Dyslexia is a recognised disability of people with difficulty learning to read fluently and accurately with understanding despite a normal or above-average intelligence. Words seem jumbled distorted for the dyslexic person. This recognized reading disorder has different types and severity depending on each one involved.
- Some types of dyslexia are hearing oriented so difficult to voice auditory sound words to pronounce them.
- The second dyslexic type sees words scrambled, mixed, distorted various shapes, sizes hard to read visually.
- The third type requires attention so needs extra time for intense focus to see words clearly by brain or mind to read.
- Some have all 3 types rolled in one so need compassion, understanding, help and support with reading and writing.
The American Journal of Human Genetics reported dyslexic genetic origin to help early diagnosis and successful interventions of the disorder. Each dyslexic has own issue so needs to be checked early as possible to avoid irreparable damage. Some people growing up without formal diagnosis suffered emotional injury from insults labelling them as backward, dunce, lazy, ignorant, idiot, dumb, stupid. Many retreat emotionally in shame, embarrassment never to attempt to read publicly in fear of humiliation. Those highly blessed gifted who find it easy to read naturally without strenuous effort must be particularly empathetic to understand dyslexic. Parents must help children read at home so not depend only on school. Dyslexics are capable of accomplishing good success. It takes hours to get them to read a simple obvious sentence so the teacher and reader were stressed and frustrated by the effort.
Some statemented are put in special needs classes so further label them. Eventually condition was diagnosed to help read better. People assessed have certified documents to prove not faking it or lazy. Effort is put into dyslexic to support those struggling with record keeping, volumes of paper work associated with working life. Self – help groups spring up, voluntary charities meet to learn to adapt to new trends in computer technology. Audio voice tapes record voice to type on computer, bold prints, coloured paper, pictures, images, illustrate text, highlight information. Interested dyslexic use sound to accompany words to improve reading listening skills. Schools test children’s reading ability with eye tests to ensure correct vision. Some colleges and work places need to be more aware of needs of adult dyslexic to help assess them properly.
Some bosses assume a dyslexic semi literate can read so must get on with work without extra support or an employer input. Emotionally, some affected by stress, fear, panic attacks, unable to perform to their best potential. After years of not getting the right support in school dyslexics suffer from lack of support in the adult world. So it is up to dyslexic to better themselves by going to college doing short courses. Getting involved as volunteers helps to develop and learn more about life skills and how to cope better in the real world. Paper work overwhelms so take home to keep up with overload of bureaucracy shredded paper cycle. Continue foundation of reading and revisit to build a good foundation in reading skills. It is important to start afresh as it is never too late to learn to read.
1.Reading direction identified show letters read from left to right or vice versa.
2.The reader’s hands must move along reading direction flow of each word read.
3.Reader must have a notebook, pen or board to write difficult words during reading.
4.Break down long difficult words into bite size to voice out eg. ba +na+na=banana.
5.Teach reader to know letters, sound alphabets out loud to form words m+e =me.
6. Teacher must use simple words meaningful to start to build on each reader’s pace.
7. Be sensitive and empathic to reader so never condemn reader as lazy, unteachable.
8. Build confidence and encourage fun reading of big bold children’s books to start with.
9.Use pictures, images, to accompany text to illustrate information and ask for help.
10.Cut out magazines for coursework and use alternative verbal oral tests if possible.
11.Avoid exams if not absolutely necessary or give extra time to complete tests.
12. Some dyslexic prefer verbal work so give talking, practical, hands on jobs.
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