in its final phase of magnetic field reversal-then the impact of cosmic radiation on both the Heliosphere and Magnetosphere is higher even during solar maximum. At that position Heliosphere is in weakest state due to very intense bombardment from high energy radiations.Relationship between the lowest-highest solar cycles and earthquake-volcanic eruption is supported by overwhelming evidence. Statistical data shows strong correlation between major volcanic activity (based on cubic kilometers of ejected matter), major earthquakes of 8.0 magnitude or more (on Richter scale) and strong solar minimum (grand minimums). In the last two and half centuries major volcanic eruptions occurred during strong solar minimum (Grand minimums): Grimvotn (Iceland) 1783/84 (14 km3), Tambora (Indonesia) 1810 (150 km3), Krakatoa island volcano on Indonesian arc, by Sumatra & Java 1883 (5.0 km3), Santa Maria (Guatemala) 1902 (4.8 km3), Novarupta (Alaska) 1912 (3.4 km3). The only major eruption to occur during a solar maximum was Pinatabo (Philippines) 1991 (between 6 and 16 km3). Similar correlation found in earthquakes. All major earthquakes occurred during strong solar minimums or grand minimums. After solar activity decline significantly between 2004-2010 11 major earthquakes of 8.0 magnitude. in Solomon Islands -8.1(April 2004), Sumatra-Andaman&Indian Ocean tsunami- 9.2 (December 2004), Nias (Indonesia) -8.6 (March 2005), Tonga- 8.0 (May 2006), Kiril Islands (Russia) twice- 8.1 (November 2006 &January 2007), Peru-8.0 (August 2007), Sumatra-8.5 (September 2007), Samoa-8.1 (September 2009), Maule (Chile)-8.8 (February 2010).Scientists are puzzled and cannot give rational explanation why destructive earthquakes took place on grand minimums. Wrong explanation has been given by some Russian scientists. They believe that reduced magnetic pressure on Earth during solar minimum enables tectonic plates to move a little more freely and that would make the release of built up frictional forces between them much easier. But, the magnetic pressure during solar minimum is increasing not decreasing. The stronger is the solar minimum the higher is magnetic pressure. This fact has already been observed. Sensors on board the US Air Force C∕NOFS satellites recorded collapse of ionosphere caused by extreme solar minimum. The bottom line is that all earthquakes and volcanic eruptions-big or small- are triggered by an external pressure induced on Earth’s magnetic field. The Strong Coronal Mass Ejection Flare directed at Earth exerts pressure, that deforms and shrinks the Magnetosphere by as much as 4 Earth Radius (4Re). The pressure affects and impacts the layers of Earth below its surface in different ways. It depends on tectonic of each region. In some regions the tension causes energy to be released in a form of earthquake, while in others it is in the form of volcanic eruption.Very intense magnetic radiation from ultra-dense tiny Stars Magnetars close to the galactic core of our galaxy similar triggered December 26, 2004 Indonesian earthquake. Induce substantial damage to Magnetosphere so intense radiation easily penetrate Magnetosphere, during extreme solar minimum. This energetic increases flux of high energy particles in the ionosphere to several orders of magnitude. The December 26, 2004 Indonesian earthquake was ten times stronger than other earthquakes during the previous 25 years, and was followed 44.6 hours later on December 27th by the detection of a very intense gamma ray burst. It was 100 fold brighter than others in previous 25 year history of gamma ray observation. This gamma ray burst was released from a tiny star located about 10 degrees northeast of the galactic center. Its size is only 20 km in diameter, but it has a mass around 150 solar masses and a luminosity 40 million times than Sun. It releases more energy in a tenth of a second than what the Sun emits in 100,000 years. These kinds of stars can only be formed in the dense regions of the Universe where the intensity of magnetic fields, enormous. Current physics says Neutron stars like Black Holes. Does Neutron Stars exist.Magnetic waves phenomena associated with large magnitude earthquakes is an intense volcanic eruption. A distinctive feature shows lack of understanding of real cause of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. It is called earthquake light. Observed since ancient times, unusual luminous aerial phenomenon appears in sky at or near areas of tectonic stress, seismic activity or volcanic eruptions. In the last few years seismologists started taking earthquake light seriously and consider it worth scientific research. Some theories proposed, do not provide an explanation of the real cause of this phenomenon. Observed phenomenon of evidence shows earthquakes, volcanic eruption happen as a result of the stress induced on Earth’s magnetic field which begins at the ionosphere. Development of a detecting system to observe these electromagnetic disturbances, can be established by satellite network system. Early warning integrated system at the ionosphere is extremely crucial urgent requirement to predict earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. It is high time to understand our planet is permanently linked to the cosmos. All interactions and energetic events on cosmological scales affect or impact our planet in one way or another. Energetic events taking place in our galaxy influences the solar system in very short period of time. The physics of isolationism, self sufficient, partially of the misunderstanding of the force of gravity, and discrete notion of probability theory quantum mechanics, theories of relativity (special & general) are serious obstacles that do not allow us to understand our unified Universe. The Universe exists as a coherent entity. It is absolutely unified by the magnetic force, permanently present in building blocks of matter. For this reason, we are not isolated from events that take place on any scale. The impact of energetic events are determined by distance and intensity of those events. Strong blast of supernova or Gamma Ray Burst from the dense regions of our galaxy shakes entire solar system. Impact of energetic explosions are felt instantly as magnetic fields are continuous. Notion of limited speed of propagation of energetic event, dictated by speed of light continues to have a devastating consequences on the development of physics. The last few decades observed so many cosmological phenomena flaw in theoretical concept.
In spite of observations increasing new generations of space telescopes, other detecting observing instruments, on land and in space physicists refuse to question notion of limited speed of light. These observations are enforced in the theoretical concept, by inventing new theoretical assumptions, invention of an imaginary particle, new exotic matter or mystery substance that cannot be detected or observed. Without revising the force of gravity and accepting it as an attractive weak magnetic force that operates between adjacent magnetic fields when the difference in strengths is big (or not zero) without discarding metaphysics or pseudo physics theories of 20th century, progress is impossible. Distortions of the physical reality of the Universe, the theoretical physics of the 20th century affect practical benefits to mankind. Some say GPS works on the principle of special relativity transistor result of Quantum Mechanics (QM), and quantum computer (QC) to be built. But claims scientifically groundless. Go back to the drawing board to revise force of gravity and discard myths of the 20th century physics, to produce most ideal energy source. Modern manufactured technologies used explore Universe in ways beyond imagination of science fiction writers.
Written by Jamal Shrair,
Budapest, June 9, 2015