DR JAMES KWEGYIR AGGREY

images-James_Emman_Kwegyir_Aggrey_814477910Dr James Emman Kwegir Aggrey is one of the leading figures in the history of education in Africa. And undoubtedly Dr. James Emmanuel Kwegyir Aggrey, is more popularly known as “Aggrey of Africa.” He is noted as great sociologist, orator, preacher, far-sighted politician, equally famous for witty epigramatic sayings. Aggrey is apostle of inter-racial co-operation, advocated and helped to cut the path of progress for the African race in many fields, in the direction of Religion, Education, and Agriculture. Is known as “Father of African Education,” “First African Gender Activist,” “Pan-Africanist,” “African Theologian,” “Civil Right Activist,” and “Father of Achimota College.” Type his name on Google and get 11,000 results in 0.30 seconds. Born on Monday, 18th October, 1875, at Anomabo in the Central Region of the Gold Coast, of Princess Abena Anowa of Ajumako, and Okyeame Prince Kodwo Kwegyir, Chief Linguist in the court of King Amonoo V of Anomabu, Aggrey was the seventeenth child of his father and fourth of his mother Abena Anowa, third, last wife of Okyeame Kwegyir. ( Okyeame Kwegyir had 21 children in total; 9 by his first wife, 4 by his second and 8 a third wife Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey’s mother. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey was born amidst rumours of an Ashanti invasion of Anomabo in the midst of warlike-preparations, time set aside to name the child, since it was eighth day after birth, as tradition demanded. At the naming ceremony and baptism on June 24th, 1883, Aggrey with brother Kodwo Awir, Christian names are James and William, were by custom bestowed on him and his brother respectively. However other fantse names were given to young Aggrey and his full name was James Emman Kodwo Mensa Otsiwadu Humamfunsam Kwegyir Aggrey.

Dr James Kwegyir Aggrey’s family. And James is his baptismal name. The others name explained as Emman, ‘ Great city’ supposed to be “Oman” Fantse language but Cape Coast pronounciation affected it and Aggrey accepted it. Kodwo, ‘male child born on Monday, Mensa, is a ‘third male child’ Otsiwadu, tenth after Otsiwa Humamfunsam, ‘wide-ruling Agyeman’; Kwegyir, father’s name; Aggrey, family name. Kwegyir is a contraction of Kwaw Egyir. Egyir seems original family name anglicised Aggrey. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey’s father, respected linguist spokesman of a chief or king, a warrior. His mother, a daughter of a medicine man so he was born in traditional family who became Christians and Dr. Aggrey was baptised, as James. Prior to this he was popularly known as Kojo, or Kodwo, Mensa. James recounted when he stated: “My father and my mother, brothers and sisters became Christians through me. I got a taste for this when 8 years old.” Dr Aggrey`s Bust at Achimota School, Accra, Ghana. Shortly before eightieth birthday, entered the Wesleyan School in Cape Coast. Father left with mother to seek employment as “goldtaker’ with Mr. John Sarbah indigene of Anomabu and father of late lawyer John Mensah Sarbah, CMG, prosperous merchant and member of Legislative Council. But after bankruptcy of the Hon. George Kuntu-Blankson, whose firm Kodwo Kwegyir held position several years at Anomabu, fifteen miles east of Cape Coast. Dr. Aggrey’s younger sister his favourite admired him for prowess of learning to recite what he was taught at school like Lord’s Prayer, Apostle’s Creed, ‘Thirty days has September, the multiplication table and so on. A lot is said about how thin he grew but strong and healthy so his mother said he detests ‘fufu.’ But most importantly, from boyhood, Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey diligently pursuing knowledge. He rose early than members of family, shared ‘water-carrying’ and sweeping, puts little boiled maize under his cloth with books, goes to Amanfu at the seashore reads till school time. He is seen everyday walking across Chapel Square, the centre of town, “oblivious of everything but book his eyes were glued to.”Its said he was among the top four (4th) in class.


In Achimota School in 1888, Dr. James Kwegyir Aggrey’s life changed with the arrival of Rev. Dennis Kemp, Wesleyan missionary, who arrived in Cape Coast from Barbados, West Indies. As part of his efforts to curb illiteracy at the time, proposed to take 20 people (all boys) to mission house for training so favoured among them was Dr. James Kwegyir Aggrey. Young Emmanuel distinguished himself in all branches of knowledge, so easily won admiration of Rev. Dennis Kemp. In a spacious mission home, “the most palatial residence in Cape Coast,” Aggrey and twenty three lads received instruction in joinery, blacksmithery, home decoration, painting, in addition to formal literary education, science, logic, etc.  As expected, Aggrey became more engrossed in his books. He was quoted to declare many times, “I want to know everything.”Aggrey had no time for ‘games.’ He lived for books. He would stay up reading long after others were asleep, when weary, tie a soaked towel around his head and sit with his feet in basin of cold water. He loved God as a boy so history books refer to him as ‘a natural Christian.’ Two years later he at 14 years, completed his course at this college, and accepted post of temporary pupil teacher, Abura-Dunkwa, 20 miles east of Cape Coast on monthly salary of 35 shillings. Aggrey was responsible for a class of about 30 boys. Rev. Dennis Kemp appointed to spiritual oversight of the Coast to the Prahso district. And Aggrey and Rev. Dennis Kemp made a two-day journey to this large circuit. At Ekroful, they were handicapped for lack of accommodation, no hotels or lodging houses, slept in the chapel; Rev. Kemp in the pulpit, and Aggrey in one of the pews. By age 15, was in sole control of the school and compelled to show his leadership prowess. He succeeded in raising standard of pupils’ work under his guidance both the day school and Sunday school became the largest in the circuit. In a letter to the school 37 years later, Aggrey recounted, “In 1889 I was in Abura Dunkwa to teach in a village school. I was kindergarten teacher, primary teacher, headmaster and all. He lamented about the poor conditions of teachers but stated, “and yet looking back on my life, if I had chance to live again,  I will gladly do teachin again.

A year afterwards, Aggrey transferred to Cape Coast, now prosperous; several Christian missionaries had arrived and fraternal, literary and social clubs, the Singing Band, Band of Hope, and Chris’t Little Band and Y.M.C.A. all establishing themselves. Trade was prosperous, with speculation in gold mines, machinery increasing; railways introduced in the nearby district. Banks were established, newspapers springing up, and study of English language becoming popular. So
Aggrey joined the staff of the Wesleyan Memorial School, built in 1881, taught for many years. So studying for Aggrey was a lifestyle and not a task. He asked for lessons to prepare for Cambridge Local Examination. Studied Magnetism, Electricity, traded with the missionaries giving lessons in the Fanti language. In return, learnt lessons in French, Latin and Psychology, always ready to share knowledge with pupils. Dr. Aggrey is known for delight in use of long English words. Quoted in a youthful essay, “ In the tropics, nature excels herself in superabundant productiveness.” If he did not find word to suit him creates one quoted as saying, “ the tropician is satisfied on land, the frigidian, ever on the icy waters.”  He coined the title ‘tantabulator’ after the name of music instrument, tanta-ba in fanti, probably because it was the only instrument he could play so well. Dr. Aggrey excelled in everything he ‘touched’ and he was proud of himself. He is quoted to have said, “ when I was being trained for the ministry, I ranked first in Greek, in Latin, in Bible History, in Logic, in Exegesis, yes, first in everything.” He was so good the Wesleyan authorities permitted him to preach at age 16. By the time Dr. Aggrey turned 20, he was Assistant Headmaster at the Wesleyan Centenary Memorial School. Anomabo Etsiwa Posuban Asafo group or military Dr James Kwegyir Aggrey belongs. In 1889, when Rev. J.B. Graham entered ministry, Aggrey a Headmaster of the school at age of 23. He took all the Teachers’ Certificate examinations of Department of Education; and in 1895, stood first among the 119 candidates all over the country. Only one who gained second class certificate of distinction he obtained qualified him without further examination, “to teach in similar school in any British Colony, the world over.” The Legislative Council voted (NC30.00) 15 pounds in his favour for purchase of books in appreciation. His success made Cape Coast Wesleyan School the best school in the Colony. As stated by then Director of Education with 400 enrolled students, Aggrey is a figure of great man in the Gold Coast even at that time.

Dr James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey. From 1895 – 1898, Aggrey is educational giant, a politician and soldier. Aggrey became recording Secretary, Aborigines Rights Protection Society and short time acted as Chief Secretary of Society. He carried about a petition for signatures against notorious Public Lands Bill (1897). On one occasion, performed splendid task of walking, in the course of a single day, 36 miles to Manso to send an important cablegram to London on behalf of the Society. Aggrey contributed articles in a Gold Coast Methodist Times, his friend Rev. Jacob Anaman then editor, helped to get the unpopular Bill withdrawn. As a soldier in Fanti-Ashanti war, Aggrey served his expedition under Colonel Sir Francis Cunningham Scott, a veteran of Gold Coast Constabulary who had on his staff two British princes. Prince Henry of Battenberg and the Prince Christian Victor. Aggrey an interpreter was paid 7/6d. per day attached to Telegraph Unit with Captain R. S. Curtis and Lieutenant McInnes marched from Cape Coast to Kumasi in December, 1896. Saw fighting in Kumasi, the following year returned to Cape Coast unhurt. Afterwards, his father’s people made him the Tufuhene a Field Marshall according to the native custom. Although accepted the honour politely sought to be relieved of office, as it would have stood in the way of his education and other civic programmes. This refusal, was not for lack of interest in African customs, but because he felt he could not fulfil all functions at same time. Dr Aggrey was popular amongst the Gold Coast educated elites whatever he wear they mimic his style. In his own words: “In Gold Coast I was popular if I wore my hat over my right brow all young men wore theirs in the same way. I did not know I knew nothing. From Gold Coast I went to America, to obtain two doctorates. Perceived knew nothing.” For the next twenty-six years, from 10th July, 1898 to October 15th 1924, Aggrey pursued knowledge and education in America. Through the generous offer of Rev. John Bryan Small a native of Barbados, Aggrey proceeded to America to train to join the Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. Aggrey left for United States, 10th July, 1898, SS “Accra” reaching America a month later. Aggrey describes life-time student, successfully took examinations every year. Aggrey combined good academic attitude with his diligence and hard work raise funds during long vacation to pay his fees. He recounted an experience seeking a job at publishing firm, “ When I asked for work, they told me they had no work except for a devil. So I begun to black my face more black, easy to do when using the hand machines. In 3 weeks, moved to be journeyman in another 3 weeks, made a proof reader.” For his hard work occasionally asked by editors of Charlotte Daily Observer, publishing firm to contribute articles to the papers. Mr. H.E.C Bryant, through whose hands his contributions passed noted:“ He’s dark as dark, but very few in America can use English as he can. His articles go in without blue-penciling.” In 1902 Kwegyir Aggrey graduated with B.A honours. He won gold medal for English composition and a second gold medal for general scholarly deportment. In the same year, delivered a Latin salutatory at Commencement in American colleges at close of the term. He earlier delivered first Greek oration heard in the college.

In 1912 degree of M.A, conferred on him by Livingstone College. And also a Hood Theological Seminary Doctorate Degree.
Prior to graduating, given assistance to staff of the College. When professor, A.B Johnson fell ill, Aggrey worked for him. Death of A.B Johnson, meant appointed Registrar, Financial Secretary, taught English Language, Literature, Sociology and Economics. He acted as Treasurer of the college athletic association, was superintended of College Sunday School ordained an Elder of the Zion Methodist Church in 1903. Made Pastor at Miller’s Chapel and Sandy Ridge in 1914. After completing course, College authorities pressed him to stay. Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey always conscious of time, was known by students as a ‘stickler for punctuality.’ Students accused him of ‘putting on the clock.’They tried to catch him late, but never succeeded. A fellow student and one-time principal, Dr. W.J. Trent wrote:
“His influence at Livingstone, where he taught for more than 20 years was very precious and had a great deal to do with improvement of moral and spiritual conditions of whole college life” In 1917, position of the President of Livingstone College became vacant passed over, many expected, supported him for the post, Dr. Aggrey remained strong. He stated in a letter: “ I believe the Lord has something else in store for me. I am doing my best, patiently waiting until He gets ready for me to go where He leads I follow. Dr Aggrey obtained Philosophy Degree, Divinities in 1923. He returned home to Achimota College as foundation member of staff in 1924, Assistant Vice-Principal, thanks to Governor Guggisbery, who made the foundation of College possible. In 1924, position of President of Livingstone College vacant again and Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey in Gold Coast was invited to take over as President but declined the offer. Committing himself to work as a staff member of Achimota School in Accra. Despite the big disparity between the income offered or one taken at time.XGltYWdlc1xjb250ZW50XGltMXBndHNmZmFfcGhvdG9fMy5qcGd8NDUwfDEwLzI0LzIwMTg= In a letter to a friend, Dr. Aggrey explained his position: “ In the United States, the Livingstone College stands first in my heart. I love her. And God’s choicest blessing attend her. But in the whole wide world my Africa comes first.” It is Aggrey’s contribution to welfare of the Gold Coast in particular and Africa in general helped in three major fields. He served as only African member on two internationally reputed education commissions for Africa. Phelps-Stokes fund Commission, regarded a key-stone to raising the standard of education in Africa. In will dated 1909, Miss Caroline Phelps-Stokes bequeathed her fortune, amounting to almost a million dollars, to trustees with instruction the income be used, inter alias, “for education of Negroes, in Africa and the United States, North American Indian and needy and deserving white students.” Out of this came two Commissions, which toured countries in Africa for fact-finding, on which Aggrey features prominently. It is during this journey Aggrey made a significant impression and underscored importance of education among people who became important figures in Africa including Hastings Kamuzu Banda, later president of MalawiNnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria, and Kwame Nkrumah, first president of Ghana. We hear of Aggrey in Sierra Leone, Liberia, September, 1920. Gold Coast, October to November, 1920. Nigeria, Fernando Po November, December 1920. Cameroon, December 1920, Belgian Congo January 1921, Angola January to February 1924, Kenya, February to March 1924, Uganda March 1924, Tanganyika and Zanzibar March, April 1924, Nyasaland Rhodesia in April to June 1924, South Africa again in June 1924, Again Gold Coast October, 1924. In a letter to his wife, wrote about his work on the commission. He said the characteristic of Christian is to do more than he is commanded to do. He added:
“I can bear witness turning the right check wins ultimately. Rightly does
Shakespeare make the critical Iago, Shakespeare’s consummate satan critic of critics, pay sweet-souled Desdemona most excellent tribute: ‘She holds it a vice in her goodness not to do more than is requested.’ … I go forth, Rose, first to serve my God, our God Who has appeared to me by
the side of the mountain and asked me to go lead my people away from Egypt, ignorance and maltreatmet, I go to serve my people.” While visiting Kenya, Commission recommended four separate Education Advisory Committee for racial groups in Kenya: Europeans, Arabs, Indians and Africans. They steer educational development for each race until independence. So recommended rural education and industrial training. The recommendations were adopted in 1925, Jeans School, Kabete opened to train artisans. In South Africa delivered a lecture used, keys of piano as image of racial harmony: “I don’t care what you know; show me what you can do. Many of my people who get educated don’t work, but take to drink. They see white people drink, so they drink too, imitate weakness of white people, but not their greatness. They won’t imitate a white man working hard. If you played only the white notes on a piano you get only sharps; if play only the black keys you get flats; but if you play two together you get harmony and beautiful music”
Dr Aggrey so much impressed the white settlers at public lectures his audience wildly admiringly exclaimed, “Damn his colour, he’s a saint.” His idea of education was “All inclusive” type, “Secular education” was abhorrent to him; education is full development of human personality. “Education,” he said, “Does not mean simply learning. it means training the mind, in morals hand helps to make socially efficient. Not simply three R’s but the three H’s the head, the hand and the heart.” He wanted all-round training for girls and boys “No race or people can rise half slave, half free, surest way to keep a people down is educate men, neglect the  women. If you educate a man you educate an  individual, if you educate a woman you educate family nation.” 
On University education, said it should combine the best of east with best of the west, the best of Africa with the best of Europe, Asia and America. “Encourage original thinking, encourage research, helps add to human knowledge. West Africa proved we get classics, theology, philosophy, masters in jurisprudence and dialectics. The question is, can we turn knowledge more and more into the service of common weal? Can we give back with interest what we received? I believe, we can. University Education is to prove what scientific training can do. University education should aim to give women, training co-education to subdue the earth. Training for character: that is Christian: Christianity not Church going.
In United States, greatly helped needy negroes at the mercy of money lenders by encouraging formation Co-operative Farmers’ Association, Farmers Unions Credit Union Banks, and agricultural enterprises to relieve negro’s financial embarrassment. On return to the Gold Coast, while a staff at Achimota, sought permission of Director of Agriculture and toured length and breadth of Gold Coast, preaching same ideals. The result was output and quality of farmers’ crop in twenties improved radically. As an advocate for inter-racial co-operation, Aggrey contributed to cause of peace. So his ideas based on bi-racial grouping, stood for civic pride, social betterment, taking pride in own race but seeking friendly relationship with all races. This was radical opposite view of ultra-racial group of thinkers of ultra-conservative school of intellectuals of Marcus Garvey described a great champion. Aggrey always urged his people to be proud of their race and colour. He believed they should remain distinct because of their definite particular contribution makes harmony of mankind. Amalgamation of no conflict, but co-operation is Aggrey’s ideal. He expressed example Piano Keys
“You can play a tune of sorts on the black keys, and play a tune of sorts on the white keys, but for harmony you must use both black and the white.”
 “True co-operation “involves certain measure of equality of opportunity, if not actual political status. It means each side has something to contribute more than braun one side, brain on other seek well-being of both.”

Aggrey noted for hundreds conferences attended, acted as president, secretary, leading member, represents university, sometimes church, sometimes Africa in
general. Too numerous to be listed, but a few mentioned: National Conference of Methodist Episcopal Church Foreign Missions Conference of North America, Kennedy School Mission Conference, School of Theology, School of Religious Pedagogy, Congregrational Missionary Society Conference, First Congregation Church of Jersey City Conference, And Eastern Union of Students Volunteers Conference, National Conference of Canadian students and International Convention of the Students Volunteer Movement Conference, and British West Africa Congress. Aggrey did not have everything smooth. He suffered many perils, but did his best to overcome them all. He escaped shipwreck October 17th, 1925, as he and Mrs. Aggrey sailed in SS “Cedric” for America. Earlier, July 1925, he experienced his real baptism of fire while away in Koforidua in Eastern part of Gold Coast during long vacation. “All things stolen including 9 suits, 25 shirts, trunks, brandnew suitcase and 6 pounds 11 shillings in cash. Left one old trunk and visiting cards, lost very heavily and never restored valuables stolen, much less those above value. I determined not to give up but moved on to success.”Big blow to him and his family, Aggrey, recorded the financial troubles, mortgaged house in America and furniture for 500 pounds mortgagor wished it redeemed; further related that to raise funds to redeem it, Aggrey sold his farm together with other property at a considerable loss lost over NC 3,400.00 on the transaction. But a man always in good spirits nothing depressed him and
had unexhaustible fund of wise saying, a few recorded as a matter of interest:
“I am proud of my colour; whoever is not proud of his colour is not fit to live.“Keep your temper and smile,” “that’s what Jesus meant when he told men to turn other cheek. “I have no time for revenge that’s not African “Some white people be transformed to negroes for a few days to feel what we feel and suffer what we suffer.” If I find a man scowling at me, I smile back. He scowls again I smile. I don’t find anyone scowl third time.” Some people go to war; we choose to love; some people hate we sing; some angry we take to laughter; some despair; we hope. Patrol bloodhound wants to get you, can’t run as fast as bloodhounds; what can you do, blacks? In darkest night when everybody despaired, we look and sang, long before our white brothers thought of airplane, ‘Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, coming for to carry me Home. I tell the southern people of America, with whom I lived over twenty years made contribution towards solving race problem and the civilization of Africa. They live side by side with us; know our faith, our loyalty, our honesty, sensitiveness; know things we prize most knowledge used for extension of God’s Kingdom”

“No first class educated African wants to be a White man. Every educated Negro wants to be a first class Negro, not third class European. Superiority complex is a tremendous mischief in Africa. If I am worried I go on my knees talk to God in my own language. Laughing is the way to go through life. It is the positive side of Christ’s law of peaceful resistance.”
I prefer to be a Spokesman for my entire country: Africa, my Africa.”
“You never beat prejudice by frontal attack because mere emotion at the root of it. Always flank it. You catch more flies with molasses than with the vinegar. I receive kicks from both sides – white and black. But all of that is in the day’s work. One needn’t be surprised.”Only the best is good for Africa.” Aggrey was a far-sighted man. Those who doubted his words lived to see the truth therein in the end. He compared Africa to the Sleeping Beauty, and asserted his confidence in her future that she would one day wake up to find herself very important in the comity of nations. This he put in a letter to Dr. Jesse Jones, a highly reputed American minister of religion and a great intellectual, who was Aggrey’s great friend. “It seems to me,” he wrote to Dr. Jones in September, 1919, “this is psychological moment for Africa. and I believe you are destined metaphorically to stoop down and kiss Sleeping Beauty Africa back to life from her centuries of sleep.” Dr. Jones confessed what Aggrey said seemed gross exaggeration to him; “they were fantastic imaginations of an emotional African. I believe in Aggrey, I could not share his forecasts.” But came to see Aggrey was right looking back on the gratifying results that followed the Commission, wrote; “In answer to my own doubts and in acknowledgement of my error, I here record that Aggrey’s dreams have come true with almost miraculous accuracy. Signs of the future indicate that they will continue in their realization until Aggrey’s Africa will take its place amongst the continents of the world.”Aggrey, for all his greatness, was a man of simple life even when the Headmaster of the most outstanding school in his time in 1895. He always washed his own clothes although his younger brother, Awir, “as soon as he began clerkship, employed a laundress.”
While in America as a professor, in spite of illness he preached four times every Sunday.“I did not want to disappoint the public, so I told sickness to hold off for a day, and Monday it returned with a vengeance.” He was a man full of humour, one whose sense of humour captivated and subdued the intentions of his enemies. Once, as Assistant Vice-Principal, at Achimota, he proceeded to Sierra Leone to represent the College at the Centenary Celebrations of Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone. The situation was delicate, but occasion important. Aggrey had many friends in Freetown, but some of these friends, and several others, (rightly) looked askance at Achimota. Fourah Bay College had long
occupied the pre-eminent position on the West Coast, its graduates were to be found everywhere in West Africa, and consequently it stood emphatically for the academic tradition in education, at least in West Africa. It was affiliated to Durham University in Great Britain. On the contrary, Achimota was not first nor second college in Gold Coast looked on as upstart; ideals unlike Fourah Bay ideals. Aggrey was expected to attend a conference at Fourah Bay College as a spokesman of a serious competitor Achimota. It was feared that he would be mobbed and killed. It required the tact, shrewdness, and intelligence, which could be Aggrey’s alone. He got up and started, “My case reminds me of a young girl who returned home from a party and told her father that a young man had kissed her. Her father said, “how many times did he kiss you?” She looked into his face and replied: “Father, I came to confess, not to boast.” He had come, Aggrey continued, “ not to boast of Achimota, but to confess what debt Achimota, Gold Coast, owed to Fourah Bay College. Fourah Bay College stands to the Gold Coast as the symbol of the African’s educational capacity.”  It is recorded that “after the speech every door and every heart was open to him”. Between November 19th and December 4th, he was called upon to deliver twenty-four speeches. Enough said so far of “Aggrey the Great” himself, and something now must be said about his family or private life. Aggrey was married to a young pretty and learned American negress, a Miss Rosebud Douglas of Portsmouth, USA and the wedding took place on November 8th, 1905, at Portsmouth. Within five years of marriage, three children were born to them, namely, Abena Azalea (1907), Kwegyir (1908), and Rosebud (1910). On 24th July, 1926 a fourth child was born, Orson Rudolf Guggisberg. Aggrey was a great lover of children, and took great pains to train his children, advising them on how to be careful in life his end was drawing near. Aggrey, a co-founder of Achimota College, first in many examinations he took; holder of  degrees of Master of Arts (Livingstone College), Doctor of Divinity (Hood Theological Seminary), Master of Arts (Columbia), Doctor of Philosophy (Columbia holder of many diplomas, joined staff of Achimota in July, 1924. He left for America in July, 1926, returned in November that year. Achimota (Gold Coast) his dream, was formally opened on 28th January, 1927, and in May that year he left for England and America once more, only to die on 30th July of pneumococcal meningitis.
His death was a sad but great affair; he was mourned in all the continents. Two thousand mourners, white and black, attended the service in the auditorium of Livingstone College. Bishop W. J. Walls conducted the service, and tributes were paid by many dignatories, including Dr. W.H. Goler, ex-President of the College, Professor Branley of Shaw University, Dr. Jesse Jones, Bishop W.W. Jones, Dr. George E. Davis of the State Department of Public Instruction, and Dr. S. G. Aikins, President of the Teachers’ College at Winston-Salem.

Birth: 1875, Ghana
Death: Jul. 30, 1927
New York, USA

Son of Kodwo Kwegyir Aggrey & Abna Andua, he was born in Anamabu, Ghana, West Africa.Married Rosebud “Rose” Douglass on November 8, 1905Father of: Abna Azalea (Aggrey) Lancaster(1907-1997)
Kwegyir Aggrey (1908-1986)
Rosebud Douglass Aggrey (1910-1990)
Orison Rudolph Aggrey (1926- )

The honorary pall-bearers were all white citizens of Salisbury: Mr. E.C. Gregory the exMayor, A.L. Smoot, Mr. J.M. McCorkle, Mr. A Buerbaum, Mr. W.H. Leonard and Mr. J.C. Kasler. In Europe, Africa, Asia, America and Australia similar ovations and last respects were offered in his honour: and in the Gold Coast (the land of his birth), every town and village observed his death by weeping and mourning.
For that was the physical end of the man everybody loved, the man who apparently never had an enemy, and the man whose talent and virtues were admired by all classes of the society.
The Aggrey Students’ Society, formed in April, 1928, in America and the Gold Coast, and the Aggrey House, Achimota (Ghana), together with millions of Africans and Europeans who admire his noble achievements will always make Aggrey immortal, and inspire those of later generations to further greatness.

Anomabo beach source:

Dr J E Kwegyir Aggrey is Special

By Professor Felix I D Konotey-Ahulu

‘Only the best is good enough for Africa. My people of Africa, we were created in the image of God, but men have made us think we are chickens, and we still think we are, but we are eagles. Stretch forth your wings and fly! Don’t be content with food of chickens’.  Dr J E Kwegyir Aggrey.
When, at dawn, 50 years ago on Independence Day, Kwame Nkrumah uttered the following memorable words, ‘A greater than Aggrey is here!’ few considered that statement a hyperbole. Admittedly, Nkrumah had had some ground prepared for him by yesteryears’ freedom fighters, and by the Big Five who invited him become the Big Sixth, to lead the struggle for Independence, but the way he rallied the population to achieve the seemingly impossible, namely the translation of Colonial Gold Coast into Self Governing Ghana, placed him in the history books. No mean Feat! However, the mere fact that Nkrumah found it necessary to link his achievement to the name of Kwegyir Aggrey, proved Kwame Nkrumah, held Dr Kwegyir Aggrey in greatest esteem.
Mount Everest. Ghanaian see, Kwame Nkrumah considered justifiably Mount Everest, Kwegyir Aggrey is delegated to Second Highest Peak in the Himalayas of national and international esteem. Inspiration-wise, Kwegyir Aggrey has no rivals, for Kwame Nkrumah inspired nations, Aggrey inspired internationals, including Kwame Nkrumah when he was a student at Achimota College. Read and see, New African Survey highly respected London-based international journal, New African, with a worldwide readership of more than 200,000 results of a 12-month long survey regarding who the readers thought were ‘THE 100 GREATEST AFRICANS OF ALL TIME’. The Editor asked readers to state why they voted as they did. Commenting on votes, and attached reasons show why they voted as they did, New African’s brilliant Editor Mr Baffour Ankomah, said ‘The total shows Nelson Mandela is No. 1 Greatest African of all time closely followed by Nkrumah ‘Ankomah says in some respect ‘results disappoint’ (New African August/September 2004, page 14). Readers voted 5 Ghanaians, 2 (Yaa Asantewa & Kwame Nkrumah) late Kofi Annan, Abedi Pele, plus myself in their list, giving their reasons for their choice -reasons published order of merit. As I read list I shared Baffour Ankomah’s disappointment wrote letter to Editor, published in very next issue, October 2004, page 4. Aggrey Of Africa surprised to find my name among “100 Greatest Africans of all time” more surprised Aggrey of Africa not mentioned at all, made me agree totally with comment (New African August/September 2004) ‘in certain respects the results are disappointing.’ I make two pleas: First, my name be replaced by Dr James E K Aggrey to write article for subsequent issue of New African to help the readers world-wide to realise why a great man called ‘Aggrey of Africa’, unknown by many today.  Felix I D Konotey-Ahulu, London, UK On page 50 of same October 2004 issue of the magazine, the Editor published article reproduced around date plaque was unveiled at Anomabo in honour of Dr Kwegyir Aggrey and others who made Ghana proud. The man Dr James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey the title ‘Aggrey of Africa’ but he was an early 20th Century phenomenon. I first heard of his name from my father many decades ago. Aggrey was born a mere 15 miles from Cape Coast, at Anomabo, in Ghana on 18th October 1875. His father was Prince Kodwo Kwegyir, chief linguist in the court of King Amonu V of Anomabo, and mother Abena Andua, was a princess of Ajumako. Aggrey’s father was also an expert goldsmith.
At 22, Aggrey left for the USA to pursue further studies. Racial prejudice, known then as ‘Colour Bar’ at its worst, went to ‘Negro’ Colleges. The Americans were surprised at his knowledge of English. A Mr H E C Bryant was to remark: ‘He is dark as dark, but very few in America can use English as he can.’ Aggrey took Masters in 1912, awarded a Doctorate of Divinity by Hood Theological Seminary. His sermons amazed white and black Americans alike. Married Rose Douglass African American Portsmouth, Virginia, on November 8 1905, and they had two girls and two boys [Abena, Kwegyir, Rosebud, Rudolph]. Orison Rudolph Guggisberg Aggrey, last born became a diplomat in the U S Foreign Service and worked in Senegal, Romania. Phelps-Stokes an American lady, Miss Caroline Phelps-Stokes, in her Will dated 1909, bequeathed $1 m (a huge sum in those days) to Trustees to be used mainly ‘on the education of Negroes, in Africa and United States, North American Indians, needy deserving white students. And so Commissioners appointed to do the groundwork, and Aggrey was included among all-white members. This enabled him to return to tour Africa twice in four years. Wherever he went, Aggrey was in demand to speak, advise, and preach. He found the ‘Colour Bar’ as vicious on his continent as in the USA, but he was remarkably equipped to deal with it. In the Belgian Congo, the governor left him out when he invited the Commission to dinner! In Angola, when Aggrey saw the treatment of the Portuguese masters to labourers in the forced labour gangs, he wept. In South Africa In South Africa alone, Aggrey addressed audiences 120 times. On one occasion when the hall was packed in Cape Town and Aggrey arrived, the white gate keeper refused to let him in. Calmly, and in a dignified voice, Aggrey said: ‘It is me they are all gathered to hear’. Still gate keeper was recalcitrant, while others filed past him into the hall, until the white chairman of meeting, becoming anxious, rushed out to look for Aggrey. He discovered he was being obstructed. Aggrey was given a standing ovation. In Pretoria, when he was trying to board train to lecture, he was pushed out, offered two professorships on the spot; one at Fort Hare, and the other at South Africa College. People listened to him with amazement. USA and Canada
before Phelps-Stokes Commission tour again of Africa, Aggrey lectured in USA and Canada. His ex tempore lectures followed by a series of questions, and once a Dutch South African minister shed tears of shame at the horrors of the race problem. It was during a lecture in Canada that Aggrey made one of his great statements: ‘Only the best is good enough for Africa’. Second Phelps-Stokes Commission In January 1924, Aggrey sailed from New York for England to join the Second Phelps-Stokes Commission to go to the places in Africa where they had not visited before – Abyssinia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika and Zanzibar, Nyasaland, Rhodesia, South Africa again, and the Gold Coast. After hearing him lecture on the second visit to South Africa, a white man exclaimed; ‘Damn his colour, the man is a saint!’ Fraser, Guggisberg, Aggrey Aggrey turned out to be a great educationist, just as he had wished when he was young. By an amazing stroke of fortune, he met two great white men with whom he co-founded Achimota College in Accra, the Rev A G Fraser and Sir Gordon Guggisberg, the colonial governor. Rev Fraser wanted best for Africa, Guggisberg, rare among colonial governors, recognised potential of the black man, and set about building Takoradi Harbour, Korle Bu Hospital, Achimota College School. Rev Fraser was Principal, and Aggrey was Assistant vice-Principal. Apparently the Colonial Office in London objected to making a black man vice-Principal in a college which was originally called Prince of Wales College. Aggrey’s Vision of Co-education It was Aggrey who persuaded Governor Guggisberg that the college should be co-educational. Aggrey said: ‘The surest way to keep people down is to educate men and neglect women. If you educate a man you simply educate an individual but educate a woman, you educate family.’He stressed education to encourage ‘original thinking, research, to help to add to human knowledge. We in West Africa prove we can get classics, theology, and philosophy. We are great masters in jurisprudence and dialectics. The question is turn sknowledge into service of common wealth. Original Thinking & Character Training shows
Aggrey held essential part of education was training the mind, encouraging good character, and being original. Aggrey could think on his feet. He was not a ‘by heart’ man; this was what most amazed his audience, both white and black. Lectures brilliantly given could be thought to have been carefully prepared for the sole aim of making an impression, but come question time after lecture, if he did not know what he would be quizzed on, Aggrey was even more brilliant in the lecture itself. His knowledge encyclopaedic. Co-operation in the right measure Aggrey believed in co-operation which involved equality of opportunity. ‘It means that each side has something to contribute – something more than brawn on one side, brain on the other – to the well being of both’. [Please read that again; I love it!] Hence his famous piano keys illustration on the badge of Achimota School. ‘You can play a tune of sorts on the black keys only, and you can play a tune of sorts on the white keys only, but for perfect harmony, you must use both the black and the white keys’, Aggrey said. The co-operation he was calling for between whites and blacks was not that between an ass and its rider. I always like to think of his piano keys illustration as depicting what he (black key) and Fraser and Guggisberg (white keys) managed to achieve in brings Achimota School about. Aggrey’s humility of the man’s humility too is worth mentioning, he took his fellow Fante, Rev Anaman, by surprise by polishing Anaman’s shoes when he spent the weekend with him. On a sea voyage to South Africa, a ship’s white steward insisted separating Aggrey from the white people by giving him his own table far away from every body, to embarrassment of colleagues, Aggrey later remarked: ‘They thought they were punishing me, but who else had a table all by himself?’ Aggrey’s Ambition for Africa Kwegyir Aggrey’s burning ambition for his continent – described as enigmatic, pointing out its shape on the map as posing a question of burning ambition is demonstrated in the following story he narrated. Read carefully: A certain man went through a forest seeking any bird he might find. He caught a young bird, brought it home, and put it among his fowls and ducks and turkeys, and gave it chicken’s food to eat. Five years later, a naturalist came to visit the man, and noticed the bird. He said to the owner; ‘Look here, this is an eagle, not a chicken.’ The man replied ‘Yes, you may well be right, but I have trained it to be a chicken. It is no longer an eagle; it is a chicken though it is enormous’. Said naturalist: ‘No, it is an eagle, it has the heart of an eagle, and I shall make it soar high to the heavens’. The owner comes back with a retort: ‘No, it is now a chicken, and it will never fly.’ They agreed to test it. The naturalist picked up the bird, held it up, and said loudly: ‘Eagle, thou art an eagle; thou dost belong to the sky and not down here. Stretch out thy wings and fly’, and with that he hurled the bird up. The eagle turned this way and that, and then looking down, saw the chickens eating, and came to join them. The owner said: ‘I told you it is now a chicken’. ‘No’, said the naturalist, ‘This bird is an eagle. I shall come back and prove this to you’. The exercise was repeated three times, with the same result. The bird always came back to feed with the chickens. The naturalist returned yet again, chose a hill, and held the bird aloft, pointing it to the rising sun, and shouted ‘Eagle! Thou art an eagle; thou dost not belong down here. Thou dost belong to the sky; stretch forth thy wings, and fly!’ The eagle looked round, trembled as if new life was filling it, and suddenly it stretched out its wings, and with the screech of an eagle, it mounted higher, and higher, and never returned. It was really an eagle, though it had been kept and tamed as a chicken! ‘My people of Africa’ Aggrey continued ‘were created in image of God, but men make us think we are chickens, and still think we are, but we are eagles. Stretch forth your wings and fly! Don’t be content with food of chickens.’ Opening of Achimota College Final Journey Achimota School was opened in 1927, and Aggrey went to USA lecturing, preaching, completing a book in Columbia University. He fell ill on 30 July 1927 from meningococcal meningitis in New York, and died very quickly. Great lamentation was made on both sides of the Atlantic. Tributes included that of one his best friends, Dr Jesse Jones. The honorary pall bearers who carried his coffin were all white citizens of Salisbury, USA – a real token of Aggrey’s influence in the community in days of ‘Colour Bar’. He is a Source of Immense Inspiration His ability to inspire Africans, especially Ghanaians never abated. There is an Aggrey House in Achimota, Aggrey Memorial Chapel, and the country has an Aggrey-Fraser-Guggisberg Lecture series. There is an Aggrey Memorial School, a Kwegyyir Aggrey Annual Prize Examination at the University of Cape Coast, linked to the Personal Distinguished Professorship graciously bestowed on me a Professor Samuel K Adjepong, Vice Chancellor. We must never forget Kwegyir Aggrey. Kwame Nkrumah’s statement ‘A greater than Aggrey is here’, history established Nkrumah a great judging not only from blow dealt Colonialism but from way he made Black Diaspora proud. African voters place Kwame Nkrumah second to Nelson Mandela, in their list of ‘ONE HUNDRED GREATEST AFRICANS OF ALL TIME’ indicating he is really great. James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey is rather special, inspiration lengthens with time: Apart from inspiring Nkrumah himself, Kwegyir Aggrey inspired and taught D A Chapman Nyaho, who inspired, taught K B Asante, who inspired and taught me Physics in Achimota School me, who (I’m told) inspired my students, who in turn are inspiring their students. Thus Kwegyir Aggrey’s inspiration chain progresses. His name is yet alive. Just GOOGLE Search the name ‘Kwegyir Aggrey’ on the Internet, and you find man marches on. Anomabo. It is most fitting, as reported by Ghana News Agency on Jan. 8 2007, that ‘Memorial plaques to honour 3 heroes of Anomabo great exemplary contributions made to country, be unveiled on February 24, by President John Agyekum Kufuor as part of the Golden Jubilee Celebration of nationhood. Dr Kwegyir Aggrey, the visionary philosopher and educationist, George Ekem-Ferguson, the celebrated surveyor, credited with the survey of the area that became the Gold Coast, and Nana Amoonoo V, the Anomabo chief, who led other traditional rulers in the Colony to sign the Bond of 1844’. We say ‘Ayekoo!’ to Anomabo Association and Traditional Area, Paramout Chief and other Chiefs for bringing this to pass. Gratitude of Kwegyir Aggrey’s Relatives in USA There are 4 surviving generations of Kwegyir, Rose Aggrey’s relatives living in USA today. Rudolph, the last of the 4 children is yet alive, and has one daughter Roxane Rose Aggrey not married. Middle children Kwegyir, Rosebud Douglass Aggrey no children. Abna Azalea Aggrey Lancaster, eldest of childen of Kwegyir & Rose Aggrey, had three girls Raemi Rosemarie Lancaster Evans, Carol Aggrey Lancaster Meeks, and Harriet Azalea Lancaster Graves [Generation-3 from Kwegyir Aggrey & Rose as Generation-1]. Raemi, married to Fred M Evans, and have a son Fred and daughter Janine [Generation-4] both with 2 children each [Generation-5] – Janine & Guanah Davis’ are Adria Marie & Lauryn Janine, while Fred & Evette Evans’ are called Kristen Maria and Fred Junior. Abna’s middle girl, Carol has a daughter Abigail who is married to Stewart Mitchell II, and they have just had another Generation-5 offspring, Stewart Mitchell III. Now, Harriet is married to Hubert C Graves, and have a daughter called Meredith Patrice Graves. I took note that Carol’s full name is Carol Aggrey Lancaster Meeks. Speaking to her on the telephone across The Atlantic, it was as if I felt the genetic acoustics of Aggrey of Africa percolating down the generations to me. They are all very, very, grateful that we in Ghana are remembering, in Golden Jubilee Year, Y/our beloved beloved James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey’s dearly beloved Rose. So am I.
BY:Felix I D Konotey-Ahulu, Kwegyir Aggrey Distinguished Professor of Human Genetics, University of Cape Coast, Ghana

 

LOVEFIRE POWER AT WORK

Prince+Harry+Marries+Ms+Meghan+Markle+Windsor+Ni8V9X8sdVVlLovefire power at work is so strong that when two people fell in love we all showed up to celebrate couple’s love sermon preached to congregation in St George’s Chapel during royal wedding  of Harry and Meghan is wonderful. Guest list includes Her Majesty the Queen and Prince Phillip, bride’s mother among variety of famous super stars. After opening remarks by Dean of Windsor, David Conner before the marriage vows officiated by Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, the assembled guests plus many millions watching on television around world, heard sermon delivered by American preacher Michael Bruce Curry the 27th Presiding Bishop and Primate of the Episcopal Church. The Gospel message of dwelt upon is that God is Love and those who love have God in then because God is love. Jesus told young lawyer to love others and show love to his neighbours.”The Most Rev Bishop Michael CurryThe Most Reverend Bishop Michael Curry is the first African-American presiding bishop and primate of Episcopal Church, gave the address titled Power of Love at the service in St George’s Chapel. He opened his speech with the words of Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr, who said: “We must discover power of love, the redemptive power of love. And when we do that, we will be able to make of this old world a new world. Love is only way.” The bishop added: There is power in love. Don’t underestimate it. Do not over-sentimentalize that there is power power in love. In Jeremiah 23:29, Bible says God’s word is like a fire consuming like a hammer breaking and smashing selfish enemies of God. The word of God is fiery dynamic force, active, energetic, powerful, mighty and shatters to pieces anything in its path contrary to God. So powerfully unleashes God’s unending love through Christ Jesus for mankind.

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Sheku Mas being in the running for title of Male Artist Of The Year along opera’s leading man Jonas Kaufmann, modern composer Max Richter, Pointless host Alexander Armstrong and Britain’s Got Talent 2017 winner Tokio Myers, Sheku scored a top 20 record his debut album Inspiration. Sheku, a former student of Trinity School in Nottingham rubbing shoulders with likes of pop megastars Taylor Swift and Ed Sheeran when he entere official UK charts at number 18 as well as topping the classical charts. Studying at Royal Academy of Music, in London, the Mapperley musician has remembered his roots and returned to his old Roman Catholic academy at the start of year to gift £3,000 to the school matched by another £3,000 from his record label Decca to help music tuition at the institute. Felt grateful to play cello during Harry and Meghan’s wedding.

IMG_20180521_122252“The Most Rev. Bishop Michael Curry  Bishop Curry told the service: “There’s power in love. Love helps to heal when nothing else can the power in love lifts up and liberates when nothing else will.” Such power is seen in the service, he continued, saying “Two young people fell in love and we all showed up.” The Episcopal Church is the US offshoot of Church of England and forms part of broader Anglican Communion. Meghan was baptised into the Anglican Church headed by Harry’s grandmother. It was important to reiterate power of love fire as it spreads like wild-fire. Those who love want the best for each other and so look out for best interest of others too. !3500 (1)Love is a powerful decision to make to show compassion, kindness or empathy in spite of toxic hatred to overcome its contamination. In the face of becoming a source of strength to endure lovefire power one needs strength from God of Love. It is possible to love by thoughts or actions God inspired easier through God in Christ. In the presence of all the congregation including a host of stars invited to join the happy couple in the chapel including US chat show queen Oprah Winfrey, and tennis champion Serena Williams, actor George Clooney and his barrister wife Amal Clooney, Sir Elton John, David and Victoria Beckham and actor Idris Elba and his fiancée, list too long to name all.3500 The Archbishop says: “In the presence of God, and before this congregation, Harry and Meghan have given their consent and made their marriage vows to each other so they declared their marriage by the joining of hands and by the giving and receiving of rings. I therefore proclaim that they are husband and wife.” The Archbishop joins their right hands together and said: “Those God joined together let no-one put asunder.” So the couple are now officially married and congratulations and God Bless all!!!Prince+Harry+Marries+Ms+Meghan+Markle+Procession+dGV9B2pH3jrlThis marriage ceremony was attended by numerous wellwishers, watched by millions all over the world to celebrate this living history modern integration of society. Lessons to be learnt from royal wedding between #meghanmarkle and #princeharry.

• She is biracial (i.e. black)
• She is a divorcée
• She is a child of divorced parents
• She was raised by a single mom
• She is slightly older than her prince
• She has had her own public platform
• Her father was in the tabloids recently
• Her mom is a beautiful black woman
• Pictures from her first wedding were plastered all over the media
• They met on a blind date370223

• Yet wholly welcomed by the Queen
• The world is celebrating her lifestory
• Her mom had tea with the Queen
• Prince Charles walked her down aisle
• She will be royalty the rest of her life
• Her children will be royalty
• I could be wrong but their wedding guest list might be the most diverse ever
• American blackman preached sermon
• Words#drmartinlutherkingjr#recited
• A black choir is singing “Stand By Me” at the wedding (so beautifully too!)
• She is a Princess!!! You NEVER know. Your story is NOT over. Don’t let your story make you feel unworthy. Don’t let your story cause you to settle for less. Don’t let your past dictate your future for with God all things possible. We give thanks and Glory to God in Jesus Name.4307 (1)

1. Attempting to use Meghan Markle’s marriage to Prince Harry and what she will become after today to explain how important it is for us to be connected to Jesus, be with him always and what the imputation of His righteousness means. God wants all people from all nations to have strong sense of belonging because we all have one father God. Humanity traces origins to the mitochondrial Eve and Adam in garden of Eden. This is the reason why people need to understand the earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof. Nobody owns earth because it belongs to Almighty God Yahweh. This means people are entrusted stewards of God in charge of allocation distribution to ensure fairness and justice. In God’s eyes people are precious and priceless.skynews-royal-wedding-crowds-fans_4314443

2. Some lessons we can learn from Meghan Markle’s life and story. Jesus imputes His righteousness on us to qualify or justify us to enter His eternal Kingdom after being born again, in a similar fashion, Meghan Markle will take Prince Harry’s rank and status whenever she is with him for all blood royalty below the Prince’s rank and status to bow and curtsy to her although she is not a royal by blood and cannot be called Princess Meghan. She is not a British, neither is she a Royal. She is an American. Her parents divorced when she was six years old. Her father is Caucasian and black mother. In spite of circumstances progressed excellently in her career championing female rights. The dream family member of musical prodigies performed at the wedding, emphasised hard-work paid off. Getting up at 4am travelling hundred miles for music lessons at academy of music.

TEACH THE CHILD


Teach your child to read from home before they start school so it will help the child enjoy school better. Many excellent learning tools, gadgets are available and various learning theories out there. However, some books are cluttered with chaotic information not suitable to help the child focus. For a personalized book of the child’s progress, create an own words book from child’s first single words to keep for child to use as scrapbook. Use a variety of coloured paper, cut to shape of alphabets for child to see words formed from their mind transferred onto paper. Teaching children art and crafts can become fun for everyone.There exists many reading schemes with top of the range sophisticated gadgets with music played along to calm the child. Some have preset buttons and computers to press to entertain the child while making learning fun. Whatever method is chosen by the parent, it is important to ensure it is suitable for child’s needs. Keep learning box safe, full of materials. Make learning fun, enjoy the process using lots of colouring pencils and pens. Cut out trousers, shirts, bags, shoe shapes etc. to make learning creative and attach them on a string with coloured pegs. A young child must never be left alone on computer for too long due to radiation or use workbooks to tutor themselves on their own. Even if child is perfectly behaved and trustworthy they still must be supervised. The child’s foundation stage is essential to learn to read so must never be left to chance. Set time aside to work together from 15 minutes to an hour depending on child’s level of development and spurt growth. Use notebook to correct words not understood or spelt correctly to be redone so child gets it. Use both big and small alphabet and teach number song, phonetics, rhymes, mnemonics. Present child with both letters of alphabet on one page as shown below.

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Next write each of the alphabets Aa to Zz in both big and small letters together with the numbers as above on A4 shown on page to teach child etymology of words. Sing alphabet songs many times until child can sing the song. Then point to each letter until the child masters various sounds of each alphabet. Point to each alphabet while singing the song again and again. This helps child identify each sound. Next boldly copy each single alphabet per A4 page e.g Aa on A4 page, then Bb per page page, Cc per page until last alphabet Zz per page at top centre of A4 paper. Go back to the original first page with Aa on A4 paper to continue to create dotted lines of each alphabet as shown here. 

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Write alphabets Aa and in dots per A4 page for the child so child learns both big and small alphabet together.After the child practices the alphabets check to see if child can write without the dotted lines on their own. Ensure child’s hands follow each shape of alphabets. Continue on next pages under the first letter Aa on A4 page write extra large font size of first letter Aa, well spaced out on first line. Write only one Aa and only one Bb per A4 page all the way to last alphabet Zz per A4 page. Keep it simple with one big and small alphabet for more focus on the alphabet. Add pictures to alphabet so child recognizes each letter on its own better. This makes reading and writing easier with distinctive alphabet image early stage of learning process.

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Write each alphabet, one at a time eg. Aa, Bb only per page of top page on A4 paper repeat alphabets of each letter. Proceed to hold the child’s hand with the pen/cil in hand together to trace and fill in dotted line alphabets written down. Only one written per page in small lower case letters beside bigger case letters. Lines are drawn under alphabet to write each alphabet many times. Sample dotted word is written on first line to help child grasp shape to write.

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Ensure motor skills are correct and child is taught direction motion of each shape of letter. The age to decide when to do both reading and writing depends on each child’s capability. Practice this writing skill until the child is ready to hold a pencil or pen to write. Hold the child’s hand with a pen/cil on paper and trace the alphabets. This helps child to better understand the flow and direction of writing depending on shape of letters from left to write on page or right to left depending on community.

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Each alphabet or word must be carefully explained with sound familiar to child. Write each alphabet from Again from Bb to Zz per page on A4 paper until pages filled many  times per line. Let child copy each alphabet on page by child’s writing pace until they master and remember each word.Remember some children are right or left handed so work with natural motor skills do not force them to change. A brain and hand to eye coordination direction depends on each child’s writing whether left or hand right handed. So use an age appropriate technique for each child as each child is different.

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To help the child master reach alphabet, let child try writing free style each alphabet without dotted to try to see if child can write on their own.  Some get process faster than others so work at child’s pace and at their appropriate level of learning alphabet. In addition, to the left or right hand movement, the child holds a pen according to each stage of development.So look out for suitable pencils, pens for both types of writing. Ambidextrous, amboverts or ambidextrose  children manage to write fairly easily with both hands. Work with child to determine exact appropriate writing. Some children may not be ready to read, write but creative in building things, moulding, origami style creativity. Observe child to identify reading interest to not leave too late as some children are moulded by 7 years cannot undo damage if not helped early. With computer addictive video games it is hard to get child to stop playing to start learning alphabets or numbers. Ensure a child reads or write first before allowed gadgets. After child writes alphabets increase letters from simplest to complex sounds blended phonetically. Words progress from single to longer words to put alphabets together with sounds.

For example start with i=I, me=m+e, my=m+y, if=i+f, be=b+e, we=w+e, go=g=o, to= t+o, do=d+o, it=i+t, by= b+y, us=u+s, up=u+p, on=o+n, so=s+o, no=n+o, of=o+f, oh=o+h, he=h+e, is=i+s. Then increase the alphabet after the child can spell the two letter word by themselves. Start with simple 3 letter words like:- you, him, her, she, our, all=a+l+l, bee, yes, top, more, sure.  A4 paper is a good memory document for child’s progress of learning stages. This works well as they are not distracted by games, adverts or irrelevant pictures in pre-designed books bought. The adult must cut out paper, keep scissors safe out of reach of children. Hope child genius progresses to Mary Poppin’s supercalifragilisticexpialidocious or to world’s longest 3 hour 189,819 letter word and scientific name for titan.

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Again repeat the process to copy each single number one only per page  from 1-100 on A4 page for early years stage. Repeat on A4 page top line 1 = one,  2 = two, 3= three, to 1oo = hundred. Write dotted number on each line to help child holding their hands for direction of flow of each number. Sing number songs to master number sound phonetics. Children are like sponges so absorb information. Adults must always supervise child to write or do activity safely. Create shapes from colour wheel colour clothes, cups, combs, paper cut to shape teach child it is easy to learn so item is pasted on A4 paper one alphabet per page or a number. Good success needs tons of affection, praise, reward, love, gentle correction, compassion, fun, remember once was child too!

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Create space for child’s personal learning materials. Take opportunity to train child to take out learning kits and tidy them neatly from 2+ years depending on ability. Work with child with soft books, hard book and graduate to writing skills. In a similar way the teach child various colours using edible fruits and fruit juice cups. Use a variety of teaching techniques suitable for child. Have a lot of patience, understanding, be firm, compassionate and endure sacrifice of taking time to invest in the child’s future. God will bless you for investment of teaching them. It is good to train a child in Godly way in the same manner pay close attention to the child’s learning to read. Be patient and tolerant to help the child learn one colour at a time.

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If the child is able to learn faster than average as a gifted child do not slow them down either. Each child is different so work with the way the child learns. God says’ my people perish for lack of knowledge. So early learning truth a child knows sets them free. Take the foundation years of a child’s learning very seriously  as this has an impact on their life. Buy simple sound teaching fun music accompanying colours or create your own simple method using coloured paper. Teaching a child does not have to break the bank. Use healthy natural food colours available safely to make edible play dough recipes to eat. Use children’s books or own recipes to bake natural healthy recipes, make fruit juices, blend fruit shakes. Education is easy if you know how.

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A child does not need too much information at a time. Bite size doses in a child’s scrap book. Some children grasp both colour and shape together. Never compare a child’s progress with another child in focus hoping to create competition enthusiasm. It creates sibling rivalry, bullying because it increases a child’s insecurity. It discourages child from doing well so feels in shadow of others. Each child is unique in own way so some are better calculators, readers or vice versa. For younger pre-school infants buy already made shape blocks to help the child’s understanding of shapes and sorting coordinating skills. Emphasis is on colour or shape first depending on child’s ability.

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Depending on child’s need it can be used to teach 3D shapes, traced or printed onto play dough as shown here. Be actively involved in child’s progress by pointing out spelling errors in love to help child correct grammatical mistakes. This is not cheating because God corrects those He loves. To let a child grow uncorrected is not good. Look out everywhere during nature walks, outings, journeys, to explore words, road signs, numbers, colours, science through everyday experiences. Do not depend on only marks in books from school classroom. Ensure the child can read to you personally and spell basic simple words for their own good. Individual differences mean one teaching style does not fit all. So what is good for a genius child may not be best for another child. Explore the child’s abilities and level of understanding. sorting+colors+70An adult must always supervise the child to write down or draw each activity and redeem the times so not to waste time. Redeem the times and be instant in season as a good soldier of Christ. Be disciplined to help the child manage time well to stop wasting time. Enjoy ball pools colours to celebrate fun activities as part of colours learning in early years. An unread child feels like living among people speaking language not understood. So words and signs seem like one is on holiday in another country unable to join to speak or understand basic conversation. It causes a child who cannot read or write to be timid, shy, afraid to make mistake.

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Frustrated, refuses to try as feels embarrassed so lacks confidence to interact in classroom. Traditional method keeps the child’s attention more on alphabets and numbers than influence child with ideas for shopping images in books at tender age. A child needs to fully comprehend numbers and alphabets on their own before attached to adverts. Ensure child’s eyes tested, if dyslexic use bright colours, big bold letters, paper cut outs or practical learning skills. Make sure child eats, rests and sleeps well. A parent is child’s first teacher so do not feel untrained, unequipped to teach. With God all things are possible.