WHAT IS ANTI-SEMITISM?

dns2Anti-Semitism is illogical and irrational hatred of Jews by ignorant people who do not understand God’s Chosen people. Jesus is a Jew yet bitter fruit stems from psychological, political religious roots to accuse Jews of killing Jesus. All humans are fully responsible for Jesus’ death for their sins because all have sinned and fallen short of the Glory of God. Passover crowd that shouted crucify Him includes all nations under the heavens. In article: Antisemitism in patristics after Paul’s death, Christianity emerged as a separate religion so Pauline Christianity emerged as the dominant form of Christianity. So James and the other apostles agreed on a compromise set of requirements in Acts 15. Some Christians continued to adhere to aspects of Jewish law, but were few in number and considered heretics by the Church due to confluct in doctrines. The Ebionites seem to deny the virgin birth of Jesus, physical Resurrection of Jesus, and most of the books later canonized as the New Testament. The Ethiopian Orthodox  continue Old Testament practices such as the Sabbath. 4th century Church Father John Chrysostom complained that some Christians were still attending Jewish synagogues. So Church Fathers identified Jews and Judaism with heresy declared the people of Israel to be extra Deum  in latin or “outside of God”. Saint Peter of Antioch referred to the Christians who refused to worship religious images as having “Jewish minds.” Patristic bishops of the patristic like Augustine argued Jews should be left alive to suffer as a perpetual reminder of their murder of Christ. Like his anti-Jewish teacher, St. Ambrose of Milan, he defined Jews as a special subset of those damned tohell. As “Witness People“, he sanctified collective punishment for the Jewish deicideand enslavement of Jews to Catholics: “Not by bodily death, shall ungodly race of carnal Jews perish… ‘Scatter them abroad, take away their strength bring them down O Lord.'” Augustine claimed to “love” the Jews but as a means to convert them to Christianity. Sometimes he identified all Jews with the evil Judas and developed the doctrine (together with St. Cyprian) that there was “no salvation outside the Church. Other Church Fathers, such as John Chrysostom, went further in their condemnation. The Catholic editor Paul Harkins wrote that St. John Chrysostom‘s anti-Jewish theology is no longer tenable, For objectively unchristian acts cannot be excused, even if the product of times.” John Chrysostom held, as Church Fathers did the sins of all Jews were communal and endless so Jewish neighbours were collective representation of all alleged crimes of all preexisting Jews. All Church Fathers used passages in New Testament concerning alleged crucifixion of Christ to all Jews of his day seen as the ultimate evil. John Chrysostom went so far to say because Jews rejected Christian God in human flesh, Christ, they deserved to be killed: “grew fit for slaughter.” Citing the New Testament in Luke 19:27, he claimed Jesus was speaking about Jews when he said, as for the enemies of mine who did not want me to reign over them bring them here and slay them before me.

St. Jerome identified Jews with Judas Iscariot and the immoral use of money of Judas as cursed in Judas the Jews may be accursed…so their prayers turn into sins. Jerome’s homiletical assaults served as the basis for the anti-Jewish Good Friday liturgy contrasts Jews with the evil, and “the ceremonies of the Jews are harmful and deadly to Christians”, whoever keeps them doomed to the devil. “My enemies are Jews; they have conspired in hatred against Me, crucified Me, heaped evils of all kinds upon Me, blasphemed Me. And Ephraim the Syrian wrote polemics against Jews in 4th century, including the repeated accusation satan dwells among them as a partner. These writings were directed at Christians proselytized by Jews. Ephraim feared they were slipping back into Judaism so portrayed Jews as the enemies of Christianity, like satan, to emphasize contrast between religions. So Christianity was Godly and true, Judaism was satanic and false. His objective was to dissuade Christians from reverting to Judaism by what he saw as wickedness of the Jews and their religion. However, positive remarks from Church Fathers on the issue, by Eusebius of Caesarea (circa. 263-340 A.D) in his Ecclesiastical History said, “The race of Hebrews is not new, but is honoured among all men for its antiquity and is itself well known to all.”

Middle Ages

Main article: Medieval antisemitism

A miniature from Grandes Chroniques de France depicts expulsion of Jews from France in 1182. Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153), a Doctor of Catholic Church, said “For us Jews are Scripture’s living words, because they remind us of what Our Lord suffered. They are not to be persecuted, killed, or even put to flight.” So the Jews were subject to a wide range of legal disabilities and restrictions in Medieval Europe. Jews were excluded from many trades, occupations varying with place, time, determined, influenced by non-Jewish competing interests. Jews were barred from all occupations but money-lending and peddling with these at times forbidden. Jews association to money lending carried on throughout history in the stereotype of Jews being greedy and perpetuating capitalism, as can be seen in the writings of Karl Marx.

In later medieval period, the number of Jews permitted to reside in certain places was limited; they were concentrated in ghettos, and were not allowed to own land; they were subject to discriminatory taxes on entering cities or districts other than their own, The Oath More Judaico, the form of oath required from Jewish witnesses, in some places developed bizarre or humiliating forms, e.g. in Swabian law of 13th century, Jew would be required to stand on the hide of a sow or a bloody lamb. The Fourth Lateran Council in 1215 was the first to proclaim requirement for Jews to wear something to distinguish them as Jews (and Muslims the same). On many occasions, Jews were accused of blood libel supposed drinking of blood of Christian children in mockery of the ChristianEucharist. Sicut Judaeis in the “Constitution for the Jews” was the official position of the papacy regarding Jews throughout Middle Ages and later. The first bull was issued in about 1120 by Calixtus II, intended to protect Jews who suffered during First Crusade, and was reaffirmed by many popes, even until the 15th century though not always strictly upheld. The bull forbade, besides other things, Christians from coercing Jews to convert, or to harm them, or to take their property, or to disturb the celebration of their festivals, or to interfere with their cemeteries, on pain of excommunication.

Popular antisemitism

Antisemitism in popular European Christian culture escalated beginning in the 13th century. Blood libels and host desecrationdrew popular attention and led to many cases of persecution against Jews. Many believed Jews poisoned wells to cause plagues. In the case of blood libel it was widely believed Jews would killed a child before Easter and needed Christian blood to bake matzo. And so throughout history if a Christian child was murdered accusations of blood libel arose no matter how small the Jewish population. The Church added to the fire by portraying the dead child as a martyr who was tortured and child had powers like Jesus as believed so children were made into Saints. Imagery as Judensau and Ecclesia et Synagoga recur in the Christian art and architecture. In Iceland one hymn repeated in days leading up to Easter include the lines, The righteous Law of Moses The Jews here misapplied, Which their deceit exposes, Their hatred and their pride. Judgement is the Lord’s when by falsification the foe makes accusation It’s His to make awards.

Persecutions and expulsions

In Middle ages in Europe persecutions and formal expulsions of Jews were liable to occur at intervals, although it should be said that this was also the case for other minority communities, whether religious or ethnic. There were outbursts of riotous persecution in the Rhineland massacres of 1096 in Germany leading to the First Crusade, many involving the crusaders as they travelled to the East. There were many local expulsions from cities by local rulers and city councils. In Germany the Holy Roman Emperor tried to restrain persecution, for economic reasons, but often unable to exert much influence. In the Edict of Expulsion, King Edward I expelled all Jews from England in 1290 (only after ransoming some 3,000 among the most wealthy of them), on the accusation of usury and undermining loyalty to the dynasty. In 1306 there was a wave of persecution in France and the widespread Black Death Jewish persecutions as Jews blamed by many Christians for plague, or spreading it. As late as 1519, Imperial city of Regensburg took advantage of the recent death of Emperor Maximilian I to expel 500 Jews.

Expulsion of Jews from Spain

In Alhambra Decree much of the largest expulsion of Jews followed Reconquista  or reunification of Spain, and preceded expulsion of the Muslims who would not convert, religious rights were protected by the Treaty of Granada (1491). On 31 March 1492 Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, the rulers ofSpain who financed Christopher Columbus‘ voyage to the New World just a few months later in 1492, declared that all Jews in their territories should either convert to Christianity or leave country. While some converted, many others left for Portugal, France, Italy(including the Papal States), Netherlands,Poland, the Ottoman Empire, and North Africa. Man who fled to Portugal were later expelled by King Manuel in 1497 or left to avoid forced conversion and persecution.

Renaissance 17th century

On 14 July 1555, Pope Paul IV issued papal bull Cum nimis absurdum which revoked all the rights of the Jewish community and placed religious and economic restrictions on Jews in the Papal States, renewed anti-Jewish legislation and subjected Jews to various degradations and restrictions on their personal freedom. The bull established the Roman Ghetto and required Jews of Rome, which had existed as a community since before Christian times and which numbered about 2,000 at the time, to live in it. The Ghetto was walled quarter with three gates locked at night. Jews were restricted to one synagogue per city. And Paul IV’s successor,Pope Pius IV enforced  creation of other ghettos in most Italian towns as his successor, Pope Pius V to other bordering states.

Protestant Reformation

Martin Luther at first made overtures towards the Jews, believing that the “evils” ofCatholicism had prevented their conversion to Christianity. When his call to convert to his version of Christianity was unsuccessful, he became hostile to them. In his book On the Jews and their Lies, Luther called the Jews “venomous beasts, vipers, disgusting scum, canders, devils incarnate.” He provided detailed recommendations for a pogrom against them, calling for permanent oppression and expulsion, writing “Their private houses must be destroyed, devastated, they could be lodged in stables. Let the magistrates burn their synagogues and let whatever escapes be covered with sand and mud. Let them force to work, and if this avails nothing, we will be compelled to expel them like dogs in order not to expose ourselves to incurring divine wrath and eternal damnation from the Jews and their lies.” At one point he wrote: “…we are at fault in not slaying them…” a passage that “may be termed the first work of modern antisemitism, and a giant step forward on the road to the Holocaust.” Luther’s harsh comments about Jews seen by many as a continuation of medieval Christian antisemitism. In final sermon shortly before death, however, Luther preached: “We want to treat them with Christian love and to pray for them, so that they might become converted and would receive the Lord.”

18th century

In accordance with anti-Jewish precepts of Russian Orthodox Church, Russia’s discriminatory policies towards Jews intensified when the partition of Poland in 18th century resulted the first time in Russian history, in the possession of land with a large Jewish population. This land was designated as the Pale of Settlement for Jews forbidden to migrate into the interior of Russia. In 1772 Catherine II, the empress of Russia, forced the Jews of the Pale of Settlement to stay in shtetls  and forbade them from returning to the towns they occupied before partition of Poland.

19th century

Christianity and Judaism and Relations between Catholicism and Judaism was throughout 19th century and 20th. The Roman Catholic Church incorporated a strong antisemitic elements, despite the increasing attempts to separate the anti-Judaism opposition to Jewish religion on religious grounds or racial antisemitism.  Pope Pius VII (1800–1823) had the walls of the Jewish ghetto in Rome rebuilt after the Jews were emancipated by Napoleon, and Jews were restricted to the ghetto through the end of the Papal States in 1870. Official Catholic organizations, such as Jesuits, banned candidates “who are descended from Jewish race unless it is clear their father, grandfather, and great-grandfather belonged to Catholic Church” until 1946. Brown University historian David Kertzer, working from the Vatican archive, argued in his book The Popes Against the Jews in the 19th century and early 20th century the Roman Catholic Church adhered to a distinction between “good antisemitism” and “bad antisemitism.” The “bad” kind promoted hatred of Jews because of their descent considered un-Christian because the Christian message was intended for all of humanity regardless of ethnicity; anyone could become a Christian. The “good” kind criticized alleged Jewish conspiracies to control newspapers, banks, and other institutions, to care only about accumulation of wealth, etc. Many Catholic bishops wrote articles criticizing Jews on such grounds. When accused of promoting hatred of Jews, he reminded people they condemned “bad” kind of antisemitism. Kertzer’s work is not without critics. Scholar of Jewish-Christian relations Rabbi David G. Dalin, criticized Kertzer in the Weekly Standard for using evidence selectively.

20th-century

WWI to the eve of WWII

Pope Benedict XV and Judaism In 1916, in midst of First World War, American Jews petitioned Pope Benedict XV on behalf of the Polish Jews against Nazi  antisemitism. On April 26, 1933 Hitler declared during a meeting with Roman Catholic Bishop Wilhelm Berning (de) of Osnabrück: “I was attacked because of my handling of the Jewish question. The Catholic Church consider Jews pestilent for fifteen hundred years, put them in ghettos, etc., because it recognized Jews for what they were. In the epoch of liberalism the danger was no longer recognized. I am moving back toward the time in which a fifteen-hundred-year-long tradition was implemented. I do not set race over religion, but I recognize the representatives of this race as pestilent for the state and for the Church, and perhaps I am thereby doing Christianity a great service by pushing them out of schools and public functions.” These transcripts of discussion contains no response by Bishop Berning. Martin Rhonheimer does not consider this unusual since, in his opinion, for a Catholic Bishop in 1933 there was nothing particularly objectionable “in this historically correct reminder.”

The Nazis used Martin Luther‘s book, On the Jews and Their Lies (1543), to claim a moral righteousness for their ideology. Luther even went so far as to advocate the murder of those Jews who refused to convert to Christianity, writing that “we are at fault in not slaying them.

Archbishop Robert Runcie has asserted that: “Without centuries of Christian antisemitism, Hitler’s passionate hatred would never have been so fervently echoed…because for centuries Christians have held Jews collectively responsible for the death of Jesus. On Good Friday Jews, have in times past, cowered behind locked doors with fear of a Christian mob seeking ‘revenge’ for deicide. Without the poisoning of Christian minds through the centuries, the Holocaust is unthinkable. The dissident Catholic priest Hans Küng has written “Nazi anti-Judaism was the work of godless, anti-Christian criminals. But would not be possible without two thousand years’ pre-history of ‘Christian’ anti-Judaism. The document Dabru Emet. issued by 220 rabbis  intellectuals from all branches of Judaism in 2000 stated Jewish-Christian relations. Document states,

“Nazism was not a Christian phenomenon. Without the long history of Christian anti-Judaism and Christian violence against Jews, Nazi ideology could not have taken hold nor could it have been carried out. Too many Christians participated in, or were sympathetic to, Nazi atrocities against Jews. Other Christians did not protest sufficiently against these atrocities. But Nazism itself was not an inevitable outcome of Christianity.”

According to American historian Lucy Dawidowicz, antisemitism has a long history within Christianity. The line of “antisemitic descent” from Luther, the author of On the Jews and Their Lies, to Hitler is “easy to draw.” In her The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945, she contends that Luther and Hitler were obsessed by the “demonologized universe” inhabited by Jews. Dawidowicz writes that the similarities between Luther’s anti-Jewish writings and modern antisemitism are no coincidence, because they derived from a common history of Judenhass, which can be traced to Haman’s advice toAhasuerus. Although modern German antisemitism also has its roots in Germannationalism and the liberal revolution of 1848,Christian antisemitism she writes is a foundation that was laid by the Roman Catholic Church and “upon which Luther built.”[3]

Collaborating Christians

Opposition to the Holocaust

The Confessing Church was, in 1934, the first Christian opposition group. The Catholic Church officially condemned the Nazi theory of racism in Germany in 1937 with theencyclicalMit brennender Sorge“, signed byPope Pius XI, and Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber led the Catholic opposition, preaching against racism. Many individual Christian clergy and laypeople of all denominations had to pay for their opposition with their life, including:

By the 1940s fewer Christians were willing to oppose Nazi policy publicly, but many secretly helped save lives of Jews. Many sections of Israel’s Holocaust Remembrance Museum, Yad Vashem, dedicated to honoring these “Righteous Among the Nations.” When Jews said crucify Jesus and let His blood be upon us and our children, Jesus prayed for them on the Cross Father forgive them for they know not what they were doing. So there in no need for causing scourge of anti-Semitic that plagued humanity for centuries. Although the term anti-Semitism was only coined in 1879 by the German agitator, Wilhelm Marr, it was soon applied to all forms of hostility toward Jewish people throughout history.1 Its genesis and genealogy go back hundreds of years before Christ. So-called Christian anti-Semitism is antedated by hatred of Jews among ancient peoples. Anti-Jewish prejudice appeared in antiquity mainly in countries which later became part of the Roman Empire. Refusal by the Jews to accept the imperially sanctioned cult in any form was regarded by Rome as a refusal to recognise authority of state, and rejection of rules universally held sacred. Jewish people could only allow themselves to worship the One, true, invisible God. And the Romans refused to recognise fidelity to their God. Caesar was lord so no other god was tolerated, especially an unseen One. The first recorded outbreak of anti-Semitism as a national policy dates back to around 1550 B.C. The Bible records the historical incident. The first chapter of the Book of Exodus credits Egyptians with infamous distinction of beginning national anti-Semitism. Their irrational fear people would and eventually outnumber them led them to the conclusion the Hebrews would take over their mighty empire. Despite the great victory won through Joseph to store food for global famine that brought Joseph’s family to Egypt. Soon the new Pharaoh’s forgot God’s blessings upon Egypt because of the Jews. God increased 70 members of Jacob’s family greatly in Goshen. So midwives were advised to kill all male Jewish babies multiplying since time of Joseph. 2 midwives feared God so refused to kill the babies and God greatly blessed them. Other nations targeted Jewish businesses, and the Synagogues in Hitler Nazi fuelled hatred due to envy and jealousy. This ancient episode has a very modern ring to it!

Who is Really Responsible?

Although anti-Semitism goes back to ancient history, its greatest impetus came as a result of the accusation that the Jews committed deicide, the killing of God by the crucifixion of Christ. It was vehemently asserted that the sole guilt for the death of Jesus Christ must lie with the Jews. Maintaining the guilt of the Jews, the church, primarily composed of Gentiles by this time, sought to “repay” the guilty party, a “repayment” enacted in the name of Christ and for the glory of God. But is it really true that our people bear the sole guilt for the death of Jesus? Have the stinging cries of “Christ-killer” been justified down through the centuries? The New Testament portion of the Bible is our major source of information for the events surrounding the death of Jesus. Where does the New Testament actually place the burden of guilt? Who is really responsible for the death of Jesus Christ? The followers of Jesus recorded the names of those parties who God holds responsible for the death of the Messiah: For truly in this city there were gathered together against Thy holy Servant Jesus, whom Thou didst anoint, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, to do whatever Thy hand and Thy purpose predestined to occur.’ (Acts 4:27-28)

It is obvious that the Jews alone were not responsible for the crucifixion of Jesus. The Roman government, through the decisions of her governing authorities, Herod and Pontius Pilate, bears a portion of the guilt. It is worthy to note that the Roman historian, Tacitus, writing in his Roman Annals (written between A.D. 115 and 117), mentions that Christ “was executed by sentence of the procurator Pontius Pilate in the reign of Tiberius” (Annals, XV. 44). He does not mention Jewish responsibility for the death of Christ. The historical account in Acts also states that the Gentiles share in the guilt of Jesus’ death. And “the peoples of Israel” as well. The first century Jewish historian, Josephus, also records a more balanced responsibility between Pilate and the Jews of the first century (Antiquities of the Jews, XVIII.3). Peter, one of the early Jewish believers, says that the first century Jews crucified Jesus “in ignorance” (Acts 3:17). But without removing human responsibility, it is obvious that God Himself determined that the Messiah must die. Whatever the Romans, the Gentiles, or the peoples of Israel did in first century, they fulfilled whatever the hand and purpose of God predestined (Acts 4:28). It was divine imperative, the Messiah of Israel must die in order to become the Saviour of the world. Isaiah, the prince of our Jewish prophets, predicted such a voluntary death some 700 years before the coming of Jesus the Messiah (Isa.52:13-53:12). It was the Lord who “caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him” (Isa. 53:6). It pleased the Lord “to crush Him, putting Him to grief” (Isa. 53:10). Isaiah prophesied that the Messiah would go to His death willingly, “like a lamb that is led to slaughter, and like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, so he did not open His mouth” (Isa. 53:7).

Jesus Himself made this quite clear when He said, “I lay down my life that I may take it again. No one has taken it away from Me, but l lay it down on My own initiative. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again” (John 10:17-18). The death of Jesus was not the helpless, morbid charade of a demented first century Jewish carpenter. It was God’s greatest display of mercy and grace for a guilty human race. Jesus died voluntarily for humanity and it is all humanity bears the collective guilt for Jesus death. This guilt is removed from anyone, Jew or Gentile, when he receives the Messiah’s Free gift of forgiveness and eternal life.

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While admitting that some of those who professed Christ were responsible for the wholesale persecution of the Jewish people, it does not necessarily follow that they were consistent with biblical teaching on this point. In fact, they demonstrated utter inconsistency with that which they supposedly professed. This can be seen in at least three major areas:

Forgiveness not Revenge!

First, anti-Semitism is totally inconsistent with the stated attitude of Jesus toward the Jews. To believe that Jesus is the Messiah or Christ and then not reflect His attitude toward the Jewish people is the height of hypocrisy, let alone a fallacious inconsistency. Jesus was born a Jew, He lived as a Jew, and He died a Jew, by His choice. Even His resurrection was moulded after Jewish expectation. He lived in the midst of His Jewish people He loved them love as unparalleled in the annals of Jewish history. Even when apparent a large number of His people had rejected His Messianic claims, Jesus wept over a city that not only missed His arrival, but also a city that would come under the Roman destruction in the very near future. Jerusalem, golden, would become Jerusalem the ruin (Luke 19:37-44). Even in hour of death, He prayed, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing” (Luke 23:34). His dying heart desired forgiveness, not revenge! Is it any wonder that Jesus told His disciples that love would be the one undeniable evidence they had been with Him (John 13:34-35)? He commanded them, “Love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you” (Matt. 5:44). One can argue against a doctrine and fight against a cause, but when love is felt, the message is heard! early Jewish believers were known for many things, but none more forcibly than undying love for their Messiah and their Jewish kinsmen. It is utterly inconsistent to despise those so dearly loved by Jesus Himself. Prejudice must fade in the dawn of His love. Second, anti-Semitism is absolutely inconsistent with the attitude and teaching of the Apostles, the early Jewish leaders of the Christian Church. They were not only loyal Jews who had come to believe that Jesus was the Jewish Messiah, but they wrote the documents of the New Testament. They knew Jesus personally and willingly died as martyrs rather than renounce Him. The Apostle Paul, more than any other, carried the good news of the Jewish Messiah to the farthest corners of the earth. Wherever He travelled, He never bypassed Jews; He always went to them first. God’s program begins with the Jews says Romans 1:16. Paul’s greatest sorrow was that many of his kinsmen had rejected their Messiah. This great Apostle’s love for His Jewish people was intense He was willing to surrender and suffer eternal judgment of God on their behalf hoping they would come back to Jesus the Jewish Messiah. He said with great sorrow and unceasing grief in His Heart. The Messiah for the sake of brethren, kinsmen according to the flesh died to save them says Romans  9:2-3. Jesus’ prayers constantly intercede rising before throne of God on behalf of all so, heart’s desire and prayers to God for all is their salvation” (Romans 10:1).

Paul realised Israel’s future is anchored in her great heritage. The Jewish people “are beloved for the sake of the fathers” (Romans 11:28). God’s covenant promises to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are not broken and irretrievably cast aside. The promises stand firm and secure. Like Jesus before him, Paul foresaw a day in the distant future when Israel would experience all of the Messianic blessings, that glorious day when the nation would turn to Jesus as the Messiah of Israel and the Saviour of the world (Romans 11:25-29). The Apostles will be appalled at the centuries of anti-Semitic hatred. It is absolutely inconsistent with their love and concern and their hope for Israel and her future. Speaking the truth in love, we will in every respect grow up into Him who is the head, the Messiah.  Under His control, the whole body is being fitted and held together by the support of every joint, with each part working to fulfill its function; this is how the body grows and builds itself up in love in Ephesians 4:15–16 in the Bible.

Third, anti-Semitism inconsisntent Old Testament portion of the Bible, the only authoritative book of the earliest church. The Jewish Scriptures formed the basis for the early Christian community. To deny Jewish foundation of Christian faith disintegrates New Testament documents incompatible. Christian believers gain so embrace Jewish Scriptures regard fellow Jews in totally equal authority teachings.

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One of the most significant passages in the Jewish Scriptures, a passage to which the early church undoubtedly adhered (see Galatians 3:8), is Genesis 12:1-3. God called Abraham to follow Him to a place that He would show him. He gave to Abraham certain personal, national, and universal promises. One of these promises contained a clause against anti-Semitism. God said to Abraham, “And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse” (Genesis 12:3). God committed Himself without reservation to preserving Abraham and his posterity. And His intention to preserve and bless them is expressed in this phrase. The way an individual or a nation treated Abraham and his people would determine the way God would treat them. Blessing Jews brings God’s blessing and cursing them brings God’s condemnation and punishment. This stipulation against anti-Semitism proves true through biblical and secular history to this very day. All the great powers, individual or corporate, who attempted to exterminate the Jews, fell sooner or later by the same divine stroke of justice, whether it was Assyria or Babylon of the ancient world or Spain or Germany these modern world. Divine promise stands secure and inviolate because God Himself declared it so. And this same principle still stands secure and inviolate today, as it always will. The promise reflects the character and nature of the promise-giver, who is truthful and unchanging. To believe in Christ is to believe in Christ’s Bible. And to believe in His Bible is to believe in God’s covenant with Abraham, the father of the Hebrew people. Any attack on God’s covenant people is an attack on the God of the covenant, which is antithetical to belief in Christ. For He said, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all your mind and “You shall love your neighbour as yourself” (Matt. 22:34-40). Those guilty of attacks show by their fruits they don’t follow Christ at all.

Let’s not court God’s judgment

Believing in Christ does not produce anti-Semitism. It may have been the convenient scapegoat for some, perhaps for many. For prejudice runs deep in the core of people’s experience. But belief in Christ is not the cause of anti-Semitism. In fact, one Jewish source claims that modern anti-Semitism is not religiously motivated at all, “Modern anti-Semitism is thus built on racial, not religious foundations and the adoption of the prevailing faith no longer provides an escape route for persecuted Jews.”3 For a professing Christian to side with the anti-Semite is to side not only against the Jewish Apostles who penned the Christian New Testament, and against the Jewish Messiah who inspired the Christian New Testament, but it also invites the sternest judgment from the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. To court God’s judgement doesn’t seem very rational or logical. A speech at the United Nations, by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, told a story that perfectly illustrates vital importance of Christian understanding anti-Semitism. These powerful words from the Prime Minister said:

“Ladies and gentlemen, one cold day in the late 19th century, my grandfather, Nathan, and his younger brother, Judah, were standing in a railway station in the heart of Europe. They were seen by a group of anti-Semitic hoodlums who ran towards them waving clubs, screaming ‘Death to the Jews!’ My grandfather shouted to his younger brother to flee and save himself, and he then stood alone against the raging mob to slow it down. They beat him senseless; they left him for dead; and before he passed out, covered in his own blood, he said to himself, ‘What a disgrace, what a disgrace. The descendants of the Maccabees lie in the mud, powerless to defend themselves.’ He promised himself that if he lived, he would take his family to the Jewish homeland and help build a future for the Jewish people. I stand here today as Israel’s prime minister because my grandfather kept promise.”

CCWBW8DUIAAmbeXThe Jewish disciples paid a hefty price with their lives to share the Gospel in all nations. Jesus Himself was crucified for sins of the world to graft in Gentiles through Christ to God. So people need to understand astonishing BLESSINGS from Jewish people to the world. The Jewish people need to realise so many people love them genuinely globally with Ambassadors and Friends of Jews Museum in Israel dedicated to proving ‘Gentile’ people risked their lives to save Jews during the holocaust. Jews have more friends than the few loud empty barrel enemies who seem to have no love for them to own hurt. God Said He Will Bless those who bless the Jewish people in Jesus Name. GOD uses Bible archaeology to reveal amazing finds in Israel to confirm roots to homeland. In history, Israel known as the land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the Way of the Sea beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles. People living in darkness have seen a great light so those living in the land of shadow of death God’s light has dawned in Matthew 4:15 – 16. Although many internationals seek to delegitimize Jewish State, archaeology continues to support ancient Jewish connection to the Land. This month, Israel found a consistent champion in the United States Congresswoman Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen who rebuked those trying to delegitimize the Jewish connection to Israel.  She stated before US House of Representatives on December 18 archaeological proof, like the recently discovered royal seal of King Hezekiah from First Temple period in 727–698 BC eradicates the question negating Israel’s Jewish history, JPost.

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The seal, “discovered within the context of an archaeological excavation,” … “proves that not only is Israel the religious center for Jews, it is their ancestral and historic homeland,” Ros-Lehtinen said before the House. For quite some time, there has been an effort at United Nations to delegitimize the Jewish State of Israel and to try to whitewash Jewish people’s historical and Biblical connection to Israel,” she said.  “Denying the historic connection of Jewish people to Jerusalem is false. Amazing archaeological discoveries are frequently made to prove the roots of the Jewish people are in Israel.”


Did Matthew (27:9) falsely attribute a prophecy to Jeremiah that came from Zechariah (11:12-13)? Many skeptics and liberal scholars suggest Matthew’s gospel contains error in Matthew  27:9–10 that fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying, “And they took the thirty pieces of silver the value of Him was priced whom they of the children of Israel priced and gave them for potter’s field as the Lord directed me. Quotation about the thirty pieces of silver is highly reminiscent of Zechariah assumed that Matthew made a mistake. If Matthew did made a mistake the concept of scriptural inerrancy is undermined. The significant error the skeptics make is to approach this passage deliberately looking for an error. If we look at passage assuming scriptural inerrancy, we can see there are several rationalizations of the alleged problem discussed over the years. In short they are:

  1. Said by Jeremiah but later written by Zechariah
  2. Zechariah’s second name is Jeremiah, like “Simon Peter” for Peter
  3. Copyist mistake, but the Syriac and Persian versions have no prophet listed and all the Greek versions do
  4. This is quoting from an apocryphal work of Jeremiah, like Jude quoting from Enoch
  5. The last four chapters of Zechariah were actually written by Jeremiah
  6. Due to a different order of books in the Jewish canon, Jeremiah could be given proper credit for any of the minor prophets
  7. This passage refers to both sections of Jeremiah and Zechariah, and only Jeremiah is mentioned

The first five are less likely, with the last two being the more common explanations (6 and 7). Let’s take a closer look at them.

Prophetic Books 6

This possibility is that Matthew is using a well-established rabbinical formula of referring to a collection of books by the name of the first book in the collection. Jesus used a similar formula inLuke 24:44, where He referred to the Writings section of the Old Testament as Psalms—even though this could include the other writings, such as Proverbs.

In the Jewish Tanakh, the prophetic books were in a different order than the order of the Christian Bible—even though they are all there. The first listed book in the collection of the Prophets was Jeremiah, not Isaiah. Therefore, a citation of Jeremiah could conceivably cover an actual quotation from Zechariah.

Context of Jeremiah 7

NEW TESTAMENT WRITERS FREQUENTLY ALLUDE TO MORE THAN ONE OLD TESTAMENT PASSAGE, PROVIDING AN OVERALL CONTEXT.

This explanation involves the way that New Testament writers frequently allude to more than one Old Testament passage, providing an overall context. For the quote by Zechariah, there is a lot of foundational information that is necessary. First, Jeremiah 18 is the famous portion of the Old Testament that discusses God being the Potter and we the clay. And the Lord warns of a disaster to a nation that turns to evil. Israel had just rejected the Son of God, and the spiritual leaders just purchased His death for 30 pieces of silver. The message of the gospel then also went out to the Gentiles. And Israel, particularly Jerusalem, was soon left in ruin.Also, Jeremiah 19:1–4 gives a more precise placement of the potter’s field, outside the Potsherd Gate of Jerusalem, and the catastrophe that will happen there. The verse mentions that Israel has forsaken God here, and mentions the blood of innocents there too—Christ’s even being the ultimate innocent blood.

Then, of course, Jeremiah 32:9–12 discusses the land and purchase agreements. Although the first quotation in Matthew 27:9–10 is somewhat similar to the passage in Zechariah, the second quotation—“and gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me”—alludes to Jeremiah 32:6–9, which refers to the potter’s field.

So, these three aspects are Jeremiah’s, and Zechariah seems to build on them. In that respect, it is not an error to refer to the prophet Jeremiah at the point, as the whole passage—including the allusion to Zechariah—is in the context of the potter’s field, as related in Jeremiah.

Possible Explanation (8)

If we look carefully at these two verses in Matthew and Zechariah, though similar, simply do not match up in Zechariah  11:12–13.Then I said to them, “If it is agreeable to you, give me my wages; and if not, refrain.” So they weighed out for my wages thirty pieces of silver. And theLord said to me, “Throw it to the potter”—that princely price they set on me. So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the Lord for the potter. Matthew 27:9–10. Then was fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying, “And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the value of Him who was priced, whom they of the children of Israel priced, and gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me.” One quote says that they “weighed out” the wages, the other says “and they took.” One says “throw it to the potter,” and this was already fulfilled in Matthew 27:5. One does not mention that it was for a potter’s field, and one does. One could find other differences, but this should suffice. The point is, this is not a quote from the book of Zechariah. One cannot say this quote was misattributed to Zechariah, since Zechariah, said no such thing—his quote had a few similar aspects, but that is as far as it should go. So, if Matthew, speaking with the Holy Spirit, quotes this and attributes it to Jeremiah, then it was indeed something Jeremiah said, and it was merely not recorded in his writings. Recall John speaking about Jesus in John  21:25. that  there are many other things Jesus did, which if written one by one the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen. So, the answer simply is this quote by Matthew is not by Zechariah but merely unrecorded quote by Jeremiah. Note Matthew does not say the quotation was written by Jeremiah, but rather spoken (rheo) by Jeremiah. So possible Holy Spirit inspired Matthew to report spoken prophecy of Jeremiah, as Jude was inspired to include previously unwritten information about Michael in his book in Jude 9. The spoken prophecy given to Jeremiah by Holy Spirit could later have inspired a similar prophecy to Zechariah as part of his written account. There are 8 possible explanations for the last 3 easily answered ‘contradictions.’

Demolishing Supposed Bible Contradictions: Volume 1

Any concerns about Bible passages write to us in comments for clarification on the topics discussed and shared. The reason most Jewish people think that Christians hate them is because of what they have suffered at the hands of those who claim to be followers of Jesus. So learnt when very young as newest book, Jew Hatred and the Church, delves into the history of anti-Semitism and the ways in which the Church fails to stand for the Jewish people. This book lays ou path forward to encourage Believers to stand firm in the support of defense of Israel. Chapters include the following topics:

  • Acts of the Early Church
  • Apostasy Arises
  • Divisive Disunity
  • Rome and Reformation
  • Hitler’s “Justification”
  • Anti-Semitism: Alive and Growing
  • Reconciliation or Change
  • and much more

Get your copy of Jew Hatred and the Church today with your gift of $30 or more to support the work of the Jerusalem Prayer Team to bless, encourage, and defend God’s Chosen People in this prophetic moment.

Jew Hatred and the Church

1. Answers in Genesis 2.Jew Hatred and Church

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