Diamonds and golds are a variety of the precious fine elegant jewellery items of everyday or special occasion celebrated. Western Europeans value diamonds as investment of great significant interest to them. Gold and diamond gemstones exhanged plus slaves sold for cowries or empty bottle glass beads during slave trade in Africa. Europeans travelled to the Maldives to harvest cowries filled with ships to West African Coast as currency for trade. The glass bottles are shipped to West Africa, grinded for making beads in exchange for the diamonds, gold and the slaves. A bizarre exchange took place whereby two waste products as cowrie shells and empty glass bottles recycled to Africa in exchange for gold, diamond and slaves. A deeper reflection of precious priceless treasures of gold, diamond and slaves in unfair exchange of cowry, glass bottles.The slave traders shipped thousands of barrels of glass, crystal and coral beads to Venice in Italy into West and Central Africa. Broken glass bottles melted used to make beads for exchange of African captives. English East India Company imported millions of the cowry shells to Europe sold in Africa by slave traders. Slave traders exchanged gold shells of certain species historically used their currency in several parts of the world. Used in the past is presently extensively used in jewelry and other decorative or ceremonial purposes. Cowry shell is most used worldwide as a shell money. Liverpool controlled 80% British slave trade and over 40% of glass bottle beads from Italy, cowries from Indian Ocean.Shell money medium of exchange is like coin money or other commodity money used in many parts of the world. Shell money consisted of whole or partial sea shells worked into beads by shapes. Use of shells traded by commodity exchange valued body ornaments. The distinction between beads, commodities as money debated by economic anthropologists.Some kings recruited women of Agoji to fight as an army of 4,000 women who battled against Europeans. West African Yaa Asantewaa in Ashanti, Gold Coast now Ghana and Kingdom of Dahomey between 17th and 19th centuries fought. These brave women who fought against slavery and colonialism. Lupita Nyongo went to Benin to explore army’s legacy.More than 1 billion tonnes of ivory has been taken by Western countries over a thousand years from Africa. But after independence they ban Africans from benefitting from ivory trade destroy by burning or crushing high-profile events in 21 countries around the world. Kenya and others forced to burn ivory in each country destroy 105 tonnes (231,000 lb) of ivory by fire so not funding projects.Precious gold was exploited by Western G7 countries which continue to own the mines all over the world. They brought bottles and cowries exchanged for gold and slaves exported to work in mines Brazil, South Africa among others. This underdeveloped African without them investing in people to own resources.Shell money in exchange for glass beads in America, Asia, Africa and Australia. The most familiar the wampum created by the indigenous peoples of East Coast, North America. Ground beads cut from purple marine bivalve shells. The shell used worldwide as currency is the shell of Cypraea moneta money cowry. Beads exchanged for gold and slaves or diamonds and cowries. Cowry species abundant in Indian Ocean was collected from the Maldive Islands, in Sri Lanka, along the Malabar coast in Borneo and other East Indian islands and African coasts from Ras Hafun or Mozambique. Cowry shell money traded by networks of Africa, South Asia, and East Asia.The first European nation in Transatlantic Slave Trade was Portugal in mid to late 1400’s. Captain John Hawkins made first English slaving voyage to Africa 1562 reign of Elizabeth 1. Hawkins made three journeys in six years. He captured over 1200 Africans sold as goods in Spanish colonies in Americas. British traders supplied slaves for Spanish, Portuguese colonists in America. British settlements in Caribbean North America grew in wars with European countries as Holland, Spain, France, British slave traders supplied British colonies. The British ships took part in the Slave Trade in the 245 years between Hawkins voyage or abolition of Slave Trade in 1807. British merchants despatched over 10,000 trips to Africa for slaves. Merchants in other parts of British Empire sent out a further 1,150 voyages. Portuguese, British, France, Spanish, Dutch Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Sweden, Norway all sold slaves as the Arabs sold slaves for centuries. The Arabs used cowry as Cypraea moneta. A print from 1845 shows cowry shells used as money by Arab traders. And in Western Africa shell money legal tender until mid 19th century. Before abolition of slave trade, large shipments of cowry shells sent to English port’s reshipment to the slave coast. The shells of Olivella nana a sparkling dwarf olive sea snail harvested from Luanda Island used as currency in Kingdom of Kongo. Al-Idrisi in mid-twelfth century described a King of Ghana tethering his horse to the huge gold in his palace taken by whites like a similar but lesser size gold in Australia. Abundant gold in South Africa cause the apartheid the bad treatment of blacks in their own motherland. Gold Coast now Ghana became finished because of gold. Black history deals with injustice issues of African suffering despite gold riches.Mansa Musa I from 1280 – c. 1337 was the tenth Mansa, translated as “sultan” “conqueror” or “emperor” of a wealthy West African Ghana, Guinea, Songhai Mali Empires. Mansa Musa, the Malian emperor was richest person in history with so much gold he is noted in ancient maps. He caused inflation in Egypt by giving away too much gold with 60,000 people entourage each carried gold bars he gave as gifts on his journey to Mecca.
They were traded north in the Kingdom of Benin. In Kongo called nzimbu, zimbo or eli in Ghana. The value of the cowry was much greater in West Africa than in the regions from which supply obtained so trade extremely lucrative. Some cases of gains said to be 500%. Use of cowry currency spread inland Africa. About 1850 German explorer Heinrich Barth said widespread in Kano, Kuka, Gando and Timbuktu. Barth said in Muniyoma one of ancient divisions of Bornu, king’s revenue estimated at 30,000,000 shells, with adult males paying annually 1,000 shells for himself 1,000 for each pack-ox, 2,000 for each slave in his possession.Countries on the coast fastened together shells in strings of forty or one-hundred each twenty strings represents a dollar. In interior laboriously counted one by one or, if the traders were expert, five by five. The districts mentioned above received supply of kurdi, as called, from the west coast. The regions to north of Unyamwezi, where they were in use under the name of simbi, dependent on Muslim traders from Zanzibar. The shells were used in remotest parts of Africa until early 20th century now use modern currencies. So other shells of large land snail Achatina monetaria cut i circles with open center used as coin in Benguella, Portuguese West Africa.Cowry shell medium of exchange early to mid-nineteenth century slave trade neighbouring local regions wore beads or sold abroad. Strange monetary value of cowry, empty glass bottles exchanged for slaves, gold and diamond in empires of Medieval West Africa, Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. David C Conrad, 2010 in book Juvenile Nonfiction said, Al-Idrisi, wrote in 1154, describing a natural gold nugget in the king’s palace is so big the reins of the king’s horse were tied to it. The African countries no longer use the reycled bottles from Western world it’s a problem their tons of waste no longer shipped to Africa. Africa still extension of Europe uses tons of local bottle waste to make glass beads so continues today. The debate continues why the European slave traders duped the Africans with a cowry and empty glass bottles for gold, diamonds, gems. And above all humans created by God worth of priceless value commoditized and dehumanised. Black history month focuses attention on this past treatment of black slaves and then abolishing slavery. Modern slavery and past issues of retribution, reparations, compensation for slave descendants is pending for justice. Bible says, Eye has not seen, ear heard or entered heart of man things God prepared for those who love Him in 1 Corinthians 2:9. God says HE will deal with injustice. Seek God in Christ Jesus to help supply your needs.
Revelation 12:1-2 sign in the heavens among signs and wonders predicted to precede Coming of the Messiah Jesus. It is written in the Bible that “A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head. She was pregnant, and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth.” The planetary alignment, representing ‘the Lion of the tribe of Judah’ will make this sign part of birthpang pain in times of the Rapture.” Daily Express’s sources says passage refers to Second Coming of Jesus Christ towards beginnings of the Rapture. On September 23, 2017 the sun and moon in Virgo, Jupiter representing Messiah appeared. Daily Express report says, Rapture end-time event Christians will ascend to heaven at Second Coming of Christ in the cloud as associated with Revelation 12:1-2 sign’s constellation.One astronomer points to stars of Virgo and Leo along with the wandering stars planets in similar alignment in the past: September 24th of 1827, September 6th 1483, September 5th of 1293, September 14th of 1056, the Sun, Moon, wandering stars planets in Virgo, Leo constellation. Star and planet aligned on September 23rd2017 not rare as some people would lead you to believe. It is absolutely not a one time event in 7,000 years. Apparent star and planet alignment on September 23rd 2017 not fulfillment of Revelation 12:1-2. This star or planet alignment on September 23rd 2017 was not a sign of the impending Rapture of the Church. The Church is not promised any sign to predict EXACT DATE OF THE COMING OF JESUS or a sign in heaven on EXACT time Rapture will take place. Jews and believers of Church of God are to have faith in God’s Word on Rapture from the Bible. Believers in Church not promised signs in heaven announcing the TIME Rapture WILL take place. Only God knows the time not Jesus or Angels.In Rapture Jesus takes His people ALIVE into heaven or the dead in Christ says 2 Corinthians 5:6-8 “we are confident and know while we are at home in the body we are absent from the LORD. We are confident and willing to be absent from the body to be present with the LORD.” The Jews always looked for signs for the fulfillment of prophecy in 1 Corinthians 1:22-23, “Jews require a sign as Greeks seek after wisdom: But we preach Christ crucified; to Jews a stumblingblock and to Greeks foolishness. Jews expected the Messiah to rescue them from the Roman oppression. When Jesus didn’t free them from Roman oppression was rejected as the Real Messiah. So Jews did not realize they needed a Saviour not just freedom.They were given a sign of their need for a Saviour but missed Jesus. The Jewish people need Saviour as Isaiah 7:14 says, “The LORD HIMSELF shall give you a SIGN; A virgin shall conceive and bear a son Yeshua call His Name Immanuel God with us.” The Rapture of the Church is imminent so can happen before the prophesied 7 year Great Tribulation and Scriptures teach GREAT-TRIBULATION Rapture of the Church. The Church is mentioned many times in the book of Revelation before GREAT TRIBULATION begins in Revelation 6. But not once is Church mentioned in Great seven-year Tribulation in Revelation 6-18. So seven-year GREAT TRIBULATION is for Israel not the Church in Christ. In seven-year’s GREAT TRIBULATION God deals with Israel as prophesied in Daniel 9:27. The second half of the GREAT TRIBULATION seven-year Tribulation is for Israel to be the given final chance to be redeemed. Seven-year Tribulation time of testing is for Israel and unbelievers left behind in the Church. So Church in Heaven before 7 year GREAT TRIBULATION begins. The Rapture of the Church is predicted by a star or planet alignment of September 23rd 2017. The star planet alignment on September 23rd 2017 was not a sign of Second Coming of Jesus to Earth. Jesus gives timeframes of events happening before His Second Coming. A prophecy of seven-year Great Tribulation takes place before Second Coming of Jesus. Jesus says Abomination of Desolation in Temple in Jerusalem takes place before His Second Coming on earth in Israel.Abomination of Desolation peaks in the middle of seven-year Great Tribulation Bible says in Matthew 24:15-16 “When you see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel prophet, in the Holy Place, whoso reads understand Then let those in Judaea flee into mountains:” Shows Jews to flee to wilderness during Abomination of Desolation in a last half of 7 years Tribulations in Revelation 12. Revelation 12:6 “The woman Israel fled into wilderness, where she Israel in the place prepared of God feeds her Israel for a thousand, two hundred threescore days [three, one-half years].” Jesus tells us immediately after GREAT seven-year Tribulation is over the signs in heavens signal His Second Coming. Its different to observed stars and planets aligned on September 23rd 2017. Then Sun eclipsed in darkness, Moon not give light, stars will fall from heaven. Matthew 24:29-30 “Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: Then shall appear the SIGN of SON of man in heaven and all tribes of earth mourn and they shall see SON of man COMING in CLOUDS of heaven with POWER and GREAT GLORY. Jesus will descend on Mount Olives in Israel on a WHITE HORSE to begin a 1000 year Millennial Reign on Earth with all lsaints returned from heaven.Seven-year GREAT TRIBULATION events from heaven comes before the Second Coming of Jesus. Alignment of stars and planets on September 23rd not a sign of Second Coming of Jesus. The seven-year GREAT TRIBULATION prophecy, Daniel and John not taken place yet. If Rapture takes place today, the Second Coming is prophesied for that seven-year GREAT TRIBULATION. Jesus said, the world has already tribulations because so many anti-Christs at work since time of Jesus. Jesus said in Matthew 24, KIND OF EVIL UNSEEN BEFORE, NEVER AGAIN AFTER GREAT TRIBULATION will happen. God said for the sake if HIS ELECT HE WILL SHORTEN THE EVIL DAYS OR NO ONE WILL SURVIVE FOR ALL WILL PERISH. THANKS be to God HIS MERCY, GRACE to not wipe out humanity again. Noah’s flood didn’t change mankind so turned WORSE than before GOD REGRETTED making mankind in Genesis 6:6. God is heartbroken by mankind behaviour. In Genesis 19:24 God destroys Sodom and Gomorrah to warn but nothing changed so felt its futile to consume mankind. So FREEWILL CHOICE is given IN CHRIST to all humans to decide destination to be with God in Christ or forever perish. This is why JESUS IS THE SIGN to decide destiny of all mankind FINALLY by free choice the decision belongs to people to make. Then God’s WRATH will unfold in Christ Wrath of the sickle winepress. It is the final selection process of God used to RESTORE EARTH TO PERFECTION as God originally planned before sin DNA. Star planet alignment September, 23rd 2017 was not a sign of end of the world. Many people believe the hidden planet heads to destroy the Earth is Planet X or Nibiru. So think Planet X will appear on September 23rd to destroy Earth. This is contrary to Scriptures as the Earth will be destroyed and replaced by God in the future in 2 Peter 3:9-13. Revelation 20:4 says, “I saw thrones and those sat upon them and judgment was given to them. I saw souls of those beheaded for witness of Jesus and for the word of God and not worshipping the beast or his image, not received his mark on foreheads or in their hands. They live and reign with Christ a thousand years. In Revelation 21:1 “I saw a New heaven and a New earth: for the first heaven and first earth passed away; and there was no more sea.” Earth will not be completely destroyed until after a 1000 year reign of King Jesus on this Earth. A Thousand year reign comes after the seven-year GREAT TRIBULATION. End of the world at least one thousand and seven years away from star and planet alignment on September 23rd 2017 so not the SIGN of the end of the world. Revelation 12:1-2 prophecy is fulfilled in Israel. Prophecy alignment of star’s, planet on September 23rd 2017 although symbolic yet no man Christ or angels knows EXACT TIME OR THE DAY AND HOUR EXCEPT GOD.Revelation 12:1-2 says there appeared a great wonder in heaven; woman [Israel] clothed with sun, and moon under her [Israel’s] feet, upon her [Israel’s] head a crown of twelve stars [twelve tribes of Israel] And she [Israel] being with child [Jesus] cried, travailing in birth pain is delivered.” People claim the woman of Revelation 12 is Church which did did not give birth to Child, Jesus. Israel gave birth to Jesus by Virgin, Mary chosen by God represents Israel from line of David the woman clothed with Sun, and Moon under her feet crowned by twelve stars, like dream Joseph had about his family. The Sun, Moon and stars as described in Revelation 12:1-2 like Joseph’s family in Genesis 37:9-11, Sun represents father, Jacob renamed Israel by God in Genesis 32:28. Jacob is father of 12 Jewish men named founding fathers of nation Israel in Genesis 49:1-28 on old Israel maps. Dream of Joseph Moon represent Rachel the mother of Joseph who gave birth to two founding fathers of Israel and rest of founding fathers of Israel. The Eleven stars in dream of Joseph represents the eleven brothers and founding fathers of Israel. So in Revelation 12:1 twelve stars include Joseph added to eleven brothers to make a crown of twelve stars. Twelve sons of Jacob first governing leaders of Israel. Twelve apostles held governing positions in the judgments of Israel in Matthew 19:28. Jesus is “Child” a woman Israel gave birth to will govern whole world from Israel in a Millennial reign in Isaiah 9:6. The Sun, Moon and eleven stars bow to Joseph, type of Jesus in Old Testament. Every knee shall bow before Jesus in future in Romans 14:11. Israel is the woman travailing to birth the Child Jesus in Revelation 12:2 Israel prophecy. Jesus the Saviour in Isaiah 66 and Micah 5:1-3 and Isaiah 66:6-7 “A voice from the City Jerusalem, a Voice from temple, a voice of the LORD renders recompence to enemies. Before Israel travails and brings forth; before her pain comes to deliver a man Child Jesus Messiah.”God says in Revelation 12:1-2 Israel, the woman gives birth to Jesus the Saviour. In Revelation 12 Israel will face so many problems in 7year GREAT TRIBULATION satan tries to destroy Jesus birth, dragon old serpent, satan tries to destroy Israel in the seven-year Great Tribulation. God protects Israel from a total annihilation Tribulation. KING Jesus comes to rescue Israel in Battle of Armageddon stated in Zechariah 14. Revelation 12:1-2. And so alignment of stars or planets September 23rd 2017 not Rapture dates. Revelation 12:1-2 fulfils stars and planets, the Sun, Moon signs in Genesis 1:14-16. The Sun, Moon, stars represent God’s promise to preserve and protect nation of Israel in Jeremiah 31:35, 36. A star led three wise men to Jesus after His birth in Matthew 2:1-11. Sun, Moon, stars will be signs of Second Coming of Jesus, Matthew 24:29, 30; Luke 21:25-28; Revelation 6:12,13 as God planned. Stars, planets God knows them all by name in Psalms 147:4. Jesus is pictured as the Sun in Malachi 4:2, the Morningstar in Revelation 22:16. Planet Jupiter identified Jesus as Daystar in 2 Peter 1:19-21. The Scriptures say do not worship stars or use forms of astrology, Isaiah 47:13, 14. Do not seek advice of a fortune teller or guided by a horoscope form of satan worship. Do not practice astrology it is evil in God’s Sight but the study of astronomy GLORIFIES God who created stars, planets. Astronomy is the scientific study of stars, planets, moons, or other objects in space. Science of the Bible is 100% correct filled with the true astronomy facts of God. But satan tries to corrupt astronomy science of planets named after false gods. God names the stars and constellations in the Bible. The planet or star constellation God created controls stars and planets in Colossians 1:12-18. God created and placed stars in constellations represents many patterns Isaiah 13:10. The stars or constellations used by God sends message to mankind, warns not to use stars contrary to Bible to gaze in them to READ, PREDICT MIND OF GOD. Scripture says purpose of stars of God sends messages to save mankind.Psalms 19:1-6 “To chief Musician, Psalm of David. The heavens declare GLORY of God; and the firmament show HIS handywork. Day to day utter speech and night to night show knowledge. There is no speech or language, their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to ends of Earth. In them HE set tabernacle for the sun as bridegroom coming out of his chamber rejoicing as strong man to run a race. HIS going forth is from ons end of heaven and HIS circuit to ends of it: and there is nothing hid from heat thereof. Star constellation Virgo better named Israel given birth to King Jesus. Leo better named the Lion of Tribe of Judah, Jesus is Lion of the Tribe of Judah. Sun like Jesus Bridegroom will Come to get His Bride, the Church. God’s creation points to God’s stars and paint beautiful pictures all sees. Church is not promised a message in stars of Rapture taking place. Rapture happens in God’s TIMING Only God knows Rapture TIME when trumpet will sound for Church: 1 Corinthians 15:52 “In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye at the last trump the trumpet shall sound and the dead shall rise incorruptible we shall be changed to glorified body for heaven. Repent and believe in Jesus, SIGN OF GOD, COMING IN CLOUD IN RAPTURE as your personal Saviour in God. To be in heaven Rapture or to face Hell Lake of Fire. Ask Jesus to save you from all penalty of sin, do not trust your own good works to save you, only work of Jesus on the Cross saves. In seven stars angel’s seven churches and seven candlesticks seven churches all in Jesus’ Hands of authority in Revelation 1:20. In Daniel 12:3, the wise shine like brightness of heavens so those who lead many people to God in righteousness do shine like stars forever and ever. They are fruits of righteous Tree of life wisely to win souls for Saviour in Isaiah 53:11. Jesus calls ministers, leaders of church, believers “stars” in Christ saving souls.Some said in April 2017 to get ready for Rapture. But Armageddon Battle Report called it bogus celestial bodies not in the predicted position of doomsday rapture. The position of planets on April 23, 2018 echo language in Bible Revelation 12:1-2 passage used to PREDICT DATE. Experts dismiss claim alignments as it happened every 12 years. Conspiracy theory said it refers to Virgo woman in Greek, Roman gods in astrology so not science. Events transpired on 100th anniversary of signs in the sun by Lady Fatima in 1917 and in Nigeria 2017. Culminate in astronomical event on the 100th anniversary of great miracle of Fatima sun “dance” and other heavenly sign events witnessed by many thousands. Constant reports claim “end of world is nigh” forgetting we heard it all before. A “little burned out by 2012 end-of-Maya-calendar debacle outlets,” Daily Express calls them according to BibleGateway.com. Some say the reason is the least of many reasons the earth is on the verge of Rapture. Jeremiah 10:1 gives instruction to all to hear the words the LORD said to house of Israel and all nations. 2 The LORD says learn not ways of heathen dismayed at signs of heaven. Revelations 12:1-2 SIGN not responsible for alignment of Nibiru orbiting sun in long eccentric orbit report by NASA but keeps popping up in doom forecasts. In latest prediction Nibiru to pass by Earth this October, causing volcanic eruptions as gravity of this massive world disturbs our own. Nibiru is implicated in all sorts of planetary trouble as far back as 1995, of predictions to collide with the Earth. NASA reassures no giant rogue planet in outer solar system role of Nibiru. Artists impression of a rogue Nibiru Planet X astronomy popularizer Neil deGrasse Tyson tackled subject back in 2009 and addressed claim Nibiru disturbance of planetary alignment of Earth and sun at center of galaxy December 21, 2012. Yet conspiracy website did not say that this alignment happens yearly on December 21, Tyson said left out account referred to doomsday prediction work of fiction.”Some people may argue “Planet Nine,” a hypothetical large world disturbances in the Kuiper Belt is Nibiru. Again NASA emphasized no Planet Nine exists and if it does disturbing only small, icy objects far from the Earth. Existence of distant world theoretical no direct observation made,”on web page Planet Nine NASA, makes no mention collision encounters with Earth. “Mathematical prediction of a planet explain unique orbits of objects in Kuiper Belt,” agency noted, but that’s far from home way beyond the orbit of Neptune. The sky arrangement is totally wrong as Jupiter is in Libra all day and night on April 23, while moon between Leo and Cancer. The sun, out of view, Jupiter and moon in sky by Pisces. None of those bodies in Virgo but astrology is not real science. So, safe in saying there will be no apocalypse on April 23. On a cheerful note, since world is not ending this month best to file taxes at weekend planned, paper states. Devil’s purpose is against the Christian Church and Jewish remnant so comes to nothing. Rapture is resolved upon Abraham’s seed believers in Christ. The Church is gathered by God of Gentiles and holy members in Christ to be saved. The True Vine Jesus grafted branch saved into heaven. In Revelation 12:18 mighty tempest rushed on whole world. Prince Jesus stop flood provoking nations in furious anger driving them to destroy Church of Christ’ holy members. The providence of God resists attempt to save the favoured Church of Gentiles so the dragon is thrown down by Michael cast down, forever defeated and bound 1000 years. The Revelation 12:1-2 SIGN points to God’s 70 years sealed endtime prophecy to Daniel now being fulfilled in Christ Jesus in all nations on earth. It is first to Jews then to all the nations. If God chooses to use comets, hailstones or asteroids and meteroids, Nibiru as HIS weapons of mass destruction that has happened many times in the Bible. And places on earth hit by such objects from space. Some are tracked by NASA others elude them. God will use objects in the end time to annihilate HIS enemies.
HIBM Editorial by Avi Goldstein * Star Alignment Of September 23, 2017 Is Not A Fulfillment Of Revelation 12:1-2 Prophecy! said is Jesus Second Coming
New River gorges in flatland as rainfalls persists Ana Risatti woke to an ominous roar outside her home. Thinking noise was continuation of night’s downpour, she stepped outside to look. “I nearly fainted when I saw what it really was,” said Risatti, 71. Instead of falling from sky, the water she heard was rushing down a deep gully it carved overnight beyond wire fence around her home. Sudden appearance of a network of new rivers in Argentina’s central province of San Luis has puzzled scientists, worried environmentalists and disheartened farmers. It raised urgent questions over the environmental cost of Argentina’s dependence on soya beans export crop.Ana Risatti: ‘I nearly fainted when I saw what it really was.’ Photograph: Uki Goñi for the Guardian. “The roar was terrifying,” said Risatti, remembering that morning three years ago. “The land had opened up like a canyon. Water was pushing through far as I could see. Huge mounds of earth, grass and trees were being carried along the water surface.” The ravine carved its way dramatically across Risatti’s farm that night is grown to 15-miles (25km) long. Deepest point measures more than 60 metres wide and 25 metres deep. The largest several new water courses, the Río Nuevo (New river) runs through Cuenca del Morro, a groundwater basin mild incline covers 373,000 hectares (nearly 1,500 sq miles) of flatlands in San Luis province. Until early 1990s, Morro basin a patchwork of water-absorbing forests and grasslands, but mostly gone, replaced by maize and soya beans. Argentina’s transformation into a soya bean powerhouse resulted in widespread deforestation to make way for the crop, now covering 60% of the country’s arable land. Some 2.4m hectares of native forest lost in the last 10 years, according to Greenpeace.Esteban Jobbágy: ‘Argentina is a banana republic so soya bean is new banana. As Esteban Jobbágy, environmental expert at University of San Luis, said a sudden appearance of new rivers is due to the convergence of three factors: “Number one, rainy years in recent past climate has been changing. Next, the nature of the soils are quite unstable. Third, this watershed is hosting a lot of agriculture the first time. Argentina is world’s third largest soya bean producer after US and Brazil and accounts for 18% of global production. In 2016, combined exports of soya beans, soya meal and soya bean oil made up 31% country’s total exports. “Argentina is a banana republic, soya bean new banana, says Jobbágy without soya bean our farms could not survive and the country couldn’t survive.Unlike deep-rooted forests replaced that absorbed large amount of groundwater all year round soya bean has short roots and grows a few months of the year. So caused aquifer beneath Morro basin to rise, increased speed of subterranean flow in turn triggering collapse of area’s permeable soil. Around 2008, farmers started to report appearance of shallow run-off channels, but in last five years, pace of erosion quickened dramatically those streams became deep trenches. Climbing down side of the new gullies, Jobbágy claws at cliff wall and a clod of soil dissolves in his hand. “It’s basically dust,” he says. “When it gets soaked, it is really unstable so what looks like a solid becomes liquid. So humble river moves a lot of sediment despite the relatively gentle incline,” Jobbágy explains. That leads to a second problem for farmers: sometimes entire fields downstream disappear overnight when rivers dump layers of sediment as metre (3ft) thick.Alberto Panza this used to be totally flat pasture land.’ Photograph: Uki Goñi for the Guardian. Alberto Panza, a 41-year-old cattle rancher is one of few holdouts refusing to lease land to giant soya-bean conglomerates that largely replaced Argentina’s small farmers. Driving his battered pick-up truck along a dirt road, Panza remarks how deserted land looks today: no longer gauchos Argentina’s cowboys riding bareback through fields. Farmhouses are demolished to open up more land to lease to soya producers. So many farmers live in city,” says Panza. “It’s easier to move out and lease your land to company than to farm yourself.” Arriving at his ranch, Panza walks into land described as a Martian landscape. In the middle of a field, a giant canyon more than 60 metres wide, 25 metres deep drops abruptly away, slow current of water at the bottom. Panza’s farm cut in two by canyon. This used to be totally flat pasture land, he says. An electricity pole lies on its side on the river bed, its cables still attached to poles standing on the other side. Because the river keeps changing course so unable to build a bridge or a path across water to reach the other side of his land. With less than one third of Morro basin left covered in forest or grasslands, nearly half devoted to soya and maize government of San Luis has finally stepped in to try to save the basin from becoming a river delta.The Río Nuevo carves out a canyon. The government after new water courses started controlling outskirts of the city of Villa Mercedes and two major roads that carry international overland trade between Argentina and neighbouring Brazil. At San Luis office of the National Institute for Agricultural Technology (Inta), 3 scientists Claudio Sáenz, Juan Cruz Colazo and Mario Galván studying the Morro basin for the last 10 years. So partly due to their efforts, the province passed emergency law in 2016 obliging landowners to preserve 5% of farms as forest, pasture, plant water-consuming winter crops if land not used for soya bean. The government tells so far about 60% of farmers in the basin have made a commitment to meet the obligations,” says Galván. But is just a grain of sand, cautions Sáenz. Loss of small farmers compound problem agri-conglomerates have little incentive to rotate crops or preserve sustainability of the soil, he said. “If a plot is unusable, they simply move on to lease another area, leaving the owners to deal with the problem. It’s a system that not only erodes the soil, it also erodes the agricultural know-how of landowners.” Jobbágy spends much time on the field, measuring flow of the new rivers, trying to chart their ever-changing courses and developing links with the few remaining farmers. “Many landowners very volatile link with their land,” he says. “With the demolition of so many farmhouses, the soul of the land is being lost. As long as the system works, all is fine. But when nature rears up and says: ‘Enough!’, it becomes a very difficult situation to reverse.”
- This story published with support of European Forest Institute and Lookout Station EFI’s new initiative connecting journalism and science around the topic of climate change
Jews and Gentiles are one in Christ Jesus grafted together in covenant with the God of Abraham as a promise to bless all nations on earth. Old and New Testament shows Jews and Gentiles called to live as disciples of Lord Jesus. In Christ there is no Jew, Gentile, slave, free male or female only brethren in the Kingdom of God. During Passover and Easter this unity in Christ is celebrated to reaffirm the Messiah’s death burial and Resurrection. As earth’s population celebrate the Passover or Resurrection Sunday miraculous event’s redemption remind us of the close spiritual bond of Jews and Christians. Celebrations are God’s deliverance from despair of slavery and from despondency of sin. The Passover and Resurrection Sunday shed light on deep roots of Judaism and Christianity representing Supernatural hope in God in Christ’s love for His people. Celebrate this sacred season with family, friends, as Christians United for Israel together share Godly love with joy and peace. So our unity is a sign of our unconditional love for God and each other. Israel’s GREAT COMMISSION Blesses all nations of earth by freewill. All who bless Israel are blessed but all who curse Israel cursed in GENESIS 12:1-3. So 1 Now the Lord said to Abram,“Go forth from your country, from your relatives from your father’s house, To the land which I will show you; 2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing; 3 And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed” in Genesis 12:1-3.1 God Chose to bless Abraham and all his descendants2 above other nation,3 not because of prominence or powerful pious4 or faithful after being chosen.5 God Chose to bless Abraham’s seed as testimony of His grace to bless and channel blessing to “all families on earth in Genesis 12:3. God’s blessings gifts of HIS grace not earned. Blessings belong first to Israel as a gracious gift shared with others. The stewardship of God’s gift than matter ownership.6 God made it clear the land of Canaan did not belong to Israel but BELONGS to God: So Land reclaimed because Land Belongs to ME you are foreigners residing with me in Leviticus 25:23. God removed the Canaanites from the land because of sin He does the same to Israelites if defiled the land by committing the same sins.7 God’s blessings poured out on Abraham and his descendants so that His chosen people could be instrument God blesses the world through. This blessing comes to through nation Israel as blessings to Gentiles. The Israelites relate to other nations through blessing to them. But do not confuse Canaanites and Gentiles. Distinction between Gentiles Canaanites is important as Israelites possess land of Canaan God commands HIS people to annihilate them: 14 Israel is blessed beyond all peoples with no barrenness among them or livestock after 60 CE/AD 60,000 Roman soldiers obliterated once thriving Jewish towns, none allowed to escape the Roman sword except two men. In 60 CE/AD 60,000 Roman soldiers led by General Vespasian destroyed this Jewish towns. The untouched ruins are the awful price paid in human terms of Magdala, Gamla, in north suffered same fate as Jerusalem prophesied by Jesus, and Masada. Th commander of Jewish Resistance in Galilee Yosef Bar Mattityahu escaped slaughter in Yodfat became historian Flavius Josephus. He wrote 4 books to fill in historical gaps from 0-100 CE/AD like New Testament. Standard text of His Antiquities XV111, 63 contains the most famous passage:
“About this time lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man achiever of extraordinary deeds was a teacher of those who accept the truth gladly. He won over many Jews and many of the Greeks as Messiah. Indicted by principal men and Pilate condemned Him crucified, who came to love Him did not cease to do so; for He appeared on third day restored to life, as prophets of God foretold these countless marvelous things about Him. Tribe of Christians named after Him did not disappear to this day. At Passover we rehearse Exodus 12. “And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on lintel of the houses where they eat it. I will pass through the land of Egypt that night and will strike all the first born in the land…Now the blood shall be for you a sign……when I see the blood, I will pass over you…Keep it as a feast to the LORD throughout your generations…Exodus 12:7,12,13. Those believe instructions of Moses obeyed and took action by putting blood of the lamb on door posts and lentils of their humble homes, not all did. Obedience of God after long journey, nation of Israel was born at Sinai and given her Charter of Rights; The Ten Commandments. Let all Christians who say they worship Jesus, LISTEN and OBEY his warnings and admonitions. Remember when you are blessed, you are blessed through Israel, chosen and called to walk before you. Christians are grafted into Christ true olive tree. Israelis saved love God and Jesus’ truth revealed. Jesus returns their first born son and Messiah. “And I will pour on the house of David and on inhabitants of Jerusalem Spirit of grace and supplication: so they shall look upon Me whom they pierced. Yes they will mourn for Him as grieving for a firstborn…Zechariah 12:10. No one can say to the other’ I have no need of you…1 Corinthians 12:21. So Christians pray for willingness to see Jesus through His roots in Jewish people and in His home-Land, Israel. Do not be high minded but fear God …Romans 11;19 Jews and Christians pray for each other so grateful for the millions of dear believing Jews and Christians. Jew and Gentiles grow in wisdom understanding and favour with God and man. So pray and ask LORD God to help during season of Jesus’ Sacrifice. 15 The LORD protects from sickness and will not experience the terrible diseases known in Egypt instead God inflicts it on all those who hate you. 16 You must destroy all people whom the LORD your God is about to deliver over to you so do not pity them or worship their gods for that is snare to you in Deuteronomy 7:14-16. Book of Deuteronomy talks of treatment of Gentiles and of Canaanites by God. To distinguished Gentiles from Canaanites HIS instructions to Israel is to confront people and cities possessing the land of Canaan. Canaanites lived in the nearby cities but Gentiles lived at a distance: 10 When you a approach city to wage war against it, offer it terms of peace. 11 If it accepts terms and submits to you all the people in it become your slaves. 12 If do not accept terms of peace to make war with you lay siege to it. 13 The Lord God will deliver it over to you and you must kill every single male by the sword. 14 The women, little children, cattle all else in city plunder for yourselves as a spoil. Take from enemies so plunder what the LORD your God gives you. 15 You are to deal with all cities located far from you that do not belong to the nearby nations. 16 Cities the LORD God gives you as inheritance do not allow a single living thing to survive. 17 Instead you utterly annihilate them, the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, Jebusites as the LORD your God commands you, 18 So not to teach you abhorrent ways to worship gods so causing you to sin against the LORD God in Deuteronomy 20:10-18. God ordered annihilation of Canaanites not for living nearby but because of idolatory. Those Canaanites contaminated them with sin so had to be exterminated. Idolatry sin plunged them into depths of depravity like Sodom and Gomorrah so children, animals contaminated to be destroyed.8 Jews after victory became complacent, arrogant, self-righteous, despising the Gentiles. Eager to see all Gentiles perish, as Jonah wanted Ninevites destroyed so opposed extension of God’s grace to the Gentiles an attitude that persisted in the New Testament times:“We are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners in Galatians 2:15. This is not attitude of unbelieving Jews, its deeply embedded in the hearts of the apostles, seen from Peter’s resistance to Gentile’s home in Acts 10 and reaction of fellow-apostles to preach gospel to them.9. The Old Testament, New Testament Gospels, Acts, Jews made no distinction between Canaanites pagan or Gentiles. The Jews lumped Gentiles as not deserving God’s blessings. Self-righteous arrogance the Pharisee in Jesus’ parable in Luke 18: 9 Jesus told parable to some confident more righteous so look down on others. 10 “Two men in the temple prayed, one a Pharisee and other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee: ‘God, I thank you I am not like other people: extortionists, unrighteous people, adulterers or like this tax collector. 12 I fast twice a week; I give tenth of everything I get.’ 13 The tax collector, stood far off, would not look up to heaven beat his chest and said, ‘God be merciful to me a sinner. 14 I tell you this man went home justified than the Pharisee. All who exalt self will be humbled, but who humbles self is exalted in Luke 18:9-14. Jew and Gentile must acknowledge they are unworthy sinners made righteous by salvation in Christ. Paul’s words in Romans 2 says Jews more responsible and accountable to God because of greater knowledge of Old Testament Scriptures. And so Paul’s attitude after conversion on the road to Damascus changes his pride, arrogance in Philippians 3:1-6 to humility, sinner, saved by grace alone: 12 Grateful to God strengthening him in Christ Jesus our Lord, because considered faithful as put in ministry, 13 though once blasphemer persecutor, arrogant treated with mercy acted ignorantly in unbelief, 14 LORD’S grace abundant, brings faith and love in Christ Jesus. 15 Trustworthy so deserves full acceptance for Christ Jesus came in the world to save sinners and the worst of them! 16 Was treated with mercy: so as the worst, Christ Jesus demonstrates His utmost patience, as an example for those going to believe in Him for eternal life in 1 Timothy 1:12-16. Paul himself as chosen vessel for salvation he a devout Jew and example as “chief of sinners,” completely unworthy of salvation. God saved him to show ones like him could be saved. No one is beyond the reach of God’s grace. Paul is a trophy, not of self-righteous works but divine grace. God arranged Abraham and his descendants be a blessing to the whole world.
Law Provides: Gentile Converts
In law of Moses, God made provision for foreigners who embraced Israel’s faith to worship with the Israelites. So before Israelites left Egypt, God’s instructions says foreigner could participate in the observance of the Passover: 48 “When a foreigner lives with you and wants to observe Passover to the LORD, all his males must be circumcised, approach and observe it, and he will be like one born in the land but no uncircumcised person may eat of it. 49 This law applies to native-born or foreigners living with you in Exodus 12:48-49.10 The foreigner wants to participate in celebration of Passover can be circumcised to enter a covenant relation with Israel’s God. It is not physical circumcision an issue it is a circumcised heart that matters most to God. It is important to distinguish God’s inclusiveness to draw unbelievers to church inviting them to participate in worship and ministry. God provides a way Gentiles enter Israel’s worship but participation requires Gentiles to fully embrace by faith the God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Jesus as the one TRUE God, the Creator of all things, God alone. One cannot participate in Israel’s worship without first embracing Israel’s faith in God. It is not surprising God permitted foreigners to participate in celebration of Jewish holidays as Feast of Booths:9 Moses wrote down law given to the Levitical priests, who carry ark of the Lord’s covenant, and all Israel’s elders. 10 He commanded them: “At the end of 7 years appointed time of cancellation of debts, at Feast of Temporary Shelters, 11 when all Israel appears before the LORD your God in the place HE chooses, you must read law before them to their hearing. 12 Gather the people – men, women, and children, the resident foreigners in your villages so they hear and learn to fear the LORD your God and carefully obey all the words of this law. 13 Their children, who have not known this law will hear and learn to fear the LORD your God for as long as you live in land by crossing the Jordan to possess in Deuteronomy 31:9-13. The foreigners invited together with Israel hear reading of law learn to fear God. In the law, God instructs Israel concerning sacrifices, sin offering, atonement of sin for unintentional sins of Israel and for unintentional sins of the foreigners who embraced Him as their God: 22 “‘If you sin unintentionally and do not observe commandments spoken to Moses 23 all the LORD commands by the authority of Moses from day the LORD commanded Moses and your future generations 24 if anything done unintentionally without knowledge of the community, the whole community must prepare a young bull burnt offering for pleasing aroma to the LORD with grain and drink offering, a male goat for purification offering. 25 The priest makes atonement for whole community of Israel to be forgiven, if it was unintentional brought offering, an offering made by fire to the LORD, their purification offering before the LORD, for their unintentional offense. 26 And whole community of Israelites, the resident foreigner who lives among them will be forgiven, since all people involved in unintentional offense’” in Numbers 15:22-26. Contact with people of God results in faith of Gentiles.11 For some of Egyptians believed and entered into God’s blessings with Israelites. At the time of the exodus, some Egyptians feared word of Moses, saved their cattle, and midwives saved the male born sons while others did not.12 Some attached themselves to Israelites, accompanying them to the Promised Land. Jesus is the Ultimate Sacrifice for sin superceding the annual sacrifice of sheep and goats.
13Israelites first entered land of Canaan, along with foreigners worshiping God in 2 groups: half on Mount Gerizim half on Mount Ebal as Moses instructed in Deuteronomy 27:1-8:30. So Joshua built altar LORD God of Israel on Mount Ebal, 31 as Moses, LORD’s servant commands Israelites. Moses said, make altar with uncut stones untouched by iron tool, offered burnt sacrifices and sacrificed tokens of peace. 32 In the presence of Israelites, Joshua inscribed on stones a duplicate of the law written by Moses. 33 All the people, rulers, leaders, judges standing on either side of the ark, in front of Levitical priests who carried the ark of the covenant of Lord. Both resident foreigners, native Israelites were there. Half the people stood in front of Mount Gerizim, other half in front of Mount Ebal, as Moses LORD’s servant instructed to do for a blessing ceremony. 34 Joshua read aloud all the words of the law, including blessings or curses, written in law scroll. 35 Joshua read commandments Moses gave before whole assembly of Israel, women, and children, resident foreigners who lived among them in Joshua 8:30-35. Temple built to facilitate prayers and worship of both Israelites and Gentiles. I find it interesting Solomon dedicated temple to facilitated prayers and worship of the Israelites. A place of prayer for Gentiles to worship God of Israel: 41 Foreigners who do not belong to your people Israel, will come from a distant land because of your reputation. 42 When they hear great reputation and ability to accomplish mighty deeds, they will come and direct prayers towards this temple. 43 God listened from heavenly dwelling place and answer all prayers of foreigners and all nations of earth acknowledge your reputation, obey you do to people of Israel recognize this temple I built belongs to you in 1 Kings 8:41-43. Old Testament prophets spoke of Coming of Messiah as a source of blessing for the world, and not just for Jews alone: 3 No foreigner who is a follower of the Lord should say, ‘The Lord will certainly exclude me from His people.’ Eunuch should not say, ‘Look, I am like dried-up tree. 4 This is what the Lord says: “The eunuchs who observe MY Sabbaths and chooses to please ME and faithful to MY covenant, 5 I will set up in MY temple as MY walls monument better than sons, daughters. I set up permanent monument for them that remains. 6 As foreigners become followers of the LORD and serve HIM, love name of the LORD as HIS servants, observe Sabbath so not defile it, faithful to MY covenant 7 I will bring them to MY Holy Mountain make them happy in temple where people pray to ME. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices accepted on MY altar, for MY temple known as the temple all nations pray in Isaiah 56:3-7. Our Lord was disturbed by way temple misused in His time to exclude Gentiles: 12 Jesus enters temple area and drove out all those who selling and buying in the temple courts, and turned over tables of money changers and the chairs of those selling doves. 13 And He said, “It is written, ‘My house is called house of prayer but turned into den of robbers Matthew 21:12-13. And Isaiah and prophets said salvation of all Gentiles is through Coming Messiah: 1 “Arise! Shine! As your light arrives! The splendour of the LORD shines on you! 2 For, look, darkness covers the earth and deep darkness covers nations the LORD shines on you; HIS splendour appears over you. 3 Nations come to your light, kings to your bright light in Isaiah 60:1-3. 18 “I hate deeds thought, so coming to gather nations, ethnic groups will come witness My splendour. 19 I will perform a mighty act among them send all who remain to nations to Tarshish, Pul, Lud, Tubal, Javan distant coastlands who did not hear or see my splendour. To tell nations of my splendour. 20 They will bring all your countrymen from all nations as offering to the LORD. They will bring them on horses, in chariots, in wagons, on mules, on camels to MY HOLY Hill Jerusalem,” says the LORD, as Israelites bring offerings to the LORD’s temple in pure containers. 21 And I will choose some as priests and Levites,” says the LORD. 22 “As the new heavens and the new earth I am about to make will remain standing before me,” says the Lord, so your descendants and your name will remain. 23 From one month to next, from one Sabbath to next, all people will come to worship me,” says the LORD (Isaiah 66:18-23. 21 Divide land for yourselves among the tribes of Israel. 22 Allot it inheritance among yourselves and for foreigners who reside among you who fathered sons among you. Treat them as native-born among people of Israel; they will be allotted inheritance with you among tribes of Israel. 23 Whatever tribes the foreigner resides in there you give him his inheritance,” declares the sovereign Lord in Ezekiel 47:21-23.
Jews A Light to Gentiles, World
Abrahamic Covenant in Genesis 12:1-3 says nation Israel is a source of blessing to Gentiles. Israel is called to be a “light to the Gentiles but because Israel failed to accomplish this mission so our Lord came in the flesh to fulfill that mission. Israel’s purpose is to be a “light to the Gentiles in definition in Isaiah 58. So 6 this is kind of fast God wants to remove sinful chains, to tear away ropes of the burdensome yoke, to set free oppressed, to break burdensome yokes. 7 To share food with the hungry to provide shelter for homeless, oppressed people. When you see someone naked, clothe him! Do not turn back on own flesh and blood! 8 Then your light will shine like sunrise; your restoration quickly arrives; your Godly behavior will go before you, and the LORD’s splendour will be your rear guard. 9 Then you will call out, and the LORD will respond; you will cry out and he will reply, ‘Here I am.’ Remove the burdensome yoke from you and stop pointing fingers and speaking sinfully. 10 You must help the hungry and feed the oppressed so your light will dispel the darkness, and your darkness will be transformed to noonday. 11 The LORD will continually lead you; HE will feed you in parched regions. He will give you renewed strength like a well-watered garden a spring continually producing water. 12 Your perpetual ruins will be rebuilt; you will reestablish the ancient foundations. You will be called, ‘The one who repairs broken walls, the one who makes the streets inhabitable again in Isaiah 58:6-12.14
Israel’s “fasting” ritualistic observances an offense to God because heart of true worship was lacking. First chapter of Isaiah said Israel continued to perform religious rituals practiced and failed to defend orphans or care for widows.15 True fasting not a temporary period of self-denial unbridled self-indulgence, true fasting is love for God and love for one’s neighbour. True fasting seeks the liberation of those in bondage including oppression by men and bondage to sin. True fasting not denying self food for a time without bread given to someone in desperate need of it. Its to deny oneself empty self for Holy Spirit of God to take over.16 Sabbath is kind of fast set aside the pursuit of personal pleasure to have time to delight in the LORD.17 Caring for poor and oppressed not Old Testament obligation: Pure and undefiled religion before Father God is to care for orphans and widows in misfortune, keep oneself unstained by the world in James 1:27.
Old/New Testament Evangelism
Evangelism in the Old Testament from evangelism and New Testament is: Old Testament evangelism says, Come and New Testament evangelism says, “Go.” 3 Nations come to your light kings to your bright light in Isaiah 60:3. 18 Jesus came up and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth is given to Me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. Remember, I am with you always to the end of age in Matthew 28:18-20. In the New Testament Jesus invites sinners to come to Him for their salvation.18 in Old Testament, Jonah is commanded to go preach to Gentiles. In Old Testament Gentiles joined Israelites as Rahab and Ruth did by prophets in Israel as Naaman the leper did, came to Jerusalem and temple Solomon built in 1 Kings 8:41-43. Old Testament lesson, is Gentiles drawn to land of Israel, blessed find favour with God. So Old Testament law facilitated Gentile evangelism by making Israel the haven for foreigners.
Law Says Israel’s Light Bearing
Old Testament law includes foreigners among Israelites shown charity. When you gather in the harvest of your land, you must not completely harvest the corner of your field, and you must not gather up the gleanings of your harvest. You must leave themfor the poor and the foreigner. I am the Lord your God in Leviticus 23:22. In Leviticus 19, the Israelites were instructed to love their fellow-Israelites: “You must not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the children of your people but you must love your neighbor as yourself. I am the Lord in Leviticus 19:18. In Leviticus 19, Israel commanded to love foreign neighbours as themselves: 33 When a foreigner resides with you in your land,you must not oppress him. 34 The foreigner who resides with you must be to you like a native citizen among you; so you must love him as yourself, because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God in Leviticus 19:33-34. The parable of the Good Samaritan in Luke 10 in the light of both of these texts. The lawyer seeks to put Jesus to the test by asking what he must do to inherit eternal life. Jesus responded by asking this lawyer what the law required, to which he replied, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and love your neighbor as yourself” in Luke 10:27. The lawyer ill at ease seeks way out asking Jesus to define term “neighbour as Leviticus 19:18 but Jesus pressed further, to the definition of Leviticus 19:33-34. So his neighbour was in need, or a foreigner like Samaritan. Fellow-Jews in great need so act neighbourly to enemies so Old Testament allowed Israelites to minister to needy Gentiles as required. The foreigner is vulnerable members of society, widows and orphans so widow without husband so defend, protect her, provide for her and orphans, parents, and foreigner with no legal standing or rights, vulnerable in distant lands. Old Testament law, this should not have been the case for a foreigner who lived in Israel. The law assured foreigners the same legal standing as the Israelite:
Both a foreigner and native citizen, I am the LORD your God says Leviticus 24:22. 19.16 You judges pay attention to issues of fellow citizens, judge fairly with one citizen or another resident foreigner. 17 Do not discriminate in judgment, but hear lowly and great not intimidated by human beings, for judgment belongs to God. If matter adjudicated too difficult bring to me for hearing in Deuteronomy 1:16-17. Gentiles come to faith “coming,” to Israel Old Testament draws Gentiles to faith not drive away as unworthy heathens. If obeyed, draws Gentiles to Israel and to faith if people of God live in obedience to God’s law so prosper: 1 “If you indeed obey the LORD your God and careful to observe commandments given you today the LORD your God will elevate you above all the nations of the earth. 2 All these blessings will come to you in abundance if you obey the Lord your God: 3 You will be blessed in the city and blessed in the field. 4 Your children will be blessed, as well as the produce of your soil, the offspring of your livestock, the calves of your herds, and the lambs of your flocks. 5 Your basket and your mixing bowl will be blessed. 6 You will be blessed when you come in and blessed when you go out. 7 The LORD will cause your enemies who attack you to be struck down before you; they will attack you from one direction but flee from you in seven different directions. 8 The LORD will decree blessing in your barns and in everything you do, HE will bless you in the land HE is giving you. 9 The LORD designates HIS Holy people as promised you, if you keep HIS commandments to obey HIM. 10 Then all the peoples of the earth will see you belong to the LORD, and they will respect you. 11 The LORD will greatly multiply your children, the offspring of your livestock, and produce of your soil in the land HE promised your ancestors to give you. 12 The LORD will open HIS good treasure house, the heavens, to give you rain for the land in its season and to bless all you do; you will lend to many nations but you will not borrow from any. 13 The LORD will make you the head and not the tail, and you will always be up at the top and not at bottom, if you obey commandments urging you today to be careful to do. 14 Do not turn from all commandments I am giving you today, to the right or left or pursue other gods to worship them in Deuteronomy 28:1-14.
If Israel lived in obedience to God’s law, He promised to bless them greatly. An obedient people means a prosperous land. In the law, God commanded the Israelites to set aside some abundance to minister to needs of poor, Gentiles foreigners poor. Gentiles will be safe, secure in land of Israel not oppressed or victimized, as immigrants in the world. The law required Israel treat foreigners with respect and as people with same civil rights. Israel like all nations to be a place of prosperity, generosity, safety to Gentiles gravitated. Those who “came” to Israel and found salvation like Rahab, the harlot, believed God was with Israel. She joined Israel not own people saved physically and spiritually.20 Ruth too came to faith in the God of Israel, and thus attached herself to Naomi and her people.21And then there was Naaman, the leper, who was also the commander of the Syrian army. He came seeking a cure for leprosy and left believer in God of Israel.22 Naaman did not remain in Israel but returned to Syria, took some Israelite soil with him.23 Gentiles who attached themselves to David like Uriah the Hittite in Israel, married an Israelite woman, one of David’s most competent and trusted warriors.24 Other Gentiles attached themselves to David.25One is favourite one Ittai the Gittite:.19 Then the king said to Ittai the Gittite, “Why should you come with us? Go and stay with new king, for you are a foreigner and exile from your own country. 20 It seems you arrived yesterday, today should I make you wander around by going with us? I go where I go. But you go back and take your men with you. May genuine loyal love protect you!” 21 But Ittai replied to king, “As surely as the Lord lives and as my lord the king lives, wherever my lord king is, whether dead or alive I will be as well!” 22 So David said to Ittai, “Come along.” So Ittai the Gittite went along, accompanied by all his men and dependents with him (2 Samuel 15:19-22.
Like Ruth, Ittai the Gittite remains with David not desert him. David made Ittai the Gittite commander of one-third of his forces going out against Absalom.26. A Gentile came to Israel as queen Sheba, recorded in 1 Kings 10, not poor and not oppressed woman of great means heard of Solomon’s wisdom and wealth drawn to Israel into Jerusalem: The queen of Sheba heard fame of Solomon and his relation to the name of the LORD, she came to test him with hard questions in 1 Kings 10:1. Solomon an exceedingly wise man, whose wisdom came from the LORD.27 Queen of Sheba presented difficult questions to Solomon, wisdom in responss surpassed reports that drew her to Jerusalem in the first place, she acknowledged work of God in his life: 6 She said to the king, “The report I heard in my own country about your wise sayings and insight was true! 7 I did not believe these things until I came and saw them with my own eyes. Indeed, I didn’t hear half the story! Your wisdom and wealth surpass report to me. 8 Your attendants, who stand before you at all times and hear your wise sayings, are truly happy! 9 May the Lord your God be praised because he favored you by placing you on the throne of Israel! Because of the Lord’s eternal love for Israel, he made you king so you could make just and right decisions.” 10 She gave the king 120 talents of gold, a very large quantity of spices, and precious gems. The quantity of spices the queen of Sheba gave King Solomon has never been matched (1 Kings 10:6-10).
God set Abraham and offspring Israel apart for blessing so a source of blessing to the nations. God did not set Israel apart to save Jews but send them to rest the world. Israel sey apart is blessed so in turn become a channel of blessing to the nations. Salvation of Gentile, Rahab, Ruth, Naaman, and other Gentiles not meant to be viewed exception. Drawing Gentiles to Israel to faith is the rule not exception. God did not call Israel into existence to be a “reservoir”of all God’s blessings, to store it for themselves and share sparingly at their discretion. So Israel is a “river” of God’s blessings to pass through His chosen people to the other nations. Jesus condemns all those purposed to build bigger barns to hoard God’s blessings; so become distribution channels for gospel to be conveyed to those perishing. 16 He told a parable: “The land of certain rich man produced an abundant crop, 17 so he thought to himself, ‘What should I do, for I have nowhere to store my crops?’ 18 Then he said, ‘I will do this: I will tear down my barns and build bigger ones, and I will store all my grain and my goods. 19 And I will say to myself, “You have plenty of goods stored up for many years; relax, eat, drink, celebrate!”’ 20 But God said to him, ‘You fool! This night your life will be demanded from you, but who will get what you prepared yourself?’ 21 So it is with all who stores up riches for self, but not rich toward God in Luke 12:16-21.28 Like Israel of old, we are not owners of God’s blessings but stewards of God’s blessings. Do not hoard God’s blessings,29 bury them,30 or sell them for profit.31 We are to give freely.32 To do otherwise of all God entrusts to us is deceive ourselves we are blessed so we are better deserving than others. God’s blessings are the manifestation of His grace not of our goodness. The Christian life is relay race to pass the baton on in order to win. A runner sprinting ahead of his competitors passes baton to next member of his team. The only way to win race is to pass on blessings God has entrusted to us. The blessings of God are not for the elite, but for those who are in great need and know it. Jesus was criticized for associating with sinners than catering to elite, His response was simple and direct: 11 When Pharisees saw this they said to his disciples, “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?” 12 When Jesus heard this he said, “Those who are healthy do not need a physician, but those who are sick do. 13 Go and learn what this means: ‘I want mercy and not sacrifice.’ For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners in Matthew 9:11-13. Queen of Sheba was drawn to Israel to observe wisdom of Solomon for herself, most came to Israel in desperate need.and they knew it. God’s law made special provision for weakest, neediest, most vulnerable segment of society: widows, orphans, and foreigners. Focus on the foreigners is a matter of heated debate in countries displacing them. Millions of dollars raised in America and elsewhere to foreign missionaries to places so they proclaim the gospel. If leading to faith in Christ lead fellow-countrymen too to faith as well and the foreign students. If those who came to the U.S. as students met Jesus Christ as Saviour through the witness of faithful Christians who reach out during their stay tudents separated from home, families and culture often curious learn about American culture, and religious beliefs. Open door families in our church with volunteers working with International Students. There are opportunities for many more to build relationships with foreign students. So Texas, California, Arizona, New Mexico, states near Mexico after destruction of twin towers in New York City on 9/11, feelings run strong about problem of immigrants. No simple political or legal solutions for problem but confident the vast majority of visitors, peace-loving people wish to provide a livelihood for themselves and their families, greatest need is a Saviour. Foreigners in our country are a field “ripe for harvest,”33 Old Testament law instructs we should respond to them and needs. As light to our neighbours involves sharing good news of Jesus Christ. Need for a Saviour is man’s greatest need so meeting this need, address physical needs of those hungry or poorly clothed. Care for their physical needs open door for meeting greatest need. Jesus preached gospel; He fed hungry and healed sick. We should do no less. We pray God strengthens us to obey Him and help our neighbours in Jesus Name to Glory of God. Gentiles in turn bless Israel applying golden rule of loving one another. The Jews and Arabs living side by side in Israel since 1978 as a small community of Wahat al-Salam, Neve Shalom – meaning “oasis of peace” was founded by 4 families of Jews and Arabs on a hill-top between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. In pioneering experiment peaceful co-existence within long-term Middle East conflict. Four decades on, it is now home to more than 60 families. 2 long-standing residents, are called Nava Sonnenschein and Daoud Boulus, spoke to share their experiences.
1 Genesis 12:1-3
11 Rahab, Ruth, and Naaman are some of the most obvious.
19 In the context, this refers to offenses against God or society such as cursing, blasphemy, murder, and personal injury.
28 I believe “being rich toward God” is, in this context, being rich toward those in need.
Copyright © 2007 by Community Bible Chapel, 418 E. Main Street, Richardson, TX 75081. This is the edited manuscript of Lesson 13 in the Following Jesus in a Me-First World series prepared by Robert L. Deffinbaugh on January 21, 2007. Anyone is at liberty to use this lesson for educational purposes only, with or without credit. The Chapel believes the material presented herein to be true to the teaching of Scripture, and desires to further, not restrict, its potential use as an aid in the study of God’s Word. Publication of this material is a grace ministry of Community Bible Chapel. Related Topics: Spiritual Life
Perhaps strong association with crown made sense in the early years, when the Commonwealth’s goal of bridging their economic gap between “developed” and “developing” countries as coloniser and colonised envisioned north-south flows. But is this the case? The world has more complicated needs of a Commonwealth secretariat’s established in 1965. Global economy flowing in emerging economic power members of the Commonwealth country nations support Queen as head.Commonwealth nations led by a British Commonwealth Queen is symbolic of a relationship that endures to adjust to a postcolonial world of people. Real issue is Commonwealth countries completely interdepend on the West for economic development. Relationships developed needs each other more as their natural resources flow from these post colonial regions to the Western world. Processed goods sold to nations are indispensable as manufactured goods essential foods, medicine, services, computers, modern gadget lifestyles of postcolonial nations. Like Brexit, sentimental feeling of some is relative deprivation so causes them to start “race wars” for chaotic association. They want to detach for an individualist selfish racist goal but no one is an island so people need to co-operate as nations. Citing “hinderance” to good success of a nation reinforce idea people took action to vote to leave. Only to realise politics is deeper than anticipated without a full understanding of implication of various consequences in advance until too late.
Refusal to contribute millions requested to EU triggered the Brexit but departure equally demands payment. Question is, is contributing to protect international interests abroad by union members as a united front better than paying without same privileges a new reality unforseen in advance? The complex set of Brexit is new grounds negotiated through trade deals with individual nations as part of consequences of Brexit. Some wonder if leaders realise that inciteful statements without proper research or homework makes their nations suffer. Their lack of understanding of practical issues of the basic necessities: food, water, medicines also hits the postcolonised nations most. Often the innocent women and children bear the brunt of macho policies flexing muscles to prove their point. No perfect alternative is possible to counteract the effect of policies imposed on all. Living history repeats itself showing 70 years of relentless wars of all past years linger on today causing more sufferings to all. Peaceful long-term friendship is a better choice option than bitter vitriol hatreds of racism sown by the few. Ignorance is bliss so some who demand change lack knowledge of past history consequences of damaging effects on some nations. Its NOT WISE to get rid of the post colonial friends in need of each other. So its best Commonwealth headquarters REMAINS in London as the Queen is the life head. Interdependence of nations is essential to stop divisive worst alternatives. This is true as all nations on earth need each to learn to listen and value differences, God created nations for HIS GLORY. The former Canadian prime minister Lester Pearson remarked, the Commonwealth went from having an emperor to a king to a head by upheaval of decolonisation. The Queen is the best head as excellent leader of Britain, has best experience of Commonwealth nations for generations used to diversity in serving as head. The organisation’s diversity is represented by position of secretary-general, which provides the real leadership on a world stage. Shridath Ramphal of Guyana, the longest serve Commonwealth secretary general (1975-1990), championed these Commonwealth as the family of nations that fosters community relationships. Kings and Quuens are ordained by God by birthright as heads, so international aspiration of the Commonwealth must remain Supremacy of community above selfish greed and racism.” Sounds nice, but possibly not truthful in terms of the realities of all these members. Ramphal embraced Commonwealth represented by values of fairness and anti-racism. Its inherent contradiction: Commonwealth exploitation, violence, deeply ingrained racism makes such a perfect existence impossible. If Commonwealth members want change this opportunity to infuse institution with MATURED COMMITTED new leadership structure. Young naive are so impressionable in universities so the queen must ensure they are led by a stable emeritus experienced academics. Is United Kingdom’s extension of British crown capable of such moral leadership required to fulfil this role? Is monarchy facing current exploitation from former colonies using megawatt ‘racism’ liberal views try to undermine monarchy not aware of their underhand tactics? Since Brexit vote revealed Britain’s nationalist isolationist position in the world affairs, their leave sentiment campaigns fuelled by xenophobia impacts Commonwealth nations to force for change for control. Politicians campaigning for Brexit did so with imperial nostalgia mixed with the white man’s burden; the alternative proposed for Britain is special status in Commonwealth is first among equals. Is this questionable if Britain cannot be trusted to champion internationalism and fair multiculturalism? Cameroon’s struggles of relics of British colonialism as Eliza Anyangwe wrote in Guardian is this opportunity to reconsider rotating a democratic approach to Commonwealth leadership? Refreshing organisation for relevancy to the majority of members is an idea peddled to elect the titular head from outside Britain’s royal family? But look at OAU among others, did increase in international spirit of the “family” of Commonwealth nations without Britain as head succeed? Most nations lack the adequate resources or security to host a large gathering of nations consistently. Some divisive people want to capitalise on post colonial sentiments to use their own selfish agenda by using “racism” to incite a race war. Their evil motive is to spread hatred and division to portray the Commonwealth nations as “victims.” Some Commonwealth people are pliable trained to submit to authority so can be manipulated through universities. Most military coup de tats in the third world countries start on university campuses, in conjunction with naive students. The changes promised by using harsh forces maltreat people whose assets they take. They kill elected leaders and topple the government sponsored from abroad to gain access to natural resources. Yet the nations remain poor and their people suffer while the military enjoy luxury.Rethink structures of Commonwealth is an ideal but practical costs involved are too much for all nations. If the head of the Commonwealth title is auctioned off there are plenty of oligarchs in London willing to pay for such privilege. Money brought in from auctions to be invested in fund for reparations would be no less fairer than conferring of a title by birth. History shows monarchy destroyed by the tyrants who take over is worse than sovereigns. Power shifts into the hands of vying liberal view groups or military who makes life for citizens but enriched themselves in offshore foreign accounts. It seems good to appoint young leaders but can be influenced by the powerful forces using them to destroy monarchy. Beware of those enthusiastic people’s demands for “alternative progressive” Commonwealth to flaunt themselves at the centre of all photo opportunities to promote their “Soft Business” agendas. The Commonwealth needs a dedicated team of leaders committed to duty first to help the poor people get basic needs met. Villages need bicycles, motors for emergency health care workers, food or suitable walking shoes in hot climate. It is enough watching the lavish waste of people jet flying in luxury hotel blocked off for an exclusive use to identify with. They deprive their own people to enrich their cronies and their families as their own people suffer. Royalty is so STABLE and potentially unites the people if their lavish excesses does not deprive others of hospitals, schools or essential lifeline services. Ensure fair share of resources to the working people literally starving, dying in many countries due greed but watching leaders flaunt wealth in their faces. And giving relentless speeches of meaningless word salad to the common people in life. Commonwealth citizens under economic colonialism struggle to pay IMF loans borrowed from colonial masters. Post colonial masters ensure a firm grip on resources to stunt growth of past colonised nations. Described as “institutionally racist” what would Jesus say about this use of resources provided by God freely for all mankind to enjoy?
Mankind cannot inherit bitter grudges of hatred injustice of perpetrators. They feel angry forced slavery or colonialism that built Western countries deprive the post colonial nations. Are forming their “alternative progressive” alliance of the Commonwealth of citing racism hatred to whip up dark emotions to members by “forces for change” agenda. Obsessed by dominance of the world feel entitled to rule because ancestor’s blood and toil built the West. Want “forces for change” of enmity hatred through envy jealousy to spread to 53 Commonwealth nations. Plan upheaval sentiments to whip anger rebellion to take place among nations to emerge as their head. This delusions of grandeur is driving them to portray the monarchy as “archaic” and irrelevant to modern generations. Descendants of the slaves want to rule the world because it is their ancestors who built it. Planning to incite hatred so naive people will join their agenda to destroy the royal family. So Commonwealth royal family head is targeted as their ‘enemy’ to achieve the liberal goals of perceived injustice for a future rule by them. British monarchy is seen as obstacle to achieving black head of the Commonwealth they feel entitled to rule because their ancestors earned it so must take over. Monarchy must wake up to underground liberal view of woke naive people who lack understanding of proper leadership protocol or decorum but strongly want to rule the world. The “forces for change” use racism hatred to recruit naive antimonarchy sentiments to create “alternative progressive” ruler. This is going on behind the scenes so as to incite Commonwealth Universities or academics for reparations of injustice of slavery and colonialism. Their error is a past generation of enmity hatred cannot be the excuse for selfish motives to rule. Commonwealth must be preserved and a transparent working agenda must not vilify any race war to promote divisions. Commonwealth community of nations must continue by mutual respect for all because rebellious mutinies never last. The toxic divisive people always destroy others to prove their superiority to rule but genuine people who care preserve Commonwealth as the only best option.
Reblogged & Updated Article By: Nalini Mohabir: – Nalini Mohabir is assistant professor of postcolonial geographies at Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
It seems gods are really powerful aren’t they? So I think that we need to ask for a form of accountability from the gods who continue to bar a lot of things from happening, to account for how they used power we have given them.”
River Ofin serves as boundary between Ashanti and Central Region. So Central Regional Minister Kwamena Duncan is given indications to coordinate with the Ashanti regional minister to find proper solution. In Madagascar some females are told not to wash during periods and in Nepal women forced to sleep in huts away from the rest of the family. Girls in other cultures face these problems since education is now becoming compulsory in many countries. Many cultures have myths and taboos around menstruation globally. This must be demystified and debunked to intervene on behalf of the young girls to benefit from education. As Kweggir Aggrey said if you educate a boy or man you educate an individual if you educate girl/woman YOU EDUCATE A NATION. Behind every successful man is woman so men must listen to women at home, the community or in corporate boardrooms for the greater good of the society and girls. Stop harrassing young girls all over the world men must study reproduction biology. Elijah told people to follow God only not idols in a Mount Carmel contest by calling fire down to burn sacrifice to Yahweh the real true God. God proves to people HE is greater and more powerful than idols. Gideon was told to cut down idol shrine groves to build new altar for God and sacrifice a cow to God on the new altar. Almighty God does not share His Glory with idols, demands complete total loyalty because HE IS A JEALOUS GOD. He wants to be the only one people worship not a bit of God and a bit of idols. Girls must attend school daily in their period, given pads, personal hygiene kit, discreet changing rooms facilities and water to wash with. Shaming girls and women is an abuse of power by ignorant people who belittle girls or women who carried them in the womb, breastfeed or bottle feed them so grow up now insult God’s birth process. All people are born due to period cycles of girls and women so respect and value women. Nations are now paying women to bring forth more children due to the problem of underpopulation. Women or girls mistreated for a natural birth cycle period God provides for pregnancy and childbirth to take care of their family is used to harass women. Yet without girls or women’s period menstruation there will be no continuity of life for children by procreation on earth as God planned.
Within the concrete jungles of cities is a whole new world to discovered and explore the flora and fauna. Take time to enjoy nature to smell the flowers and watch the birds no matter how busy you are. Go out with friends in a group as part of relaxation to clear your head and refresh your mind. A study recommends people take a break and observe nature in detail because of the health benefits gained. You should stop and smell the roses according to this study revealing a brief time spent outdoors enjoying walks or riding in nature really does improve mood.
The study found nature helps by spending time outdoors to improve happiness. People who take the time to notice nature, increase their feelings of happiness and emotional well-being Noticing a tree at a bus stop in the middle of a city can have a positive effect. Noticing nature impacts on prosocial orientation a willingness to share resources and place value on one’s community. New research shows that there’s truth to the idea that nature and spending time outdoors can improve happiness. The study showed if people simply take time to notice the nature around them, it will increase their general happiness and well-being.
Even if it’s just birds flying in a crowded city or a tree at a bus stop, noticing nature can also improve ‘prosocial orientation’ – the willingness to share and place value on one’s community. If people simply take time to notice the nature around them, it will increase general happiness and well-being the new study has found. A University of British Columbia (UBC) study examined the effects of a two-week intervention involving nature. 395 Undergraduate students were asked to document how nature encountered affects their daily routine and made them feel. They took photos of items that caught their attention and wrote down a short note about their feelings in response to it. Meanwhile, a second group of study participants tracked their reactions to human-made objects instead, again taking a photo and jotting down their feelings. A third control group did neither, continuing their everyday lives.
Researchers found that After the intervention, levels of positive emotions, elevating experiences and a general sense of connectedness to other people and nature and life as a whole, as well as prosocial orientation, were significantly higher in the nature group compared to the human-built and control groups. The University of British Columbia (UBC) examined the effects of a two-week intervention involving nature. Undergraduate students documented how nature they encountered in their daily routine made them feel. The photos of the item that caught their attention and wrote down a short note about their feelings in response to it revealed indepth reality of changes felt.
Paranomic views of the examples of nature could be anything not just about human built things so a house plant, a dandelion growing in a crack in a sidewalk, birds, or sun through a window. Meanwhile, a second group of study participants tracked their reactions to human-made objects instead, again taking a photo and jotting down their feelings. A third control group did neither, continuing their everyday lives. Often association with nature is seen as primitive and unsophisticated. However, nature is rich with so much knowledge and relevant information some miss out on. The push towards the virtual world is almost preventing reality check existence crucial for survival in life. It is even better if people begin to grow plants, flowers or simple foods on balcony gardens go keep in tune with nature.
‘This wasn’t just about spending long hours outdoors or going for long walks in wilderness,’ says Holi-Anne Passmore, a PhD psychology student at UBC’s Okanagan campus and the lead author of the study. ‘This is about paying attention to take in spatial knowledge and look at trees or plants in a meaningful way. Trees at a bus stop in the middle of a city has positive effects just one tree can have on people in the jungle.’ Passmore, who studies wellness, says she was ‘overwhelmed’ not just by the response of the 395 study participants – who submitted more than 2,500 photos and and descriptions of emotions – but also by the impact that noticing emotional responses to nearby nature had on well-being.
Gaming addiction classified as disorder by WHO – World Health Organisation. An article byaccording to Oxford University study states that boys are more likely to spend time gaming than girls. Gaming addiction is to be listed as mental health condition for the first time by the World Health Organisation. 11th International Classification of Diseases (ICD) includes the condition “gaming disorder.” The draft document describes it as a pattern of a persistent and a recurrent gaming behaviour so severe it takes precedence over other life interests. Some countries already identified it as a major public health issue. Many, including UK, have private addiction clinics to “treat” the condition. The last version of the ICD was completed in 1992, with the new guide due to be published in 2018. The guide contains codes for diseases, signs and symptoms and is used by doctors and researchers to track and diagnose disease. It suggests abnormal gaming behaviour should be in evidence over a period of 12 months for diagnosis to be assigned but added that period might be shortened “if symptoms are severe.”
Gaming Addiction Symptoms include:
- impaired control over gaming (frequency, intensity, duration)
- increased priority given to gaming
- continuing escalation of gaming despite negative consequences
Dr Richard Graham, lead technology addiction specialist at the Nightingale Hospital in London, welcomed decision to recognise condition. It is significant because it creates the opportunity for more specialised services. It puts it on the map as something to take seriously.” But he added he would have sympathy for those who do not think the condition should be medicated. “It could lead to confused parents whose children are enthusiastic gamers.” He said he sees about 50 new cases of digital addiction each year and his criteria is based on whether the activity is affecting basic things such as sleep, eating, socializing and education. He said one question he asks himself is: “Is the addiction taking up neurological real-estate, dominating thinking and preoccupation?” So many psychiatrists refer to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the fifth edition of which was published in 2013. The Internet gaming disorder listed as ‘condition for further study’ meaning not officially recognised as controversial matters are assigned. It will have serious repercussions if the gaming industry accepts responsibility. If families sue them the businesses will collapse as multibillion industries.
Gaming is introduced to young children before forming prefrontal cortex brain so damage is done through radiation too. Many are absent-minded, aloof, not in the here and now able to experience the common sense needed for survival. Extreme cases often display a psychotic pattern of behaviour. Hallucinations if under stress, pressure or struggling to keep down job due to gaming addiction. Lots of countries are grappling with the issue and the South Korean government has introduced a law banning access for children under 16 from online games between midnight and 06:00. In Japan, players are alerted if they spend more than a certain amount of time online each month playing games. In China, internet giant Tencent has limited hours that children can play its most popular games. A recent study from University of Oxford suggested, although children spend a lot of time on the screens, they generally manage to intertwine digital pastimes with daily life. The research is looking at children aged eight to 18 and found boys spent longer playing video games than girls. Researcher Killian Mullan said: “People think that children are addicted to technology and in front of these screens 24/7, to the exclusion of other activities and we now know that is not the case.” “Our findings show technology is being used with and in some cases perhaps to support other activities, like homework for instance, not pushing them out,” he added. “Like adults do, children spread digital tech use throughout the day, while doing other things.” This issue is ongoing yet gamers become professional gamers, game designers or Internet experts.
However, majority are struggling with school and college work, frustrated, angry, manifest withdrawal symptoms from multiple addictions of high sugar, E chemicals in food, poor decision-making abilities, with stunted growth spurt development stuck in the childish mindset from the age of onset of gaming. Unable to enjoy free mind to grow as previous generations exploring outdoors daily for long hours. Getting a fresh air, physical exercises playing and interacting with friends. Many now live isolated detached lives in their bubble world cocooned in a virtual reality. The years of repeated gaming addiction now affect even basic communication and the social conversations. With majority of school, college, work and the world turning into virtual online lifestyle it is even damaging their health too. Like an issue that is not solved quickly, it leads to aggressive behaviour, sometimes tensions in families. Expecting for such future generations to grow up and take on the responsibilities and duty of care is getting worse. Som parents continue to ‘ raise’ adult children traumatized by gaming addiction and dark web porn. It is an expensive industry where games cost so much causing bad habits as big spenders on games wasting money that could be saved to buy or own home. So become dependent on parents as the bank of mum and dad. Domino effect is serious and even more dangerous when parents lack knowledge and awareness of gaming addiction. Treatment is hard because they are prone to using online facility for study, work shopping, social interaction often tired and lethargic.
Many need other hobbies especially outdoors like football hockey, biking, swimming or a practical outdoor volunteer centre to help others to learn practical life skills. In any case this generation faces challenges making choices and decisions even harder and harder everyday by gaming addiction. Often starts as fun time to relax, then it escalates into complex issues. Some children used parent’s bank accounts to run thousands of dollars worth of debts due to gaming addiction. Schools must teach dangers of gaming addiction as part of general knowledge awareness. When children are young parents must not buy expensive games because all the friends have one and they feel left out. Looking back some parents would have been better off investing a gaming money into extra tuition funds to help a child do better academically. Or pay for music, piano lessons to calm children and learn vital skills. Games change so rapidly that it becomes a life time habit not a phase to grow out of. This is a serious matter to be dealt with globally because it affects children in formative years and influences their thought and worldview. In addition some contents are completely unsuitable for children yet parents unaware of such dangers. Encourage reading skills from with real books they can hold first before ebooks or online ones. Computers are good and useful but can cause harm to children if not used properly under supervision. If parents do not know how to computers take basic lessons to learn safety, adult and child security online and upgrade often to learn new skills to help your children before it becomes too late so turn into gaming addiction disorder.
Mankind faces upheaval of robot trends in hotels, airports, hospitals and homes. There is a strong argument in favour of advantages of using machines that now replace people in industries, factories or personal carers at home. The shortage of staff in underpopulated regions with the aged requiring care are some of the arguments used. Modern trend demand people adapt and get used to machines or miss out. In 1998, Kodak had 170,000 employees and sold 85% of photo paper worldwide. Within a few years their business model disappeared and they went bankrupt. Interestingly inventor of digital photography in 1975 Steven Sasson worked for Kodak but Kodak ignored the new technology and in the process ignored their future!! Some say what happened to Kodak will happen in a lot of industries in the next 10 years and most people don’t see it coming.Did you think in 1998 that 3 years later you would never take pictures on paper film again? Yet digital cameras were invented in 1975. The first ones had 10,000 pixels, but followed Moore’s law. As with all exponential technologies, it was a disappointment for a long time, before it became way superior and got mainstream in a few short years. It will now happen with Artificial Intelligence, health, autonomous and electric cars, education, 3D printing, agriculture and jobs in the 4th Industrial Revolution. So the Exponential Age, Software will also disrupt the most traditional industries in the next 5-10 years. Uber software tool does not own cars but the biggest taxi company in the world. Airbnb is the biggest hotel company in the world, although they don’t own any properties.Artificial Intelligence Computers said to be exponentially better understanding the world. This year, a computer beat the best Go player in the world 10 years earlier than expected. In the US, young lawyers not getting jobs. Due to IBM Watson you can get a legal advice so far for more on a basic stuff within seconds with the 90% accuracy compared with 70% accuracy when done by humans. If you study law it is good to immediately think about areas of specialisation. People say there will be 90% fewer lawyers in future so only specialists will remain. Watson already helps nurses diagnosing cancer, 4 times more accurate than human nurses. And Facebook now has a pattern recognition software that can recognize faces better than humans. By 2030, computers will become more intelligent than humans.Autonomous Cars: in 2018 the first self-driving cars will appear for the public. Around 2020, the complete industry will start to be disrupted. Some don’t want to own a car anymore since you will call a car with your phone, it will show up at your location and drive you to your destination. You will not need to park it, you only pay for driven distance and it can be productive while driving. Future kids may never get driver’s license and never own a car. So it will change cities, because will need 90-95% fewer cars for that. So can transform former parking space into parks. 1.2 million people die each year in car accidents worldwide. It says one accident in every 100,000 km, with autonomous driving that will drop to one accident in 10 million km. That will save a million lives each year..Most car companies may become bankrupt. Traditional car companies evolutionary approach builds better cars, while tech companies Tesla, Apple, Google will do the revolutionary approach and build a computer on wheels. A lot of engineers from Volkswagen and Audi are said to be completely terrified of Tesla.Insurance Companies will have massive trouble because without accidents, the insurance will become 100x cheaper. Their car insurance business model will disappear. Real estate will change since you can work while you commute, and people will move further away to live in more beautiful neighbourhood. Electric cars won’t become mainstream until 2020. Cities will be less noisy because all cars will run on electric. Electricity will be incredibly cheap because now Solar production has been on an exponential curve for 30 years so will see impact. In the last year, solar energy was installed worldwide than fossil. So price for solar will drop so much all coal companies may be out of business by 2025. Cheap electricity means cheap and abundant water. Desalination only needs 2kWh per cubic meter. We don’t have scarce water in most places, we only have scarce drinking water. Imagine what will be possible if all can have as much clean water as wanted without cost.Health: There will be companies that will build a medical devices called the “Tricorder” from Star Trek that works with phone, takes retina scan, blood sample and breathed into. It analyses 54 biomarkers that will identify nearly any disease. It will be cheap, in a few years everyone on this planet will have access to world class medicine, nearly for free. 3D printing price of cheapest 3D printer came down from $18,000 to $400 within 10 years. At the same time its 100 times faster. All major shoe companies started 3D printing shoes. Spare airplane parts already 3D printed in remote airports. The space station printer eliminates the need for large number of spare parts used in the past. By end of this year new smart phones will have the 3D scanning possibilities. You can then 3D scan your feet and print perfect shoe size at home.In China, already 3D printed completed 6-storey office building. By 2027, 10% of everything that’s being produced will be 3D printed. Business Opportunities now mean if you think of a niche you want to go in, ask yourself: “in the future, do you think we will still have that?” and if answer is yes how can it happen sooner. If it doesn’t work with phone, forget the idea. And ideas limited in design for just success in the 20th century is doomed in to failure in the 21st century. Workers with 70-80% of jobs will disappear in the next 20 years. There will be a lot of new jobs, but it is not clear if there will be enough new jobs that time. Already unemployment is rising in terms of the people getting appropriate relevant job.Agriculture will have $100 agricultural robot in future. Farmers in 3rd world countries can then become managers of their field instead of working all days on their fields. And agroponics will also need much less water. The first Petri dish produced veal is now available and will be cheaper than cow-produced veal in 2018. 30% of all agricultural surfaces are used for cows so imagine if we don’t need all that space anymore. There are several startups to bring insect protein to the market shortly. It contains more protein than meat. It will be labeled as ‘alternative protein source’ because most people still reject the idea of eating insects. There is an app call “moodies” which can already tell in which mood you are. By 2020 there will be apps that can tell by facial expressions if one is lying. Imagine debates displayed when people tell the truth or not. Bitcoin will be mainstream and might even become the default reserve currency. Right now, average life span increases by 3 months per year. Four years ago, the life span used to be 79 years, now it’s 80 years. The increase itself is increasing and by 2030, there will be more than one year increase per year. So we all might live for a long long time, probably way more than 100. By that time the elites will have a secondary Brain embedded close to both sides of their fronto-temporal scalp it stores information about their experiences books they read what they heard etc through a High Def Camera below the eyelids. Those who can afford it forgetfulness is a past phenomenon.Advanced stem cell technology will also allow “choosing” own organs or replace defective ones early. Life expectancy will be around 115 to 125 yrs in most of developed world and around 100 years in the rest of the world. Education: The cheapest smart phones are already at $10 in Africa and Asia. Until 2020, 70% of all humans will own a smart phone. That means, everyone has same access to world class education. Are you ready for the future. With so much benefits of progress agreed, question is what shall be done with the unemployed humans displaced? Some say the available free time means all will all be on holidays. It will indeed be wonderful to put feet up to let hair down to enjoy life. So robots and machines do all the work and serve humans. A few humans program these robots so intervene when required. Yet the reality of the mass unemployment without income and zero hour contracts is of concern that must be addressed. It is important to reflect on these matters because people have become homeless, unable to afford homes. People still pay bills, eat, pay cost of travel, student fees, rent, mortgages, taxes, etc. Whether one earns income or not bills get higher and higher. Artificial intelligence deliberate tactics based on the Georgia guidelines in America like 10 commandments is to reduce world population to 250million. Creating starvation, deprivation, lack of resources, burying tons of good food in the soil while people starve. This is all part of that strategy so few people own everything, living in luxury while the rest are dealt a bad hand. On paper all these sounds fantastic yet the reality is the MAJORITY of humans suffer as a result. Robots in industries mean loss of jobs, starving and poverty but is not dealt with in the news. Since privileged few already have enough on their plate they are not too keen or interested in plights of those displaced unemployed. It is absolutely true robots are essential today in some fields, save lives, drones deliver goods. However if one truly and honestly analyses overall cost of longterm investments in robots, the machines deprive workers of jobs. .In addition, they do not raise children, feed families, pay tuition fees or rents and mortgages. On one hand robots are necessary but on the other hand too it is important to ensure humans are not all replaced by machines. The humans now globally have no jobs, resources or land in the hand of a few. Most investments and the profits go to shareholders who benefit not the staff laid off on the dole. Trillions of dollars are invested globally to create robots with zillions of electric wattage used to run them. But it affects electric power and oil supply needed to generate electricity. Alternative to fossil fuel like wind turbines still need electric to power them. Now when a problem is solved it creates lots more problems not foreseen by inventors. When Tsunamis, tornadoes, floods, wildfire, thunders or toxic waste burnt trickle into soil to shut down whole neigbourhoods, nothing is done to rectify problems. As long as the rich share holders are happily making more money they do not care about the damage done to the earth. The rush to overproduced cars, gadgets with inbuilt obsolence means products are changed for cosmetic or aesthetic reasons than functions. This creates disposable waste of tons of plastics that natural speed of human working hours would curb. The rat race constantly produces more items than realistically purchased so is shredded or buried in landfill that could be used for housing. A greedy excessive love of materialist products consumer habit damages planets with pollution. It is industry driven to produce faster, get to places faster and faster because it is easier to do so than work in tune with nature. The passion for wanting things yesterday to meet demands results in a need for the faster production methods beyond human abilities. That is why the robots are man’s friends to help them to accomplish their wants faster. It is good to be able to enjoy life and live a little yet longterm damage climate change is irreversible. The world already pays the price of sufferings from global turf wars over natural resources fuelling robots. It peaks beyond measure with plans for all future living mechanised by robots, people are displaced and frustrated. The young people graduating all over world feel the robotic trend of displacement. The good news is when things peak God will intervene by Rapture to restore earth to organic natural wholesome beauty again like paradise. God owns chariots, wheels in wheels technologies and a great designer of unique human intelligence. Technology displaces the workers but life in general improved. Machines replaced, outmoded, causes toxic waste in landfill sites buried at or burnt to destroy archaic old technology. Humans still need to program robots but must work alongside humans. Lots of businesses, companies are shut down or gone bankrupt due to changes. And online businesses affect direct human personal touch interaction on a daily basis. These issues must be addressed as much as debates in favour of using the robots and machines. The world is now reaching tipping point of inability to sustain these design using solar power or nuclear power. The pursuit of more power to maintain robots damages use of natural resources diverted by hydro power displacing communities. Many farms and food production destroyed by the seizure of generational family lands. The hybrid genetic modified foods often lack rich natural nutrients for organic food remedies created by God. Limited land use of the area means depending on imported foods than local produce. Robots are useful and helpful but must not be allowed to displace and destroy humans in the process. Both must live alongside each other with dignity of human life not dehumanising people.