JESUS WAS BORN IN AUGUSTUS CAESAR’S TIME
Jesus Bethlehem Star in Herod Roman ISRAELBC= (Before Christ) AD =(Ano Domini) CE = (Current Era is same as AD)Jesus’ Nativity Grotto Manger built in cave the place of His birth in Israel at Bethlehem celebrated globally today.The walls are protected by the heavy leather drapes backed with asbestos. Grotto Manger is covered by marble. The 14-point silver star marble floor Grotto Nativity words “Hic de Virgine Maria Jesus Christus natus est,” Jesus Christ was born by the Virgin Mary. Bethlehem Church of Nativity altar is a cave rectangle 12 by 3 metres rock trough replaced by marble. On feast days cave is lit by 48 hanging lamps. A small altar in Grotto of Manger is dedicated to Adoration of Magi, Three Wise Men in Matthew’s Gospel from the East to worship newborn Jesus.The crosses on original grotto pillar.This original manger feeding trough rock cut by Bedouins found in Megiddo like one Jesus slept in. Grotto was enlarged for pilgrims. Silver manger replaced stone trough of Jesus bed.Nearby Church of Nativity Bethlehem a cave on Milk Grotto street hollowed out of soft white rock sacred to Christians.Herod was killing infants so Jesus lived in secret cave hide outs done to escape Jesus’ death before going into Egypt for many years until Herod died. So family returned to Jerusalem but moved back to live again in Nazareth hometown.Churches are built on many places Jesus lived as a child and to His adulthood. So people visit the various places and of His ministry on earth. Home of Jesus in Nazareth is like this ancient house.On third day of wedding in Cana, Galilee mother of Jesus and disciples told Jesus, “They have no wine.” Jesus said to her, “Woman why concerned my hour has not yet come.” in John 2:1-4. She told them to do what he says so Jesus asked them to to fill jars with water He turned to wine.Excavations at Khirbet Cana in lower Galilee show evidence its town Jesus’ first miracle performed. There is discovered large Christian underground veneration complex site of worship in Cana of Galilee of early Christians. Widow’s coins minted for Alexander the Great in 336-323 B.C. used in Jesus’ time. Her offering pleased Jesus as she gave her all cheerfully and freely to God. In Mark 12:41 – 44 and Luke 21:1-4 Jesus in the Temple in Jerusalem specified two mites, in Greek lepta, worth quadrans. Is the smallest least value Roman coin in circulation in Judea about sixth of a day wage. Jesus sat near treasury and saw crowd put money into treasury. The rich put in large sums but poor widow put in two small coins. Jesus told His disciples, ‘This poor widow put in more than all the others who gave surplus wealth. So contributed her all though poor. Others gave to show off wealth proudly but she gave from her heart all her little to God.In Capernaum Jesus preached, taught in synagogues Gospel good news, healed diseases, cast out demons. Synagogue in Capernaum with an artist’s impression.Capernaum Byzantine Christian Church Byzantine church home of Peter & Jesus.Magdala stone from ancient synagogue to rest Torah on. Used during time of Jesus when they went into synagogue.Jesus cast out Gadarene demoniac’s evil legion spirits run into pigs and drowned in sea, saved an evangelist in his town. Jesus’ said prodigal son repented, went back to his father for forgiveness. So all mankind given chance to repent and go back to God the Father through Jesus to obey all God’s commands in the Bible. Transfiguration of Jesus glory radiance on mountain in Matthew 17:1–8, Mark 9:2-8, Luke 9:28-36; 2 Peter 1:16-18.As many times as Israel did not remain loyal to God exiled many times. Temples of Solomon and Herod destroyed. In 70 AD after 40 years as Jesus predicted fell destroyed by Romans rumbles remain. These are coins used during Jesus’ time.JESUS PAID TEMPLE & ROMAN TAXESJesus said in Luke 17:2 in the Bible that if anyone hurts a child its better that a millstone was hanged about his neck to be cast into the sea than to offend little children. Jesus said do not cause a little child to stumble to lose faith in God. If a person does incurs the wrath of Jesus so better large millstone hung round neck.This small ceramic and glass flasks pear shaped bottles dated to a period in time. Includes time of Yeshua from 50 BC till beginning of 2nd century AD type of jar used in Luke 7:37 to anoint Jesus’ feet.Precious oils cost lots of money as made from essential fragrance perfumes that anoint the body or used for embalming dead with perfumed oils during Biblical times. In Matthew 28:1, Luke 24:1, John 20:1.women took oils to prepare Jesus’ body after death but He had risen.Jesus healed the cripple waiting 38years by this ancient Pool of Bethesda ruins in Old City Of Jerusalem. Bethesda ruins in Israel excavated shows buildings, places Jesus walked and ministered. People all over go to Jerusalem three times a year for feasts God required Jewish males do.Jersusalem Garden of Gethsemane Jesus prayed before trails, crucifixion and His resurrection. This is Mount of Olives in Jerusalem amazing urban garden, very famous place where Jesus prayed as His disciples slept but angel comforted Him.Matthew 27:57-61 says a rich man from Arimathea Joseph disciple of Jesus went to Pilate for Jesus’ body. So Joseph took Jesus’ body wrapped in linen cloth and placed Him in his own NEW TOMB CUT OUT OF A ROCK. He rolled big stone at entrance of tomb and put body in. Mary Magdalene and other Mary sat opposite the tomb. Jesus died 3 p.m. as Passover Sabbath in John 19:31 begun at sunset Joseph acted quickly in John 19:38 went to Pilate discreetly. Luke 23:50 – 51, says Joseph was member of Sanhedrin ruling council of Judaism buried Jesus in cave fulfills prophecy Jesus buried with rich.Epoch Times says tomb was opened in October 2016 said to be where Jesus lay for three days after Crucifixion. Tomb was subject to a restoration project in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem’s Old City. Fredrik Hiebert of National Geographic was part of the team and explained: “Tomb destroyed many times by fire, earthquakes and invasions over the centuries. It is a fake tomb created by the high priests to save face by embarrassment of resurrection of Jesus Christ. Paid soldiers to deceive people Jesus did not rise from death in Matthew 28:11-15. A violent earthquake and angel rolling stone from Jesus’ tomb guarded by governor’s soldiers shocked by fear collapsed to ground in Matthew 28:2-4. The angel told women at tomb Jesus had risen from death sent to tell His disciples. Guards at tomb went to tell chief priests what happened. 12 The chief priests and elders gave soldiers a large sum of money, 13 “Told to say, ‘His disciples came at night to steal body as while asleep.’ 14 If governor hears truth you will be in trouble.” 15 The soldiers took money did as instructed. This story known among Jews to this day Matthew wrote rumour in his gospel. If disciples stole Jesus body grave robbing is serious offence of death sentence? How did the guards asleep SEE who rolled the huge stone of tomb to lift Jesus? Why did they get away with not guarding Jesus’ body of death penalty? Guards said, disciples took Jesus body why did the authorities not deal with them to put them on trial?
Apostles were persecuted so put on trial for preaching Jesus is alive if they knew Jesus was not raised? The TRUTH is the stone rolled by angels Jesus came from tomb ALIVE by VICTORY over death. Chief priests tried to cover up truth with a lie for they did not believe Jesus arose from death. They hate Jesus seen radical who could upset social order in city of Jerusalem and followers threat to them. They did not believe in resurrection and chief priests felt guards of tomb lied and story will bring more people to Jesus to replace them as expected King of Jews. Its fake “Tomb” not used by Jesus so real tomb used is empty and in Jerusalem. Ancient retaining wall uncovered under City of David during last century arrow on right in 1 Chronicles 11:8 shows city built from supporting terraces. Millo is extended by Joab to repair City. 7 David, resident in fortress City of David told his soldiers whoever takes rest of city will be captain. Joab son of Zeruiah, nephew of King David, commander of army won took city extended upwards. King David conquered Jerusalem in 2 Samuel 2-5 in Canaanite royal city Joab took Millo.Pool of Siloam is a rock-cut pool on the southern slope of City of David. Siloam Pool is where Jesus Cured blind man in Biblical Archaeology. A Canaanite pool built by King Hezekiah’s Lower Pool. Is significant in John 9:7 mentioned in the Bible the pool is near the Temple sites.The Triple Gate on the Temple Mount is at the Royal Stoa southend of Solomon’s Colonnade by stairway of worshippers to outer courtyard of the Temple Mount. This Triple Gate is “Beautiful Gate” in Acts 3:2: the beggar healed by Peter and John in Solomon’s Colonnade Acts 3:1-11. The Temple Gate has a highly decorated stone called “The Beautiful Gate.” Jesus and apostles walked through this gate led to outer courts of Solomon’s Porch early church in Jerusalem met daily. Robinson staircase once widestone arch stood at southwestern corner of Temple Mount. Built as expansion of the Second Temple by Herod the Great at the end of 1st century BCE completed in at least 20 years after his death. This massive stone span constructed with retaining wall of Temple Mount. In ancient Jerusalem’s Lower Market area by Tyropoeon street to Royal Stoa complex esplanade Mount. overpass destroyed during Great Jewish Revolt, a few decades after completion.The Mikvah in first century used in days of Jesus south of Temple Mount at base of Double Gate stairs. Used to baptize some of 3,000 new Jewish believers on Day of Pentecost in Acts 2. Water is used by Jews for ceremonial washing, ritual baths to purify before or after if events make them unclean. Judaism requires submersion in a mikvah. Temple Mount south filled with mikvah to baptize the converted Jews in Jesus’ name change as a sign of new faith. Mikvah’s source is running water, spring, or fresh water rain. Mikvah large to immerse people. Stairs used to descend in and out of the mikvah. A wall separates the clean side from the unclean yet to be cleaned.Jewish proselyte male converts from the whole world go to Jerusalem Passover.ETHIOPIAN Eunuch baptized by PhillipThe Exodus ends 400 years of slavery for the descendants of Israel in Egypt.Journey of Abraham Isaac and Jacob. In Genesis 15:13 The LORD Elohim told Abraham, For four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in other countries enslaved and mistreated. 14 I will punish nations you served as slaves and come out with great possessions.15 You will live in and be buried at a good old age. 16 Your fourth generation descendants will go back for the sin of Amorites.” 17 At sunset, Presence of God by fire passed between Sacrifice by Abraham to God sealed the Covenant.18 The LORD God’s COVENANT to Abram said, “To your descendants I GIVE lands between Nile, Euphrates,19 Kenites and the Kenizzites, Kadmonites 20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites 21Amorites, and Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.” You will be father of all nations grafted in Covenant with Israel as countless as sands of seas and stars in the heavens. 4000 years ago, God in the Garden of Eden, PROMISED Seed (Jesus) of woman (Mary) will restore all mankind to God after sin of Adam and Eve. Jesus’ Victory over sin and death brings mankind to God as Second Adam the Only Way God Chose to restore HIS of Gift eternal Life. Archaeologists discover new finds at sites in the lands of the Bible but most do make the news headlines. Scholars show the relevant discoveries as Sodom and the Exodus routes that happened. A trail of evidence exist of ancient Jericho, Israelites, and David’s City as great king. New discoveries in 20 years highlights recent finds to the claims of the Bible an Experienced archaeologist David Graves assembled a helpful collection of some discoveries journeys confirm in history biblical events and people past. Explore new archaeological discoveries, pottery, inscriptions, seals, ossuaries, coins, and manuscripts, and artifacts. Presented a short history of archaeology, outlining characteristics and role in Christianity. in meticulous excavation methods used to explore significant manuscripts for the transmission of Bible. And insightful books illustrate the archaeological finds in photographs, detailed maps, charts and tables, glossaries defined technical archaeological terms of extensive study footnotes and bibliography. Invaluable resource provide information to help us understand the cultural and historical background of Bible archaeology. This is resource for people to know more about archaeology and the Bible, in seminary courses, college classrooms, church groups or personal study.
Author of Biblical Archaeology Book
DAVID E. GRAVES (Ph.D., University of Aberdeen) involved in teaching Bible and archaeology for more than thirty-five years and is currently an Assistant Professor at Liberty University Online, Rawlings School of Divinity. He is one of the worlds leading experts on Sodom. Has taught archaeology at Oxford University, England; provided tours of the Ashmolean and British Museums; traveled extensively in the Middle East; and been involved in Mount Ararat research. He is currently a supervisor at the Shiloh excavations, Israel and was part of the team who discovered and excavated the Dead Sea Scroll cave Q12 near Qumran, Israel (Jan 2017) and Tall el-Hammam (Sodom), Jordan (2005-2015); and is a member of the Near East Archaeological Society (NEAS). He is the author of Seven Messages of Revelation and the Vassal Treaties: Literary Genre, Structure, and Function; Key Themes of the Old Testament and New Testament; The Location of Sodom; and has authored a number of articles on the Bible and archaeology.