Deuteronomy 10:12-13 Now, Israel, what does the LORD your God require of you, but to Fear the LORD your God, to walk in all HIS Ways, to love HIM, to serve the LORD your God with all your heart with all your soul to keep the commandments and statutes of the LORD Commanding you today for your good? God DEMANDS an Exclusive Love from Israel so Begins with Israel FIRST because God Corrects those HE LOVES. Israel’s Destiny is tied to ALL Nations on earth as FOCAL POINT of GOD’S PRESENCE. Israel’s Abrahamic Everlasting Covenant REQUIRES ALL TO BELONG TO A JEALOUS GOD JEHOVAH. God made Covenant with Israel through Abraham Agreement but Warned him in Genesis 15:13 that his offspring, Isaac’s descendants will not FULLY OBEY God as required so will spend 400 years for the disobedience of God to become strangers in a land which does not belong to them for rebellion against God. Abraham also did not wait for God’s offspring heir God Promised him so did not Fully Obey God but had Ishmael with servant Hagar. As result later when Isaac was born conflict led to depature of Hagar with Ishmael as a child whose descendants known as the Ishmaelites cousins who bought Joseph.maps-bible-archeology-exodus-ishmaelites-amalekites


Israel’s Covenant through Abraham also INCLUDES ALL Nations on earth. God’s Covenant tied to Promised Land of Israel God’s PILOT PROJECT to Save All Nations on Earth. God’s Covenant extends to All Nations also required to fully Obey God. God’s Relationship with Israel impacts whole world. God in Genesis 17:1-8, Said I AM GOD ALMIGHTY walk before ME blameless. I WILL MAKE MY COVENANT BETWEEN ME MULTIPLY EXCEEDINGLY. So you shall be a Father of many Nations you shall be EXCEEDINGLY FRUITFUL, I WILL MAKE Nations of you, Kings shall come from you. I WILL ESTABLISH MY COVENANT BETWEEN ME and also your descendants after you in generations for Everlasting COVENANT to be God to you and your descendants after you. To Give you and your descendants the LAND in which you are a stranger, ALL LAND OF CANAAN AS EVERLASTING POSSESSION5642144So God WILL BE THEIR GOD as Abraham WORSHIPPED GOD. To Seal COVENANT God Asked Abraham in Genesis 15:9-21 for animals cut in half except birds to lay pieces in 2 rows making pathway. So this Covenant Confirmed Promises God Made to Abraham: Promise of Heirs, LAND and of BLESSINGS in Genesis 12:2-3. BLOOD Covenant Communicated an OATH. Both to walk between slaughtered animals to say, So May this be done to me if I do not keep oath in Jeremiah 34:18-19. Through Blood Covenant God Confirms 3 Promises Made to Abraham. A Covenant Sacrificed animals, blood poured, walked through blood Sign of AGREEMENT not to break COVENANT or atone with blood sacrifice. Sad to say the terms of the Covenant was not fully Obeyed or lived up to. Abraham got heir Ishmael through Sarah’s advise by Hagar giving birth to Ishmaelite Arab cousins of Jews. So created sibling rivalry conflict since then between 2descendant nations. As God Warned Abraham Israel was 400 years in exile from the Promised LAND for breaking God’s Covenant with Father Abraham happened in Egypt. fertile-crescent-pdf-41-638Israel or Jacob’s 12 sons as a great grand children descendants of Abraham served 400 years but adding 30 years from Isaac birth was 430 years in total. Remember Covenant made with Abraham as Moses points out Nation of Israel did not start with Jacob, but Abraham in Genesis 12:2. Passage also includes Isaac and Abraham in the Nation of Israel. 430 years prior to Exodus for 259 years as Jews first lived in Egypt so not a contradiction. The Nation named after Jacob IsraeI but started with Abraham. Elephantine papyri, caches of legal documents and letters written in Aramaic amply documents the lives of a community of Jewish soldiers stationed as part of a frontier garrison in Egypt for Achaemenid Empire.  So established at Elephantine about 650 BCE during King Manasseh’s reign some Jewish soldiers assisted Pharaoh Psammetichus I  in the Nubian campaign. The religious system strong traces of Babylonianpolytheism Babylonianpolytheism. Certain scholars say community mixed JudaeoSamaritan origins, maintained their own temple, functioning alongside local deity Chum.slide_27

Documents cover the period 495 to 399 BCE. The Hebrew Bible records large number of Jews took refuge in Egypt after destruction of Kingdom of Judah in 597 BCE, and subsequent assassination of Jewish governor, Gedaliah noted in the Bible in 2 Kings 25:22-24, Jeremiah 40:6-8. On hearing of appointment, the Jewish population fled to Moab, Ammon, Edom and in other countries returned to Judah in Jeremiah 40:11-12. Before long Gedaliah’s assassination and population left in land and some returned, ran away to Egypt for their safety in 2Kings 25:26, Jeremiah 43:5-7. So made their way into Egypt and settled in Migdol, Tahpanhes, Nop and Pathros in Jeremiah 44:1. Moses later sent by God to deliver descendants of the Jews called Hebrews then. After a series of Miraculous Interventions God is finally Obeyed by Pharaoh to leave Egypt return to Canaan land where Abraham was originally living. God Instituted the Passover lamb eaten in a hurry with the unleaved bread and bitter herbs during final day of Exodus from Egypt then left.slide_47

On return under Caleb and Joshua Jews, Israel RETURN after 40 years wilderness journey. The tribes now resettled in Holy Land named under each of 12 tribes of the Sons of Jacob Israel. Each tribe was allocated land based on population size and the duties required from each Tribe. Nation of Israel led by God under Judges and prophets had no king for years but was DIRECTLY INSTRUCTED BY GOD. In the Land of Canaan apart from Levites some picked up religious rituals blended into Worship of Monotheistic Yahweh. So did Fully Obey GOD’S COVENANT despite sufferings lessons not learned from God’s Anger or Jealousy of serving other gods. It became clear God was going to destroy Tabernacle Temple in Jerusalem so Jews send away again from Land of Israel into captivity as another punishment again. It is breaking of God’s Covenant that led to numerous exiles. After this led to further exiles in other lands of Babylon, Assyria, Media destructions of Temples Promised Land left desolate years with a remnant  few poor in Israel, land taken by others.
Israel returns years later rebuilt Temple but repeats idolatory and God Punishes again Sending Greeks, Romans etc to rule and tax them. Despite warnings to REPENT to SERVE ONLY GOD continued breaking COVENANT with God. So goes again into many other captivity leaving Promised Land in ruins and taken over by others who renamed land. Continued until Aliyah in 1948 Israel Nation rebirth so expects to rebuild Temple again but is warned the antiChrist will blaspheme in God’s New Temple replacing old Temple destroyed. God Said destruction was for forsaking LORD God WHO Led the way in Jeremiah 2:17. Israel mourns 21 days Fast of Tammuz Tzom Tammuz. Jewish people remember tragic affliction and anguish. On 17th of Tammuz in 586 BC and AD 70 walls of Jerusalem breached by Babylonians and Romans. 1st and 2nd Temples destroyed by Babylonians in 586 BC and Romans in AD 70 three weeks later on 9th of Av. In Judaism breach of Jerusalem’s walls and the subsequent destruction of Temple are considered great tragedies the result of rebellious idolatry. God WAS Angry SO Forsook for season, disasters calamities God HID HIS FACE due to wickedness turning to other gods Deuteronomy 31:16-18.

The current walls surrounding Jerusalem built between AD 1535 and 1538 during   the Ottoman Empire.  Around 1000 BC, David and Solomon extended original walls that were built by the Jebusites.  Ezra and Nehemiah rebuilt the walls destroyed by Babylonians. Observant Jews are fasting today until nightfall in order to mourn breach of Jerusalem’s walls. Today begins a three-week period of teshuvah (repentance) called Bein ha-Metzarim (Between the Straits) or The 3 Weeks. During this period, Orthodox Jews will limit celebrations not carrying out marriages avoiding expressions of joy, such as playing musical instruments and reciting songs of praise. Although this is a time of mourning, it is a time of hope Zechariah prophesied 17th of Tammuz transformed into a day of joy. Fasts of 4th, 5th, 7th, and 19th months to be joyful glad occasion of happy festivals for Judah. All to Love, Truth and PEACE in Zechariah 8:19, MESSIAH THE TRUTH AND THE PRINCE OF TRUE PEACE! The raised temporary structure on the right side of this photo of the Western Wall Plaza is the Mugrabi Bridge, only access point for Jews and Christians to the Temple Mount above. Jews prays at the Western Wailing Wall last remnant of their Holy Temple. Tzom Tammuz, is a minor fast carrying Hope of a Major Promise. So on day and throughout 3 Weeks, Jewish People look forward to the coming Third Temple and Messianic Era when Sar Shalom Prince of Peace will Reign in Jerusalem. Sadly 99% of God’s Chosen Jewish people in Israel do not yet recognize Yeshua Messiah Jesus Fulfilled Messianic prophecies suffering Messiah on His First Coming. Pray He RETURN to RULE IN JERUSALEM AS KING MESSIAH. GOD PLACED HIS SON AS CHOSEN KING YESHUA ON DAVID’S THRONE Jerusalem GOD’S HOLY MOUNTAIN in Psalm 2:6 in Bible. Tzom Tammuz, Seek God pray for God’s Mercy Grace. God’s people Called by Name humbly repent GOD HEARS in HEAVEN, FORGIVES, HEALS LAND.Peace of Jerusalem GoodNews GOSPEL of Yeshua, the Lord of Lords and King of Kings with Jews people everywhere and to all nations. Time is short Jesus is coming soon! Tourists on Mount of Olives look toward the Temple Mount where 1st and 2nd Second Jewish Temples once stood in Jerusalem. The Annual 3 week period of mourning of destruction of the Holy Temple, and ongoing exile of Jewish People, on the 17th of Hebrew month of Tammuz. The 17th of Tammuz is a minor fast day, marks date when the Romans breached the walls of Jerusalem in AD 70. So this mourning period ends on the 9th of Av or August 13. This is the saddest day of the Jewish year, date both Temples were destroyed. Cry of Prophet Jeremiah on the Ruins of Jerusalem, by Ilya Repin Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow reminds of affliction anguish.  Important to treat end time God Plan with the sense of urgency to stand with Israel in JESUS Name. This three-week period called “between the straits” dire strait in the Book Lamentations 1:3. Judah went into exile due to affliction of great servitude so settled among nations did not find REST. All pursuers overtook between boundaries בֵּ֥יןהַמְּצָרִֽים  between straits, distress, pain in anguish affliction in Lamentations 1:3. The Jewish people say straits or מְּצָרִֽים pronounced mi-tza-rim,represent the fast days of the 17th of Tammuz and the 9th of Av, which bookend 3 Weeks of affliction anguish.jer16-map_captivity_routesBreaking God’s Strict Bible Commands that forbids people of God to practice sorcery; magic, seeking guidance from astrologers, sorcerers, consulting stars by psychics or palm readers, or reading stars, practising necromancy to consult dead for comfort, advise, help warned: “When you come into the land which the LORD your God is giving you, you shall not learn to follow the abominations of those nations.  There shall not be found among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter pass through fire, or one who practices witchcraft, or soothsayer, or one who interprets omens, sorcerers, or one who conjures spells, or a medium, or a spiritualist or one who calls up dead to talk to them. “For all who do these things are an abomination to the LORD, and because of these abominations the LORD God drives them out from before you. You shall be blameless before LORD your God. Those nations dispossessed listened to soothsayers, diviners but as for you, the LORD your God DOES NOT APPROVE OF IT so did not appoint for you in Deuteronomy 18:9–13. So Ignoring GOD’S Instructions and Warnings caused God to punish Israel too and taken into captivity many times. Heteronym מצרים mitz-ra-im Hebrew Egypt recalls that time of Israelite 400year affliction under Pharaoh to give added meaning to times. 21-day period 2 fast days in Tammuz and Av is the mourning period historically as seen as greater degree of misfortune and calamity for the Jewish People, breaking of Tablets of the Law by Moses; burning Sefer Torah by Apostomus in the Second Temple era; destruction of Temples; and expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492.085Siege of Jerusalem, Temple destruction during 3 Weeks remain associated with the sense of God’s Divine judgment. So prompts Jewish people to avoid possible dangers through time period dangerous places, flight and major operations. God Delivers HIS people so many times and Continues in Living History. Yet Despite these breaking of terms of Covenant God Mercifully Restores Again Again Israel so many GENERATIONS in LAND, Canaan. HISTORY of Israel Designed by God and changing by Supernatural Plan of God for the WHOLE WORLD THROUGH ISRAEL. So Israel’s pain, grief and sorrow affects whole because God Uses ISRAEL to show the whole world what will happen if all others rebel against Him as ISRAEL did. Before Destruction Israel called to allies but betrayed priests and elders perished in the city while they searched for food to keep themselves alive. Lord God how distressed Israel is in torment within, in heart disturbed rebellious outside sword bereaves inside is death in Lamentations 1:19–20. Under Roman occupation, great “affliction and great servitude” of God’s people worse due to prominent idolatry, Rome deified and worshiped emperors.

A few decades Jerusalem’s destruction in AD 37–41, Gaius Caesar Caligula tried to erect idol of himself in the Solomon Temple. Fuels Roman-Jewish religious tension Jewish political party known as Zealots, Jesus Yeshua’s apostle Simon was member in Matthew 10:4. Employed violence and an anti-taxation protest to shake yoke of Rome’s invasive rule. Instead infuriate Romans responded in AD 66 executed 6,000 Jews in Jerusalem plundered, not total destruction Temple. Bust of Gaius Caesar Caligula demanded that a statue of himself be erected in the Jewish Temple of Jerusalem in the direct conflict with Jewish God of Monotheism. Because Jewish faith is firmly rooted in monotheism and so has no room for the worship of Caligula. So he “regarded the Jews with most especial suspicion, they were only people who cherished God so opposed to his wish, according to Philo. The conflict fanned 1st Jewish Roman War or the Great Revolt.  On the one side was the Roman legions including 30,000 Syrian Legion on the other were several Jewish factions, the Zealots, Sadducees, Pharisees, Idumeans, Sicarii, volunteers from Adiabene, and ancient Assyrian kingdom, rulers converted to Judaism in first century in the Jewish Encyclopedia.
The revolt saw great infighting among the Jewish factions within Jerusalem, Rome attacked from without, breaching the first two of Jerusalem’s three walls in early AD 70 and the third wall on the 17th of Tammuz, and then the Antonia Fortress near the Temple. Titus, the son of emperor Vespasian, and commander-in-chief of Rome’s Jewish campaign, led devastating siege.  Following the breach, Titus slaughtered most of Jerusalem’s residents and razed its buildings. By the 9th of Av, the Romans reached Temple so devastated physical point of contact between Heaven and Earth 2nd Second Temple. Yeshua Jesus had prophesied this very destruction less than 50 years earlier. As Yeshua was leaving Temple, one of his disciples said to him, ‘Look, Teacher!  What massive stones!  What magnificent buildings!’ ‘Do you see all these great buildings?’ replied Yeshua.  ‘Not one stone will be left on top of other every one will be thrown down in Mark 13:1–2. This came to pass indeed!!!
Model of the Second Temple as shown. It an occasion of deep sorrow sadness and grief. The Practice of Grief during the Shabbat services throughout 3 Weeks all Jewish congregations will read prophetic Haftarah portions of Scripture in Isaiah and Jeremiah that speak of the Temple’s destruction and exile of Jewish nation. It is also a Time of Expectation because on Shabbat, focus is one of faith and hope in the Bible. The Jewish Torah states on every Shabbat is a foretaste of Messianic Era.  On Shabbat Jewish people focus on positive aspects of the period noting that constraints associated with mourning during 3 Weeks are lifted on Shabbat. Yet
nevertheless, is a mourning period and during 21 days rejoicing lessened as if mourning a loved one. Observant Jews will not listen to music or hold weddings and other celebrations; they will avoid entertaining activities trips that would provoke joy so will not shave or cut hair. Nine Days of Av, observant Jews will not buy new things which bring joy, plant flowers and trees, make home improvements. They avoid washing any clothes, wearing freshly washed clothes, bathing for pleasure permitting bathing for hygiene in cool water no eating meat and drinking wine or merriment.
The men on the left and women on right sections at the Western Wailing Wall in Jerusalem. Jewish people consider site Holiest accessible site in Judaism and in Christianity. Above Temple Mount, the Holiest site in Judaism because First and Second Temples once stood there though not accessible for Jewish prayer. Waiting for the Messiah as Jewish people avoid potential dangers during 3 Weeks, avoid risks during Nine Days of Av, including litigation with non-Jews, because of the potential disadvantages it might bring.
The only access available is through the raised temporary structure on the right side of the Western Wall Plaza Mugrabi Bridge access point for Jews, Christians to Temple Mount above Wailing Wall. It
is the Constant breaking of COVENANT the Reason for Punishment: “Hear this Word Israel, the Word Lord has spoken against you against all the whole family brought up out of Egypt. ‘You Only God Chose of all families of earth so Punishes you for all your sins in Amos 3:1–2. The 3 Weeks inspire great thought individual and national shortcoming led, to Adonai punishing Nation. Rabbi Yehudah Prero recalls stories Talmud of Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakkai, who saw Temple destruction devastation to inhabitants: “Yochanan knew that such terrible tragedy only occurred through the HAND of God.So Knowing God is nearby is a source of comfort during times of pain.” Prero continues, “Pain and suffering are not the result of God deserting us. Like the punishment of a parent borne out of love for the child, pains the parent as much as it pains child.  Although their child suffers, if he or she recognized that this punishment was done out of love, there is some comfort in Project Genesis. Prero re-asserts rabbinic sentiment and Israel’s lot is not a state of mediocrity but of completion. Israel experiences a “fantastic height” as in the rebirth of the nation or a “horrendous downfall” as  destruction of both Temples. Indeed, the Fast of the Tammuz falls 40 days after the feast of Shavuot when Moses received the Ten Commandments on Har(Mount) Sinai.  Like other 40-day periods in the Bible, one closes with the opportunity to bring forth a new creation. God Opportunity to strengthen relationship with God gives opportunity to start climb to greatness. Important to Remember God is dealing with the whole modern world punishing God PUNISHES ISRAEL CHOSEN ROLE MODEL TO LEAD ALL NATIONS TO GOD. CHANGES TAKE PLACE WRATH ANGER OF GOD BECAUSE GOD WILL NOT BE IGNORED FOREVER. GOD BRINGS CHANGES THROUGH JESUS CHRIST TO RESTORE WHOLE WORLD. So this is the cause of conflict in this world taken from THEOCRATIC GOD. 
 Jerusalem Jewish man prays at Wailing Wailing Wall in the Old City of Jerusalem wearing a tallit prayer shawl, a kippah head covering, tefillin (phylacteries. The Israeli Ministry Tourism photo, Noam Chen. These 21 days, compels Jewish nation to SEEK and RETURN to God of Israel and to His CALLING, as prophet Isaiah announced, “Your people will rebuild the ancient ruins and will raise up age-old foundations; will be called Repairer of Broken Walls, Restorer of Streets with Dwellings in Isaiah 58:12. The mournful anguish meditations of Jewish nation 3 Weeks of deeper souls earching teshuvah repentance. With this is the knowledge God longs to revive the Jewish People. YAHWEH HIGH LY EXALTED ONE SAYS HE WHO FOREVER LIVES  WHOSE NAME IS HOLY. ‘GOD LIVES IN A HIGH AND HOLY PLACE but with one who is contrite lowly in spirit, to revive Spirit of lowly to revive heart of contrite. God will not accuse forever or will always angry for they would faint because of God the very people God Created in Isaiah 57:15–16. Jews enter 3 week period of serious teshuvah, think of Coming of Messiah. PRAY FOR PEACE FOR JERUSALEM AND ISRAEL and for Jewish people to find the Messiah. So
play active role in God’s end-time plans making intercession for Israel, Jewish people during 3weeks standing by the work of God’s Ministry. “God Is Ready to SET things RIGHT not in distant future but RIGHT NOW!  God Ready to SAVE all Jerusalem, SHOW HIS GLORY to Israel in Isaiah 46:13. THROUGH MERCY, GRACE COMPASSION THROUGH FORGIVINESS.

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