The Rod or Staff of Moses is mentioned in the Bible as walking stick of shepherd for 40 years. In Exodus 4:2 in Bible God, appeared to Moses in the burning bush. God asks what Moses has in his hand so Moses answered “a staff” or “rod” in the some versions of Bibles. God told Moses to go to Egypt so as to deliver HIS people from slavery. Moses asked God to give a sign to identify God to confirm message to prove to Pharaoh God truly sent him. The rod miraculously transformed into a snake and then back into a rod. This rod or staff is referred to as “rod of God” or “staff of God” depends on translation of staff in Hebrew מַטֶּה matteh or “rod” in some old versions of the Bible. Moses was told by God to take rod everywhere to do signs from I AM. Moses returned to Jethro his father in law, and said told him, “Let me go, I pray and return to my brethren in Egypt to see if still alive.” Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.” The LORD told Moses in Midian “Go, return into Egypt for all those men seeking your life are dead.”Moses took his wife and sons and put on asses, and returned to the land of Egypt. So Moses took the rod of God as The LORD said to Moses put his hand and take it by tail so Moses caught it and became rod in his hand. So people will believe the LORD God of their fathers, God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of Jacob appeared to Moses. The Lord said further to him, put your hand into your loin so he put his hand into his loin and took it out as his hand was leprous as snow. 7 So God said, put your hand into loin again and he put his hand into his loin again and took it out of his loin and it turned again to flesh. 8It shall come to pass if they do not hear God’s Voice or believe the first sign they will believe this second sign. 9 If they do not believe these two signs or hearken your voice, tak water from the river and pour it on dry land. The water taken out of the river will become blood on dry land. 10 Moses said to the LORD, O my LORD, I am not eloquent since you spoke to me as your servant I am slow of speech and stammered. 11 The LORD said, Who made man’s mouth or makes dumb, or deaf, gives sight is it not I the LORD? 12 Go, and I WILL be with your mouth and teach you what to say. 13 Moses said O LORD please send other better speaker. 14 So anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and HE said, Aaron your Levite brother speaks well, he will come to meet you, to see you and is glad in his heart.15 Speak to him and tell God will put HIS words in his mouth and be with your mouth and teach you what you will do. 16 Aaron will be the spokesman to the people and shall be your mouthpiece to instead of your mouth, and you will be to him instead like God. 17 Take this rod in your hand to do signs. 18 Moses told Jethro LORD spoke to him to go to Egypt. 19 And the LORD said to Moses in Midian, Go, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead who sought your life. 20 Moses took his wife and his sons so they returned to the land of Egypt as Moses took the rod of God in his hand. 21 And the Lord said to Moses, When you go to return into Egypt, see you do all these wonders before Pharaoh, I put in your hand but I will harden his heart so that he shall not let the people go. 22 So say to Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is MY SON, even MY FirstBorn. 23 And I say to you Let MY SON GO, to serve ME: and if you refuse to let him go I will slay your son, even your firstborn. 24 So it came to pass on the way at the inn the LORD met Moses and wanted to kill him. For God’s Covenant requires Moses to circumcise his sons on eighth day. Yet Moses did not perform circumcision rite on his son. Its not possible for the LORD to permit HIS CHOSEN deliverer to go to Egypt to represent Him to the people of Israel without his compliance with HIS Covenant relationship. God prompted Moses to obey HIM to save son knowing Moses may not go against wishes of his wife Zipporah. Zipporah performed the circumcision as Moses held son during his circumcision and the LORD ceased from seeking to kill Moses. The Lord can kill Moses as reason of incident because God has POWER to do so if Moses didn’t comply. Moses’ obedience and complete commitment to HIS law was essential as a leader of the GREAT lawgiver’s people. 25 Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off foreskin of her son and cast it at his feet and said, surely a bloody husband art you to me. 26 Moses held his son to restrain him let go as she said, you are bloody husband of circumcision. This ensures Moses family is included in the Abrahamic covenant to avoid death of firstborn in Genesis 17:14. If God seeks to kill Moses to pay for murder how will he lead God’s people if he dead? Moses’ first born son partakes in Covenant sign of Israel saved from tragedy Pharaoh’s firstborn son in Egypt suffer. God says clearly HE will slay Pharaoh’s firstborn son if he refused to LET GO of Israel so Moses’ boy’s life is preserved. God had pronounced judgment on Pharaoh’s son Moses knows God’s judgment affects the king of Egypt and all Egyptians. Moses’ rush to circumcise his son ensures God counts his son part of people of God. His son saved from judgment of Egyptians. Zipporah’s circumcision done by priests, surgeons, experienced men but Jesus’ ULTIMATE BLOOD means believers are not forced to circumcise but circumcise hearts. 27 The LORD said to Aaron, Go to the wilderness to meet Moses so he went and met him in the mount of God, and kissed him. 28 And Moses told Aaron all the WORDS of the LORD WHO sent him and all signs HE Commanded Moses 29 So Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all elders of children of Israel. 30 Aaron spoke all the words the LORD spoke to Moses and did the signs in sight of the people. 31 The people believed and when they heard the LORD visited the children of Israel and HE looked on their affliction, they bowed their heads and worshipped. As God told Moses to take Aaron his brother to appear before Pharaoh so Aaron’s rod transforms into serpent. Pharaoh’s sorcerers transform their rods into serpents too but Aaron’s swallows them. Aaron’s rod is used to turn Nile blood-red and used so many times on God’s command to do miracles of the rod to produce water from a rock. In Numbers 20:10-13,Deuteronomy 3:23-28 Moses strikes a rock after Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly together before the rock. Moses said to them, can we draw water for you from this rock?” The Jews watched him bring water from a rock for 40 years as God commanded him to do that. Why did he hesitate and why did Moses call the Jews ‘rebellious’ and hit the rock twice? God told Moses to speak to the rock, but seems unsure so Moses didn’t know the rock to speak to and addressed the wrong one. And so nothing happened and Jewish people began to mock Moses and demanding he draws water from any rock. Moses grew angry and called them rebels for thinking he had the power to perform a miracle if God did not will it with a rock other than the one God specified..When speaking did not produce results, Moses remembered 40 years God commanded him to hit a rock to draw water. At that time God instructed him to take the staff with him so reasoned he should strike the rock but hit wrong stone. Moses’ rod staff struck right rock the first time only droplets appeared, Moses struck again and then water gushed forth. Moses had to prays for God to perform a miracle so seems to take things into his own hands by anger and grief of Miriam’s loss. God said to Moses and Aaron, “Since you did do not have faith in Me to sanctify Me in the eyes of children of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly to the Land I have given them. These are the waters of dispute or Mei Meribah where children of Israel contended with God to though and He sanctified them. Moses and Aaron’s dreams ended life’s goal, to bring Jews to Promised Land as the sin of a harsh punishment. Moses strikes a rock with his staff in search of water by not speaking to the rock to demonstrate God’s POWER seems Moses did miracle.Moses’ rod staff in passage in the Book of Exodus, chapter 17, describes Moses and his two companions watching the battle from a hill. Moses holds the Rod of God in his right hand supported by the two symbolic of persistence to the end for VICTORY. Moses told Joshua, choose men to go and fight Amalek and I will stand on top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand. Joshua did as Moses said and fought Amalek. Moses, Aaron, and Hur went to the top of the hill. It came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed but if he let down his hand Amalek prevailed. Moses hands were heavy so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur held up his hands, on each side so his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. Joshua fought Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword until the going down of the sun when these three patriarchs watched the final moments of the battle. Moses is in the middle while Aaron and Hur hold up his arms to ensure victory. Aaron, in red, is on the right. The battle depicts conflict between unyielding and steadfast willpower of Moses against his physical and emotional exhaustion by help of his companions. Others think of the rod up as crucifixion scenes by his raised outstretch arms signify physical suffering and triumph. So readers ask if Moses’ staff was the same one used by his brother Aaron or used Aaron’s rod as debated by scholars. Some even think staff Jacob crossed Jordan with is identical with that Judah gave to his daughter-in-law, Tamar in Genesis 32; and 10:28; 18. The Holy rod Moses used in Exodus 4, 20, 21 if Aaron performed wonders before Pharaoh in Exodus 7, 10 and David used to slay the giant Goliath in I Samuel 17,40. David’s descendants, as Davidic kings used it as scepter until destruction of Temple then disappears. The Messiah is to be given the scepter of His Authority over all nations. A Jewish legend says rod created at the beginning of the world on the sixth day of creation passed through the hands of the major patriarchs before inherited by Moses.Details of images on the rod staff seen but speculations about what happened to Moses’s staff. Midrash homiletic of biblical exegesis says the staff passed through generations in possession of Judean kings till first Temple destroyed. Uknown what became of staff after the Temple was destroyed and Jews exiled from the land. According to identifying documentat Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Moses’s staff is display at the Topkapı Palace,Istanbul, Turkey. Others writers believe Moses rod staff in Birmingham through series of unfortunate situations ends up there. Other documentaries on the rod staff of Moses traced it’s routes from Israel’s caves dug for centuries by collectors as artefacts. Eventually found in tomb intended for Moses with Egypt’s hylographic symbols translated as their Egyptian Name of Moses the prince in Egypt. Believed to pass on from several people including a planned journey to America from Ireland but rebooked on another ship so saved from the Titanic sinking by icebergs enroute. Is Moses in the Bible same Egyptian official called Tuthmosis of Ancient history? But the staff in the process of the navigational route of the story do not think so. They think there is discrepancy in time of the events compared to Biblical timelines so do not feel the rod in the Museum is the exact same one connected to the Bible. It is a debate in a book suggesting may be there were two different Moses not just the one in the Bible as book claims. Coventry writer Graham Phillips thinks the staff displayed at the Birmingham Museum, belongs to historical Egyptian official Tuthmosis, whose life is similar with strong parallels with Moses of the Bible. Phillips says, “I am certain this is the actual staff the Bible asserts Moses used to perform miracles of Exodus,” he told BBC News Online. But his claim is disputed by the curator of Birmingham Museum, Phil Watson. Bible says Moses was raised by daughter of Pharaoh and led the enslaved Israelites out of Egypt to part Red Sea with staff into Canaan. Supernatural miracles performed by his rod staff in Bible shows Moses the living historical Moses was based on figures in different time periods a 100 years apart. First, dating from 1460 BC as Egyptian court official called Tuthmosis like the biblical Moses, was brought up by the daughter of king of Egypt. Like Moses, Tuthmosis was expelled from Pharaoh’s court was sympathetic to plight of slave workers. Mr Phillips said the staff has name of Tuthmosis on it and describes him as a court official. His research revealed the staff was found in tomb in southern Jordan in the 1800s before bought by British collector and later acquired by Birmingham Museum. Mr Watson, principal curator of human history at Birmingham Museum, said he had not yet had a chance to study Mr Phillips’s book The Moses Legacy, but said some of the claims linking the staff to Moses were “tenuous” as “Tuthmosis was a common name in Egypt. The staff was acquired by museum in 1952 so its history before is problematic for tracing witnesses to interview them.” And so Mr Watson said it was more likely the staff originally come from a tomb in Egypt rather than in Jordan. “I will look at the book and I am sure it will be interesting he said. “I spent a lot of my time telling people ancient Egypt is about ordinary people and not about treasure or some really important people.”Moses asked God to embolden him to carry out God’s mission confidently. If able to speak to speak with a “voice” of confidence he may not perhaps use his rod staff. God encouraged Moses by HIS concession of sending Aaron with HIS Command and to take staff in 4:17. Moses, not Pharaoh or others knew reasons behind Moses’ need of reference to staff in 4:20. Once the rod staff is supernaturally used it is “God’s staff” no longer a piece of stick. It is a token symbol as Moses viewed staff as surety from God to empower Moses to believe he will succeed. Though staff was not in God’s original plan the staff for Moses later the Jews associate God’s POWER by association. The Jews believe Moses fully knows God’s miracles prior to the staff being raised by the princess daughter of Pharaoh. God said the staff was used “so Jews will believe God of the patriarchs appeared to Moses in 4:5.God miracle of the staff to convince Jews but God said “they will listen to your voice in Exodus 3:18” with the staff.So the staff provides Moses with assurance to feel confident that Jews will listen. The staff emboldened Moses genuinely as sign so Jews, Pharaoh, world see God’s POWER. However God is not limited to using rod staff only as other miracles show in life.
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Staff of Moses ‘found’ in Birmingham BBC Documentary on Book